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02.04.2016, admin
Our page top photo shows flooring removed and lower drywall removed to permit dryout of a wet or flooded basement in Poughkeepsie, NY. Mud, silt, and unknown contaminants in the water not only get everything dirty; they also create a health hazard. Dampness promotes the growth of mold - any of about two hundred common fungi that can grow on everything. Rapid dryout of a building reduces the chances of an expensive mold cleanup cost added to the costs of existing water and flood damage. Remove standing water using pumps, mops, shop vacs, preferably as soon as flood waters have subsided and the building has been found safe to enter. Remove wet materials including carpeting & contents from the building, discarding, or piling up for removal outside items such as wet wall-to-wall carpets, flooded furniture, wet drywall. Watch out: be sure to make a complete inventory, both by photographs and in writing in order to be able to provide accurate loss information to your insurance company. Tip on using cold temperatures to retard mold growth and gain flooded building cleanup time: mold experts (including the author) opine that if you cannot thoroughly dry out a building in 24-48 hours, the risk of serious mold contamination becomes significant.
Everything will dry more quickly and clean more easily if you can reduce the humidity in the home. How Dry is "Dry Enough" When Salvaging Building Contents or Preparing for Re-Painting?
To avoid problems with paint failure or mold growth, moisture content in salvaged materials or building surfaces should be below 18%.
If the humidity outside is lower than indoors, and if the weather permits, open all the doors and windows to exchange the moist q indoor air for drier outdoor air. Watch out: our photo (above left) makes plain that flooding soaked cabinets and wall partitions in this home.
Fans help move the air and dry out your home and adding heat or air conditioning can speed building dry-out. Watch out: Do not use central air conditioning or the furnace blower if the air handler ducts were under water. Watch out: Do not use air conditioners, central air conditioning, nor warm air heating systems to speed building dry-out if the building is mold contaminated, unless you also plan to later completely clean and replace those components. Dehumidifiers and window air conditioners will reduce the moisture, especially in closed up areas. Desiccants (materials that absorb moisture) are very useful in drying closets or other enclosed areas where air cannot move through.
Be careful about contractors who inflate prices after a disaster and about out-of-town contractors who inflate prices after a disaster and about out-of-town contractors who request payment in advance. Watch out: leaving soft goods (that are costly or difficult to clean) in a mold-contaminated area means that those items are likely to need extra (and more expensive) cleaning before they can be returned to use. To save an area rug, lay a sheet or some other material on top so the colors will not bleed. For a detailed procedure on sorting and salvaging (store, clean, re-store) building contents following a flood, mold contamination, sewage backup or storm damage, see SALVAGE BUILDING CONTENTS. Put things you dona€™t want to save outside to dry until the adjuster comes to confirm your losses. If you are not sure whether to throw something out, decide whether it is worth salvaging by checking the information in Step 6.
If your insurance adjuster has not come, tell your agent or adjuster that you need to get rid of potential health hazards. Mattresses, pillows, foam rubber, large carpets, carpet padding, upholstered couches and chairs, books, paper products.
Watch out: Dona€™t take chances with frozen food if electricity went off unless food is still thoroughly frozen and contains ice crystals. Unlike wallboard, wet studs and sills that are touched by floodwaters do not need to be thrown out. Our photo of floor baseboard trim exploration (above) shows what happens when trim is left in place at the bottom of a wet floor. At above right we show the right way to handle trim in a flooded building - remove it and pile it with site trash to be removed - as a first step in addressing wet walls and wall cavities (discussed below).
Hollow wood and plastic or vinyl doors usually have cardboard spacers in the middle that lose their shape when wet. Once building contents have been cleared outside for salvage & storage or for disposal, the next step in cleaning and repairing a soaked or flooded building is to get the water out of the ceilings and walls. Below at How to Dry & Restore Ceilings & Walls we discuss in detail the wall cavity mold contamination and floor damage that occurred in this NYC apartment as water traveled throughout the building floor in channels formed by metal wall partition sill plates. Styrofoam insulation [and similar foam board or sprayed-in-place foam building insulation] survives best; it may only need to be hosed off. We agree that flooded cellulose insulation should be replaced, both because of the very long dry-out time that delays building repairs and because of the risk of lost fire-retardant properties.
