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31.12.2013, admin
Transmission pathsTransmission of pathogens to humans occurs through many different routes. Droplet and airborne infections are part of the direct transmission path, occurring via infected humans or animals. Indirect contact infection occurs between a non-infected person and the environment, for example objects. The transmission of pathogens from the environment to humans is referred to as indirect contact infection, e.g. Indirect contact infection may also occur through bites or stings of blood-sucking insects.
Indirect contact transmission occurs when there is no direct contact between carriers of infection and newly infected persons, for example, via contaminated water or contaminated food. Estimates of the economic cost of foodborne illness play an important role in guiding food safety policy.
In addition to thinking ahead about the cost of care, it’s important to know that the holidays often bring an uptick in injuries.
We want you to be safe this holiday season, and should anything happen, we want you to choose a healthcare provider who won’t charge you a fortune plus your favorite reindeer just for stitches and a splint.
From the Blue Ridge Mountains to the famous Carolina coastline, the holidays will soon be here. Well, as stressful as the holidays can be, as many to-dos as you have on your list, FastMed offers you a relaxing alternative to the crowded, over-priced emergency room should any mishaps happen this holiday season. Next, if you are in an extra hurry, trying to get something checked out between holiday errands, you can always check in online to save some time. On each of these days, check to see if your regular physician’s office is closed or open.
Your local FastMed is available to serve your every medical need this holiday season, and we may be able to help you save money, too. When the cacti are trimmed in lights and holiday cheer bounds from tops of red desert mountains, who will you call if you get sick? Keep in mind, a percentage of severe scarring is related to not getting stitches when stitches are needed. Use a humidifier: Keeping the air moist and moving may improve your symptoms and help clear your sinuses.
Fruit and sport drinks: Tasty drinks are a good substitute for water and a great source of electrolytes.
If you haven’t yet, get your flu shot at your earliest convenience and try to avoid ever getting sick.
If you are preparing food on a tabletop, clean it well before using it and clean it anytime meat comes in contact with the surface. Try to make using a thermometer a habit, whether you are at a tailgate or in your home kitchen. Take supplies: Make sure you have the proper gear, safety equipment and a physical map of the area (usually available through the local parks and recreation department).
When you are trying to decide if you have a cold or the flu, keep this in mind: there is a difference between getting poked and punched.
Often, when you are trying to determine if you have a cold or the flu, you’re talking about severity and duration of symptoms. You will also see a difference in how cold and flu symptoms start and how long they linger. We’re spending quite a bit of time this season talking about the difference between viral and bacterial infections. While our tune suggests holding the apple of one’s eye forever, forever is a really long time. This is our songful way of telling you that every morning or night, whenever you spend the most time in the bathroom, you need to pay attention to the details. Let’s talk about the different causes of a sore throat and treatments that are recommended for each type of illness. If you open wide and see red or swollen tonsils and a bright red throat, your sore throat is probably a viral infection. Now, if your viral infection doesn’t go away or symptoms get worse, you need to look out for the flu.
When investigating your sore throat, if you see white spots on your tonsils or a gray, furry coating on your tongue, you didn’t sleepwalk and eat all the cotton balls. Talk to your healthcare professional anytime you are prescribed an antibiotic to make sure you know why you are taking it and how you should take it, and then be sure to finish your prescription. Throughout the coming seasons, we’ll talk quite a bit about different illnesses, how you can treat and prevent seasonal sicknesses, and when you should see a doctor. FastMed clinics hold the Joint Commissiona€™s Gold Seal of ApprovalA® for accreditation in compliance with the Joint Commissiona€™s national standards for health care quality and safety in ambulatory health care. We have put in one place the various policies that are important for our patients to understand.
A Fayetteville woman is seeking in excess of $10,000 in damages after she claims she became sick after eating at a restaurant at a Holiday Inn. The Cumberland County Department of Public Health says at least 70 people have reported signs or symptoms consistent with salmonella infections and five people were hospitalized.
Health officials are worried that the outbreak could spread nationwide because the hotel is alongside Interstate 95. A Pennsylvania woman has filed a lawsuit against the Firefly on Paradise, a Las Vegas restaurant. The firma€™s client is one of the 89 people sickened in a Salmonella outbreak associated with the Firefly.
According to the complaint, those foods include but are not limited to: pork, calamari, garlic in oil, potatoes, tortilla empanada, lettuce, shrimp, mussels, claims, chicken and fish. Every employee at the McDonald’s is being tested and the restaurant will not reopen until enough staff have been cleared to work.
The Clark County Public Health Department is closing the On the Border Mexican restaurant in Vancouver, Washington after an outbreak of Salmonellaamong patrons. The symptoms of Salmonella food poisoning include diarrhea, which may be bloody, fever, chills, abdominal cramps, and vomiting.
