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Julie Mora-Blanco remembers the day, in the summer of 2006, when the reality of her new job sunk in. It was a warm, sunny morning, and she was sitting at her desk in the company’s office, located above a pizza shop in San Mateo, an idyllic and affluent suburb of San Francisco. Mora-Blanco’s team — 10 people in total — was dubbed The SQUAD (Safety, Quality, and User Advocacy Department). Mora-Blanco sat next to Misty Ewing-Davis, who, having been on the job a few months, counted as an old hand.
Ewing-Davis calmly walked Mora-Blanco through her next steps: hit "Strike," suspend the user, and forward the person’s account details and the video to the SQUAD team’s supervisor.
Mora-Blanco is one of more than a dozen current and former employees and contractors of major internet platforms from YouTube to Facebook who spoke to us candidly about the dawn of content moderation. In its earliest days, YouTube attracted a small group of people who mostly shared videos of family and friends. Sometimes exhausted, sometimes elated, and always under intense pressure, the SQUAD reviewed all of YouTube’s flagged content, developing standards as they went. By fall 2006, working with data and video illustrations from the SQUAD, YouTube’s lawyer, head of policy, and head of support created the company’s first booklet of rules for the team, which, Mora-Blanco recalls, was only about six pages long.
As YouTube grew up, so did the videos uploaded to it: the platform became an increasingly important host for newsworthy video. In the summer of 2009, Iranian protesters poured into the streets, disputing the presidential victory of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. On June 20th, the team was confronted with a video depicting the death of a young woman named Neda Agha-Soltan.
The Policy team worked quickly with the legal department to relax its gratuitous violence policy, on the fly creating a newsworthiness exemption. The moderators of these platforms — perched uneasily at the intersection of corporate profits, social responsibility, and human rights — have a powerful impact on free speech, government dissent, the shaping of social norms, user safety, and the meaning of privacy.
While public debates rage about government censorship and free speech on college campuses, customer content management constitutes the quiet transnational transfer of free-speech decisions to the private, corporately managed corners of the internet where people weigh competing values in hidden and proprietary ways.
During a panel at this year’s South by Southwest, Monika Bickert, Facebook’s head of global product policy, shared that Facebook users flag more than one million items of content for review every day. A prevailing narrative, as one story in The Atlantic put it, is that the current system of content moderation is "broken." For users who’ve been harmed by online content, it is difficult to argue that "broken" isn’t exactly the right word. In an October 2014 Wired story, Adrian Chen documented the work of front line moderators operating in modern-day sweatshops.
But as hidden as that army is, the orders it follows are often even more opaque — crafted by an amalgam of venture capitalists, CEOs, policy, community, privacy and trust and safety managers, lawyers, and engineers working thousands of miles away. At industry leaders such as Facebook, Pinterest, and YouTube, the moderation process is improving drastically; at other platforms it might as well be 2006. The details of moderation practices are routinely hidden from public view, siloed within companies and treated as trade secrets when it comes to users and the public. Dave Willner was at Facebook between 2008 and 2013, most of that time as head of content policy, and is now in charge of community policy at Airbnb.
Anne Collier, the founder of iCanHelpline, a social media tool for schools, suggests that users have not yet recognized their collective power to fix the harms users have themselves created in social media.
Some of the larger companies — notably Facebook and Google — engage civil society through the creation of expert task forces and targeted subject matter working sessions dedicated to the problem of online harassment and crime. In the earliest "information wants to be free" days of the internet, objectives were lofty. Section 230 is widely cherished as the "most important law on the Internet," credited with making possible a "trillion or so dollars of value" according to David Post, legal scholar and fellow at the Center for Democracy and Technology.
Over the next decade, companies and governments honed these first-generation moderation tools, refining policies and collapsing the myth that cyberspace existed on a separate plane from real life, free from the realities of regulation, law, and policy. Members of the team quickly showed signs of stress — anxiety, drinking, trouble sleeping — and eventually managers brought in a therapist. Around 2008, she recalls, YouTube expanded moderation to offices in Dublin, Ireland and Hyderabad, India. Soon after the expansion, Mora-Blanco found herself debating a flagged video that appeared to show a group of students standing in a circle with two boys brawling in the middle.
Cultural perspective is a constant and pervasive issue, despite attempts to make "objective" rules. The screener was instructed to take down videos depicting drug-related violence in Mexico, while those of political violence in Syria and Russia were to remain live. When Dave Willner arrived at Facebook in 2008, the team there was working on its own "one-pager" of cursory, gut-check guidelines.
For people like Dave and Charlotte Willner, the questions are as complex now as they were a decade ago. In the absence of a perfectly automated system, Willner said, there are two kinds of human moderation. While Willner is bound by an NDA to not discuss the document, a leaked Facebook cheat sheet used by freelance moderators made news in 2012. The "Sex and Nudity" section perhaps best illustrates the regulations’ subjectivity and cultural biases. In 2012, for instance, when headlines were lauding social media for its role in catalyzing the Arab Spring, a Syrian protester named Dana Bakdounes posted a picture of herself with a sign advocating for women’s equal rights. The majority of industry insiders and experts we interviewed described moderation as siloed off from the rest of the organization. Joi Podgorny is former vice president at ModSquad, which provides content moderation to a range of marquee clients, from the State Department to the NFL. Brian Pontarelli, CEO of the moderation software company Inversoft, echoes the observation. When senior executives do get involved, they tend to parachute in during moments of crisis. Likewise the words of former Twitter CEO Dick Costolo in an internal memo, published by The Verge in February 2015. Mora-Blanco worked for five years at Twitter, where she said, "there was a really strong cultural appreciation for the Trust & Safety team," responsible for moderation related to harassment and abuse. According to a source close to the moderation process at Reddit, the climate there is far worse.