It is correct that wood framing will remain substantially the same size and shape when dried after a single event flood or wetting event unless severe warping occurs. Different layers of laminated wood, such as plywood, may dry at different rates, causing the layers to separate. We agree completely that wood framing in flooded buildings does not need to be replaced and thus should not be replaced unless it is rotted or otherwise damaged so that it cannot perform its structural function. While flooded framing of walls, ceilings or floors may need to be cleaned and sanitized if contaminated by floodwaters, in some cases the extra cleaning (media blasting, sanding, scraping) proposed for what is really cosmetic mold, are probably not necessary. On the other hand, if the wallboard was soaked by clean rainwater, it can be dried in place with plenty of fresh air moving through the area. If floodwaters soaked the drywall or wallboard four feet above the floor or more, you should take down all the wallboard and replace it. If you have Styrofoam insulationa€”or no insulationa€”and the wallboard was soaked with clean rainwater, you can dry the walls without removing the wallboard using the technique explained below for plaster walls. We advise against this advice which failed to recognize that any building wall or ceiling covered by drywall (wallboard) that has become wet is almost certainly going to develop severe mold contamination inside the cavity on the cavity side of drywall and very often as well on the surfaces of wood framing and exterior wall sheathing.
How Much Drywall Should be Removed Following Flooding, Water Damage, or Wetting or Mold Contamination? Our larger wall test cut shown at left was made following observation of a very small amount of surface mold on the exterior or room side of the drywall. Any drywall-covered walls or ceilings that have been wet should be handled by removing all wet or visibly water-stained or visibly moldy drywall and the insulation, if any, in that building cavity. Plaster wall or ceiling coverings should not have to be replaced but it will take a very long time to dry. Below at How to Dry & Restore Ceilings & Walls we give better advice on how to inspect and where appropriate, remove sections of plaster-covered walls or ceilings, insulation removal, and how to clean & inspect building cavities for contaminants. If the plaster or wallboard is clean and in good shape, you can drill or cut ventilating holes in each wall cavity.
However we have on occasion found significant mold contamination on wood surfaces in the previously wet wall or ceiling cavity regardless of the wall or ceiling covering material. Now the risk of mold growth in any building cavity is significantly increased when the cavity has suffered leakage over a protracted interval compared with a brief (if dried quickly) single event.
For uninsulated building cavities, cut and remove no less than 12-inches of plaster at the floor and ceiling level of walls or at the ceiling-wall margins if the plaster ceiling was wet.
For insulated building cavities, cut and remove enough plaster wall or ceiling material in continuous strips along the full length of the wall or ceiling at both floor and wall (wall cavities) or the full ceiling perimeter (ceilings) to permit removal of all wet or potentially wet and contaminated insulation.
In either case, when the wall and ceiling cavities are thoroughly dry and provided inspection confirms no problem mold growth, you can proceed with reconstruction.


Our photo (left) illustrates an easy method for making small, easily-patched inspection openings in building walls or ceilings. For building exterior walls, top floor ceilings, or other building cavities where insulation is desired, and where you have successfully left plaster ceiling or wall coverings in place, you can re-insulate using blown-in cellulose or foam insulation products.
Therefore, simply pulling off lower sections of wall coverings up to the flood level is dangerous advice.
Follow the drywall or plaster wall post-flood dryout, cleaning, and recovery advice described above.
However there are cases where limited wallpaper removal (and drywall removal) are appropriate, such as below a leaky window sill shown in our photo at above left. Our field and laboratory tests confirm that the cavity side of wood type and vinyl wall coverings are very conducive to mold growth in buildings that have been wet or even just exposed to very high humidity.
