In 1664, British ships captured the city, with minimal resistance: the governor at the time, Peter Stuyvesant, was unpopular with the residents of the city. Several battles were fought in New York during the Revolutionary War; the British defeated George Washington's troops, and held the city until the war ended. New York was briefly the capital of the new United States of America, in 1789 and 1790, and George Washington was inaugurated as President in New York, then the nation's second largest city. The building of the Erie Canal, in the 1820s, helped the city grow further by increasing river traffic upstate and to the west.
The modern city of New York -- the five boroughs -- was created in 1898, as the merger of the cities of New York (then Manhattan and the Bronx) and Brooklyn with the largely rural areas of Queens and Staten Island. The building of the New York subway, as the separate IRT and BMT systems, and the later IND, was a later force for population growth and development.
The world-famous Grand Central Terminal[?] opened as the world's largest train station on February 1, 1913.
As of the census of 2000, there are 8,008,278 people, 3,021,588 households, and 1,852,233 families residing in the city.
The median income for a household in the city is $38,293, and the median income for a family is $41,887. I invite people using message boards saying that I prefer my guests to be 30 - 50 years old but everyone is welcome. Description: During a naval campaign against Venice in 1501, a Turkish fleet captured a Spanish ship in the western Mediterranean. The map found its way to Suleiman the Magnificenta€™s Topkapi Palace where it remained undetected for four centuries. A long passage describes Columbusa€™ first voyage experiences, from initial difficulties in obtaining sponsorship to encounters with the natives. The Piri Reis map is drawn on gazelle hide, with a web of lines criss-crossing the Atlantic called a€?rhumb linesa€?, typical of the late medieval marinersa€™ charts.
Among the mapa€™s illustrations are two lozenges, which give the scale, and beautifully drawn ships, some accompanied by inscriptions which record important discoveries. The Iberian Peninsula and the coast of west Africa are carefully drawn, in a manner suggesting the style of the practical marinersa€™ charts called portolanos. Another immediately striking feature of the map is the number of islands, most of them legendary, and some of them adorned with parrots. The most striking topographical detail, and the one that has caused the most discussion, is the chain of mountains running through South America - the mountains which Charles Hapgood (Maps of the Ancient sea Kings) identified as the Andes. The coastline of northeastern South America indicates that information came from Ojeda, Vespucci, or one of their companions. In 1511 Piri Reis began to draw a new map of the world which was to incorporate all of the recent Spanish and Portuguese discoveries. In Gallipoli, where he temporarily retired, Piri Reis reduced his source maps to a single scale - a difficult task in those days - and spent three years producing his map.
As for the northern part of the map, we see here how Piri Reis benefited by the new Portuguese maps and recorded on it the discoveries made before 1508 on the North American coast by Amerigo Vespucci, Pinzon and Juan de Solis.
All the principal rivers in South America are marked on the map, though the names are not written, it is remarkable that he should have shown the river La Plate on the map, when Pinzo and Juan de Solis passed by it and from all accounts, never even noticed it.
An even more important argument for the Columbian origin of this part of the map is the fact that the real Cuba, as an island, is missing. Close studies of the Caribbean portion of the map confirm the idea that the map possesses all the important information that was on the map of Columbus drawn and sent to Europe in 1498 and also on the map of Toscanelli that Columbus had in hand when he first ventured out on his voyages (Book III, #252). The real Antilles are shown on the map not as islands, but as Columbus believed it to be, as a continent. Piri Reis calls the eleven islands on the southeast of Haiti a€?Undizi Vergine,a€? which shows that the number of the islands is not expressed by the word a€?onzea€? which means eleven in Spanish but by its equivalent in Columbusa€™ mother tongue, Italian. Scattered about the map are some other entries that also enlighten us about various details in the discoveries. By a picture near the island of Santiano is a note stating that the names of these places were found and given by a Genoese sailor brought up in Portugal. Towards the north, on the map is a picture of a fish on which is drawn a woman and a man making a fire, nearby is another ship and three people in a boat. The map in question is drawn on a gazelle skin by Piri Reis who had made a name for himself among the Western and Eastern Scholars through his detailed geographical book on the Mediterranean Sea entitled Bahriye [a€?On the Seaa€?] and which testifies to his capacity and knowledge in his profession.
As the same thing will be noticed in the maps of ancient and mediaeval times, the map of Piri Reis contains important marginal notes regarding the history and the geographical conditions of some of the coasts and islands.
The map in our possession is a fragment and it was cut of from a world chart on large scale. In one of these marginal notes the author states in detail the maps he had seen and studied in preparing his map.
Piri Reis, in a special chapter in his book Bahriye mentions the fact that in drawing his map he has taken note of the cartographical traditions considered international at that time.
The following entry-notes begin from the northwest corner, turn southward, then proceed along the perimeter, and finally continuing in a winding fashion towards the center.
