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The previous Japanese ambassador to China, Masato Kitera, assumed office in December 2012 amid what he called "a dry and cold wind like that of the Beijing winter blowing between the two countries". Yutaka Yokoi took over the ambassadorship on Sunday when, in Kitera's words, "the warm sunshine of spring" is beginning to take hold. The foreign minister of Japan just paid an official visit to Beijing, the first after a four-year-and-a-half hiatus.
There appears to be an unannounced consensus that China-Japan relations have sailed past their most difficult time in decades and are on the mend, albeit slowly. It is thus understandable that well-wishers in both countries will place more expectations on the shoulders of the new diplomatic envoy.
Counting his time in Beijing learning Chinese, Yutaka has lived for more than 15 years in China, and, in his own words, "witnessed the entire process of China's reform and opening-up". While the prospects of a serious meeting between the leaders of the two countries remain slim, there is little an ambassador can do to make a substantial difference. The Japanese foreign minister's latest visit was the outcome of a shared feeling that the damaged ties should no longer be left unattended and allowed to further deteriorate. After they learned on the weekend that 38,000 places from Jiangsu's quota for university enrollment will be given to high school graduates from provinces or regions with meager education resources, the anger some people in East China's Jiangsu province have expressed is understandable, as they worry it will mean their own kids will have less chance of getting enrolled in good universities. Despite the promises from both the local and central education authorities that the enrollment rate for local students by universities will not drop this year, more needs to be done to convince local residents that the authorities are serious about what they say. The move to give more university places to students from provinces or regions with fewer institutes of higher learning is a bid by the central government to promote education equality by getting all provinces and regions to more equally share educational resources.
Nevertheless, there can never be too much caution in designing and putting into practice such a measure.
Of all the concerns that need to be taken into consideration, the primary one is that the interests of local residents should be well balanced.
Reforms concerning the enrollment of college students are no small matter, as they involve the interests of all families who hope their children will go to college. THE NATIONAL BUREAU of Statistics recently released the average salaries in various sectors last year. Those working in the financial sector still enjoy the highest average salary of 114,777 yuan ($17,572) a year, almost twice the average for all urban employees. The excessive liquidity and fluctuations in the securities market in recent years have contributed to the high average salary in the financial sector, as have fast growing credit loans and underground financial activities. If the current trend continues, it will not only widen the income gap, but also create bubbles, one of the biggest risks to the economy. It is time for the regulators to accelerate economic restructuring so that the real economy gets a bigger share of the cake. It is time to accelerate economic restructuring to get rid of these risks to China's economy. DIDI CHUXING, the domestic ride-hailing app developer and service provider, announced on Friday that it had received $1 billion from Apple. Apple has already derived huge profits from Chinese consumers, even more than in the United States. Meanwhile, Didi Chuxing not only gets $1 billion, but also a rare opportunity to enter the Apple chain.
RECENTLY, some patients complained that medical staff at a community health service center affiliated to Chongqing No 6 People's Hospital injected them with the vaccines that may not the ones they had paid for. The local authorities said the vaccines were the right ones, but some of the medical staff derived illicit profits and they are conducting further investigations. The scandal in March involving expired and improperly stored vaccines that were sold to hospitals throughout China dealt a severe blow to people's trust in the related authorities and any further incident might lead to widespread panic if not properly handled.
In order to prevent such panic, the authorities cannot afford any delay and must respond to people's questions as quickly as possible. The concerns around vaccines at the moment mean the authorities have to be completely transparent and be truthful in the statements they issue. Despite having claimed more than once that she wants to "preserve the status quo" in cross-Straits relations, she is yet to convince people that her party, which has long refused to acknowledge the 1992 Consensus that Taiwan and the mainland are both parts of one China, will give up pursuing the island's full "independence". The DPP's latest attempts to break the cultural bond shared by the mainland and Taiwan and seek "cultural independence" are a case in point. The island's "formal independence" is undoubtedly pie in the sky in the face of the mainland's unequivocal opposition, but the DPP's "cultural independence" campaign, if not seriously dealt with, may add more uncertainties to cross-Straits ties in the years to come. Playing the "cultural independence" card has helped the DPP win several key elections in recent years, including this year's leadership election, and Tsai's party is expected to make it a political priority after it officially assumes power. In effect, the tactic employed by Lee Teng-hui, the initiator of Taiwan's "de-Sinicization campaign," and his successor as the island's leader Chen Shui-bian has resulted in many young people having a misperception of history and a lack of national identity.
This already poses a grave challenge to the peaceful development of cross-Straits relations, as well as the future reunification of the mainland and Taiwan.
On the one hand, the ruling DPP will likely keep fooling Taiwan residents by equivocating about what will be done to maintain the "status quo".
As "torchbearers" of "Taiwan independence" propaganda, Lee and Chen changed "Japanese colonization" into "Japanese governance" and Taiwan's day of liberation into "day of suffering". After regaining the island's leadership after eight years, the DPP has embarked on the political containment of the Kuomintang, which painstakingly put cross-Straits relations back onto the right track by endorsing the 1992 Consensus during its eight-year rule.
Such "de-Sinicization moves" will become a ticking time bomb in cross-Straits exchanges and a major threat to regional stability.
The truth is, provoking the pro-independence mentality to distract public frustration toward Taiwan's poor economic performance, as Chen did before 2008, will get the DPP nowhere. The "cultural independence" trick will neither improve local residents' livelihoods nor steer the cross-Straits relationship in the right direction. The project is the largest of all cultural exchange programs signed between China and the United States, and it will not only have far-reaching influences on the global theme park market and the development of China's cultural and leisure industries, but also on the hospitality industry, cultural creation industry and other service industries in the Yangtze River Delta.
The Walt Disney Company had long had its eyes on the Yangtze River Delta, the most developed, most densely populated and most market-radiant area in China. In fact, China's theme park industry has been bucking the trend of worldwide sluggish spending since the outbreak of the global financial crisis in 2008.
However, the picture is not all rosy for theme park companies in China as there have also been failures.
Undoubtedly, the opening of the Disney theme park in Shanghai is a creative move - and will prove to be a milestone - in Sino-American cultural exchanges. And it is something that it will need to continue doing, as China's culture consumers, including theme park goers, are fast maturing. It is surely not easy to find the best business model to sustain a money-spinning theme park. Anyone in the entertainment industry will have to strive hard to create a unique experience for every customer if they want to succeed in the increasingly competitive Chinese market. The author is a research fellow at Literature Institute of Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences and the deputy chief of the Shanghai Dongfang Public Culture Evaluation Center. When China joined the World Trade Organization in 2001, it agreed to a 15-year transitional period during which other WTO members were allowed to apply the "nonmarket economy methodology" in anti-dumping procedures concerning China. Under this methodology, the trade officials of the EU Commission are entitled to estimate by analogy the domestic production cost and prices of export products, instead of basing their investigation on domestic market prices. The Chinese government argues that when the transitional period ends on December 11, 2016, the trade officials from the Commission will no longer be entitled to apply the nonmarket economy methodology.
Conversely, some lawyers argue that until the other WTO members grant market economy status to China in their national legislation, their anti-dumping investigators can continue to use the nonmarket economy methodology. To deny market economy status to China would be a strong political signal from the EU and could cause the deterioration of the warming political relationship between the two economies.
One of the main drivers of the market economy status debate is the fear of job losses in Europe's less competitive manufacturing industries. The author is president of the business-led international association ChinaEU, which is headquartered in Brussels.
Out of the members present, 546 voted against treating China as market economy, 77 abstained and only 28 members voted in favor. First of all, trade rules, anti-dumping and cost calculations are extremely technical and, to some extent, most European Parliament members are no different from passers-by on the streets in terms of their knowledge of the issues involved.
They are prone to be influenced by biased reports (bear in mind one of the widely-circulated reports on this topic is from a think tank based in the United States) and many of them have not set foot in China. Second, European businesses, especially those investing and trading in China won't agree with the parliamentarians who voted against market economy status for China. This means if the decision is made on the basis of one country one vote, the result will be far different from that on Thursday.
What's more, the majority of the members of the World Trade Organization have already recognized China's market economy status. Instead of closing its doors and imposing protectionism, the EU should recognize that more opportunities will occur as China continues to push forward its market-oriented reforms and open-up further. Both sides should admit each other's strengths and weakness with constructive, visionary and forward-looking attitudes. Since the second quarter of 2014, the appreciation expectation of the renminbi against the dollar in the market has been reversed to a depreciation expectation. The key reason for the reversal is that the effective exchange rate of the renminbi appreciated too fast from 2013 to 2014, which could not be supported by economic fundamentals. From the second quarter of 2014 till July 2015, although there was depreciation pressure, the exchange rate of the renminbi against the dollar remained unchanged. To show that the PBOC is determined to decrease its intervention and to facilitate the renminbi's inclusion into the special drawing rights reserve currency basket of the International Monetary Fund, the PBOC initiated a reform of the renminbi's daily opening price on Aug 11. On the one hand, the depreciation pressure was so strong that it seemingly was beyond the expectations of the PBOC. Because the PBOC had already given up the management of the daily price of renminbi vs the dollar, the new tool used to stabilize the renminbi's exchange rate was open market operations, which meant the central bank has to sell dollars and buy renminbi.
If the PBOC conducted open market operations only in the CNY market, the exchange rate spread between the CNY and the CNH markets would expand, which would bring about stronger pressure for renminbi depreciation. So, although without official acknowledgement, the PBOC was believed to be conducting open market operations on both the CNY and the CNH markets to avoid depreciation of the renminbi. However, if there is depreciation pressure and the PBOC does not allow this pressure to be released, there are certain costs.
The second cost of refusing the renminbi's depreciation is the shrinking of China's foreign exchange reserves. Although the valuation effect of the fluctuations of major currencies may have contributed to the shrinking of the foreign exchange reserves, my own calculation suggests that that could explain only about a third of the shrinkage.
In fact, the real loss of foreign exchange reserves may be much larger than the abovementioned number, if some market rumors are to be believed that the PBOC tried to hide the real amount of dollar assets it sold on the market.
However, due to concerns that monetary loosening would push down the interest rate spread between China and the United States and then further exacerbate depreciation pressure against the renminbi, the central bank has postponed RRR and interest rate cuts for a long time, which not only increases the downward pressure on the real economy, but also results in stock market fluctuations.
