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Successful interventions to avoid causalities and damage from natural disasters are hardly visible. This was one of the takeaways mentioned at the closing session of the Adaptation Futures 2016 conference that took place in Rotterdam, the Netherlands on 12 May. Coming from the COP21 climate summit in Paris where climate adaptation was fully recognised, next to decarbonisation of the global economy, the climate adaptation community spent three days in Rotterdam to collect new input for the next COP-meeting in Morocco in November. Over 1,600 scholars, practitioners, policymakers and business people from 107 countries attended this 4th biennial conference of the Global programme of research on climate change vulnerability, impacts and adaptation (PROVIA), and co-hosted by the European Union and the Dutch government.
Jos Delbeke (left) lifted a little corner of the new European climate adaptation strategy for 2030. Sharp decrease of causalitiesIn the closing session Christian Blondin, director World Meteorological Organisation reminded of the achievements by the climate adaptation community. Of course the news was still on the large amount of causalities but the low number compared to 1991 showed the effectiveness of the early warning system put in place by the Bangladesh government.
Rethink European adaptation strategyJos Delbeke, director general for climate action of the European Commission announced a rethinking of the European Union's adaptation strategy. Princess Abze Djigma of BurkinaFaso pleaded the European Union to stop with more pilot projects. No more pilotsDelbeke announced that the European Union development aid will 'be more coloured by the way we look at climate adaptation'.
From incidental, systematic to transitional approachThe final panelist to speak at the closing session was emeritus professor Ian Burton of the University of Toronto. Burton advised the climate adaptation community to be more critical on the current global development. The 5th biennial conference of the Global programme of research on climate change vulnerability, impacts and adaptation (PROVIA) was announced to take place in Cape Town, South Africa, in 2018.
Ayman Bel Hasan Cherkaoui, advisor to the environment minister of Morocco, finally invited all participants to COP22 in Marrakech in November 2016. The best-estimated cost of adapting to climate change in developing countries could rise to between 280 and 500 billion US dollar per year by 2050, a figure that is four to five times greater than previous estimates, according to the new Adaptation Finance Gap report by United Nations environment programme (UNEP). The new report with the latest figures was released at the Adaptation Futures 2016 conference in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, on 11 May.
Focusing on developing countries, where adaptation capacity is often the lowest and needs the highest, the 2016 Adaptation Gap Report examines the period up to 2050. While total bilateral and multilateral funding for climate change adaptation in developing countries has risen substantially in the five years leading up to 2014, reaching 22.5 billion US dollar, there will be a significant funding gap by 2050 unless new and additional finance for adaptation is made available. Negotiations on adaptation fundThe publication by UNEP of this new report relates strongly to the Paris climate agreement that calls for more information on adaptation needs, costs and finance. In the climate negotiations developing countries have always claimed donations by developed countries to a climate adaptation fund dedicated to fund projects in developing countries.
At the climate summit in Kopenhagen in 2009 it was agreed to establish a climate adaptation fund of 100 billion US dollar to be donated by the developed countries. Since its start in 2010, the Adaptation Fund has mainly relied on donations by European governments and has been able to commit 338 million US dollar to adaptation projects in 61 countries.
In 2014 UNEP published its first Adaptation Gap report warning that the 100 billion dollar costs to be a significant under estimate. With the latest financial data available the UNEP now estimates in this second Adaptation Gap report that the costs for developing countries to counter the effects of global warming will be about five times higher and amount to 500 billion US dollar by 2050. According to the new Adaptation Gap report presented in Rotterdam, the total bilateral and multilateral finance for climate change adaptation is steadily increasing, reaching 25 billion US dollar in 2014, of which 22.5 billion targeted to developing countries. Best assessment possible"The real climate adaptation costs should be the additional", said Anne Olhoff of UNEP DTU partnership when she presented the report in Rotterdam (on top photo). Barney Dickson, director of programmes at UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre, commented that the new report is the best assessment possible at the moment. Dickson admits that little is known about these often very local financial flows in relation to climate change. Gap only filled till 2020Based on the new report Dickson believes the gap is filled till 2020.
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has called on developed countries to provide 100 billion US dollar annually by 2020 to help developing countries mitigate climate change, and adapt to its impacts, such as drought, rising sea levels and floods.
Although the Paris climate agreement calls upon a commitment by the parties to such a fund, no agreement was reached on the type of funding that needs to be mobilised to fill the gap. Reacting to a changing climate makes economically sense as investments now can save on future damage repairs.
