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We know that Jacques RanciA?re speaks about the relation between politics and aesthetics in terms of a€?the distribution of the sensible.a€? Tonight I want to speak about the distribution of the insensible. But I also want to register an implicit critical dimension of this argument, a critique of RanciA?re and of his presently immense influence, which I view as unwarranted. By way of a first approach to what I mean by a€?the distribution of the insensible,a€? leta€™s recall some basic passages from Volume One of Capital on the transformation of materials. Labor is, first of all, a process between man and nature, a process by which man, through his own actions, mediates, regulates and controls the metabolism between himself and nature.
What distinguishes capitalism as a mode of production, however, is the peculiar manner in which the transformation of materials through the labor process is shadowed by the process of valorization. We can thus view the process of production either from the perspective of the labor process or the valorization process. So, this brief summary of Marxist fundamentals is our first approach to the distribution of the insensible. In Intellectual and Manual Labor, Alfred Sohn-Rethel argues that the social abstraction of the value form and the exchange relation gives rise to our abstract forms of thought. The exchange abstraction excludes everything that makes up history, human and even natural history. In Sohn-Rethela€™s account, the exchange relation gives rise to a social genesis of the transcendental (the forms of intuition and the categories of the understanding). In the act of exchange, the natural and material physicality of the product is negated by the abstract value of the commodity, and this negation constitutes the a€?positive realitya€? of the social physicality of the exchange process. The history of modernity, which is to say the history of capitalism, is also the history of modern technology.
And thena€”in the discourse network of 2000, spawned by the cybernetic systems, information theories, and encryption technologies of World War II, digital technology draws media differentiation back together through the synthetic resources of digital code, a universal medium traversing audio, video, and textual recording. However (fourth approach)a€”we should recognize that just as Kittlera€™s media theory offers a necessary supplement to Sohn-Rethela€™s account of the social genesis of conceptual abstraction, it is also necessary to submit Kittlera€™s own work to a Marxist inversion. What Marx calls a€?formal subsumptiona€? is the initial subsumption of labor under the value form, through wage labor and exploitation (the extraction of surplus value from surplus labor time). This contradiction bears upon the history of technology, because it is by revolutionizing the means of production that capital attempts to overcome this contradiction. The same process also generates a different problem: as automation increases, less labor power is required. Automation, which is at once the most advanced sector of modern industry and the epitome of its practice, confronts the world of the commodity with a contradiction that it must somehow resolve: the same technical infrastructure that is capable of abolishing labor must at the same time preserve labor as a commoditya€”and indeed, as the sole generator of commodities.
We could rephrase this by saying that Fordism both requires and paves the way for post-Fordism. At the same time, however, we know that a commodity like an Apple computer is, in fact, produced by processes quite clearly identifiable as a€?labor.a€? Despite the fact that every effort is made to keep this fact out of sight and out of mind, we know it because we read about it on Apple computers. Composed of aluminum, nickel, steel, glass, vinyl, and fluorescent, the production of Vanitas involves a virtuosic performance of mimetic exactitude. In a dark room, the viewer looks at the object, sees into it, and sees nothing of herself (like a vampire in front of a mirror, Baier says) while the object reflects its own interior infinitely in all directions.
The first thing we might note about this piece is its complex engagement with relational aesthetics. Second, we can say that if Vanitas is a captivating work of art, much of what makes it so is money.
Baiera€™s piece instantiates the problem of the relation between materials and money, captured in the art object. Behind Vanitas, a glass reproduction of Baiera€™s eyeball at the center of a projected disc of light, gazing without seeing across the room at a mirrored box which does not reflect its image. Beside Vanitas, a fond de scA?nea€”a reflector used in the background of photo shootsa€”which Baier placed in a template with a circular hole and left in a window for nine months. Around the corner, a piece called Projet A‰toile (Noir), consisting of a graphite painting titled Monochrome (Black) and a sculptural replica of a meteorite recovered from Death Valley. These are photographic pieces and sculptural objects which Baier would have worked on at the computer in the center of Vanitas. At the crux of materials and moneya€”through the complex history that crux containsa€”the subject of Baiera€™s installation is the relation between memory, recording, mimesis. Baiera€™s problem is not only the remembrance of things past, but, more specifically, the reminiscence of that which has never been sensed, the distribution of the insensible, recalled. By way of a first approach to what I mean by a€?the distribution of the insensible,a€?A  leta€™s recall some basic passages from Volume One of Capital on the transformation of materials. Katie Ledecky is basically swimming against herself in her final tuneup for the US Olympic trials. Ledecky won the 400-meter freestyle at the Atlanta Classic on Saturday night, grabbing the lead as soon as she dove in the water and stretching the margin with every lap. Katie Ledecky competes in Saturday's 400m freestyle final during the Atlanta Classic swim meet at Georgia Tech Aquatic Center.
The Atlanta Classic is Ledecky's final meet before the Olympic trials, which begin June 26 in Omaha, Nebraska. Tellingly, Ledecky's time in Atlanta was nearly three seconds faster than the gold medal-winning performance by the late Camille Muffat in London four years ago.
The American teenager will be an overwhelming favorite in both the 400 and the 800 free, and increasingly looks like the swimmer to beat in the 200 free. She's also added the 100 free to her repertoire, giving her a chance to add another individual event or at least claim a spot on two relays at the Rio Games. After warming down for 30 minutes in the adjacent diving well, Ledecky paused on deck to sign autographs and pose for phots with dozens of adoring young fans who were patiently waiting. In another event on Saturday night, Olympic gold medalist Nathan Adrian won the 50 free in a water-churning 21.93. While that wasn't nearly fast enough to win an Olympic gold, it sets up Adrian to at least make a run at swimming the unpredictable event in Rio. When the European Championships start on Monday at the London Aquatics Centre - which staged the swimming at the 2012 Olympics - there will be just 82 days before the Games start in Rio de Janeiro. Given the proximity, few who are competing in Rio will have rested before the London meet, but are instead in heavy training, eyes planted firmly on what lies ahead in August. Britain's Adam Peaty is his country's major hope as the European Championships start on Monday in London. Prominent was 19-year-old Adam Peaty, two weeks after knocking Olympic champion Cameron van der Burgh of South Africa to second place in the 100m breaststroke at the Commonwealth Games in Glasgow. Peaty was a standout in Berlin, winning four gold medals and setting a world record in the 50m breaststroke, albeit not ratified due to an administrative error.
Olympic 50m freestyle champion Florent Manaudou also made four visits to the top of the podium, while Sweden's Sarah Sjoestroem claimed three golds. All three have had a stunning couple of years, but for Peaty the summer of 2014 was when he made a deafening entrance onto the international stage. He went on to obliterate Van der Burgh's 100m world record last year in London before three gold medals at the World Championships in Kazan, where he and the South African went toe to toe like prize fighters, trading 50m world records as boxers trade blows. FIFA's new second-in-command is no stranger to the kind of power struggles that brought FIFA to the brink, having served as the representative of the UNDP in post-coup Madagascar from 2010 to 2015 before moving to Nigeria.
Samoura's years with the UN, including with the World Food Program, have taken her crisis-management skills to hotspots such as Afghanistan, Chad and Darfur. Samoura, who was named as the successor to disgraced Frenchman Jerome Valcke at a FIFA congress in Mexico on Friday, will take up her post by mid-June after undergoing an eligibility check administered by an independent review committee. She said she met Infantino, who was appointed to succeed Sepp Blatter in February, for the first time in November last year. A mother of three, whose husband's dreams of becoming a soccer pro were shattered when he broke his leg at age 20, Samoura has rubbed shoulders with soccer luminaries from an early age. The daughter of an army colonel, she went to school with Cheikh Seck, goalkeeper for the Senegalese national team in the 1980s, and befriended Cameroonian legend Roger Milla during a posting in Yaounde.