So if the PBOC continues to maintain the stability of the exchange rate against the dollar and refuses to release the depreciation pressure, the costs would finally become unaffordable for the Chinese economy. Last but not least, to avoid the downward overshooting of the renminbi's exchange rate, the PBOC should strengthen controls on short-term capital flows to avoid a vicious spiral between depreciation and capital outflow. The author is senior research fellow and head of the department of international investment, Institute of World Economics and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.
During a recent business trip to Copenhagen, I rolled my suitcase into the hall of the central railway station and followed the signs to find a restroom. With coin in hand, I looked around for a slot at the entrance, only to find tucked inside was a piece of paper that read, in English and Danish, "Credit card only". Five krone is about the average in Europe, but my most expensive experience was in Lucerne, Switzerland. That means the cost of using a public toilet in some places is higher than the average daily per capita income in some less-developed countries.
Interestingly, despite higher living standards and a sophisticated financial services sector, Denmark and Switzerland have fully recognized the market economy status of China, which generally lags behind in terms of the hygiene of its public restrooms, either on the street, at stations or at tourist attractions. On most occasions, users will be charged to use such facilities, even in places like McDonald's. What's more, many cannot speak European languages, although they can usually find a public restroom by following the universally recognized male and female figures used on most signboards. Europeans would be more welcoming if they make public restrooms cheaper to use, convenient to access, and use signage that included Chinese characters when necessary. I think I must be cursed with the ability to experience the bizarre and weird things that life has to offer - let's face it, as a journalist you're always looking for something that lifts a story above the mundane.
Back in London after a monthlong trip that included a first stay in Beijing and my umpteenth visit to Ho Chi Minh City, I'm looking back at some of the odder moments in what was ultimately a very successful and personally satisfying trip. I knew I'd get a friendly welcome, if the Beijing expatriates in my office here in London were anything to go by. I was inundated with suggestions of things to do, places to go, and obviously things to eat.
In this day and age of smartphones - and Beijingers seem to have them glued to their hands - photographing one's food before eating it seems to be the norm. But I had to stifle a laugh when the chef at our table, preparing to carve the duck, white gloves and all, offered us a photo opportunity before he set to work. What they don't warn you about in Beijing are the silent but deadly electric scooters and delivery trucks. Let me tell you, I almost died a million times before I got used to having eyes in the back of my head.
But I was impressed by the orderly flow of traffic on the wide boulevards, although one friend warned me that Chinese drivers had only had about 20 years to get used to traffic flow, "so lane discipline can be an issue". I know comparisons are odious, and the great thing about travel is experiencing a different culture in each country. I've always been a believer in the theory that the earlier a country is in its developing stage, the more family members are needed to greet or say farewell to a traveler.
So it was a pleasure to head for Thu Duc, about 30 kilometers outside the city, for a celebration of my wife's cousin's 50 years as a nun in the Benedictine order. There was a mass, and afterward a lunch in the grounds given by the family (it's a huge family - there must have been 40 or 50 members there). Then I needed to head for the bathroom, and when I asked a waiter where it was, he summoned a giggling novice nun to show me the way.
The world is watching China with great interest, and no little concern, as this great industrial nation embraces the next phase in economic and social development.
The Chinese economy is the second largest in the world and will become the largest in due course. Now, as we all experience the influence of modern communications technology, the internet in particular, and as social media and big data become so important in our lives, the Chinese economy is in transition toward a new balance, where service industries will become more important and the domestic economy will become more important compared with the historic reliance on exports. But the new economy - made up of companies of diverse nature - is not easily measured in terms of its progress or the performance of the companies occupying the service sector. The world has moved rapidly to a world of big data - the powerful computers and mobile devices that populate the world today can generate masses of data. Among all the progress going on around us, it is heartening indeed to see a highly innovative Chinese company taking a clear lead with technology development and application. BBD is playing a particularly important part in enabling deep and transparent analytics to qualify company data, which will be especially important in tracking new economy companies.
The new economy index recently introduced by BBD as part of the launch of its activities in the United Kingdom has been widely acclaimed as an important breakthrough, and it has special relevance to the tracking and measurement of the Chinese economy from old to new. As a businessman working around the world, I am very excited to see BBD extend its activities globally - and particularly happy to see a its operation in the heart of London's fintech sector. For those with sufficient knowledge of information technology, software and the latest technological developments in data handling, the discussion has shifted from big data to metadata.
Tao's work on developing and testing extremely sophisticated science-based algorithms has been highlighted in many publications, such as Nature News, MIT Technology Review and Harvard Business Review.
In a world where artificial intelligence and machine learning are racing ahead alongside developments in robotics and genetics, and where technologies converge and collide more than ever before, my sense as an observer is that BBD is an organization capable of helping to change that world to good effect. For the time being, global economics, finance, financial and risk management represent sufficient challenges for this young company. Companies such as BBD are already working with government agencies and academic centers to grapple with the dilemmas and difficulties of data ownership, data sharing, open data, and aspects of privacy and confidentiality. It was very interesting for me to meet Gao Jinkang, dean of the Law School at Southwestern University of Finance and Economics in Chengdu and hear of the dedicated work he and his team are doing in the field of big data standards and regulation.
In conclusion, working beside the young executive team at BBD, it is clear to see why they speak enthusiastically about their acronym standing not only for Business Big Data, but also building big dreams.
The author is a professor and entrepreneur in residence at the Judge Business School in Cambridge University. The whole world seems to be talking about the People's Daily interview on May 9 with an anonymous "authoritative figure", a one-and-a-quarter-page comprehensive review of the Chinese economy. The trajectory of China's GDP growth will stay L-shaped, instead of U-shaped or V-shaped, after it fell from an annualized 12 percent in 2010 to 6.9 percent in 2015, said the "authoritative figure".
The planned range for this year's GDP growth has been set by the government to be no lower than 6.5 percent.
It means the economy is probably at the turn of the "L", with its growth rate slashed almost by half, and it won't pick up for the next couple of years.
Third, a very serious concern with the country's soaring debt level as it poses a threat of "systemic financial risks". Deleveraging, or cutting down indebtedness, is in fact listed as one of the five tasks of China's supply-side reform for 2016.
Overseas observers say they see an inherent contradiction: Since the economy's recent growth was to such a great extent driven by debt, how could any effort at debt control not cause a deeper slowdown? Indeed, making state-owned banks swap their loans into equity ownership is only a way to reduce debt in the accounting books, and cannot be considered an elixir. A large-scale, campaign-style deleveraging effort is only thinkable by involving private capital. Chinese officials must have watched with jealousy the groups of the country's newly rich people touring abroad buying not just high fashion, but new houses and other assets, along with residential status and a second travel document. Yet how to work with people like them, by providing them with a duly protected new channel of investment, is an area in which China has yet to come up with a comprehensive plan in the many years since the door was opened to private capital in a limited number of industries and services.
Despite the comprehensive diagnosis of the economy's state, China has yet to come up with a comprehensive therapy, one in which private capital, or the people's financial power, is to play an indispensable role. Xi visited the offices of three mainstream media outlets, stressing the urgency and significance of embracing new media.
New media have expanded across China, with Jiemian and The Paper in Shanghai, Jiupai in Central China's Hubei province, and the Cover in Southwest China's Sichuan province.
According to a China Internet Network Information Center report issued in July, the number of smartphone users in the country is 620 million, which reflects the huge market for mobile reading. As more and more traditional media outlets direct their attention to mobile apps, uploading content from print editions to the internet alone will not be enough to draw readers and to shift to new media. Publishers should also use a combination of new methods to present news, because readers and viewers today demand more and varied information.
Therefore, journalists need to radically change the way they approach news, which essentially means the traditional media have to change the way they tell a story and train their journalists in new media skills. More importantly, the traditional media ought to make more effort to engage and interact with readers and viewers, who in turn can make greater contributions to the presentation of a story.
Tian Zhihui is professor of new media studies at the Communication University of China, Beijing. Recently President Xi Jinping made some strong statements that some in the West take to be contradictory. Exploring the temporal proximity of these two big ideas - which is unlikely a coincidence - may discern the depth of Xi's thinking. Regarding internet sovereignty, while it feels good to proclaim that the internet should be open and free and without the impedance of international borders or national controls, the world just doesn't work that way. Today, the internet facilitates massive financial flows and e-commence, on the one hand, and pornography, terrorism and all manner of crimes, on the other. The fact that some nations go further in regulating political dissent or religious diversity is simply a function of the differences among nations in how they regulate the physical world. I cannot say that, in an ideal world, internet sovereignty, with its restrictions, would be a good thing - but I do know that China's leaders hold the belief that regulating the internet is a good thing for the country, because they believe such regulations will help keep its society stable and thereby maintain a political system which suits China's current conditions and level of development. Regarding trusting intellectuals, Xi's instructions are obviously meant to alter the status quo. Nonetheless, Xi's emancipating words are vivid and energetic, and because they are expressed in multiple ways, their meaning cannot be missed.
Continuing, Xi advised officials to "take in constructive opinions and be more tolerant and inclusive even though some of them [intellectuals] are biased or incorrect", stressing that intellectuals should not be blamed or punished for expressing their opinions, and urging officials not to "interfere in the creative work of intellectuals so that they can concentrate on their work". Some Western critics think that Xi was reacting to Western criticism that China is becoming more restrictive.
Xi has set the bar high: Fulfilling the Chinese dream and achieving national rejuvenation requires reform and reform requires the creative engagement of China's intellectuals.
For quite some time, an increasing number of Chinese fashion designers have been, by invitation on many occasions, gracing the catwalks at international fashion weeks and showcasing an emerging, modern and dynamic Chinese fashion industry.
Haizhen Wang (a luxury womenswear label based in London), Xander Zhou (collections aimed at preserving traditional Chinese culture through fashion, based in Beijing), Masha Ma (whose recent collections have been featured in Vogue and Elle) and Uma Wang (Wang's eponymous label has recently showcased catwalk collections at London, Paris and Milan fashion weeks), to name but a few, continue to contribute to significant and sizeable global recognition of the talented and creative industry. And last month Shanghai-based fashion brand Arete Studio, only launched in 2013 by Jasmine Ting, was one of a few select brands invited to parade at the internationally prestigious Paris Fashion Week's AMF Paris Showroom. Most importantly it is increasingly the home-grown Chinese talents who are being invited to showcase their work and ideas internationally, often at major fashion shows in the fashion centers of the world.
The times are changing and turning into very exciting moments indeed for the wave of Chinese fashion designers. Such is the attention and achievement now associated with this emerging pool of young Chinese fashion design talent that only a month or so ago, White Milano, one of the most prestigious international fashion shows in the industry's calendar, carved out an area dedicated to young talents from the Chinese mainland.