Climate adaptation is a never ending process that in the end can only be successful if it is based on a long term strategy.
This question dominated the plenary discussion that was initiated with a keynote by Dutch Queen Máxima in her role as UN special advocate for inclusive finance for development.
Dutch queen Máxima called for opening up financial services to the poor enabling them to recover more quickly from natural disasters.
Opening up financial servicesIn her keynote Queen Máxima (on top photo) focused on the special circumstances after a disaster. Key role for telecom sectorAccording to the queen the telecom sector holds the key and she mentioned the example of a weather based insurance.
CEO Feike Sijbesma of Royal DSM felt uneasy to take up the role by business socety to solve climate adapation problems where governments cannot.
Urgency to decarbonise global economyIn the following plenary debate CEO of the Dutch chemical multinational Royal DSM, Feike Sijbesma clearly felt uneasy as the business representative that should bring the solution to climate adaptation. Sijbesma emphasized the importance to meet the mitigation goals first and quickly start to decarbonise the global economy. Hope on climate adaptation fundSijbesma did not want to worry too much about climate adaptation in the developed world. To illustrate the need for such a fund, Sijbesma mentioned the awkward situation Ethiopian farmers find themselves in today. The perspective of a higher yield in five years, does not overcome their current financial sorrows. Vulnerability linked to povertyRobert Glasser, special representative of the UN secretary-general for disaster risk reduction, called up on business society to step in quickly. Food production in West AfricaLaurent Sédogo, director of the West African science service center on climate change and adapted land use, brought in the pressing circumstances in West Africa. Sédogo praised the German government to support the creation of regional climate service centres in Africa for adaptive land use. Bring in insurance sectorWim Kuijken, Dutch delta commissioner and responsible for the coordination of the long term water management strategy in the Netherlands, challenged different interest groups to step in. The issue is not to break down silo's but to bring parties together and make them contribute to a higher goal, he contributed to the debate. Plenary presentation by Her Majesty Queen Máxima of the Netherlands, UN Special advocate for inclusive finance for development, at the Adaptation Futures conference, in Rotterdam, the Netherlands on 11 May.
Surprisingly the study also shows that even countries as the United States and the Netherlands have a certain conflict-sensitivity when their fresh water resources get depleted. Researcher Karin Meijer of Deltares presented the results of the study on the first day of the Adaptation Futures 2016 conference in Rotterdam, the Netherlands on 10 May.
First attemptDeltares, together with Clingendael Institute, analysed currently available data, models, literature to produce a map showing the countries with potential conflicts related to water scarcity. Researcher Karin Meijer of Deltares presented a world map with hotspots for water scarcity-related conflicts.
Real causal relationshipMeijer said that the current information is not adequate to identify those hotspots with a greater degree of certainty.
Improving maps of freshwater scarcityA better understanding of the relationships between climate change, water scarcity, food production, inequality and social unrest is needed. The research institute’s approach will, in addition to its existing close collaboration with the World Resources Institute (WRI), be combining its specialist water knowledge with the food models of Wageningen University (WUR) and the socio-economic and governance knowledge of the Clingendael institute of international relations.
Drought leads to crop failure, povery, refugees and overcrowded cities, social unrest, riots. According to Van Schaik it is mainly the poor who are extremely vulnerable to rising food prices. Both Meijer and Van Schaik underlined the importance to continu the study and apply water models to food production, inequality and social developments.
Dutch minister Melanie Schultz van Haegen of Infrastructure and the environment officially kicked off the international Delta Coalition at the Adaptation Futures conference in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, on 10 May. The governments of the Netherlands, Bangladesh, Colombia, Egypt, France, Myanmar, Indonesia, Japan, Mozambique, The Philippines, South Korea and Vietnam are joining forces to prevent floods and render urban deltas resilient against climate change. The Adaptation Futures conference is the first major international meeting since the Paris Climate Agreement in December last year and with 1,700 participants from 100 countries the largest ever organised around this topic. Raising awareness for specific issuesUrban deltas are at the forefront in the battle against climate change.
The second goal is to share know-how, experience, and best practices, protection is raised to a higher level in all the countries concerned.
Finally the coalition wants to achieving – collectively - national and international goals.
Waterminister Anisul Islam Mahmud of Bangladesh at the first ministrial meeting of the Delta Coalition. Tackling flood issues collectivelyInformally the Delta coalition started last year and a fine example of an achievement is the ongoing collaboration between Indonesia, Korea and the Netherlands to tackle flood issues in Jakarta. Clear focus on climate adaptation"Some people believe that climate change will wiped away one third of our country", said Anisul Islam Mahmud, minister of water resources of Bangladesh in Rotterdam. Logical economic investmentIn her opening address of the conference, minister Schultz emphasised the importance of climate adaptation.