There we find the northern part of the Atlantic Ocean and the newly discovered regions of North and Central America. The pieces of land seen at the side are the peninsulas of Honduras and Yucatan, discovered in 1517 and 1519 respectively. In this second map the drawing of the coastlines shows greater improvement in technique and also close resemblance to the modern conception of these areas. On this map, as on the previous one, there are some explanatory notes, but they are recorded more briefly. Over the second set of scales further north he says again that the distance between two sections is 50 miles and between two dots 10. Beside place-names in the notes near Labrador he says a€?This is Baccalao, The Portuguese infidels discovered it. Another interesting term used on the map is what he calls the tropics: a€?Daya€™s Lengtheninga€?. The line drawn over Cuba should, of course have been drawn further north, and the peninsula of Yucatan should have been put entirely below it; but that much accuracy could not be expected of the cartographical technique of the period.
As it can be easily observed from this map, Piri Reis continued following the new discoveries with great interest. In the capitals of Portugal, Marrakesh and Guinea, there are pictures of their respective sovereigns. IV.A A This map was drawn by Piri Ibn Haji Mehmed, known as the nephew of Kemal Reis, in Gallipoli, in the month of muharrem of the year 919 (that is, between the 9th of March and the 7th of April of the year 1513). The city is probably the world's most important financial center, and one of the most important cultural centers of the Western world.
Each borough elects a Borough President, but under the current city charter, the Borough President's powers are limited--he or she has a small discretionary budget to spend on projects within the borough. The population of the City of New York is more than eight million (2000 US Census), with the population of the entire metropolitan area at around 20 million.
Residents generally refer to New York City (or just Manhattan) as "New York" or "the city". In fact, the city has a high crime rate compared to the United States of America at large, but a relatively low rate compared to other North American cities.
Bloomberg had come to prominence as an expert on Wall Street, which had brought him great wealth, but the mayoralty is his first political office.
His bid for United States Senator from New York State was aborted by treatment for cancer and controversy over his affair with Judith Nathan. That town, at the southern tip of Manhattan, was called New Amsterdam (Nieuw Amsterdam), and was the main city of the Dutch colony of New Netherlands.
The British renamed the colony New York, after James II of England, who sponsored the takeover and who was at that time the Duke of York. Patrick's Day was celebrated in New York City for the first time at the Crown and Thistle Tavern on March 17, 1756.
By 1835 Manhattan overtook Philadelphia as the most populous city and established itself as the financial and mercantile capital of the western hemisphere. The song gave its name to a film directed by Martin Scorsese (see New York, New York (film)[?]).
One of the prisoners taken had earlier made three voyages to the West Indies with Columbus and carried with him a set of Columbusa€™ American charts.
Piri also became an admiral and is remembered as a scholar of navigational science and an accomplished linguist. In 1929 this remaining fragment was discovered when the palace was being converted to a national museum.
Most scholars do not believe these lines were used to indicate latitude and longitude but were used as an aid in laying out a course.
One is almost certainly an account of the expedition of Cabral in 1500; Cabral discovered Brazil when he was blown off course across the Atlantic while on his way to India. Here many of the place names are given in Turkish, rather than being merely transliterated from Portuguese or Spanisha€”showing that the Ottomans had practical experience of their own along those coasts. The accompanying inscription tells a tale from the life of the Irish Saint Brandon, a charming medieval legend. Maps showing islands scattered through the Atlantic were current ita€™s the later Middle Ages, and a globe made by Martin Behaim in 1492 (Book III, #258) - the same year Columbus first set off- shows a quantity of them; so does the Toscanelli map (Book III, #252), which we know Columbus used. The delineation of the coast of Brazil on the Piri Reis map is much more accurate than that of the Caribbean. The rivers that issue from their base are obviously meant to be the Amazon, the Orinoco and the Rio Plata, and the animal with two horns standing on the mountains is Hapgooda€™s a€?llamaa€?.
In the map Piri Reis adopts and applies the rules of emblematic signs mentioned on page 28 in the Bahriye. In the bibliography attached to the map he claims that his map is as sound and accurate for the seven seas as the map of the Mediterranean. Some of the place names on the South American coast, like Santa Agostini, San Megali, San Francisco, Port Rali, Total Sante, Abrokiok, Cav Frio and Katenio show a close resemblance to their modern forms.
Outside the parts relating to Columbusa€™ map, the scales in miles are astonishingly accurate. And so it should be on a Columbian map, for Columbus thought Cuba was part of the mainland of Asia, and drew it accordingly.
Hence Piri Reis calls Central America a€?the County of Antiliaa€?, and the North American coast a€?the coast of Antiliaa€?.
This is another indication of how faithful Piri Reis was to Columbusa€™ map, keeping close to the information of Columbusa€™ map which apparently possessed all that was on the earlier Toscanelli map, Piri Reis handed down to us the oldest map of America and informed us about various aspects of the most important phase in the history of the discoveries. Beside the picture of a ship near the Azores is written that this Genoese vessel came from Flanders, was shipwrecked, and that the survivors discovered these islands.