This area was promoted with the banner "China Calling" and proved hugely popular among all attendees. The coalescing of a number of young, talented Chinese fashion designers will have accelerated international awareness of their presence. Beyond Milan, Chinese Academy of Art graduate Min Wu's work was first displayed at London Fashion Week in September 2015. But how to build on this international market exposure and make meaningful progress in the competitive area of global brand building? What we now need to see from these Chinese fashion pioneers is evidence of careful, considered international market penetration plans and brand building programs.
That said, collaboration, co-operation and learning from others should not replace each fashion designers' own talent and creativity. Above all else, young Chinese fashion designers should never forget that it is their mother country that has put them where they are and its unique history and heritage can shine through again and again in the visual appearance and symbolic imagery surrounding their latest designs.
The author is a visiting professor at the University of International Business and Economics in Beijing.
What some private enterprises now encounter in their domestic investment bids are not a "glass door" or a "swing door", but rather "no door", as Premier Li Keqiang said at the meeting. Statistics indicate that non-governmental investment has accounted for over 60 percent of China's total fixed-asset investment in recent years, and contributed more than 60 percent to the country's gross domestic product growth. Despite growing faster than the country's total investment over the past years, China's non-governmental investment has been decelerating since the fourth quarter of last year and its proportion to the total has also witnessed a decline. Forcible measures must thus be taken to push for the implementation of policies to create a fair investment environment and promote the recovery of such kind of investment, Li stressed.
The meeting also urged governments at various levels to optimize and adjust their non-governmental investment policies, treat State-owned and non-governmental enterprises as equals and improve the services for private investors.
Booming non-governmental investment has played an important supporting role behind the country's fruitful campaign to stabilize growth, adjust its economic structure and expand the job market over recent years, but such kind of investment has declined in the first quarter of this year.
Compared with State-led investment, non-governmental investment is more of a gauge of social capital's activeness and widely viewed as a weathervane of China's economic vitality and an important measure of the extent of its economic prosperity. In view of this, the State Council vowed a series of forcible measures to boost the sagging confidence of private enterprises to stimulate their investment enthusiasm.
China's top leaders have made clear that the country will unshakably encourage, support and guide the development of the non-public sector while adhering to a basic economic system led by public ownership.
Given that the 5.7 percent growth in China's non-governmental investment in the first quarter of this year is 3 percentage points lower than that in the same period last year, the targeted policies and measures rolled out by the State Council to promote the recovery of such investment will be of practical significance.
As early as 2014, the State Council promulgated a guideline document to give non-governmental capital, especially private capital, an active role in some key investment areas. The special supervision and the third-party evaluation vowed by the State Council meeting over the implementation of relevant State policies will undoubtedly exert pressure on local governments to improve their policies.
The United States is finding its regional hegemony in the Asia-Pacific contested as China whittles away the US' influence in its neighborhood. The most recent example of the expansion of Chinese influence relates to the sea boundary disputes with Brunei, Cambodia and Laos.
Australia, too, has opposed Chinese actions in the South China Sea, prompting Chinese Defense Ministry spokesman Colonel Wu Qian to call on Australia to "cherish the hard-won good momentum of development in bilateral relations". Many Chinese seem puzzled about Australia's position on the South China Sea and why it is not congruent with that of China. However, the Australian partnership with the US is a long-standing one, and one it is unlikely to give up.
Yet Australia's position vis-i??i??-vis the South China Sea is one taken by a friend of China, not a foe.
Countries continually seek to develop their defense capabilities, this includes forming alliances.
The proof of the pudding with regard Australia is in the contrasts seen relative to its security and economic interests.
But as friends, China and Australia can influence each other, not only regarding the South China Sea, but also on other matters of mutual interest - such as cyber security and terrorism. Undertaking cooperative projects, whether military, economic or cultural, is a way of growing reciprocal positive images. We also know that Royal Australian Navy frigates engaged in "live firing" training exercises with Chinese naval vessels in October 2015.
These are signs that this is not a Cold War type situation, but rather a more complex balancing of interests - economic and security - in the contemporary geopolitical context.
Australia, China and the US can cooperate in a triadic relationship to their mutual benefit without precluding other partnerships. The author is a professor and inaugural director of the Soft Power Analysis and Resource Centre at Macquarie University. The White House has officially announced that US President Barack Obama will visit Hiroshima on May 27, the first-ever such visit to the city by a sitting US president. The White House stated explicitly that Obama will not apologize for his country's atomic bombing of the city during World War II in 1945, and there is no reason for him to do so. Yet, it is quite likely the Japanese media and right-wingers will interpret a visit by the US president itself as an apologetic gesture, as they did when US Secretary of State John Kerry visited the city's Memorial Park in April.
World sympathy has often been with the victims of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
To be exact, it is the war of aggression the Japanese militarists launched at the beginning of the last century that is to blame for the bombings.
To the world's dismay, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has been trying to whitewash the violence and suffering the Japanese Imperial Army inflicted on the people of the countries it invaded.
The museum in Hiroshima provides hundreds of chilling exhibits and poignant artifacts about the bombing of the city without providing the context in which the US made the decision to drop the bombs. The Abe administration's lifting of the ban on its military fighting overseas by making changes to its pacifist Constitution has drawn strong reactions from its Asian neighbors. And the neighbors are right to feel uneasy, given Japan's attitude, its government's attitude in particular, toward its imperialist past. In such a context, it is not hard to imagine how Obama's visit to Hiroshima will be exploited by Japan's right-wing and revisionist groups in favor of their efforts to whitewash the atrocious crimes it committed in neighboring countries.
This will abrogate what the White House claims is Obama's mission of "pursuing the peace and security of a world without nuclear weapons".
The furor over the introduction of a charge to drive on a remote scenic highway in North China's Hebei province will probably come to end now the provincial price authority says the practice is legal and the money is duly collected according to regulations. Known as "China's Route 66", the 130-kilometer highway received more than 330,000 visitors last year, far beyond its capacity, according to officials in Zhangbei county. They claim the tourists have damaged the local ecology and environment and disrupted the lives of local residents, and the charge of 50 yuan ($7.7) per person will prevent the situation from worsening. Similar reasons were cited in 2013 when local officials in Fenghuang in Central China's Hunan province started to charge tourists an entry fee to visit the ancient town, despite complaints from tourists and shop owners. Turning a public highway into a fee-charging tourist site, not only sets a bad example for other places that happen to boast of similar resources.
Though Zhangbei officials said they would charge only tourists, a viable method is yet to be worked out to avoid the indiscriminate charging of all users.
When tapping their tourist attractions, local governments should take a long-term view and broad perspective by improving infrastructure facilities and their management capabilities. THE DEATH OF LEI YANG, a young man who died after being caught in a vice raid in Changping district, Beijing, continues to make headlines.
We do not know whether the police have told the whole truth because they have not provided any evidence to back up their claims. Of course, by answering questions and accepting interviews, the police have shown an open attitude, which is much better than the ostrich policy that authorities often resort to.
When someone dies while being questioned by police, a judicial investigation is needed to determine the circumstances.
While asking for the truth, the public hopes to get an answer not only about this individual case, but also about whether our public power is well regulated and whether people are well protected by the law. Winning the Philippine presidential election will be just the beginning of Duterte's new political adventure. It would be unfair to blame the current administration alone for the severe corruption, high crime rate, and widening income gap, which have long existed in the country.
During his two-decade term as the mayor of Davao, Duterte has succeeded in improving local security but not people's livelihoods.
That said, to significantly reduce corruption he will have to confront certain political elites, plutocrats, and oligarchs in Manila. For decades, photographer Pang Xiaowei has been shooting black-and-white portraits of Chinese celebrities, from Olympic gold medal winners to singers and film stars.
Pang started to snap celebrities in the movie business in 2002 to honor the 100th anniversary of China's film industry.
Most did not know Pang before friends introduced them, and he often only had three to five minutes to get his shot.
The difficulty of photographing an actor or actress is that they don't know how to be themselves in front of camera, says Pang, who was an actor in the theater for 10 years before taking up photography at age 30. He says he always loved taking photos for his friends, but only found his calling after seeing a solo show by Ansel Adams, a photographer from the United States known for his works in black and white. After the movie actor series, Pang was touched by Beijing's excitement during the 2008 Olympics and so began a Games champion series, which included 186 Chinese gold medal winners. It seemed like an impossible task, he recalls, because many of them lived abroad and out of the public eye. Fan Di'an, head of the Central Academy of Fine Arts, describes Pang's photos as a process of using film to reveal a person's inner self.
Pang is now working on a Peking Opera series, and for the first time will create portraits of well-known performers in color, although he will still produce a black-and-white edition.
He says Placido Domingo, the Spanish tenor, loved the Peking Opera photos he gave him as a gift when the two met in Beijing last year.
In the late-1990s, the "weblog" (mercifully shortened to "blog" early in its incarnation) vastly changed the way people grappled with the emergence of the internet, particularly in the West.
Fast-forward two decades and a new force has undeniably taken hold of the modern internet: social media.
Nowhere is this more pronounced in scale than in China, whose 688 million internet users is more than double the population of America. How does this affect the realm of fashion, particularly as big brands look to engage with the world's largest market? By posting photos and discussing their sense of style, the most followed users are considered to be powerful "key opinion leaders" who can make or break trends - and it's little wonder that most brands are clamouring to collaborate.

Many Western fashion bloggers have tended to focus on themselves, generally on their personal style through a standalone blog or via daily selfies on platforms such as Instagram; they're often well-connected in the industry, too. But who are these powerful digital influencers, who have millions eagerly awaiting their daily posts? A relative newcomer to the fashion community, Fujian Province-born Fang Yimin was initially a political reporter and then a film reporter at Nanfang Daily. Many people say you are a fashion blogger, but others think you are more like the "we media". What do you think about the trend for traditional media practitioners to transform into fashion bloggers? I think there are advantages for media practitioners to be fashion bloggers, because we know how media operates and we write well - we know what our readers are interested in.
One of the most influential fashion bloggers in China, Ye Si, better known as Gogoboi, is a front-row fixture renowned for his witty commentary. Actually, I think what I am writing is not a novel or prose; it's not a literary creation, so I don't need inspiration.
Apart from reading press releases, how do you ensure you know the biggest news in the industry every day?
Among all your posts, what is the breakdown of paid promotional articles and hard-core fashion reviews? Flamboyant Beijing-born fashion icon Han Huohuo (huo means "fire") worked for the Chinese editions of Cosmopolitan and Marie Claire.