Since Salmonella infections can spread person-to-person, government officials are stressing the need for thorough hand-washing after using the bathroom, and before and during food preparation. Food-poisoning cases like the Salmonella sushi lawsuit generally fall under product liability laws.
In a Salmonella sushi lawsuit filed last week, two Wisconsin women, 22 and 33, claim they were severely sickened after eating tuna sushi rolls at a local restaurant, MSNBC reports. Salmonella infections generally lead to diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps within 72 hours, according to the FDA. But the Wisconsin women’s infections were more severe, and required hospital treatment.
Scientific tests show the Salmonella sushi victims were sickened by a rare type of bacteria called Salmonella Bareilly, the women’s lawyer said. Taco Bell is facing a second lawsuit after a Shawnee family said their childA  contracted salmonella in Oklahoma. A lawsuit filed by a Norman woman who claimed she contracted salmonellaA  after eating at Taco Bell was transferred to federal court. Investigative efforts were unable to identify a specific food associated with illness, but data indicate that contamination likely occurred before the product reached Restaurant Chain A locations. Salmonella, the most prevalent food borne pathogen in this country, is an organism that can cause serious and sometimes fatal infections in young children, frail or elderly people, and others with weakened immune systems.
Salmonella poisoning can also lead to Reitera€™s Syndrome, a difficult-to-treat reactive arthritis characterized by severe joint pain, irritation of the eyes, and painful urination. Marshall also said that some people have fallen very ill with dehydration that required intravenous fluids, reported KPIC.
Illnesses caused by these ten foods may be as minor as stomachcramps and diarrhea for a day or two, or as serious as kidney failure or death.
Pathogenic droplets that are produced during speaking, sneezing or coughing reach the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract, where they propagate.
Direct contact transmission occurs when there is direct physical contact between an infected person or animal and a non-infected person.
From an infected host animal, the pathogen is passed on to humans via a transmitter and thus reaches their bloodstream.

This mode of transmission often occurs in areas with poor hygiene: bacteria, for instance, reach the drinking water via excretions or colonise animal products.
A recent ERS study put the cost of foodborne illness at $14.6 billion per year, which accounts for medical care, lost time from work, and losses due to premature death. After all, you have large family dinners to prepare and presents to buy, you need some new decorations and you want to replace the sheets after Cousin Carl and his dogs leave come January. We want to offer you premier medical care at a fraction of the cost of some ER or specialty visits. On top of this, some insurance companies are prepared to ask for rate increases of as much as 40%. With branches across Arizona and North Carolina, our local, friendly staff are just like you, working in the communities where they live. Trees will board flatbeds and get shipped down the mountain, turkeys will squawk for mercy and relatives will show up completely unannounced and stay until no one in the house is on speaking terms. Our friendly, local staff works on the holidays because we are committed to providing you a convenient way to get medical help when most other businesses are closed. Anytime you have a cut on your neck and it’s bleeding you should talk with a healthcare professional. If ever you get cut and there is a loose piece or flap of skin, it needs to be properly reattached.
When a cut is caused by debris or an object is stuck in the cut, a professional should see it. Most of the people who are really concerned about the pain of stitches have seen one too many action movies where the hero finds a stray needle and ties his own wounds together without anesthesia. Any cut can leave a scar, but you can reduce scarring if you do what you can to help a wound heal properly. Some cuts heal enough to bind on their own after only a couple of days while more serious injuries may take weeks to heal.
If we work out our broken heart stitch procedure, if we find a way to cure the ailments of love gone wrong, we’ll let you know.
Either you forgot to visit FastMed for your flu shot or despite all your preventative efforts you still got sick. It’s time to find the right treatment and make healthy choices that will get you back on your feet quickly.
You can take ibuprofen, antihistamines, decongestants and cough medicines to relieve your symptoms.
When you feel down or if the kids bring something home, count on FastMed to get you back out there.
As soon as football returns we get ready to camp out in a parking lot for a day, have a few beverages and grill some delicious treats.
You want to pack all meat in a cooler with ample ice so everything stays fresh until you are ready to cook. If you are worried about your ability to judge the doneness of a burger or chicken breast by looking at it, cut it open. It’s not uncommon to fire up the grill and put on some chicken, only to hear the crowd roar in the distance and feel the need to hustle up, eat and get on in to the game.
It’s the only way to prevent the spread of foodborne illness at your tailgate this fall.
Be sure to let a family member or friend not hiking with you know where you are going and for how long. We can get you in, out and back on trails in a fraction of the time it takes to visit the local ER. At FastMed, we can help you lessen your symptoms and prevent illness from spreading to other members of your household. Kids bring it home from school, a colleague comes to work ill, or someone sneezes in the bread aisle at the grocery store, and next thing you know everyone in your home is sick.
