The secret power of the son in law,the secret life of karan and kabir season,secret of photo 51 movie questions - Tips For You


Much like the pheasants scurrying at the bottom of the cliff for water with rusted tin plates desperately held high, sitting through Fury Road’s 120 minutes felt refreshing, it felt rare, and I didn’t want it to stop.
Like Iron Man 2, it’s almost unfair to expect The Avengers: Age of Ultron to live anywhere up to what is – to some – perhaps the best Marvel movie to date.
The development of self-awareness in artificial intelligence is a common theme within science fiction. Under the shadow of PlayStation’s industry-leading independent developer partnerships in the home console space, Microsoft has fought an uphill battle in framing its own identity as a viable platform for indie titles.
Last December, Sony smartly debuted its first PSX, a PlayStation-only event that saw announcements for a slew of new titles for their consoles, many of which were indie. As Evolve began its rapid transformation from an intangible, freshly announced concept into a frequently played, comprehensible love-child of Turtle Rock, there was plenty of skepticism surrounding the developer's approach towards four versus one asynchronous multiplayer design. Leading up to its release, the coverage of Evolve was borderline idealistic, with like-minded members of the press asking questions about coordination, verbal cues and advanced team strategies, all of which the type of player Evolve was catering to would want answers for.
As we look forward in 2015, this year certainly has its fair share of high profile titles from the genre, including Turtle Rock’s long awaited Evolve, 343’s promising return with Halo 5, and a yet-to-be announced title that’s currently being worked on by the immensely talented multiplayer level design studio, Certain Affinity.
Seeing Citra plunge a knife into Jason Brodie's chest following an uncomfortable sex scene before the credits rolled wasn't the only element of Far Cry 3 that displeased me.
We then get down to the meat and potatoes of this episode: a roundtable discussion on representation in video games, and the movement that has been termed 'GamerGate'. The guys then each briefly talk about the games they've been playing over the past couple of weeks, as well as those that they're looking forward to in jam-packed February. If there was one important theme to pick from the last 12 months, it would be: “Don’t you realize? Since the dawn of the information age, people have had the ability to communicate with people half a world away.
At the start of this year, some friends and I talked about what some of our most anticipated games were for 2014.
We’ve all come to know games that heavily strive for a particular tone that, in the end, often compromises the value of the experience. They say that imitation is the greatest form of flattery; but in this case, imitation is the greatest form of skullduggery as Vlambeer – the talented indie developer behind Super Crate Box and Luftrausers – has had one of their games cloned yet again. If you’re unfamiliar with Vlambeer’s series of cloned games, last year, just before they launched what would be one of 2013’s best mobile titles, Ridiculous Fishing, dev studio Gamenuts released a near identical rip off of Vlambeer’s previous game, Radical Fishing.
There isn’t a quote that is as timely and relevant as this one, since in the past we've seen some of the best work come out of the house of Mario when they’re cornered and on the ropes.
In the wake of Sony’s massive security hack that has revealed everything from personal information, to private emails, to films under the Sony label, one movie negotiation deal that has surfaced amidst the leak was a Super Mario Bros. It’s shocking enough that Sony seems to be neck deep in striking a deal with Nintendo’s biggest property (but hey, Microsoft is making bank off of Minecraft which is one of Playstation’s best-selling titles), but what’s more unbelievable is that they’re taking another swing at making a Mario film after this ambitious train wreck: Read more.
Since 2006, the PlayStation 3 has hosted an outstanding amount of games that have ranged from awe-inspiring to diabolically shocking. As PlayStation celebrates its 20th anniversary, we invite you to browse our wares, and to comb a list that is so filled with wonder that you will fall in love with each of these titles, all over again. Harry Bowers: If there’s one thing that video games get slammed for, it’s attempting nothing new.
Jamaal Ryan: Journey is a product of sharpened craft, the epitome of the emotional language thatgamecompany has used to communicate with players since its early days. Journey conveys a wide range of themes quietly and metaphorically: isolation, partnership, fear, struggle, death, euphoria. Journey is a timeless work of art, a multi-purposed classic that isn't just one of the best games on PlayStation 3; it's one of the best games ever made. It seems that no matter which console you have, 2015 will treat you with a platform defining title; the next gen follow-ups to the biggest franchises the big three have to offer. With Sony and Nintendo’s biggest titlesnot yet fully revealed I’ve waited with bated breath to see when I can get my hands on some of my favorite franchises. Watch some of the industry's most prominent males weigh in on the issue of gender inequality. Even by this current generation’s standards, GTA V’s San Andreas is the most dense, detailed, ecosystem-driven world built in gaming. The city itself was overwhelming when Rockstar released their latest lovechild on last gen hardware, but to see Los Santos and Blaine County through the eyes of your avatar in GTA V’s new first person mode is nothing less than a game changer, and is one of the most daunting and uniquely exhilarating experiences I’ve been privileged to in recent years. Remember how they were going on about turning Xbox Live into a TV programing platform delivering original content, giving us subscribers VIP treatment?
Just a few short months after their huge coming out party back in April, Microsoft had closed down Xbox Entertainments Studios, their internal branch in charge of what was Xbox’s original television program. When protagonist Jack Mitchell is first introduced to ATLAS Corp, he’s guided through a facility’s testing area where engineers and scientists are gauging the limits of a new weapon: the exosuit. While Nintendo’s latest Direct followed their tradition of announcing additional information about the titles we already knew about, each and every one of the yet-to-be released games shown exudes the promise of quality on both Nintendo platforms, and that’s not counting the continued support for the already released titles earlier this year. What was first a PC mod in GTA IV a rumor up until a week ago, the re-release of GTA V on PC and new gen consoles will finally bring us first person mode. Rockstar seems to have gone to great lengths in making an authentic first person experience: from creating new animations for each of the characters (picking your nose anyone?), to adding new details to vehicles such as fully functional dash boards and muffled sound when wearing a helmet in a jet. This is the obsessive level of detail that we all expect from Rockstar, however I’m concerned that mere aesthetics won’t be enough to make the jump to first person an appropriate way to play GTA V. Call of Duty: Advanced Warfare is the entry that the franchise needed the most; it is the biggest “No shit! It wasn’t long after the shooting in Sandy Hook Elementary School where 20 young students and six faculty members were gunned down that I had come across School Shooter. On paper, Horde Mode and Titanfall fit together just as well as peanut butter and pickles (assuming you don’t like peanut butter and pickles).
This format is far flung from the hunkered down, fortress building design that we’ve seen the co-op game-type take shape of from building barricades and setting traps in Gears 3, to ordering missile strikes and AC 130s in Call of Duty’s Survival Mode. If someone handed you a magic wand and said, a€?We have really failed in the way the government of the United States of America operates and we are now empowering you to make any changes you desire to make this government operate more efficiently and better,a€? what major changes, if any, would you make? Historically people who climbed to the top have chosen two ways, basically, to govern others -- with some form of absolutism or constitutionalism. However, the individual, although created to live individually and freely, is always subject to law, and true freedom is always exercised only as one lives obediently under law. In the 17th century crisis and the need for rebuilding after the Thirty Yearsa€™ War led to the push for absolutism. And so, after the Thirty Yearsa€™ War (1618-1648) religious identity and commitment led to a new sense of nationalism based upon a nationa€™s major religious beliefs.
This was the case also in Germany, even though the Treaty of Westphalia had set back the formation of a unified state in Germany. Monarchies developed throughout Europe, some ruling over small domains, and others, like the Habsburgs, Tudors, and Bourbons, over vast empires. Obstacles to Nation Building: Building a centralized government in most a€?nationsa€? (the word was not yet coined nor widely comprehended) was faced with numerous obstacles, not the least of which was the fact that in most countries people spoke numerous dialects, making nation-wide communication very difficult. Absolute rulers overcame these obstacles by building armies, bureaucracies, and using the force of the army to mold the people into one body. Frequent wars and the cost of maintaining large armies: Large armies were needed to impose the monarcha€™s will and to expand the borders. Popular Uprisings: As food shortages and taxes increased, and frequent wars created havoc, poverty, and death, people began to revolt.
In attempting to deal with these problems, monarchs turned to either absolutism or constitutionalism to form effective governments. Government functions are guided by the dictates of the ruler and his or her lieutenants and not by established law.
The rules or laws are applied arbitrarily and seldom apply to those at the top, especially the monarch or emperor.
Problem solving is by issuing edicts and pronouncements, by creating more administrators, creating a larger bureaucracy, and levying heavier taxes on the people to pay for the expenses of the absolute ruler(s). Those governed have little participation in government, little input into law-making (unless through protests and demonstrations), and have to simply yield and be satisfied with what is handed to them from the absolute ruler and the top. Constitutionalism or Peoplea€™s Law is a form of government that acknowledges that certain inalienable rights are possessed by both those who govern and by those who are governed.
Peoplea€™s Law was introduced into England by Alfred the Great in the late 9th century A.D. In Peoplea€™s Law or Constitutionalism all power is contained within the Constitution, a written contract that all people agree to embrace and to live cooperatively under, either in a monarchy or in a republic. All functions of government are from the people upward through their elected representatives.
Government control is exercised through written laws which have their basis in the written constitution. Government functions as a process guided by established law, which reflects the will of the people and applies to everyone, even to those who govern. Transferring power is carried out by either heredity (in a monarchy or empire) or by popular vote (in a republic), with a peaceful transition from one ruler or set of elected representatives to another. The people are viewed as the foundation of the government, those with the power to elect to office the representatives of their choosing and if in a monarchy the ruler remains enthroned at the will of the people. All citizens have the right to participate in voting, no matter their social and economic class (although admittedly it took some nations a long time to grant suffrage to all adults, whether male or female, and whether property owners or not!). The land is viewed as the property of the people collectively, who exercise their inalienable right to own personal property and to use their personal property as they see fit. The processes of government are for the most part carried out by the representatives who have been chosen by the people to represent their best interests and to preserve and uphold the Constitution.
Problem solving is carried out by elected representatives and officials appointed by those elected representatives. When a problem occurs or a major issue must be decided, the will of the people is protected by a Constitution and requires that they be allowed to express that will through special votes or referendums.
Those governed are given every opportunity for upward mobility through personal initiative and hard work.
Another major issue that separates absolutism from constitutionalism is this: are individual rights a€?awardeda€? by a ruler or are they possessed innately as a person created in Goda€™s image? Under Absolutism individual rights and freedoms are viewed as a€?rewardsa€? that the ruler gives out to whomever he or she arbitrarily selects.
Under Constitutionalism individual rights and freedoms are viewed as innate possessions of all people. After the religious wars in France, which pitted Catholics against Huguenots, Henry IV (1553-1610) took the French throne after the death of Henry III, and demonstrated to the French that a strong central government offered many advantages. In 1572, as Duke of Navarre, Henry married a Catholic princess, Margaret of Valois, daughter of King Francis I and Catherine de Medici. When Margareta€™s brother, King Henry III, was assassinated in 1589, Henry, now king of Navarre, was by heredity next in line to become king of France.
Henry IV was the first in the line of the Bourbon kings of France, which included Louis XIII, Louis XIV, Louis XV, Louis XVI, Louis XVIII (wea€™ll find out in a later unit what happened to Louis XVII), and Charles X.
With the ascension to the throne of Louis XIII upon the death of Henry IV in 1610, the Bourbon kings practiced an absolutism balanced with a precarious arrangement with the French nobility.
Now as king of France, Henry IV, with strong Calvinist ties through his mother, Jeanne, Queen of Navarre, took the important step of proclaiming the Edict of Nantes in 1598, almost as a statement, a€?Ia€™ve become a Catholic in order to rule as king but Ia€™ll grant freedom to my Huguenot friends, now that I have the power to do so.a€? The Edict of Nantes granted religious liberty to the Huguenots. Richelieu championed the concept of absolutism in government and is known as the Father of Absolutism. Using new and expanded powers under the regency of Richelieu the central government took the eyes of the people off of problems at home (hunger, inflation, an unresponsive and a€?distanta€? government) by expanding war against the Habsburgs in Austria and Germany, foes who Cardinal Richelieu hated. Later, when Louis XIV attempted to bypass the unwritten agreement and impose taxes on the nobility to support his many war efforts, the nobility rose up in protest, maintained their traditional right to not be taxed, and forced the king to back down. Louis XIV held firm to a belief in the doctrine of the divine rights of kings, as did his father, Louis XIII.
He also ended religious toleration and in 1685 revoked his grandfather Henrya€™s Edict of Nantes.
His rationale for revoking the Edict was the earlier agreement reached at the Peace of Augsburg in 1530 which established that the religion of the ruler would be the religion of the state.
The wars of Louis XIV were based upon his belief that in order to increase Francea€™s sovereignty he needed to expand its borders, especially in areas where the people were French by language and culture.
Wars were fought by the French with other European nations for more than 50% of Louis XIVa€™s reign. Louis XIV was also known as a€?the Sun Kinga€? because during his reign French culture, French dress, French architecture, and the French language enjoyed a hegemony in Europe. Colbert (1619-1683) was the Controller General of Finance under Louis XIV and believed strongly that the wealth of the state should fund the central government. Colbert believed this was crucially important to financially maintain Francea€™s military power and its European hegemony (the dominance of French language and culture throughout Europe).
In French mercantilism, the principle was also established that through a controlled economy the nation would base its financial stability on the accumulation of gold. Under King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, Spain developed an absolute monarchy after the struggle to expel the Muslim Moors from Spain was completed in 1492. Furthermore, a strong military was necessary to preserve Spaina€™s presence in the New World, opened initially by the Spanish-sponsored journey of Christopher Columbus in 1492.
The development of their colonies and the new wealth in gold and silver in the New World further aided the absolutism in Spain. By the beginning of the 18th century Spain was a weakened nation and never recovered to its 16th century glory. England traditionally attempted to maintain a between the power of government and the rights and participation of the people. Against this notion was the long tradition introduced by Alfred the Great at the end of the 9th century which continued to loom in the thinking of the nobility and later the House of Commons. Hence, the struggle between absolutism and constitutionalism in England began after the conquest by William of Normandy, continued during the reign of his descendants, and erupted in armed conflict at a confrontation at Runnymede in 1215 when the English nobles forced King John to sign the Magna Carta. Elizabeth also was able to use her commitment to the Protestant faith as a national rallying point against the Catholic mainland (France, Spain, the Habsburgs).
Conrad Russell points out that on several occasions the House of Commons used petitions of grace to express their ideas about very important matters. James was angered by the petition, accusing the House of Commons of getting involved in matters than were reserved only for the king -- foreign policy and marriage of the king. Finally, Jamesa€™ response, due to the inability to reach an agreement, was to dismiss Parliament.
