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The 20-year-old walked in the Victoria’s Secret runway show this year, modelling the PINK line for teens. The uniforms and insignia of the Schutzstaffel were paramilitary ranks and uniforms used by the SS between 1925 and 1945 to differentiate that organization from the regular German armed forces, the German state, and the Nazi Party. While a multitude of uniforms existed for the SS, often depending on the theatre of war where they were stationed, the all black SS uniform is the most well known. SS uniforms used a variety of insignia, the most standard of which were collar patches to denote rank and shoulder boards to denote rank and position, along with sleeve cuffbands and "sleeve diamond" patches to indicate membership in specific branches of the SS.
The SS can trace its origins to several early Freikorps and Nazi Party formations, among them the Erhardt Naval Brigade, Stahlhelm, and most significantly the Sturmabteilung (SA), of which the SS was originally a subordinate organization. The very first SA uniforms and insignia were paramilitary uniforms fashioned by early Nazis which incorporated parts from World War I uniforms to include such features used by other Freikorps formation such as high boots, daggers, and the kepi hat.
In 1924, while the Nazi Party was legally banned following the Beer Hall Putsch, Frontbann (underground SA) leader Gerhard Ro?bach located a large store of war-surplus brown denim shirts in Austria, originally intended for tropical uniforms.[3] When the SA (which included the nascent SS) was re-founded in 1925 following Hitler's release from prison, these brown shirts were issued as uniforms.
In mid-1925, the Schutzkommando was renamed the Sturmstaffel (storm squadron) and in December the Schutzstaffel (protection squadron), and in the following year adopted its first recognizable rank insignia system which was used mainly by senior SS personnel at major rallies, with the rank and file of the SS, like the rest of the SA, still wearing a variety of brown shirts or paramilitary uniforms with no recognizable insignia. The early rank system of 1926 consisted of a swastika armband worn with white stripes, with the number of stripes determining the rank of the bearer. Under the above system, basic SS troopers were organized into 10-man Staffeln, each under the authority of a Staffelfuhrer.
By 1927, the Sturmabteilung had greatly increased its numbers and had standardized the "brown shirt" uniform which would thereafter be permanently associated with that group: shirt, tie, breeches, boots, and cylindrical kepi, all brown.
By this time, with influences from the Stahlhelm, the SA leadership adopted its first collar insignia and also added a new SA rank of Standartenfuhrer ("standard leader") in charge of regiment-sized Standarten (incorporating the company sized Staffeln); the SS at this time adopted the same rank as well.
Over the course of the next year, the burgeoning SA saw the emergence of new units and ranks, and for the first time a comprehensive system of rank insignia.
At the higher end of the organization, in 1928 the SA Gau-Sturme were restructured into regional Gruppen, each commanded by a leader with a new general-officer rank, Gruppenfuhrer; its insignia was the three oak leaf collar patch. The ability to produce and issue complete uniforms came about due both to the centralization of the Reichszeugmeisterei (RZM; national quartermaster office) under NSDAP Treasurer Franz Xaver Schwarz, and to Himmler's expansion and reorganization of the fast-growing SS (from 280 members to 52,000 between 1929 and 1932) into several brigade sized Brigaden throughout Germany, each comprising three to five regiment-sized Standarten. In addition to the collar unit insignia, the SS now created a cuffband system which was worn on the lower left sleeve. The holder of the title of Reichsfuhrer was still considered an SA-Gruppenfuhrer, with Reichsfuhrer itself not yet an actual rank.
Hitler's personal guard, known at this stage by the original SS name of Stabswache (later to be known as the "Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler"), was also expressing its independence and increasing its size under the leadership of Sepp Dietrich. The Stennes Revolt of August 1930, in which members of the SA attacked the Berlin party Gau headquarters which was defended by the SS, had profound consequences for the SA and its relationship to its subordinate organization. Another result of the Stennes Revolt was Hitler's recall of his old Putsch comrade Ernst Rohm from South America to take over the day-to-day running of the SA with the title of SA-Stabschef.
A 1930 change to the SS uniform was the addition of a single narrow shoulder strap worn on the right side. By 1931, Himmler was secure (or independent) enough to reorganize the SS, formerly one SA-Gruppe, into five SS-Gruppen divided into several Brigaden led by officers with the new rank of Brigadefuhrer; its insignia was the two oakleaves of an Oberfuhrer with a pip.
