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World of Proverbs - Famous Quotes: To follow the path, look to the master, follow the master, walk with the master, see through the master, become the master. GREEK ARMENIAN JEWISH MUSLIM QUAERTERS TOUR IN ISTANBUL,Les Arts Turcs team's professional guides that speaks French, Italian, Portugues and Spanish, English makes special tours of Greek, Armenian and Jewish quarters of Istanbul. This will be a 4-5 hours of Walking & Photography tour starting from your hotel; meeting with our guide exploring the old town of Istanbul " Off the Beaten Path " and non touristic part of the city. Aquaduct of Valens : The Valens Aqueduct stands in Istanbul, in the quarter of Fatih, and spans the valley between the hills which are today occupied by Istanbul University and the Fatih Mosque. Balat is known as a Jewish quarter--with a small Armenian population-- dating back to the Byzantine period. Pierre Loti Hill by cable-lift where you can catch the beautiful view of Istanbul.When you reach beautiful Pierre Loti Hill, you will have a rest time to drink with the nice view of Golden Horn.
Eyup Sultan Mosque is one of the holy places in Istanbul,site of the Eyup Sultan Mosque where Ayoub al-Ansari (Eyup Sultan),the standard-bearer to the prophet Mohammed ,is buried. Idea : This tour gives the story and lifes of Turkish Greek, Jewish, Armenian and Muslim communities in today's Istanbul. The Life of Ottoman Jews For 300 years following the expulsion, the prosperity and creativity of the Ottoman Jews rivalled that of the Golden Age of Spain. Ottoman diplomacy was often carried out by Jews. Joseph Nasi, appointed the Duke of Naxos, was the former Portuguese Marrano Joao Miques. Turkish Jews are legally represented, as they have been for many centuries, by the Hahambasi, the Chief Rabbi. A Community Calendar (Halila) is published by the Chief Rabbinate every year and distributed free of charge to all those who have paid their dues (Kisba) to the welfare bodies. Social clubs containing libraries, cultural and sports facilities, discotheques give young people the chance to meet. Jewish communities in Anatolia flourished and continued to prosper through the Turkish conquest.
Les Arts Turcs team's professional guides that speaks French, Italian, Portugues and Spanish, English makes special tours of Greek, Armenian and Jewish quarters of Istanbul. Aquaduct of Valens : The Valens Aqueduct stands in Istanbul, in the quarter of Fatih, and spans the valley between the hills which are today occupied by Istanbul University and the Fatih Mosque. Balat is known as a Jewish quarter--with a small Armenian population-- dating back to the Byzantine period. Pierre Loti Hill by cable-lift where you can catch the beautiful view of Istanbul.When you reach beautiful Pierre Loti Hill, you will have a rest time to drink with the nice view of Golden Horn. Eyup Sultan Mosque is one of the holy places in Istanbul,site of the Eyup Sultan Mosque where Ayoub al-Ansari (Eyup Sultan),the standard-bearer to the prophet Mohammed ,is buried. Idea : This tour gives the story and lifes of Turkish Greek, Jewish, Armenian and Muslim communities in today's Istanbul. Once a focal point of the social and cultural lives of Greeks, Armenians and Jews, the Fener and Balat districts are presently inhabited by a mostly Muslim population that immigrated from other cities and rural areas. In the 17th century, Fener became the residence of upper classes and the bourgeoisie with its hewn stone buildings and richly ornamented house facades.