If a building wall cavity has been flooded to any depth whatsoever or exposed to wet conditions the wall paneling should be removed completely, any drywall behind the paneling should be removed in accordance with our drywall handling recommendations above, and the exposed wall cavity cleaned, dried, and sanitized. We agree that if you get to paneling in time (before it has delaminated, warped, disintegrated due to water damage) it may be feasible to remove, dry, and clean the material for salvage and re-use - on occasion. Modern fire codes require that wood type wall paneling be installed over a layer of drywall. If a home with a basement was flooded over the first floor, remove finished basement ceilings, or cut or drill holes between all the joists to allow circulation.
Valuable carpets: usually only valuable carpets are worth the cost of professional cleaning.
Watch out: Be sure to tell your carpet cleaner what the carpet has been exposed to - both to protect the workers from possible harm and to assure that proper handling and cleaning are performed.
Watch out for the tack- down strips along the wall; they often have nails sticking up to hold the carpet down.
In our experience wet wall to wall carpeting along with the padding beneath it most often forms a mold contamination reservoir. Rarely in nearly 30 years of field inspection and forensic lab testing have we [DF] found a carpet wet by burst pipe or roof drainage that had been left in place after soaking and that was not mold contaminated.
We agree that if only a small area of wall to wall carpeting has been wet by clean water - such as from a burst water supply pipe) it is often possible to dry and retain the carpeting. Floor tiles, vinyl or sheet flooring: remove tile, vinyl, and linoleum flooring should be removed if it is warped, loose, or has a foam rubber pad (which should be thrown away).
But if days pass the wet wood floor is likely to swell, buckle, and will not be repairable without demolition and at least partial replacement (photo, below). To salvage cabinets and counter tops that have not been badly water-damaged but that were mounted in a room that was soaked by flooding, fire extinguishment, storm damage or similar events, we [DF} find that you will need to remove wall mounted cabinets (on walls that were wet) and floor mounted cabinets (on floors that were soaked or flooded) to permit the cabinets to be properly dried and cleaned. Study the building carefully to decide on the building points at most risk of having been wet from leaks due to construction details or other site observations. Do you think it is dangerous to leave or should I bite the bullet and cut all the interior walls as well? Of course I'm sorry to read of the flood, but not surprised given the extent of flooding caused by Hurricane Sandy in 2012. Kudos to you if you were able to remove wet materials and drywall quickly enough to prevent more extensive water or mold or sewage damage to the building. I don't have nearly enough information to offer much personally-tuned advice, bur if specific questions arise just ask and I'll try to assist. So the white stuff you saw, even if it is effloresence, not mold, is an important clue that needs investigation, as it is in any case an indication of (previously if not present) high moisture. Vheck for adequate cleaning and sanitizing - I don't assume that floodwaters contained only seawater, as often during area flooding sewers back up, adding sewage to the mix that floods homes. Try the search box below or CONTACT US by email if you cannot find the answer you need at InspectApedia. Hankey and Brown home inspectors, Eden Prairie, MN, technical review by Roger Hankey, prior chairman, Standards Committee, American Society of Home Inspectors - ASHI. Arlene Puentes, a licensed home inspector, educator, and building failures researcher in Kingston, NY. The critique included in that article raises compelling questions about IgG testing assays, which prompts our interest in actually screening for the presence of high levels of particles that could carry allergens - dog dander or cat dander in the case at hand. Fifth Kingdom, Bryce Kendrick, ISBN13: 9781585100224, is available from the InspectAPedia online bookstore - we recommend the CD-ROM version of this book.
As we discuss at FLOOD-CAUSED MOLD, PREVENTION, ideally we dry out the building within 24 to 48 hours of its having become wet, or as soon afterwards as is safe and practical.
When the building is safe to enter, photo-document all inside (and outdoor) conditions and damage - information that may assist you in making any loss or insurance claims as well as in rebuilding planning. But in fact you may have more time and the risk of rapid mold contamination growth is certainly reduced in cold conditions. When using a moisture meter or even when just feeling surfaces for evidence of dampness, for a building or basement that has been flooded, remember to check the areas that are likely to be last to dry: lowest points, corners, intersections.