Each of his three Stuart successors used the same tactic -- if Parliament digs in their heels on an important matter, just dismiss Parliament! These incidents are cited here simply to show how Parliament and the English monarchy interrelated.
The Stuart line created great furor in England because of their 1) increased commitment to the divine rights of kings, and 2) insistence upon absolutism. Henry maneuvered Parliament to declare the English Church free from Rome through the Act of Supremacy of 1534. Son of Henrya€™s third wife, Jane Seymour, raised a Calvinist, aided the reformation in England, and maintained order during his brief reign.
With the coronation of James I, the Tudor line of monarchs ended and the Stuart line began. James was totally committed to the idea of the divine right of kings and to the system of absolute rule. When James was crowned King of England, the Puritan Reformers in England thought that at last they would be given new credibility and freedom in England. Charles succeeded his father, James, as king in 1625 and soon after married Princess Henrietta Maria, a daughter of King Henry IV of France and his wife Maria de Medici.
After Parliament was called again into session in 1640, Charles was so angered on one occasion that he stormed into Parliament and attempted to arrest five members (they escaped out a back door!). By 1646 Charles knew that he would lose the war, and, rather than submitting to the English Parliament, fled to Scotland where he hoped they would provide him safety since he was the son of the former king of Scotland. In 1648 he was tried for treason by a High Court of Justice composed of 135 judges, with a quorum for any meeting set at 20 because of the difficulty of travel.
A main charge that was after a lull in the civil war and a prospect for peace, Charles renewed the conflict which ultimately, per Geoffrey Robertson, resulted in the death of one out of every ten English citizens.
In the final address given by the lead prosecutor, it was emphasized that no king is above the law, that English law proceeds from Parliament and not the king, and that he had broken the covenant with the people he governed by declaring traitorous war on them. With that act, Parliament abolished the British monarchy and under Oliver Cromwella€™s leadership, created a republic, the Commonwealth of England.
Cromwella€™s contributions during his ten years of leadership in Englanda€™s only experiment with a republic, the Commonwealth, also known as the Interregnum, were (1) by military action to wrap Ireland into a three kingdom Britain, together with Scotland and England, (2) impose (unsuccessfully) the Puritan and Presbyterian ethic, held by Cromwell and the majority of Parliament, on all England (try that one in your community and see what happens!), which included, among other things, banning gambling and bawdy theater performances, (3) granting religious freedom to a new Jewish population that had entered England, and (4) raising the level of creative arts, especially opera, to new heights. After the death of Oliver Cromwell and the disintegration of the Commonwealth, Parliament restored the monarchy in 1660 and, because they were still locked into the pattern of hereditary succession, placed the son of Charles I on the throne, the dissolute and perhaps least capable and worthy man in England to serve as king, Charles II. After the death of his father and loss of a battle against Cromwell, Charles II fled to France and remained in Europe for 9 years until the death of Cromwell. He also proclaimed a Declaration of Indulgence in 1672 granting religious freedom to Catholics and to Protestant dissenters (English Presbyterians, Baptists, and Independents who refused to practice Anglican worship).
His short four-year reign was filled with struggle and conflict with Parliament, who, looking with great anxiety at the other absolute monarchies being established in Europe, determined that such would not be the case in England. Their fears also led to the passing of the Test Act of 1673 in which all military and government officials were required to take an oath in which they renounced the Catholic doctrine of transubstantiation (see Unit 17), use of relics, and to participate in the Lorda€™s Supper conducted by Anglican clergy. When James refused to take the vow, it became publicly known that while in France during the Interregnum he and his first wife had converted to Catholicism. He further angered Parliament when he created a professional standing army, against English tradition to not maintain an army except in wartime, and when he exempted the soldiers from taking the vow of the Test Act.
James opened many leadership positions to Catholics in government, issued an edict condemning Presbyterians to death in Scotland, and generally favoring Catholics in England. When Parliament opposed him in 1685, like his Stuart predecessors, he simply dissolved Parliament.
With that, a group of English nobles approached William III of Orange in 1688 to invade England and overthrow James.
The Revolution was complete, no blood was shed, absolutism was at last defeated, and the last Catholic monarch of England was banished to France. Within the next year, William III and his wife Mary II, eldest daughter of James, were crowned as co-monarchs of Britain. William III outlived his wife, Mary II, and after her death in 1692 ruled alone as king until his death in 1702. The House of Hanover (cousins of the Stuarts in Germany) succeeded the Stuarts on the throne.
In addition to abolishing absolute rule in England, the most important document that came out of the Glorious Revolution of 1688 was the English Bill of Rights. This was a revolutionary concept following centuries of feudalism and absolute rule, not only in Europe, but virtually everywhere on earth.
The king could not suspend laws nor levy new or additional taxes without the consent of the Parliament.
Parliament was to convene regularly (it had not met for eleven years under Charles I had been and dissolved by all of the Stuarts through James II).
The English Bill of Rights laid the foundation for many of the principles that were included in the American Bill of Rights that were amended to the U.S.
The struggle between Absolutism and Constitutionalism was at the heart of the American War for Independence, the French Revolution, the overthrow of Communism in Eastern Europe and Russia, and continues to rage today in Yemen, Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, and Syria.
The biblical concept views man as having been created in the image of God and has a right, therefore, to certain freedoms that no other person has a right to quench, whether a king or queen or any other authority. These God-given freedoms according to the American Bill of Rights include the freedom of speech, freedom to own property, the right to earn a living in whatever way a person deems best under law, and the right to spend that money in whatever way the individual chooses, under law; the right to vote, the right to a fair trial by a jury of onea€™s peers, the right to own and bear arms, the right to be eligible to be elected to office, the freedom to believe and worship as one chooses, the freedom of speech and assembly, and the freedom to petition. What does it mean for a person to live out freely their God-given rights, but always under Goda€™s law? How could the concept of the divine rights of kings be interpreted and practiced in such a way as to lead to guaranteed personal freedoms? What basic biblical doctrine about who and what a king or queen is in their nature that would tend to lead to constitutionalism? What were several items that are missing from the English Bill of Rights that you would have thought would have been included? Why does the English Bill of Rights seem to have been slanted so heavily in favor of Protestants? What caution does this raise for us as we (1) interpret what has happened in history, (2) how we should interpret the actions of current governments, and (3) how this should influence how we behave individually today?
What is the English tradition that resulted in New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island refusing to ratify the newly proposed U.
Prior to 1549 each of the seventeen states had their own sets of law, their own judicial system, and otherwise made it difficult to administer them piecemeal. This, and other administrative decisions made by the emperor, led to the Dutch revolt in 1568 against what they perceived to be political and religious tyranny. In 1571 the seventeen states formed the Union of Utrecht and in 1589 declared themselves to be independent of Spain. After several other attempts to move under the oversight of other European monarchs, including for a brief time, Elizabeth I of England, the Dutch proclaimed the independent Dutch Republic.
The Republic endured until 1795 when the Netherlands was overrun by the French forces of Napoleon Bonaparte. The Republic provided the groundwork for the Golden Age of the Netherlands in the 16th century, when free enterprise enabled the Dutch to become the leading merchant fleet in Europe, to found and oversea a vast colonial network in North America, the Dutch West Indies, and the Dutch East Indies (present-day Indonesia). Absolutism is grasping all power within a nation -- politically, economically, militarily, religiously -- and placing it totally in the hands of a ruler or group of rulers. Constitutionalism is placing all power within a nation under a written constitution that sets limits and boundaries on the exercise of power. In a Constitutional Monarchy power is shared by the democratically elected parliament either with or without a monarch, with the greater power lying with the parliament.
Mercantilism is a form of economics wherein the central government controls the national economy through regulating the rate and type of production, the price of goods, tariffs, and seeks to have exports always outperform imports. Empires developed as monarchs sought to control overseas colonies in order to (1) gain natural resources demanded by society and needed for industrialization, (2) gain greater agricultural areas to feed their populations, (3) obtain new areas to export a growing population of farmers, managers, and military to protect them, and (4) to bolster national prestige and pride. The diagram below attempts to depict the differences between the two major forms of government that arose, ABSOLUTISM and CONSTITUTIONALISM, the two contrasting methods of governing. The Ottoman Empire is discussed more fully in Unit 8, a€?Islam.a€? The Ottomans were ruled by an absolute ruler, the Sultan or Caliph. At various times there were several caliphs in existence at the same time, causing great rivalries to exist. The Thirty Yearsa€™ War (1618-1648) devastated so much of Germany, Hungary, and Poland, so depleted the economies of most nations in both West and East, and resulted in the loss of so many people, that central, authoritarian governments seemed to be the only hope for survival. Serfdom: The existence of serfdom in Eastern Europe, as a remnant of centuries of feudalism, enabled the nobility to gain almost total control over the common people. Results of the Thirty Years War: The Peace of Westphalia in 1648 brought an end to religious wars in Europe. Rise of Austria and Prussia: Absolutism took different forms in Austria and Prussia, but the existence of almost continual warfare in their territories enabled leaders in both countries to increase their power. Austrian Habsburgs in German territories: The Habsburg emperors worked hard to keep their multi-ethnic empire together, with preference and priority always given to those who were German speakers. Austrian Habsburgs in Hungary and Bohemia: The Habsburgs fought and defeated the Ottoman Turks for control of Hungary and by 1648 controlled most of Hungary.
Prussia: Prior to the Thirty Years War the noble land owners gained the dominant power in Prussia, but as a result of the war they lost holdings, wealth, and power.
Prussia, the Sparta of Europe: Frederick William built the most professional army in Europe, introduced a military mentality throughout the three provinces, created a strong central bureaucracy, and controlled the nation by military might -- creating the Sparta of Europe.
Russia: The Huns ran roughshod over Russia for several hundred years, leaving behind not only fear and disruption but many descendants.
Peter Romanov (Peter the Great) opened the window and doors of Russia to the rest of Europe. The Ottoman Empire: By the middle of the 16th century the Ottomans controlled the worlda€™s largest empire in total geographic territory. By 1529 the Ottomans had conquered most of Hungary and viewed the Austrian Empire as a threat to their new territories in Eastern Europe.
In 1683 the Ottomans laid siege a second time to Vienna, cutting off all supplies into the city for two months. After the defeat in 1683, the Ottomans began a long process of withdrawal from Eastern Europe because of inefficiency in government, and because of the frequent rebellions within its occupied countries.
Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Empire: In spite of the heavy taxation of Christians and Jews, the Ottomans allowed local leaders to govern their own locales.
1542 King James V of Scotland dies, 9 mos old daughter, Mary, becomes Queen Regnant, married to future king of France, Dauphin Francis, in 1558. 1588 -- Spanish Armada -- Philip determined to make Elizabeth and England pay for Henrya€™s offense against Catharine of Aragon, for treatment when husband of deceased Mary I, for Elizabetha€™s spurning of his marriage offer, and for her aiding the rebels in the Netherlands. 1685-1688 -- James II of England and VII of Scotland (1685-1688) (continued to claim the English and Scottish thrones after his deposition in 1688 until his death in 1701). The English Bill of Rights laid the foundation for the American Constitution and the Bill of Rights.
In the 16th and 17th centuries the Protestant Reformation led to a deepened sense of nation and nationhood, often based upon religious commitment. The Thirty Yearsa€™ War (1618-1648) tore Europe apart, but it solidified the sense of nationhood and religious identity.
Monarchies developed in most European regions, replacing feudal lords, some ruling over small domains, and others, like the Habsburgs, Tudors, and Bourbons, and the Spanish crown over vast empires. The Treaty of Westphalia in 1648 greatly hindered the rise of nationalism in Germany, resulting in a sectionalism containing up to 132 independent states, each led by an independent ruler.
Due to the expanding size and complications that developed in managing their territories, most of the new rulers turned to absolutism as a means of governing. Cardinal Richelieu, regent for the young Louis XIII of France, is known as the Father of Absolutism. Absolutism led to heightened nationalism and this, in turn, to a quest to expand borders, usually into areas where the people spoke the same language and were members of the same culture.
France, Spain, Russia, Austria, and the Ottoman Empire developed absolute monarchies in the 16th and 17th centuries. In Great Britain the reign of the Tudors and Stuarts illustrate clearly the struggle between absolutism and constitutionalism, beginning with the Magna Carta of 1215, the Glorious Revolution of 1688, and the English Bill of Rights of 1688.
The coronation of William of the Netherlands and his wife, Mary, as co-monarchs of England in 1689, England established a Parliamentary government that limited the powers of the monarchy in government. The Fathers of the new United States of America rejected a limited monarchy when framing the new Constitution and established a constitutional republic.
List from memory the list of the Tudor and the Stuart kings and queens of England and identify (1) their governing philosophy, whether absolute or constitutional, and (2) their religious loyalty, whether Protestant or Roman Catholic.
List from memory the list of the Bourbon line of kings and queens of France from Henry IV to Louis XVI and identify their unique contributions to the development of France. Describe the causes and outcomes of the Thirty Years War (1618-1648) and the decisions of the Treaty of Westphalia (1648) and its impact on shaping Europe. Compare and contrast the two styles of governing used in Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries -- absolutism and constitutional republicanism. Discuss in a written essay the history of individual freedom in England from Queen Elizabeth I to William and Mary. Discuss in a written essay how the United States of America would be greatly different today if France had gained victory in Seven Yearsa€™ War between France and England in North America, based upon what you know about conditions in France and England in the 16th and 17th centuries. There is to be a thesis statement which you will a€?provea€? or a€?establisha€? in your essay. As a professional negotiator with more than twenty years experience on the force, Richard had dealt with hostage cases before and knew that this would be a particularly tough one to crack.
Rather than a regular podcast, today we are pleased to publish a longer Elementary dialogue designed to test your listening comprehension. With the Alibaba IPO throwing daytraders worldwide into a frenzed adulation of all things China, and the press going wild over Jack Ma and his Chinese e-commerce engine, this week's show takes a closer look at Taobao - the jewel in the Alibaba crown - with a hard-hitting quiz covering the most important things no-one seems to be able to remember about our favourite shopping site. The government had first dismissed rumours of the city's impending water scarcity, yet as the months dragged on and the supply trucks grew less and less frequent, public denial morphed into slow acceptance as the city baked. Xiao Wang strained to tighten the security strap around her luggage, pressing her knee against the bulging fabric to muscle the suitcase closed. Did you ever thumb through a fresh copy of City Weekend and wonder why the Readers' Choice Award for Creepiest Park in Beijing has been awarded to Jingshan Park every year since the mid-1660s? After years in the metaphorical wilderness, the Society of Anarchists had finally gathered enough funds to purchase their printing press. Having spent the weekend puttering around Chaoyang hospital listening to the groans of the infected, certain members of our staff would like to suggest that a priority for the next Fifth Year Plan be fixing the vending machines in all major health centers, so that at least some of this world's inevitable pain and suffering can be partially offset by the ready availability of fresh caffeine mixed with high-fructose corn syrup.Learning Chinese? This week at Popup Chinese, we take you behind the scenes of a recording session as Grace and Li Zhiqiang struggle to coax a decent performance out of a new voice actor.
