The secret life of cats documentary,does the secret world work on mac air,spiritual retreats usa 2014 21 - Tips For You


Since there are several cat enthusiasts at The Why Files, we, too, wondered about the answer to that question. Decked with radio collars that tracked their every move, 42 free-roaming cats (18 of them pets, 24 of them owner-less) were the stars of the two-year University of Illinois study. Certainly, to no cat owner’s surprise, the felines spent much of their time lounging or sleeping, just like their strictly-indoor counterparts. Another important finding, according to Mateus-Pinilla, were the differences in the cats’ ranges. Indeed, the risks of being a free-range cat are much higher than those of indoor cats, and if the cat has no owner, its fate is almost always bleak.
While the indoor-outdoor debate lives on in the cat owner community, and regardless of whether or not cats enjoy the out-of-doors, their secret lives outside entail some dirty secrets that are alarming scientists and laypeople alike.
Multiply this encounter by several million and the average cat on the prowl has a big impact.
The sheer number of free-range cats, owned or not, has become a conservation and health concern, some scientists say. Because of their impacts on both native predators and prey, conservation scientists consider free-roaming cats invasive species.
Species most at risk of death-by-kitty are birds that spend a lot of time on the ground, small mammals and reptiles, according to Temple.
The world’s ever-shrinking “islands” of wildlife habitat are hotspots of conservation concern over free-roaming cat populations, since the native species in these areas are the hardest hit by invading cats. Temple said the impact of free-roaming cats first captured people’s attention in the nineteenth century when one cat took out an entire species of bird. Open and fragmented landscapes, which also include forest outskirts and farmland, are the territories of choice for cats. Their dependency on humans highlights another dilemma: free-range cats can easily spread diseases and parasites that can jump from cat to cat, cat to wildlife, and even cat to human. Free-roaming cats’ close proximity to both humans and other animals thus creates a potentially strong reservoir for these diseases.
These street cats certainly benefit from a human handout, but do humans benefit from the cats’ potential disease threat?
Studies suggest that many free-range cats are people’s beloved pets that are allowed outside, said Temple.
Temple believes that for a cat-control method to work, three criteria must be met: the strategy must actually control cat numbers over large areas, it can’t harm any other part of the ecosystem, and it is socially acceptable.
Mateus-Pinilla was careful to emphasize that their study did not seek to evaluate management options.


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The relationship sprouted around 2000 BC in Egypt, where humans first domesticated felines. But a recent study published in the Journal of Wildlife Management shed light on one secret that may have been nagging cat owners: what do outdoor cats, otherwise known as “free-roaming,” do all day? The researchers’ goals were to compare what owned versus un-owned cats did all day, where and how far they wandered, and how likely they were to survive in the often risky outdoors. However, the amount of time pet cats versus owner-less cats spent snoozing differed significantly. While, not surprisingly, un-owned cats roamed further afield than owned cats, Mateus-Pinilla and her co-authors were surprised by how far the stray cats strayed and by the diversity of habitats they skulked in, as compared to pet cats.
The red outline shows the largest range tracked for an un-owned cat in the study, and the yellow dot indicates one pet cat’s range.
And because of the mortality evidence, these animals could be facing a certain amount of risks that we are unable to measure,” said Mateus-Pinilla.
To The Why Files, however, it seems that living in the company of humans has its advantages for cats. So they really do become the dominant mid-sized predator in many landscapes,” said Stanley Temple, an emeritus professor of forest and wildlife ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, who was among the first to study the ecological impacts of free-roaming cats. While not the greatest threat to wildlife, they add to the increasingly complex web of existing threats. For example, birds that live in America’s dwindling grasslands or on the increasingly crowded seashore are finding themselves in a precarious situation. A lighthouse keeper brought his pet cat to keep him company on the otherwise uninhabited Stephens Island off the coast of New Zealand, letting him roam about freely. The list of contagions includes feline leukemia, feline immunodeficiency virus, worms, rabies and toxoplasmosis, a parasite-caused disease that can damage the developing brains of unborn human babies, if their mothers are infected. While vaccinating both owned and un-owned cats can help reduce the spread of disease, vaccines are not 100 percent effective and the logistics of vaccinating every single cat may be impossible, especially since many vaccinations are annual. While the science may seem to imply that rounding up every cat on the range may be the best solution, the ubiquity of free-roaming cats and the emotions wrapped up in some people’s relationship with felines complicate the matter. But, while keeping every pet cat indoors would significantly and immediately cut the number of free-range cats, not every cat owner agrees that indoor life is best for kitty.


Not only are there always the cats that get away, but releasing the cats back into the “wild” still does not eliminate the risks to wildlife. Keeping pet cats inside and trapping, treating, neutering and confining un-owned, free-roaming cats are two strategies that meet his criteria. They were focused on adding to the science and remaining neutral in the debate about solutions to the issue of free-roaming cats. Anyone can improve their drawing skills by following simple free step by step drawing online tutorials. The success of Secret life of Dogs was followed by two more hour long documentaries giving us insight into the worlds of Cats and Babies.Kiss My Pixel created titles, part break bumpers and parallaxed sequences from still photography. Today, more than 90 million cats in the United States alone enjoy the companionship of humans, while another estimated 90 million are stray or feral.
Pet cats lazed about for 80 percent of their days, while un-owned cats loafed for “only” 62 percent of the time.
It’s possible that the cats without owners have to spend more time looking for resources to take care of themselves,” speculated Nohra Mateus-Pinilla, study co-author and wildlife veterinary epidemiologist at the Illinois Natural History Survey. While most of the pet cats stuck close to home, the most itinerant stray cat wandered around a 547-hectare (1,351-acre) area. But keeping this relationship indoors may have advantages for wildlife and people too—-implications that drive the otherwise curious research on free-roaming cats. However, their prowess as hunters, combined with their overpopulation, has wildlife biologists and enthusiasts biting their nails over the potential endangerment or extinction of some prey species. The cat brought back “treasures” to his owner, and among them was a species of bird that was unfamiliar to the lighthouse keeper. Even if un-owned, most cats are still dependent on people for either food or shelter, or both. Start by learning the basic concepts of drawing and improve your drawing technic as you go along. When the scientists confirmed the birds indeed belonged to a new species, which they called the Stephens Island wren, they rushed to the island to check out the bird for themselves.



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