Do the arm workout 1-to-2 days a week taking 1-to-2 days off between workouts if doing this workout 2 days a week. Hello Adrian,I used to refuse to take full length pics last year, but now am super confident!
Butt workout and told me I only needed ONE exercise per workout ONLY 1-to-2 times per week and to expect a change in my butt every 2-to-4 weeks. My jeans fit so great and I love looking in the mirror at my back view.I have used your program because it helped me win pageants and advanced in my modeling career. What really helped was your advice on protein intake & I also lost a total of 45pounds. NevreinSo it will take 3-5 months to lose 55lbs or more than this??so for other 20 pounds I have to push my self harder than that in 3 months?? Adrian BryantYou can certainly lose 30-to-40 pounds in 3 months but once you hit under 125 pounds it's going to take a little longer meaning it may take 3-4+ weeks to lose the last 15 or so pounds instead of you quickly losing 15-to-20 pounds every 2-to-4 weeks or less like when you first started. I wanted to find out are there any exercises that I can do for that perfect hourglass figure?
TeenAm I able to still build muscle if I only eat weight loss foods (fruits, vegetables, etc) and about 100 grams of protein?
TeenSince i only have a little bit of belly fat i want to lose but i still need to consume calories to grow muscles for a bigger butt and arms, i plan to try to consume at least 1200.
So I'm posing a question to The Laundress, a glamorous detergent company I've been using for the past year. There are also some really great parties happening throughout the weekend too that attendies are privy to. Spring is always that time where we clean out and clear away the dust and clutter in our lives.
I've been covering technology in fitness, fashion and health over the last 5 months and I really hope you enjoy these trend reports. Like I say in the video, we're picking 3 winners per prize category, so you have an excellent chance of winning. In all aspects of life, I'm drawn to women who take a stand on issues, don't care about being labeled a freak and just come out and say whatever it is they feel needs to be said. Even when I'm home alone and hungry, I can cook a HelloFresh meal and save the 2nd portion for my lunch or dinner the next day. The concept of the beautifully captured campaign was that an exciting adventure could be as close as your backyard.
Every trainer I got was just going through the motions, fully knowing I'd disappear on him or her once my free sessions were up. The day I went to film at KryoLife, owned and operated by Joanna Fryben,  I was actually feeling significant shoulder pain. Cryotherapy is hailed as a cure-all and people are using it to get rid of all kinds of things like acne, cellulite, unwanted weight, inflammation, depression, libido problems, and body injuries. To be perfectly honest, the TomTom Spark Cardio + Music frustrated me at first because therea€™s a bit of set up involved.
I refer to my life as a juggling act because there are so many facets of what I do that need to be in constant motion.
In fact, I have more than a few waist trainers that I've been using for over a year since becoming curious about the waist training trend. As a Latina (my mother is Honduran), I'm feeling the need to spice up Thanksgiving with some Latin peppers. What follows are my favorite photographs from the day I conquered my fears with the Special Olympics of Missouri. You might think that living in downtown Manhattan, I already see it all when it comes to high style. If you haven't been to any of Serene Social's wellness events yet, you're missing out and should definitely go to the one happening tomorrow in NYC at the launch of New York's Fashion Week. I will be there and looking forward to some heart opening rooftop yoga atop the James Hotel in Soho. So here's my Flat Stanley Skincare Secret: I seek out skincare that's packaged flat and in single servings. One of the best parts of going on a road trip adventure is everything that you see along your drive. This trip will take us to some pretty amazing places where nature makes you feel empowered and free. Barre classes first came about in a big way in the 1950's on account of ballerina Lotte Berk. Barre fitness is all about using small movements to work trouble spots and tone every inch of your body by working multiple muscles in unison.
It beats being ohm-ing indoors, especially with the cool breeze off the harbor blowing through your hair.
Earlier this summer, I spent one of the most amazing and healthiest travel weekends of my life at the Four Seasons Baltimore. I first saw a pair of Vira Suns on my yoga-instructor-friend, Lauren Imparato, during a yoga class in the middle of Times Square. What sets this year's event apart from the last few, aside from the bearably cooler weather, was yoga-preneur Lauren Imparato leading the highly publicized morning class. After years of dealing with this issue called a€?sleevage,a€? Ia€™ve concluded that most bras Ia€™ve worn are actually the real culprits.
Before you give a listen though, I want to share my thoughts on what Katya Meyers is doing.
I got in touch with the designer, Geneva Peschka from SunandDaughtersCo on Etsy, to find out more about the inspiration behind the shirt.
Geneva bravely decided to act on the lessons she learned through these books and noticed her life change drastically for the better. The new Lotus Print collection by adidas Originals is urban, striking and feminine in a cool, unapologetic way.
If you're a Zumba fanatic, you should know that the cruise doesn't set sail for another 7 months from Fort Lauderdale, Florida but at least you have some time to plan, right?
And just in case you stop dancing to see where the hell you're going, the cruise will be sailing to Falmouth, Jamaica with a stop in Labadee, Haiti for a private live concert featuring the hottest Caribbean artists. While the entire Team SCA crew was not on board, 2 of its sailors were there to answer all my questions.
Their sail, while impressive in it's own right, represents something far greater for women. From your clothes to accessories and gadgets, don't take a risk by wearing it for the first time on race day! FOR an exclusive womena€™s fitness class combining Surfset Fitness (the NEW surf-fitness trend) and Real Ryder Spinning (35 minutes of each).
I picked out some rather loud styles for our shoot but once I got comfortable in them, I had no qualms wearing them "off-set".
Short girls are always getting brainwashed into thinking we can't pull off more eccentric looks or fashion trends that taller girls can get away with. Leave a comment below telling me which fitness myth gets under your skin and why it's soooo untrue. If there's something you should know about me it's that I avoid tourist traps at all costs! For the sake of being accurate, let's call these dangerous deodorants what they really are, which is antiperspirants.
It's totally blowing my mind but at the same time I keep asking myself: why should this feel surreal? I typically only share my press features on my press page, but today I'm expecially THANKFUL because this issue of People Style Watch marks the 12th time I've been quoted in their magazine.
One of the most classic New Year's resolutions is to start going to the gym more, which is exactly why gyms start hiking up their enrollment fees around this time.
I was there to buy an assortment of chocolates for my Aunt as a combined birthday and Valentine's Day gift. We all know that a diet rich in fresh fruit and vegetables is ideal for good health.  However, it is not always easy to store fruit and vegetables correctly to prolong their life and keep them fresh for the maximum time.
Remember that the time that fresh fruit lasts will vary a lot with the climate, in some areas, fruits that are normally stored at room temperature may need to be stored in the fridge due to high temperatures and vice versa.
Beware of tricks used by supermarkets to make produce look fresher.  Fruit and vegetables are often sprayed with a fine mist of water to appear ‘dewy’ and fresh, and whilst market vegetables may be imperfect to look at, chances are they are actually fresher. Different fruits require different storage techniques to keep them fresh for the longest time possible.  Fruit should be kept unwashed and gently rinsed in cold water before eating, unless they are very dirty, in which case they should be washed carefully and completely dried before storage. In general fruits that are stored in the fridge should be covered in a plastic bag or wrapped in plastic to protect from contamination from other foods and avoid contact with oxygen.