This news item was originally published on the website of the Dutch ministry of infrastructure and the environment.
Pieterse advocated citizens to get more involved in the spatial planning of their neighbourhoods.
The Delta Coalition is to hold its first ministerial meeting on 10 May, also in Rotterdam that is part of the Adaptation Futures 2016 conference. Director Edgar Pieterse of the African Centre for cities advocated citizens to get more involved in the spatial planning. More intelligent urban growthPieterse advocated to build more on social capital and make it engage with the business community. Looking for local connectionsSeveral speakers at the conference warned for engineered urban solutions that solve only one issue.
Stop the madnessAs a landscape architect he also sharply disapproved the highways along the waterfronts of many US and Canadian cities.
Timing is crucial, he believed: "Wait for a big project to get defined and then organise a clash for subtleties by involving citizens, writers, artists and scientists". Kumaresh Chandra Misra, deputy secretary-general of the UN Habitat III conference told about adoption of the new Urban Agenda in Quito, Ecuador in October.
Be prepared for climate changeMisra advised cities to be prepared for climate change, rather than being responsive to disasters. At the closure of the conference Kumaresh Chandra Misra participated in a panel (on top photo) to wrap up the main findings of the conference, together with vice major Raisa Banfield (right) of Panamá City, Egyptian minister Mohamed Abdel Aty of water resources and irrigation, and Mozambique minister Carlos Bonete Martinho of public works, housing and water management. The conference took place in the former coffee warehouse Fenixloods II in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, where the seventh edition of the International Architecture Biennale Rotterdam (IABR) is being held till 3 July.
Two weeks ago 175 government representatives signed the Paris climate agreement at a record setting ceremony at the UN headquarters in New York.
The world seems determined to decarbonize its economy and to take responsibility for the effects of climate change. It is in this setting that 1,500 scholars, practitioners, policymakers and business people from 107 countries will gather at the Adaptation Futures 2016 conference in Rotterdam, the Netherlands from 10 - 13 May.
The conference is expected to provide new input to the global climate adaptation community in the post-Paris era. Adaptation Futures 2016 is the 4th biennial conference of the Global programme of research on climate change vulnerability, impacts and adaptation (PROVIA).
Right timeA big breakthrough of the Paris climate agreement is the recognition of the need to adapt to climate change, whether or not humanly induced. Floods, droughts, heat waves, loss of biodiversity and resources are all effects of climate change that are now recognized constrains for economic growth.
Politically the time is right to adverse these risks, and start implementating processes and solutions that lead to more resiliency. However, this is not a matter for governments and local authorities alone to develop climate adaptation strategies and programmes. Climate smart solutionsThis makes global conferences, such as the Adaptation Futures, so important.

Or smart engineered small river dams that not only deliver hydropower but also create reservoirs to act as a fresh water retention basins for irrigation. Wednesday 11 Maya—? Business day with round table and several sessions on business cases in the food-energy-water nexusa—? Presentation by Dutch Queen Maxima on access to financial services after a natural disaster. Friday 13 Maya—? Field trips to 13 places in the Netherlands related to climate adaptation, including the biggest Dutch multifunctional water storage, to a demo facility for temporary flood defences, to implemented projects of the Rotterdam climate adaptation strategy, to several projects realized as part of the Room for the River programme, to a subsoil fresh water buffering project to counter salt water intrusion, and, of course, a trip to the world famous Dutch large flood barriers.
The exhibition includes a wide variety of exhibitors, next to a:a—? Tool Shed where adaptation tools will be demonstrateda—? Project Expo that will display innovative and inspiring adaptation projects from a diverging range of countries.
Invited by the Macao Culture Creativity & Arts Association, the 18 m high sculpture will be on display in the harbor of Macao till 27 May. Dutch artist Florentijn Hofman designed the rubber duck for his 'Spreading joy around the world tour' in 2007. Hearts and minds of Macao peopleAccording to Hofman his extraordinary sculpture immediately connects people worldwide to their childhood.