In the wake of public outrage over CelebGate — the posting on Reddit of hacked private photos of more than 100 women celebrities — a survey of more than 16,000 Redditors found that 50 percent of those who wouldn’t recommend Reddit cited "hateful or offensive content or community" as the reason why.
The sharp contrast between Facebook, with its robust and long-standing Safety Advisory Board, and Reddit, with its skeletal staff and dark pools of offensive content, offers up a vivid illustration for how content moderation has evolved in isolated ways within individual corporate enclaves. A writer who goes by Erica Munnings and asked that we not use her real name out of fear of retaliation, found herself on the receiving end of one such attack, which she describes as a "high-consequence game of whack-a-mole across multiple social media platforms for days and weeks." After writing a feminist article that elicited conservative backlash, a five-day "Twitter-flogging" ensued. When we met with Charlotte Willner, now Pinterest’s Safety Manager, the film Fifty Shades of Grey had just been released. The calls were not easy, but it was clear that her team was making decisions on a remarkably granular level.
On that same South by Southwest panel, Rosen expressed concerns about both corporate regulation of free speech and newly stringent European Union regulations such as the Right to be Forgotten.
Several sources told us that industry insiders, frustrated by their isolation, have begun moving independently of their employers.
One front-line expert, Jennifer Puckett, has worked in moderation for more than 15 years and now serves as social reputation manager heading up the Digital Safety Team at Emoderation.
Growing numbers of researchers are developing technology tooled to understand user-generated content, with companies hawking unique and proprietary analytics and algorithms that attempt to measure meaning and predict behavior.
In May 2014, Dave Willner and Dan Kelmenson, a software engineer at Facebook, patented a 3D-modeling technology for content moderation designed around a system that resembles an industrial assembly line. High atop a mountain in Eastern Turkey is a giant, 5,000-year-old wooden ship reportedly containing hundreds of stalls and cages. Former Islamic Terrorist Walid Shoebat and grandson of a Muslim Mukhtar (chieftain), has converted and is now conducting conducting worlwide lectures, giving rate insight into the mind of a Jihadist. Years ago he made such predictions as that of Islamic terror cells rising up out of American soil, and described how they would strike at the U.S. In school we learned about the powerful Ottoman Empire but since then Turkey has faded into near obscurity.
Never before in the history of the nation of Israel has there every been a Judeo-Christian political party--until now. Americans in the Middle is a two part video series by Mark Muller who gives a clarion call for citizens of the United States to take back our country from socialist usurpers. Dan the Animal Man gives a marvelous address on the wonder of animals and nature around us while exotic animals are crawling all over him throughout his entire talk!
Burke Balch, Director of the Powell Center for Medical Ethics, a division of the National Right to Life Committee, gives a strongly passionate and convincing argument against national government healthcare. Three nationally renowned pro-life experts speak out authoritatively on one of the seminal issues of the century. Actor Stephen Baldwin kicks off the Values Voters Summit, encouraging viewers hold strong in faith and to follow The American Dream from a Christian perspective and challenging today's youth to take part in holding the line in culture wars.
In this debut episode of Business and Ethics, Pastor Ben Kinchlow teams up with Business CEO David Armstrong to discuss topics having to do with business and with ethics. Exposing Leftist attempts to rewrite educational history, Candi Cushman of Focus on the Family gives unassailable proof that the U. The second video in the "Standing Strong on Principles" series: Have you ever been torn between doing the right thing and doing what is most expedient? Ben Kinchlow interviews David Armstrong, CEO of Armstrong International, a 109-year-old family-owned company that operates with one single business policy, The Golden Rule, "Do unto others as you would have others do unto you." A company without time clocks? John Ziegler sat down with Governor Sarah Palin in her home in Wasilla, Alaska for a candid and rare 43-minute interview to discuss her 2008 campaign. The eye-opening documentary chronicles the accelerating rate of social decay in America, its implications and what can be done about it. John McTernan documents how disasters of biblical proportions happen in the United States each time our nation's leadership pressures Israel to give up their God-given Promised Land. Todaya€™s News stories include: 1) Doctora€™s shortage due to national healthcare, 2) Lehman funneled funds to scamarama covert company, 3) Science a€?Czara€™ John Holdren lecturing students that America cannot be number one forever, urging the a€?de-developmenta€™ of America, and 4) Cuba imprisons American for giving free cell phones to Cubans. Today's News stories include: 1) Oklahoma City Bombing 15th year anniversary, 2) Top Iraq Al Qaeda leader reported killed, 3) Couple brutally beaten at Republican Leadership Conference, 4) Lieberman may subpoena White House over Fort Hoot investigation stonewalling, 5) Wall Street Reform and the new ObamaBank .
Exclusive CleanTV Special News Feature coverage of the April 15, 2010 Tax Day TEA Party protest demonstration in Raleigh, North Carolina. CleanTV News Special broadcast on April 23, 2010, about redacted court records that accidentally got un-redacted, incriminating Barack Obama to the point that, if fairly reported, will likely lead to the resignation of Barack Obama.
Today's News stories include: 1) South Carolina Republican Senator Lindsey Graham angrily announced he was dropping out of the energy bill negotiations. Todaya€™s News stories include: 1) Oil slick expected to reach Louisiana land sometime today, 2) Obama is asking Congress to provide an exemption from Iran sanctions to China and Russia, 3) Is Puerto Rico about to become the 51st state? Todaya€™s News stories include: 1) United Airlines and Continental Airlines are expected to announce later today that they have agreed to a $3 billion merger that will create the worlda€™s biggest airline.