In 1932,[lower-alpha 3] the SS introduced its most notorious uniform, the black ensemble designed by Karl Diebitsch (later to become an SS-Oberfuhrer) and graphic designer SS-Sturmhauptfuhrer Walter Heck.[4] The shirt remained brown as a nod to the SA, of which the SS was still nominally a part, but all else was black from high boots[lower-alpha 4] to the new military-style peaked cap, aside from the red armband. With membership continuing to increase, Rohm invented two new officer ranks known as Obersturmfuhrer and Obersturmbannfuhrer. In 1933, after Hitler had become Chancellor, the SS began to make more of a distinction between 'officers' and 'enlisted men;' an SS man could now only be promoted to Sturmfuhrer with Himmler's approval, based upon the Reichsfuhrer’s personal review of the candidate's application including his career resume or lebenslauf and recommendations from current and former superior officers.
At this time, the SS also began to revamp its unit collar insignia, shoulderboards, and sleeve cuffband system.
Also in 1933, the runes insignia was introduced which would eventually become known as the symbol for the entire SS. At the same time Dietrich and his Leibstandarte adopted the SS runes as their unit insignia, the full-time SS headquarters and command staffs began using a blank collar patch, without a unit number, to differentiate themselves from the "rank and file" SS units in Germany which were still using regiment Standarten numbers as their unit insignia. In 1934, with the rise of the SS-Verfugungstruppe (SS-VT), the SS runes unit insignia was expanded to these other formatations of the then fledgling military arm of the SS (later to become known as the Waffen-SS). 1 for members of the Deutschland Regiment, 2 for Germania personnel, and (from 1938) 3 for members of the Der Fuhrer Regiment.
In addition to the expansion of the collar unit insignia system, the SS by 1934 had also greatly expanded the system of sleeve cuffbands which were now a standard part of the black uniform, worn on the lower left sleeve.


For those personnel serving above the regiment level, a bare cuffband was worn or a cuffband bearing a roman numeral could be displayed.
Within the early military SS, which included the Leibstandarte and the formations of the SS-Verfugungstruppe, a series of cuffbands were introduced which bore the name of the regiment to which the bearer was assigned. An event which significantly altered the SS rank and insignia structure was the Night of the Long Knives which occurred in June 1934.
The most significant rank change was the creation of an actual rank of Reichsfuhrer-SS (prior to 1934, Himmler had been regarded simply as an SS-Obergruppenfuhrer). The change in SS rank titles applied mainly to the non-commissioned officer ranks as well as the ranks of Sturmfuhrer and Sturmhauptfuhrer which received new names. In the wake of the "Rohm-Putsch", the SS officially took over the concentration camps from the SA and police. At about this same time, for similar reasons, the military SS formations (the Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler and the SS-Verfugungstruppe) adopted a service uniform in what was termed "earth-gray" (erdgrau).[lower-alpha 5] This also was based on the black uniform, but without the red Hakenkreuz armband, its place on the left sleeve being taken by an eagle-and-swastika patch, and worn with trousers and shoes or calf-high jackboots. In February 1934, the Ehrenwinkel fur Alte Kampfer ("honor chevron for old campaigners") was introduced for all SS men who had joined the Nazi Party or a Party-affiliated organization prior to January 30, 1933; after the Anschluss, it was also authorized for Austrians who had joined the DNSAP prior to 18 February 1938.
By the end of 1938, the SS had also adopted a new insignia feature of sleeve diamonds worn on the bottom of the left sleeve. The combat units of the SS-Verfugungstruppe (SS-VT) and the later Waffen-SS wore a variation of the field-grey (grey-green) (feldgrau) army (Heer) uniform with SS insignia. However, Most of these uniforms fell apart as they were often made out of weaker material than normal cotton.