The organizer, Macao Culture Creativity & Arts Association, hopes that the rubber duck will capture the hearts and minds of the people of Macao and inspire their cultural creativity. China tourThe Rubber Duck Tour China is part of the grand plan, which essentially is to display contemporary art in public to create a more open approach to art and public spaces. Dutch-Singapore supplier of sensor technology Optiqua announced an order from Vitens, the largest drinking water supply company in the Netherlands, to deliver a network of 80 EventLab sensors. The EventLab network will be part of Vitens' development of the world's first large scale real time water quality and water quantity monitoring system for their 9000 km long scheme of pipelines in the province of Friesland. This year Vitens intends to install a total of 200 sensors to provide a 24 hour per day real time insight in what is happening in its network. Real-time water quality data“It is our ambition to pro-actively inform our customers concerning issues in the network", explains Eric van der Kooij, project manager responsible for the development of the Vitens intelligent distribution network in Friesland. Network of optical sensorsAt the heart of the EventLab network is an optical lab-on-chip sensor with a generic sensitivity for water quality changes. Besides the network of sensors, the EventLab system consists of a data transmission infrastructure and centralised data processing and visualisation software where data algorithms continuously analyse information from the sensor network for abnormal water quality changes. According to Jos-Willem Verhoef, managing director of Optiqua, there has been an intense collaboration with Vitens on the practical implementation of our EventLab system in their water distribution system. KWR Watercycle research institute developed a 1:1,000 scale model of the Frisian water supply network to simulate underground occurances and test the data output of all sensors. Tested at demonstration siteSince two years Vitens uses 2,300 km of non-chlorinated water supply network as a demonstration site for the research and development of innovative technology, including the optimal use of real-time sensors with which to monitor water quality and detect leakages.
Several advanced water quality sensors have been tested, such as Optiqua's EventLab, but also sensors for water hammer and pipe burst detection. To locate events faster, a geographical operations dashboard is used to displaying customer interactions (phone calls, tweets) and changes in water quality and demand.
Investors from all over the world have already signed in for the Invest Tour along 14 stages in the Netherlands where startups in different sectors will pitch their business plans.
On 25 May the tour will attend the WaterCampus Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, where the spotlights will be on entrepreneurs and their innovative water technology products and ideas. Water Tech Fest is one of the stages of Startup Fest Europe, an official event of the Dutch presidency of the European Union on mobile, web, IoT, eCommerce, agritech, hardware, water, energy, digital health, navigation and robotics. A full day programme will offer the floor to inspiring success stories, but above all to matchmaking between entrepreneurs, investors and end-users.
Irrigating the valley of deathAccording to the organizers the 'valley of death' in the water sector is in need of some irrigation.
According to Gasson special events where inventors, investors and end-users meet, can help to bridge the gap.
The Hydrowashr can wash your hands in 15 seconds - and dry them - using 95 percent less water. Standups, startups and scaleupsAlex Berhitu, head of the organizing committee of Water Tech Fest and coordinator business development at Water Alliance, highlights the unique set up of the event.
There is still room in the programme for a few more ambitious standups, startups or scaleups. Inspirational eventThe event is part of the overall European event that will be kicked off in Amsterdam on 24 May in the presence of Tim Cook (CEO Apple) and Travis Kalanick (CEO Uber). Water Tech Fest is supported by FB Oranjewoud, the Province of Fryslân and the City of Leeuwarden. Nijhuis Industries has been awarded the contract for the design, delivery, installation and commissioning of the largest ever built flocculation-flotation system, to treat wastewater from an oil refinery complex in Kazakhstan. The flotation unit, NPF 1200 HX series, is the world record holder for treating the highest flow in a single prefabricated stainless steel flotation unit, still transportable by road truck. The unit will be built and tested at Nijhuis' production facility in Doetinchem, the Netherlands and transported by truck to Kazakhstan by late June.
High efficient plate packsThe system will be explosion proof and will work as a pre-treatment for a biological wastewater treatment system. The floating particles will be removed automatically and continuously by a scraper mechanism. The HX-version is a special designed range for low polluted waters which result in a high capacity per unit.
A standard compact dissolved air flotation (DAF) unit by Nijhuis, now available with an intelligent aeration system.