Berries also freeze well, but should be places spread out on a tray to freeze initially, to prevent the berries freezing together.  Once they are frozen they can be stored together in a freezer bag. Grapes: These should be stored in a plastic bag unwashed in the refrigerator crisper and can last around five days. Apples: these can be stored in the refrigerator or in a cool dark place and can last up to four months under the right conditions.
Many of the fruits we buy are under ripe, and so require ripening before we can eat them.  This is best done at room temperature. Lemons and limes:  These can absorb flavours from the fridge and last a long time at room temperature anyway. Oranges: These should also be stored at room temperature, and will usually last up to two weeks when ambient temperature isn’t too high.
As with fruit, vegetables should be stored unwashed in plastic bags and then rinsed before eating. Corn:  For best results leave corn in husks and eat as soon as possible as even in the crisper, these will only last one to two days. We have all been in the situation when we have a large quantity of fruit or vegetables on our hands that is reaching the end of its days and if left longer will be inedible.  Rather than waste this food, there are numerous ways to use up produce if there is simply too much to eat before it goes off. Omelettes:  Any vegetable can be thrown into a omelette for a quick, nutritious lunch or dinner. Ice cream or frozen yogurt:  Ripe fruit is ideal in as an ingredient in a frozen dessert as they give more flavour and add nutritional value. Pickles:  Pickling vegetables is a great way to use up a surplus of stock and the finished product will last for ages. Soups:  Cook up a quick vegetables soup to use up an excess of stock, then freeze to eat as a quick healthy meal later. Frozen vegetables are great to have on hand for a quick nutritious meal and eliminate the worry of using up food that is going to go off. In this article we have gathered 5 exercises which they use your own body’s weight but they can still provide a fat burning and muscle building workout.
These exercises are not the only ‘best’ exercises you can do as there is a plethora of exercises which will deliver good results.
The exercises below are placed in an order in which they could be performed as a little circuit workout and alternate the muscle groups they target.
Push up or press ups as they may also be called, target the muscles on the chest, shoulders, arms, and back. Easier variations include push ups against the wall (if you are really unfit) or the keeping the legs bend (on fours).
Rear leg raises target the muscles at the back of the legs (hamstrings), and buttocks (gluteal).
The stick up exercise works the upper back, and shoulder muscles and also those muscles located in the shoulder blades (scapula).
There are variations in which you perform the exercise against the wall or lying on the floor.
Sticking to a weight loss regime can be a hard job especially if it involves losing the weight in long period of time. If you slipped out of your goals and had a bit more than you should don’t go back thinking that you have to make up for it.
Do you find yourself slipping up all the time and it is hard to stay on your weight loss goals? Go back to the beginning and think what makes you slip up, what is hard about it and why it doesn’t work.
One way to start in motivating yourself is by thinking how much you have achieved so far and concentrate on the positive.
If you have hit the dreaded plateau point and you are not sure how to get going again try being more physically active. It is time to stop being negative about yourself and start loving what you see in the mirror every day. Change that attitude towards to a more positive and loving way, your body is something precious and it does deserve the best you can give to it. It is all good and well to say you need to lose the weight but it won’t come off by talking. If you leave it to an abstract ‘I am going to start’ it may never happen or there may 100s of excuses why it should be tomorrow.
People often have a reason why they slip off their goals or why they find it hard to get back on.
There are ways to work around busy lifestyles when ‘dieting’, or opt for weight loss regimes which are flexible and suit your taste and lifestyle rather than strict weight loss plans, or little tricks you can do to cut down on the biscuits and sweets (see also how to control your desire for food).
The Pilates technique was introduced by Joseph Pilates as a form of exercise in America (1926) and ever since they have grown into popularity and are now accepted in their use. The supporters and developers of different Pilates techniques claim a number of benefits to their name from improving posture and balance to losing weight, and those who use them will vouch that miracles do happen. Although the different Pilates methods developed can vary in their technique, they are all based in the ‘classic’ technique created by Joseph Pilates. Research in Pilates in general tends to be of poor quality and has been a controversial subject.
There is very little research which has looked into Pilates in weight loss and is not of high quality. In theory it is a form of physical activity, and as with any kind of physical activity some energy expenditure and some fitness gains will be achieved. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to lose weight with pilates and generally what you need to have in mind when choosing Pilates for weight loss.
Pilates is not the appropriate exercise choice if you are looking to increase calorie expenditure radically or you need to achieve large improvements in aerobic and strength components.
For those who are in general inactive and do not exercise at all Pilates will provide a challenge to the muscles and could result in higher energy expenditure (in very simple terms calorie burning).
Regulations on Pilates certifications are not strict or very clear cut and a number of instructors may have just completed a weekend course which in some cases does not provide them with the appropriate skills. They could also help with reducing fat deposition in the abdominal and waist area (what some people can refer to as ‘love handles’) and the hips. This article will look into some basic metabolic principles and how does energy expenditure (calorie burning) work so as to understand better how to lose weight if you have a slow metabolism. In order to understand what ‘slow’ or ‘fast’ metabolism is and how it affects weight gain, we will first explain some basic metabolic principles. The rate in which the cells break food into energy (or simplified the rate in which we burn calories) is the metabolic rate. Each person’s metabolic rate depends on genetics, hereditary factors and amount of lean body mass (i.e. An important thing to understand here is that regulation of energy metabolism and body weight takes place by highly complex systems and is not as simple as ‘slow’ and ‘fast’ metabolism. A second step is to look into which factors can cause substantial changes in the metabolic regulation and affect the metabolic rate and what makes some people to burn calories slower or faster.
Some of the factors are summarised in table1 below; for the purposes of this article we will concentrate only at the aspects which can cause the metabolism to slow down.
Hypothyroidism: in simple words is when the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormones.
There are a number of different conditions and these can range in the way they affect metabolism and weight gain. This could include very low calorie diets, fasting for religious or other purposes, anorexia etc. During menopause a number of hormonal changes take place some of which influence metabolism.
You could try every trick on the book for metabolism or weight loss but if not appropriate you could actually be harming yourself and worsening a condition. Any form of physical activity will increase the rate in which we burn calories so you don’t necessarily have to join the gym, simple things such as going for a walk, taking the kids swimming, or cleaning the house can help. These are just guidelines and calorie intake does depend on individual factors such as levels of physical activity, age and body build. There are healthy ways of decreasing calories or increasing energy expenditure instead for losing weight without having to resolve into very low calorie diets. Although in cold weather we do burn more calories, chronic exposure to cold can actually lead into weakening of the immune system and being ill.
Answer: (b) Fried foods often add unwanted inches to the abdominal area as the majority of their calories come from saturated fat. Answer: (c) Cranberries are specifically helpful in flushing any impurities from the kidneys. Used in conjunction with resistance trainingor an anaerobic exercise such as weightlifting, you will indeed lose weight in the abdominal area. Answer: (a) Believe it or not, it’s been found that you can eat a small amount of dark chocolate without any adverse effects. If you do not have a personal goal and are unsure how much weight loss to aim for, there are ways to work it out.
Below we have summarised some of the methods, most commonly used to classify people according to their weight and body measurements. Regardless of how much weight you want to lose don’t aim in losing more than 1-1.5 kg per week. You may be on your ideal weight or even slightly underweight but you know that there is a bit of a tummy, or an annoying big bottom etc. You may need to lose 200 lbs in order to reach your ideal weight but you don’t particularly want to be America’s next top model. Firstly being obsessed may not be a good place to be, secondly all these numbers are guides and not a setting stone.