Todaya€™s CleanTV Headline News stories include: 1) As Americans prepare for Mother's Day, Italians are shocked by the death of an aborted baby who lived nearly a full day after being torn from the mother.
2) Today is the 40th Anniversary of the Kent State Riots but newly released FBI files shows riot was pre-planned. A piece of luggage reportedly exploded at the George Bush Intercontinental Airport, 20 miles due north of Houston, Texas. Todaya€™s News stories include: 1) Today is the National Day of Prayer 2) War drums are beating faster and louder in the Middle East as Syria and Iran have just given advanced M600 rockets to Hezbollah in Lebanon. Summary: Imagine what you could do with 30% to 40% more time on your handsa€”and with more effective results. Todaya€™s News stories include: 1) Attempts to plug that massive oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico hit at least a temporary snag this weekend. Todaya€™s News stories include: 1) Barack Obama has nominated 50-year-old (graphic) Elena Kagan to the United States Supreme Court. Todaya€™s News stories include: 1) David Cameron became Britaina€™s new prime minister after Gordon Brown stepped down. Todaya€™s News stories include: 1) Federal law enforcement officers raided multiple Northeast locations Northeast yesterday, taking into custody three people believed to be associated with the Pakistani Taliban failed car bombing in Times Square. Todaya€™s News stories include: 1) Marquette University President Father Robert Wild is taking heat from the homosexual lobby for withdrawing an offer to be dean of the school to Jodi O'Brien, a flagrant openly lesbian professor. Todaya€™s News stories include: 1) General Motors reported a net gain of $865 million dollars. Todaya€™s News stories include: 1) Super Tuesdaya€™s election defeat of Senator Arlen Specter and win by Rand Paul have fueled anti-incumbent fever into an unprecedented frenzy but the purging continues with longtime Republican Congressman Mark Souder of Indiana resigning over an affair with a staffer. Todaya€™s News stories include: 1) Why is Barack Obama sending a 5-man team of nuclear physicists to the Gulf of Mexico to plug oil leak in the Deepwater Horizon well in the Gulf of Mexico? Todaya€™s News stories include: 1) Jews for Jesus founder Moishe Rosen dead at 78 years youn. Todaya€™s News stories include: 1) A Secret Service van carrying Bill Clinton to a Connecticut commencement speech was rear-ended and damaged on Sunday, but the former President was apparently not injured. Todaya€™s News stories include: 1) Rasmussen Poll shows Barack Obama's popularity has reached an all time low with 56% of American voters disapproving and only 42% approving of his performance. Todaya€™s News stories include: 1) The National Debt of the United States of America has just surpassed the staggering 13 trillion dollar mark. Todaya€™s News stories include: 1) Nearly 18 months after Texas Governor Rick Perry sent a letter to the Obama White House asking for additional Federal troops to guard the statea€™s border with Mexico, Perry has yet to hear any response to his request.
Todaya€™s News stories include: 1) Barack Obama skipped Memorial Day services at Arlington National Cemetery, opting instead to take his family to Chicago for a casual time with friends.
Todaya€™s News stories include: 1) Repeal of Dona€™t Ask, Dona€™t Tell rules in military could usher in wave of HIV-tainted blood to soldiers on the battlefield. This is the first in a series of inspirational music, written by a young anonymous homeschooler, set to a wide variety of picturesque images ranging from sunset marshes to peaceful fields and surrealism to clouds. Todaya€™s News stories include: 1) Terrorists in wet suits killed by Israel as they attempted to enter Gaza coast.
Todaya€™s News stories include: 1) Pharmaceutical companies were allowed to help shape the health agency responses to Swine Flu H1N1, reaping huge profits over moderate flu.
Todaya€™s News stories include: 1) Gold hits all time record high of $1250 and the impending currency bonfire.
Todaya€™s News stories include: 1) TEA Party candidate Sharron Angle won the Republican Primary in Nevada, pitting her against Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid in November. Todaya€™s News stories include: 1) FBI investigation discovered ACORN workers violated election laws and committed voter fraud telling their workers to go a€?poverty pimpina€? for votes. Story #1: Less than a week after the Today Show featured Obama saying the a€?Aa€? word during live television, they let a young girl say the a€?Ca€? word twice in less than a minute. 1) Sheriff's deputies raided a pair of Sizzler steak house restaurants this weekend in Maricopa County near Phoenix, arresting nine suspected illegal immigrant employees. 1) BP Oil CEO Tony Hayward gave lawmakers a taste of their own medicine, sidestepping questions, apologizing for the disaster but offering no definitive solution.
1) The federal government of the United States of America has just declared war on the states, filing a federal lawsuit over the Arizona state immigration law. 1)Day 12 in the trial of former Illinois governor Rod Blagojevich resumed today but whoa€™d have known it?

2) Israeli and US Warships in the Suez Canal could be a precursor to a major stand-off with the Mullahs of Iran.
2)Barack Obama had to reassure British Prime Minister David Cameron that his strong stance against BP is not driven by any animus toward Great Britain. 3) Rahm Emanuel has in two percolating scandals offering perks for Senate candidates to drop out.
2) Is Barack Obama's shakedown of BP leading the US down that oily, slippery slope to tyranny?
2)Actor Jon Voight wrote an open letter to President Obama, chiding him for lying to Israel and causing a civil war in Arizona. 1)Obama is inseparably tied to former Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevicha€™s criminal fraud.