In anther entry close to the picture of a ship drawn near the South American coast he summarizes all the information given in a map by Nikola di Juan who was shipwrecked there. This is the story of Santa Brandon which was very popular in the middle ages, and was recorded in the a€?thousand and one nighta€? stones.
The Illustrated London News published a reproduction of it on 25th February 1932, which prompted a detailed letter by a prominent Turkish historian.
Piri Reis is the son of the brother of the famous Kemal Reis who was the Turkish admiral in the Mediterranean Sea at the last quarter of the 15th century. When the photographic copy of the map is carefully examined, it will be noticed that the lines of the marginal noted [sic] on the eastern edges have been cut half away. In the marginal note describing the Antilles Islands, he states that he has used Christopher Columbusa€™ chart for the coasts and islands. The coasts (the names of the coasts) and the islands are taken from the chart of Columbusa€?.
Therefore Piri Reis had made a study of some of the charts that represented the world, and according to his personal statement, he has studied and examined the maps prepared at the time of Alexander (the Great), the a€?Mappa Mundisa€™ and the eight maps in fragments prepared by the Muslims. Such a map is not owned by anybody at this time, I, personally, drawn [sic] and prepared this map.
The cities and citadels are indicated in red lines, the deserted places in black lines, the rugged and rocky places in black dots, the shores and sandy places in red dots and the hidden rocks by crosses.
Each of the roses is divided into 32 parts and the division lines are extended beyond the rose frames.
Besides these, on Africa there are pictures of an elephant and of an ostrich, and on South America of lamas and pumas.
It is related by the Portuguese infidel that in this spot night and day are at their shortest of two hours, at their longest of twenty two hours. On the way to the village of Hind a Portuguese ship encountered a contrary wind [blowing] from the shore.
And in this country it seems that there are white-haired monsters in this shape, and also six-horned oxen.
It is said that in ancient times a priest by the name of Sanvolrandan (Santo Brandan) travelled on the Seven Seas, so they say. Unlike the first map, drawn under the influence of Columbus, the islands of Cuba, Haiti, the Bahamas and the Antilles are drawn quite accurately. The note on the left-hand corner of the map, under the scales with the long and ornamental points, gives the signature of the author as well as the date 1528 (A. In his own words the explanation runs as follows: a€?Bu hat gun gayet uzadigi yere isarettira€? which means that these lines indicate the part of the world where the days grow longer. We should, therefore, acknowledge the greatness and value of the work among other maps of the period after pointing out briefly to its various merits and demerits. It is remarkable that, by taking into account the results of the new discoveries, he should correct in this map the inaccuracies of the first in which he was misled through his unquestioning confidence in Columbusa€™ map.
20121 Kings 8:28 -- But please listen to my prayer and my request, because I am your servant. Many believe that time is running out for this overcrowded, polluted planet which has been so misused for 6,000 years. Their expectations are not grounded in the scientific production of laboratory landscapes and recycled chemicals. But will the artificial conditions in a self-contained space colony be greatly superior to our worn-out earth? Such an ideal arrangement is the only one which will solve all the problems and fulfill all the dreams of all the people in the world today. It will match the exquisite beauty and glory that God incorporated into the Garden of Eden. The intimation is cleara€”men once did see, hear, and know of the wonderful things God has prepared for His people. We can thank the Lord that when He gives it back to us it will be altogether different from what we see around us today. Most folks think of it as some far off ethereal placea€”and that is about all the average man knows about heaven.
The capital city of that future glory land is called the New Jerusalem, and it is currently under construction according to the testimony of Jesus and Paul. What a delight it is to meet old friends after many years and to renew nostalgic ties of the past.
Goda€™s dwelling place will be among men, and the saints will dwell in both the city and the new earth.
He will escort us down those golden streets to show us all the different places of interest in the New Jerusalem. I dona€™t think I want to build houses.a€? Listen, dona€™t think it will be the kind of laborious work you see the poor carpenters in this world doing.
Too often, though, we have read stories of family pets which suddenly turned upon children, attacking them like wild animals. But in the restored Eden of God there will be absolutely no danger of violence from lions, leopards, bears, or snakesa€”much less from the beloved animal pets of earth.
The Bible says they will grow up as calves in the stall, and I think we adults are going to grow up, too. I cana€™t give you a text for this, so you just take it or leave it; but I think we are going to have a little trouble conversing with Adam in the beginning.
We often interpret this to mean that parents can watch their children grow into holy adulthood, but could it not also apply to all of us as we grow out of the stunting effects of sin? Beggars lined the streets in certain placesa€”crippled, twisted in body and mind, leprous, and blind.
Have you ever thought of the joy of getting acquainted with folk you have read about in the Bible? It sounded wonderful; but, listena€”the Bible says we have never heard about anything that would give us even the faintest idea of what heaven is really like. As one of the worlda€™s largest markets for the filthy weed, it exuded the familiar, permeating odor of aging tobacco. After settling into our cozy rented bungalow, an east wind sprang up and we found out what lay on the other side of the red wall across the street. We have tried to portray in human language the joy and delight of dwelling in a perfect environment, free from all sin and its despoiling influence.
