Weight management was hardly taught when she attended Tufts University School of Medicine in the 1990s.
A chain reaction of cellular oxidative stress in a particular organ can cause that organ to not function properly or become cancerous.Fortunately, the body comes equipped with an antioxidant defense system.
Antioxidants are molecules that can safely interact with free radicals and stop the chain reaction from continuing or even starting. A The good news is you can shed pounds while still eating delicious food - without hunger, cravings, or crankiness.A Counter-intuitive as it may sound, the key to losing and maintaining weight is continuing to cook, eat, and enjoy food.
If you exercise regularly, you do increase the potential for oxidative stress, making consumption of antioxidants even more important.The following foods and spices are rated by ORAC value. ORAC is an abbreviation for Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity and was developed by the National Institutes of Health in Baltimore. A a€?I dona€™t recommend the so-called a€?sumo dietinga€™ strategy of not eating all day and then overeating at night," Warren says, pointing out that this is how the heavy-weight wrestlers actually gain pounds. A a€?Going all day without eating results in low blood sugar, which can induce cravings and a loss of self-control." A The same can happen, though, when sugary, processed foods dominate your intake throughout the day. According to a study published last year in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, a diet of high-glycemic index foods made overweight test subjects feel hungrier and have more cravings than subjects ingesting low-glycemic foods. Theya€™re substances in food which prevent damage to your bodya€™s cells and tissues caused by free radicals. Ita€™s important to keep free radicals in check, as they may contribute to aging, cancer and chronic diseases such as heart disease and Parkinsona€™s disease.Certain vitamins, such as A, C, and E have antioxidant properties, as do bioflavonoids a€“ free radical-fighting chemicals naturally present in certain plants.
But she also points out that certain foods can improve your sense of fullness - ones with protein, fiber, or high water content (such as melon, and salad). A a€?They trigger neurochemical changes that help us feel happy and full."A That in turn, helps when you do sit down to a beautifully prepared meal. There are various methods of calculating the antioxidant value of foods, one of which is the ORAC (Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity) assay, used by the USDA.
A a€?Many people find that eating healthfully throughout the day helps them control their appetite and portions,a€? Warren says. A Not that you need to control the portions of low calorie-dense foods such as greens, broccoli and other vegetables. A If you know from past experience that you cana€™t stop, limit your exposure - only eat chocolate with a friend when youa€™re out, she says - so a€?you can feel happy, guilt free, and in control."A i»?CLICK HERE TO READ DR.
The type of spice with the greatest antioxidant capacity is cloves, with an exceptional ORAC value of almost 300,000 units.
ChocolateBet youa€™re not too sad to hear that chocolate is an antioxidant super-food! Keep in mind, though, that the more processed chocolate is, the less antioxidants it typically contains. Pure, unsweetened cocoa powder and baking chocolate both have phenomenal ORAC values of around 50,000, and dark chocolate candies can range in the 20,000s. Steer clear of milk chocolate, which possesses a far weaker antioxidant power (and also contains a lot more fat and sugar than dark chocolate).3. CoffeeCoffee is another great source of antioxidants, with an ORAC value ranging from about 15,000 to 17,000, depending on brew time, type of bean and other factors.
Warren as a physician who practices what she preaches, and includes a number of real-life food recommendations. While the ORAC value of coffee is considerably less than those of spices and pure cocoa, consider that in terms of volume, we consume a lot more coffee than we do spices. In fact, based on a University of Scranton study published in 2005, coffee is the top source of antioxidants in the average Americana€™s diet.4.
I played tennis, taught swimming, rowed crew in college.A If I ever felt I needed to lose ten pounds, I exercised more.
Other antioxidant-rich berries include elderberries, chokeberries, cranberries and strawberries.5. NutsNuts are jam-packed with antioxidants, while also providing protein, fiber and healthy fats. Pecans are the best source of antioxidants among nuts, with an ORAC value of close to 18,000. Thirteen years ago, I wasA skiing with my brother, who had lost a leg to cancer, and this was his firstA time out.
Dried FruitDried fruit is a highly concentrated source of antioxidants by weight since the fruita€™s water content has been removed.
The dried fruits with the strongest antioxidant effects include raisins (dried grapes), with an ORAC value topping 10,000, and prunes (dried plums), which clock in at around 8,000.
Fruit JuiceLike dried fruit, fruit juice is another super-concentrated source of antioxidants.
Berry juices are the best, with the ORAC value of black raspberry juice, for example, coming in at around 10,000. USDA researchers recently discovered that artichokes actually contain more antioxidants than any other cooked veggie, providing about 9,400 ORAC units.9. BeansKidney beans and black beans are the best sources of antioxidants in the beans-and-legumes family, offering up ORAC values in the 8,000s.
Like nuts, beans also provide filling protein and fiber, making them a great weight loss food.10. Colorful FruitsIn general, deeply pigmented fruits and vegetables have higher antioxidant capacities than less vibrant-looking produce (such as white potatoes, for example), as the protective bioflavonoids in plants are what supply them with rich colors.
Ia€™ll have a Greek yogurt with a teaspoon of peanut butter or a few cocoa-coated almonds mixed in. I prefer substitution to deprivation.When we have ice cream in the freezer, I wrap it in two plastic grocery bags.
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