In this eye-opening video special, Matt Barber, sitting in for Matthew Staver of Liberty Counsel, exposes how Barack Obama shocks and offends millions of Americans on Father's Day! 1)Home sales have nearly come to a screeching halt as the housing market has just registered a record fall in pending sales, 30% down in May 2010.
2)Hugo Chavez has taken another step toward turning Venezuela into a socialist state by seizing and nationalizing eleven American-owned oil rigs.
2)Obama still demands political pay from Republicans before he will secure the border despite 21 Killed in Gun Battle near Arizona border. 1) The Liberty Counsel has filed a lawsuit to overturn a recent ban on distributing Bibles on the public school campuses of Collier County, Florida. A recent grad of California State University, Chico, Mora-Blanco had majored in art, minored in women’s studies, and spent much of her free time making sculptures from found objects and blown-glass. Mora-Blanco was one of 60-odd twenty-somethings who’d come to work at the still-unprofitable website.
They worked in teams of four to six, some doing day shifts and some night, reviewing videos around the clock. On the table before them was a single piece of paper, folded in half to show a bullet-point list of instructions: Remove videos of animal abuse. For everyone’s sake, she says, she won’t conjure the staggeringly violent images which, she recalls, involved a toddler and a dimly lit hotel room. From there, the information would travel to the CyberTipline, a reporting system launched by the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC) in 1998. This is what you’re doing, Mora-Blanco remembers thinking as they paced up and down the street. By October, they had posted their first one million-view hit: Brazilian soccer phenom Ronaldinho trying out a pair of gold cleats.
But as volume on the site exploded, so did the range of content: clips of commercial films and music videos were being uploaded, as well as huge volumes of amateur and professional pornography. Like the one-pager that preceded it, copies of the booklet sat on the table and were constantly marked up, then updated with new bullet points every few weeks or so.
They barred depictions of pornography, criminal acts, gratuitous violence, threats, spam, and hate speech. For members of the SQUAD, none of whom had significant journalism experience, this sparked a series of new decisions. Dubbed the Green Movement, it was one of the most significant political events in the country’s post-Revolutionary history.
The 26-year-old had been struck by a single bullet to the chest during demonstrations against pro-government forces and a shaky cell-phone video captured her horrific last moments: in it, blood pours from her eyes, pooling beneath her. As she recalls, the guidelines they’d developed offered no clear directives regarding what constituted newsworthiness or what, in essence, constituted ethical journalism involving graphic content and the depiction of death.
It was fueling important conversations about free speech and human rights on a global scale and was quickly turning into a viral symbol of the movement. An engineer swiftly designed a button warning that the content contained graphic violence — a content violation under normal circumstances — and her team made the video available behind it, where it still sits today. Every hour, Instagram users generate 146 million "likes" and Twitter users send 21 million tweets. Content flagged as "pornographic" might be political in nature, or as innocent as breastfeeding or sunbathing. In Manila, Chen witnessed a secret "army of workers employed to soak up the worst of humanity in order to protect the rest of us." Media coverage and researchers have compared their work to garbage collection, but the work they perform is critical to preserving any sense of decency and safety online, and literally saves lives — often those of children. Last month, in a piece titled "Moderating Facebook: The Dark Side of Social Networking," Who Is Hosting This? There, systems are tied to the hands-off approach of an earlier era, and continue to reflect distinct user and founder sensibilities. Despite persistent calls from civil society advocates for transparency, social media companies do not publish details of their internal content moderation guidelines; no major platform has made such guidelines public. On the one hand, executives want to guard proprietary tech property and gain cover from liability.
Organizations such as the Global Network Initiative, the Anti-Cyberhate Working Group, Facebook’s Safety Advisory Board, and Twitter’s new Trust and Safety Council are all examples of such multidisciplinary gatherings that bring together subject matter experts.
Online access was supposed to unleash positive and creative human potential, not provide a venue for sadists, child molesters, rapists, or racial supremacists.
It was in great part the result of 1996’s  Communications Decency Act’s Section 230(c), known as the Good Samaritan Act, which absolved companies of liability for content shared on their services.
Before companies understood how a lack of moderation could impede growth and degrade brands and community, moderators were volunteers; unpaid and virtually invisible.
CompuServe, for instance, developed one of the earliest "acceptable use" policies barring racist speech, after a user with a Holocaust revisionist stance started filling a popular forum with antisemitic commentary. Suicide and child abuse don’t follow a schedule, and employing moderators across different time zones enabled the company to provide around-the-clock support. Moderation guidelines prohibited content showing minors engaged in fighting for entertainment and are written to be as globally applicable and translatable as possible. One former screener from a major video-sharing platform, who participated in Roberts’ research and spoke with us on the condition of anonymity, recounted watching videos of what he characterized as extreme violence — murder and beatings — coming from Mexico. The cheat sheet barred naked children, women’s nipples, and "butt cracks." But such images are obviously not considered inappropriate in all settings and the rules remain subject to cultural contexts. Last spring, Facebook blocked a 1909 photograph of an indigenous woman with her breasts exposed, a violation of the company’s ever evolving rules about female toplessness. At one point, midway through the panel, Rosen turned to Downs and Bickert, describing them as "the two most powerful women in the world when it comes to free speech." The two demurred.
Content management is rarely dealt with as a prioritized organizational concern — centrally bringing together legal, customer service, security, privacy, safety, marketing, branding, and personnel to create a unified approach.
Few senior level decision-makers, they said — whether PR staff, lawyers, privacy and security experts, or brand and product managers — experience the material in question first-hand. Now a digital media consultant, she says founders and developers not only resist seeing the toxic content, they resist even understanding the practice of moderation.
Many companies, he told us, will not engage in robust moderation until it will cost them not to.