Sarah had struggled for years with her company's internship program, which seemed to saddle her each year with marginally less competent and marginally more slack-jawed members of the local student population. One moment Xiao Liu had been suggesting a weekend retreat to Zhongshan Park, and the next his entire office had plunged into a leaden silence. A rose tucked away at the bottom of the pantry, clumsy letters wrapped in ribbons and hidden in the attic: such as these had been her efforts at concealment. Occasionally, we think back on our years in China and look back at our casual brushes with death with the sort of nostalgia other people feel for high school prom. After a lengthy hiatus, we're pleased to release another episode of our Chinese Quiz Night. We strive to make Popup Towers the sort of freewheeling love nest where interoffice relationships are highly encouraged, but sometimes struggle with the consequences. Teaching Chinese may have been Xiao Wang's first love, but diversifying into English just made business sense.
So said Davao City mayor-elect Inday Sara Duterte, referring to his father presumptive president-elect Rodrigo Duterte.
Though she admitted that her family was used to being exposed to public scrutiny, she said the national attention they would be getting soon would be different.
When asked if she would accept her father’s offer to become his first lady, Sara maintained that her priority is to lead and govern Davao City as mayor. But she said she will be ready to offer any help for the success of  his father’s administration. THE MAN who, at a crucial stage of the election campaign, accused a son and daughter-in-law of presumptive President-elect Rodrigo Duterte of involvement in smuggling is now facing the wrath of the incoming leader’s daughter-in-law who vowed to press charges against their accuser. January Duterte, wife of Davao City Vice Mayor Paolo Duterte, broke her silence and said the family is now consulting lawyers and preparing criminal cases against Perfecto Tagalog, who represented the group Coalition of Filipino Farmers.
In a press conference, Tagalog said the smuggling ring brings in not just rice but also used clothes and electronic products. January is currently village chair and head of the Association of Barangay Councils in the city, which earned her a seat in the city council. The accusation, she added, “spread like wildfire in our community” bringing anguish to her daughter and husband. The proclamation was delayed because ballots intended for Sarangani province were delivered to Barangay Alobo in Sta. Present during Velasco’s proclamation were his parents, Supreme Court Associate Justice Presbitero Velasco Jr. The congressional race reprised the 2013 contest between Velasco and Regina Reyes, daughter of Governor Reyes.
The House of Representatives Election Tribunal (HRET) swore in the younger Reyes as the winner of the 2013 race despite a Comelec order, which was later affirmed by the Supreme Court, disqualifying her for being an American citizen at the time she was elected to Congress.
The legal battle for the lone congressional seat of Marinduque ended in February this year after Velasco was sworn in as the duly elected representative of the province, two days before Congress adjourned for the campaign period in this year’s elections. In the gubernatorial race, the elder Reyes received 57,807 votes against Victoria Lim’s (independent) 34,850 votes and Melecio Go’s (Nacionalista Party) 12,931 votes. ILOILO CITY—Contrary to the statement of Liberal Party (LP) leaders, defection to the camp of presumptive President-elect Rodrigo Duterte started even months before the May 9 elections. In Guimbal town in Iloilo, supposedly a bailiwick of LP, administration candidate Mar Roxas narrowly won by two votes against Duterte after former Iloilo representative and Mayor-elect Oscar Garin, an LP member, switched support to Duterte. This was a far cry from the wide margin of Roxas in 40 other towns and one city of Iloilo province that range from 10,000 to 15,000 votes.
For the whole province, Roxas got 657,940 votes, followed by Poe (166,480), Duterte (146,294), Santiago (59,754) and Binay (37,430).
Garin, patriarch of the Garin clan, one of the dominant political families in the province, has publicly admitted supporting Duterte. The Garin clan is part of the alliance of political families and stalwarts in Iloilo in support of Roxas and Robredo. Another daughter, Sharon, is expected to retain her seat as representative of the party-list group AAMBIS-OWA. He said he decided to support Duterte partly because the LP did not honor an agreement that the choice of the party’s candidate for vice governor will be decided by his family and the Tupas clan.
NOTHING IS IMPOSSIBLE Jerald Polintan (right) poses with his guide and “Zero Visibility” organizer Gideon Lasco as they reach the summit of Mount Pico de Loro in Cavite. SAN PEDRO CITY—Jerald Polintan, 14, breathed the cool mountain breeze 664 meters above sea level as he tried to paint in his mind the blue skies, the lush greenery and the puffy clouds that surrounded him as he sat atop Mount Pico de Loro. His father, Jong, 47, was beside him diligently describing the vast forests, sky and mountain ranges that lay before them. Jong, who runs a canteen in Cagayan Valley, said he’s thankful that Jerald was born with a vivid imagination that made it easier for Jerald, who was born prematurely and blind, to see the world. Scaling Pico de Loro was a feat for father and son who traveled from Santiago City in Cagayan Valley to join the hiking event for the blind on April 28.
With hiking sticks in one hand and the other hand clinging to guides, nine blind and first-time trekkers completed the three-hour hike to Pico de Loro in the town of Maragondon in Cavite province.
He said blind hiking may be unheard of in the Philippines although similar activities are being held in other countries.
On the trail, the blind hikers used their other senses to appreciate the beauty of Pico de Loro. He noted that the blind also have a great sense of balance, even on steep parts of the mountain. Like most hikers, they, too, have their pictures and selfies taken on the summit with the towering rock, popularly called the monolith, protruding in the background.
Lasco said his group plans to conduct more hiking activities for the blind, this time with Luzon’s highest peak, Mount Pulag (2,922 masl), as their next destination. Lasco also said he hopes to build the blind participants’ confidence and open people’s eyes to the vast opportunities that lie ahead of the visually impaired. COMING HOME Jose Maria Sison, founding chair of the Communist Party of the Philippines, is expected to return to the Philippines under a Duterte presidency after nearly 30 years of exile in The Netherlands. DAVAO CITY—Presumptive President-elect Rodrigo Duterte offered to the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) the Cabinet posts of  agrarian reform, labor, social welfare and environment and natural resources as he welcomed the planned return of its self-exiled leader, Jose Maria Sison. Duterte, who called himself a “leftist” and was Sison’s student at the Lyceum of the Philippines in the 1960s, said he was even willing to comply with the communists’ demand to release their captured members. On the composition of the Cabinet, Padilla said any statement on the issue would be “highly speculative,” adding that this was still subject to consultations.
He said the movement would help in selecting the best possible people for Duterte’s official family. Sison, 77, who fled to Europe soon after peace talks failed in 1987, wrote in a Facebook post last week he hoped to meet with Duterte before his inauguration on June 30.
There are at least 350 political detainees languishing in various jails in  the country,  facing charges involving regular crimes such as murder and illegal possession  of firearms.
The insurgency is one of Asia’s longest and has claimed an estimated 30,000 lives since the 1960s.
The NPA is believed to have fewer than 4,000 fighters, down from a peak of 26,000 in the 1980s, according to the military.
President Aquino revived peace talks with the communists soon after taking office in 2010 but shelved them in 2013, accusing the rebels of insincerity in efforts to achieve a political settlement. The talks got bogged down after the communists demanded the release of scores of their jailed comrades, whom they described as “political prisoners,” which the Aquino government rejected.
Bello said the CPP would be ideal in fighting illegal loggers and would take a big step forward to end contractualization of labor, the reluctance of big business to grant workers permanent employment. He expected the CPP to improve the conditional cash transfer program  from a mere dole to the creation of guaranteed employment for the poor. The Philippines now holds the record for having the largest manufacturing and deployment of vote counting (VCM) machines in the whole world, Smartmatic Philippines said on Monday. Garcia added that Smartmatic also managed to print 56,000,000 ballots in just 49 days in spite of many hindrances such as adverse rulings from the Supreme Court.
The next president of the country hates adulation and on his first public appearance since he took a break after the election said that he should be treated as an equal. PRESUMPTIVE president-elect  Rodrigo Duterte would be a “hands-on” president once he assumes office this June, his spokesman said on Monday.
Lavina said, however, Duterte is no “superman” but the tough-talking mayor has political will. During the campaign period, Duterte vowed to stop criminality and illegal drugs within the first six months of his administration. Asked about the people’s expectations on this promise, Lavina said Duterte would need the help of the people. Close to getting  16 million of votes, Duterte has cemented his lead in the presidential race. Duterte, who has served as Davao City mayor for more than 20 years, is known not only for his iron-fisted leadership but for his profanity-laced speeches as well.
But in previous interviews, Duterte vowed to be “prim and proper” once he assumes the presidency.
MANILA — Senatorial candidate Leila de Lima on Monday vowed to continue opposing any move to re-impose death penalty. In his first public appearance since the May 9 elections, Duterte announced he wanted criminals committing heinous crimes including robbery and rape to suffer morbid death like a public hanging.
De Lima, former chief of the Commission on Human Rights, said the government, with the help of Congress, should fix the justice system, instead of jumping into a death penalty legislation. She said that even if reviving death penalty was a popular move, the issue would undergo thorough and heated debates in the Congress. De Lima is at the 12th place in partial and unofficial quick count of votes for the Senate by the poll watchdog Parish Pastoral Council for Responsible Voting (PPCRV).
Asked where she will stand under a Duterte presidency, “Let us observe the new leadership first.
The erstwhile Davao mayor, who is known for his off-color language and cussing repeatedly, implied his links to the vigilante group Davao Death Squad. De Lima in previous interviews warned the public about a Duterte presidency, calling him a monster.
DAVAO CITY — Presumptive president-elect Rodrigo Duterte stressed on Monday that the death penalty must be re-imposed during his administration if he was to deliver the promised crackdown on criminality plaguing the country. Duterte has made it clear that under his presidency, the war against drugs will start from barangay (village) level, where he said, drugs have proliferated due to inability of barangay (village) chairmen to suppress illegal drugs.
To fight drugs at the barangay level, Duterte said he would recruit militiamen similar to the Special Civilian Armed Auxiliary but they must have completed the basic Reserved Officer Training Course.  It may include former soldiers who know how to handle guns and have experience in law enforcement. He said the group would be under the supervision of the barangay captain but would still be required to report to the police precinct commanders. Duterte said he would be ready to lose the “presidency anytime.  I can lose it anytime, I will stake my honor and my life (in the war against drugs). Duterte, however, assured the public that minors involved in crimes, would not be arrested but their parents would be held legally liable for them and would be arrested. The death penalty was present in the country’s legal system from the Spanish colonial period to the martial law imposed in the 1970s during the dictatorship of President Ferdinand Marcos. Duterte wants to restore the death penalty for  drug-related crimes, rape, robbery, car-jacking, carnapping or vehicle robbery and plunder. The strategic sealift vessel Tarlac (LD- 601) can transport more than a battalion size of troops, two rigid-hill inflatable boats, landing craft units and three helicopters.
SSV Tarlac is one of the two vessels acquired by the Philippines from PT PAL in Indonesia at P3.8 billion. A crew of 121 Philippine Navy officers and enlisted personnel arrived with the vessels, as some of their families waited for them.


SSV Tarlac was named after one of the eight provinces that fought against the Spaniards to assert the independence of the Philippines. SSV Tarlac has a tonnage of 7,300 tons, overall length of 120 meters, breadth of 21 meters, draft of five meters and carry a payload of 2,800 tons. Presidential candidate Davao Mayor Rodrigo Duterte delivers his speech during the Makati Business Club forum held at Manila Peninsula in Makati City. WHEN Rodrigo Duterte was campaigning for the highest post of the land, a big concern in the business community was his lack of an economic program.
Last week, a broad outline of the incoming administration’s economic program came to light, to the delight of the business community.
For ordinary wage-earners and corporate taxpayers, the good news is that the incoming administration is planning to lower income tax rates to 25 percent from the current 32 percent, which is among the highest in the region.
This makes sense, as one of the economic thrusts of the Duterte administration is to make the investment climate more attractive to foreign investors. Ease of doing business, another common complaint especially from those dealing with local government units for their various permits, is also high on Duterte’s agenda. Also on the agenda is the plan to develop the rural areas, basically the agriculture sector, by providing support services to small farmers to improve their productivity. Other aspects of Duterte’s economic agenda involve the continuation of two pillars of President Aquino’s administration—the slow-to-start public-private partnership program and the hugely successful conditional cash transfer program more popularly known as the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program.
Among the names floated as possible members of the Duterte Cabinet, one stands out as far as the business community is concerned: Carlos Dominguez, a member of the Duterte transition team and former Cabinet secretary during the administrations of Presidents Corazon Aquino and Fidel Ramos. FIRST OF all, let me thank the teachers and volunteer workers who contributed their personal time and effort to making the last elections one of the most credible in recent years.
Upon arrival at our voting station located near the Immaculate Conception cathedral in Cubao, Quezon City, I immediately proceeded to line up at the precinct indicated on our voter’s card. A week after the elections, I seem to notice more “Duterte for President” stickers on cars passing by.
One of the more graceful concession speeches I have ever come across was that of losing candidate Mar Roxas.
The only face that is familiar to me from among the newcomers who are reported to be part of the transition team of presumptive President Rody is former agriculture secretary Carlos “Sonny” Dominguez.
When Sonny was agriculture chief, I was assigned at the Philippine Embassy in Jakarta, replacing Ambassador Manuel Yan who moved back to Manila as foreign affairs undersecretary. Among the many duties and responsibilities of an envoy posted abroad is that of greeting and sending off high government officials especially those of Cabinet rank attending regional or international conferences. I particularly recall one Asean Ministerial Meeting in Jakarta because the Cabinet representative sent by Manila arrived attired in a T-shirt appropriate for a golf or tennis appointment. The one Cabinet official I remember most, however, was our agriculture secretary, Sonny Dominguez. Since Dominguez had no check-in baggage we would proceed straight to the embassy vehicle and head for the city. THERE IS nothing extraordinary in the electoral triumph of Rodrigo Duterte if the percentage of the total votes cast he obtained and the winning margin he garnered are both compared against those achieved by Joseph Estrada in 1998 and by Benigno Aquino III in 2010. In 1998, Estrada won 40 percent of the votes and had a 24-percent winning margin over his nearest rival, Jose de Venecia. In contrast, based on unofficial vote tallies, Duterte won 39 percent of the votes and garnered a 15-percent winning margin over his nearest rival, Mar Roxas. But what makes Duterte’s electoral triumph remarkable is that he managed to achieve a huge win even after he repeatedly sabotaged his own chances by issuing foul statements that could have doomed any other candidate. Voters who prefer a strongman for our next president cite the need for an iron fist in order to instill discipline among the people. But it would be a terrible mistake to conclude that an iron-fist rule is the magic ingredient that brings about economic progress. From February to April, I went around Southeast Asia for consultations with nongovernment organizations on human rights issues in the region.