Among her idols, she lists former Bayern Munich winger and now president Karl-Heinz Rummenigge and retired Malian striker Salif Keita, who played for Marseille. Gonzalo Higuain was in high spirits on Saturday after his hat-trick in a dramatic 4-0 rout of Frosinone set a new all-time record of 36 goals in a single Serie A season and fired Napoli into the Champions League.
Roma, despite a 3-1 win at AC Milan that has virtually ended the host's hopes of Europa League football, finished two points back in third, meaning it will enter the preliminary rounds of Europe's premier club competition. Champion Juventus, which secured a record-equaling fifth successive title last month, capped its campaign with a 5-0 rout of 10-man Sampdoria in Turin, where Paulo Dybala struck twice for the hosts.
It left the Argentine striker with 23 goals in his first season at the club - one more than compatriot Carlos Tevez. The results left the remaining European places for next season as all that was left to be decided, and Napoli and Sassuolo emerged the victors.
Roma, runners-up the past two seasons, traveled to Milan looking for a win and hoping Napoli would stumble at home. In Napoli, fans packed San Paolo stadium hoping to see local hero 'Pipita' set a new record. Sitting at 33 goals going into the match, Higuain was still two short of Gunnar Nordahl's 1950 record of 35, scored in a 20-team Serie A campaign.
In little under two years with Barcelona, Luis Suarez has won six trophies, silenced his critics with almost impeccable on-field behavior and now, most remarkably of all, left Lionel Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo in his shadow. Suarez fittingly scored a hat-trick as Barca retained its La Liga title on Saturday with a 3-0 win at Granada, lifting his tally for the season to a remarkable 59 goals and 26 assists. Barcelona's Luis Suarez celebrates completing his hat-trick in Saturday's 3-0 win over Granada that clinched the La Liga title. Of those 59, 40 came in La Liga, making him the first man in seven years to depose Messi and Ronaldo and win the Pichichi award for Spain's top scorer. Moreover, it's the most prolific season anyone other than Messi and Ronaldo has produced in the history of the Spanish top flight. The Pichichi and golden boot for Europe's top scorer are individual awards where all that matters are the numbers and Suarez can't be discredited. He was sidelined as Neymar joined Messi and Ronaldo as FIFA's top three at the Ballon d'Or to crown the world's best player despite playing a pivotal role in turning Barca from trophyless in 2013-14 to treble winners a season later. The controversy and stigma of having bitten an opponent three times in his career continues to cost the Uruguayan in the popularity stakes.
However, in his first full season without a prolonged suspension in three years, Suarez has shown his devastating potential to leave Ronaldo, Messi and Neymar trailing in his wake.
Barca's title run was built once more around the thrilling talents of the South American 'MSN' triumvirate.
When Messi was absent for two months due to knee ligament damage early in the season, Suarez scored 12 times in 10 games, including twice as Barca embarrassed Real Madrid 4-0 away.
Suarez also scored the winner as Barca beat Atletico Madrid 2-1 to open up a gap at the top in January and most memorably slotted home Messi's pass from the penalty spot to complete a hat-trick in the 6-1 rout of Celta Vigo in February. That character shone through in the final weeks of the season as Suarez lifted Barca out of an alarming April slump. Although he failed to find the net in any of Barca's three consecutive La Liga defeats for the first time in 13 years last month, Suarez responded with 14 in the last five games for the five wins Barca needed to hold off a late-season surge by Real.
Two years removed from the pain of missing out on the Premier League and being kicked out of the World Cup for an infamous bite on Italy's Giorgio Chiellini, Suarez's redemption story continues with another trophy to show why he forced through a move to Barca. Moreover, he has the personal pride of leaving Ronaldo and Messi below him on the podium for the Pichichi they have made a personal duel for the past six years.
After losing out by one point to title winners Barcelona in La Liga on Saturday, Real Madrid's attention turned to the Champions League final with Atletico Madrid in Milan in two weeks. Zinedine Zidane's side beat Deportivo La Coruna 2-0 in the final La Liga game of the season, recording a 12th straight win in the competition, but Barca clinched the title with a 3-0 victory at Granada. Real's hopes looked dead and buried after losing to Atletico at the end of February and falling 12 points behind Barcelona. At more than 1.8 meters tall and weighing 70 kilograms, Yang Yiguo is one of the best-known professional kickboxers at the Monster fight club. The event prompted him to beef up through martial arts, and he quickly fell in love with Thai boxing. Kickboxers compete in a bout at the Monster fight club in Chengdu, Sichuan province, on Dec 11. Monster was founded by two of Yang's friends in a converted bar in an upscale neighborhood of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan province. Aside from using WeChat, the instant-messaging app, the club does no promotion, yet an increasing number of people are learning about it via word of mouth.
Yang and Ma Huoche, a DJ who organizes events at the club, have devised a three-tiered system: knockout bouts, challenge bouts and exhibition matches.
Participants and the audience come from various walks of life, including office workers, teachers, doctors, tattoo artists, police officers, sailors, lawyers and college students.
The fighters wear little in the way of protective equipment, apart from gum shields and boxing gloves. Fight night lasts from 10 pm to midnight every Friday and Saturday, with each bout consisting of two to three rounds.
Yang began offering one-on-one lessons in late February after returning to China from a 20-day training camp in Thailand. Fighting, she adds, is a good way of relieving the pressures that accumulate in daily life, but it must be taken seriously. In February, a local newspaper published a report about the club that, according to its founders, intentionally misrepresented the venue to make it look like a shady, underground business.
After the report, the police called several times to check whether the club was breaking any laws. Yang adds that, although the fights are passionate and bloody affairs, the fighters always shake hands at the bell.
Emotional fighters always lose because their skills and judgment are affected by their feelings, he says.
Xiao Mo, a costume designer in his 20s, has good upper-body strength, but that didn't stop him from suffering a three-round defeat at the hands of a 30-something lawyer who boxed under the name "1942". Breathless and bathed in sweat, Xiao was too exhausted to speak as his friends supported him as he climbed slowly out of the ring.
For Yang, it's all about restoring the martial spirit, which some say the Chinese people have lost. He concedes that he felt humiliated when his coach put him in the weakest training group just because he was Chinese.
Serena Williams of the US hits a return to Anna Lena Friedsam of Germany in their second-round match at the Italian Open in Rome on Tuesday. The gourmet food Serena Williams ordered off the hotel room-service menu for dogs looked good enough for her to eat. Williams posted a video Wednesday on Snapchat showing the salmon and rice dish she ordered for her Yorkshire Terrier at their hotel during the Italian Open. Williams says the bite tasted weird, "a little bit like a house-cleaner thing," but she ate it anyway.
Coming from one of the most famous and successful women athletes in the world, the video raised eyebrows but Williams replied to queries on Thursday by saying: "I'm not the most serious person off the court. Admitting she was feeling no serious ill effects of the incident, she added: "No, thank God!