Balat's winding streets provided a meeting ground for navigators, seafarers, street vendors and porters. In fact, from the early 15th century on, the Ottomans actively encouraged Jewish immigration.
Another Portuguese Marrano, Alvaro Mendes, was named Duke of Mytylene in return of his diplomatic services to the Sultan.Salamon ben Nathan Eskenazi arranged the first diplomatic ties with the British Empire.
Indeed, Turkey could serve as a model to be emulated by any nation which finds refugees from any of the four corners of the world standing at its doors.In 1992, Turkish Jewry celebrated not only the anniversary of this gracious welcome, but also the remarkable spirit of tolerance and acceptance which has characterized the whole Jewish experience in Turkey.
When the Ottomans captured Bursa in 1326 and made it their capital, they found a Jewish community oppressed under Byzantine rule. In the 17th century, Fener became the residence of upper classes and the bourgeoisie with its hewn stone buildings and richly ornamented house facades.
Balat's winding streets provided a meeting ground for navigators, seafarers, street vendors and porters. It is uncertain as to when the aqueduct’s construction began, but it is mentioned in certain sources that it was completed eithe during the reign of Emperor Valens (364–378CE) or of Hadrianus (117–138CE) whose names it bears. During the Ottoman period, an important segment of Greeks who lived in Fener, who were well-educated and fluent in several languages, held high government positions as interpreters or diplomats.
Following the earthquake of 1894 and a series of fires that affected not only the neighbourhood but whole city of Istanbul, the social structure of Balat underwent significant changes: The wealthiest section of the inhabitants left the district and moved to Galata, which is the current location of the Jewish institutions including the Chief Rabbinate and major synagogues.
A letter sent by Rabbi Yitzhak Sarfati (from Edirne) to Jewish communities in Europe in the first part of the century"invited his co-religionists to leave the torments they were enduring in Christiandom and to seek safety and prosperity in Turkey". (3)When Mehmet II "the Conqueror" took Constantinople in 1453, he encountered an oppressed Romaniot (Byzantine) Jewish community which welcomed him with enthusiasm. In 1493, only one year after their expulsion from Spain, David & Samuel ibn Nahmias established the first Hebrew printing press in Istanbul. Fifty Lay Counsellors look after the secular affairs of the Community and an Executive Committee of fourteen runs the daily matters. Both cities have homes for the aged (Moshav Zekinim) and several welfare associations to assist the poor, the sick, the needy children and orphans. The events being planned - symposiums, conferences, concerts, exhibitions, films and books, restoration of ancient Synagogues etc - commemorated the longevity and prosperity of the Jewish community.
During the Ottoman period, an important segment of Greeks who lived in Fener, who were well-educated and fluent in several languages, held high government positions as interpreters or diplomats. Following the earthquake of 1894 and a series of fires that affected not only the neighbourhood but whole city of Istanbul, the social structure of Balat underwent significant changes: The wealthiest section of the inhabitants left the district and moved to Galata, which is the current location of the Jewish institutions including the Chief Rabbinate and major synagogues. During the 18th century, the majority of new constructions were made of stone or wood; and aristocratic Greek families started to build villas around the Patriarchate. The emigration followed and one fourth of the population of Balat left for Israel after its establishment.
In 1537 the Jews expelled from Apulia (Italy) after the city fell under Papal control, in 1542 those expelled from Bohemia by King Ferdinand found a safe haven in the Ottoman Empire. In the early 19th century, Abraham de Camondo established a modern school, "La Escola", causing a serious conflict between conservative and secular rabbis which was only settled by the intervention of Sultan Abdulaziz in 1864. Representatives of Jewish foundations and institutions meet four times a year as a so-called ??think tank??


Some of them are very old, especially Ahrida Synagogue in the Balat area, which dates from middle15th century. As a whole, the celebration aimed to demonstrate the richness and security of life Jews have found in the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic over seven centuries, and showed that indeed it is not impossible for people of different creeds to live together peacefully under one flag.,A History Predating 1492 The history of the Jews in Anatolia started many centuries before the migration of Sephardic Jews.
Sultan Orhan gave them permission to build the Etz ha-Hayyim (Tree of Life) synagogue which remained in service until nineteen forties.Early in the 14th century, when the Ottomans had established their capital at Edirne, Jews from Europe, including Karaites, migrated there.
During the 18th century, the majority of new constructions were made of stone or wood; and aristocratic Greek families started to build villas around the Patriarchate. The emigration followed and one fourth of the population of Balat left for Israel after its establishment. The 15th and 16th century Haskoy and Kuzguncuk cemeteries in Istanbul are still in use today.,??The Museum of Turkish Jews?? The Pope had no other alternative than to release them, the Ottoman Empire being the "Super Power" of those days. As a result, leadership of the community began to shift away from the religious figure to secular forces.,,World War I brought to an end the glory of the Ottoman Empire. In 1926, on the eve of Turkey's adoption of the Swiss Civil Code, the Jewish Community renounced its minority status on personal rights.During the tragic days of World War II, Turkey managed to maintain its neutrality. Additionally, the Community maintains in Istanbul a school complex including elementary and secondary schools for around 700 students. As early as 1933 Ataturk invited numbers of prominent German Jewish professors to flee Nazi Germany and settle in Turkey. Turkish is the language of instruction, and Hebrew is taught 3 to 5 hours a week.,While younger Jews speak Turkish as their native language, the over-70-years-old generation is more at home speaking in French or Judeo-Spanish (Ladino). A bronze column found in Ankara confirms the rights the Emperor Augustus accorded the Jews of Asia Minor.
Before and during the war years, these scholars contributed a great deal to the development of the Turkish university system.
During World War II Turkey served as a safe passage for many Jews fleeing the horrors of the Nazism.
Now one newspaper survives: SALOM (Shalom), a fourteen to sixteen pages weekly in Turkish with one page in Judeo-Spanish.
While the Jewish communities of Greece were wiped out almost completely by Hitler, the Turkish Jews remained secure. Mr. Salahattin Ulkumen, Consul General at Rhodes in 1943-1944, was recognized by the Yad Vashem as a Righteous Gentile "Hassid Umot ha'Olam" in June 1990. The vast majority live in Istanbul, with a community of about 2.500 in Izmir and other smaller groups located in Adana, Ankara, Antakya, Bursa, Canakkale, Kirklareli etc. There are about 100 Karaites, an independent group who does not accept the authority of the Chief Rabbi.



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