Even if we set aside the issue of whether presumptive President Duterte is clean or not—an issue that was not resolved during the campaign—he will preside over a huge government machinery in which key departments have a deeply ingrained culture of corruption, inefficiency and unresponsiveness to people’s needs. If there is any need for Duterte to flex his style of governance symbolized by a clenched fist, it should be used to instill discipline in the government workforce in order to change the prevailing culture. People know the drug dealers, jueteng operators, and criminal syndicates in their communities, but these criminals continue to operate because many policemen, mayors and governors behave as if they know nothing about what everyone else knows.
ATLANTA—Conventional wisdom lays much of the blame for the rise of Donald Trump on angry American voters, who have allowed him to break every rule in the political playbook without paying a price. All along Trump’s march to becoming the Republican Party’s presidential nominee, partisan commentators spun and respun his countless outrageous statements, sometimes with just a tut-tut of disapproval, while other on-air pundits all too often treated his malignant demagoguery as worthy of serious analysis. Even with the rise of the internet, opinion polls consistently show that some 60 percent of Americans still regard television as their primary news source. For media companies that own local stations, reaping the financial bounty from political ads is one thing; investing in news operations another.
Because of consolidation, fewer TV stations actually gather and report the news; instead, stations share staff, facilities and even stories, reducing not just the number of newsrooms, but also the competition that brings diversity and depth to reporting.
According to the Radio and Television Digital News Association, a quarter of US television stations that present local news receive their programming via “news sharing” arrangements.
More troubling, research suggests that as local stations reap revenue windfalls from election campaign advertising, reporting on the candidates’ claims becomes off-limits. In Denver, for example, local stations took in $6.5 million to air nearly 5,000 ads paid for by the 2012 presidential candidates’ political action committees (ostensibly independent fund-raising groups that shield their donors’ identity). Vigorous political reporting is vital to democracy because it enables voters to understand the issues and evaluate their choices.
Kent Harrington, a former senior analyst, national intelligence officer, and chief of station at the CIA, also served as the agency’s director of public affairs.
After Marcos won 14 million votes, the martial law thingy can no longer be dismissed as ignorant sacrilege. I was struck by a conversation with Aiya Balingit, a Technological University of the Philippines 2013 graduate and an aspiring painter. I suggested she publish her thoughts on behalf of the 2010’s youth in a discussion dominated by the 1980s youth.
Carmma’s (Campaign Against the Return of the Marcoses to Malacanang) viral video featured interviews with 19- to 22-year-olds who praised the martial law that took place before they were born.
Second, the claimed narrative implies it is illegitimate for millennials to be more conscious of the 2000s than the distant 1970s. Marcos’ near election and hundreds of thousands of #LabanLeni tweets have spurred calls to review history textbooks and open martial law museums. One hopes our education is extended from the end of World War II not just to 1986 but to 2016. The tone of our democracy’s story will now be set by Twitter’s Aika Robredo-Sandro Marcos rivalry and salaciously subversive #RP69fanfic more than the iconic 1997 documentary “Batas Militar.” It will now be retold by those not present, just like the gospels. GRACE POE lost the presidential election, but she has won a place in the history of Philippine elections.
Then his message, as reported by the media: “Let us begin the healing now… Let us be friends.
What the mayor of Davao City was saying was “Take it or leave it,” or, in the language of the common Filipino, “Believe me, I’m sincere,” implying that he would be most disappointed should his goodwill be rejected. The senator’s gesture touched off a series of concessions and conciliatory statements that bode well for the incoming administration. Of the six vice presidential candidates, four have conceded defeat: Senators Francis Escudero, Alan Peter Cayetano, Antonio Trillanes IV, and Gregorio Honasan. Defeated Filipino candidates very rarely concede defeat, and never mere hours after voting had closed.
A precedent has been set in this presidential election, hopefully to be followed in succeeding elections. The interesting question is: Had Poe not started the ball rolling seven hours after the voting had closed, could this “first” in the history of Philippine elections have happened?
Presumptive President Rodrigo Duterte now has a clear path toward the “change” he envisions for the Philippines.
GIUSEPPE MAZZINI, considered one of the important political agitators of the past century, in his most famous work, “The Duties of Man,” writes: “Education is the great word that sums up our whole doctrine. A transitional or imperfect democracy is characterized by the fragility of its institutions and the dissatisfaction of the people with respect to the prevailing sociopolitical order.
Kristina Wesseinbach says that “political parties launch certain issues and discourse into civil society, providing the public with the possibility to discuss matters and form opinions.” But in the case of the Philippines, most people still view political parties and most politicians as untrustworthy. Voters find great comfort and inspiration in Christian charity, but they do not see the value of political party affiliation. Wesseinbach correctly notes that “a fundamental role of political parties—in almost all democratic polities—is to motivate people to go to elections and participate in the electoral process.” Many Filipinos are politically active, but they have no sympathy for political parties.
Perhaps, we can also point to the reality that we do not have a strong sense of nationhood.
We have now seen the election to the Senate of a new breed of young leaders, Bam Aquino, Joel Villanueva and Sherwin Gatchalian. The success of democracy in any modern state will depend on the quality of knowledge and information possessed by its electorate.
Thus, to be able to truly gain ground, political parties must have a social impact, both in theory and in practice.
Christopher Ryan Maboloc is assistant professor of philosophy at Ateneo de Davao University. Can you imagine that as President Aquino told the awardees, “I know that any medal, any praise, any colorful words are not enough to the contributions in your respective fields and our society,” he was virtually speaking more to the dead than to the living? Admittedly, posthumous awards cannot be totally avoided.  Nevertheless, I particularly find it not only quite surprising but also kind of intriguing that Manuel Conde and Francisco Coching had to be conferred their National Artist award only in 2009 and 2014, respectively, or practically two decades after their time. That said, I do not intend to pass judgment upon the selection committee of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts which, along with the Cultural Center of the Philippines, has been the government agency officially authorized to administer the conferment of the National Artist Award. Meanwhile, the plain truth is government saves much when the awards are bestowed upon the already dead than upon the still living. Could the savings be the reason the awards are mostly given posthumously?  Most probably not. FOR ALL intents and purposes, we need to stop the practice of certain religious sects or organizations that exploit the gullibility of their loyal members by dictating on them to vote for their endorsed candidates who they expect to do them “parochial,” personal and political favors in return. Block-voting has nothing to do with church unity, but it has everything to do with perversion and religious slavery. This abominable act in the guise of “religion” has been ongoing for decades now, one of the reasons being why we are a suffering people and corrupt nation to this day. Contrary to the claim of France, the Balikatan exercise does not include a fishing ban; rather, a safety zone is declared in the exercise area for the protection of our fishermen. On the other hand, China has taken over territory that belongs to us under international law as confirmed by the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. France’s equating the Balikatan exercise with the Chinese aggression in territory that belongs to us is too outlandish that not even the official spokespersons of Beijing will make such claim.
I am confident that our countrymen are discerning enough to recognize articles that, undoubtedly, China is disseminating in our country through agents of disinformation who may be doing it on purpose or who may have been manipulated by the Chinese to do such things unwittingly. SINGAPORE — Eight budget airlines from Southeast Asia, Japan and Australia said Monday they have formed what they called the world’s largest alliance of low-cost carriers, enabling customers to book connections using a shared platform.
The announcement comes at a time of increased popularity for budget carriers in Southeast Asia, which industry players say is a key growth market for low-cost air travel. The alliance will serve more than 160 destinations with a collective fleet of 176 aircraft, the statement said. Members of the alliance together served more than 47 million travellers from 17 hubs last year, according to the statement.
The increasing popularity of no-frills airlines, which typically do not offer free meals or in-flight entertainment, is driven by the region’s growing middle class, many of whom are travelling for the first time. Shukor Yusof, founder of Malaysia-based aviation consultancy Endau Analytics, said the alliance will benefit carriers more than passengers. Amid the financial market volatility that marked the quarter, AUB and its subsidiaries continued to intensify lending activities and generate deposits from a wider branch network nationwide, the bank said on Monday. The bank said that its increased presence in commercial lending, as well as in the auto, mortgage, small and medium enterprises and salary loan segments, led to a P1.8-billion interest income during the quarter.
THE LOCAL stock barometer surged to the 7,500 level for the first time in nine months on Monday as the market bet on rosy domestic economic results while weighing future economic programs along with the recent MSCI weight rebalancing. The market likewise weighed in the remaining corporate earnings results for the first quarter while betting on a good first quarter gross domestic product (GDP) report for the Philippines later in the week. SMIC, DMCI and MPI all gained over 1 percent while AC, GTCAP, URC and PLDT contributed modest gains. Buenaventura, 63, will succeed Lorenzo Tan, who had resigned from his post to give RCBC a free hand to direct the course of its business following the money laundering incident involving the bank’s Jupiter branch, which has been the subject of a Senate Blue Ribbon Committee hearing.
Described as “soft spoken and a quiet worker,” Buenaventura is seen to bring with him a wealth of experience in universal banking and large operations deemed critical to RCBC’s further growth. Before heading the DBP, Buenaventura was a former senior executive vice president (EVP) and chief operating officer of the Bank of the Philippine Islands.
He was likewise president and chief executive officer of Prudential Bank when it was acquired by BPI and EVP at Citytrust Banking Corporation.
Buenaventura was a Citibanker for 18 years where he started as chief of staff to the country head and rose to become vice president, group head and senior credit officer. This veteran banker obtained his Bachelor of Arts in Economics from the University of San Francisco and his MBA in Finance from the University of Wisconsin. RETAIL magnate Lucio Co-led Cosco Capital grew its net profit in the first three months by 12 percent year-on-year to a quarterly record high P1.08 billion on higher earnings across retailing and other businesses. Cosco’s consolidated revenues in the first quarter amounted to P28.79 billion, up by 12 percent year-on-year. In the first quarter, the retail business segment from Puregold and S&R contributed 86 percent of the total revenues followed by specialty retail business from Liquigaz while office warehouse had a share of 9 percent.
Puregold is the country’s second largest retailer while Liquigaz is the second largest liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) player in the country. As of end 2015, Puregold group had a total of 298 stores which included the 17 stores from NE Bodega and Budgetlane acquired during the year. Including share of earnings by minority interest, Cosco’s three-month net income amounted to P1.66 billion, up by 11 percent year-on-year.
The decline in net income was mitigated by controlled expenses as well as the increase in PSE’s other income source.
CONGLOMERATE Lopez Holdings posted a 24 percent year-on-year growth in first quarter net profit to P1.35 billion, driven by a double-digit expansion in its power generation and media businesses. Higher efficiencies accounted for the gains with FPH costs and expenses falling by a faster 16 percent following an 11 percent decline in revenues, the group said. RRHI disclosed to the Philippine Stock Exchange on Monday that net income attributable to equity holders of the parent company recorded a flattish growth at 0.5 percent to P785 million in the first quarter. It’s nearly two hours of brutal, cacophonous sequences, complete with a simple story and a fascinating world all in which redefine why Mad Max is such a seminal name among action films.
The original Avengers was tight, funny, spectacular, and well-orchestrated considering the number of Marvel heroes vying for the spotlight. Many theorize that the moment AI develops a consciousness well enough to resist the strings attached by their maker, whether that would be in an act of self-preservation or a calculated effort to save humanity from itself, mankind could be looking at the beginnings of a hostile takeover by the very machines they’ve created.
This past week, while Microsoft couldn’t deliver an isolated event for all things Xbox, they did announce a hefty indie line-up, diversifying their catalogue far beyond what many expected.
Amongst numerous games that have made use of the word “titan”, including Puppy Game’s very own and more appropriately named Revenge of the Titans, Titan Attacks! There's something about the immediate gratification of painting your target with the cursor and pulling the trigger at the pixel-perfect moment that delivers heaps of dopamine with every round. Yes, the intended satire failed to land on its feet (or even take off for that matter), and yes, the cast featured a gaggle of smug, upper-middle-class pricks who earned no sympathy from me in the 20-or-so-hour campaign.
In Scott's absence, Tara Jayne steps up to the plate to grade everyone's stories, which include yet another Xbox One price change, a man dying from too much gaming, Elder Scrolls Online going free-to-play, and Microsoft's announcement of its HoloLens AR project. From gagging themselves on their controllers, to punching their opponents in the face, each of the participants has a funny recollection of a time when the rage just got a little too much. In a well thought-out and articulate debate, the panelists all weigh in with their thoughts on what has been, rightly or wrongly, one of the most burning issues in the video games industry over the past year. Special thanks to Patrick Klepek, and be sure to check out more thought provoking commentary on games in Worth Reading. In one aspect, it succinctly highlights the demographics of the video game community, using the term “everyone” as a way to illustrate exactly who plays video games today. While the information super highway has brought with it many benefits, this increased interconnectivity does occasionally have its downsides. It was a year of broken promises thatchanged the way that game reviews were treated, and a year where fan favorites appeared seemingly out of nowhere. Azura’s Wrath, Blue Estate, and Anarchy Reigns are just a few examples of titles that really push their over-the-top message to unexpected heights (and lows), but ultimately fail to connect with the player in anything other than the occasional provocative images and sequences. Its aggressive style of internet meme jokes and punkish flavor is evenly matched by its incredibly deliberate and surprisingly accomplished game systems, making it not only one of the best original open world games of 2014, but possibly even Insomniac’s best game yet.
Soon after, what was then their upcoming title, Luftrausers, was also cloned; not to mention that Ridiculous Fishing artist Greg Wohlwend then went on to work on Threes!
At a time where Nintendo has never quite been in a worse position in the console market, we're beginning to see the company take some calculated risks, much like they did in the GameCube era, and very much unlike what we saw last generation. Here at Power Up Gaming, we aren't interested in those bad eggs, so instead we've crafted a list of 25 delicious gaming goodies – both exclusive and multi-platform – for your consumption.
They represent an entire generation's efforts to create masterpieces time and time again, a feat that the PS3 has definitely accomplished. Moral implications are presided over by a mystical body of demonic nightmare-inducing sheep.