Latest intelligent DAF-systemsNijhuis Water Technology has built a long term experience with robust and efficient dissolved air flotation units for the treatment of waste water. The latest development is the Intelligent containerized flocculation-flotation (ICF-F) system based on a plug-and-play containerized solution, available in either 20 foot-long container or integrated with a flocculator and intelligent dosing control into a 40 ft configuration. In comparison to conventional sedimentation technology, the i-HRF is able to remove over 99 percent of algae and over 95 percent of oil and grease ensuring maximum protection of any post-treatment technology. 123 water professionals from 38 different countries received their MSc diploma during the closing ceremony of the academic period 2014-2016 in Delft, the Netherlands on 27 April. The Masters of Science graduates are now part of the Unesco-IHE alumni community of 15,000 water professionals. Zindoga received a check of 5,000 US dollar for his thesis on biological and chemical additives to improve the handling of facial sludge. Yorkshire Water signed a marine framework contract worth up to 100 million UK pound over the next five years. The four framework partners, Abco marine, Farrans construction, Van Oord and Ward & Burke, will undertake all marine civil engineering work by Yorkshire Water.
Between 2010 and 2015 Yorskhire Water already spent 110 million UK pound to create clean beaches and secure the highest possible water quality standard the designated bathing beaches.
Improve sewage outfall pipesThe four partners will install new sea outfall pipes, carry out site investigations and planned maintenance to improve existing outfall assets.
This type of work requires specialist marine plant and work vessels and commercial divers are often necessary.
The first of these framework projects is worth 7 million pound and involves replacing the long sea outfall at Wheatcroft in Scarborough which discharges consented waste water from the washing and processing of potatoes into the sea at Cornelian Bay.
The Dutch support programme for innovative African water projects, Via Water, secured funding for a project to develop a conversion kit for existing SanPlat latrine pits into a Biobed system that reduces the volume of the faecal matter. To reduce the volume of the faecal sludge, tests will be conducted using the Black Soldier Fly (BSF). The SanPlat is a simple plate that can be used to cover the hole in the ground of pit latrines making them potentially more easy to clean and maintain. Prototype developmentThe BioBed system builds on the impressive appetite of a Black Soldier Fly (BSF) larva that after about a month becomes a pupa and a black fly that only lives for 8 days. The first year of the project is a design and experimental period aiming at assessing the viability of the BioBed idea an develop a conversion kit that is accessible and affordable to the lowest income groups, especially in urban areas. The SanPlat latrine slab developed by Björn Brandberg of which some 4-5 million example has been sold mainly in Africa. Conversion kitFollowing this development phase, an implementation strategy will be developed and tested. The final phase is further development of the conversion kit and a roll out strategy for large scale application.
The targeted experimental area is a representative strip in Maputo, Mozambique, crossing three barrios. Profit making at all levelsIn order to secure sustainable operation the implementation will, from the onset and onwards, be applying commercial principles where profitmaking, at all levels, is seen as a success criterion rather than a limiting conflict of interest.
About Via WaterVia Water is a cooperation between education institute Unesco-IHE and development aid foundation Aqua for All, and is being funded by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign affairs. Its programme supports innovators in Benin, Ghana, Kenya, Mali, Mozambique, Rwanda and South Sudan, to get viable solutions for urban water problems to the next stage. His SanPlat System has gained acceptance all over Africa and some 4-5 million SanPlat latrines have been built in over 20 countries.
In Maputo, Mozambique, where the peri urban sanplat system was born, sanitation coverage now is close to 100 percent.
Research institute Deltares conducts a series of test in its new Delta Flume on the smart shaped Hillblock revetment block.
Hillblocks are designed to function as one and create water channels in the hollow space underneath the top layer. This allows the levee revetment to absorb the wave energy and reduce the run up, generating 30 upto 50 percent wave abatement. The stability of the Grassblock is tested on the dry side of the levees to withstand overtopping..
The Delta Flume can generate waves of up to 5 metres high, the largest artificial waves in the world. Hillblocks have already been applied at some places along the Dutch coastline and Deltares wants to further investigate its stability under severe wave conditions, especially in relation to overtopping. Therefore the stability test also includes Hillblock's versions, the Drainageblock and Grassblock.
The series of tests is to provide more insight for more efficient - less high - levee designs. Smarter levee designPaul van Steeg, a researcher at research institute Deltares, says that the initial results are promising and that the Hillblock is stable when subjected to relatively severe wave loads.
The Hillblock (top) showing the open space for the water channels, and the Grassblock (below) with an earth layer and grass. More resistance to overtoppingHillblock's latest block models, the Drainageblock and Grassblock, are also tested to withstand the monster waves of the Delta Flume. This Grassblock is specially designed to be applied on the top of a levee, both on the primary or dry side. Severe storms will wash away the turf and at that point the Grassblock will be exposed and act as the revetment.