Roger Federer said "time was ticking" in his battle to recover form and fitness for the French Open after he lost to rising Austrian Dominic Thiem 7-6 (2) 6-4 in the third round of the Italian Open on Thursday. Former world No 1 Federer still looks way short of his best after knee and back injuries and struggled to get to grips with the 22-year-old Thiem at the Foro Italico, a week after withdrawing from the Madrid Open. Thiem, ranked 15th, recovered from an early break and streaked into a 6-2 lead in the tiebreak before taking the opening set with a backhand winner. He broke the 34-year-old Federer's serve again midway through the second set as he claimed the 32nd victory of a breakthrough season that saw him rise to a career-high 13th. Federer, the winner of 17 majors, has missed 10 weeks of the season following knee surgery. Federer, a four-time finalist in Rome, missed last week's Madrid Open with a back problem but said there had been some encouraging signs this week. World No 1 Novak Djokovic was on the wrong end of a love set for only the ninth time in his career, picking up just eight points. From there, though, he moved to a smooth victory over the 37th-ranked Belluci and a quarterfinal meeting with Rafael Nadal, who defeated Australian Nick Kyrgios 6-7 (3), 6-2, 6-4. Bernard Tomic ruled himself out of representing Australia at the Rio Olympics in August due to his "extremely busy" playing schedule. Tomic, who was warned by Australia's Olympic chef de mission Kitty Chiller he was among a group of athletes whose behavior was being monitored to judge their suitability for the Rio team, will instead play an ATP tournament in Mexico. Tomic drew heavy criticism last week following his exit from the Madrid Open when, on match point against Fabio Fognini, he held the racquet by the strings and did not offer a shot to the Italian's serve. The 23-year-old responded to the criticism by telling News Corp, "I don't care about that match point.
The response was described as "appalling" by Chiller and the criticism intensified when he pulled out of his opening match in Rome after just eight minutes, citing illness. Joe Pavelski of the San Jose Sharks scores a goal past Shea Weber (6) and goalie Pekka Rinne of the Nashville Predators in the first period of Game 7 of the Western Conference semifinals of the NHL Stanley Cup playoffs at SAP Center on Thursday in San Jose, California. Captain Joe Pavelski and the rest of San Jose's big guns took little time to answer the questions about how this version of the Sharks would respond after a lackluster loss in a potential series clincher. Pavelski got San Jose off to a fast start in Game 7 with his franchise record-tying ninth goal of the playoffs to send the Sharks to their first Western Conference final in five years with a 5-0 victory over the Nashville Predators on Thursday night. Joel Ward, Logan Couture, Joe Thornton and Patrick Marleau also scored as San Jose shook off an overtime loss in Game 6 to reach the conference final for the fourth time in franchise history. After blowing a 3-0 series lead to Los Angeles in 2014 in their most noteworthy in a long list of playoff collapses and missing the postseason entirely last year, the Sharks are now one round away from advancing to the Stanley Cup final for the first time in franchise history. The Predators' most successful season ended in bitter disappointment as they were unable to repeat their Game 7 road win in the first round against Anaheim to make the conference final for the first time. Defensive miscues by Nashville's two top defensemen, captain Shea Weber and Roman Josi, led to early San Jose goals as Pekka Rinne got little help from his teammates. The Predators had just eight shots on goal in the first two periods and Rinne left after allowing goals to Thornton and Marleau early in the third period. Nashville remains one of three franchises, along with Columbus and the current Winnipeg franchise, to never make it to a conference final. The Sharks got there in 2004, 2010 and 2011 - only to lose each time as a long run of regular-season success behind stars such as Thornton and Marleau has not yet led to the ultimate postseason goal.
The 2014 collapse set the franchise back and led to Thornton losing his captaincy amid several other changes the past two years. The Sharks came out fast from the drop and completely dominated the opening period, outshooting Nashville 17-3 to take a 2-0 lead.
Tim Duncan of the San Antonio Spurs forces Russell Westbrook of the Oklahoma City Thunder to pass the ball during the second half of Game 6 of the NBA's Western Conference semifinals at the Chesapeake Energy Arena on Thursday in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Tim Duncan doesn't know yet where he's headed as the San Antonio Spurs face an uncertain future. Kevin Durant scored 37 points, Russell Westbrook added 28, and Oklahoma City beat San Antonio 113-99 on Thursday night to win the Western Conference semifinal series 4-2.
Oklahoma City lost 124-92 in Game 1, but first-year coach Billy Donovan led the Thunder to victory in four of the next five. Steven Adams had 15 points and 11 rebounds, and Andre Roberson added 14 points for the Thunder. The Spurs were trying to extend the winningest season in franchise history after going 67-15. In Game 6, Oklahoma City opened up a 47-29 lead late in the second quarter after a 3-pointer by Westbrook that brought a roar from the crowd. The Thunder looked like the Spurs often do in the first half, running an efficient offense while committing just three turnovers.
The veteran Spurs had one last surge left and got as close as 11, but a 3-pointer and a driving layup by Westbrook killed San Antonio's momentum for good. The Thunder dominated the boards in the series, winning the rebounding battle in five of the six games. Since Gregg Popovich became coach of the Spurs on Dec 10, 1996, there have been 233 coaching changes throughout the rest of the league. There's only five coaches who were in their current NBA jobs before 2013: Popovich, Spoelstra, Carlisle, Toronto's Dwane Casey and Portland's Terry Stotts.
Below is a breakdown of total coaching changes by team since Popovich took over as coach in San Antonio.
This doesn't include when coaches missed games for illness or personal reasons, or in situations where the head coach remained officially in place but was not at games (such as when assistant Ron Rothstein filled in for Pat Riley at times during 2006-07 and 2007-08 in Miami, or earlier this season when assistant Luke Walton guided Golden State while Steve Kerr recovered from back surgeries). The NBA superstar, who is making another run toward a title with the Cleveland Cavaliers, said Thursday that he will extend his playing career only as long as his three children will let him.
James and his wife, Savannah, have two sons and a daughter: 11-year-old LeBron Jr, 8-year-old Bryce and 19-month-old Zhuri.


The Cavs have been in limbo since completing a four-game sweep of the Atlanta Hawks, Cleveland's second sweep of these playoffs. James has never given a firm timetable on how long he intends to play, but the four-time MVP isn't showing any signs of slowing down.
He has added reason for that optimism: Many of the Blazers said Thursday they'd be sticking around this summer to work out together. The Trail Blazers' theme this season emerged over time as the team kept surpassing expectations.
From a preseason bonding trip to San Diego, where the team hammed for photos on the beach, to Lillard's team dinners and trips to a roller skating rink, the young Blazers became a cohesive group.
Lillard was the lone starter to return from the 2014-15 Blazers, after LaMarcus Aldridge, Nicolas Batum, Robin Lopez and Wesley Matthews departed in the offseason. The group that was assembled was the third-youngest in the NBA and included players who, for whatever reason, hadn't really caught on elsewhere. Portland had a daunting task in the defending NBA champion Warriors and MVP Stephen Curry in the second round but put up a fight. Lillard averaged a career-high 25.1 points in the regular season, becoming just the third Portland player to average more than 25.
CJ McCollum averaged 20.8 points in his first year as a starter, giving the Blazers their first backcourt duo with an average of 20 or more points apiece in a single season. McCollum was named the league's Most Improved Player for more than tripling his scoring average from the 2014-15 season. Those two will almost certainly be back next season, as will fellow starters Al-Farouq Aminu and Mason Plumlee. The Blazers have a team option on coach Terry Stotts for the coming season, but the team is looking to quickly firm up a long-term deal. Robby Fabbri, their 20-year-old rookie center, became the youngest player in NHL history to score three points in a Game 7, with a goal and two assists, while captain David Backes added a goal and an assist.
