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Changes in land use through land degradation, and climate change, are the most prominent factors. The climate change effect in India is becoming more pronounced with increasing summer temperatures, shrinking of winter season, delayed monsoon arrivals and their early withdrawals. Increased concentration of greenhouse gases in atmosphere and consequent global warming along with the activities of natural phenomena like El Nino are the major cause of environmental degradation and climate change. Excessive carbon emission from manufacturing plants, power generating units and transport vehicles is polluting environment and causing global warming. Climate change effect is now visible in different regions of the country through a change in some of the major cropping patterns.
Ecological disturbances brought about by global warming and natural weather forming systems are resulting in unusual and erratic monsoon. India’s foodgrains production and agricultural economy are poised for a setback as a result of the weak southwest monsoon in 2015-16. Southwest monsoon which provides most of India’s rainfall during June-September period arrived late by about two weeks in 2015-16.
Rainfed rice crop will be affected adversely in northeast and eastern India including West Bengal, Bihar and eastern Uttar Pradesh.
The frequent weather abnormalities as experienced in 2014-15 and in 2015-16 and their effect on crop production are a cumulative result of climate change caused by the global warming. Welcome to Rural Marketing, India's first and foremost destination for discovering the new shape, size and momentum behind its markets. Join our community of more than 990 contributors to publish your perspective, share your narrative and shape the global discourse. Global warming and change in climatic conditions have always been an issue from past many years across the globe. They have stated this fact after analyzing the combined climate, agricultural and hydrological models.
It has been suspected that this rate could decrease to 600-2,900 petacalories, if there will be a decline in number of freshwater storages.
Joshua Elliott is a research scientist with the Computation Institute's Center for Robust Decision Making on Climate and Energy Policy, Argonne National Laboratory.
Joshua added: "Several modeling groups have already changed the way that they are modeling the hydrological cycle with respect to crops because of the results of this paper".
He said agricultural models are mainly designed to find out the effect of temperature, precipitation and other factors on crop yield.
It says human-caused climate change is happening now and it's affecting our everyday lives.
David Wolfe is a professor of plant and soil ecology at Cornell University and the lead author of the Northeast region section of the study.
Another potential health impact: Many Northeast cities are served by combined sewer systems that collect and treat both stormwater and wastewater, and these systems can get overwhelmed when it rains heavily. Farmers may also find themselves needing a lot more water for crops and animals, and the report projects a potentially negative impact on crop yields and milk production. Many insect pests, pathogens, and invasive plants (think kudzu) appear to do very well in the conditions of recent and projected climate change.
John Sheehan, spokesman for the environmental group The Adirondack Council, says scientists and authors in the Adirondacks have been warning of these changes for years. That's unlikely anytime soon, though, as the mere release of the report sparked finger pointing and accusations of politicizing the weather between Senators Mitch McConnell and Harry Reid, the Republican and Democratic leaders in the Senate.