Here we have summarized the following, body mass index (BMI) measurement, waist-to-hip ratio and waist circumference.
For example, you may be within your ideal weight range but you may have a high waist circumference which could indicate a high risk to specific health conditions. Ideally you can have direct body composition measurements, such as bioelectrical impedance, which can determine the percentage of fat, lean mass, and water in the body. BMI is a simple way to classify individuals within ranges according to their weight and height.
Once you have calculated your current BMI then you can look on the table below to see at which category you are. Once you have calculated your WHR you can look at the table below to see if you are within a range which increases risk of developing health conditions. For example if you are on a normal range BMI but have a high WHR you could be looking at losing weight from your abdominal area (belly). The table below shows the classifications of waist circumference in relation to the health risk. I know that sometimes physician may tell you that you must lose weight for your health but often don’t tell you how or how much. In this article I am going to present 5 foods to avoid while dieting or at least reduce their consumption to a minimum in order to succeed in your weight lost and reach an optimum health. All the following foods can have some harmful effects, so try to avoid all of them and start eating healthier today. Many people who are committed to having a healthy life style have been convinced in believing that processed unfermented soy products are good for health.
Soy contains natural toxins (anti-nutrients) which interfere with enzymes needed for protein digestion.
Moreover, majority of soy on US market is genetically modified (GMO) (European soy should be “GMO  clean”, but there is no guarantee due to contamination through natural pollination). Scientific theories suggest that in nature foods would not normally contain large amounts of fructose.
One theory of how this happens suggests that fructose has a greater potential in turning into fat in the liver in comparison to glucose (ordinary sugar). Everybody needs some fat in their diet, however, the chemical structure of fat plays an important role in the way is processed in the body and the health implications it can have.
In brief it is suggested by studies that trans fats can cause more health problems than saturated fats. I think, these days, just about everybody is aware about the harmful effects of sugar in both the waistline and health. In addition, to the high calorific properties of sugar it can also increase health risks such as development of insulin resistance and diabetes.
In addition sugar can make insulin to rise in the body sharply and fall sharply which amongst others it can make you feel hungry, irritable, and tired. Moreover, you can replace the morning cereal with a protein based breakfast which can make you feel full for longer and can provide a better insulin response. If you are experiencing any issues or health complaints with any of the above mentioned is always recommended to consult a health professional before making any changes to your diet. Some of the contaminants studies refer to are concentrations of dioxins, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB),3 polybrominated diphenyl ethers, and some pesticides. Some studies have argued that the level of contaminants in farmed salmon depend on the region it has been raised. A solution to the issue could be to aim for either wild salmon or chose farmed salmon which could be less contaminated. In summary the 5 foods to avoid while dieting are: unfermented soy products, fructose, trans-fats, sugar and farmed salmon. We all know that a diet rich in fresh fruit and vegetables is ideal for good health.A  However, it is not always easy to store fruit and vegetables correctly to prolong their life and keep them fresh for the maximum time.
Beware of tricks used by supermarkets to make produce look fresher.A  Fruit and vegetables are often sprayed with a fine mist of water to appear a€?dewya€™ and fresh, and whilst market vegetables may be imperfect to look at, chances are they are actually fresher.
Different fruits require different storage techniques to keep them fresh for the longest time possible.A  Fruit should be kept unwashed and gently rinsed in cold water before eating, unless they are very dirty, in which case they should be washed carefully and completely dried before storage. Berries also freeze well, but should be places spread out on a tray to freeze initially, to prevent the berries freezing together.A  Once they are frozen they can be stored together in a freezer bag. Many of the fruits we buy are under ripe, and so require ripening before we can eat them.A  This is best done at room temperature. Lemons and limes:A  These can absorb flavours from the fridge and last a long time at room temperature anyway. Oranges: These should also be stored at room temperature, and will usually last up to two weeks when ambient temperature isna€™t too high.
Corn:A  For best results leave corn in husks and eat as soon as possible as even in the crisper, these will only last one to two days. We have all been in the situation when we have a large quantity of fruit or vegetables on our hands that is reaching the end of its days and if left longer will be inedible.A  Rather than waste this food, there are numerous ways to use up produce if there is simply too much to eat before it goes off.
Omelettes:A  Any vegetable can be thrown into a omelette for a quick, nutritious lunch or dinner. Ice cream or frozen yogurt:A  Ripe fruit is ideal in as an ingredient in a frozen dessert as they give more flavour and add nutritional value. Pickles:A  Pickling vegetables is a great way to use up a surplus of stock and the finished product will last for ages.
Soups:A  Cook up a quick vegetables soup to use up an excess of stock, then freeze to eat as a quick healthy meal later. In this article we have gathered 5 exercises which they use your own bodya€™s weight but they can still provide a fat burning and muscle building workout.
These exercises are not the only a€?besta€™ exercises you can do as there is a plethora of exercises which will deliver good results. If you slipped out of your goals and had a bit more than you should dona€™t go back thinking that you have to make up for it. Go back to the beginning and think what makes you slip up, what is hard about it and why it doesna€™t work. It is all good and well to say you need to lose the weight but it wona€™t come off by talking. If you leave it to an abstract a€?I am going to starta€™ it may never happen or there may 100s of excuses why it should be tomorrow.
There are ways to work around busy lifestyles when a€?dietinga€™, or opt for weight loss regimes which are flexible and suit your taste and lifestyle rather than strict weight loss plans, or little tricks you can do to cut down on the biscuits and sweets (see also how to control your desire for food). Although the different Pilates methods developed can vary in their technique, they are all based in the a€?classica€™ technique created by Joseph Pilates.
They could also help with reducing fat deposition in the abdominal and waist area (what some people can refer to as a€?love handlesa€™) and the hips. In order to understand what a€?slowa€™ or a€?fasta€™ metabolism is and how it affects weight gain, we will first explain some basic metabolic principles.
Each persona€™s metabolic rate depends on genetics, hereditary factors and amount of lean body mass (i.e.
An important thing to understand here is that regulation of energy metabolism and body weight takes place by highly complex systems and is not as simple as a€?slowa€™ and a€?fasta€™ metabolism. Any form of physical activity will increase the rate in which we burn calories so you dona€™t necessarily have to join the gym, simple things such as going for a walk, taking the kids swimming, or cleaning the house can help. Answer: (a) Believe it or not, ita€™s been found that you can eat a small amount of dark chocolate without any adverse effects. Regardless of how much weight you want to lose dona€™t aim in losing more than 1-1.5 kg per week.
You may need to lose 200 lbs in order to reach your ideal weight but you dona€™t particularly want to be Americaa€™s next top model. Here we haveA summarizedA the following, body mass index (BMI) measurement, waist-to-hip ratio and waist circumference. I know that sometimes physician may tell you that you must lose weight for your health but often dona€™t tell you how or how much. Moreover, majority of soy on US market is genetically modified (GMO) (European soy should be a€?GMOA  cleana€?, but there is no guarantee due to contamination through natural pollination). Not only that, it gives you energy to do physical activities, which in turn would make you healthier. The infographic above provides 30 effective ways to lose weight. Based on stylistic comparisons such as striations inside body contours and the presentation of horns in twisted perspective, several Paleolithic art experts, including the first curator of the Chauvet Cave, Jean Clottes, have accredited the Portuguese friezes to the early Solutrean of about 20,000 years ago3.