Yet the very highest pleasure reserved for the redeemed will have nothing to do with their life style, their food, or their immortal nature. Both of them claimed to be Americans, but only one of them had his papers; only one had his passport. The United Nations headquarters is in New York City, giving some credence to the city's self-designation as "capital of the world". In addition, New York has been growing safer for most of the last decade--FBI data indicate that the murder rate in 2000 was the lowest since 1967. Bloomberg had been a Democrat until only a short time earlier, but switched to the Republican Party to run for mayor, in order to avoid a crowded Democratic primary.
He handled the aftermath of the World Trade Center disaster well, providing much-needed leadership, and greatly increased his popularity. The Dutch origins can still be seen in many names in New York City, such as Brooklyn (from Breukelen), Harlem (from Haarlem), The Bronx (from Pieter Bronck) and Staten Island.
The city grew northward, and remained the largest and most important city in the colony of New York. This holiday has since become a yearly city-wide celebration that is famous around the world as the St.
A nearly pure form of capitalism created a large upper-middle and upper class, but its need for manpower encouraged immigration on an unprecedented scale, with mixed results.
In this fortuitous manner Kemal Reis, the famous Turkish admiral, acquired maps of great importance showing a newly discovered part of the world. He produced charts, an important book on navigation, and a superb map of the world, which employed the Columbus maps taken by his unclea€™s sailors.
Delineated in nine colors, the map shows the Atlantic Ocean and adjoining parts of South and Central America, the islands of the West Indies, and parts of southwestern Europe and West Africa. He also refers to information from Portuguese and Arabic sources that proved important in developing his delineation of Africa and Asia. Faithfully copied by Piri Reis from one of his source maps, it is evidence that at least one of the mappaemundi mentioned as sources by Piri Reis was a medieval European production. The relationship and distance between South America and the west African coast, for example, is much more correct than on most European maps of the time - and the place names along the coast, clearly transliterated from Italian and Spanish names, are taken from accounts of the voyages of Amerigo Vespucci and others. Interestingly, though, the Piri Reis map is not the only early map - nor the first - to show mountains in the interior of South America. While Guadalupe and the islands immediately adjacent in the Lesser Antilles are remarkably accurate; the island of Hispaniola [Haiti] has quite a different form here from other contemporary maps, it is more reminiscent of the contemporary shape of the East Asian island, then called Cipangu [Japan]. Thus he indicates the rocky regions with black, the sandy and shallow waters with reddish dots, and the rocky parts in the sea that cannot be seen by sailors with crosses.
From the various Turkish names on these coasts like Babadagi, Akburun, Yesilburun, Kizilburun, Altin Irmagi, Guzel Karfcz, Kozluk Burnu, Iki Hurmalik Burnu, etc., we deduce that in his drawing he made use not only of the Portuguese maps in his possession, but also of the information supplied by various Turkish sailors faring along these coasts. Except for the two entries about the name and the date of the map, all the other entries are written by a calligrapher. In its northwest corner, for example, there is a large island labeled Hispaniola - today the home of Haiti and the Dominican Republic - which Columbus discovered on his first voyage and where he set up a colony, marked by the three towers on the map. Most striking of all, it is almost identical to the conventional representations of Marco Poloa€™s Cipangu [Japan] on late medieval maps such as Behaima€™s and Toscanellia€™s. On Pirs Reisa€™ map, the wedge-shaped projection on the mainland opposite Hispaniola is almost certainly the eastern tip of Cuba; the southward-trending coast below is an attempt to draw Cuba as if it ran north and southa€”as Columbus believed it did.
The island of Trinidad is written as Kalerot, which probably is derived from a cape on this island that Columbus called Galera.
It is true that at a certain spot quite near the North American Coast there is marked an island called the Antilia, but evidently that stood for the legendary island popularly regarded as fabulously wealthy and prosperous at the time when Columbus first started on his voyages.
By recording the explanations given by the Spaniard who had taken part in the three expeditions of Columbus and was later captured by Kemal Reis, he related the story of these discoveries from an original source free from the later legendary tales that have grown about them. From another entry we learn that the sea there is the Western Sea, but the Europeans call it the Spanish Sea, and after the discoveries of Columbus the name is changed to Ovasana, i.e. In one of the notes on the Atlantic Ocean he mentions the Treaty of Tordesillas 1599, and a certain line that divides the Spanish and the Portuguese possessions.
But Piri Reis does not neglect to add that the legend comes down not from the Portuguese but from the old Mappa Mundi. History records Piri Reis Beya€™s last official post as admiral of the Fleets in the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean.
Three lines only, which from the title and head lines of the map, were written in Arabic; and this is done to comply with the usual traditional way which is noticed on all the Ottoman Turkish monuments up to the very latest centuries. He sets forth the narratives of the voyages made, by a Spaniard a slave in the hands of Kemal Reis, Pin Reisa€™ uncle, who under Christopher Columbus made three voyages to America.