Kasetsart University led by Faculty of Engineering, in collaboration with the University of Tokyo developed the ADAP-T Project to view water as a critical issue and also consider other pressing matters such as forestry, urban and sediment issues, into consideration and find an appropriate trade-off of adaptation plan for both policy makers and frontline officers. ADAP-T Project is a technical cooperation project which Kasetsart University is continuing from its preceding project called Integrated Study Project on Hydro-Meteorological Prediction and Adaptation to Climate Change in Thailand (IMPAC-T). About UsAbout UsWorld Vision is a global Christian relief, development and advocacy organisation dedicated to working with children, families and communities to overcome poverty and injustice.
Our WorkOur Work with ChildrenEverything we do has just one goal: the sustained well-being of children, especially the most vulnerable. Our ApproachesOur ApproachesEverything we do has just one goal: the sustained well-being of children, especially the most vulnerable. World Vision works around the clock to bring hope and relief to children and families whose lives are threatened in the wake of disasters.
Preference for more tangible, even profitable, investments has left many of the poorest people with next-to-no international aid to protect them from the heat waves, droughts, floods and storms that are predicted to worsen as global temperatures and sea levels rise. When US President Barack Obama announced a $3 billion pledge to a new international climate change fund, he made a point of highlighting how the money would help poor countries hit by worsening extreme weather and rising seas. Climate change adaptation - measures that protect people and assets, such as early warning systems and more resilient crops - has gained far less cash and attention than mitigation efforts, which aim to reduce planet-warming greenhouse gas emissions. The GCF, which is expected to handle billions of dollars in climate finance in the coming years, plans to help drive a larger share of international climate finance towards adaptation, according to its executive director. In sharp contrast, some three quarters went to mitigation projects, which aim to cut carbon pollution and raise investment in clean energy and forest protection. Wind or solar power projects, for example, can be funded with loans rather than grants and tend to be more attractive to business than providing community evacuation alerts or training farmers to plant drought-tolerant crop varieties. This preference for more tangible, even profitable, investments has left many of the poorest people with next-to-no international aid to protect them from the heat waves, droughts, floods and storms that are predicted to worsen as global temperatures and sea levels rise. Analysis by the Thomson Reuters Foundation using data from Climate Funds Update shows that countries judged to be most vulnerable in international rankings are getting very little adaptation funding per person, suggesting that climate finance is not being directed where it is most needed.

Alice Caravani, a researcher for the London-based Overseas Development Institute who works on the climate funds database, said the countries that are receiving very little may have problems absorbing money due to political instability or not having the right institutions in place.
Officials have also said it will allocate no less than half of adaptation funds to countries most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, including the 49 least-developed nations.
As climate impacts bite around the world, growing amounts of national budgets and private-sector spending are going to adaptation measures on the ground - but that work has not been supported as it should be by multilateral climate funds, said Cheikhrouhou of the GCF. The time is ripe for a shift, she noted, as knowledge has accumulated in recent years on how to effectively adapt to climate change, with measures like improving access to water and food supplies, constructing more resilient infrastructure in cities and offering insurance against extreme weather. Joyce Coffee, managing director of the Notre Dame Global Adaptation Index, said the GCF would need to give itself time to build the capacity of fragile states that are not yet ready to receive large amounts of international climate funding due to high political risk and weak government institutions.
Cheikhrouhou said that in countries recovering from conflict, for example, the GCF could work through organisations that meet its fiduciary, environmental and social standards, such as multilateral agencies or private banks. The best Eco-Business stories, jobs and events delivered to your inbox – daily or weekly.
Therefore we will also look what we can do more in the full cycle of disaster risk reduction, including prevention, emergency response and recovery". This announcement provided princess Abze Djigma of Burkina Faso the opportunity to ask the European Union to stop funding pilots in Africa.
Their claim is that poor countries hardly contribute to the global warming, yet they hit the hardest by the effects. In 2010 the World Bank released a study that indicated the cost between 2010 and 2050 of adapting to an approximately 2oC warmer world by 2050 is in the range of 75 billion to 100 billion US dollar a year. The definition of climate adaptation is differently used and the costs vary strongly depending on the methodology used and the assumptions made. A new study by research institute Deltares ranking countries on their potential of water scarcity-related conflicts, confirms this. Louise van Schaik, senior research fellow at the Clingendael Institute explained how water scarcity potential leads to social unrest and finally to conflicts.
