Most fat people do best on low carbohydrate diets, without appreciable grains. Even if you might have done well with grains pre-obesity, your metabolism is probably damaged by long term weight gain. Ketosis (not the dangerous ketoacidosis) metabolically causes you to lose fat rather than muscle, provided that you don’t overeat. For a long term diet, a food plan that hovers between ketosis and low carb just above ketosis is probably the best. Green vegetables and clean fish or pasture-raised meat, eggs from outdoor chickens and small amounts of berries, yellow fruits and vegetables or pickled root vegetables should be the basis of your diet. This actually can be done with a vegetarian diet but will be a lot more interesting with animal protein. The infamous low glycemic vegetarian diet that beat the ADA diet for diabetes was basically vegetarian Atkins.
There is a threshold beyond which losing weight is close to impossible without extraordinary changes, so don’t get there.
The kind of extraordinary changes that allow weight loss include moving away from family and friends who may reinforce inactivity or stress, changing to a very physical profession, radically increasing exercise and changing the kind of food you need and a spiritual renewal that doesn’t involve lots of sitting or reading.
If you suddenly gain weight, loose it as soon as possible so that your setpoint weight doesn’t increase. When you take medications like steroids, antidepressants, antipsychotics, long term antibiotics or insulin you will probably gain weight, often substantial amounts.
While some people can, I have never lost weight from exercise alone but I also don’t lose significantly without exercise, including interval aerobics, weight training and stretching. If your endocrine system is unbalanced, try adaptogen herbs like rhodiola, ashwaganda, ginseng and eleuthero.
Weight loss herbs basically fall into a few categories: detoxification, bulk laxatives, liver support, starch blockers, fat blockers and thermogenic herbs. Liver herbs like dandelion leaf, green coffee extract, Oregon grape, berberis and milk thistle will help you convert fat and get rid of toxins that were locked up in your fat. Go for periods of time without appreciable carbs, like between dinner and lunch with salmon salad or a veggie frittata for breakfast. A two year, $4 million studyof 307 people, purporting to compare low carb to low fat diets has been completed, apparently showing similar weight loss after two years, but improved blood lipids for people who followed the low carbohydrate diet. The low carb diet went for 12 weeks, after which people were encouraged to add 5 grams of carbohydrates daily for a week, increasing carbohydrates until their weight stabilized.
The low calorie diet went on for 2 years. So a short term diet was compared to a long term diet. UCLA psychologists Traci Mann (right) and Janet Tomiyama analyzed 31 long-term studies on dieting. ScienceDaily (2007-04-05) — Dieting does not work, report researchers who analyzed 31 long-term studies on dieting. The study underestimates how many people fail at diets since the failures are reluctant to return for follow-ups. Many studies have less than 50% followup and rely upon self-reporting of weight levels.
Several studies indicate that dieting is actually a consistent predictor of future weight gain.
One study found that both men and women who participated in formal weight-loss programs gained significantly more weight over a two-year period than those who had not participated in a weight-loss program. None of this means that eating healthy foods in moderation and exercise are not worthwhile. You can be healthy and improve blood sugar levels or blood lipids.
Say you eat an apple which is all sucrose and some fiber. Half of sucrose is glucose and 76% of that burns off at the first pass while 24 % of it goes into the liver where most of it is stored as glycogen and the rest powers mitochondria for energy. I was listening to Jeffrey Yuen speak about how heat turns into fire toxins unless the body damps it down, and it suddenly hit me why people with long term heating emotions might eat the way they do.
And what kinds of foods do we look for when we eat emotionally? Sweets, breads, chocolate, ice cream, perhaps with a glass of milk- all the foods that tend to generate dampness when consumed. We rarely have cravings for bell peppers or mustard greens or shitake mushrooms when we are emotionally spent. Most people with blood sugar problems have noticed that carbohydrates raise blood sugar, often followed by a crash. But not all carbs are created equal: a baked Idaho potato with a sprinkle of salt will send your blood sugar spiraling more than an equal weight of even ice cream or table sugar. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.