Its glistening sights, award winning sounds, and freeing controls can melt any hardened exterior with effortless grace. This complex palette is delivered with the utmost subtlety, made even more impressive by being compressed into 2 hours. Last month, Halo 5 showed off some controversial (though admittedly needed) upgrades to its combat repertoire with boosting, ground pounding, and (OH GOD NO!) aiming down the sights, all in which make it my most anticipated shooter of 2015 next to Evolve. From its massive skybox, to its immensely populated streets, to the spontaneous wildlife both above ground and below sea level, there’s a seemingly endless amount of activity to witness and partake in. Test subjects wearing the exoskeleton are found scaling metallic walls, boost jumping from platform to platform, sparring against multiple assailants, and protecting themselves from sentry turrets with erected shields. Nintendo’s theme focused on the past, present and future, beginning with the remake of Majora’s Mask… Read more. Picture this: Four jetpack boosting, wall-running players defend a harvester beacon against waves of minions and Titans attempting to destroy it. Ostensibly speaking, Titanfall’s mechanics of stylish mobility doesn’t quite lend itself to defensive strategies as it does to assault and infiltration. Countries were were emerging from feudalism, some had been impacted by the Black Plague, others had also experienced the Renaissance. This was the case with the early monarchies that arose in Europe in the 14th-16th centuries in Europe.
Princes in Germany drew up their territorial boundaries because much was at stake, as provided for in the Peace of Augsburg (1530) and the Treaty of Westphalia (1648). The treaty resulted in a sectionalism that produced up to 132 independent states, each led by an independent ruler. In addition, poor roads, poor transportation, and a zeal to hold on to traditional local power and local culture worked against unifying the people of several regions into a nation. In many cities they resorted to armed uprisings and it was not until the late 17th century that the central governments were strong enough to deal effectively with the frequent uprisings among the populace. In response, people often reacted against absolutism by resorting to a€?No Law,a€? or Anarchy. It makes possible the free expression and free exercise of those innate inalienable rights. He was a student of biblical law and understood well the form of government given by God to Moses.
The Constitution usually has a provision by which amendments can be added by a vote of the people. Where a person is born, with regard to poverty or social class, is not where they are forced to remain.
They cannot be given out nor taken away by the ruler or the government because they are given by the Creator and not the king or emperor. He restored peace and order by personal example through his conversion from Calvinism to Catholicism. The nobility and the clergy in northern France, including Paris, strongly opposed the idea of a Protestant king. The nobles promised their continued support of the throne if the throne continued to hold them free from taxation.
His Catholic wife, Marie de Medici, a princess of Austria, appointed a regent, Catholic Cardinal Richelieu, to serve as regent for her young son, Louis XIII. Richelieu promoted the idea of limiting the strength of the nobility and expanding and strengthening the role of the bureaucracy (officials hired to do professional government work). But, in a compromise measure, the nobles left in place a strong monarchy -- just so long as it did not tax the nobility! To increase his central power, Louis XIV centralized his government (1) by appointing intendants to govern for him in the various districts of France, (2) he kept the nobility powerless in government by refusing to call into session the Estates General (the parliament of France), and (3) he developed a widespread secret police by which he spread terror and fear. He became known as a€?the War King.a€? His war efforts plunged France into debt, required more and more taxation to pay the debt, and increased the poverty of the lower classes. The a€?suna€? of the French hegemony seemed to extend from east to west, wherever the sun rose and set.
His major successes included 1) development of New World French colonies, 2) building up the French merchant fleet, 3) developing government-controlled industry, and 4) improving the process of tax collection. Only a strong central government with a large, professional army could preserve the new freedom from Islam. His journey was not primarily a trip to find new lands, but to discover a westward route to the Spice Islands in the Pacific. The problem that continually checked the growth of constitutionalism in England was the concept held by the Tudor and Stuart dynasties was the divine right of kings. The nobility and common people continually had recall to days when a just legal system prevailed and the ideas and opinions of all the people mattered. Concerning the execution of Mary, for example, she was twice petitioned to sign a death warrant for Mary. She added the Dutch in their 80 year war for independence from Spain, and the failed Spanish Armada of 1588 simply rallied the people behind their queen.
To illustrate, consider how the House of Commons was expected to bring their requests and ideas to the attention of the king or queen. Sir Edward Coke, member of Parliament, is quoted as having commented to King James I, a€?I hope that everyone who saith, our Father, which are in heaven, does not prescribe God Almighty what he should do so do we speak of these things as petitioners to his Majesty, and not as prescribers, etc.a€? (Conrad Russell, Unrevolutionary England, 1603-1642, Continuum International Publishing Group, 1990, p. These were issued with more a tone of, a€?We are the House of Commons and this is what we think you should do. In 1586 both the House of Lords and House of Commons petitioned Queen Elizabeth to sign the order for the execution of her cousin, Mary, Queen of Scotland for her reported involvement in plans to assassinate Elizabeth. He seemed to carry a chip on his shoulder, always alert to any hints of the Parliament moving into his kingly rights. Allow him to impose current taxes and tariffs to take care of current debt but no more in the future. Constitutionalism was certainly not at work in England during the Tudor dynasty and through the reigns of James I and Charles I.
Today the queen of England is officially head of the Church of England and head of Great Britain, but her powers are very limited. In 1455 a series of wars were fought between two rival branches of the dynasty, the House of York (symbolized by a white rose) and the House of Lancaster (red rose). Elizabeth allowed a high degree of religious freedom in England during her reign, even though she was aware of the constant attempts by Catholic monarchs in Europe to have her deposed and Cathholicism re established in England. James became infant King James VI of Scotland after his mother, Mary, Queen of Scotland, was banished from Presbyterian Scotland for her Catholic faith and the intrigue resulting from the death of her husband. Their oldest daughter, Mary, was married at 9 to the Prince of Orange in the Netherlands, and subsequently became mother of William III, Prince of Orange who became King of England following the Glorious Revolution of 1688. The High Court was composed of member of the House of Commons, without the consent of the House of Lords. As Goda€™s appointed absolute king, he refused to acknowledge their authority over him and concluded his comments with, a€?. In 1660 he was invited by Parliament to return to England and they composed all documents to make it appear that Charles had succeeded his father in 1649, as though the republican Commonwealth had never existed!
He conducted war against the Netherlands and entered into a secret treaty with his first cousin, King Louis XIV of France. Parliament forced him to rescind the Declaration, viewing it as a Roman plot to return England to Catholicism. With that, Charles dissolved Parliament and for four years until his death in 1685 ruled England alone as absolute king.
He was (1) pro-French, (2) pro-Catholic, (3) was himself a Catholic, and (4) his announced plans to establish an absolute monarchy. He created the army to protect him from rebellions after having to put down two rebellions in Scotland and southern England. In 1687 he unilaterally issued the Declaration for the Liberty of Conscience, which called for religious freedom for Catholics and Protestant nonconformists.
The wife of William was Jamesa€™ oldest daughter, Mary, a staunch Calvinist, as was William.
The basic premise of the Bill of Rights was the following: everyone, from the poorest beggar in the street to the richest merchant, from a child in school to members of nobility, lords, military officers, judges, monarchs, all have certain basic rights that are guaranteed. But this freedom is limited in the sense that the freedom of the individual is always to be carried out while living under the law of God.
In 1549 Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, issued the Pragmatic Sanction, which solidified the Empirea€™s control over the seventeen states comprising the Netherlands. From the viewpoint of the seventeen states, however, this was the imposition of a level of control that threatened their independence. The major causes for the revolt also included persecution of the Calvinist majority as heretics by the Catholic Phillip II, removal of institutions of governance practiced by the states for generations, and the imposition of high taxes.
A chief ally of William was Elizabeth I of England who supplied men, weapons, and financing to the Calvinist cause. In 1582 they took the strange, but politically astute move of inviting Francis, duke of Anjou in France, son of King Henry II of France.
Each province was managed by its own representative assembly and each province elected representatives to sit in the general assembly of the united provinces.
While the monarch ruled supreme, there were certain limitations placed upon his or her exercise of power, but this was a limited curtailment.
In the French version of mercantilism, it was also believed that a nations stockpile of gold was the basis for economic health. The one thwarts, squashes, and denies the inalienable rights of people and the other fosters, promotes, and grants those rights.
It produced a new more crushing in serfdom in Russia and the eastern portions of the Habsburg Empire, and the Ottoman Empire, and resulted in severe restrictions on travel, relocation, private ownership of land, and produced heavy taxation.
It weakened the power of the Habsburg Empire in Vienna so that (1) it had to remain a confederation of multi-ethnic, multi-cultural states, (2) it gave former Habsburg territories to France and Sweden at the expense of Austria, and (3) made Calvinism a legal choice alongside Catholicism and Lutheranism throughout Europe, at least on paper if not always in fact.
The Kaiser (Prussia) and the Emperor (Austria) gave almost total control over the peasants to the nobility in exchange for total loyalty of the nobles to the monarchy and their granting Kaiser and Emperor almost total freedom to raise taxes, raise professional armies, and conduct foreign affairs. They kept the empire together by a program of rewarding the nobility (with land, control over peasants, expanded trade rights) and imposing Catholicism on everyone in the southern German states where they still retained power. The nobility in Hungary proved a real problem because they resisted Austrian control, rebelled whenever possible, and as Calvinists resisted the attempts to impose Catholicism on them.
The head of the Hohenzollern family (a traditional royal Prussian family), Frederick William (Wilhelm), came to power, took away the traditional representative rights of the nobility, and gained control over the three Prussian provinces in northern Germany.
He controlled the nobility (a€?Junkersa€?) by placing in their hands the officer corps of the giant military machine.
Ivan the Terrible (not given that title because he was a nice guy!) was able to recapture Russian dominance away from the Huns, but was ruthless in his actions to gain absolute control. Beginning with their capture of Constantinople in 1453, which was both a strategic victory -- opening eastern Europe to their campaigns and occupation -- as well as a victory giving to them great prestige. This created a level of interaction between Muslims, Jews, and Christians not often experienced by Catholics and Protestants in the rest of Europe.
Religious commitment gave weight to a new sense of nationalism based upon a state or nationa€™s major religious beliefs. Economic Minister Colbert who served under Louis XIV, is known as the Father of Mercantilism. England fought an ongoing struggle between the absolutist Stuarts and the non-absolutist Parliament.
Four months of school tours, and meetings with first the principal and then every fourth grade teacher on payroll.
The language used here is not terribly difficult, but it is spoken at native pace and with the sort of emotional inflection you'll find living and working in China. In time, even the moat around the Forbidden City drained to nothing, its dry stones picked clean by the dessicated husks of those who remained, parched shadows of their former selves.Learning Chinese?
In this episode, Megan squares off with returning champion Zhiqiang to answer this as well as questions on rehab and earth's diminishing dolphin population.
Tucked away covertly below the buildings of parliament, the machine stood as a symbol of intellectual resistance within the very halls of a power. This is a fairly difficult intermediate show, but if you've been listening to us for a while, we think you'll like it.
As he would shortly discover, there were feelings that had been hurt, and if he hoped to paper over the situation the only thing to do was to make an apology and mend his ways.
Yet how brazen were their mid-day meetings in the park near the wharf, making it nonetheless inevitable that her husband would hear of her affair, and take steps to bring it to a decisive and final end.Learning Chinese?
Procuring the damn thing from China had promised cheaper costs, but prompted endless foot-dragging from US customs over environmental standards and power supply issues.
For such were those heady days of SARS, when the streets of Beijing were clean, taxis were readily available, and glaston and woad were part of the everyday lexicon here. In fact, as a language training company, we admire the way they've found success getting otherwise sensible people to use made-up words like venti and trenta in normal conversation.
Joining new hosts Joakeem and Grace in our studio are two contestants known and feared by the other residents of Beijing: Martin the Destroyer, famous around Beijing for his mastery on the pub quiz circuit, as well as Ban "the terror from Qinghai" Yan, who is admittedly less intimidating in person that we were expecting.Not sure what this show is doing in your iTunes feed? After Lily's break-up with Luo Hao, we took her aside and said "relax baby, there are plenty more fish in the sea for a hot cat like you." But she kept moping about, so we had to move her desk near the elevator.
Not only were there a lot more English learners than foreigners in Beijing, but the students she picked up seemed more appreciative of her talents and receptive to her teaching methods. But during the campaign period, she saw the overwhelming support of Filipinos for her father and this changed her mind. Pero nung makita ko sa surveys na tumataas na siya at tsaka nakita ko reaction ng mga tao nung nangangampanya, napaisip na ako na talaga na baka maging president nga siya,” she said. Cruz town coming in on Saturday, the provincial board of canvassers completed the proclamation of all winning candidates in the island province on Sunday, almost a week after the elections. Cruz, prompting the Commission on Elections (Comelec) to schedule a special election on Saturday.
Leni Robredo, won by a large margin with 10,526 votes followed by Senators Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos Jr. He claimed that Duterte could have won a landslide if not for false text messages days before the election that Garin is supporting Roxas. Gideon Lasco, fellow hiker Simon Adriano of Nomad Terra Crawlers and the groups Parent Advocates of Visually Impaired Children and Resources for the Blind Inc. We don’t keep him inside the house just because of his disability,” Jong said in a recent phone interview. He also participates in long jump and hundred-meter dash competitions in the Cagayan Valley Regional Athletic Association.
He cited, for instance, American Erik Weihenmayer, who made history by being the first blind mountaineer to conquer Mount Everest in 2001. Allan Larona, an ophthalmologist who also joined the hike, said the activity brought a different kind of healing that uplifts and empowers. Walden Bello said the CPP had the capacity to overcome the obstruction of landlords to the completion of the agrarian reform program.
A new law will be needed owing to the lapsing of Carper (Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program Extension with Reforms), and I hope Congress will not prove an obstacle here,” Bello said in  a text message. Overall, this is good news if the President-elect follows through with his plans and allows the Cabinet members to perform their tasks,” Bello said. He will be a hands-on president,” Peter Lavina, Duterte’s spokesman, said in an interview with GMA 7’s State of the Nation. Duterte at one occasion called her bugoksi (stupid) for linking him to extrajudicial killings in Davao. It was prohibited under the 1987 Constitution ratified by Filipinos during the presidency of Corazon Aquino.
Once it is commissioned to service, it will be called BRP (Barkong Republika ng Pilipinas) Tarlac. It has a cruising speed of 13 knots and maximum speed of 16 knots, and a minimum operating range of 7,500 nautical miles. He ran—and won—mainly on the promise to address the peace and order situation and solve gut issues neglected by the Aquino administration, such as the horrendous traffic situation in the metropolis. Duterte’s transition team presented an eight-point economic agenda focusing on investments, infrastructure, tax reforms, social services and rural development.