This should improve the ability to identify countries where there is a risk of conflicts in the future, and allow authorities to take early action. It is here that the impact of water pollution, floods, salinisation, and limited availability of freshwater and sanitation is particularly high, while the urban deltas also generate money, have the most fertile soil, and accommodate increasingly more people. The first is goal is to garner wide international support and gain access to investments by multilateral (climate adaptation) funds. In addition, countries will be working together in the existing (as yet Dutch) Disaster Risk Reduction Teams. The subject of such a joint effort, involving collaboration among low-lying countries, was first brought up just a year ago, during the UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in Sendai, Japan.
As these cities expand to accommodate more people, they cause the loss of fertile river delta soil for food production. Is it possible to change the criteria and develop new models so more money becomes available for new infrastructure and connect them to services to make it work?”, he asked aloud, suggesting more smart integrated public-private investing. Director Adriaan Geuze of West 8 landscape architecture showed that even the Netherlands is not immune for the negative consequence of such one-problem-approach.
It can bring prosperity", said Kumaresh Chandra Misra, deputy secretary-general of the UN Habitat III conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development to take place in Quito, Ecuador in October this year. Never before in the history of the United Nations so many member nations, now at 193, agreed on a new treaty on the first formal day of the ratification process.
A place for actors to meet and bridge their different perspectives and jointly explore processes that lead to climate smart solutions, such as restoration of peat lands for fresh water supply that act as carbon sinks at the same time.
His first rubber duck, on display in Saint Nazaire, France, was the tallest rising to 32 m high. This way Vitens can anticipate on disruptions in the water supply, rather than wait for customers to complain. The network of EventLab sensors developed by Optiqua provides us with real-time water quality information, 24 hour per day, and thus gives us a tool to solve issues as they occur and to, if necessary, inform our customers in a timely manner", adds Van der Kooij. One of the plenary speakers, Christopher Gasson, publisher of the monthly magazine Global Water Intelligence, fully agrees. Next to water treatment, there will also be attention for extreme water efficient technologies such as Hydrowashr and Upfall Shower. Additional investors and launching customers are warmly welcomed, as well as anybody interested in innovative water technology.
The flocculation-flotation system will remove emulsified and dispersed oil along with suspended solids until the lowest possible suspended solids concentration is achieved.
The compact lamella plate pack has been designed to increase the separation area of the unit and ensures that even the smallest flocs are removed from the wastewater.
The unit is equipped with automatic sediment removal valves for removing any settled material. Holterman, CEO of Nijhuis Industries is proud to announce this new order, because the refinery consciously selected the DAF solution. According to recent research this fly, can convert fresh human faecal matter in latrines to virtually no volume. This includes the training of up to 20 social entrepreneurs that make a business out of selling the conversion kits. The neighborhoods the most congested and poorest settlements as well as richest' and best organized. He wants to use the tests to determine how stable the Hillblock will be when it is subjected to severe wave impacts. The large scale means that this study can produce a reliable impression of how the Hillblock behaves as a levee revetment. Hans Hill: "This block makes it possible to build a strong levee with a green natural look. When the blocks are placed alongside one another, a network of channels is formed below the top of the blocks. The Project outputs are expected to reflect Thailand's national strategy and action plans on adaptation to climate change.
The IMPAC-T project started in 2009 and ran for five years, aiming to develop an integrated data system of the Project's counterpart agencies for water related research. The degradation of Timor-Leste’s forests and water from climate change, slash and burn agriculture, population pressure and intensive grazing is putting intense pressure on the land.World Vision Timor-Leste is running two projects to help communities adapt to climate change. In fact the climate adaptation community has already achieved quite a lot and should give itself a pat on the back, once in a while. The investment in better weather forecasting has paid off and allowed to put early warning systems in place so communities are better prepared". He praised the climate adaptation community that the initial incidental approach with a new seed or a changed waterway, has now evolved to a more systematic and even transitional approach. Governments, institutional and legal frameworks are weak in relation to the magnitude of the issues.
How can one define an adaptation project that minimizes the effects of extreme weather events and, at the same time, can have a return on investment? Financial services can reduce this vulnerability and increase their ability to escape poverty. Very exciting is the development of new financial products such as weather based insurance schemes that protect small farmer households to weather related crop losses. We can train them to use the land differently but in the first year the yield will be less.
For instance by designing levees as an energy plant, widening our rivers by the creation of new recreational assets, or enforcing our dunes by construction of a car park underneath”. For example, there is no consensus about the role of climate change in the conflict in Syria and Yemen. Ironically the supermarkets - built on this fertile ground - face more costs as food has to be transported from further away. As an example he mentioned the building of the Amsterdam railway station in the late 19th century. If cities can agree on a development plan, they can welcome the estate sector and invite them to align their projects with this plan". That is very important in terms of levee design because it may make it possible to build lower levees. In addition, it reduces the amount of water overtopping the dike and so the Hillblock is a very appealing alternative to traditional levee revetment materials". Both Thai and Japanese researchers also developed several models and assessed the data for prediction of climate patterns in the future.