The 8-man Stabswache (staff guard), Hitler's bodyguard, soon renamed the Stosstrupp (shock troop), also adopted in May 1923 the death's head and oak leaf as a means of insignia, both of which were already deeply rooted in European military history. The only insignia was the swastika armband, usually homemade, except for the handful of men constituting the Stosstrupp's successor, the Schutzkommando ("protection command"), who continued the use of the Totenkopf pinned to cap or collar. SS districts, known as SS-Gaus, were under the authority of a Gaufuhrer while all SS district leaders answered to a national leader of the SS called the Reichsfuhrer, at this time Josef Berchtold. The higher SS ranks of Standartenfuhrer, Gaufuhrer, and Reichsfuhrer like their SA counterparts now used a system of oak leaves displayed on both collars of the brown SA shirt. A basic squad unit, the 10-man Schar, was grouped into platoon-sized Truppen, and these into company-sized Sturme which in turn made up battalion-sized Sturmbanne. The SS was considered to be a Gruppe unto itself; its color, naturally, was black, and Reichsfuhrer-SS Heiden held the rank of Gruppenfuhrer and wore its three-oakleaf insignia. Within the Standarten now existed two to three battalion-sized Sturmbanne ("storm units"), and beneath this level were the Sturme, Truppen, and Scharen. Collar tabs below the rank of Sturmfuhrer were edged in black-and-white twist cord; those of Sturm and Sturmbann leaders used black-and-silver while those of senior leaders were edged in solid silver cord. These cuffbands were black and displayed the bearer's Sturm number together with color-coded edges indicating the Sturmbann, which in conjunction with the collar insignia showed regiment, battalion and company affiliation. In addition, for a brief period in 1929, the rank of Standartenfuhrer was divided into two separate grades, known as Standartenfuhrer (I) and Standartenfuhrer (II); the insignia of one oak leaf was used for both positions. While Hitler thought that this would bind the SA more firmly to him, Rohm had other ambitions, including the conversion of the paramilitary Sturmabteilung into an army. There were four grades of shoulder strap: until 1933 a black-and-white pattern was worn by SS troopers, an epaulette of parallel silver cords by Sturm and Sturmbann leaders, a twisted pattern in silver cord by standarten-, ober- and Gruppenfuhrers, and a braided silver shoulderboard by the two Obergruppenfuhrers.
SS men were also issued black wool greatcoats for inclement weather, which similarly carried the armband, epaulette and collar patches.
The expanded rank system of 1932 still used the same collar pip method to denote position paired with a corresponding shoulder board, but added two new junior positions known as Sturmmann and Rottenfuhrer. SS (and SA) officers ranked Standartenfuhrer (colonel) and above wore rank insignia on both collars without the use of unit insignia; all personnel Obersturmbannfuhrer (lieutenant colonel) and below wore a unit insignia patch opposite the badge of rank.
Note however that this system presupposed enlisted SS membership; Himmler always detested the army's class distinctions. These changes were introduced over a period of one year between 1933 and 1934 and began with the introduction of a new senior enlisted rank known as Haupttruppfuhrer. The first use of the SS runes was as a unit insignia limited only to members of the Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler[6] which had transferred their headquarters from Munich to Berlin and had replaced the Army Chancellery Guard to become Hitler’s main protectors. Thus, by the end of 1933, there were three unit collar insignia patches in existence: the SS runes used by the Leibstandarte, the blank collar patch used by the SS headquarters and command staff, and the numbered SS unit insignia worn by regular SS companies throughout Germany. To separate these new military formations from the main Leibstandarte regiment under Dietrich, the SS runes worn by the Verfugungstruppe displayed a small number corresponding to the particular SS-VT regiment of the bearer. These insignia would survive throughout World War II and were kept in use after the three original regiments had expanded to brigade and division strength.


Within the Allgemeine-SS companies, cuffbands were worn in conjunction with a unit collar patch to denote regiment, battalion, and company affiliation.
The roman numeral cuffband indicated membership on the staff of the SS-Brigade so numbered, which by the end of 1934 had become known as an SS-Abschnitt.
The most coveted of these was the "Adolf Hitler" cuffband, carrying the Fuhrer’s name in Sutterlin script, which was worn solely by members of the Leibstandarte.
In addition to Himmler’s new rank, several of the original SS rank titles were renamed (although retained the same insignia), bringing about the final nomenclature of SS ranks which would be used until the conclusion of World War II and the fall of the SS in 1945. Soon thereafter, camp guards began wearing the Totenkopf ("death's head") on the right collar patch, to distinguish themselves from the numbered Allgemeine-SS Standarten.