If you have a thermometer with a humidity gauge, you can monitor the indoor and outdoor humidity. They will blow out dirty air, that might contain contaminants from the sediment left in the duct work. Doing so will assure that the air handler, blower assembly, and duct work become mold contaminated. The level of water and moisture far exceed the capacity of cans or piles of desiccants and worse, the rate of dry-out will be so slow that the risk of further water damage and mold contamination will be increased. Better would have been to remove the trim and the bottom 12-inches of drywall to dry and inspect the wall cavity. Depending on the spacing between studs in your walls, make a hole every 16a€? or every 24a€?.
But any type of building insulation that has been wet by floodwaters, likely to contain sewage or pathogens, should be disposed-of and the building cavities cleaned and sanitized before rebuilding.
But this is not true of subflooring in many installations where we find that the subflooring swelled, arched, and separated from the floor framing.
Some contaminants will stay in the wood pores after it dries, but not as much as stays in flooded wallboard. But in a flooded building, before covering floor framing with new subflooring on top or with a new ceiling (for the floor below), if the floor structure was wet by floodwaters it should be cleaned and sanitized.
Below at How to Dry & Restore Ceilings & Walls we give better advice on how to inspect and where appropriate, remove wet drywall or wallboard, insulation removal, and how to clean & inspect building cavities for contaminants.
Plaster and paneling can often be saved, but you still need to get air circulating in the wall cavities to dry the studs and sills. Water traveled inside the wall cavity (in the upturned metal stud used as a sill plate for internal wall partitions), leading to a large Memnoniella echinata mold contamination. Unable to explain why mold was growing in this location we opened the wall to find a leaky plumbing drain pipe. Continue removing drywall until you have provided at least a 24-inch margin of clean, dry, un-stained materials.
Our field and forensic lab experience [DF] confirm that plaster is more resistant to mold growth than drywall, paneling, or similar materials.
Our photo (left) illustrates some interesting mold and fungal growth in the wall cavity of a plaster-covered interior where there had been plumbing leaks.
Use fans, heat (if possible) and dehumidifies to speed building dryout including of the opened wall and ceiling cavities. Use something to hold the bottom away from the sill so the cavities can drain and dry out.You may be able to nail wall paneling back into shape after they and the studs dry out.


Be sure to inspect the paneling front and back sides (wall cavity side) for mold growth and contamination. If the paneling was not badly water damaged it may be possible to clean and sanitize it and nail it back in place. If original construction omitted the drywall, as may be found in some older homes, you should install drywall (and depending on climate, insulation) in walls before restoring the final wall covering.
After getting wet, wall-to-wall carpeting usually will not return to its former size and has to be thrown away. If you expect to preserve a valuable carpet it should be transported to or by the professional cleaning company promptly. Don't leave a valuable but wet carpet rolled-up and stored for days - you are may find that the carpet will be destroyed by running dyes and colors, and you risk a badly mold-contaminated carpet that will be difficult to clean and restore. Cutting or scratching yourself on a rusted or flood-water-contaminated carpet tack strip is asking for an infection. Most insurance companies currently agree that widely (over large areas) soaked wall to wall carpeting should be removed, along with its padding, and later replaced. A wood floor that has been soaked can be salvaged if it can be cleaned and dried quickly - in hours. In the case of hurricane Sandy we got a small break in that cold weather after the storm may have helped retard mold growth in buildings that could not be dried out in the recommended 24-48 hours. A simple bacteria swab test, properly conducted, can test both representative cleaned surfaces as well as upstairs surfaces that might have become contaminated during building restoration if proper measures to prevent it were nto followed. Cramer is a past president of ASHI, the American Society of Home Inspectors and is a Florida home inspector and home inspection educator. Sheryl Miller, MT (ASCP), PhD, is an Immunologist and Associate Professor of Basic and Medical Sciences at Bastyr University in Bothell, Washington.
Exercises for Getting Rid of Belly Fat?Sports & Fitness Jul 25, 2012 5667 The 42-year-old Jennifer Lopez shows her iron abs sprinkled with drops of rain at a concert in Brazil, but the 19-year-old Selena Gomez can not boast of the same thing.