The Blues, in the playoffs for the 40th time and still in search of their first Stanley Cup, will have home-ice advantage in the Western Conference final against Nashville or San Jose - and for the Stanley Cup Final as well, if they advance. Patrik Berglund and Vladimir Tarasenko also had goals to help the Blues win for the third time on the road in the matchup. It was the fourth straight game in the series, and fifth overall, won by the visiting team, and a lopsided finish to a second-round series matching the Western Conference's top two teams in the regular season. Coach Ken Hitchcock's Blues were only two points behind Dallas in the regular-season standings for the top seed. In this Game 7, the Blues were in firm control after the first period, even after having a goal disallowed because of a replay challenge by Dallas. The Blues were ahead to stay when Fabbri scored on a powerplay 5:23 into the game, whipping a backhander past after Kari Lehtonen after the Dallas goaltender was unable to control a loose puck. Tarasenko took a shot from in front of the left circle that somehow got behind Lehtonen and into the net with about two minutes left in the first period that appeared to make it 2-0, but replays showed Tarasenko was offside before the puck got in the zone, and officials wiped off the goal. Dallas coach Lindy Ruff used two goalies all season, and Lehtonen was replaced after allowing three goals on eight shots.
And while Ovechkin has been in this position before, having never reached a conference finals in his 11-year NHL career despite eight trips to the postseason, the Washington captain is no more comfortable with the process. After years of playoff heartbreak, this season looked like it might hold a new ending for Ovechkin as the most dangerous scorer of his era helped the Caps lock up home-ice advantage throughout the playoffs with a month to spare. He kept up his solid play during the postseason, recording five points in the quarter-final win over the Philadelphia Flyers that lasted six games.
Ovechkin then added seven points against Pittsburgh in the Eastern Conference semifinal that saw Washington storm back from a 3-0 second-period deficit only to lose 4-3 in overtime of Game 6. The heartbreaking end to the season has prompted some to suggest the Capitals need to make sweeping changes if they want to take the next step, while others feel a few complementary pieces are all that is needed. As captain, Ovechkin often shoulders the blame when his team underperforms, and while he could have cashed in on more of his chances, few would argue he is to blame for Washington's early exit. Allardyce hailed the club's "miraculous" effort to secure its top-flight future with a game to spare after a 3-0 victory over Everton on Wednesday condemned neighbor Newcastle United and Norwich City to join Aston Villa in the Championship next season. Allardyce's future would have been uncertain had Sunderland failed to upset the odds by clambering out of the bottom three for a fourth straight season. But after guaranteeing a 10th consecutive Premier League campaign, the 61-year-old said he was relishing the challenge of helping to ensure "great escapes" become a thing of the past.
The January additions of midfielders Wahbi Khazri and Jan Kirchhoff and Cote d'Ivoire defender Lamine Kone - who scored twice as Roberto Martinez's side was soundly beaten - have proved crucial in Sunderland's latest successful survival bid. Meanwhile, the beleaguered Martinez brushed off questions over his future after Everton again succumbed to defeat, sparked by Patrick van Aanholt's 38th-minute free kick.
The Goodison Park side is in free-fall after one win in its past 10 games and now cannot secure a top-half finish. The Spaniard said his club has found it difficult to come to terms with its FA Cup semifinal exit to Manchester United last month.
Sunderland's Jermain Defoe celebrates with manager Sam Allardyce after beating Everton 3-0 at The Stadium of Light on Wednesday. The Canaries beat Watford 4-2 on Wednesday thanks to two goals from Dieumerci Mbokani, one from Nathan Redmond and an own goal by Hornets defender Craig Cathcart. But the result ended up counting for nothing as Sunderland beat Everton 3-0 to confirm neither Norwich nor Newcastle United can now climb out of the bottom three on Sunday's final day. That Sunderland was winning comfortably was known long before the final whistle at Carrow Road on a night when Troy Deeney and Odion Ighalo scored for the visitors. Whether he will still be in charge at the start of next season in the Championship remains to be seen, but the Scot was certainly moved by the acclaim he received. Remarkably, Watford manager Quique Sanchez Flores appears more likely to find himself in need of new employment. Watford came up with Norwich last season and never allowed itself to become embroiled in a relegation battle. Norwich City fans look dejected after Wednesday's match against Watford that relegated their club from the Premier League despite a 4-2 victory.
The IOC said on Wednesday it remains in contact with French prosecutors following allegations of a secret $1.5 million payment made during Tokyo's winning bid for the 2020 Olympics. It said the account is linked to Papa Massata Diack, the son of disgraced former IAAF president Lamine Diack. French prosecutors confirmed in March they had widened their investigation into corruption at the IAAF to include Olympic bidding for the 2016 and 2020 Games.
The International Olympic Committee said it has been in touch with French magistrates from the start and is now a civil party to the investigation. The IOC said its chief ethics and compliance officer "will continue to be in contact with all interested parties to clarify any alleged improper conduct". French prosecutors have been investigating bribery and money-laundering involving doping cover-ups at the International Association of Athletics Federations.
Papa Massata Diack, who worked as an IAAF marketing consultant, was banned for life by the IAAF ethics commission in January for corruption and cover-up allegations linked to Russian doping. The elder Diack, who stepped down in August after 16 years as IAAF president, is accused by French prosecutors of pocketing more than 1 million euros ($1.1 million) from bribes in exchange for covering up doping cases. The Guardian reported in January it saw leaked e-mails linking Diack's son to alleged "parcels" to be delivered to six IOC members during the bidding for the 2016 Games, which were awarded to Rio de Janeiro. Possible wrongdoing involving Lamine Diack and the 2020 Olympic bid race was cited in a World Anti-Doping Agency commission report into IAAF corruption.
The report suggested Diack dropped his support for Istanbul's bid because Turkey refused to pay, and backed Tokyo after the Japanese paid. Brazil will deploy only half the 9,000 elite police originally planned for the Olympics in Rio de Janeiro this August, a state official said on Wednesday. He said the federal government had informed him several days ago that he would receive only 4,500 officers from the elite police force.
The Olympic security plan announced several months ago provided for a total of about 80,000 police and soldiers for the violence-plagued city, double the number deployed for the 2012 London Games.
Brazil also published a presidential decree on Wednesday authorizing the military to shoot down any "hostile" aircraft threatening the Games. The measure, similar to ones enacted for the 2014 World Cup and 2013 Confederations Cup, will apply nationwide. Arrieta is one of several players potentially affected by Strasburg's seven-year, $175 million deal with the Nationals, which prevents the right-hander from testing free agency after this season. Arrieta avoided arbitration with a one-year, $10.7 million, deal with Chicago in February and is not eligible for free agency until 2018. Arrieta is coming off a breakout season, helping the Cubs get to the NL Championship Series. Strasburg, the No 1 overall pick in the 2009 draft, was 11-7 with a 3.46 ERA in 23 starts for the Nationals in 2015. His new contract, announced on Tuesday, includes opt-outs after the 2019 or 2020 seasons, and $70 million in deferred money. Strasburg was an All-Star in 2012, but his season was cut short by the team out of concern for his surgically repaired elbow. Asked about Strasburg's deal as it relates to the Cubs, president of baseball operations Theo Epstein said it does not impact them too much. Arrieta and Strasburg are represented by Scott Boras, who has a reputation for taking his players to free agency.