In Portugal, the government did the opposite a€“ plunging ahead with a project destined to destroy the nationa€™s oldest cultural heritage by completing a 300-million-dollar dam whose reservoir will flood a valley packed with dozens of art sites spread over at least 17 kilometers.
Yet construction continues - even on holidays - and the water is about to rise another hundred meters.
A male ibex with his head shown in two positions, as if he were turning to watch the female behind him. As we drove up to a sentry box perched on the lip of a road into the vast, unnatural gashing of mountains at Foz CA?a, it was hard to tell if the young guard blocking us in a crisp red and gray uniform represented a well-heeled security service or an elite military unit - but it was plain that bluff and sweet talk wouldn't get us far. The next time the car eased over the knuckles of a road crisscrossed by up-ended strata, past empty huts built just of stacked slabs, and jostled between overhanging and plunging cliffs until an avalanche of tailings from an old quarry almost blocked the path. Here was one of the places of grandeur where our ancestors had first grasped visions and then concretized them by hewing - and sometimes painting - images into rock panels.
As I pushed forward and the river grew shallower, turtles became so numerous that their stacks toppled like circus acts from the brinks of submerged cliffs.
As a draftsman, I could feel empathy for the beast flowing into the hands that had etched her. This first frieze stood at a fitting point, practically where the reservoir yielded to the original rapids and long pools of the virgin river. Far away across the moonscape of rutted ramps, knots of men stood before tunnels as fleets of dump trucks, made so tiny by distance that they only gave away their magnitude by over-sized wheels, eased to the brink of platforms, and added avalanches to tailings. Above us, the titanium-white cleanliness of the cement plant's towers stood in bold contrast to the devastation, like a phalanx of gigantic chess-rooks bunched for the kill.
According to press articles, the dam-builders had recognized him as the true discoverer of Portugal's first reported Paleolithic engravings, at nearby Mazouco, even though the doctoral student's mentor, Professor Vitor Oliviera Jorge, had stolen his thunder.7 They had given Rebanda a job as their obligatory salvage archaeologist when the new doctor somehow couldn't get a position on a faculty.
In return, all he'd had to do was wait till their concrete curtain had gone up and its reservoir had risen into a sea so voluminous and costly that its drainage would have been unthinkable. My goateed interlocutor smirked as he told me I could try looking for the doctor at the complex built for the previous dam, 15A kilometers downstream.
But I'd hit pay dirt: the fact that I might hear Rebanda's mea culpa was more than Ia€™d hoped for. Sebastian elected to wait outside and embarked on Jules Verne's Journey to the Center of the Earth as I knocked at the locked door. Still, I complimented her on her English, sympathized with them for having to put up with this hierarchical bother, and kept spinning innocuous questions, while she kept waiting for me to go. When Rebanda's secretary came out again, to see if she could get either me a€“ or her boss - to give up as the wait grew embarrassingly long, I asked her what the round silos with tipped roofs on the hills had been used for. But the next time, after they had gotten used to my rounds, I stepped inside and admired a sequence of two eight-foot-tall maps full of pins. Something was wrong: in addition to the constellations of pins extending for 17 kilometers upstream from the construction site, there were dozens downstream, along the reservoir behind the dam just outside!
Finally, so many hours had passed, and she'd informed the doctor so many times that I was still hanging around, that I was forced by the sheer need for new scenery to vary my route, and drifted through empty rooms.
The only thing the reports agreed on was that Rebanda had somehow discovered the flooded portion of Canada do Inferno by the previous autumn22 a€“ asking the EDP to lower the Pocinho reservoir by just 3 meters in November 1994 so he could study the engravings.23 a€?They told me it was too expensive,a€? Rebanda had told the New York Times.
So who had shot these photographs, which looked like they had been taken when the sites were dry vegetated hillsides instead of among the muck and bare banks below a fallen waterline?
I realized that the photos of the dry sites might have been taken before the Pocinho Dam, which had flooded them, had even been completed a€“ over 12 years before! UNESCO had suggested Clottes, who, in an uncanny convergence of good and bad karma, was taken on a whirlwind tour of the tip of the iceberg at Canada do Inferno, then immediately whisked to a press conference in Vila Nova do Foz CA?a on Dec 16th, 199428 a€“ just two days before the discovery of the Chauvet Cave that catapulted him, as its first interpreter and protector, from the summit of the French archaeological establishment to world fame.
But Clottesa€™ judgement was mixed, confirming that the art could be dated on stylistic grounds to the early Solutrean or even late Gravettian of twenty to twenty-four thousand years ago while suggesting that flooding the valley might be the best way of protecting it, since Portugal was ill-equipped to protect such widely dispersed panels from vandals!29 a€?There is no easy solution,a€? he told a reporter. What the press forgot to emphasize with quite as much fervor was the fact that Clottes had prefaced his Solomonic verdict by saying, a€?Whatever happens, the engravings must be preserved and not be damaged.a€? Clottes might have felt that he could safely pass the buck because no art conservationist could honestly guarantee the engravingsa€™ fate once they were subjected to currents carrying abrasives, burial under the petrifying alluvia that accumulates behind dams,33 and the worlda€™s most destructive solvent a€“ water, which would dissolve pigments and destabilize rock that had proven its resistance to aerial conditions over tens of millennia. While chatting up the gaunt fellow traveller at the construction site, Ia€™d pretended to make small talk by asking engineering questions, including one about the depth of the sediment that had accumulated behind the Pocinho dam. The irony of it was that Clottesa€™ efforts to be honest without irritating his hosts had been the spark that the French diplomats had dreaded. Despite the fact that the great prehistoriana€™s reputation would remain largely intact, and with good reason, in much of the rest of the world,34 the Portuguese intelligentsia began to shun him.
A€ propos of CA?a, two Portuguese rock art researchers, who couldna€™t stomach Clottes after his press conference, ironically echoed him by telling me, confidentially, that flooding the engravings could still be a blessing since it would save them from graffiti and those boogeymen of archaeologistsa€™ dreams, prowling collectors. My guess is that he was so beleaguered by advisers that he was just trying to get out of an awkward situation as quickly, judiciously and diplomatically as possible.
I mentioned to Rebanda that I had just attended the lecture on Chauvet, that I even had a videotape of it right there in my camera.
So it's true, I thought, drowning the site was Rebanda's solution to the problem of ownership of photographic rights. But then, what about Rebanda's self-serving talk of photo credits, not to mention the engravings already submerged by the dam at the doorstep a€“ and his belief that the engravings were doomed to be flooded?
Strangely enough, I could again see it being both ways, since the roots of tragedy are self-deception and entwined motives. He must have realized that I was rooting for him to pull himself out of his tailspin, because suddenly he decided.
Upon leaving, Sebastian asked to check out the Pocinho dam, so I drove round an interchange into an empty parking lot with planters.
As the sun slanted over the plateau into the wilderness of the CA?a valley, I decided to sneak into a side-valley to the north of our campsite that Rebanda's map had cluttered with pins. Then, after breaching a wall of rushes, we broke to the reservoir's edge - and were met by a horned skull stuck on a stake. Suddenly, I remembered what Rebanda had said about the engravings' association with witchcraft.