An important highlight of the announcement to calm fears in the business community is that the presumptive President will continue and maintain the country’s current macroeconomic policy.
As one of Duterte’s economic advisers pointed out, the Philippines needs to align its tax system with those of other members of the Asean to be competitive.
The plan is for the national government to follow the “Davao model,” where licenses needed to start and operate a business are issued in the shortest possible time. The new regime will encourage more investors to put up processing businesses in the agricultural areas. The incoming administration has yet to formally name its economic managers, or those who will hold the trade and industry, finance, public works, energy, budget and economic planning portfolios.
For me personally, it was one exercise of a public duty that saw my status as a senior citizen upheld with all its privileges and considerations.
A young man walked up to me and courteously advised me to move to the head of the line, signaling his coworkers inside that I was a senior citizen. This also includes the volunteers of the Parish Pastoral Council for Responsible Voting and the men in uniform—the Philippine National Police and the Armed Forces of the Philippines—who kept the peace for all of us.
It goes to show that the old saying “Victory has many fathers and followers; defeat is an orphan” remains as true today as in the past. When the airport is located a good 40 minutes away as in the case of Soekarno-Hatta International Airport in Jakarta, the whole operation, including settling down one’s guests in a hotel, can take up much of your time, leaving your schedule in shambles.
Fortunately, since I met him plane-side some distance from the terminal, we had time to scrounge around and slip on a barong.
His office would send me a cable a few days in advance informing me of his arrival and he would usually show up on a Friday or Saturday evening. His meetings were usually in the offices of an Asean joint-venture fertilizer project in Aceh, the northernmost province of Indonesia where he sat in as the Philippine government representative. Antonio Andrews of Class 1949 of the PAF Flying School, one of the pioneers of the Philippine Air Force. In 2010, Aquino won 42 percent of the votes and had a 16-percent winning margin over his nearest rival, Estrada.
We can only imagine how much bigger his winning margin could have been if he were not as reckless in making those outrageous remarks.
But what bothers people is the substantial number of voters who went for him because of a yearning for a strongman who will have no qualms taking shortcuts in order to achieve results that benefit the greater number of people, even at the expense of trampling on the rights of a few.
The city-state of Singapore may have attained economic prosperity under an authoritarian government, but virtually all the other Southeast Asian countries suffered economic misery under iron-fist rulers. The overwhelming sense I gathered from all countries that experienced or are still experiencing iron-fist governments is that strongman rule is not only a curse on human rights but also a scourge that brings about economic misery. Duterte will implement his directives through a government workforce steeped in this culture. That is the kind of governance that will bring about real change in the country, and make Duterte truly deliver on his “change is coming” election promise. Many government bureaucrats create difficulty in obtaining permits, licenses and government contracts as a means to squeeze grease money from the people.
He must not curtail people’s freedoms and instill fear among the citizenry, because if he plans to confront the formidable criminals in the government and the very powerful syndicates in the business sector, he will need a noisy and quarrelsome citizenry behind him. But more responsibility arguably lies with the American broadcast journalists who amplified his schoolyard name-calling and bizarre policy views. When it came to the chores of professional journalism —fact-checking, providing historical background, and offering impartial analysis—television news channels failed to fulfill their election-year responsibilities. Spending on political advertising is skyrocketing, boosting profits at broadcast and cable news networks which have been struggling with declining viewership and lackluster revenues. News consumers are twice as likely to express the most trust in local broadcast and cable news compared to social media, attesting to voters’ reliance on television journalism to inform their thinking. Campaign spending on political advertising is expected to top $5 billion in 2016, nearly quadruple the total in 2008. And in dozens of this fall’s battleground states, where the rival campaigns will blanket the airwaves with political ads, broadcast news departments are increasingly ill-equipped to assess either the candidates or their political claims. In 2014, five companies owned one-third of the 1,400 local TV stations in the United States. According to the Pew Research Center on Journalism and the Media, the number of local television stations originating their own news programming has fallen 8 percent since 2005.
A study by the public-interest group Free Press of political advertisements during the 2012 presidential election found that stations in the six sizable television markets examined undertook virtually no reporting on the claims made in the political ads they aired.
The same Denver stations devoted only 10 minutes and 45 seconds in total to examining the accuracy of the advertisements’ claims. But this year, America’s media industry seems more inclined to bank its profits than bolster its reporting on a presidential campaign that even its senior executives acknowledge has become a circus.
In postelection frustration, she asked why, after the Edsa Revolution, one had the Mendiola massacre, the Hacienda Luisita massacre, the Ampatuan massacre, and countless extrajudicial killings.
But she felt constrained by an unspoken social convention that all became right again after Edsa, Tita Cory Aquino in her yellow dress, and the crowds singing “Bayan Ko.” Perhaps she will ask her questions in a painting and wrap it with a little of the comfortable vagueness of visual art. This has been the tone of public commentary on millennials, martial law and the election, down to the 2014 attacks on Ateneo de Manila students who took selfies with Imelda Marcos.
A vulgar meme for the 2016 elections asked that if Cory was elected after Ninoy Aquino died, and Noynoy Aquino was elected after Cory died, should Mar Roxas assassinate his wife? Education Secretary Armin Luistro has fortunately outlined that students must be taught how to check primary sources for themselves and form their own judgments, instead of institutionalizing a sermon. When youth appear receptive to moving on from that martial law thingy, they do not intend to forget it. No one knows how a critical new generation will choose to immortalize it, but if the election social media frenzy is any gauge, it will surely be as impassioned as the first drafts. As a graceful loser, she made “a first” happen since the first election under the Commonwealth government in 1935. Miriam Defensor Santiago, the tail-ender with 1.4 million votes, has yet to concede to Duterte.
Soon after voting had closed, Duterte called out to his opponents to forget the “travails” of the “quite virulent” election and to “begin the healing process.” His offer of “goodwill” was accepted. But for making the move no losing presidential candidate has ever done before, Poe has notched a significant victory. More so now that President Aquino, his fears for a Duterte presidency notwithstanding, has personally congratulated the winner and offered a smooth transition and cooperation. In our present scheme of things, the issues hampering the country are income inequality (or the lack of decent jobs) and the apparent absence of national solidarity. People from many walks of life, most especially our young professionals, now have greater influence in terms of amplifying political issues.


They are only inclined to glorify the personal attributes of a candidate, but not his or her political principles.
Politics in the country has remained personality-based and is wanting in terms of principles that catapult nations into progressive societies. Whether they will be successful in helping dismantle “artificial hells on earth,” to use Victor Hugo’s word, will not depend on the number of laws they will be able to pass, but on the collective and discursive rationality of our age.
There cannot be real empowerment in a society that is ignorant of the basic role of civil society and its important function in holding all those in positions of power accountable.
For as long as millions of Filipinos wallow under the gutter and live in misery, dissent in whatever form will not be useless.
His career in the movie industry spanned from 1935 to 1963, while the National Artist awards began only in 1972. Caparas, another prolific comic-book illustrator, who was surely still a kid when Coching was at the peak of his career, got the visual arts award in 2009. It just so happens that I have always been in the habit of searching for logic in everything I read or hear or see around.
A cash emolument of P75,000 is all that goes to the heirs of a posthumous awardee while P100,000 is given a living awardee plus lifetime pension, medical and hospitalization benefits, life insurance coverage if still insurable, and state funeral and burial at the Libingan ng mga Bayani—on top of a place of honor and recognition at national state functions and cultural presentations. Still, there is wisdom in the saying: “Aanhin pa ang damo kung patay na ang kabayo (Of what use is the grass to a horse already dead)?” But haven’t the cash emoluments been the same from Day 1? Funny, they usually support a presidential candidate who is a front-runner in voter preference surveys.
After each election, the demigods of these mundane kingdoms or the so-called “churches of the Lord Jesus Christ” are held “omnipotent” and “untouchable,” such that they can oblige our national and local leaders to grant their beckoning on matters of official appointments, judicial favors, government contracts, “referrals,” patronage politics and other religious malpractices and political crookedness. China’s possession of our territory is in perpetuity, and the ban it has imposed on our fishermen is permanent.
This is a tendentious conclusion, given the concomitant outcome of  China’s intrusion into territory that belongs to us.
Hopefully, we will maintain our vigilance about the articles which will be continually spread in our country by Beijing’s agents. The group reached out to more customers through its consolidated distribution network of 229 branches, of which 208 belonged to the parent universal bank and 21 to the rural bank. SM Prime rose by 3.15 percent while Jollibee, Megaworld and FGEN all advanced by over 2 percent. The rest of the revenues came from liquor distribution and real estate leasing business units.
Locally, the pendency of the national elections kept some investors and potential issuers at bay,” PSE president Hans Sicat said on Monday. Similarly, ABS-CBN’s expenses grew at a slower pace of 14 percent compared to an 18 percent rise in revenues. This was attributed to the booking of P73 million in unrealized foreign exchange losses from the US dollar denominated available-for-sale investments on the back of the appreciation of the peso against the US dollar at end-March this versus the end- 2015 level. It’s difficult for Age of Ultron to do much harm with Joss Whedon once again at the helm who’s already established an efficient formula on how to write and direct Cap, Stark, Thor, Hulk, Widow, and don’t you dare forget – Hawk Eye.
While this cycle of extreme violence is the bread and butter of Hotline Miami (minus the hypnotizing beats and colorfully hazed 16-bit pixels), Dennaton’s cult classic was damn near perfect, merited by both its synergistic novelty and sublime execution on the top-down, twin-stick shooter sub-genre. It’s the genre that first broke me out of my unwavering (yet surprisingly limited) Nintendo fanboyism after never getting that horrendous Mario first-person shooter that I obsessively fantasized about. Here are a few thoughts from two gamers (who incidentally live half a world away from each other), on why this invasive electronic advancement isn’t necessarily a good thing. The funny thing, though, is that half of those games were delayed until 2015, and the other half were incredibly divisive. But by the end of this 52-week wildcard we call 2014, five games have resonated with me the most, earning a spot on my Game of the Year list. Gameplay fixes are administered by proxy of tricky gauntlet-like puzzle sequences where a sleeping Vincent meets retribution for his nefarious practices.
Because of this, Journey is profoundly therapeutic, plucking you from whatever mood you're in and gently placing you into a better place within a short space of time. It’s both familiar and different, allowing the franchise to try something new without becoming completely unrecognizable. Why would anyone swing for the lowest common denominator that even the likes of Postal didn’t stoop to? Players are only equipped with static (yet swappable) loadouts, Titans, and the occasional awarded sentry turret.
This was the case within the dynasties of China and with the tribal leadership in Meso-America, Africa, and the Pacific Islands.
But it also gives a clear pattern for how the monarchy is to operate: (1) there must be law with justice, (2) the just law must apply to everyone, and (3) everyone, because created in the image of God, has certain God-given inalienable rights that no one is to seek to block or take away. These inalienable rights are guaranteed in a written constitution under which all people live. He codified that system of law in his work Liber ex lege Moise (a€?The Book of the Law of Mosesa€?) c. Bartholomewa€™s Massacre, he was forced to quickly convert to Catholicism in order to save his life.
They promoted his uncle, Charles, but after the death of Charles delayed finding a replacement.
The marriage was subsequently annulled by the pope in 1599 after Henry IV conveniently converted to Catholicism in 1593 (confiding at the time to a friend, a€?Paris is worth a massa€?).
He even brought France into the Thirty Yearsa€™ War (1618-1648) on the side of the Protestants in an attempt to deal a death blow to fellow Catholics, the Austrian Habsburgs!
The French kings never were able to rule with a€?absolute absolutism.a€? A peace of sorts was delicately maintained by an agreement -- the nobility would support the monarch if the monarch did not levy taxes them. It is interesting how a peace treaty intended to settle religious conflict in Germany was used by Louis 150 years later to maintain absolutism in France and to crush the Huguenots! Further, the other European nations, tired of Louisa€™ bullying tactics, built alliances pitted against France and did much to isolate France from the rest of Europe, negatively impacting Francea€™s economy and trade.
The traditional routes from Spain to Asia were now jeopardized by Islamic navies in the Mediterranean. If God set a king on the throne, then the common people, if they feared God, would do as the king commands -- or so the thinking went.
His daughter, Mary, controlled a predominantly Protestant Parliament with the same tactics and over 400 persons, mainly Protestant ministers and leaders, were executed under her reign. Each time Elizabeth could not get herself to execute someone whom God had placed on a throne.
Then the Catholics in England could be dealt with quietly with without causing a ruckus at home.
A code of law was was established and a history of court decisions recorded, yet there was no one written document that could be call a legitimate constitution. His marriage to Catherine of Aragon and struggles for an annulment are discussed in Unit 17. Catherine was given funding and housing for life after her marriage to Henry was annulled by Pope Clement VII.
In that treaty Louis promised military support to Charles, and to pay him a pension, and in return, Charles promised to convert to Roman Catholicism. Further fear in this regard broke out when it was discovered the Charlesa€™ brother James (and next in line as heir to become king!) was a Catholic! When the Dutch forces landed in 1688 James succumbed to fear and did not oppose them, although his own army was superior in numbers. James chose the later, fled to Paris in 1688, and was given a pension for life and security by his cousin, Louis XIV. King George V changed the family name during World War I from Hanover to Windsor to avoid the reminder of their German ancestry. Its independence was formally recognized by all of Europe in the Treaty of Westphalia of 1648.
Basically, it merged all seventeen states, for the purpose of administration, into one entity, and established that in the future, all seventeen would pass as a unit to the next emperor. Through the terms of the Treaty of Westphalia four more bordering provinces were added to the original seven, bringing the total to eleven.
Chart #2 reviews the history of the monarchy in England as it progressed from Absolutism to the passage of the English Bill of Rights and the Glorious Revolution of 1688.
The nobility (landowners) weakened the economic power of merchants (former serfs) in towns and cities by selling their agricultural goods directly to merchants in other countries, by-passing the local merchants. The emperor used his professional army to keep control in the southern German speaking areas. Charles VI arranged the acceptance of the Pragmatic Sanction which eliminated the traditional Salic Law in the empire and thus allowed his daughter, Maria Theresa, his only heir, who was to become, perhaps, the dominant female ruler of the era, to gain the throne in 1740. Surrounded by Russia to the north and the frequent invasions into Prussia by the Tartars (descendants of the Huns in Russia), Austria to the East, and France to the South, Frederick Wilhelm did not have to do much convincing of the population to show the necessity for a strong, absolutist monarchy. After his death, Michael Romanov rose to power as the first hereditary ruler in Russia, establishing the Romanov family line that lasted on the Russian throne until 1918. After suffering a humiliating defeat at the hands of Sweden in the early stages of the Great Northern War, Peter Romanov strengthened the economy, the army, and the central government.