A fifth-round pick in the 2007 draft, Arrieta has flourished since he was acquired by Chicago in a July 2013 trade with Baltimore. Chicago Cubs starting pitcher Jake Arrieta unwinds against the Washington Nationals at Wrigley Field in Chicago last week. Thompson scored 33 points with six 3-pointers, Curry added 29 and sealed it with a 3 with 24.9 seconds left and Golden State advanced to the West final for the second straight season with a 125-121 victory over the Portland Trail Blazers in Game 5 on Wednesday night. Draymond Green, who had his left ankle retaped in the fourth quarter, had 13 points, 11 rebounds and six assists after guaranteeing Golden State would advance from this game. The Warriors got past Portland playing without Curry for the first three games as he recovered from a sprained right knee. Now, Golden State will wait for the conclusion of the Oklahoma City-San Antonio series, led 3-2 by the Thunder. Thompson shot 13 for 17 and became the first player to have at least five 3s in seven straight games, also recording his fourth 30-point game this postseason. Curry's 3-pointer to beat the third-quarter buzzer gave Golden State a 93-91 lead heading into the final 12 minutes, then the Warriors made sure their raucous crowd at Oracle Arena got to celebrate another series-clincher after they eliminated Houston at home - also winning that best-of-seven series 4-1. The Trail Blazers were 16 of 36 on 3-pointers and, unlike their Game 2 loss at Oracle Arena, they stayed in this one for the entire 48 minutes.
Allen Crabbe, who played at the University of California in nearby Berkeley, scored 20 points. Curry's first points came at the 5:29 mark of the first quarter and then he got Golden State right back in it on one wild sequence.
He missed a long 3 off the front rim, Leandro Barbosa got the rebound and tried a backward pass to Curry that the point guard had to save. Green, who blocked a career-high seven shots on Monday, made good on his declaration to eliminate Portland. Curry, donning a yellow "Strength in Numbers" T-shirts over his No 30 jersey, received his MVP award from commissioner Adam Silver before the game as fans chanted "M-V-P!" and video highlights of Curry's year were shown on giant monitors.
Stephen Curry of the Golden State Warriors runs down court during the final seconds of their win over the Portland Trail Blazers in Game 5 of the Western Conference semifinal on Wednesday at Oracle Arena in Oakland, California. DeRozan matched a playoff high with 34 points and Lowry had 25 as the Raptors beat the Miami Heat 99-91 to take a 3-2 lead in their Eastern Conference semifinal. Lowry and DeRozan made six of 28 shot attempts and scored 19 total points as Toronto lost 94-87 in overtime in Game 4. It was DeRozan's franchise-best 13th 20-point game in the playoffs and his sixth this postseason. Toronto led by 20 in the first half and by 13 to start the fourth quarter before its lead shrunk to 88-87 when Wade made a pair of free throws with 1:54 left. DeRozan made a pair of free throws and, after a Miami turnover, Lowry drained a long 3-pointer to put Toronto up 93-87 with 52 seconds left. DeRozan jammed his sore right thumb while fouling Miami's Tyler Johnson with 8:19 remaining in the fourth.
England's Danny Willett readies for The Players Championship during Tuesday's practice round in Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida.
Masters champion Danny Willett has been away from golf for a month and has been working harder than ever. The last box of about 200 yellow Masters flags for Willett to sign for players and charities arrived on Tuesday, bringing the total to what manager Chubby Chandler estimated at just short of 1,000 since the 28-year-old from England slipped on a green jacket.
A fascinating lecture on unconscious bias -- the fact that hidden biases, operating largely under the scope of your conscious mind, influence the ways you see and treat others, even when you are determined to be fair and objective. Event details may change at any time, always check with the event organizer when planning to attend this event or purchase tickets.
In the 1950s, James Vicary claimed that by inserting frames into a movie that told audience members to buy Coke and popcorn, he was able to increase Coke sales by 18 percent and popcorn sales by an astounding 57.8 percent. Even though Vicary later admitted that the entire experiment was never performed, a book by Vance Packard titled The Hidden Persuaders in 1957, and another by Wilson Bryan Keys called Subliminal Seduction, brought into question how advertisers attempt to influence customers. As leaders in the new science of habit marketing and experts in the workings of the unconscious mind, we encourage the exploration of marketing that goes beyond conscious awareness. In the previous section, I suggested an esoteric Metaphysical paradigm, in terms of four parameters or gradients of being (ontoclines) which make an overall map of all possible states of existence and states of consciousness. The integral psychology proposed here is metaphysical and hence not able to be accepted in postmodernist academia. The esoteric psychology of many of the world's Wisdom Traditions differ from the limited metaphysics of materialistic and dualism, Dualism on two grounds. As with the colours of the rainbow, one can divide the spectrum into any number of gradations or hypostases. A six- or seven-fold fractal psychology would be a lot more complicated (and obviously impossible to portray in a simple diagram). Psychic or Astral or Affective, not to "prana", which is included in the Etheric sublevel of the Physical Plane).
Building on Sri Aurobindo's theory of types based on three evolutionary purushas, I would like to propose here a psychology based on seven "vertical" faculties or individual irradiations, each of which in the individualisation of the universal prakriti of that hypostasis. This gives two ontological parameters - from self-sufficient to irradiation, and from mind to body. Each irradiation or stratum of being (right column, above) also has a conscious, preconscious, and unconscious aspect, although the proportion or percentage of hypostasis that is unconscious increases the further "down" into "matter" or "density" one goes. Further complexity results from the interaction between the various faculties and subfaculties. Finally, there are trans- , supra- and inter- personal influences and factors, which might be on the universal, occult, or the surface level, that further complicate things, often involving influence and irradiation by forces that are not part of the individual psyche.
In addition to the above "Vertical" dimension described above, there is the "Concentric" dimension of the psyche or consciousness. Depth Psychology and to a lesser extent Transpersonal Psychology represent a more detailed exploration of the Inner-Outer or "concentric" polarity. Other spiritual psychologies are presented in Vedanta (beginning with the Mandukya Upanishad), in which four states of consciousness are described. Inner - the vast region of potentials and realities hidden from the narrow surface consciousness, but revealed through meditative and yogic practices, and studied by Depth and Transpersonal Psychology.
Middle or Intermediate - a transitional physical, psychic and spiritual region between the vast inner sphere and the outer consciousness; includes the personal unconscious, the dream state, hypnosis, trance, meditation, and drug induced, schizophrenic and natural-healthy altered states of consciousness. Outer - the surface physical and psychic consciousness and preconsciousness, the Ego or waking consciousness of Freud and Jung, the Field of Consciousness (as usually considered) of Assagioli. Inner part of Outer - the world of introversion, imagination, intuition, light meditation, mild altered state of consciousness (e.g. Outer part of Outer - external physical reality or rationalising and externalising consciousness; the indriyas (senses) of Yogachara and senses, organs of action, and elements of Samkhya. The practice of Buddhistic, Gurdjieffian, Aurobindonian, and other such techniques of introspection is a wonderful way to understand the workings of the psyche, consciousness, and therefore reality as a whole. Here we see both the "vertical" (lower-higher - The Lower, Middle, and Higher Unconscious), the "individual-collective-universal" (the Individual "egg" and the Collective Unconscious), the "inner-outer" (the field of consciousness and the Unconscious), and the "self-nonself" (The Higher Self, the "I", and the Field of Consciousness again) parameters all represented. Depth psychology distinguishes between the conscious mind or Ego, and the Unconscious (in Jungian psychology this latter is further divided into individual and collective). Following Sri Aurobindo, there are three purushas that constitute the inner being and represent the three centers of organisation (of mind, affect, and body).
By not giving the thoughtforms energy, they disappear of their own accord, and in this way one can increase the sphere of influence of calm and tranquility within one's psyche.
And I want to argue that it is the specificity of this problem which allows us to think the relation between the history of capital and the history of mimesis.