In June 1938 this uniform was authorized for full-time Allgemeine-SS cadres as well; the LSSAH and SS-VT then adopted army-pattern shoulderboards to distinguish themselves from the general SS and emphasize their military role. Between 1939 and 1940, the SS expanded its cuffband and sleeve diamond system into a vast array of over 30 cuffbands and more than 12 sleeve diamonds. The black-white-red color scheme was characteristic of the German Empire, and was later adopted by the Nazi Party. The majority of SS personnel wore variations of the Waffen-SS uniform or the grey-green SS service tunic. In line with the Fuhrerprinzip ("leader principle") of the Nazi Party's ideology, the word Fuhrer was incorporated into all ranks except those for basic SS troopers. One oak leaf signified a Standartenfuhrer, two a Gaufuhrer, and three oak leaves were worn by Reichsfuhrer-SS Berchtold and his successor Erhard Heiden, who reported directly to the Oberste SA-Fuhrer. With his expansions, promotions, and changes to the SA, a revision of the SA rank system was required although the uniforms and titles essentially stayed the same.
By this time, Himmler had also increased scrutiny on SS membership with a particular focus on proof of "Aryan" ancestry, and created a "candidate" position known as SS-Anwarter, which prospective SS members were required to hold for at least six months before formally joining the SS as an SS-Mann; an Anwarter wore no rank insignia.
It was forbidden for SS men to follow the army custom of addressing superior officers by prefixing Herr to their rank, and Kamerad was an approved form of address under most circumstances.
The black-and-white enlisted shoulderboard became black-and-silver, and officers were brought into parallel with army practice: the twisted "cruller" board was assigned to the field-grade ranks (Sturmbannfuhrer, Obersturmbannfuhrer, and Standartenfuhrer), and the braided boards to the general-equivalents of Oberfuhrer through Obergruppenfuhrer. It was at this time that the Leibstandarte moved from being a "paramilitary" formation armed with pistols and truncheons to "military", equipped with rifles, bayonets, and steel helmets. While the unit collar patch displayed the wearer's Standarte (regiment) number, the number denoted on the cuffband indicated the Sturm, or company, while collared piping along the cuffband further denoted in which battalion (Sturmbann) a member served.
For the even higher levels, such as Himmler or the senior SS-Gruppe leaders (later known by the title SS-Oberabschnitt Fuhrer) a solid silver cuffband was worn. This was inconsistent in the early days; some guards instead wore tabs with the initial of their camp (e. Further, black was popular with fascist movements: a black uniform was introduced by the blackshirts in Italy before the creation of the SS. Branches with personnel that normally would wear civilian attire in the Reich (such as the Gestapo and Kripo) were issued grey-green SS uniforms in occupied territory to avoid being mistaken for civilians.
The first major change was the addition of new ranks modeled on the original titles created in 1928 but with the addition of "senior" and "head" designators (ober and haupt): these were Oberscharfuhrer, Obertruppfuhrer and Sturmhauptfuhrer.
In late 1934, enlisted collar patches changed from black-and-white to black-and-silver edging; all officers now wore silver-piped collar tabs.
The ancient jawless Danziger style of Totenkopf was gradually replaced by the 'classic' SS skull, a naturalistic design with grinning jaws; the old form was taken up by the army's newly formed Panzerwaffe. The new rank insignia were created by adding a silver stripe to the collar pips of the next-lower rank. Additionally, in March 1936, Hitler approved a new art deco eagle with staggered wingtips for the SS, which was worn through the end of the war as a cap badge and on the sleeve. About 1935, the black uniform proving impractical for daily service wear, the Inspectorate of Concentration Camps adopted a working uniform in "earth-brown" (erdbraun), which was identical in cut to the black tunic except for shoulderboards on both sides. In March 1936, the camp "service" was formally established as the third branch of the SS, the Totenkopfverbande or death's-head units. La historia nos presenta a un guardia de seguridad que debe sobrevivir durante cinco turnos nocturnos en una pizzeria familiar, la cual posee algunos munecos animatronicos de personajes animalescos. Pues, es simple, estos munecos, en las noches, cobran vida y rondan por toda la pizzeria intentando matarte.



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