So if your building has been wet or flooded in cold or winter weather, leaving the heat off until you have removed standing water and are ready to begin demolition, dryout, and cleanup, may be a better idea. On the other hand, when temperatures drop at night, an open home is warmer and will draw moisture indoors. Insulated ductwork that has been flooded should be replaced or if insulation can be replaced separately it may be possible to salvage some duct components. In some cases, you may only be able to move them to a dry or clean room in the same building while you clean the other rooms. Your local TV and radio stations will have announcements concerning trash pickup schedules and drop-off sites.
If the floodwaters went above your ceiling, you should replace it if it is made of wallboard.
Stick an awl or knife into the wall about 2 inches above the floor (just above the 2 X 4 wood sill plate). The potential cost of having to demolish and rebuild insulated walls and ceilings in which contaminated fiberglass batts were used far exceeds the cost of throwing away and replacing suspect fiberglass insulation. And as we discuss below at How to dry the floor following a fire, flood, hurricane or similar disaster, it is absolutely not true for finish flooring of wood or most wood laminate or engineered wood floor products.
Wood studs and sills will be covered by new wallboard and painted, so they are well removed from human contact. You can just see the black mold growth on the opposing side of drywall exposed at our test cut made just above floor trim in this wall. Water was removed from the floor within 24 hours, and there was almost no visual evidence of a mold problem in the finished basement.
If there is or was wet insulation, you will have to remove the paneling and to take out all the insulation.
Because floodwaters contain mud and dirt, most soaked floor coverings should be thrown away.
Therefore, make the job easier by cutting it in strips and discarding it in pieces that are small enough to be carried. Carpets wet by unsanitary flood waters or a burst sewer pipe should be thoroughly sanitized as part of the cleaning and dryout procedure. It will also make the air salty, so do not use this product near computers or other delicate equipment. However, you can cook and then freeze raw meat that was partially thawed and then refreeze it. A plaster ceiling will dry eventually, but if it has too many cracks or sags, you will have to tear it down and replace it.
If there is wet insulation, you will have to remove the wallboard in order to take out all the insulation. Therefore, wet wood studs and sills do not need to be replaced if they are allowed to dry properly.
Lifting the laminate flooring discovered additional contamination needing cleaning below the floor as well. But some building occupants experienced severe asthma attacks on entering the basement area or simply when standing at the top of the basement stairs. Exterior holes have been patched, the utilities have been turned off, and the drying process has started. Of course, there are lucky women who got a perfect flat belly from nature (most important thing is that everything else should not be as flat), but to be honest – these are not many. However, if there is wet insulation, you will have to remove the plaster or wallboard in order to take out all the insulation. Our air, dust, and surface tests led to investigating the wall and wall cavity, for which this first inspection point produced the results you can see in our photo. Diet Changes for Getting Rid of Belly FatIf you want to get rid of extra inches in the waist, start with a review of nutrition. Visits to the kitchen should be stopped two hours before bedtime, but if you really want to eat in the evening, drink a cup of yogurt, eat a carrot or a thin slice of lean cooked meat.
Though at such moments one does not feel like eating carrots, try one and make sure the feeling of hunger is blunted.There is even a special diet for a flat belly. Otherwise, you will run the fermentation process, and bloating in the morning is guaranteed.Exercise, too, has not been canceled.
According to these, it is enough to exercise three times a week for at least five minutes and complement your daily body care with the Destock Ventre slimming care with caffeine and plant peptides. The fitness guide is printed on the reverse side of the product package.Belly Exercises from VichyStart with twists from the prone position.
Lie on the floor, bend your knees and in turns bring your right hand to your left knee and your left hand to right knee. With each movement one hand must be behind your head.Stay in the same position and lift your pelvis as high as possible without taking your hands off the floor. At the same time straighten the left arm and the right leg, and then the right arm and the left leg (20-30 times).Now get up. Bend the body down first, throwing your head slightly back, then upwards, lowering your head.Vichy promises that such a regime of exercises combined with the gel will help reduce your waist by one size in only a month.
Jan 4, 2008How to Make Your Breasts Beautiful with Exercises May 15, 2008Beautiful Pictures.



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