Buddhism in china 2013,the secret world weapon swap,the secret of life facing the giants lyrics meaning - How to DIY


China is officially an atheist state with one of the lowest percentages in the world of people who consider themselves religious. China has up to 300 million religious believers, according to a 2007 government-sponsored survey on spirituality and religion in China.
China will soon have the largest Christian population in the world, according to a government-sponsored survey. In 2010, China’s state-backed Catholic church ordained a bishop without papal approval from the Vatican.
China is home to an estimated 10 million Catholics, most of whom belong to the Patriotic Chinese Catholic Church. The transition of the foreign religion into a Chinese one was made easy especially by the ideal of charity and compassion of Great Vehicle Buddhism. Buddhism and its representing objects became part of the Chinese culture like dragons and chopsticks.
In an article published in the Great Britain-China Centre, Archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams, estimated the number of Protestants in China to be between 50-80 million. In 2007, China’s only authorized Christian publisher celebrating a milestone as the 50 millionth Bible rolled off their presses. China and the Vatican have not had official diplomatic ties since the 1950s, when Beijing expelled foreign clergy.


However, this doesn’t include several million more Catholics who belong to an underground Catholic Church, which accepts the sole authority of the Pope in Rome to appoint new bishops.
The monastery claiming to have been the first in China is the White Horse Monastery (Baimasi) near Luoyang. Both terms are quite similar to the Confucian idea of filial piety and the compassion of the ruler for his subjects.
Many similarities with Taoism made Buddhism look like another sect of Huang-Lao-Taoism; both religions have no sacrificial rites, believe both in immortality and operate with concentration, meditation and abstinence.
The early translations of Buddhist sutras all used Taoist terms to paraphrase the complicated construct of Buddhist metaphysical philosophy, like dao for dharma, bodhi, yoga, or zhenren as arhat, wuwei as nirvana, and ming as karma.
The power of spells and charms had a great attraction not only to Chinese peasants, but also for the foreign rulers in the north. Later translators were more cautious in translating Buddhist terms and sometimes did not even dare to translate it.
Looking at Confucianism, we see that this state doctrine is totally lacking the aspect of the spiritual world (except ancestor veneration), and it is quite understandable that people found a good way to meet their religious needs in Buddhism. Experienced translators of Tang Dynasty finally were able to define exact terms of translation: ji and lun, in our example. The first great time of Buddhism in China was during the Eastern Jin Dynasty, when the new religion entered the gentry class.


Disappointed and not more interested in governmental officials, the landowning class joined the Buddhist community. But also scholars, that were more interested in Taoism since the end of the Later Han Dynasty, became fond of the new religion, that gave both groups a stronghold in a time of ceaseless war. The Non-Chinese rulers of the Northern Wei Dynasty converted to Buddhism and saw themselves as personification of the Buddha. The maturity and great age of Buddhism in China was the Tang Dynasty when emperors spent their wealth to establish monasteries and sculptures in different Buddhist caves. But this age was not free of persecution, especially by Confucian oriented statesman that wanted to get rid of the foreign religion. The revival of Confucianism under the Song Dynasty caused the decline of Buddhism as a state religion.
But as popular belief, Buddhism is still very widespread, but highly mixed with Taoist belief.



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