Being obstinate (or perhaps because of the prehistoric setting), I started whittling stone, knapping a microlithic surgeon's kit, and then bent single-mindedly to my task - failing till I was disgusted with myself and worried for my victim (which I had bizarrely associated with Rebanda). This time there were two guards behind an overhanging military fence crested by barbed wire. The guard who beckoned us in was rearing a guard-dog puppy, which scampered around, tumbling over ledges and using its chin to lever itself over steps.
Our guide was a decent young man who couldn't help feeling uneasy blocking access to these bold masterpieces at the source of all our arts. Still, these guards were actually tame as the locals poured down to catch a glimpse of the animals through the fence. After he'd hastened to take up his time-clock again, I wandered if there might not be even more testimonials of man's attraction to this classical Eden with its islets and fords in the flowery river, and browsed through a plowed orchard, along a contour which I judged would have been the valley floor half a million years ago. We knew the next dawn would be our last, so we broke camp in blue light to explore the teeming side-valley beyond the first auroch. Not Portugal's - OURS - because this art is so old, despite its elegance, that we share the blood and genius of those distant ancestors who awoke to the universe, whether our cavalcade of ancestors migrated around the Old World or came across the Bering Straits 14,000 years ago. Footnotes have been added to the internet version of the article to provide historical perspective and more detail about sources than the versions that were published & distributed in 1995. 1 The three discoverers of the Chauvet Cave were Eliette Brunel Deschamps, Christian Hillaire, and Jean-Marie Chauvet. 2 The IPPAR announced the existence of the valleya€™s engravings on November 19, 1994 but a video was made of them in 1993.
10 Bahn 1995 for a re-capitulation of the same accusations against the IPPAR & Rebanda.
33 Bednarik & Jaffe have been the most outspoken spokesmen about delusions concerning the protective qualities of reservoirs a€“ which not only inundate art panels with water but deep alluvial deposits that make their later recovery dangerous and impractical. 34 Interestingly, a few years after this appeal was written, Clottes came under fierce attack and even ridicule by many representatives of the French intelligentsia, including some of the countrya€™s most prominent prehistorians, after he and David Lewis-Williams published a€?The Shamans of Prehistory: Trance and magic in the painted cavesa€? in 1996. As soon as their results indicating that the art might be only 3,000 to 6,500 years old (if not even younger) were announced a€“ which actually made the engravings even more astonishing, potentially rewriting the history of rock art or even making Portugal the last bastion of the Paleolithic tradition a€“ the most important Portuguese right-wing weekly screamed that the direct-dating results proved that stylistic daters like Clottes had perpetrated a a€?FRAUDa€? (O Independente, 7 July 1995). It should also be noted that the individuals who participated in the debate were often somewhat unwittingly drawn into playing secondary or tertiary roles in a struggle between the Portuguese Ministry of Culture and Ministry of Industry.
40 In November 1995 - six months after this call-toa€“arms was published and circulated to Prehistoric Art Emergencya€™s volunteers (who Ia€™m glad to report included a young actor, Yann Montelle, who went on to earn a doctorate in prehistory) - a book edited by Jorge called a€?Dossier CA?aa€? appeared with 20 contributions by him or his wife.
44 After writing this article in May 1995, it occurred to me that I might have missed one of the main reasons for eliminating Rebanda from Portugala€™s archaeological milieu a€“ the fact that he was so effective at finding rock art that drew international attention, first to Mazouco, then to CA?a.
49 When I wrote the article, I assumed that the two young men were Rebandaa€™s subordinates and referred to them as a€?draftsmena€?.
50 After initially denigrating both the art and the idea of extracting it, the EDP later adopted the idea as one of its three strategies for overcoming opposition to the dam project.
I am just giving an estimate since I don't do calorie cunt for meals but I know I don't eat huge or heavy meals.
Which workout schedule and diet plan combination is the best to use if I wanted to lose all my excess weight and bring out my curves as fast as possible?
I am wondering if it is possible for me to lose 30-35 lbs in 6 weeks and then another 20 lbs in 2-3 months after that?
I hiked to secret beaches, jumped into the ocean off rocky cliffs, slid down mud trails, went stand up paddle boarding and pretty much lived in a bikini the entire time. I rinsed them out with cold water at the end of each day, but when I returned back home to NYC I realized how bad they smelled.
The Laundress was actually in my last #MIZ10 Quarterly Box and I trust them completely because they make the best eco-friendly laundry and fabric care.
Louis and you're a blogger or content creator who wants to spend a day learning how to market yourself and build a brand and audience, then come join us! It's called SPRING 'LEAN AND DECLUTTER YOUR FIT ROUTINE and it's set to be delivered around May 20th. I recently cleaned out my clothes and shoe closet and ended up throwing a bunch of stuff away and donating the rest. I'll admit, I didn't start until the last year or two when I realized I was accumulating too much stuff. The reason I find them so relevant is because by 2020, wearable technology alone with generate over 20 billion dollars in revenue. Last night I made HelloFresh's Carmelized Onion Burger but instead of fries, the recipe included a roasted cauliflower side. It was supposed to wet your appetite for personal training and help you ease into your new gym-life. People are investing more of their paycheck in health & wellness, and seem to be more committed to their workouts than ever.
But if you want the benefits of the treatment, it's worth enduring the very looooong 3 minutes.
So I was genuinely hoping to reap the benefits of whole body cryo and report back to you on how quickly it worked.
Most of the ones Ia€™ve purchased or have been sent to review bite the dust in my gadget drawer at Mizzfit Headquarters. I have what seems like a billion projects going on at once, and if I ignore one of thema€”well, you know what happensa€”the balls, the chainsaws and flaming sticks come toppling down on you and scatter. Like many of you, I saw Kim Kardashian's selfie that she took in her trainer and wondered what's this? One of my recipes is an appetizer and the other is a side dish to accompany your turkey dinner. Look for them in the canned and jar food aisle where you'd find things like stewed tomatoes, pasta sauces, etc. I'm pretty sure it was a combination of the perm's harsh chemicals (it was the early 90's afterall) and my onset of puberty. There's an amazing event called Over The Edge that happens nationwide through the Special Olympics, and I decided to do it in St. In addition to raising awareness for this extraordinary event, I raised money to support it. To some extent that's true because of the amazing and innovative fashion sense people have here.
Serene Social has teamed up with Lululemon and Suja for this gathering to kick off the calamity of fashion energy that's about to overtake the city. By the time his photographs started getting noticed through social media, it was already a passion project. I've talked a lot about Haute Athletics this summer and love that they carry stuff you won't find elsewhere.


Since there are women rockin' this style and attitude in their everyday clothing, clearly there should be activewear that expresses the same vibe!
Her prodigees went on to turn barre fitness into a successful business of popular, packed classes.
Quite honestly, I felt like I was hiding out, as if I had taken off for an exotic and faraway retreat. But the real highlight was scoring my room at the Four Seasons for their celebration of Global Wellness Day, which was served up as a full week of fit & healthy activities. Men don't like to be kept in the dark, because they know whatever you give them they'll have to top when it's time to shop for you. I knew this year for Father's Day I was going to give my dad a travel bag that would help him do this.
Here's the link again on Lucy's Blog :)]]>On June 21st, Athleta was the headlining sponsor of Solstice in Times Square put on by Times Square Alliance for it's 13th year.