I could summarize this critique as follows: if RanciA?re were more inclined to focus his attention upon the distribution of the insensible, perhaps he might think more perspicuously not only about the relation between politics and aesthetics, but also the relation between political economy and aesthetics. Marx analyzes the process of production from two perspectives: the labor process and the valorization process. Moreover, we transform materials into tools, instruments of labor, with which we transform materials.
The transformation of materials produces objects with use value, but it also produces commodities with exchange value. But insofar as it is specifically capitalist, what the process of production produces is value, and a particular kind of value: surplus value and its reintegration into the production process as capital.
The entire empirical reality of facts, events and description by which one moment and locality of time and space is distinguished from another is wiped out. And this social genesis is at once material and abstract, since the exchange value of a commodity is borne by its use value, and since exchange (like the labor process) is a physical act which also requires abstraction from all physicality. Hence the exchange process presents a physicality of its own, so to speak, endowed with the status of reality which is on a par with the material physicality of the commodities which it excludes. This is what Sohn-Rethel, following Marx, calls a€?the real abstractiona€? of the value form as a social process of exchange. In a materialist inversion of the Kantian transcendental, media technologies constitute the a priori conditions of possibility for the sensible, such that the distribution of the sensible already operates within these conditions. From the industrial revolution to the production and networking of digital information technologies, the history of modern technology emerges from and responds to the demands and internal contradictions of capitalist accumulation. This early period of subsumption is merely a€?formala€? because the production process itself (the labor process which is subsumed) remains primarily pre-capitalist. New technologies of production, and new techniques of production (assembly lines, for example) make it possible to increase productivity, and thus increase the amount of surplus value that can be extracted in a certain period of time. If automation, or for that matter any mechanisms, even less radical ones, that can increase productivity, are to be prevented from reducing socially necessary labor-time to an unacceptably low level, new forms of employment have to be created.
Essentially, Society of the Spectacle is a book about the consequences of real subsumption, about the contradictions that it bears within its history and about the new regime of accumulation necessary to defer and compensate for the crises those contradictions contain.
A corporation like Foxxcon, the largest manufacturer of electronic components in the world, is something like a distillation of the entire history of the contradiction between capital and labor, the great movements of the industrial revolution, Taylorism, Fordism, the off-shoring of manufacturing labor, and the simultaneity of deindustrialization and post-Fordist cognitive capitalism with the persistence of the most traditional forms of miserable factory work. The main piece is the sculptural object we have been looking at, titled Vanitas, a reproduction of the artista€™s office. Every component of the artista€™s desk and of his tools is precisely rendered as either a three dimension drawing or a three dimensional scan. It mimics one of the primary gestures of that movement or style, bringing the artista€™s studio and living space into the museum.
Obviously it is expensive to reproduce onea€™s office in nickel-plated aluminum and to display it so dramatically. The content of his piece is nothing other than that relation, a reflection upon that relation.
Baiera€™s piece should be considered as part of an installation, not merely a sculptural object, insofar as it does, in fact, come into relation with its surroundings, surroundings composed of digitally produced images and objects. In front of Vanitas, a meticulously composed compound photograph of the stone wall beside the earliest cave paintings, titled Canvas. Not a reflection of the sun but an indexical image of its absorption, marked by the circular discoloration of the black tissue. Having held this meteorite in the palm of my hand, three years ago, I can testify to the strangeness of encountering its inexistence, distributed between these two art of objects.
Instantiated as digital code, they were a€?ina€? that computer, stored in its memory banks, transformed on its screen.
At and through the limits of modernity, of capital, of mimesis, of thought, of sensation, and within their outside, his work draws us into that distribution. The 19-year-old brought the crowd to its feet with a blistering final lap to win the event.
She'll wrap up the competition with two more events - the 100 free and the 200 individual medley - on Sunday but won't tackle the 800 free, probably her signature event.


At that time he was not yet a candidate for the FIFA presidency and was busy preparing Michel Platini's campaign.
I'm delighted, it's been a great day and we get to lift the trophy in front of the fans," said Dybala.
But despite goals from Mohamed Salah, Stephan El Shaarawy and a late Emerson strike, with Carlos Bacca hitting a late consolation for the Rossoneri, it was not enough for Luciano Spalletti's men. However, his well-honed physique is a far cry from when, at 16, he was beaten up during a basketball game. Now in his 20s, he has been fighting professionally for six years and has lost just four of his 30 bouts. In November, Yang joined them as a Thai boxing coach and, using his connections, arranged bouts featuring several well-known boxers. The fighters register for free via WeChat and are assigned to different levels depending on weight and experience. They are allowed to strike their opponents with their fists, elbows, knees, legs and feet, and the bout is only stopped if a boxer yields or if the referee steps in to stop the fight.
Cut eyebrows and bloody noses are the most common wounds, while no fighter has sustained serious injuries, Yang says. The events draw audiences of about 50 people, with tickets costing 100 to 200 yuan ($15 to $30; 13 to 26 euros). Given the large number of people who have contacted him through WeChat, the boxing training market is far larger than the one for organizing fights. That's because the Chinese all elbow themselves into casinos, transexual shows, restaurants and shops," he says.
She recovered in time to beat fellow American Christina McHale 7-6 (7), 6-1 in the third round Thursday. He shrugged off the defeat, saying his immediate priority was the French Open that begins on May 22. The frustration boiled over as he slammed his stick against the post and tossed it aside after Marleau's goal made it 5-0.
But with only 10 players remaining from that disappointment and a new coach in Peter DeBoer, the Sharks believed this team was different and are showing that through two rounds of the playoffs.
Oklahoma City now will face defending NBA champion Golden State, starting Monday in Oakland, California. The 40-year-old Duncan struggled for much of the series before scoring 19 points as San Antonio tried to fight back in the fourth quarter. San Antonio lost just once at home during the regular season, but the Thunder beat the Spurs twice in San Antonio during the series.
Durant's 3-pointer with 2.3 seconds left in the half pushed the lead to 55-31 at the break. San Antonio shot 31.1 percent from the field before the break and missed all nine of its 3-pointers. The team has spent the past two days practicing while waiting to see if it will play the Toronto Raptors or Miami Heat in the Eastern Conference finals. Many never thought the Blazers would win more than 30 games, let alone make the playoffs, but Portland went on to finish 44-38 with the fifth seed in the Western Conference. After dropping the first two in Oakland, Portland claimed the third at home but lost the fourth in overtime - with Curry coming back from a knee injury and scoring 40 points, including 17 in the OT.
Forward Maurice Harkless, who started all 11 postseason games, backup guard Allen Crabbe and reserve forward Meyers Leonard are all restricted free agents. Louis also went seven games to win its quarterfinal series, beating the defending Stanley Cup champion Chicago Blackhawks 3-2 on Brouwer's winning goal in the Game 7 clincher at home. He was pulled late in the first period of Game 6 after giving up three goals on seven shots and Dallas held on to win 3-2 and set up its first Game 7 at home since 2000. Louis Blues goalie Brian Elliott makes a save against the Dallas Stars during the third period of Wednesday's Game 7 of the NHL's Western Conference semifinal at American Airlines Center in Dallas, Texas.
We have the best goalie in the league, we have a solid group of guys on the defensive side, and all four lines can play well.
Our signings in that window have proved crucial and now the next set of recruitment over the summer is just as important," said former Newcastle manager Allardyce. Neil, at 34, is one of the youngest in the profession and elevated the club from the second tier in his first season in charge. But despite a satisfying season, he is expected to be replaced by the Pozzo family, which owns the club. He is wanted for questioning by prosecutors in France, and Interpol has issued a wanted notice for him. The e-mails were reportedly sent by Papa Massata Diack to a Qatari business executive in May 2008.