Climatic factors and natural resources like sunshine, ozone layer, life supporting atmosphere gases and water resources are under constant pressure. Farmers in the eastern districts of Uttar Pradesh and parts of Bihar are at least partially replacing wheat with winter maize, and summer pearl millet (Bajra) has occupied large areas in central and western Uttar Pradesh due to change in the temperature regime. There were heavy and unusual rains during Rabi season (winters) of 2014-15, damaging wheat, rapeseed and mustard, pulses and potato crops in large parts of north India. This has happened on the heels of an inclement weather in the Rabi season (winters) of 2014-15 which had damaged major crops of rice, wheat, pulses and oilseeds with an overall loss in the production of foodgrains to the extent of around 4 percent in 2014-15 as compared to the previous agricultural year. With a special focus on showcasing the interplay between urban and rural areas, you can expect to find information on every aspect of the country's rural industry here including agriculture, rural innovation, rural development, rural news, rural affairs, and how to make the most of it. According to a new study, researchers said freshwater storage could double the effects of climate changes on agricultural yields. He said this is the first research in which multi-model collection of hydrological models was compared with a multi-model ensemble of crop models. It has been reported that hydrological models estimate factors like stream flow, water availability and storm runoff. Its findings have implications for North Country agriculture, disease, and the health of the Adirondack Park.
Much, much, more rain: A 71 percent increase of "heavy precipitation events" is already happening in the Northeast, which has experienced a greater recent increase in extreme precipitation than any other region in the United States.
Temperatures are expected to rise between three and 10 degrees in the next century, depending upon how we manage carbon emissions. Here's why: Habitat for the Asian Tiger Mosquito, which transmits the disease (and several others), will increase radically by the end of the century, from 5 percent to 49 percent. This has been associated with stomach illness in more than one city; More frequent heavy rains could mean an increase in these kinds of waterborne diseases. Their expansion, the report predicts, will lead to an overall loss of biodiversity, function, and resilience of some ecosystems. Global temperatures are increasing, monsoon cycles are becoming erratic and environmental degradation is threatening ecosystems in various climatic zones.
The process of climate change is in a state of flux and it is difficult to foretell the period of its stabilisation. A decade wise review of rainfall data since 1951 to 2000 reveals an increasing number of drought years (Agricultural Research Data Book 2014, IASRI-ICAR).
Whereas the receding monsoon rains have compelled farmers in parts of peninsular India to replace some of rice area with maize crop. It rained intermittently all through the winter months from December 2014 through April 2015.
Entire Indo-gangetic plains along with western and central Uttar Pradesh, parts of eastern India, central India and even parts of south India and most of Maharashtra received below normal rainfall during main monsoon months of 2015-16. The rainfed area is most vulnerable in the drought years as the situation is being faced in 2015-16. Since the water requirement of maize, coarse cereals, pulses and oilseeds is comparatively less, their production will be affected to a lesser degree. We look forward to support you in your journey to discover and profit from the new and improved engine of growing India.
It states that change in climatic conditions alone can cause loss from 400-2,600 petacalories of food supply.
This change would expose more than 30 million people to the threat of "dense infestations" by the Asian Tiger.

Managing increased heat and pests (insect and plant!) will cost agriculture more, but climate change could present opportunities to grow new crops. Even between 2001 and 2014, it has rained less than normal in 10 years out of a total of 14.
The monsoon rains were excessive in some parts of desert districts of Rajasthan and Gujarat as it rained heavily there in a short span.
Almost two-third of the country is rainwater deficit in 2015-16 monsoon months and crops in the rainfed areas have suffered. It will be wise to increase area of pulses and oilseeds in rainfed regions of the country instead of rainfed wheat in the Rabi season of 2015-16. Either way, it's expected that the frequency, intensity and duration of heat waves will increase. You might think warmer temperatures would be a positive for agriculture, and they do lengthen the growing season in many cases (not all, though: lots of rain can delay planting and harvests, and reduce yields). As ocean temperatures rise, habitats for cold water fish like brook trout will shrink, as will habitats for spruce-fir forests.
SURESH C MODGAL writes on the affects of climate change and increasing global temperature on Indian agriculture. Based on these changes in cropping patterns, the agricultural research centres across the country have initiated research programmes to study the effect of climate change on various aspects of crop production and to evolve a suitable technology for the changed environment. Crops in irrigated areas though have not suffered much, but their cost of production has gone high due to the additional expenditure incurred on irrigation.
Also the soil and water conservation measures like mulching, use of short duration crop varieties and water saving devices e.g.
Other countries like the United States has committed for a 32 percent cut in its carbon emission by 2030. That will impact vulnerable populations, infrastructure, agriculture and ecosystems in our region. But warmer temperatures also mean more pests for a couple reasons: insects such as corn earworm are arriving earlier in the year, and aggressive weeds (again, kudzu!) do much better in warmer conditions than do crop plants. Since species interactions are complex, it's not quite clear what these changes will mean in terms of what species do end up living in the region's oceans and forests.
This is likely to raise the prices of foodgrains, vegetables and other agricultural commodities. The world community will be watching the proceedings of this convention with great hope and anxiety.
It's not exactly clear how climate change will impact Lyme disease, but several studies have linked tick activity and Lyme disease to climate: specifically, to moist late springs and early summers. Those plants also become more resistant to herbicides when carbon dioxide levels are higher in the atmosphere, as is likely to happen in coming decades.
Food security of Below Poverty Line (BPL) masses and overall agricultural economy may as well get a setback.

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