Several years ago, Scott Schuman's photo of you on his famous blog The Sartorialist ended up all over the internet, helping fuel your rise to fame.
Peter Xu is considered a "key opinion leader" in the Chinese fashion scene; a stylist, magazine columnist, TV host and a former rapper, the Jiangsu Province-born entrepreneur, worked as marketing manager for L'Ori??i??al in Shanghai, before starting a Weibo account.
You're quite different from many fashion bloggers on Weibo and WeChat who came from a media background - you used to work in marketing and education.
I think the biggest challenge was to transform my ability to talk and act in motion with still words and images - and at a high level of quality. I would buy a shoulder strap from Fendi's Strap You collection, because bags with wide straps will be very popular this year. Many influential fashion bloggers have expanded into other areas such as TV hosting, acting and modeling.
I want to do something related to the career development of young women, because I think women in their 20s are confused about their career development. Development assistance for Africa from traditional partners has mostly focused on how to best use the continent's natural resources. Carlos Lopes says Africa faces some serious problems and may need to lean on China's friendship and goodwill to complete the leap to industrialization. But with China having become Africa's leading trading partner, an opportunity has arisen for a new model. China's journey to industrialization was often used as a reference point during a recent, weeklong forum on domestic resource mobilization that brought African planning and finance ministers and analysts to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Still, Lopes says Africa is facing some serious problems and may need to lean on China's friendship and goodwill to complete the leap to industrialization.
Second, China has addressed much of its infrastructure needs and it will soon reach overcapacity. Third, rising labor costs in China will force out factories that are still in the lower value-addition level, making it necessary for them to move.
Africa is by no means the only option open for China, as other Asian countries offer similar options. The companies sometimes fail to deliver on time because of power cuts and a poor transport network that makes cross-border trade expensive. Africa overall continues to record slow growth despite harboring industrialization ambitions. Progress can be determined through the degree to which African countries are diversifying their economies from a dependency on minerals.
Lopes blames this on government inertia in prudently using the rich proceeds that have come from commodity markets in recent years to build other sectors. He says that's why narratives such as "the African Renaissance" were coined and now are in doubt because they were based on the beliefs of others and the fragility of the global market. It's clear that China's waning appetite for Africa's commodities has had an impact on Africa's export sectors. Agenda 2063, agreed to by African heads of state, aims to optimize resources for the benefit of the continent's people.
It is a comprehensive strategic plan for the socioeconomic transformation of the continent over the next 50 years. UNECA released several reports during the one-week forum in Ethiopia, providing empirical data to enable leaders and foreign investors to make informed decisions.
But when the financial crisis and the subsequent economic recession hit his coal business, he decided it was time for another change and he fixed his mind on making wine. He named the vineyard Rongzi Chateau after a local woman who it is said to have made the first wine in China about 2,700 years ago.
The soil and climate in Xiangning are all favorable for grape growing, but to ensure the success of his vineyard, Zhang invited Kong Qingshan, a top grape planting scientist at the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, and Jean-Claude Berrouet, a world-renowned French winemaker to be consultants, and he imported advanced wine making and storage equipment from France, the United States, Australia, Italy and Hungary. The chateau includes a temple memorializing Rongzi and her son, a wine museum, a business school, a school of Chinese studies, a hotel and several exquisite parks. He has also donated about 62 million yuan in recent years to assist more than 300 college students from poor families and build agricultural water conservancy projects, roads and schools in local poverty-stricken villages.
After his wines started wining some prizes in Europe three years ago, Zhang began receiving orders from the US, Thailand, Macao and Hong Kong, and his sales revenue was 20 million yuan in the second half of 2014, when Rongzi wines were first launched.
According to Vinexpo, an international wine and spirits exhibition established in 1981 in Bordeaux, France, wine consumption started rising markedly in China in 2005.
A vineyard of Rongzi Chateau in Shanxi province, North China, where their roots can grow meters deep into the soil on the loess plateau.
When talking about his more than 20 years working as a coronary artery and carotid artery surgeon, Liu Peng, 55, said that he felt sorry for his family as he seldom has any time to be with them due to his schedule of five or six operations a day.
Having studied cardiovascular operations in Japan and carotid artery operations in the United States, Liu said that the workload of Chinese surgeons is about 10 or even 20 times that of their foreign counterparts, but they are paid much less. As far as the relationship between doctors and patients is concerned, Liu said that thorough communication is a necessity between the two parties.
It happened five years ago, when he had a patient who was suffering from Marfan Syndrome and needed to be operated on for a chance to survive.
With an increasing number of disputes between doctors and patients occurring and medical workers usually turning out to be the disadvantaged party, very few top senior high school students are choosing to take up medicine nowadays.
Liu will not allow his assistant to do an operation on his own until he has assisted at a minimum of 50 operations for fear that a slip of error by his assistant may possibly get him involved in a dispute with a patient. The 36-year-old harvested 400,000 Chinese cabbages from his 100 greenhouses in late March, bringing in a fortune of more than 2 million yuan (about $307,000). This year, An plans to add six hectares of farmland by renting land from local farmers at the price of 15,000 yuan per hectare to his current 13.8 hectares.
With repeating tests, An created a planting model - planting garlic sprouts, Chinese spring cabbage and watermelons in turn in a year.
An went to markets to do research and found Chinese cabbages weighing between 2 kg and 2.5 kg are most popular among buyers.
An's desk is packed with books and papers on rural economy, ecological agriculture, laws and rural policies. He registered his land as a family farm in 2013 and began using a quick response code last year. Wang said a professional farmer has to have not only planting skills, but also the ability to manage a rural business.
The country needs a new-type of professional farmers who can integrate modern elements such as science and technology and machinery into agricultural development to farm the large expanse of land left by rural laborers who poured into cities, as was cited by Minister of Agriculture Han Changfu on March 5 at a national meeting.
Shandong, a major agricultural province in China, will be able to cultivate 500,000 professional farmers by 2020, according to Shandong agricultural bureau. An will open a company that provides services such as packaging in the second half of this year. Professional farmer An Liang (right), inspects his cabbages with a local official at his greenhouses near Jinan earlier this year.
Once a daily sight on every British street, a dwindling but resilient band of milkmen still go out at the crack of dawn to deliver bottles of fresh milk to the nation's doorsteps. The overwhelming majority of milk used to be sold at the front door until the supermarket revolution all but wiped out this very British institution.
But by selling more than milk and embracing the Internet, the few thousand remaining milkmen, including Neil Garner, have breathed new life into the cherished tradition.
The 57-year-old has driven his milk float - an electrified, open-sided delivery van - through towns and villages in the dead of night since 1994, placing glass pint (half-litre) bottles of milk on the doorstep ready for when customers wake for their morning cereal and cups of tea. It's not just breakfast staples like tea bags, bread, butter, eggs and bacon that Garner now has on the back of his float. In 1980, 89 percent of all the milk bought in Britain was delivered to the door, according to trade association Dairy UK. At the depot in nearby Watford, milkmen load up crates, containing 20 one-pint bottles each, before heading into the cold at around 2 am. Garner's no-frills electric milk float is slow and exposed to the elements, but the brisk walker likes the ease of hopping on and off for his 200 to 250 deliveries. The early drops are in pitch darkness, Garner needing a torch to find his way up the garden paths. Some customers leave rolled-up notes with instructions such as "no milk today" or "one extra pint, please", but most now go online. A pint of milk, typically 50 pence ($0.70, 65 euro cents) at a supermarket, costs 81 pence.
He relies on the few other people around to check his timing, including a man he sees getting on his bicycle each morning.
The last delivery is done at 7:30 am, before Garner returns through rush-hour traffic to unload his empties at the depot. Not Eddie Platt, a British expatriate who single-handedly took on the scourge in Marseille, the southern French city where he took up residence in 2010. The idea is simple, if not particularly sexy: Participants post selfies on a social network - Facebook, Instagram or Twitter - each time they pick up a piece of litter and put it in the rubbish bin. Ten tonnes of rescued rubbish later, the effort has cyber fans around the world from Buenos Aires to New York, and TV and newspapers are hounding Platt for interviews.
In fact Platt shot his founding litter-binning selfie in Leeds' sprawling Roundhay Park, one of Europe's biggest city parks.
The Yorkshireman says he does not self-identify as green but simply as a concerned citizen.
One Sunday Platt - who has only an approximate mastery of French - led some 350 Marseillais on a climb up the city's tallest hill, topped by the imposing basilica Our Lady of the Guard, for a clean-up operation. Platt is hard to miss with his infectious smile, greying beard and backwards baseball cap, not to mention his towering height - he is six foot three (1.90 meters). Legre, who says he is "100 percent Marseillais", specializes in "viral marketing" and set Platt up with his social networking tools.
Platt has had a varied career, working as a restaurant manager in England for "about 10 years, to make some money", then as a sales rep for a high-tech firm, before training to teach English abroad. When it comes to growing its investment in China, what Mark Wiseman, president and chief executive of the Canada Pension Plan Investment Board, has in mind is China's share of the global gross domestic product. Wiseman, who manages one of the world's largest pension funds with total assets worth $215.7 billion at of the end of 2015, intends to match the fund's presence in China with the share of the Chinese economy in the world, which will represent somewhat between 25 to 30 percent of the global GDP by 2040. The CPPIB has deployed about $10 billion investment in China so far, which accounts for about 4.3 percent of the fund's total assets globally, he said. He said he intends to grow the fund's investment in China significantly in the coming years by tapping into the rise of consumer demand and building up cross-asset portfolios that cover sectors including real estate, logistics, infrastructure and private and public equities market.
One of its recent moves in China is the $500 million cornerstone investment in Postal Savings Bank of China Co, which is planning an initial public offering. The CPPIB also manages an investment quota of $1.2 billion in the Chinese equities market under the Qualified Foreign Institutional Investor program. What is your assessment of the Chinese economy and how will the economic transformation in the country affect your investment strategy? We are looking at the big trends, including what is happening to the demographics and to the rise of consumer demand and how is the economy shifting away from inefficient State-owned industries to having a larger proportion of economic growth coming from more highly productive service sector. What sectors in China do you want to increase the fund's exposure to and what sectors do you plan to exit?
How do you see the volatilities of the Chinese stock market and the way the government stepped in to stem the market rout? Is there any Canadian experience on the pension fund reform that you think China can learn from?