She joined the company in 2010 and soon became manager of the User Safety Policy Team, where she developed policies concerning abuse, harassment, suicide, child sexual exploitation, and hate speech. Despite the site’s size and influence — attracting some 4 to 5 million page views a day — Reddit has a full-time staff of only around 75 people, leaving Redditors to largely police themselves, following a "reddiquette" post that outlines what constitutes acceptable behavior. The fragmentation means that content banned on one platform can simply pop up on another, and that trolling can be coordinated so that harassment and abuse that appear minor on a single platform are amplified by appearing simultaneously on multiple platforms. Microsoft’s Tarleton Gillespie, author of the forthcoming Free Speech in the Age of Platform, says the company is likely doing the most of any social media company to bridge the divide between platform and user, private company and the public.
Dave Willner, and others who spoke on the condition of anonymity, told us that 20 or 30 people working in moderation have started meeting occasionally for dinner in San Francisco to talk informally about their work. Adaptive Listening technologies, which are increasingly capable of providing sophisticated analytics of online conversations, are being developed to assess user context and intent. Kevin Elko shares principles on how to be truly great, not in terms of mere money or prestige but in terms of the true measures of success. Kevin Elko expounds upon basic fundamental principles of discerning the season of our lives and recognizing true opportunities when they come along.
Avi Lipkin, a former senior translator for the Israeli Prime Minister's office, gives details of his exciting new political party and coalition.
This two part video series was the foundational platform of what later became the modern Tea Party movement.
In today's highly competitive world is it possible to run a business ethically and profitably?
Lopez, Executive Director of The Hispanic Leadership Fund gives a 9 minute eye-opening audio essay on how most Hispanic Families are conservative, pro-life and pro-America. Have you ever felt moral outrage over some gross injustice yet either couldn't find your courage or didn't know exactly what to do?
2) Arizona Governor Jan Brewer on Friday signed into law the toughest illegal immigration law in the United States of America.
2) Disaster was narrowly averted Saturday by the malfunctioning of a car-bomb in Times Square, New York. Dozens of airline and law enforcement personnel are on the tarmac by the plane and the luggage equipment.
2) An art teacher in Salinas, California forbade a student from drawing a picture of an American flag. 2) Laura Bush openly announces that she supports abortion and making homosexual marriages legal. 2) The United States Supreme court allows indefinite incarceration of dangerous sexual predators. 2) The US House of Representatives has voted to grant millions of dollars to states for the expansion of a federal DNA database. 2) Today marks the first day in 25 years that there are no planned Space shuttle launches scheduled. 2) Terrorists posing as humanitarians aid flotilla give world media an excuse to unfairly demonizing Israel. 2) Tropical storm Agatha killed more than 100 people, creating a 180 foot deep sinkhole in Guatemala City that swallowed up a three-storey building.
2) Russian intelligence is reporting that terrorists have been trying to secure nuclear materials from multiple locations throughout the former Soviet Union.
2) Saber rattling from Iran continues with Iranian troops sighted on the wrong side of disputed border with Iraq.
2) Federal Trade Commission considering imposing taxes on Internet news sites like CleanTV to be used to bail out the failing mainstream media outlets, particularly the newspaper industry. 2) Faith-based organizations are continuing to express their outrage over Barack Obamaa€™s obscene remark during an interview on the Today Show interview. District Judge James Zagel, appears to be steering both the prosecution and the defense away from calling convicted felon Tony Rezko as a witness, and protecting Obama in the process.
Struggling to make rent and working a post-production job at Current TV, she’d jumped at the chance to work at an internet startup called YouTube. Footage of child exploitation was the only black-and-white zone of the job, with protocols outlined and explicitly enforced by law since the late 1990s.
Their stories reveal how the boundaries of free speech were drawn during a period of explosive growth for a high-stakes public domain, one that did not exist for most of human history. In the process, they drew up some of the earliest outlines for what was fast becoming a new field of work, an industry that had never before been systematized or scaled: professional moderation. But significant gaps in the guidelines remained — gaps that would challenge users as well as the moderators. Mora-Blanco, soon to become a senior content specialist, and her team — now dubbed Policy and more than two-dozen strong — monitored the many protest clips being uploaded to YouTube. But she knew the video had political significance and was aware that their decision would contribute to its relevance.
Hundreds of thousands of individuals, in Iran and around the world, could witness the brutal death of a pro-democracy protester at the hands of government.
As of last summer, social media platforms — predominantly Facebook — accounted for 43 percent of all traffic to major news sites.
Content posted as comedy might get flagged for overt racism, anti-Semitism, misogyny, homophobia, or transphobia. Interviews with dozens of industry experts and insiders over 18 months revealed that moderation practices with global ramifications have been marginalized within major firms, undercapitalized, or even ignored. Roberts is an assistant professor of Information and Media Studies at Western University and author of the forthcoming Behind the Screen: Digitally Laboring in Social Media’s Shadow World.
At 4chan, for example, users are instructed against violating US law but are also free to post virtually any type of content, as long as they do so on clearly defined boards. Very little is known about how platforms set their policies — current and former employees like Mora-Blanco and others we spoke to are constrained by nondisclosure agreements.
On the other, they want the flexibility to respond to nuanced, fast-moving situations, and they want to both protect employees who feel vulnerable to public scrutiny and protect the platform from users eager to game a policy made public. He wore a rumpled red henley and jeans, and he talked and walked fast as we made our way across the Mission.
And they’re wrong, in great part, because they all miss the vital role that users themselves play in these systems. In other words, users are not so much customers as uncompensated digital laborers who play dynamic and indispensable functions (despite being largely uninformed about the ways in which their labor is being used and capitalized). However, these debates (unlike say, congressional hearings), are shielded from public view, as both corporate and civil society participants remain nearly silent about the deliberations.