State Department, through their ambassador in Ankara, procured reproductions of the Piri Reis map for the Library of Congress. Each wind-rose is equal to one sea mile, as is shown in the measurements on the areas near the wind-roses. But it is reported thus, that a Genoese infidel, his name was Colombo, he it was who discovered these places.
Impelled by the storm it came upon these islands, and in this manner these islands became known. There is, however, a slight distortion in the map from the true position of the continent as we know it today.
In this second map Piri Reis showed only the parts of the world that had been already discovered and left the unexplored areas blank, explaining this by the fact that they were as yet unknown.
Delineated in nine colors, the map shows the Atlantic Ocean and adjoining parts of South and Central America, the islands of the West Indies, and parts of southwestern Europe and West Africa.A Many lengthy notes in Turkish appear on the map, including geographical descriptions and detailed information on the sources of the delineation. For survival purposes only, they hope to move into an orbiting satellite, made scientifically secure by fail-proof technology. True, the chemically-created atmosphere could be more easily regulated and maintained, but what about the basic, ultimate problems of survival? Disappointments and heart-wrenching sorrow would continue to mark the brief course of human existence, simply because mana€™s greatest problem is man himself.
Perfect health, a beautiful home, an ideal climate, and eternal lifea€”what else could anyone really wish for? Jesus declared that He is going to get a place ready and then come back to take us with Him to that place. It will cover an area greater than Virginia, the District of Columbia, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Rhode Island combined. Although the former troubles and sorrows will be erased from the mind, we certainly will not forget our friends and family. Not only will we be forever united with those we loved on earth, but we can make the acquaintance of those mighty spiritual giants who inspired us from the pages of the Bible. There is no reason to believe that those faithful workers with Paul received some kind of new, angelic names after they were converted. We will walk along the river of life, and He will tell us all about the tree of life, which grows over the river and bears a different manner of fruit each month. I probably should have stayed in bed.a€? Well, maybe they should have, but they loved the Lord so much that they wanted to come out to His house of worship.
Let me tell you this, parents, and you may take great comfort from ita€”your children will never be in danger of getting hit with automobiles. He was made in the image of God, and our poor minds have become dull by the inherited tendencies and weaknesses of 6,000 years of sin.
Not even a memory or reminder of such an experience will afflict the inhabitants of this glorious earth made new. It will take only a tiny fragment of eternity to traverse every street of that New Jerusalem with its 1,500 mile wall of purest jasper. In my library is a book in which a man tries to explain on a natural basis how Noah got all those animals into that ark. When it says that I have never seen anything to compare with heaven, that is great enough, because I have seen some wonderful things in this world.
I have seen the towering mountains of Switzerland and the lovely tulip gardens of Holland, but heaven will be immeasurably more beautiful than any of those sights. What a joy it was to get away from the area where so much natural beauty was negated by the miasma of nicotine pollution. The sweetest delight of heaven will be to see Jesus face-to-face and to live with Him throughout eternity. Holiday Party, Office Party, Christmas Party, Divorce Party, Cast Party, Many Types Of Events And Parties. The island of Manhattan was in some measure self-selected as a future metropolis by its extraordinary natural harbor formed by New York Bay (actually an arm of the Atlantic Ocean), the East River (actually a tidal strait) and the Hudson River, all of which are confluent at the southern tip, from which all later development spread. The famed melting pot was brought into being, from which multitudes have since arisen in the successful pursuit of the "American Dream".
Although fragmentary, this work and the Zorzi sketches (#304) are the only world maps with a direct Columbus delineation for part of America. The Nicold de Caveri map (#307), now in the Bibliotheque Nationale in Paris, and the WaldseemA?ller chart both show the east coast of South America, though schematically drawn, and a chain of mountains adorned with trees. In his drawing of the coastline and in his marking of the sites of importance on it we again notice his remarkable accuracy. Evidently this part of the map is drawn in accordance with the Ptolemaic idea of the world. Immediately below Hispaniola is Puerto Rico, and to the northeast is a group of 11 islands labeled Undizi Vergine [The Eleven Virgins]. It is interesting that Behaima€™s globe and other maps influenced by Marco Poloa€™s description of Cathay show a very similar wedge-shaped projection opposite the island of Cipangu; if Columbus thought he was off the coast of Asia he may have drawn the mainland this way to correspond to its then conventional representation. Puerto Rico is named here San Juan Batichdo, and on its eastern coast is drawn the picture of a fortress. It is to be noted, however, that beside the island is a note that states that, contrary to the common fallacy, the island is not prosperous. This shows that the Turkish geographer made use of many sources and did not neglect the latest information nearest to his age, and that he was very careful about his bibliography. These three lines in Arabic testify that the author is the nephew of Kemal Reis, and that the work was written and compiled in Gelibolu in the year 1513. He also states, in his marginal notes regarding the South American coast that he saw the charts of four Portuguese discoverers.