A footnote to the report indicated Diack was prepared to sell his vote in exchange for a $5 million sponsorship of IAAF events. It will be a challenge, but we're ready for it," Rio state security secretary Mario Beltrame told newspaper O Globo.
He added 11 assists after returning to the starting lineup for the first time all series because of a knee injury.
Marreese Speights provided key minutes off the bench and made a 3-pointer with 8:19 to play after a layup the previous possession.
The ball went to Bogut, who turned toward the baseline and handed off to Curry from close range and buried a 3 over his tall teammate with 4:34 to go. Toronto can clinch its first appearance in the conference final with a win in Game 6 in Miami on Friday.
They shot 20 for 47 overall and scored 59 points, their highest total this postseason, even with DeRozan battling a bad thumb that took another hard hit in the second half. It is what drives much of the racism, sexism, ageism, homophobia and other prejudices widespread in our culture.
There is no doubt that the unconscious mind plays a large role in consumer decision-making. If a company is discovered to have been manipulating its consumers (and, in our investigative culture, it inevitably will be), that trust is broken, and habits will be destroyed. Crucially, I want to show how the relation between those two histories is mediated by another: the history of technology. That is: focusing on the specific problem of the distribution of the insensible turns out to be the key to thinking about the relation between aesthetics and politics in a materialist way, in a manner properly responsive to the exigencies of Marxist historical materialism. He sets in motion the natural forces which belong to his own body, his arms, legs, head and hands, in order to appropriate the materials of nature in a form adapted to his own needs. For example, according to Sohn-Rethel, the purely formal character of the Kantian forms of intuitiona€”space and timea€”can be understood as genetically related to the abstract formalism of the value form and the exchange relation.
Time and space assume thereby that character of absolute historical timelessness and universality which must mark the exchange abstraction as a whole and each of its features. Thus the negation of the natural and material physicality constitutes the positive reality of the abstract social physicality of the exchange processes from which the network of society is woven. This real abstraction constitutes a kind of a€?second nature,a€? and Sohn-Rethel argues that this second nature is a€?the arsenal from which intellectual labor through the eras of commodity exchange draws its conceptual resources.a€? We can situate this analysis more broadly at the level of the whole process of valorization, or the accumulation of capital through circulation. We need to supplement Sohn-Rethela€™s materialist critique of epistemology with a history of media technologies like that carried out by Friedrich Kittler.
Thus, without further increasing the length of the working day, one can increase surplus value (this called a€?relative surplus valuea€?). But Marx makes clear that the part of capital invested in constant capital does not undergo any alteration in the process of production, it does not increase (this is why it is called constant).
This means that less money is being paid out on the labor market for the consumption of commodities. A happy solution presents itself in the growth of the tertiary or service sector in response to the immense strain on the supply lines of the army responsible for distributing and hyping the commodities of the moment. And behind the passage I just read, we can also read a commentary on the history of technology.
The conditions of possible experience are themselves conditioned by the moving contradiction between capital and labor. Indeed, bearing the conditions of its production in mind, one might view a device like an Apple computer as a distillation of the entire history of modernitya€”of the manner in which modernity acts upon external nature and changes it, and in this way simultaneously changes its own nature, from the printing press to the steam engine to the silicon chip.
Each of these objects is then reproduced, at exact scale, by either machining in aluminum (in the case of objects that were drawn) or stereolithography (in the case of objects that were scanned). But in doing so it forecloses the primary content of that gesture, radically separating this space from that of the viewer, encasing it within a mise-en-abyme in which only images interact with one another. A tour de force of concept, design, and execution, the piece is also nothing if not resourceful. As he did with the objects reproduced in Vanitas, Baier made a three dimensional scan of the meteorite and then reproduced ita€”at a much larger scalea€”through stereolithography.
He starred in the most glorious parts of the campaign and, most tellingly, made the difference when the team most needed him. She says Yang started by teaching her the basics, but he soon discovered she had a good foundation in the sport and remarkable physical strength. He just wanted to try," says Xiao's wife, who watched the bout and wiped the sweat from her husband's face during the breaks between the rounds. Take away Popovich's two-decade-and-counting run, and the average time that an NBA coach has been able to keep a head-coaching gig around the league is about two and a half years. So what am I, the second-longest-tenured?" Spoelstra, who rose from the Heat video room to head coach, said earlier this month when asked about the lack of job security in the field.
The Raptors lead the Heat - James' former team - 3-2 in their series, which continues Friday night. He's led the Blazers to the playoffs in each of the last three years, and to the conference semifinals twice. The Blues routed the top-seeded Dallas Stars 6-1 on Wednesday night to advance to their first Western Conference championship round since 2001. Stastny scored first and then Berglund on a shot from just inside the blue line with only 3.4 seconds left before intermission. The speaker, Jennifer Raymond, is a professor of neuroscience from Stanford University and expert on the science behind the phenomenon, especially as it pertains to women in the workplace. However, to propose marketing practices that work outside a consumer's consciousness and work against his or her own desires or well-being is to walk along an ethical precipice that is both dangerous and foolhardy. Habit marketing is designed to create marketing strategies and approaches that work with the brain, not against it.
The relation between the history of capital and the history of mimesis is mediated by the history of technics.
Through this movement he acts upon external nature and changes it, and in this way his simultaneously changes his own nature. It is independent because the exchange value of a commodity is entirely determined by the average socially necessary labor time required to produce it, not by the materials of which it is composed.
We can view the process of production from two sides, but what it produces are commodities that are sold for money, which is reinvested in the production process and thereby becomes capital.
He does not think the distribution of the insensible, the movement of valorization, and thus he misses entirely the dimension of political economy in his thinking of politics.
The social process of valorization is the very medium in which we think, and to which thinking is applied through intellectual labor (such as management). And indeed, Kittlera€™s media-theoretical analysis of discourse networks should also be understood as a materialist critique of Kantian idealism. It communicates with itself, through its own data channels, and consciousness is the epiphenomenon of communication.
Thus, during the period of formal subsumption, the extraction of surplus value is primarily correlated to the length of the working day and the cost of labor power. This is what automation and capitalist management techniquesa€”Taylorism and Fordisma€”are for.
So labor has to be reabsorbed into the labor market to support consumption and prevent overproduction.
The development of industrial automation both necessitates and creates the conditions of possibility for the invention of new media apparatuses, especially digital information technologies and networks. The history of the sensible, the transformations undergone in the media-technological conditions of sensation and experience, is also the history of the insensiblea€”the history of the process of valorization as it develops in relation to contradictions in the labor process. This process includes every electric or electronic plug and cord connecting Baiera€™s computer, his monitors, his speakers, and his scanner. Although it draws the space within which the artist works and thinks into the space of the museum, the artist is pointedly absent.
It patently shows off the artista€™s mastery of that form of technA“ so crucial to contemporary art practice: the capacity to get funding.
At his desk, thinking, communicating, representing, the artist enters into the circuits of capital, the movement of valorizationa€”as do we all, one way or another. He then melted the meteorite down and used the graphite of which it was composed to paint the surface of Monochrome (Black).
Sublime Behavior Marketing does not endorse such activities, and does not participate in them.