Yet this radically free internet quickly became a terrifying home to heinous content and the users who posted and consumed it.
All the checks and balances that govern traditional media would not apply; with no libel risk there were, in effect, no rules.
At AOL, moderation was managed by a Community Leader program composed of users who had previously moderated chat rooms and reported "offensive" content.
In 2001, eBay banned Nazi and Ku Klux Klan memorabilia, as well as other symbols of racial, religious, and ethnic hatred.
To safeguard other employees from seeing the disturbing images in the reported content they were charged with reviewing, her team was sequestered in corner offices; their rooms were kept dark and their computers were equipped with the largest screen protectors on the market.
Regardless of the country, people were being murdered in what were, in effect, all civil wars.
For example, a moderator can see if a picture contains imagery of a naked toddler in a dimly lit hotel room — clearly a violation. A Facebook moderator removed the photo and blocked the administrators of an organization she supported, Uprising of Women in the Arab World. One content moderator, on condition of anonymity, said her colleagues and supervisors never saw violent imagery because her job was to remove the most heinous items before they could.
Typically cast off as "customer-service," moderation and related work remains a relatively low-wage, low-status sector, often managed and staffed by women, which stands apart from the higher-status, higher-paid, more powerful sectors of engineering and finance, which are overwhelmingly male. By the end of her tenure in early 2015, she had moved to the Public Policy team, where she helped to launch several initiatives to prevent hate speech, harassment, and child sexual exploitation, and to promote free speech. Two months later, Reddit published one of its first corporate anti-harassment moderation policies, which prohibited revenge porn and encouraged users to email moderators with concerns.
Self-appointed task forces of Reddit and 4chan users published her address and flooded her professional organization with emails, demanding that her professional license be rescinded.

The platform’s moderation staff is well-funded and supported, and Pinterest is reportedly breaking ground in making its processes transparent to users.
Yet he offered some warm words of praise, saying that companies such as Google, Facebook, and Twitter are "trying to thread an incredibly delicate and difficult line" and "the balance that they’re striking is a sensible one" given the pressures they face. On the one hand, the human expertise is growing, making that tableful of young college grads at YouTube seem quaint. First, the model identifies a set of malicious groups — say neo-Nazis, child pornographers, or rape promoters.
This ispirational teaching gives the viewer key insights on finding abundance by quieting their mind. Being a pastor, usually Ben leads with discussions about religion, and being a sports psycologist, Kevin generally is first to talk about sports.
Stu saw first hand how dozens of children would flock around his casually tossed away soda pop can and play gleefully with it for hours.
In this episode Dan shows viewers the world's largest male owl and a 30 foot leaping lemur! Unfortunately, her father gets called off to war and didn't return with the rest of the troops. 3) The stock markets closed up yesterday with the Dow Jones industrial average finishing up by 404 points. 3) Non-profits must file new IRS 990-N forms by Monday or risk paying taxes on all income earned in 2010.
3) Irana€™s Presidential Chief of Staff predicted that a€?Zionists will have no longer than a week to live,a€? if Israel attacks his nation.
3) New Jobs Report not as rosy as first believed as 411,000 out of the 431,000 new jobs were for government census workers. Maybe, she figured, she could pull in enough money to pursue her lifelong dream: to become a hair stylist.
By late 2007, YouTube had codified its commitment to respecting copyright law through the creation of a Content Verification Program. This small team of improvisers had yet to grasp that they were helping to develop new global standards for free speech. The Google press office, which now handles YouTube communications, did not agree to an interview after multiple requests.
Meanwhile content that may not explicitly violate rules is sometimes posted by users to perpetrate abuse or vendettas, terrorize political opponents, or out sex workers or trans people. To an alarming degree, the early seat-of-the-pants approach to moderation policy persists today, hidden by an industry that largely refuses to participate in substantive public conversations or respond in detail to media inquiries.
Beth Medina, who runs a program called SHIFT (Supporting Heroes in Mental Health Foundational Training), which has provided resilience training to Internet Crimes Against Children teams since 2009, details the severe health costs of sustained exposure to toxic images: isolation, relational difficulties, burnout, depression, substance abuse, and anxiety. She says "commercial content moderation" — a term she coined to denote the kind of professional, organized moderation featured in this article — is not a cohesive system, but a wild range of evolving practices spun up as needed, subject to different laws in different countries, and often woefully inadequate for the task at hand.
Content moderation is fragmented into in-house departments, boutique firms, call centers, and micro-labor sites, all complemented by untold numbers of algorithmic and automated products.
Facebook officials Monika Bickert and Ellen Silver, head of Facebook’s Community Support Team, responded to questions regarding their current moderation practices, and Pinterest made safety manager Charlotte Willner available for an interview. The obvious costs of keeping such a significant, quasi-governmental function under wraps rarely rank as a corporate concern. Without greater transparency, users, consumers — the public at large — are ill-equipped to understand exactly how platforms work and how their own speech is being regulated and why.
They were tasked with building "communities" in exchange for having their subscription fees waived. Moderators in India let the flagged video remain live because to them, the people in the video were not children, but adults.
Over the next six years, as Facebook grew from less than 100 million users to well over a billion, the two worked side by side, developing and implementing the company’s first formal moderation guidelines.
Breaking the code for context — nailing down the ineffable question of why one piece of content is acceptable but a slight variation breaks policy — remains the holy grail of moderation. Moderators were given explicit examples regarding the types of messages and photos described and told to review only the reported content, not unreported adjacent content. Her picture had been reported by conservatives who believed that images of women, heads uncovered and shoulders bare, constituted obscenity.