We are very lucky in Canada that in 1997 there was a fundamental reform of the national pension scheme, which was led by then finance minister Paul Martin who tried to put in place a system that will be sustainable for generations. I think it is better to start earlier to look at the structure of the pension system and understand that you want to be in the position to support the retirees for a long period of time. The good news is that China has time given its economic growth and the profile of the population. What is the difference between managing a pension fund and managing a regular investment firm? In many respects, we operate like an investment company because we have one client that is the national pension system. We know very clearly our job is to make risk-adjusted return in order to pay the pensions of the 19 million people. Germany's ranks of small and medium-sized enterprises, especially so-called hidden champions, have been key to drawing more Chinese investment, and the trend shows no signs of abating, according to Hermann Simon, one of the country's most influential business thinkers.
Hidden champions are often market leaders, either worldwide or within the continent they are based in, with revenues below 5 billion euros ($5.55 billion). Simon, chairman of Simon-Kucher & Partners, a global consultancy firm founded in Bonn, says Chinese investors, unlike some US firms, see acquisitions in Germany as long-term strategic investments. An Ernst & Young report in February shows Germany was the most attractive destination in Europe for Chinese investment last year, with 36 acquisitions. Simon, 69, believes this trend will continue thanks to Germany's many hidden champions, a term he coined to describe relatively unknown SMEs that are the backbone of a nation's economy and have for many years sustained Germany's leading position in exports. Many German SMEs are leading niche markets globally and are valued below several billion euros, he says, which makes them natural targets as the majority of Chinese acquisitions in Europe are limited in size, and Chinese industrial companies have a strong sense of affinity or preference for German SMEs. China is one of few nations with so many entrepreneurs that understand the concept of hidden champions, Simon says.
One prominent example he cites is a Chinese chemical products owner whom he met during a recent visit to Shandong province.
On another occasion, when Simon was giving a presentation in Shanghai, he noticed the hidden champions concept was met with great interest. There is a largely positive attitude in German business circles toward Chinese investors, according to Simon, who says that, unlike some US companies that acquired European enterprises and focused on maximizing short-term gains before looking to offload them again, Chinese buyers tend to see such purchases as strategic investments. The Chinese investment in Germany is less aggressive compared with the Americans, he says, adding that Chinese buyers in Germany behave in a moderate and reasonable way.
Simon acknowledges there is concern in Germany about more Chinese investment pouring into the country, but says: "When General Motors took over Opel in 1929, or Ford built a huge automobile plant in Cologne in 1930, people said we would be dominated and conquered by the Americans, and that we would be a colony of the US.
He believes Chinese investment can bring advantages for both sides and refutes the notion that Chinese companies are simply trying to extract know-how from Germany to transfer to China. In addition, he says, Chinese investment means German SMEs can gain a "stronger capital base" and access to the Chinese market.
Simon, who in an online poll by Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung newspaper was named the second-most influential management thinker in German-speaking countries, says German SMEs are in general becoming more open due to internationalization.
Although he believes Germany's hidden champions can be excellent role models for Chinese companies, Simon says most would still prefer to avoid a takeover if possible.
They combine specialties in products and know-how with global sales and marketing, and serve the target markets through subsidies.
They are massive innovators, and the effectiveness of their R&D beats that of large companies by a factor of five. Their greatest strength is their closeness to customers, while their strategies are value oriented, not price oriented. According to Zhai, one of the reasons is that "China soon will become the largest source of travelers" for France outside Europe.
Outside Europe, China was France's second biggest tourist market in 2013 after the United States, with 1.7 million visitors and $681 million of revenue, Xinhua News Agency reported. Currently the major museums in Paris provide instructions in Chinese, and Zhai said the conditions are still being improved.
French Foreign Affairs Minister Laurent Fabius said in August last year that "the goal we have set with our Chinese officials is to quickly reach 5 million (Chinese tourists)". Zhai noted that the French side has responded proactively by offering more convenience to Chinese tourists.
Welcoming 84.1 million tourists in 2014, France confirmed its position as the world's most visited country.
Zhai noted that in the past, the United States and Japan accounted for a major portion of the travelers, while the number of Chinese tourist has surged rapidly in recent years. The ambassador said that the country faced great security challenges last year, including two deadly terrorist attacks that shocked the world. Last year, Beijing worked closely with Paris to make the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Paris a success. Zhai said he was impressed last November by the unbeaten French spirit and the country's commitment to hosting such an event after a deadly terrorist attack that killed more than 100. Although the number of Chinese tourists going to France dropped after the attacks, it was a minor dip compared with other countries, Zhai said.
The ambassador said the services provided by France for Chinese travelers have been improving, while "public security remains an issue" as cases of theft and robbery targeting Chinese travelers have been reported frequently. Due to the large number of Chinese tourists, the number of such cases is daunting and this indicates "a demanding task for the consular protection staff of our embassy and consulates", Zhai said.
Zhai noted that the French have made progress in boosting public security, including increasing cameras to monitor downtown areas and strengthening police patrols. But he thinks major improvement will not be achieved overnight because of the quickly rising number of Chinese tourists. Cao believes respect can be earned, and families will remember the good service, which is the result of years of practice. His workplace, Changshu Crematory, employs 10 cremators and cremates about 10,000 bodies each year.
He is also satisfied with his salary, saying that the pay, more than 100,000 yuan ($15,300) each year is "above average in Changshu".
Charmed by a painting of Hong Kong's Victoria Harbor on the wall of his parents' sitting room in Dublin, Ireland, young Goff didn't know he would later be in charge of the place that gained China a spot in the Lonely Planet's list of world's greatest bookshops. He is talking quickly in the Beijing Bookworm, boxed in a building with notable pink walls outside, while inside red lanterns hang high from the ceiling and great music floats in the air. Hailed as one of the most beautiful bookstores in the world by many international media, it has been a "home away from home" to many. Goff's efforts not only include being hospitable to customers and partners, and being passionate about books, he has to "be innovative" as he's managing brick-and-mortar bookshops in the digital age. The community-based Bookworm has year-round programs, and an annual literary festival that just wrapped up on Sunday. This year's Bookworm Literary Festival featured 180 writers and thinkers from 30 countries in 300 events. In the past decade, Goff has witnessed China become "more accessible than ever before" and with an increasingly attractive publishing market. Calling China "one of those major countries an international writer can't miss to visit", he advised writers to come in with open eyes and open ears, taking in as much as they can.
Goff was born in 1968 in Dublin into a family that "had no connection with China" besides that painting in the sitting room.
After graduation with a degree in journalism from Rathmines College in 1992, he worked for several newspapers that brought him to Africa and central Europe. He then arrived in Beijing "with no friends and no relatives here", stationed somewhere in the Haidian district where he studied Chinese and got an apartment before looking for a job. Beginning in 2002, he and Alexandra Pearson, daughter of a British diplomat, started to manage a big English language book collection that became the foundation of the current Bookworm. Goff went to Chengdu, Sichuan province, to develop a Bookworm branch in 2006, and later another one in Suzhou, Jiangsu province, in 2007. Goff took over part of Pearson's responsibility as she left for home in 2013, and since then has been based mostly in Beijing.
And though he doesn't travel as much as previously, he still chooses to go to literary festivals around the world, including his top holiday destinations of Toronto, London and Jaipur. I'm looking for people who write stories that are based in today and really reflect young Chinese writers' experiences of the society they're living in. People around world still have more historical views of the country-based on the movies and books they have experienced. I always come in at lunchtime at the Bookworm, and in the afternoon, do some organizational work with the team. Investment is a personal and lonely experience, but becoming a startup entrepreneur can be even lonelier. Wei Min, founder and CEO of Yunhuo Technology, says people tend to overestimate their ability when they have a successful career path in a big company. The one thing I don't like about it is the fact that I seldom have the time or money to enjoy things.
I live in a seaside villa in Hong Kong and I own a yacht, so it's not that I don't have the money for five-star hotels. Also, most people who enjoy a good start to their business tend to underestimate the difficulties that lay ahead. I was born into a fairly ordinary family in Dalian, which is on the northeast coast in Liaoning province.
So far, I've invested about 10 million yuan in the initial development of the app, and I expect to spend another 30 million yuan on marketing. Our app is a platform that brings together job seekers and local employers looking to fill part-time positions. Although this life is much harder than just going sailing on my yacht, becoming an entrepreneur is a lifestyle full of challenges, charm and growth opportunities.
Zhuo Qiang has been involved in wildlife conservation in Kenya for five years, but he says he still gets odd looks from locals and tourists when they see him reinforcing bomas, which are predator-proof cowsheds used in the Maasai Mara's Ol Kinyei Conservancy. He has thereby developed broad personal connections with Chinese officials, including Foreign Minister Wang Yi reportedly. His experience in and with China should prove conducive to better managing the fragile and volatile relations. On the contrary, his special profile and expertise is a precious asset for handling the tricky relations at such a sensitive juncture. Local people need to be kept well informed about how their chances of sharing good education resources will be affected by the adjustment in quotas.
Thanks to the lack of transparency about the move, they have enough reason to believe that their own interests are being infringed on. Education equality should not be achieved by the shifting of educational resources in favor of the some regions at the cost of those in the other ones.
For example, the domestic A-share market experienced ups and downs in 2015, in which process some speculators made enormous profits but enterprises involved suffered huge losses. This is also risky as many non-private companies are monopoly State-owned enterprises or governmental agencies. By making such a large investment in the company, Apple is sending a clear signal it has confidence in the Chinese market and high expectations for the Chinese economy. Didi Chuxing has good technology that has enabled it to take a leading role in China's market, and, in doing so, it has also collected ample big data about Chinese consumers. Their cooperation might change the balance in China's internet market and give rise to a number of changes. In the Chongqing vaccine incident, authorities did quite a good job by allowing patients and children's parents to witness and supervise the whole process. On the other, the new education authorities, along with other pro-independence forces, may double their intervention in school education and distort historical facts in textbooks, with the aim of separating "Taiwan history" from Chinese history. Several textbooks even outrageously claimed that some Taiwan women "volunteered" to work as comfort women for Japanese soldiers before and during World War II.
It also eyes promoting "independence" as the "only right thing to do", disregarding the island's true history.
Should they manage to solicit public support, it would deal a heavy blow to the ideological foundation for the future reunification and the shared interests of people from both sides. The mainland, on the other hand, is confident and capable of safeguarding its sovereignty and territorial integrity, and will not sit idle while Taiwan's separatists seek to cross the line. The opening of the new site helps consolidate Disney's position as one of the world's top three theme-park companies, and the operation in China is even likely to significantly avert the decline of the multinational's global business. First, it provides a large, comprehensive entertainment platform for the Chinese public to get a taste of US culture.