This may mean using some techniques that are unconsciously processed, but only as far as helping the brain automate its behavior around decisions it consciously endorses. And it is through this history, this mediation, that art takes up techniques which throw us back outside the history of capital, outside the history of mimesisa€”indeed, outside the history of the human, the history of thought, and the history of sensationa€”within and through the technical means to which the linked histories of capital, mimesis, and technics give rise.
Labor time is that abstract, universal equivalent which will find its answer in the universal abstraction of the money form, and value is not a material thing but a social relation.
Production produces both surplus value and capital, and capital produces expanded cycles of accumulation.
One consequence of this failure is that he has no rigorous means of accounting for the relation of his history of art and artistic regimes to the history of capital, to structural changes of the contradiction between capital and labor. Insofar as intellectual labor is subsumed by capital, as is manual labor, the forms of thought themselves enter into a relation of dialectical genesis with the value form. For Kittler, it is not transcendental categories but media technologies which determine the conditions of any possible experience. The capitalist wants to extend the working day as much as possible, and to reduce wages as much as possible.
What Marx calls a€?real subsumptiona€? is this revolutionizing of the production process such that it becomes properly capitalist. Thus, as relatively more capital is invested in constant capital and relatively less capital is invested in variable capital, relatively less capital is available for conversion into surplus value. The process of real subsumption thus also requires the growth of the tertiary service sector, which produces both a new labor market and new fields of commodity production and consumption. These not only enable the growth of the tertiary service sector and its forms of communicative labor and consumption, they also themselves produce new markets of goods and services.
Shortly after he coined the term a€?immaterial labor,a€? Maurizio Lazzarato renounced it, for the good reason that the term was impossible to reconcile with a materialist position. It includes the crumpled pieces of paper in his trash can and a book lying open beside his keyboard. The piece is something like an anti-humanist negation of relational aesthetics: perfectly finished, enclosed, complete, pristine, it subtracts the participation of the viewer precisely through the viewera€™s gaze, which is drawn into and lost within the reflexive auto-mimesis of the object. The distribution of the insensible: the movement of capital, the structural transformation of the contradiction between capital and labor, the circuitous courses of the process of valorizationa€”all this is how a digital information system ends up inside a mirrored box in the company of fluorescent lighting and minimalist furnishings, installed on the distressed concrete floors of an art gallery. The matter of the object thus remains, and so does its form, but the object itself has disappeared into an uncanny splitting of their formerly integral relation. Canvas shows us the primordial matter of mimesis: the substrate of inaugural images carved in stone, with stone.
As Marx tells us in Chapter 8 of Volume One, a€?the means of production on one hand, labor-power on the other, are merely the different forms of existence which the value of the original capital assumed when it lost its monetary form and was transformed into the various factors of the production process.a€? Both the means of production and labor power are different elements of capital in its own valorization process. In my opinion, this is a problem substantial enough to render his history of aesthetics more or less irrelevant. For Sohn-Rethel, the Kantian transcendental subject is the representative modern figure of this dialectic (though its status as such is occluded by the idealism of transcendental philosophy).
The rate of surplus value extraction depends upon these factors (this is called a€?absolute surplus valuea€?). It is not only that labor is subsumed under the value form, but that the very constitution of labor itself changes. Capital needs to invest more in technology in order to increase productivity and sustain the valorization process.
The new regime of accumulation that accompanies this structural transformation is what Guy Debord theorizes as the Spectacle. And more importantly, they are the technological ground for the massive growth of speculative markets we call a€?financialization,a€? which is predicated (in its contemporary form) upon the exchange of digital information.
He should have referred instead to a€?insensible labor.a€? Information and cognition are not immaterial, but they are insensible. Each of these reproduced objects is then plated in mirrored nickel before being rearranged, in in a reproduction of their configuration, within a parallelepiped encased on all six sides in one-way mirrored glass and illuminated by overhead fluorescent light. His studio is something like the Platonic form of so-called a€?immaterial labora€?a€”designer furniture and designer devices, neatly arrayed with the precision of an architectural firm blessed with a particularly fastidious custodial staff. This movement, this transformation, this process is what we are looking at, though we cannot see it. But we can also recognize, as Catherine Malabou argues in What Should We Do With Our Brain?, that there is a structural homology between post-Fordist management discourse emphasizing non-hierarchical networks, self-organization, flexibility, and innovation, and contemporary neurological theory, which views the brain as a decentralized network of neuronal assemblies and emphasizes neurological plasticity as the ground of cognitive flexibility and adaptation.
In the discourse network of 1800, the book is the site of an encounter between reading and writing, wherein the romantic imagination produces a projection of the soul into what Novalis calls a€?a real, visible world,a€? written into and read off of printed signifiers, emerging from the text as synaesthetic phantasmagoria in which all the senses are drawn together by the hallucinatory experience of Literature. Importantly, then, real subsumption requires and depends upon technological innovation: the capitalist process of production both needs and produces new machines because these increase productivity within a given period of time and thus compensate for limits on the length of the working day. But by doing so, it also decreases the amount of capital which can be converted into surplus value. The tech boom and its implosion are the logical and necessary outcome of real subsumption, pushing beyond its limits into the society of the Spectacle.
And the forms of affective labor which precisely are sensed are premised upon the indistinction of labor and leisure, the impossibility of distinguishing them under conditions of post-Fordist accumulation. Star (Black) confronts us with an extra-terrestrial outside, encountered, vanished, recordeda€”at once absent and yet uncannily present as residue and reproduction. The concrete process of transforming materials through labor, aided by tools, is subsumed by the abstract process of valorization. In the discourse network of 1900, gramophone, film, and typewriter effect an analytic separation of this sensory synthesis, constituting distinct technologies of recording and transmission for sound, the moving image, and the written word. Thus, due to forces of competition and technological innovation driving increased productivity, the rate of surplus value extraction tends to decline.
It is labor itself that becomes insensible under these conditions, dispersed into networks linking neurons and screens and indistinguishable from the most intimate gestures of our affective lives. These are images of the deep time of human and cosmological history, outside the limits of modernity, of capital and its enabling technologies of representation. Such would be a historical materialist account of conceptual abstraction following from Sohn-Rethela€™s critical of idealist epistemology. What Kittler calls a€?media differentiationa€? carves up the Romantic imagination, sutured to the book, and parcels out its capacities among discrete technologies addressed to a segmented perceiver: an ear, an eye, a minda€”a modernist collage of the formerly integral subject.
Thus, it is only possible to extend the working day so much, or to reduce wages to so little, because the reproduction of capital depends upon the reproduction of labor. What the installation asks us to think, however, is the manner in which it is these technologies of representation which record this outside, which draw our attention to it and make it manifest. The precise transformations of materials it enablesa€”its retentional exactitudea€”precisely negate all transformation. Simply put, the way we thinka€”the form of thinkinga€”is dialectically intertwined with the structure and the historical movement of capitalist accumulation.
Like Malicka€™s The Tree of Life, Baiera€™s meteorite indexes a cosmological time and an inhuman history which never was sensed, which was prior to sensationa€”though, like Malicka€™s film, Baier makes this history manifest through the most sophisticated technological means of representation. The labor of the artist is the transformation of money, through materials, into its own image. Baiera€™s Canvas, a meticulous photographic recording of the bare stone wall beside the first recorded images, situates this indexical effort within the whole history of representationa€”again, carrying us outside the modern technics of mimetic exactitude which make the digital rendering of this stone wall possible in the first place. But this is also to transform them into an art object: neither tool nor raw material, neither instrument nor that to which it is applied. Rather, a worked form, presented, apparently useless and withdrawn from exchangea€”though of course it has its uses and cannot help but find its way back to market.



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