Building a new capitol city from ground zero, he used the blood and sweat of serfs and forced cooperation by the nobles to build the city. The Ottomans continued their movement westward into Bulgaria, Greece, Romania, Croatia, Bosnia, Albania, and even as far westward as Hungary.
The city was defended by farmers, merchants, and other citizens, and by German and Spanish troops sent by the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V. The parliament of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth valued highly the trade relations they enjoyed with the Ottoman Empire and wanted nothing to harm that relationship. Holed up on the upper floors of the National Bank, the kidnappers had settled into a defensive position that would make storming the building a disastrous exercise in bloodshed, making a negotiated settlement the only practical option.]]> As a professional negotiator with more than twenty years experience on the force, Richard had dealt with hostage cases before and knew that this would be a particularly tough one to crack. Four months of paperwork, paperwork and more paperwork as Jonathan sat sullenly at home wondering when he would finally be able to go back to school. And our goal is not so much teaching anything in particular so much as producing a half-mandarin, half-english show that features higher-level vocabulary you won't run into in other learning materials. For while she had long ago become accustomed to the need for travelling light, it nonetheless seemed that there was somehow more and more to pack for each trip.]]> Xiao Wang strained to tighten the security strap around her luggage, pressing her knee against the bulging fabric to muscle the suitcase closed.
Normally, Megan and Joakeem are trapped in a discussion on how to define their relationship but during Quiz Night this week they stay off that topic for 16 uninterrupted minutes of bliss.Learning Chinese?
Its presence would spark a revolution in dissent and art both, and draw the ire of the very political establishment whose ideology it mocked. Most textbooks stop there, but we've decided to plow on with this lesson that is going to confuse things even more, by showcasing a specific case in which the two characters are actually used to mean exactly the same thing.
Not only does it help show what our recording sessions are usually like, but it provides a good excuse for talking about some of the less obvious words and phrases Chinese people use to describe more complex emotions.]]> This week at Popup Chinese, we take you behind the scenes of a recording session as Grace and Li Zhiqiang struggle to coax a decent performance out of a new voice actor. This is a bit of an easier Intermediate show than some of our more recent ones, so if you're clambering up to full fluency from the Elementary level, give it a try and see how much you can understand. Between those delays and the inevitable miscommunications with his Shenzhen supplier, it would have been easier to import Swiss equipment from the start.]]> Auric supervised the construction of his cutting laser feeling relief laced with loathing. Also on this show, what happened to the inventor of the flying car who strapped Cessena wings to a Ford Pinto.Learning Chinese? Nonetheless, as occasional coffee drinkers ourselves, we also hope that someone at Starbucks listens to this lesson if only so that corporate headquarters gets a wake-up call about how insanely frustrating it is ordering a medium coffee anywhere in the Middle Kingdom.Incidentally, if you're already used to learning Chinese with us you'll find this Chinese lesson a bit different than its predecessors. Any passage leading to the upper crawlspace was well cloaked, perhaps even sealed off years ago in the renovations that followed the death of the last schoolmaster.
Our Chinese Quiz Show at Popup Chinese is a mixed English-Chinese concept show we're developing for upper-intermediate students: a quiz game that mixes Chinese questions with just enough English to keep things intelligible.
Sure, every now and then someone would come along who thought they knew better, but had they lived in London for four months?Learning Chinese? Pero okay lang dahil lahat naman yan para sa bansa natin,” she said in an interview with GMA 7’s State of the Nation on Monday night. On their way up, the children were taught to plant tree seedlings and pick up thrash, which helped instill in them the importance of environmental conservation.
Restituto Padilla, spokesperson for the Armed Forces of the Philippines, declined comment on Duterte’s pronouncements about Sison, the CPP and ceasefire with its armed wing, the New People’s Army (NPA).
The new executive should start with the strict and faithful enforcement of laws,” De Lima told reporters when asked about the issue of death penalty on the sideline of the book launch of former Immigration commissioner Siegfred Mison on Monday.
No doubt, the Aquino administration takes credit for a sustained expansion in gross domestic product averaging a decades-high 6.2 percent anchored on a stable fiscal and monetary regime.
Currently, foreigners are barred by the Constitution from investing in certain industries reserved for Filipinos or restricted to owning no more than 40 percent in other sectors.
It promises a regime in which the government will actually help investors put up businesses instead of being a hindrance. It is hoped that Duterte will carefully deliberate on those being suggested to head these agencies.
At the desk manned by teachers, I was provided with a folder containing a ballot sheet and directed to a chair nearby instead of a booth for stand-up voters. This provides valuable insight into the character of some of the people surrounding the new president. Incidentally the Soekarno-Hatta International Airport is located at Cengkareng, about 28 kilometers west of Jakarta.
We then proceeded to a crowded VIP room where other Asean ministers in coat and tie were being welcomed formally by protocol officers and the local media.
Without much ceremony, Sonny would emerge from the plane carrying a garment bag which was all he had. Nevertheless, 16 million voters disregarded his foul words and instead judged him based on what he has done, or is perceived to have done, in Davao City. The summary killing of criminals in Davao City to ensure peace for the majority proved attractive to many voters in towns and cities troubled by the drug menace and all the crimes it generates. Singapore is presented as a model country in which an authoritarian government imposes discipline among its people, and which supposedly enabled it to achieve economic progress. The Philippines, Indonesia, Laos, Burma (Myanmar), and Cambodia are countries that suffered economic misery under authoritarian governments.
And he will wield iron-fist powers that will be implemented by a government workforce that treats power as an instrument of corruption. It is not the lack of discipline among the people that stalls the country’s progress; it is the undisciplined corruption in the government that has always stunted economic progress and allowed criminality to become widespread in our society. The presumptive President should slam his fist on the tables of these rogues in the government.
In a highly competitive market, in which legacy media companies are under pressure from Internet news sites and social media platforms, news programs quickly realized that they could leverage Trump’s outlandish behavior to attract larger audiences and strengthen their bottom lines.
The impact of this restructuring on journalism and its role in the political process should not be underestimated. And local television is on track to get the lion’s share; more than three-quarters of that spending—some $4 billion—will be earmarked for political advertisements on local broadcast and cable television channels.
Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos Jr.’s near win as vice president, the Edsa generation now bequeaths the narrative’s framing.
Marcos won 45 percent of OFW votes compared to opponent Leni Robredo’s 19 percent, and there are few very young OFWs. This unconsciously implies millennials must be guilty for not yet being born in 1986 and not learning the facts of martial law from textbooks prescribed by their elders. However, can one similarly dismiss a young idealist who wants to talk about the SAF 44 or the Kidapawan farmers more than martial law? Underneath this black humor, however, lurks the question of whether it is time to add events beyond 1986 to the narrative. Or pati iyon, nanakawin mo pa rin (Or will you steal even that)?” But individualistic millennials note that criticism of Bongbong Marcos still returns to martial law. At that time, returns from 81.18 percent of the precincts nationwide had been reported in the unofficial count and Duterte was leading her (at third place) and Mar Roxas (at second place), by more than 6 million votes. When I offer [peace], that’s without exemption, but if they don’t accept my goodwill, fine; then I will accept it.
Speaking in Filipino at a press conference and referring to Duterte by his nickname, Roxas said: “Let’s respect and accept the will of the people. The first is simply a result of the noninclusive type of economic growth in the Philippines. The young have become a great source of rich philosophical commentaries and pleas for sociopolitical reform. Yet, given our situation, the desire for change can be used to inspire transformation in terms of mainstreaming the role of political parties, the hallmark of most modern states, in transitory democracies like the Philippines.
Beyond one’s right of suffrage, nation-building will require the meaningful involvement of every citizen in the state. Political reform in the country can be realized only if active citizen participation is sustained. Clearly, then, Conde’s great works antedated those of film category awardees Gerardo de Leon (1982) and Lino Brocka (1997).
Then, alas, what a whale of another kind of savings the government has kept amassing from the horrendous inflation throughout the last 44 years! China’s ban embraces not only a limited area but the entire South China Sea as defined under the spurious nine-dash line. No wonder, these cheap Chinese arms are weapons of choice of insurgents not only in the Philippines, but all over the globe. He also managed the bank’s special business units and several subsidiaries and exercised direct oversight over non-revenue areas including information systems, human resources, and central operations.
That said however, like many sequels, Age of Ultron doesn’t quite measure up to the first Avengers as it’s often too self-indulgent, leaving a less muscular superhero action film.
However instead of fleshing out a story built around physical conflict riddled in bullets and scrap metal ala the much lesser successful film, Chappie, Ex Machina weaponizes the use of wits and emotional manipulation. Hotline Miami 2: Wrong Number, however, is nowhere near as modest or as lean as the original as it’s characteristically manic in every way shape and form. Would Evolve ever live up to being the second coming of the co-op driven shooter after the studio’s success with Left 4 Dead? I play multiplayer games for little more than self-merit, and I find that the most effective use of my mic is to silence the voices coming out of my television. Bold neon pixel art mixed with solid shooting flair and dash of current video game trends encapsulate what this bit-sized arcade title – now brought over to the 3DS from Steam and PlayStation platforms – has to offer.
So whenever an interesting new title is introduced to the genre, my cravings begin to swell. The question “don’t you realize?” challenges any form of neglect or dismissiveness in order to re-orient those who choose to remain resistant to progressive diversity. The game skirts between the mundane and the wacky as Vincent attempts to come to terms with what he truly wants from life. There was something exhilaratingly epic about monkeying your way up a rapidly crumbling tower to some iconic classical bangers. Why would anyone design a system of actions and rewards that revolves around killing fleeing innocents in a school setting? Now the question arose, a€?How should we govern ourselves?a€? or to be more accurate, asked the question, a€?Now that we have fought our way to the top, how will we govern this country?a€? They had no patterns or role models to follow. The excitement of the discoveries in the Renaissance and explorations in the New World began to fade. If you lived two feet on the other side of the state line your were compelled to be a Catholic.
Full time, professional armies led to the frequent wars for expansion that characterized this period.
His marriage with Margaret was not a successful marriage, with both Henry and Margaret often separating and engaging in infidelity.
Henry took that opportunity to wage war against the Catholic north in order to secure the crown. In 1600 Henry then married Marie de Medici, daughter of the Duke of Tuscany (Florence, Italy) and a devout Catholic. At the time most people simply identified themselves by the region or town in which they lived. Mercantilism looked good on paper, but if no one in Europe will trade with France, the economy suffers greatly. Mercantilism is the philosophy and practice of a national economy that is controlled almost entirely by the central government. Spain needed new income to replenish a bankrupt treasurer emptied by the struggle to defeat the Moors. But she used the strength of her personality and popular support among the people to wield great power over Parliament. But on the third occasion, the petition from Parliament was so strong and the rationale so convincing, the Elizabeth finally relented and issued the death warrant for Mary.
The issue also involved the kinga€™s right to levy taxes and tariffs to fund his expenses apart from Parliamenta€™s consent. If they gave one inch they would compromise their authority to control the funding of the monarchy.
Parliament continued to exercise some degree of power because it possessed the purse strings. As a sop, thrown in their direction with a view to pacifying them, but with an ulterior motive, James permitted them to publish a new English translation of the Bible.
His frequent conflicts with Parliament resulted in his dissolving Parliament on three separate occasions when they did not yield to his wishes. This greatly threatened the privileged position of the Church of England and furthered the resentment and opposition to his rule.
However, the move notified Spain that any attempts to overthrow the move for independence would result in French involvement. Michael built a strong central government, opened relations with other European countries, expanded Russiaa€™s territory, developed a government bureaucracy, and created Russiaa€™s first professional army. The many ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups made the centralization of government difficult. For instance, Jews and Christians were not permitted to ride horses, could not walk on the same side of the street as Muslims, were frequently forced to yield their 12-year old sons and daughters as slaves, and were generally treated as lower class people. It had been a long wait, but today, at least, his parents would get an answer to that question.]]> The admission process had already taken four months. Our annotated transcript is there as always in case you have difficulty.]]> Rather than a regular podcast, today we are pleased to publish a longer Elementary dialogue designed to test your listening comprehension. Today, join us and learn everything from the name of Goldman Sachs in Chinese, to the essential catchphrases needed to outsource your thesis to somewhere south of Wuhan. The Popup Chinese Quiz Night is easy-to-digest mixed-language edutainment for intermediate learners. Our Popup Chinese quiz show is intended for people who already have pretty good mandarin but are looking for a fun way to expand their vocabulary. And that's because we don't really teach standard mandarin so much as the bizarre subset of it needed by anyone growing weary of repeating themselves about seventy or eighty times to make sure they get the right-sized drink, or going through the physical pantomime we call the "Starbucks dance", a highly repetitive ritual between you and your barista that involves rhythmic turn-based pointing at the cup rack.]]> Popup Towers has nothing against Starbucks. And with Miss Gruntle known to prowl the school grounds at night, their only opportunity to truly explore opened them to the risk of a lifetime of lashings.
We're still tweaking the balance, but if you're stretching past the intermediate level and looking for fun listening materials we think you'll like it -- our topics today range from general China knowledge to popular and not-so-popular singers, as well as a final category with language we hope none of us ever to have to use. In this show, the second time our Chinese tutor has surfaced, we cover some essential classroom vocabulary you may have missed: words and phrases like "say it again" and "what fresh hell is this". Otherwise, such appointments will always be met with skepticism and distrust by our people.”  With reports from Julie M.
It became a people powered-election campaign,” he said in explaining why Duterte swamped his rivals. Relaxing these restrictions had long been suggested by various business organizations, which contend that opening more sectors to foreign investors will hopefully bring an end to inefficient or underperforming monopolies in the industries. So is the strengthening of the basic education system and the provision of scholarships for tertiary education, which, Duterte’s team believes, is relevant to the needs of the private sector, or matching what is taught with what is demanded in the field. The people he will name to these posts will largely determine the success of his economic agenda. The airport is named after the late president Soekarno and his vice president and one-time prime minister Mohammad Hatta.
He struck me as a hardworking, no-nonsense type of person, although unlike other workaholics he had a warm and friendly disposition that made it easy to get along with him. And now Malaysia and Thailand are experiencing economic decline by reason of authoritarian rulers. To give Third World governments iron-fist powers will only give people in the government more powers to commit more corruption. The 168 stations owned or operated today by Sinclair Broadcasting, the largest of the five, are a case in point; Sinclair broadcasts in 81 local markets, reaching nearly 40 percent of the US population. In four of the television markets the researchers assessed, nearly 100 percent of the stories broadcast by “news sharing” stations used the same videos and scripts.