Clocking in at 4 minutes and 26 seconds, it’s a perfect guide for a healthy morning routine. This is important because we want to make sure people are only taking antibiotics when they absolutely have to. It costs us time at work, keeps the kids home from school and drives our chicken noodle soup budget through the roof. With a viral infection, you may cough and sneeze, but the sickness will work its way through your system in a few days or a week. Symptoms of the flu include achy muscles and joints, fever, fatigue and increased coughing.
Today there are multiple vaccination options, so ask a healthcare professional at your next FastMed visit which one of the shots is best for you. If you have strep, you may experience more pain in your neck, have a tougher time swallowing, get a nagging headache or feel nauseous. Well, if you have a bacterial infection, a healthcare professional will prescribe antibiotics. A bad habit that leads to antibiotic resistance is when a patient takes only a part of a prescription, giving bacteria a little taste of the medicine—just enough for them to get used to it.
In addition to providing immediate walk-in attention for an injury or illness, FastMed provides routine services including flu shots, occupational medicine and school or sports physicals. Last week the Cumberland County Department of Public Health alerted the public of a possible salmonella outbreak after dozens of people claimed to have gotten sick after eating at the Holiday Inn Fayetteville a€“ Bordeaux. She is seeking compensation for allegedly contracting Salmonella food poisoning from the restaurant. The restaurant has been closed during the outbreak investigation to reduce the risk to public health. Anyone who is ill should stay home and not prepare food until their symptoms have disappeared. One woman was diagnosed with an ulcerated colon, which her personal-injury lawsuit blames on contaminated Nakaochi Scrape. The family said their 9-year-old got sick from eating at the restaurant.A  The child spent three days in a hospital with a 105-degree fever, according toA  the lawsuit.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to investigate a multistate outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis infections which was associated with eating food from a Mexican-style fast food restaurant chain, Restaurant Chain A.
They used data from PulseNet, the national subtyping network made up of state and local public health laboratories and federal food regulatory laboratories that performs molecular surveillance of foodborne infections. Some Salmonella bacteria are antibiotic resistant, largely due to the use of antibiotics to promote the growth of feed animals. We have not been able to do that, but we do have sampling that is pending, and those results should be in later this week,a€? said Marshall.
So until we know what that source is, ita€™s hard to evaluate what that potential cause can be,a€? said Marshall, quoted KPIC. Notably, pathogens most commonly associated with meat and poultrya€”such as been repeatedly linked to these food items. There is a new Proposition 65 “warning notice” required for Bisphenol A (BPA) that takes effect May 11, 2016, and it will affect a number of lodging establishments.
One form of indirect contact infection is the smear infection, where pathogens are transmitted via the faecal-oral route (i.e. The cost of a foodborne pathogen is determined by both the number and severity of illnesses it causes. Imagine walking around your house in the summer: the windows are open, the kids are outside.
That’s why we are so committed to helping everyone within our branch network get premium, personal medical attention. Each dollar you can save comes in handy when the kids want a new Super Duper Really Expensive Electronic Thingy… you know? While we have branches across the state of Arizona and you never need an appointment to stop in, some weekend and holiday hours vary slightly between branches. We’d love to be able to stitch it right up and send you back on your way, so you can find the next love of your life. If you get stiches at FastMed you will not have to bite on a stick to muscle through the pain. FastMed will also help you prevent scarring by talking through caring for a wound once you’re home, including how to keep the wound lubricated and properly bandaged.
Today, the materials we use to stitch simple cuts and lacerations have changed, so you may not even need a second visit.

Being open on the weekend and in select locations the holidays, gives us the chance to treat the oddest of seasonal cases as well. Most of us can’t afford to miss a lot of work these days, so why not choose an inexpensive treatment option that can get you back in the office in no time at all? Often, sickness strikes on the weekend or after normal business hours, and we’re open and available. Our friendly staff is ready and able to help you understand how best to prevent illness, how to treat illness and how to prevent the spread of the flu once you are sick.
We’re faster and less expensive than most emergency rooms should you need an after-hours or weekend visit. People worry about cutting meat on the grill because they think it will spill the juices, but losing some flavor is better than getting sick. You always want plenty of time to prepare your tailgate meal, so you don’t serve any undercooked food.