Many tourists from the Chinese mainland have already been to a Disneyland, whether in Hong Kong, Orlando, Tokyo or Paris. Such venues make up only 30 percent of the entire operations of the Walt Disney Company, with the remaining 70 percent distributed across movies and their derivatives, and the media, of which media networks account for 40 percent.
In the short term, there are concrete risks of retaliation from China that would cause the EU economies serious pain and uncertainty about the end result. A wise decision would be to adopt a forward looking political approach, whereby granting China market economy status could be used by the European institutions to strengthen dialogue with the Chinese authorities in support of the business activities of the EU companies in China. It is however time for the EU to reflect on why its ability to compete with other economies is getting worse in many sectors. On the contrary China and Europe should work together more closely in the future and for the future. They don't know the reality of the Chinese economy or that market-oriented reforms are still being advanced. But statistics indicate that more than 80 percent of European businesses in China are profitable.
Although there are no official figures, more than half of countries in the European Union, including the Nordic countries, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Germany, Luxemburg and those from central and East Europe are prepared to recognize Beijing's market economy status. And if it is improperly being taken as a key part of EU decision-making, the EU will be taking the wrong path. Meanwhile, the renminbi's real effective exchange rate - the weighted average relative to a basket of other major currencies, adjusted for inflation - appreciated 57 percent. In that period, the renminbi was still largely pegged to the dollar, and the effective exchange rate of the dollar appreciated very fast due to the end of quantitative easing and expectations of interest hikes. The intervention tool of the People's Bank of China was the management of the daily opening price of the renminbi against the dollar.
The key point of this move was to let the daily opening price of the renminbi against the dollar be more determined by the closing price of the previous trading day.
On the other hand, the PBOC began to be criticized because the renminbi's depreciation was thought to be the critical factor, which caused turmoil in both domestic and international financial markets.
Moreover, as a result of renminbi internationalization, there are two renminbi exchange markets now, the CNY market (onshore) and CNH market (offshore).
Instead of asking whether the PBOC should let the renminbi depreciate, we ought to examine whether we can afford the costs of renminbi stability.
The logic is, if there is a continuous depreciation expectation of the renminbi against the dollar, both residents and nonresidents will want to exchange their renminbi-denominated assets into dollar assets, resulting in capital outflows. From the second quarter of 2014 to the second quarter of last year, the accumulated financial account deficit was $200 billion.
By the end of January, the reserves were $3.2 trillion, indicating that the scale of this reserve had decreased nearly $800 billion from its peak. If depreciation pressure persists and the PBOC continues to conduct open market operations, it is possible that China's foreign exchange reserve could drop below $2.5 trillion by the end of 2016. According to monetary theory, if the PBOC can't control capital outflow and continues to maintain exchange rate stability, it won't be able to implement independent monetary policy.
However, for a large economy like China, independent monetary policy should be considered more important than maintaining a stable exchange rate.
Although China's goods trade surplus was $578 billion in 2015, the reason for the huge surplus was not the good performance of the export sector, but rather the very bad performance of import growth. Weak external demand was one reason behind the dismal export growth, and the strong appreciation of the renminbi's effective exchange rate was another important reason. So the sooner the depreciation pressure is released, the better for the PBOC and for the Chinese economy. The government also should consolidate regulation to minimize the potential impact of depreciation, such as the bursting of dollar-denominated debts of Chinese enterprises. It wasn't hard, and when I eventually arrived I was required to pay 5 krone (75 cents US; 65 cents euro). Fortunately, I had a card with me, and I was quickly allowed in without the need to enter a pin number. In some outlets, if you eat there, a password to gain access to the restroom will be printed on the receipt. For many, especially elderly Chinese, who don't use credit cards, there is a potential cultural shock in Copenhagen. At the very least, they should simply stick to the universally accepted figures for men and women. Students and fast-food delivery boys tend to run them without lights in darkness, to squeeze the maximum range out of their batteries. On the highways leading out of town, "lane discipline" indeed seems to be an issue, if not a remote concept.
But considering Vietnam and China, centuries ago, shared a common alphabet and a number of cultural things, the difference when you fly from Beijing to Vietnam is huge. Leave Ho Chi Minh City's Tan Son Nhat International Airport and your senses are assailed the second you step outside the customs area. No matter what time of day or night, the concourse at Tan Son Nhat's main terminal is heaving with people.
That workhorse of family and small business life, the motor scooter, dominates the scene, weaving in and out of the cars, trucks, buses and light vans. The choral background to lunch, by a group of novices, was charming - but it was the karaoke-singing Buddhist monk that grabbed my attention, crooning a song, in Vietnamese, that urged listeners to examine their spiritual inner selves. Next up was a Benedictine friar who delivered a monologue of jokes, again in Vietnamese, all of which he assured us could be found in the Bible. Already, the manufacturing share of China's measured economy has reduced from more than 50 percent to less than 40 percent, while the service sector has developed consistently from less than 40 percent to stand now at more than 50 percent. The speed and effectiveness of the transition of the Chinese economy to a new and stable status is not easily tracked, either.
But data is not information in its raw form, and a big data and financial technology industry has emerged rapidly to seek to make proper sense of the data and provide useful and usable information for governments, companies and other organizations to use in effectively understanding and managing economies, companies and, indeed, people's lives.
Many companies - more every day - populate the fintech sector in great centers of financial management and investment, such as London.
Business Big Data, a company based in Chengdu, is fast developing a global network that provides governments and businesses with cutting-edge commercial data services enabling improved decision making using big data across worldwide business functions. But it has far wider implications for those seeking to measure the performance and effectiveness of new-economy companies and for those considering investments. More sophisticated ways of turning raw data into useful and useable information are becoming available.
His translation of the book Big Data: A Revolution That Will Transform How We Live and Work has been widely read in China.
I recall the comments at a recent London seminar of Shen Minggao, an eminent economist with a track record at Peking University, Stanford, with Chinese government organizations and as chief economist for Citibank China.

Organizations such as the Open Data Society are seeking to guide practitioners toward definitions of best practice and adherence to common standards. Since the BBD head office is in Chengdu, we can be encouraged to believe that constructive and innovative approaches will emerge and that international collaboration will be encouraged.
There are semiofficial sources saying the interview could have been based on things said at the very top of the Chinese leadership. Despite some positive figures among the data about the general economic performance in the first quarter, the "authoritative figure" said he didn't see an "auspicious start" to the year, as some cabinet officials had claimed. In fact, as the interviewee said, the nationwide growth rate is unlikely to plummet even without increasing financial stimulus from the central government.
That, as seen by some overseas observers, made the People's Daily's stand on the Chinese debt problem resemble what George Soros - the international financial capitalist known as the "man who broke the Bank of England" - said earlier: that China could be at the top of a debt precipice comparable to the one the United States tumbled off in 2008. Now that half a year already has passed, at least some action should be taken during the remainder of the year, as the interview suggests. Or, to sustain the economy's growth rate while tightening up the credit line can be done only by relying on more private spending and private investment. It is only in one or two industries that state-owned enterprises are faced with worthy competition from large, privately owned companies. Speaking about how to promote the convergence of traditional and new media, Xi says the media should pay attention to both convergence and management, and ensure media convergence advances in the right direction.
The first impact of new media on the traditional media is the loss of readers, resulting in falling circulation. User-generated content has become a vital part of news production, and citizen journalism is today an accepted fact. Therefore, the traditional media should adopt creative mobile strategies to meet people's fast-changing appetites.
They need to adopt methods like visualization and virtual reality to effectively present an event. User-generated content is a source that editors should pay more attention to, because citizen journalists have been responsible for breaking quite a bit of news. On the one hand, Xi called for "internet sovereignty", so the Chinese government can regulate what its citizens can and cannot access online. The more deeply the internet becomes enmeshed in the economic and social fabric of contemporary life, the more intensely nations are extending their regulating powers so that the rules of the actual world apply in the virtual world. As all these are (and should be) regulated in the physical world, it was inevitable that as they have become more consequential online, they would also become more regulated in the virtual world. While one person's "regulation" is another person's "censorship", there is nothing unusual going on here.
There is something about current conditions of intellectuals that, for the good of China, he wants to improve. Party and government departments, the president said, should trust intellectuals and create a favorable environment, so that they can exercise their talents and develop their careers. Reform means change; change means doing things differently, and doing things differently means criticizing the way things are done now. To harmonize the temporal proximity of internet sovereignty and trusting intellectuals should be to recognize that maintaining collective political stability and unleashing individual creative power are simultaneously essential as Xi seeks to actualize his grand vision for China. Sonja Long Xiao, founder of the Shanghai-based concept store Alter, was invited to organize the display of many rising Chinese fashion designers such as Nicole Zhang, Chen Yi Yuan and Shushu Tong. And rising Chinese star Guo Pei followed up her success at the Met Gala in New York last May with a debut appearance in Paris in January during Haute Couture Week. A coherent strategy with a detailed target market profile per country or region and a clear, valued and unoccupied market position are fundamental to any sustainable success overseas. The decline in the first quarter marks the first time in years China's private investment has grown slower than the country's total investment. That means the country has not changed its previous policies and efforts aimed at creating a good environment for the non-public sector. China should ensure the legitimate status and fundamental interests of private investors from a legal perspective.
However, the recent declining momentum of such investment shows to a certain degree that the relevant policies and measures have failed to be fully implemented. Any barriers artificially set for such kind of investment should be removed and relevant persons should even be held accountable. Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi reported on April 24 that these members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations had agreed to follow individual paths of bilateral negotiation with China. Australia and China already have good relations so they do not understand why the two countries cannot see eye-to-eye on security matters such as this? Australian policymakers will no doubt be watching nervously, as will their European counterparts, to see if Donald Trump's presidential campaign pronouncements to revisit the US' strategic architecture, might translate into policy if he ends up occupying the White House.
While Australia is a major shareholder in the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank its ally, the US, has fought shy of joining the AIIB. Australia cannot coerce China to acquiesce to its stance, nor has it the intention to do so. And China will join the US-led multinational naval Rim of the Pacific exercises off Hawaii in June and July 2016.
Yet, they are also victims of Japanese militarism, something the right-wing groups in Japan constantly try to shun.
Such an omission reveals, to a large extent, how the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki are viewed by quite a large percentage of Japanese. But the Obama administration that voices peace on other occasions has remained largely silent about such moves by its enemy turned ally.