During the past two years, the company has taken steps to reconcile the need to stem abuse with its commitment to the broadest interpretation of unmoderated free speech, publicly announcing the formation of an advisory council and introducing training sessions with law enforcement. Reddit includes a report feature that is routed anonymously to volunteer moderators whose ability to act on posts is described in detail on the site. For example, Pinterest posts visual examples to illustrate the site’s "acceptable use policy" in an effort to help users better understand the platform’s content guidelines and the decisions moderators make to uphold them.
He added, "Judges and regulators and even really smart, wonderful Google lawyers" are doing "about as good of a job with this unwelcome task as could be imagined." It was a striking remark, given Google’s confirmation, only days earlier, that it had hired controversial 4chan founder Christopher Poole. The model then identifies users who associate with those groups through their online interactions. Myers encourages the viewer to take the time to mentor others until the 'passing of the baton' is complete.
3) Taliban suicide car bomber attacked a convoy of NATO troops on Tuesday in Kabul, Afghanistan, killing five Americans and a Canadian soldier, plus 12 Afghan civilians.
Senate race to fill the seat currently held by Roland Burris who was appointed to fill that position after Obama was elected President. I got to bring a computer home!" Mora-Blanco’s voice caught as she paused to collect herself.
But screening malicious content would prove to be far more complex, and required intensive human labor.
And the clip was already available elsewhere, driving massive traffic to competing platforms.
Unchecked social media is routinely implicated in sectarian brutality, intimate partner violence, violent extremist recruitment, and episodes of mass bullying linked to suicides. Trolls and criminals exploit anonymity to dox, swat, extort, exploit rape, and, on some occasions, broadcast murder. These practices routinely collapse under the weight and complexity of new challenges — as the decisions moderators make engage ever more profound matters of legal and human rights, with outcomes that affect users, workers, and our digital public commons. Hemanshu Nigam, founder of SSP Blue, which advises companies in online safety, security, and privacy, estimates that the number of people working in moderation is "well over 100,000." Others speculate that the number is many times that. 4chan janitors, Nishimura said, use "chat channels," to discuss content questions with supervising moderators, some paid, some unpaid.
However, Facebook and Pinterest, along with Twitter, Reddit, and Google, all declined to provide copies of their past or current internal moderation policy guidelines. This means that the most basic tools of accountability and governance — public and legal pressure — simply don’t exist.
Palfrey calls this phase Access Denied, characterized by a concerted effort across the industry and the government to ban unappetizing content. When the video was flagged again, it escalated to the Silicon Valley team, as most escalations reportedly still do. As in US law, content referring to "ordinary people" was treated differently than "public figures." "Poaching of animals should be confirmed. Next, the model searches for other groups associated with those users and analyzes those groups "based on occurrences of keywords associated with the type of malicious activity and manual verification by experts." This way, companies can identify additional or emerging malicious online activity.
Without such mentoring and modeling, there will be a huge leadership gap in the next generation.
As seen with Black Lives Matter or the Arab Spring, whether online content stays or goes has the power to shape movements and revolutions, as well as the sweeping policy reforms and cultural shifts they spawn.
Recognizing bullying, for example, depends on understanding relationships and context, and moderators are not privy to either. Poaching of endangered animals should be escalated." Things like "urine, feces, vomit, semen, pus and earwax," were too graphic, but cartoon representations of feces and urine were allowed. A full-size woman can’t fit into stew pot, the team figured, so the content was unlikely to cause real-world harm.
To separate her personal and professional lives, she had set up a separate Facebook page for her business.
Ultimately, they let the posts stand — that is, according to Willner, until the "stew pot guy" began uploading more explicit content that clearly violated Pinterest’s terms and her team removed his account. In Pakistan, the group Bytes for All — an organization that previously sued the Pakistani government for censoring YouTube videos — released three case studies showing that social media and mobile tech cause real harm to women in the country by enabling rapists to blackmail victims (who may face imprisonment after being raped), and stoke sectarian violence. I asked with lawyers." Even after more than a decade, 4chan remains a site frequently populated by harassment and threats.
THESE VERY SAME ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES, WHO HAVE SWORN TO PROTECT AND SERVE, OUR COUNTRY, AND CITIZENS ,ARE BUT SOME, OF THE CORRUPT,GREEDY TRAITORS .ENGAGED IN THE TYRANNY AND TORTURE. Content has included everything from widespread distribution of nonconsensual porn, to "Niggerwalk" memes, to racist mobs evoking Hitler and threatening individual users.