People on simple low-carb diets tend to be less concerned about the other macro nutrients (protein and fats) and eat them in any proportion they want. The LCHF diet takes this idea one step forward by significantly increasing the fat percentage in one’s diet, which is supposed to force the body to use fat as energy.
I’ve sold a few loaves of my paleo bread to people on this diet recently and it started me thinking about the difference between the paleo diet and the LCHF diet. For example, artificial sweeteners are generally discouraged in the paleo diet because of potential health risks. And related to the point above is that the motivation for monitoring fat, carb and protein percentages is to get one’s body into a state of ketosis. The last point is written about quite extensively in Jeff Volek and Stephen Phinney’s book, which states that high carbohydrate diet locks a person into a dependence on carbohydrate as the dominant fuel for exercise. If you are in Singapore and want to join the low-carb high-fat (some are paleo eaters!) community, there is a forum at Hardwarezone here. Low carb diet is a high-protein diet, therefore you will eat enough protein foods to satisfy your hunger. To lose weight, you are only allowed to have a certain grams of carbohydrates a day, and the amount may varies among individuals. Going on a low carb diet is a good way to lose weight, but you need to eat different low carb foods to maintain variety. Many herbal and nutritional supplements are described for effectiveness in terms that the FDA would prohibit for people -which tends to prevent good information from getting to us about how to use nutritional supplements. Maybe it was my grandmother’s Native genes clashing with a 1960s Standard American Diet- I took after her rather than my parents. Maybe it was a reaction (mine? Heck we have a worldwide epidemic of obese 6 month olds who probably eat and move much like infants always have, so it makes no sense to blame. And we need to get real about it. There are entire civilizations in ketosis (traditional Inuit, Bantu, hunter-gathers) who are not in active weight loss. Move to a 5th floor walk-up or work a half hours walk from home to build in exercise. You also need to make peace with monitoring everything you eat, monitoring exercise and monitoring weight.
Statins can cause diabetes, but are pushed on people with insulin resistance. It may be worthwhile, but consider the effect in evaluating your course of treatment and also whether protective lifestyle changes are realistic. Don’t skip the stretching, because heavy weight predisposes you to injury if your muscles are in the wrong place. Studies consistently find that people who reported the most exercise also had the most weight loss. They have been popular in recent years and even my rice-loving mum would tell my brother not to eat so much rice if he wants to get rid of his tummy fats.
So they may cut out the rice and bread from their meals and eat lean white chicken breast, for example.
So instead of eating lean white chicken breast meat, the dieter eats the fattiest part of the chicken, while keeping carbs low at the same time.
But the LCHF diet is more relaxed about this because of the psychological necessity to get some sweetness into meals (fruits are not allowed because of the sugar). When you exclude grains and sweets from your diet, you tend to eat a lot less carbs than the average person. I always believe that everyone is different and the only way to find out what works for you and what you thrive on is to experiment on yourself and monitor your well being.
For sources of carbohydrate, give priority to leafy green vegetables, followed by low-carb fruits and legumes. Some fruits are allowed, but fruits with high glycemic index which will raise the blood sugar levels rapidly are restricted. With this low carb meals plan, you will only have less than 20 grams of net carbs daily, so as to switch your body into the state of ketosis.
You can do quite a bit to stay healthy via your diet and lifestyle, but you may end up healthy and fat. Occasionally I go on tiramisu jaunts. I go between wondering if I am gluten-sensitive or just carb-sensitive and go in and out of drinking milk. Younger men who haven’t been obese long and are willing to, say, become exercise instructors or indulge in full time physical labor stand the best chance of joining that elusive 2-5%. The advantages of this range from weight loss to blood sugar stabilisation to improving sports performance.
But in the paleo world, canola, which is a genetically engineered hybrid derived from rapeseed, will not be found in our cupboards because it is highly processed. For fats, go for healthy vegetable oils (such as corn oil, olive oil, canola oil, etc.), as well as from nuts and seeds and fruits like avocado. Even they say that only 20% of dieters are successful at a 10% weight loss for over one year. You have to make your life about keeping weight off and maybe change your work to something physical all day. The diet also has to be high in fat (around 70% of calorie intake) rather than high in protein because excess protein can be converted into glucose, which will kick you out of ketosis.
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