When Katya first reached out to me and shared a bit of her life with me, I was really impressed with her background and how she left a traditional career path to pursue an endeavor her heart was stuck on (racing). She told me that over the last few years she's been doing a lot of self work and stumbled across Spirit Junkie by Gabrielle Bernstein. During my little photoshoot in NYC's Meatpacking District, locals and tourists alike kept pointing out my gear to their group. She works out with me, attends my events and has modeled for print ads (like the one above which actually never ran) and in magazines with me. After writing about Team SCA and their amazing adventure racing around the world, I was invited on a press trip to sail with them. Just to clarify, the Volvo Ocean Race is ongoing and was in full effect while I was on this press trip, but a few crew members at a time are allowed to come off the boat for a leg of the race and rest up. As I write this, there are some incredibly athletic and brave women sailing around the world as part of Team SCA. It stops in nine countries around the world before finishing in Gothenburg, Sweden this June of 2015. Test everything you plan on wearing for the official half marathon race day during your last few training runs. Now that crazy party church is home to David Barton Gym and LimeLight shops where health and fashion are king and "queen" (it's in Chelsea, so I had to). And if anyone has ever told you that knee highs only look good on girls with skinny legs, well, that's just NOT TRUE. Personally, I just think it's a matter of choosing a pattern, color or length that best suit your legs. I like to uncover the healthiest and most active things going on in the places I travel to, and I always prefer to go off the beaten path. As I get older, I find I need to do more to preserve the firmness, the lift and glow factor of my skin. I'm feeling really grateful for 2.5 years of working with them to report on the hottest fitness trends happening nation-wide.
To be honest, I have more health goals than I can count on 5 sets of hands, so I'll keep it short and sweet. Since she's a fashion designer, I knew she'd love chocolates from the most stylish and talked about chocolatier in town (the owners used to work at Per Se). A lot of people would be happy to know a handful of exercises which they can do at home and still have the fat burning benefits. I don’t believe in absolute statements such as ‘the very best of exercises’ or ‘the only exercises’.
You can use these in combination to another workout or pick the ones you like and use them with others you may have in your list.
When you are exercising your body will use calories (energy) to fuel the exercise, no matter what exercise it is. In very simple terms, the exercise must place some considerable challenge in your body and muscles in order to ‘build muscle’. The more muscle mass you have the more calories and fat you will burn even when you’re resting.
You can buy ‘special’ skipping ropes but in my opinion any rope which is suitable for your height is fine.
Perform for 3 min at the start of your workout to get your muscles and cardiopulmonary systems going, and then for another 5 min at the end. There are a number of variations in performance and when performed on the floor with straight legs then they also work leg tummy and buttocks as stabilisers.
Extended legs and toes tacked in to the floor (raise on to your toes), keep your back straight. A good exercise which can offer some relief from upper back stiffness especially if cause from sitting in a desk for a long time. The first few weeks it is easy to keep motivated especially if you can see the pounds falling off. It is unlikely that one day’s overeating will tip the scales, but if you give up now it will be even harder to start again. Your body keeps adjusting to losing weight and it can slow down in the speed it loses weight. Following a specific diet for a couple of weeks can be easy, but following the same all diet for months can be like a prison sentence and no surprise people want to just escape from it.
I have already mentioned above about re-evaluating your regime and whether it works for you.
Plateaus and slowdown can generate a lot of frustration and you can easily give up on your goals. Maybe you have a few or a lot of extra pounds and it could be that you are fed up with the way you look. Losing the extra weight is not about punishing yourself for all the takeaways and binges of the last years but more like looking after ‘you’.
Having someone to do it together can provide the drive and the motivation to start again and stick to a weight loss regime. This reason can be different for each one and could range from not being able to resist a chocolate to I haven’t got time to cook.
If you want to follow a relatively low calorie diet, and lose a lot of weight fast, but without giving up sweets or chips it may not be possible. In its essence the ‘Pilates method’ is a series of exercises which use the body’s own weight and resistance. The little research that has been carried out does suggest that Pilates exercises can help to lower the Body Mass Index (BMI)and achieve weight loss.
Pilates exercises, especially those for beginners, are a more ‘gentle’ form of exercise and will not result in burning huge amounts of calories.
The apparatus provide resistance, and increase the difficulty of the exercise and in result the effort made to carry out the exercise. If any exercise is not performed properly and to the appropriate difficulty level, it can lead to back injuries, muscle strains, joint and ligament injuries etc.
If a muscle becomes more conditioned and works more efficiently it will in return burn fat more efficiently. Results of Pilates on weight loss may be more prominent in terms of losing ‘inces’ in and around the areas conditioned (see previous point) rather than in kilos lost. It could be more suitable for people who to start off can’t sustain heavy or intense exercise or prefer classes rather than gym sessions.
For more radical results in achieving weight loss is best combined with other forms of exercise and physical activity. As with every exercise, for muscular effects to take place it can take approximately 4 weeks. Muscles need an appropriate amount of challenge for fitness gains, and a good fitness professional should be able to provide you with the correct level, program and routine for your individual needs. Firstly metabolism is the combination of processes that take place in the body in order to function and maintain life.
Some of these can affect directly the metabolic rate and others can affect hormones or organs which are involved in metabolic regulation and result in dysfunctional metabolism.
One of the effects of hypothyroidism is decreased metabolic rate, and changes in the metabolic regulation.
It affects production of some hormones which are involved in metabolic and appetite regulation. Menopause has been associated with low energy expenditure at rest and exercise and increase in central fat deposit and fasting insulin levels. Some scientist will argue that the decrease in the metabolic rate starts as early as 25 years of age. Increase your muscle mass: Probably one of the most important ways of increasing the metabolic rate. Avoid very low calorie diets: As mentioned above very low calorie diets can decrease the metabolic rate (see table 1). For a sedentary person who consumes 3000 calories a day is safe to aim reducing the calories within the recommended ranges. Do not skip meals: Delaying having breakfast will actually help in burning more fat as fuel.
In other words avoid loads of small meals and snacks (healthy or not) but aim to have all the meals in a day (i.e.
Increase protein intake: Some studies have shown that protein does help in increasing the metabolic rate. Caffeine: Caffeine is considered to increase the metabolic rate and the use of fat as fuel. Sleep well: As mentioned earlier sleep deprivation can affect the body’s metabolic processes. Cold: Cold does increase metabolic rate as the body works harder in order to sustain its body temperature. So torturing yourselves with a T-shirt in the snow or with iced baths is definitely not recommended. Take the following multiple choice quiz and see if you know all there is to know about how to shrink you waistline and keep the inches off. This type of fat is made from animal products and is also known to raise the level of cholesterol in the bloodstream. Low-fat dairy foods, such as yogurt or skim milk are actually helpful in getting rid of belly fat as they release fat from fat cells in the abdominals and therefore reduce the amount of fat that is absorbed.
Hot peppers of any kind contain capsaicin which increases the capacity for the body to burn calories by as much as five to ten percent. Combined, all of the above approaches work as they speed up the body’s ability to burn calories and therefore reduce belly fat.
Therefore, by simply doubling your fiber intake, how much weight, on average, can you lose in a year?
It’s been shown that if you simply alter your eating habits and include foods that contain more fiber, you will also see a lower number on the bathroom scale.
Although crunches are good for toning and strengthening the abdominal area, they will not necessarily reduce the fat.
That’s because resistance training causes you to keep burning calories even after you’ve completed your session of exercise.
