Staphylococcus aureus nasal treatment,how to get rid of genital rash 95,ways to get rid of really bad period cramps,how to get rid of spots on your bum cheeks 74 - Step 3

09.06.2014, admin
Nasal swab samples of 2 cm depth from both nostrils of patients were obtained for nasal culture. Among potential pathogenic bacteria in the nasal cavity, Staphylococcus aureus, Neisseria meningitidis, moraxella catarrhalis, Streptococcus pneumonia and Haemophilus influenzea are the major ones (1, 2). Staphylococcus aureus has stood in the forefront due to the high incidence of carrier infection and associated complications for community health (3, 4). Other regions are the perineum and axillary region, throat, other sites where skin integrity is disrupted and IV catheter insertion.
Staphylococcus aureus is the most common isolated pathogen leading to infectious diseases in these patients (14). Catheters have been primarily implicated in the development of infectious diseases in patients on haemodialysis. Staphylococcus aureus colonization of the nasal anterior mucosa of patients and health professionals is a reservoir for Staphylococcus aureus infection. Nosocomial infection usually results from contact between patients' catheter and patients, or health professionals (4).
Kurutepe et al (15) conducted a study and reported that the ratio of Staphylococcus aureus was 33% in patients on haemodialysis. Carrier of nasal Staphylococcus aureus was between 10-40% in the normal population (16, 17). DeLeo et al reported that community acquired Staphylococcus aureus infection exceeded nosocomial infection due to Staphylococcus aureus (18). Nowadays, increase in methi-cillin resistance to Staphylococcus species is an important health problem. Finally, patients on haemodialysis are at great risk for community and hospital acquired infection with Staphylococcus aureus.
Patients on haemodialysis are more likely to be exposed to both HBV and HCV than the normal population (21, 22).
In studies, it was shown that HBV and HCV carrier status in patients on haemodialysis is five times more than in the normal population (23).


Staphylococcal infections may involve stronger antibiotics depending on diagnosis treatment. The study survey, which included sociodemographic features, was applied by a physician in face to face interview after obtaining informed consent.
Samples displaying Gram (+) colony along with catalase (+) and catalase (-) were defined as Staphylococcus aureus. Antibiotic sensitivity of bacteria was evaluated by the disc diffusion method according to National Committee for Clinical Laboratories (NCCLS) criteria. Additionally, medical history such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, allergy, cardiac diseases, thyroid diseases, liver and renal diseases were inquired of patients and their families.
Patients' weight and height measurements were recorded at morning time at the haemo-dialysis centre. Odds ratio (OR) and confidence interval (CI 95%) were estimated for MSSA, HCV, HBV, and sociodemographic parameters (age, gender, marital status, income salary, disease duration, household members). Written informed consent and verbal assent was given by all participants or their surrogate prior to the interview. The national nosocomial infection follow-up system, United States of America (USA), detected the ratio of nosocomial infection as 13% between 1979 and 1995 at hospitals in the USA.
However, the study with similar age groups of persons was repeated by New York researchers at the same research centre in 2005, with the result of a total rate of MSSA of 46%, and carrier rate of MSSA was 9.2% in children.
The transmission occurs mostly through catheters by hand contamination from persons working in surgical services, intensive care, and haemodialysis units. The rate of nasal carrier for Staphylococcus aureus in nurses working at haemodialysis units was found to be 26% in Turkey by Demirci et al (37). According to these data, the education of hospital staff on hand hygiene and nasal culture done at regular intervals is important in preventing complications that may occur in patients.
This lower rate might be because the study was done in special dialysis centres where the number of the patients was less than in state hospitals, and the number of staff per patient is high and the hygiene level is good in these centres.
The study conducted by the Turkish Society of Nephrology included 5787 patients, and 3095 of these (52.6%) had antibodies against HCV (22).


These rates are lower than in the old literature data, although in many European countries, the rates are below 5%. Haemodialysis patients are often investigated with nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus, this carriage is limited to the review of literature investigating the relationship between sociodemographic data. Cytokines are important in the host defense against viral infections, particularly against the two major forms of human hepatitis virus, HBV and HCV (40). In the recent study from Turkey, it was considered that CRF, dialysis, and chronic liver parenchymal disease with HCV or HBV infection might reduce the effectiveness of the body's immune system, which could allow dormant bacteria to become reactivated (42).
In our study, HCV carriers with a statistically significant positive correlation was present between MSSA carriage (p = 0.001). Staphylococcus aureus, which is an important causal factor for morbidity and mortality in patients on haemodialysis, is transmitted through catheter contamination with patients' nasal mucosa and hands of health professionals. Nasal culture should be regularly taken from both the patients and health professionals within the interval period. Characterization of the best anatomical sites in screening for methicillin resistant Staphyloccus aureus colonization. Study of methicillin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus and species of coagulase negative staphylococci isolated from various clinical specimens. The prevalence of nasal carriage methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in hospitalized patients.
QacA multidrug efflux pomp from Staphylococcus aureus: comparative analysis of resistance to diamines, biguanides, and buanylhydrazones. Frequency of HCV infection and its genotypes among patients attending a liver clinic and voluntary blood donors in a rural area of Pakistan. Increasing rates of nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in healthy children.



How to get rid of cut scars on hands zippy
How to get rid of fungal rash on neck newborn
How to get rid of sinus infection and bronchitis treatment
How to get rid of a rash on your hand


Comments to «Staphylococcus aureus nasal treatment»

  1. EMEO writes:
    Consider licorice may help goes away with primary medicine.
  2. Angel_and_Demon writes:
    Feeling depressed, so there's than i came in touch with will.