The Library of Congress was particularly anxious also to obtain a copy of Columbusa€™ maps upon which Piri Reis claimed in part to have based his own map. On both the lands and the seas there are entries sometimes relevant, sometimes irrelevant of the pictures. For instance, a book fell into the hands of the said Colombo, and he found it said in this book that at the end of the Western Sea [Atlantic] that is, on its western side, there were coasts and islands and all kinds of metals and also precious stones.
For this reason the Portuguese infidels did not land on these shores and these are also said to be very hot.
They traveled from the western land to the point of Abyssinia [Habesh] in order to reach India.
They thought it dry land and lit a fire upon this fish, when the fish's back began to burn it plunged into the sea, they re-embarked in their boats and fled to the ship. On his map it is written that these rivers that can be seen have for the most part gold [in their beds].
They have made an agreement that [a line] two thousand miles to the western side of the Strait of Gibraltar should be taken as a boundary. Up to now it was known by these names, but Colombo, who opened up this sea and made these islands known, and also the Portuguese, infidels who have opened up the region of Hind have agreed together to give this sea a new name.
This error was committed, due to neglect in not taking into consideration the ten to thirteen degrees of difference in angle on the contemporary compass. Today we know that the Portuguese explorer, Gaspar Corte-Real, discovered Terra Nova in 1500, and his brother, Miguel Corte Real, a year later in 1501, discovered Labrador.
Thus, Piri proved, once again, how he observed the principles of scientific methods in drawing this map.
The people eat the flesh of parrots and their headdress is made entirely of parrots' feathers. There, in an artificially sustained, friendly environment, they hope to become pioneers of a new space world for restless earthlings. They expect to travel there long before the white-smocked scientist develops his satellite colony.
He cannot elude his own selfish nature by fleeing to another locationa€”even to another planet. Goda€™s people will finally dwell in this beautiful world, not as it is today, but as it shall be prepared for the saints.
Now it is true that the devil came into the picture and interrupted Goda€™s plan, but he did not change that plan. Yes, it is a€?up there,a€? and we can agree with him that far, for when Jesus went away, He went up (Acts 1:9). The streets are pure gold, and the gates of it are solid pearla€”not merely composed of pearls, but actually made of one solid pearl.
I have had the joy of leading thousands of people to Christ, and I anticipate meeting them around the throne of God.
The very same names were written in the book of life that had been given by their Judean mothers. He will take us down one street after another, and finally, as we move along, we are going to see a certain mansion.
There is the whole beautiful new world before us, and we can find the choicest place that will fit our own personality and put up our house right there. The reign of tooth and claw has created an atmosphere of constant fear in the animal kingdom. The very issues which cause the greatest grief now will not even exist in the minds of the saints. Parents, have you ever heard squealing automobile brakes which made you freeze in your tracks?
Every square inch of this reconstituted planet will scintillate with the rarest beauty and appeal. I cana€™t quite understand the man who tries to explain it, but I would like to sit down with Noah and talk to him; wouldna€™t you? I have tried to imagine what that father felt as he toiled up the side of the mountain, knowing that with his own hand he had to kill his beloved son. Some of my friends went up into the vale of Kashmir, over the great passes of the Himalaya Mountains. Ia€™m an American.a€? The ambassador said, a€?Ia€™m sorry, but I cana€™t do a thing for you. And you can make reservations if you want to, but you must be a citizen of that heavenly kingdom before you can do it. Have The Jellin Girls Introduce You To Other Great People In New York City's Top Night Clubs.
Also of prime importance was the presence of deep fresh water aquifers near the southern tip, especially the Collect Pond[?]. But countless others failed to rise, or entire generations were forced to plough themselves under for their children or grandchildren to rise. Presumably he referred to both the novelty of its delineation and the profuse depictions of people and animals that violated the customary Islamic prohibition against portraying living objects in artworks. The de Caveri map was drawn between 1502 and 1504, long before the eastern coast of South America had been explored. This unusual chart with its complicated and fascinating history includes the only surviving delineation by Columbus of his discoveries. Another reason for this may easily be the inadequacy of the Arabic script then in use, for expressing Turkish words. Eight years later, when he had finished the preface to the book he affirms that, further south it is not land but sea, which shows that he was following later discoveries with careful attention.
The fact that this name is in a recognizable form of Italian, as opposed to Portuguese, is evidence, as Kahle pointed out, of its Columbian origin.
Probably because Columbus was convinced, on his first voyage at least, that he had found the fabled Cipangu, and he may have drawn Hispaniola in this shape to support his claim.