All of the foods listed are rich in fiber and can help you lose weight if consumed in conservative portions. These methods can help you determine if you are overweight, obese or even within a healthy weight range.
Have the weight you feel comfortable with and happy with even if slightly over the line, as long as this does not affect your health. Don’t get obsessed with numbers such as your weight, your body mass index (see below), calories etc. As mentioned earlier in the case where you need to lose abdominal fat, a healthy balance dietmay be most adequate. Even 2 people who appear to have the same height do not necessarily mean that they would have the same weight.
Once you have an idea of your body measurements you can start planning on what you need to concentrate on. This brings us to the point of don’t just look at finding an exact weight goal from day one.
It takes about 2 weeks for your body to make long term changes and adapt (this can vary depending on each individual). If your weight loss is for mainly health reasons then it is also advisable to consult an appropriate medical professional.
In that matter it is always recommended to advise a medical professional before taking any exercise or diet regime, especially if you there are pre-existing health complaints. I am sure you are familiar with several foods which are detrimental for your health and I may cover some of them, but I hope I will introduce something new for you. Soy is seen as miracle healthy food of 21st century.  The soy industry is a huge business and its popularity and success was the result of a massive investment in marketing. This form of soy is resistant to toxic herbicides Roundup; therefore it is loaded with this toxic pesticide.
In other words when you consume fructose it is more likely to be turned into fat and stored than if you were consuming ordinary sugar.
The amount of fructose contained in fruit does not really translate in high amounts unless your diet consists of just fruit. Often people connect saturated fats with health risks and conditions, but if there is one fat to really watch is the trans-fat.
They are believed to increase the risk for coronary heart disease and components of the metabolic syndrome.
When it comes to trying to avoid trans fats it can be a mind field as most food labels do not list the amount of trans fats they contain.
It does make me sad to say that sugar has to go as I do love cakes, chocolate, sweets, cheesecakes…the list goes on. If your aim is weight loss then sugar is your number 1 enemy and it is definitely one of the foods to avoid while dieting. In simple words when sugar enters the system, your body produces a hormone called insulin which one of its roles is to signal to the cells to absorb sugar. When the cells are chronically stimulated by insulin they can become kind of insensitive to it which can then lead to what is called insulin resistance and diabetes.
A few studies have looked into the level of contaminants contained in farmed salmon and the health risks these can impose.
These names may not make much sense for a lot of people; however, the main argument about all these contaminants is mainly that they increase the risk of cancer amongst some other health issues. For example Chilean and South American farmed raised salmon is believed to contain less contaminant than European farmed raised salmon.
In addition, why not try other oily fish which can taste as good and still contain all the necessary nutrients beneficial for health?
I dona€™t believe in absolute statements such as a€?the very best of exercisesa€™ or a€?the only exercisesa€™.
In very simple terms, the exercise must place some considerable challenge in your body and muscles in order to a€?build musclea€™.
The more muscle mass you have the more calories and fat you will burn even when youa€™re resting. You can buy a€?speciala€™ skipping ropes but in my opinion any rope which is suitable for your height is fine. It is unlikely that one daya€™s overeating will tip the scales, but if you give up now it will be even harder to start again. Losing the extra weight is not about punishing yourself for all the takeaways and binges of the last years but more like looking after a€?youa€™. This reason can be different for each one and could range from not being able to resist a chocolate to I havena€™t got time to cook.
In its essence the a€?Pilates methoda€™ is a series of exercises which use the bodya€™s own weight and resistance.
Pilates exercises, especially those for beginners, are a more a€?gentlea€™ form of exercise and will not result in burning huge amounts of calories.
Results of Pilates on weight loss may be more prominent in terms of losing a€?incesa€™ in and around the areas conditioned (see previous point) rather than in kilos lost. It could be more suitable for people who to start off cana€™t sustain heavy or intense exercise or prefer classes rather than gym sessions.
Sleep well: As mentioned earlier sleep deprivation can affect the bodya€™s metabolic processes.
Combined, all of the above approaches work as they speed up the bodya€™s ability to burn calories and therefore reduce belly fat.
Ita€™s been shown that if you simply alter your eating habits and include foods that contain more fiber, you will also see a lower number on the bathroom scale.
Thata€™s because resistance training causes you to keep burning calories even afterA you’veA completed your session of exercise.
When it comes to weight loss a€?too much too fasta€™ is not recommended for health reasons.
Dona€™t get obsessed with numbers such as your weight, your body mass index (see below), calories etc. This brings us to the point of dona€™t just look at finding an exact weight goal from day one. Soy is seen as miracle healthy food of 21st century.A  The soy industry is a huge business and its popularity and success was the result of a massive investment in marketing. This helps prevent various kinds of ailments including heart disease, high blood pressure, certain forms of cancer, gallstones, breathing difficulties, and type 2 diabetes. Some of these include keeping a food journal, exercising for 30 to 60 minutes a day, planning for cravings, and avoiding trans fats and cholesterol. Not only were frescoes of rhinos, horses and lions over 30,000 years old found in a cave in the Ardeche on Dec. Although theya€™re probably right, ita€™s worth noting that these same specialists used similar criteria to ascribe the animals of Chauvet to the same period - until carbon 14 results pushed their age back over 10,000 years, shattering the notion that prehistoric art had evolved linearly, like technologies. In France, the Ministry of Culture placed its new treasure under the most draconian protection, despite the fact that the country already has the lion's share of Paleolithic art. Standing right in front of some of the most spectacular engravings, the Secretary of State for Culture dismissed them as being nothing more than a€?childrena€™s doodlesa€? a€“ whereupon the students from Foz CA?aa€™s high school turned the official into a laughing-stock by presenting him with a schist slab covered with their own scribblings4. It's now or never, the author of the following article decided in April 1995, as he set out to evaluate the engravings, find out the truth, and propose solutions. My 13-year old son and I had flown to Porto in Portugal and driven far up the Douro valley into the northeastern mountains, prepared to maneuver around obstructions whether by negotiation or hiking through the back door. Still, here was our first encounter with the powers that be, so I took this opportunity to probe, and get a first step up the hierarchical ladder. So I explained how Sebastian and I had come so far to see the Paleolithic glories that Portugal would be displaying with pride, spoke of credentials, and placed us (and our pen) in his hands. Still, we had our bearings, and drove off into the late afternoon to penetrate the heart of the forbidden zone.
We were getting closer, very close now, and could spy loops of a trail among the folds of a distant ridge.
And here too was the arena where one of the greatest feuds between discoverers and custodians of the past had exploded since the conflict between Othniel Marsh and Edward Drinker Cope over the fossils of extinct giants in Sioux territory during Custer's battles.
With swifts swirling in up-drafts around our heads, we scrambled and picked our way among sheer precipices and ledges.
Its tight horseshoe of cliffs and rubble made the perfect hiding place for our car and tent from the gray guards roaming the surrounding crests with binoculars. Sebastian snuggled tighter into his sleeping bag, so I set out to reconnoiter alone, systematically working quadrants and contours between our quarry at Fariseu and Piscos brook.
Somewhere among the jumble of a thousand rock faces would be an ancient image - perhaps masked by lichen or so faint one had to trace its parts before seeing it whole.
The numbed waters suddenly spangled upstream with glitter and so many flowery white tresses of water plants that the currents looked like sudsy pastures.
After all the noisy demonstrations against the dam in Lisbon, how were they to know how much clout a nosy prehistorian might have?