In fact, the local government was forced to revoke the fee in April this year as it drove away potential visitors and seriously hurt local businesses.
It also goes against the trend encouraged by the central government to make more roads toll free to cut logistic costs and facilitate unrestricted flow of goods and services. Focusing on earning quick money with such fees is simply killing a goose that can lay golden eggs. The police claimed he suffered a heart attack when trying to resist interrogation; but they failed to provide any evidence to support their account. More importantly, even if Lei resisted, that's no excuse for his death while in police custody. The police are one of the parties involved, so they should not be investigating themselves. For example, in an interview with China Central Television on Wednesday, they said they recorded the raid with a cellphone and they would "publicize the video at the proper time". He has to deliver on his promises to voters while dealing with a slew of tricky challenges at home and abroad left by outgoing President Benigno Aquino III. Often compared to the pugnacious US presidential candidate Donald Trump, Duterte did manage to persuade many Philippine voters, who are desperate for "a change", to believe that he is the long-awaited game-changer.
More important, leading and managing the whole country will be totally different from running the city, especially for the new president who lacks political resources in the capital. In addition to celebrities, he also focuses on ordinary people, as seen in his latest show in Beijing. It took him nearly four years to frame more than 1,000 famed faces, including actresses Gong Li and Zhang Ziyi. But he did it, and the series was later extended to include winners at the 2012 London Games. For his latest show, which closed on April 3 at the National Art Museum, he aimed his lens at craftsmen, residents and even the boys of a visiting chorus from Saxony in Germany, a cultural project initiated by A. Whether it was a personal diary or a round-up of the coolest links, blogs served as a great way to navigate the modern world and the then-unmapped World Wide Web.
Globally, an astounding 92 percent of people online have at least one account on a social network, according to the latest figures from research institute GlobalWebIndex (GWI). For blogging in particular, Weibo, launched in 2009 as Sina Weibo, has remained an influential platform in the country. Social media-based fashion bloggers and "we media" (roughly, grassroots reporters of news and social trends) have become wildly popular in China, particularly in covering the luxury fashion industry. However, a key difference in China is that most users make their debuts on social-media platforms such as Weibo and WeChat, gaining a tangible number of followers by discussing broader fashion trends, celebrity styles and entertainment industry gossip rather than their own looks.
In 2014, she launched her WeChat public account "Becky's Fantasy", focusing on clothing and personal style discovery. His first taste of fashion journalism was contributing to the lifestyle section of China's Weekend Weekly.
We are more attuned to the news and we can apply what we learn from the media on our own platform. First of all, I'm not good-looking enough for girls to go crazy for me, so I choose not to show myself online - I can identify with others when I see regular people showing off their selfies.
He undertook a series of jobs after graduation before landing a role as junior fashion features editor for the Chinese edition of Italian Grazia. Between the desire to say whatever you want to say and your readers' preferences, which one is more important to you? There should be no more than one promotional article and the amount of editorial content must be more than the promotional articles. His passion for fashion was sparked while serving as an editor for travel magazine Play+, when he began writing for its style section.
He contributes to Cosmopolitan, Madame Figaro and 1626, and has established his own studio which maintains close ties with top brands including Dior, Versace, Emilio Pucci and the Kering Group.
She initially worked for the Shanghai Morning Post reporting on international political news. Why do you choose to stay so low-key in such an extravagant, generally outspoken profession?
Needless to say, things have yet to look up," says Carlos Lopes, 56, an economist from the small West African nation of Guinea-Bissau who is executive secretary of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa.
First, China is betting on Africa's demographic growth, which presents a consumer base and sizeable labor force predicted to surpass China's in 50 years. The Asian country is its top trading partner, and a remarkable transformation is already taking place as Chinese investment is directed toward industrialization, which is creating employment for local people. Apprehension is rife over the ability of several countries to sustain their economic growth in the face of tumbling oil and commodity prices.
But Lopes is quick to note that President Xi Jinping's $60 billion announcement during the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation summit in South Africa last year gave the continent a boost.
It seeks to accelerate development of vibrant and inclusive economies that are integrated and connected through transport networks, internet telecommunications and common markets that promote free movement of people and goods. He spent more than 600 million yuan ($92 million) to create a 400-hectare vineyard and a 30-hectare park with chateau in the county. Rongzi's son became the Jin Kingdom's king during the Warring States Period (475 BC - 221 BC) and wine-making became popular in the region.
About 200 local residents work at the chateau, and more than 3,000 farmers from 22 villages work in the vineyard.
It more than doubled to 50 million yuan last year, and Zhang predicts the figure will hit 80 million yuan this year, as wine grows more popular in the country. For patients who have problems with their coronary arteries and carotid arteries at the same time, Liu tries to perform the two operations at a single sitting, which can reduce the risks of heart failure.
It took him five hours to successfully do both during a single operation on a patient in 2014, and he has done such double operations together on more than 70 patients since. Back in 2003 when Beijing was struck by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, the Sino-Japanese Friendship Hospital was designated as special medical facility for receiving SARS patients and Liu was appointed director of the Intensive Care Unit.
However, a medical material needed for the operation was not available at the hospital then. Whether the development of the overall healthcare provision in the country will see progress in the future and whether medical science will have bright prospects or not, is cause for concern.
Although caution is never too much when it comes to the safety of an operation, it is equally important for young surgeons to accumulate experience by performing operations on their own with the guidance of their teachers. A company based in Hainan has signed a contract with An to buy all of the melons he grows at a favorable price. After years of hard work in the city, An found life in the city not as good as he dreamed of. The future's looking bright," said Garner, the customer-nominated Milkman of the Year at Milk and More, the country's biggest doorstep delivery firm. He talks about his idea all the time, and he's really into social networking," says his friend Georges-Edouard Legre. But as he was hitchhiking in the general direction he blew in to Marseille, and it was love at first sight.
Some of its high-profile deals include the $314.5 million investment in China's e-commerce giant Alibaba Group Holding Ltd since 2011 as well as the joint venture it formed last year with China's largest residential developer Vanke Co Ltd to invest a total of $250 million in the Chinese real estate market.
Instead of looking at the short-term movements in the equities and foreign exchange markets, the fund focuses on the larger trends, including the shift of the Chinese economy away from the inefficient industries to the more productive private and service sectors, he said. By 2040, the expectation is that China will represent somewhere between 25 to 30 percent of the global GDP. Anything that is essentially attached to the Chinese consumers, directly or indirectly, is of interest for us. So the more long-term institutional investors with deep experience that are able to participate freely in the market, the less volatility and the greater degree of rationality that will be in the market.
It is because as investors are coming in and out, selling and buying, we keep our eyes focused on the horizon, which will allow us to find deep value. I think in many respects, we have an easier time managing our portfolio than either a private asset management firm that has many different clients with many different needs or a sovereign wealth fund where it is often not clear who the client is. To focus on his core business, the Chinese entrepreneur gave up a couple of businesses and as a result is now the world leader in three chemical compounds. The hosting efforts continued and more attention was paid to anti-terror and other affairs," he said. Many Chinese prefer holding high-end bags in their hands after purchasing them," he said, adding that another bad habit is carrying large amounts of money to pay by cash. Where we're trying to develop is through the community, where lots of events are organized," he said. Goff has also tried launching a magazine, plus holding a literary award and running a press. In previous sessions, Peter Hessler, Benjamin Zephaniah, Howard Goldblatt as well as home authors Mo Yan, Yan Lianke and Bi Feiyu were festival speakers. He said many of the writers from outside of China have arrived "with their own educational purposes". They are engaging in wider discussions over the years with topics like environmental awareness, a sense of self, of belonging and of social justice," he added. At that time he "caught the China bug", and was "struck by how dynamic China was as it was going through a period of such frenetic change" he wrote in a column in China Daily in 2015. A social community platform where people would come in, listen to music, eat nice food, just hang out and meet people from all around the world," he said. He developed a "hot and spicy" tooth there, and loves to take international writers to hot pot dinners even when they are in Beijing. He carried on the quake relief efforts until 2015, when he and the team handed over a school to the local authorities. I love its atmosphere, and bought a house there that I call my second home after Dublin," he said.
And there's all those issues they're dealing with: all the issues of urbanization, job pressure, relationship pressure, family pressure, environmental pressures, that all those different things coming together and all being seen on a daily basis.
It's important that those new things get out, not to ignore the great historical materials, but also have with that, contemporary material, contemporary writers who are young, energetic, charming, smart people.
The biggest threat to our existence every month is how to pay rent, how to raise money to pay for those flights for so many authors.
The people we invited to this year's Bookworm festival are some of my favorite writers: A Yi, Han Song, Yi Sha.
Yet there are so many unexpected difficulties that need to be conquered, and it can be a miserable life. To save cash, I fly economy and stay in cheap chain hotels that cost no more than 200 yuan ($30; 27 euros) a night.
I quit that job to start my own oil-trading fund, which in four years saw profits soar 480 percent. I set up two personal wealth management companies in 2012, but I eventually had to shut both down because I couldn't find the right talent. People tend to overestimate their ability when they have a successful career path in a big company. After its launch in mid-March, the number of the active customers hit about 10,000 within a week, which is a good start for a startup like us. It was the extravagant profits to be made in the financial and realty sectors that attracted huge capital out of manufacturing and marginalized it.
If they always enjoy higher salaries, it's not fair to their counterparts in private enterprises. Given the huge number of internet users in China, getting involved in the internet market in China will offer Apple a lot of opportunities to do business. But there are more questions that need to be answered, such as how the medical staff concerned got illicit profits from the process. Of course, it needs to keep a close eye on the DPP's "cultural independence" moves and nip them in the bud. And that Chinese elements have been assimilated will no doubt impart to it a distinctive character as the two different cultures are combined.
For them, the thrilling sensory experiences, moving stories and gorgeous costumes and scenes are no longer new. That 70 percent, however, provides an inexhaustible source of innovation for the group's theme parks. It would also threaten the positive outcome of the ongoing negotiations for a bilateral investment treaty and the potentiality to conclude an FTA between China and the EU - which, according to Commission estimates, could raise European prosperity by 250 billion euros ($282.71 billion). One of the reasons is no doubt the burden of too many EU regulations that hamper the overall ability to innovate and invest.
Cooperation with China on the fourth industrial revolution will be crucial if we want to keep European industry competitive and strong. The resolution, which is not legally binding, is intended to help the European Commission, the EU's executive body, make a final decision. If China is not a market economy, how are those European investors managing to survive, and indeed prosper, in the increasingly sophisticated market environment there?