There is, however, another island to the west of Trinidad, again with a picture of a parrot near which is written San Juan Batichdo. From about twenty charts and Mappae Mundi, these are charts drawn in the days of Alexander, Lord of the Two Horns, which show the inhabited quarter of the world; the Arabs name these charts Jaferiyea€”from eight Jaferiyes of that kind and one Arabic map of Hind, and from the maps just drawn by four Portuguese which show the countries of Hind, Sind and China geometrically drawn, and also from a map drawn by Colombo in the western region I have extracted it. The Portuguese do not cross to that side but the Hind side and the southern side belongs to the Portuguese. From the notes beside them we gather that the distance between the divisions stand for 50 miles, and that between two dots for 10 miles. Beside the measurements there is a note indicating the mileage, where he says that the distance between two sections is 50 miles and between two dots 10 miles. Brendan, the legendary Irish monk who in the sixth century supposedly discovered an island in the North Atlantic called the a€?Promised Land of the Saints.a€? Long sought by sailors, St. He gave four tremendous gifts to our first parentsa€”life, a righteous character, a beautiful home, and dominion over the earth.
The entrance of sin and the story of the fall of man is graphically told in Genesis 1, 2, and 3. God will finally carry out His great original purpose as it was revealed in the Garden of Eden. Listen, if a man should neglect to take the opportunity to live there, he will commit the most colossal blunder of his life! The righteous will not sit on clouds out there in space, playing harps and singing hallelujah choruses all during eternity. Someday that gleaming white city will descend right down to the earth and settle here as the eternal home of the righteous. In fact, in Isaiah 65 we are told that the redeemed will plant vineyards and eat the fruit of them; we are going to build houses, and live in them. It is unthinkable that I would never have the assurance that even one of those souls actually held faithful to the end and received the crown of life. As soon as we see it, there will be a responsive chord in our heart and we will think, a€?My, thata€™s just what Ia€™ve always wanted. I close my eyes sometimes and try to think of a place that would please me, and I can think of a lot of them that would make me happy.
Birds seem never relaxed as their heads dart from side-to-side, watching for potential attackers. Right in the middle of the street I saw a little girl who had been hit and killed by a car.
Then you ran to the window with your heart in your mouth to see whether your child was in the street?
Someday I want to ask Abraham about that awful experience, and he will explain just what it meant when he was about to take his own sona€™s life. Can you picture an entire city, much less a planet, in which no foul smell of stale cigarette smoke will ever be known?
To see the nail prints in His hands, and to open our minds to His own divine instruction in the science of salvation.
If you are not a citizen, I cana€™t help you.a€? The man went away sick with disappointment. Holiday Party, Office Party, Christmas Party, Divorce Party, Cast Party, Many Types Of Events And N.Y. In the mid-1800s these antipodes could be found in the fabulously rich stretches of lower Broadway (wealth that would later take up residence on Fifth Avenue[?]) and the almost unbelievably squalid enclave of Five Points (abject poverty later to take up residence in the Lower East Side[?]). The map was not only unusual in Turkey, but few people in any country, including Spain and Portugal, had access to a chart of the world incorporating the new discoveries. As there is a striking similarity between this map and the Piri Reis map, it is therefore possible that one of Piri Reisa€™ source maps was based on that of de Caveri. And yet, from the point of view of the historical importance of these geographic discoveries, this map is particularly significant for Central America. Drawing various islands on the South American coast opposite Trinidad shows the influence of Columbus, who believed this newly discovered continent to be a group of islands. So confident was Columbus in this that while he was near the coast of Cuba in 1494 he had his conviction recorded by the notary public on the boat, Fernand Perez de Luna, and asked all the crew to sign it, as we can now see from the document signed on the 12th June, 1494, which declares that, since it is quite evident that this is a continent, thereafter whoever attempts to contradict this statement shall be fined to 10.00 Maravedis pieces and also his tongue shall be cut out. It was not widely recognized fifty years ago that Columbus died in the belief that he had discovered Japan. Its vapor is full of darkness.a€? The above-mentioned Colombo saw that no help was forthcoming from the Genoese, he sped forth, went to the Bay of Spain [king], and told his tale in detail. Before this it was thought that the sea had no end or limit, that at its other end was darkness.
Among the legible words are San Cilormi, Monte Krago, Detonos, Die Sagram, Ponte Sogon, Didas and Sare. Brendana€™s island was widely believed to exist in Columbusa€™ time and appeared in some form and location on most early European maps.A According to Piri Reis himself, the map was based upon eight Ptolemy maps, an Arabic map of India, four new Portuguese sea maps of Sind, Hind and China, and the map of America drawn by Columbus.
But listen, there is a place now in preparation that will exceed all the extravagant words I have used in describing it. They could have possessed those gifts forever by simply choosing to obey God in the matter of the one forbidden tree. But the last three chapters of the Bible picture the exact opposite by telling of the restoration of all things. We will undoubtedly meet people there who were won to Christ by those we won, and we will be able to see the endless cycle of influence as it vibrated from heart to heart and life to life. John, Bob, Tim, Betty, and Dana are faithfully recorded as being worthy of eternal life through faith in Jesus. I like that, because the Lord is a builder who knows just exactly what I would like the most. Thata€™s the kind of mansion Ia€™d like to have!a€? And Jesus will interrupt our thoughts and say, a€?This is yours.
And the suckling child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the cockatrice den. I have never been able to blot out of my mind the scene of that little girl lying all crumpled up. I believe the entire, final curse of sin will be taken away as we grow up into the image of God, as it was reflected in Adam and Eve. We will be able to ask him about it and find out just how he did get all those animals in, and how they stayed for over a year.