It will be shaped by young voters who do not disbelieve martial law’s horrors, but are critical of how much work remains to make democracy real.
When Bongbong Marcos trumpets his 1998-2007 track record as governor of Ilocos Norte, the response is “Never again!” When Bongbong Marcos debates the Bangsamoro Basic Law in 2015, the response is “Never again!” This is unimpressive engagement of a democratically elected senator. The second can be traced to the problem of regionalism and the unresolved Bangsamoro issue. Still, the problem is that our political parties have remained a nonfactor in our democracy, when from a theoretical and a practical point of view, political parties are supposed to be the heart and soul of political discourse.
Good citizenship, rooted in the pursuit of the common good, should be instrumental in making every Filipino politically informed. With offense or malice toward none, one wonders how these two “movie greats” got their awards for film quite a long way ahead of Conde.
If that does not lead toward a continuing “trivialization” or virtual devaluation of an otherwise so highly revered Pambansang Alagad ng Sining ng Pilipinas, I do not know what else will. It turned out that one main feature of the communist system was to use agents of disinformation to undermine countries which had been selected as subjects of subversion.
This is no longer the case with the airfields in the artificial islands that China constructed barely 200 kilometers away. Now with these Chinese artificial islands only 200 km away, China can distribute these arms on an overnight trip by speedboat to our insurgents.
It’s talented, charming, attractive, and a hell of a lot of fun, but it’s also overly ambitious, tangibly incohesive, and carries on for far too long. All of these were valid concerns, especially considering the worrisome alpha and beta, which quickly revealed discrepancies in this angelic silhouette. And while signs of industry growing pains have been present throughout the entirety of 2014, game makers have clearly listened, ultimately making significant adjustments as to who is represented in our games.
Drama, heartbreak and indecision ensue as Vincent attempts to choose between long-time partner Katherine and new impromptu flame, Catherine.
Catherine entertained from start to finish, all the while offering up searching questions about relationships, people and humanity. I was swift to believe that such subject matter was completely off limits in the realm of video games.
Imagine yourself to be the head of the XYZ Family who through warfare and intrigue just gained control over the country of Bakonia. Central governments attempted to deal with the increasing problems of stagnation and decline by (1) building larger armies, (2) forming larger bureaucracies, (3) raising greater taxes to pay for the armies and bureaucrats, and (4) generally creating a stronger central sovereignty by also controlling the military, economy, production, the court system, and in most cases, religion. This second marriage produced six children, including Henrya€™s heir to the throne, Louis XIII. The central government determines the prices of goods, controls export and import quotas, determines the numbers established for industrial production, and sets as its goal a controlled market where exports outnumber imports.
They in turn kept her in check because she needed their approval for funding to keep her court afloat.
The rationale given was that so long as Mary was alive, the Catholic monarch on the continent and the pope in Rome will not cease their attempts to overthrow Elizabeth in order to set Catholic Mary on the throne and thereby recapture England for Rome. The debate was taken to the judicial officers of England who finally ruled that the king could not.
The House of Lancaster won the battle in 1485, and then reconciled the two family lines through marriage.
After failing to produce a surviving male heir was accused of adultery and executed, leaving behind young daughter, Elizabeth. Since the Tudors produced no heirs, James, a cousin to Elizabeth, became also King of England as James I. Because James authorized its publication, it became known as the Authorized Version of the King James Bible (1611). James also appointed numerous Catholics to faculty positions at Cambridge and Oxford, began to purge Parliament of all his dissenters, began a screening process to allow only his supporters to run for Parliament if he should again call it into session, and of greatest concern, his wife gave birth to a first son.
The people were unified by nationalism and generally given freedom to practice private ownership of property, freedom of movement, freedom of religion, and freedom to practice their vocations. The vastness of the empire, poor communication, and poor transportation further hindered Russiaa€™s development. Therefore, they forbad Jan III, the king of Poland, who was in command of the commonwealtha€™s army, to go to the rescue of the Austrians against the Ottomans. While we don't walk through the recording line-by-line, David and Grace do point out some of the more difficult bits, including some revolutionary language you may not yet know. Our goal is offering up stimulating high-level vocabulary that can help you hone your listening comprehension and vocab while havng fun, or at least enjoying the warm feeling of knowing that your Chinese is better than that of the Swedish guy who is hosting the show.]]> Did you ever thumb through a fresh copy of City Weekend and wonder why the Readers' Choice Award for Creepiest Park in Beijing has been awarded to Jingshan Park every year since the mid-1660s? This week we have nine questions split into three thematic categories, covering everything from mouthwash to our favorite ineffective Chinese herbal remedies. Listen up and find out why.]]> After a lengthy hiatus, we're pleased to release another episode of our Chinese Quiz Night. So if you can't yet understand Chinese spoken at natural speed but are getting there, give this show a listen and let us know what you think in the comments section.]]> Teaching Chinese may have been Xiao Wang's first love, but diversifying into English just made business sense.
When pressed for more information on the mysterious connection to the incoming administration, my friend recalled that during his campaign sorties, Mayor Duterte would always say, “I will iliminate the criminals and drug lords in six months.
In the early days of their revolt against the Dutch, the two men complemented each other perfectly. I was reminded of former US president Jimmy Carter who was once photographed lugging his own garment bag in the early days of his presidency. I said to myself that it is people like Sonny Dominguez who can make things happen whether in the private sector or in government, and any undertaking could use more of his kind. For instance, given the noninclusive nature of Philippine economic growth, the platform of continuity has not worked. Unless the electorate realizes this vital element, all those social media wars will be pointless. The presence of our democratic institutions must be felt in the margins of our society and by the most disadvantaged sectors. A worse outcome of the near presence of these Chinese bases is it facilitates China’s ability to subvert our country.
Our long coastline and the limited resources of our Navy and coast guard will make it near-impossible for us to stop these arms supply runs. In the same way the dividing line between Anglican England and Presbyterian Scotland also took on importance, as did the line separating Protestant Switzerland from Catholic France and Catholic Austria. It is also Peoplea€™s Law -- the people agree concerning how they will be governed, who will govern them, and, in turn, they vow to live cooperatively under the law. His ulterior motive was to rid England of the Geneva Bible, an earlier English translation that was published in Geneva. Now his Protestant daughters were not in line to ascend the throne, it would be a Catholic heir. Nevertheless, by reducing the common people to serfdom, requiring them to give summer months to government projects, and compelling the nobility to serve in a new military-civilian bureaucracy, Peter gained the controlling upper hand.
Petersburg (notice his humility in naming the city for himself!) following the best in European architecture and culture -- but as a capitol city of a population in which 90% of the people were serfs.
Defying the Commonwealtha€™s parliament, the Jan III marched his troops south to Vienna where they came to the rescue of the outnumbered troops of the Holy Roman Empire. The boys were castrated and then trained as personal body guards and shock troopers for the Caliph or Sultan. So take a listen and let us know what you think.]]> The government had first dismissed rumours of the city's impending water scarcity, yet as the months dragged on and the supply trucks grew less and less frequent, public denial morphed into slow acceptance as the city baked. So if you're an upper-level student, check out the show and let us know what you think.]]> Occasionally, we think back on our years in China and look back at our casual brushes with death with the sort of nostalgia other people feel for high school prom. Without the unity of a people, lasting social and political transformation will simply remain a farfetched proposition. So here's the question I asked: Could players like me, isolated competitors, enjoy a game like Evolve? The Polish-Lithuanian army arrived the very night before the Ottomans played to complete their tunnels under the walls of Vienna!
The airport is probably the only such facility in the world honoring two individuals who were their nation’s first president and vice president. Roxas’ protest against Binay in the 2010 vice presidential contest still stands at the Presidential Electoral Tribunal. And we have to remove them from society by locking them away because they willingly choose to not live by the law of the land. This opened the door for the long-enduring caliphate that was formed in Istanbul which existed from the fall of Constantinople in 1453 A.D. THESE VERY SAME ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES, WHO HAVE SWORN TO PROTECT AND SERVE, OUR COUNTRY, AND CITIZENS ,ARE BUT SOME, OF THE CORRUPT,GREEDY TRAITORS .ENGAGED IN THE TYRANNY AND TORTURE.
Thus, the King James Bible was authorized but the notes from the Geneva Bible were not allowed to be included in the Authorized Version of 1611. Marriage was never really consummated because Henry was displeased with her almost immediately after the wedding. The president, and senators, and generals in the army, and all the people in major positions all have to obey the same law. If the president ever robbed a bank he would go to jail just like a homeless person would if he robbed a bank.
The school district has moved to a biometric identification program, saying students will no longer have to use an ID card to buy lunch.A  BIOMETRICS TO TRACK YOUR KIDS!!!!!i»?i»?A TARGETED INDIVIDUALS, THE GREEDY CRIMINALS ARE NOW CONDONING THEIR TECH! Paul Weindling, history of medicine professor at Oxford Brookes University, describes his search for the lost victims of Nazi experiments.
The chairman of the board at ESL a€” then proprietor of the desert wasteland in Nevada known as a€?Area 51a€? a€” was William Perry, who would be appointed secretary of defense several years later. EUCACH.ORG PanelIn a 2-hour wide-ranging Panel with Alfred Lambremont Webre on the Transhumanist Agenda, Magnus Olsson, Dr. Henning Witte, and Melanie Vritschan, three experts from the European Coalition Against Covert Harassment, revealed recent technological advances in human robotization and nano implant technologies, and an acceleration of what Melanie Vritschan characterized as a a€?global enslavement programa€?.Shift from electromagnetic to scalar wavesThese technologies have now shifted from electromagnetic wave to scalar waves and use super quantum computers in the quantum cloud to control a€?pipesa€? a reference to the brains of humans that have been taken over via DNA, via implants that can be breathed can breach the blood-brain barrier and then controlled via scalar waved on a super-grid. Eventually, such 'subvocal speech' systems could be used in spacesuits, in noisy places like airport towers to capture air-traffic controller commands, or even in traditional voice-recognition programs to increase accuracy, according to NASA scientists."What is analyzed is silent, or sub auditory, speech, such as when a person silently reads or talks to himself," said Chuck Jorgensen, a scientist whose team is developing silent, subvocal speech recognition at NASA Ames Research Center in California's Silicon Valley. We numbered the columns and rows, and we could identify each letter with a pair of single-digit numbers," Jorgensen said.
People in noisy conditions could use the system when privacy is needed, such as during telephone conversations on buses or trains, according to scientists."An expanded muscle-control system could help injured astronauts control machines. If an astronaut is suffering from muscle weakness due to a long stint in microgravity, the astronaut could send signals to software that would assist with landings on Mars or the Earth, for example," Jorgensen explained. These are processed to remove noise, and then we process them to see useful parts of the signals to show one word from another," Jorgensen said.After the signals are amplified, computer software 'reads' the signals to recognize each word and sound.
Our Research and Development Division has been in contact with the Federal Bureau of Prisons, the California Department of Corrections, the Texas Department of Public Safety, and the Massachusetts Department of Correction to run limited trials of the 2020 neural chip implant. We have established representatives of our interests in both management and institutional level positions within these departments. Federal regulations do not yet permit testing of implants on prisoners, but we have entered nto contractual agreements with privatized health care professionals and specified correctional personnel to do limited testing of our products. We need, however, to expand our testing to research how effective the 2020 neural chip implant performs in those identified as the most aggressive in our society. In California, several prisoners were identified as members of the security threat group, EME, or Mexican Mafia.
They were brought to the health services unit at Pelican Bay and tranquilized with advanced sedatives developed by our Cambridge,Massachussetts laboratories. The results of implants on 8 prisoners yielded the following results: a€?Implants served as surveillance monitoring device for threat group activity. However, during that period substantial data was gathered by our research and development team which suggests that the implants exceed expected results. One of the major concerns of Security and the R & D team was that the test subject would discover the chemial imbalance during the initial adjustment period and the test would have to be scurbbed. However, due to advanced technological developments in the sedatives administered, the 48 hour adjustment period can be attributed t prescription medication given to the test subjects after the implant procedure. One of the concerns raised by R & D was the cause of the bleeding and how to eliminate that problem. Unexplained bleeding might cause the subject to inquire further about his "routine" visit to the infirmary or health care facility.
Security officials now know several strategies employed by the EME that facilitate the transmission of illegal drugs and weapons into their correctional facilities. One intelligence officier remarked that while they cannot use the informaiton that have in a court of law that they now know who to watch and what outside "connections" they have. The prison at Soledad is now considering transferring three subjects to Vacaville wher we have ongoing implant reserach. Our technicians have promised that they can do three 2020 neural chip implants in less than an hour. Soledad officials hope to collect information from the trio to bring a 14 month investigation into drug trafficking by correctional officers to a close. Essentially, the implants make the unsuspecting prisoner a walking-talking recorder of every event he comes into contact with. There are only five intelligence officers and the Commisoner of Corrections who actually know the full scope of the implant testing. In Massachusetts, the Department of Corrections has already entered into high level discussion about releasing certain offenders to the community with the 2020 neural chip implants. Our people are not altogether against the idea, however, attorneys for Intelli-Connection have advised against implant technology outside strick control settings.
While we have a strong lobby in the Congress and various state legislatures favoring our product, we must proceed with the utmost caution on uncontrolled use of the 2020 neural chip. If the chip were discovered in use not authorized by law and the procedure traced to us we could not endure for long the resulting publicity and liability payments. Massachusetts officials have developed an intelligence branch from their Fugitive Task Force Squad that would do limited test runs under tight controls with the pre-release subjects. Correctons officials have dubbed these poetnetial test subjects "the insurance group." (the name derives from the concept that the 2020 implant insures compliance with the law and allows officials to detect misconduct or violations without question) A retired police detective from Charlestown, Massachusetts, now with the intelligence unit has asked us to consider using the 2020 neural chip on hard core felons suspected of bank and armored car robbery. He stated, "Charlestown would never be the same, we'd finally know what was happening before they knew what was happening." We will continue to explore community uses of the 2020 chip, but our company rep will be attached to all law enforcement operations with an extraction crrew that can be on-site in 2 hours from anywhere at anytime.
We have an Intelli-Connection discussion group who is meeting with the Director of Security at Florence, Colorado's federal super maximum security unit.
The initial discussions with the Director have been promising and we hope to have an R & D unit at this important facilitly within the next six months. Napolitano insisted that the department was not planning on engaging in any form of ideological profiling.
I will tell him face-to-face that we honor veterans at DHS and employ thousands across the department, up to and including the Deputy Secretary," Ms. Steve Buyer of Indiana, the ranking Republican on the House Committee on Veterans' Affairs, called it "inconceivable" that the Obama administration would categorize veterans as a potential threat.



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