To identify appropriate adaptation measures for coastal, forestry, water, urban, rural, and sediment sectors (ST-2); 3.
One project in Aileu runs until September 2016 and another in Bobonaro runs until September 2017. He wondered whether it is time for a next step and put climate adaptation in a global context. This question kept the participants of the Adaptation Futures 2016 conference occupied on their second day. There is literature about both Syria and Yemen that states that water scarcity caused by climate change has contributed to the conflict. For the first time, we have a coalition at the country level, in which delta countries exchange know-how, experience, and ideas, directly leading to international agreements and national implementation.
When the construction is finished the enormous NPF1200HX installation will be shipped by road to Kazakhstan and quickly installed. The Hillblock has a synthetic roughness and so the amount of water overtopping the dike was considerably reduced". Bancha Kwanyuen, Acting President, Kasetsart University signed a Record of Discussions on the Project for Advancing Co-Design of Integrated Strategies with Adaptation to Climate Change in Thailand (ADAP-T Project). The main IMPAC-T counterparts, Kasetsart University, Royal Irrigation Department (RID), and Thai Meteorological Department (TMD) received the JICA President's Award in 2014 for the project's outstanding achievement.
Climate change adaptation measures in these projects include:Showing farmers how to grow nitrogen-fixing trees for shade and wind protection, mulch crops to increase soil fertility, establish compost pits and use organic matter from weeds and leaves.
What better than to ask the business society, holding technologies and able to introduce innovative measures much more quicker than governments. Insurances spread out the risk more evenly and reduce the financial hardship caused by extreme events. Small ponds and irrigation channels are built and slopes terraced to capture and store water and to halt erosion. We have to make changes so quickly that it can only be achieved by the dynamics of the market. Raised bed farming is introduced to avoid water-logging of crops such as maize, cassava, peanuts and sweet potato.promoting high-value timber and fruiting species to provide income. These include indigenous timbers such as teak, mahogany, candlenut and sandalwood, and coffee and fruit and spice treespromoting climate-adapted species that are resilient to climate extremestraining households in energy efficient technologies. Wood is still a cheap and popular fuel in Timor-Leste so fuel-efficient cooking stoves have been adopted. They also minimize the indoor smoke that leads to respiratory diseases in so many women and children.Regenerating forestsA key World Vision initiative is Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR) to regenerate trees and shrubs from the ‘underground forest’ of living tree stumps that remain in degraded forest areas. Seemingly bare hillsides may in fact contain seeds, living tree stumps and roots which can sprout new stems and regenerate trees, if given a chance.By carefully pruning and caring for the shoots sprouting from the stumps, FMNR breathes life back into the original land cover. Farmers are beginning to see dramatic improvements in biodiversity, forest cover and soil fertility. Projetu ida iha Aileu, sei la’o to’o Setembru 2016 no ida seluk tan iha Bobonaro sei la’o to’o September 2017.
Sasukat sira adaptasaun mudansa klimatika nian iha projetu hirak ne’e mak inklui:hatudu ba agrikultor sira oinsa mak atu kuidadu aihoris sira nebe fo nitrogeniu no proteje anin fresku, produs duut hodi hasae rai bokur, halo kompos fatin no sasan sira organiku husi duut no aitahan sira. Halo toos iha foho lolon ne’e introduz atu evita be estraga fini sira nebe kuda hanesan batar, aifarina, forerai no fehuk ropa.promove aihoris sira nebe ho valor as no fini aifuan sira hodi fo rendimentu. Ai maran sei baratu liu no popular tebes hodi sunu iha Timor Leste nune’e medida uja ai sunu ba tein fatin nian introdus ona iha Timor Leste. Biar nune’e rai molik sira iha foho lolon sei hamate fini sira aihoris nian, nebe sei kontinua abandona no fo risku liu tan maske iha oportunidade atu fini hirak ne’e moris hikas fali.Ho kuidadu didiak mak hamos nia sanak sira, husi nia hun, FMNR lori hikas modelu ida nebe garantia aihoris sira nia ejistensia atu kobre rai. Agricultor sira komesa hare ona improvasaun dramatica iha biodiversidade, ailaran tuan nebe buras ba dadaun.

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