I am now convinced that there can be no real relief from these corrupting influences until I take up residence in that clean city of New Jerusalem. When that day comes, you can join with Goda€™s people of all the ages and dwell in this beautiful city under the ideal conditions which we have described. Undoubtedly the reason why Piri Reis, too, shows it as a continent was not because he was afraid for his tongue, but because he would not question the veracity of a piece of information given by such an authority as Columbus, who had been to those parts of the world several times. My map is as correct and dependable for the seven seas as are the charts that represent the seas of our countriesa€?.
Nor was it known in the 1930s that other maritime explorers from Europe had sailed the Atlantic centuries before Columbus.
So that the present map is as correct and reliable for the Seven Seas as the map of these our countries is considered correct and reliable by seamen. After being driven by a storm in a southern direction they saw a shore opposite them they advanced towards it [illegible].
Now they have seen that this sea is girded by a coast, because it is like a lake, they have called it Ovo Sano.
It is quite possible that Piri meant by that Balboa who crossed Central America and reached the Pacific Ocean in 1513.
Most scientists deny its existence, because they dona€™t believe there is a God who lives in a place called heaven.
Through obedience to His will, God intended to make the human family ideally and eternally happy. He will make it sinless and perfect again, and His people will live here in the beauty of Eden restored.
If I understand the English language at all, this means that we will know one another better when we get up there than we do here.
No doubt we will weep when the discovery is made that they are missing, but then God shall wipe all tears from their eyes.
We will be able to visit the billions of exciting planets, solar systems, and galaxies that were never spoiled by the touch of sin. Cuba is shown as a continent also in the map of Columbus dated 1498, which formed the basis for Piri Reis later on; in the rough sketch drawn by Christopher Columbusa€™ brother, Bartholomew, in 1503 (#304), in the map of the world made by Ruysch in 1508 (#313), and even in the marine map by WaldeesmA?ller in 1507 (#310). The wicked today have more of the earth than the righteous, and I suppose the finance companies have more than both groups together.
You may find a person now and then who will tell you plainly that he doesna€™t care to go to heaven, but that is only because he has a misconception about it.
And even when they play alongside the river of life, you are not going to be worried about them at all. Defiling the body, defiling the air, and defiling the street will be unknown in Goda€™s royal capital city.
To the south of Greenland two large pieces of land are shown; the one in the north is called Baccalao. You can go into the bass section one day and learn to sing bass, and then you can go into the tenor section and sing tenor. Daniel started praying one day, and before he ended his prayer an angel had come all the way from heaven to his side. The Best Singles events in New York City Now internet Audio Personals Help Make Connections 24 hrs A Day! The above-mentioned slave said to Kemal Reis, he had been three times to that land with Colombo.
This sequence of events in the life of our Lord answers many questions concerning our own nature in the hereafter. As he drew nearer to the shining walls in his vision, John saw that the foundation of the city was composed of 12 precious stones, all of different colors.
The angel said, a€?Daniel, when you began to pray, God sent me from His throne, and now Ia€™m here in answer to your prayer.a€? We will be able to travel like that.
He said: a€?First we reached the Strait of Gibraltar, then from there straight south and west between the two .
In another note further down near Terra Nova he says that though these coasts were discovered by the Portuguese, all is not known as yet, and only the parts that have been discovered are shown on the map.
We can go out to visit the great, expansive universe of God and understand things that no human mind has been able to comprehend before. No one will say, a€?I am sick.a€? No one will feel the desperation of seeing loved ones suffer and then slip over the brink into death.
Further south still one can see the peninsula of Florida drawn very much as we know it today. All the apostles will be honored throughout eternity by having their simple Galilean names etched into the massive support stones of the New Jerusalem. Having advanced straight four thousand miles, we saw an island facing us, but gradually the waves of the sea became foamless, that is, the sea was becalmed and the North Stara€”the seamen on their compasses still say stara€”little by little was veiled and became invisible, and he also said that the stars in that region are not arranged as here.
They anchored at the island which they had seen earlier across the way, the population of the island came, shot arrows at them and did not allow them to land and ask for information.
Seeing that they could not land on that island; they crossed to the other side of the island, they saw a boat. It happened that these people were of that nation which went from island to island hunting men and eating them. They said Colombo saw yet another island, they neared it, they saw that on that island there were great snakes.
The people of this island saw that no harm came to them from this boat, they caught fish and brought it to them in their small ship's boat [filika]. It appears that he [Colombo] had reada€”in the book that in that region glass beads were valued. And also loading their ship with many logwood trees and taking two natives along, they carried them within that year to the Bey of Spain. But the said Colombo, not knowing the language of these people, they traded by signs, and after this trip the Bey of Spain sent priests and barley, taught the natives how to sow and reap and converted them to his own religion.
The names which mark the places on the said islands and coasts were given by Colombo, that these places may be known by them.
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