Salmonella leads to more than 1 million illnesses each year and a significant number of deaths. Yes, fall is taking hold, and that means strapping on the boots and venturing out, hopping on rocks in a river, finding a trail, maybe fueling up the grill and throwing a log in the fire pit. Plus, FastMed costs only a fraction of the price and you can look into our Discount Program, which helps qualified individuals get the healthcare services they need at a flat price of $35. If you’re in a hurry, have a path to conquer or some leaves to see, check in online to save some time. But we want you to trust your ability to feel changes in your symptoms; we want you to focus on recognizing when symptoms progress, so you can seek help. We may even be able to get you back on your feet quicker, as a healthcare professional can write a prescription for an antiviral medication. Also, a quick hug might help your health as much as a long one, even if it’s a hug you give yourself. We at FastMed want to help you prepare, so you know when to see a doctor and when to crawl in bed with a cozy blanket, a good book and the rom-com you’ve seen a million times just because it makes you giggle every time the bad guy slips on ice. If you think you have the flu, if your cold symptoms feel significantly worse than normal, a healthcare professional at FastMed can run a test to verify your diagnosis. Strep throat is no fun at all, and it may take more than a favorite movie to make it go away.
You’ll be back in bed long before the good guy comes to his senses and asks the princess, cupcake baker or advice column editor to dance.
She is being represented by Fred Pritzker, Brendan Flaherty and Ryan Osterholm, who are also representing several other people allegedly sickened in the outbreak.A  Pritzker, Flaherty and Osterholm are part of PritzkerOlsen law firma€™s Bad Bug Law Team.
Attorney Elliot Olsen said, a€?facilities that sell food are supposed to ensure that their product is safe. Diseases such as cholera and food poisoning can be a major problem following an earthquake or other natural disaster. Herpes simplex virus (HSV), which causes herpes on lips, uses this path to infect the host.
One example is the Black Death: the bacterium Yersinia pestis colonising rats is transmitted to humans via rat flea. Salmonella and Toxoplasma gondii rank highest in cost because they cause the highest number of deaths each year. Now think about the winter: everyone is crowded inside, the floors are wet with snow and there are extension cords and decorations everywhere. Stop by your local FastMed for a flu shot or vaccination before a sickness takes hold and you’ll save in the long run. We’re the place people go when the carving knife dashes through the dark meat and lands in a thumb.
Sometimes you do everything in your power to protect your home from the flu and one kid decides to go to school sick and an entire classroom gets infected, bringing it home to you. If you feel achy and ill and want nothing more than to curl up under the covers, dive into bed and get some rest. We hope your travels this fall are safe and event-free, but if you need medical assistance, don’t hesitate to visit FastMed. A punch makes you call your momma, demand soup, hugs and a forehead rag — while a poke elicits discomfort, a wince.
Other ways to treat the cold and flu without medicine include properly hydrating, gargling with salt water and getting lots of rest.
But if redness, itching, swelling or irritation persist, you may want to talk to a healthcare professional to get everything checked out. Researchers found the brain was unable to feel some minor aches and pains when study participants gave themselves a hug.
Then, anytime you have a question or want to get something checked out, FastMed is your answer.
Knowing exactly what is keeping you down is always the quickest path to recovery because you can get the appropriate treatment. Two days later, she developed symptoms that included nausea, fever, abdominal cramps and bloody diarrhea.
Public health officials are asking that anyone who ate at the restaurant between September 20 and October 8, 2012 and experiencing symptoms of salmonellosis contact a health care provider. Antibiotics can control bacteria, but some strains of bacteria have developed resistance to them.
Flu infections and influenza virus are transmitted this way, especially during the cold season.
One example of this transmission path is the norovirus, which may lead to severe diarrhoea. One shot today is cheaper than over-the-counter medications, prescriptions and cans of chicken noodle soup down the road.
We are a friendly, locally-staffed healthcare center and we can stitch you up comfortably and in a way that leaves less scarring.
You should call your doctor at the onset of flu symptoms for the best chance of getting the treatment you need in a timely manner.
Food preparation, especially the dangers of undercooked foods, is something you should pay special attention to this fall.
See, when the brain sees arms crossed and feels an influx of touch in an achy area, it loses track of the initial pain. While others may love you and your family and friends may sometimes hold you accountable for your health, it’s up to you to look in the mirror and treat yourself with all the love you have inside. Your local FastMed can get you in and out and back in the dance of life at a fraction of what the emergency room visit costs. It’s important to know which illness is sweeping through your household so you can treat everyone properly. When a droplet nucleus, which measures five µm only, is dispersed over long distances through the air, this is referred to as airborne transmission. We’re your scar-preventing destination when all you catch on an early morning fishing venture is your own ear.
Not to mention Listeria, noroviruses and Hepatitis A, all of which can also be transmitted through food if it is not heated enough to kill the offending bacteria. For example, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the cause of tuberculosis, is passed on like this. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. This chart appears in “Recent Estimates of the Cost of Foodborne Illness Are in General Agreement” in ERS’s November 2013 Amber Waves magazine.
This means that if you do not clean your tailgate table and utensils properly when game day is over, dangerous bacteria may still be there the next time you use the supplies. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.

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