There was no way I could report each and every attack across multiple social media platforms because they came at me so fast and in such high volume. But also, it became clear to me that when I did report, no one responded, so there really was no incentive to keep reporting. That became yet another costly time-sink on top of deleting comments, blocking people, and screen-grabbing everything for my own protection. The school district has moved to a biometric identification program, saying students will no longer have to use an ID card to buy lunch.A  BIOMETRICS TO TRACK YOUR KIDS!!!!!i»?i»?A TARGETED INDIVIDUALS, THE GREEDY CRIMINALS ARE NOW CONDONING THEIR TECH! Paul Weindling, history of medicine professor at Oxford Brookes University, describes his search for the lost victims of Nazi experiments. The chairman of the board at ESL a€” then proprietor of the desert wasteland in Nevada known as a€?Area 51a€? a€” was William Perry, who would be appointed secretary of defense several years later. EUCACH.ORG PanelIn a 2-hour wide-ranging Panel with Alfred Lambremont Webre on the Transhumanist Agenda, Magnus Olsson, Dr. Henning Witte, and Melanie Vritschan, three experts from the European Coalition Against Covert Harassment, revealed recent technological advances in human robotization and nano implant technologies, and an acceleration of what Melanie Vritschan characterized as a a€?global enslavement programa€?.Shift from electromagnetic to scalar wavesThese technologies have now shifted from electromagnetic wave to scalar waves and use super quantum computers in the quantum cloud to control a€?pipesa€? a reference to the brains of humans that have been taken over via DNA, via implants that can be breathed can breach the blood-brain barrier and then controlled via scalar waved on a super-grid. Eventually, such 'subvocal speech' systems could be used in spacesuits, in noisy places like airport towers to capture air-traffic controller commands, or even in traditional voice-recognition programs to increase accuracy, according to NASA scientists."What is analyzed is silent, or sub auditory, speech, such as when a person silently reads or talks to himself," said Chuck Jorgensen, a scientist whose team is developing silent, subvocal speech recognition at NASA Ames Research Center in California's Silicon Valley. We numbered the columns and rows, and we could identify each letter with a pair of single-digit numbers," Jorgensen said.
People in noisy conditions could use the system when privacy is needed, such as during telephone conversations on buses or trains, according to scientists."An expanded muscle-control system could help injured astronauts control machines. If an astronaut is suffering from muscle weakness due to a long stint in microgravity, the astronaut could send signals to software that would assist with landings on Mars or the Earth, for example," Jorgensen explained.
These are processed to remove noise, and then we process them to see useful parts of the signals to show one word from another," Jorgensen said.After the signals are amplified, computer software 'reads' the signals to recognize each word and sound. Our Research and Development Division has been in contact with the Federal Bureau of Prisons, the California Department of Corrections, the Texas Department of Public Safety, and the Massachusetts Department of Correction to run limited trials of the 2020 neural chip implant.
We have established representatives of our interests in both management and institutional level positions within these departments. Federal regulations do not yet permit testing of implants on prisoners, but we have entered nto contractual agreements with privatized health care professionals and specified correctional personnel to do limited testing of our products. We need, however, to expand our testing to research how effective the 2020 neural chip implant performs in those identified as the most aggressive in our society.
In California, several prisoners were identified as members of the security threat group, EME, or Mexican Mafia.
They were brought to the health services unit at Pelican Bay and tranquilized with advanced sedatives developed by our Cambridge,Massachussetts laboratories. The results of implants on 8 prisoners yielded the following results: a€?Implants served as surveillance monitoring device for threat group activity. However, during that period substantial data was gathered by our research and development team which suggests that the implants exceed expected results. One of the major concerns of Security and the R & D team was that the test subject would discover the chemial imbalance during the initial adjustment period and the test would have to be scurbbed. However, due to advanced technological developments in the sedatives administered, the 48 hour adjustment period can be attributed t prescription medication given to the test subjects after the implant procedure. One of the concerns raised by R & D was the cause of the bleeding and how to eliminate that problem. Unexplained bleeding might cause the subject to inquire further about his "routine" visit to the infirmary or health care facility. Security officials now know several strategies employed by the EME that facilitate the transmission of illegal drugs and weapons into their correctional facilities. One intelligence officier remarked that while they cannot use the informaiton that have in a court of law that they now know who to watch and what outside "connections" they have. The prison at Soledad is now considering transferring three subjects to Vacaville wher we have ongoing implant reserach. Our technicians have promised that they can do three 2020 neural chip implants in less than an hour.
Soledad officials hope to collect information from the trio to bring a 14 month investigation into drug trafficking by correctional officers to a close.
Essentially, the implants make the unsuspecting prisoner a walking-talking recorder of every event he comes into contact with.
There are only five intelligence officers and the Commisoner of Corrections who actually know the full scope of the implant testing. In Massachusetts, the Department of Corrections has already entered into high level discussion about releasing certain offenders to the community with the 2020 neural chip implants. Our people are not altogether against the idea, however, attorneys for Intelli-Connection have advised against implant technology outside strick control settings.
While we have a strong lobby in the Congress and various state legislatures favoring our product, we must proceed with the utmost caution on uncontrolled use of the 2020 neural chip.
If the chip were discovered in use not authorized by law and the procedure traced to us we could not endure for long the resulting publicity and liability payments. Massachusetts officials have developed an intelligence branch from their Fugitive Task Force Squad that would do limited test runs under tight controls with the pre-release subjects. Correctons officials have dubbed these poetnetial test subjects "the insurance group." (the name derives from the concept that the 2020 implant insures compliance with the law and allows officials to detect misconduct or violations without question) A retired police detective from Charlestown, Massachusetts, now with the intelligence unit has asked us to consider using the 2020 neural chip on hard core felons suspected of bank and armored car robbery. He stated, "Charlestown would never be the same, we'd finally know what was happening before they knew what was happening." We will continue to explore community uses of the 2020 chip, but our company rep will be attached to all law enforcement operations with an extraction crrew that can be on-site in 2 hours from anywhere at anytime. We have an Intelli-Connection discussion group who is meeting with the Director of Security at Florence, Colorado's federal super maximum security unit. The initial discussions with the Director have been promising and we hope to have an R & D unit at this important facilitly within the next six months. Napolitano insisted that the department was not planning on engaging in any form of ideological profiling.
I will tell him face-to-face that we honor veterans at DHS and employ thousands across the department, up to and including the Deputy Secretary," Ms.
Steve Buyer of Indiana, the ranking Republican on the House Committee on Veterans' Affairs, called it "inconceivable" that the Obama administration would categorize veterans as a potential threat.

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