Before August last year, the daily opening price did not equal the closing price of the previous trading day. However, because there was significant depreciation pressure on the exchange rate of renminbi against the dollar, the result of the Aug 11 reform was the sharp depreciation of the renminbi.
As a result, several days after the reform, the PBOC was forced to intervene on the foreign exchange market again.
However, the deficit increased to $160 billion and $200 billion in the third and fourth quarters of last year respectively. To make things worse, the fast shrinking of reserves may intensify depreciation expectations. Under current circumstances, the economic slowdown and the exacerbation of deflation pressure require the PBOC to loosen monetary policy by lowering banks' required reserve ratio or cutting benchmark interest rates. If the renminbi continues to remain stable against the dollar and the dollar continues to appreciate against other major currencies in 2016, China's export sector will continue to face downward pressure. And those who are thrifty will likely try to reduce the frequency of using public toilets in Switzerland. I remember a friend who told me that, although he can't speak English, he'd learned while in the UK to follow the sign that begins with "M" - as in men's - to ensure he went into the correct side of the toilets. So after polishing off the skin, pancakes, hoisin sauce and cucumber, I was a bit taken aback by being presented with the feet, and worst of all, the head, complete with beak.
The great strength of its industrial position has been built on leadership in manufacturing, mining and energy sectors. It was fascinating to spend time recently with the BBD team, including Senior Vice-President and Chief Risk Officer George Yuan and Chief Scientist Tao Zhou. Meanwhile, Yuan's research, developments and experience in the use of data in international financial management and understanding is acknowledged within the global financial sector. But if the corporations really are competitive, most probably they don't face the problem of a default. Consequently, advertisers have turned to new media and it is becoming increasingly difficult for publishers to survive, let alone make profits. The younger generation favors mobile devices and entertaining ways of storytelling, forcing the traditional media to focus on visualization and participative reporting.
For example, they have to find out what kind of content is suitable for mobile devices and what sort of presentation provides the best visual experience. And to shift to new media, publishers have to build a team of journalists who can make full use of new technologies and know how to combine them with objective journalism.
Interaction with readers and viewers is equally important as it can help editors focus more on what their target audience wants. On the other hand, Xi asked officials to "trust intellectuals, welcome their criticism and try not to interfere in their creative work". But Xi does set boundaries - "when opinions are well meant." By this he means he expects intellectuals to put the country and people first, uphold "the right path" and "not repeat others' words without thinking".
Officials should welcome advice and criticism from intellectuals and become their "true friends," he said.
I think the motivation lies in China's need for economic transformation and for solving a host of complex, interdependent problems that China's society faces. In the context that the country's economic growth is showing clear signs of a rebound, the first-quarter deceleration of non-governmental investment should prompt high vigilance from decision-makers. This despite US President Barack Obama urging ASEAN member states to stand together in dealing with China's South China Sea position only two months earlier.
The actions must be seen in the context of other balancing actions, notably economic and soft power actions. Australian national security interests have led to a rotational system of marines at the US base in Darwin. The dialogue was reported to have been upgraded at the end of 2015 in areas of counterterrorism, peacekeeping and senior personnel exchanges.
Both Lei's family and several legal experts have called for an independent probe into Lei's death. Portraits taken by Pang (clockwise from bottom left): Actors Ge You and Jiang Wen, actress Zhang Ziyi, Olympic diver Guo Jingjing, and tenors Placido Domingo and Jose Carreras. For instance, he shot Zhang as she rested during a break from making Purple Butterfly in 2003.
The latest GWI figures also show that since the emergence of WeChat in 2011, 64 percent of Chinese internet users across all adult age groups now use the service - and numbers are even higher (68 percent) for those from the ages of 25 to 44. After launching his Weibo account in 2010, a mix of traditional fashion reviews and images, he switched to celebrity style and quickly gained a huge following. Second, I can enjoy the freedom without being recognised when I go out to play ball and go shopping. Named to the Business of Fashion 500 list, he works across various platforms collaborating with top brands including Chanel, Christian Dior, Uniqlo and H&M. As his fame increased with a 2009 photo by American fashion blogger Scott Schuman aka The Sartorialist, he moved into TV hosting. You know, when Armani's show finishes, many people need to take a taxi and it's not easy to catch one. He photographs fashion shows and has shot for Vogue Latin America, L'Officiel, Luisa Via Roma, Farfetch, KTZ and others. And when I was a teacher, I had a huge student base, with some classes consisting of 500 students.
In 2007, she started her Sina blog and in 2011 opened her WeChat public account-the Shiliupo Report, featuring style news, dressing tips and Hollywood gossip. Already, Ethiopia and Rwanda are beneficiaries of light factories dealing in leather and textiles. The grant is a lot of money and for it to be spent in three years, the absorptive capacity needs to be thoroughly worked on.
The great number of patients they treat provides Chinese doctors, those in big hospitals in particular, with more than enough opportunities to accumulate clinical experience, but China is not the right place for doctors wanting to make a lot of money, Liu said. To save the life of the patient, Liu proposed that the family directly contact the producer to get the material and they did so.
He needs to train someone who is as skillful as he is and as dedicated to the work as he is to take over from him.
We look at opportunities in sectors related to the growing middle class and the growing consumer demand driven by the private sector as opposed to the State-owned sector.
We want to make sure that we understand the risks and we are able to get compensated appropriately. But you also have a population in terms of structure that is going to be disproportionally old as a result of the one-child policy. It's an honor in many ways, because China is a wonderful country with an incredible past and a really exciting future. I don't mind, whatever way works for a bookshop to keep still open, I'm very happy to do that.
It's about this generation of Chinese youth, where they're going to, what problems they are facing, how they are moving out into the world. I've become much more mature and gained a lot of valuable business management experience from my two failures. When I saw the news in 2014 about Chinese e-commerce company Alibaba listing in the United States, I was amazed by its achievements. Then, without ample investment, manufacturing had to give up technological innovation and continue to produce low value-added products. And more than 60 are under construction, which will make China home to the world's largest number of theme parks.
Second, it will change the structure of the Chinese market for theme parks, as it will lead to a redistribution of customers, which, in turn, will force theme park operators to upgrade their products in order to compete.
Of the 30 percent that is generated by its theme parks, revenue from admission fees makes up only 30 percent, with the other 70 percent coming from visitors' spending in shops and restaurants inside the park.
According to the Mission of China to the EU, more than 80 countries, including New Zealand, Australia, Peru, Chile and Association of Southeast Asian Nations countries, have already granted China market economy status.
There would probably be fewer dumping disputes if European governments proceeded with the necessary structural reforms. History has demonstrated that dialogue and cooperation overcome misunderstandings and reduce distances.
Therefore, the PBOC could offset the depreciation pressure by pushing up the daily opening price persistently.
The reason for the worsening capital outflow was that, after the Aug 11 reform, depreciation of the renminbi was aggravated, not mitigated. If the pressure is too significant, both economic growth and the labor market will suffer serious setbacks.
The authoritative tone of the interview, and the issues and the space it covers, made it clear enough that it should be taken as a piece of guidance on the policy level.
If it is from the top leadership, as some readers speculated, then what it represents is a requirement on the policy level - cut the debt level, by whatever means. Information technology devices allow readers to access information without the limits of time and space, further reducing the attractiveness of the print media.
Publishers' mobile-device strategy will, to a large extent, determine the success of their shift to new media. Because if China's best and brightest feel that they cannot do their best, cannot be creative, cannot criticize - if they feel threatened, if they fear - the whole enterprise will suffer. But the Northern Territory's economic interests have led to Landbridge, a Chinese company, winning a 99-year lease valued at $506 million, to operate the Port of Darwin.
He tells them to wear what makes them comfortable, "to be who they are in daily life and be natural, very simple". From the spotlight-shy to the front-row darlings, read on for our rare interviews with six of the most game-changing forces in China's modern fashion world. Her WeChat platform (inspired by the Hollywood film Confessions of a Shopaholic) was named The Most Influential WeChat Public Account in 2015 by Chinese media. He writes columns for a variety of Chinese fashion publications, including Elle and Cosmopolitan.
I don't need to worry about people judging my outfits, saying, "How can he, the fashion blogger, dress like that?!" Of course, when attending fashion events, friends in the circle all know me - and that's enough. On his Weibo account, he has worked with many major brands including Chanel, YSL, Lanc?me, Sony and Adidas.
Basically, I cover three to eight shows every day, which means going to so many different places, shooting loads of photos and posting tons of blog posts, all within a short time frame.
Japan delocalized to China and now they have to do the same to sustain their competitive streak," he says. While he was not infected by the virus, several of his colleagues were not so lucky and they are still suffering from the sequelae after they were infected at that time.
We don't focus on what happens to the Shanghai Stock Exchange on Wednesday or what currency markets do on Thursday. The challenge for us is how we take this 4.3 percent and get something closer to 25 percent. It also involves being incredibly diligent when we decide to make any individual investment, whether it is a piece of real estate or in a PE company. I think my philosophy is that taking risk is part of the job and part of constructing a good portfolio. And I think it's just great to have the opportunity to be present to watch these rapid changes happen on a day-to-day basis, watch the society blossom, and watch China become a real high-profile member on every level of the world society. A vicious circle has already been formed and it is necessary to break it to sustain the nation's long-term competitiveness.
Their choice was primarily dictated by political reasons, including the conclusion of free trade agreements.
If there is no significant depreciation, the PBOC's effort to stabilize the renminbi's exchange rate cannot eliminate depreciation expectations. Or "How should fat women best style themselves?" I don't have these problems, so I try to figure them out through interviews or research. Chrison has developed long-term collaborations with some of the biggest fashion brands, including Louis Vuitton, Gucci, Chanel, Dior and Valentino.
Despite receiving numerous awards, she refuses to collect them in person, preferring to remain out of the spotlight; she also doesn't show her face on public platforms. Despite the fact that it is common for the dangerous operation to fail and the patient's family had signed a consent form for the operation exempting the surgeon from responsibility if the operation was not successful, the family accused Liu of collaboration with the medical material producer.
The job of getting more capital into the market is one of the most important strategic issues that we have.
What defines what we do at the CPPIB is constant learning and refinement of the processes and our knowledge. Liu said that although he had no connection with the producer, in the end, the hospital paid the patient's family compensation. We still didn't know each other, but I went up to shake hands with him, saying "Thank you!" He must have thought I was crazy. PRs used to ask why, but after some time they learned it's my habit and they don't push it.

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