Whatever was going to happen to him afterwards in the backwater of Portuguese archaeology had surely been inconsequential, since experience proved that nobody made much fuss over sites that were out-of-sight and out-of-mind - especially with archaeologists beholding to dam-builders and political appointees for access and records. According to the insinuations, he could have continued his documentation right up to the headwaters as his masters worked their way upstream step by step. I sensed that this crowd felt their doctor deserved to be the one to tell fellow archaeologists that they might as well ask to visit Atlantis.
Sure enough, there was the 12 year-old Pocinho dam sweeping the valley with a clean curtain.14 But the silos of this former construction site's cement plant were speckled with rust, the ranks of its offices and dormitories were deserted and almost every window was broken. Fortunately, Sebastian was becoming ever more engrossed in Verne's book, spelunking towards the planet's core, so I began to gravitate down halls for exercise and companionship, coming to the door of the room where the secretary was braiding the blind's cord while two laconic draftsmen labored over tracings of horses, ibexes and aurochs.
It has been insinuated that Rebanda probably discovered Rock 1 at Canada do Inferno as early as November 1991.18 In Dec. So, quixotically, he had proposed building a dry-dock around the outcropping, and, failing that, underwater exploration. If so, the power utility may have known of incredibly rich sites years before the first blueprint for the new dam! Clottes was the worlda€™s reigning prehistorian a€“ the man who had risen to the pinnacle of the French archaeological establishment and held the only keys to the holy grail of art caves - the unbelievably strong and ancient Grotte Chauvet. After inspecting the 15% of the art that remained above water at the site in the rising dama€™s shadow, because the EDP had hardly felt it necessary to lower the water for the visit of the foreigner sent by the now antagonistic IPPAR, Clottes stepped before a highly polarized press corps. The dam-builders and their government backers felt vindicated while much of Portuguese public was crestfallen or furious. The dam had become a poisonous political issue in a national election with the President and his fellow Socialists attacking the center-right Prime Minister for its willingness to sacrifice both the nationa€™s patrimony and vineyards to a flaky building scheme.
As if the owners of villas built around the new lake would really allow it to be drained 100 meters to its bottom - where almost all of the known panels would soon be drowned a€“ once every decade! Suddenly, the Portuguese public felt that the dam-builders were not only destroying the nationa€™s most ancient claim to world grandeur and civilization, but that they were in league with a man who would never have been so cavalier with Paleolithic masterpieces in his own country! When I later asked Portuguese archaeologists if they were going to attend an up-coming conference organized by Clottes, they recoiled. First, because Clottesa€™ retinue of hosts, diplomats and reporters was rushing him and putting him in a bind a€“ even if his stature, pride, and role as UNESCOa€™s expert on rock art had led him into it.
They even echoed his faith in getting dam operators to regularly empty the vast lake a€“ despite the glaring evidence of the EDPa€™s behavior at CA?a itself. No sooner had Clottes triggered a public outcry, than he began to explain away his tepid defense of the CA?aa€™s importance by saying that he had not been shown enough art to form a true idea of the valleya€™s richness.35 But the truth is, he was shown Rebandaa€™s trove of drawings from submerged sections and sites upstream36 and could have been more demanding.
After all it was a lot of money, the government was inflexible, the controversy had become a campaign issue a€“ which meant that his advice would seem like foreign meddling - and the elections were still far off. When, in fact, the long-term rights for the cave in France would belong to its Ministry of Culture a€“ which was already attacking its discoverer, Chauvet, for the pittance hea€™d received for his pictures. But I could hardly hold my tongue: why on earth had he invited people from this caste of academics back into his life - and the valley - when at least one of them had apparently abused him? The picture was compelling: SimAµes and her husband angelically insisting that the world must be told, while the hireling screamed demonically over the fire, accusing university archaeologists of trying to hog the credit yet again. If Rebanda had known SimAµes and Jaffe were going to paint him into a corner, wouldn't he have raced for the exit?
Both Rebanda and SimAµes de Abreu could have been traitors and saviors at once, and as long as I was with this archaeologist, I felt bound to encourage the savior in him. It must have seemed like an insult to him after all his efforts, so with an anarchic gesture, he announced, what the hell, he'd photocopy their fax when it came, so we could enter a second.
Huge black derricks hulked atop the dam beside a row of gate-lifting pistons that looked like Big Berthas.
We bagged the warning or omen, caught and released a giant water beetle - the kind that injects deliquescing enzymes into living frogs, then sucks out their juice - and worked our way along what was actually the upper tier of a disappearing cliff. When art panels are located in the CA?aa€™s side valleys, they are apparently concentrated on northern slopes. I was a willing guide as we skewered corn kernels on hooks, lashed lines around a log and threw the lethal leashes into the dark. They were a hundred yards apart, making perpetual rounds as they kept time clocks happy by cranking them every few paces with keys chained to the fence. It was probably his first job after military service, but he was intelligent enough to realize that hea€™d been hired as a pawn in a vast conspiracy to keep Portugal's greatest cultural wonders out of sight and out of mind, till they could be obliterated.
One, because any plan to remove the friezes not only meant assigning a value to them, but keeping the controversy alive. The mountainous dirt road forked, meandered and even skirted an imposing castle,51 but several classes of children were making the long dusty pilgrimage on foot while carloads of adults in their Sunday best made the excursion to see the only engravings to have escaped the censors - either because the site at Penascosa was so far from Lima Montiero's spyglass or because the valley was gentler here and had always been farmed. I hadn't passed the first olive tree when I happened upon a well-knapped hand-axe, and then another! On-line commentary entitled a€?Some corrections about the CA?a petroglyphsa€? in TRACCE no.
While Chauveta€™s name was given to the cave itself, the names of his co-discoverers were given to two of its large chambers. Mila SimAµes de Abreu and Ludwig Jaffe were the founders of the APAAR (AssociaA§ao Portuguesa de Arte e Arqueologia Rupestre), which has been a member of IFRAO (International Federation of Rock Art Organisations) since Sept. In an on-line commentary, Jaffe denounced what he perceived as a continuation of the scandal under new management: a€?In December 1994 IPPAR passed the responsibility for the rock art in the Coa valley to Mario Varela Gomes and Antonio Martinho Baptista.
Their critics often subscribe to the doctrine that modern ethnographic evidence cannot be used to interpret ancient cultures. Although Bednarik was one of the earliest crusaders for CA?a - calling for the EDP to stop building the dam in Nov. The leftist press and Portuguese archaeological milieu reacted with just as much reflection, ignoring both Bednarika€™s qualifiers and his pioneering role in organizing the world campaign to fight for the whole valleya€™s salvation (see Dossier CA?a p.
Of the 66 contributions written by individuals, not one is by Nelson Rebanda, whose ghost a€“ to anyone interested in intellectual property a€“ haunts every line. After the CA?a scandal served its purpose as an electoral issue that helped the Socialists to win power, the new government kept its campaign promise by protecting the CA?a Valley but used the goodwill engendered by the decision to blunt criticism while flooding other huge assemblages of rock art. 3; Catherine Vincent, writing in Le Monde on March 11, 1995, goes into much more detail about one particular vineyard, Ervamoira, that would have been lost, along with its exceptional Port wine.
The first was to prove that the engravings were not Paleolithic a€“ an effort that entrapped researchers who wanted to apply experimental direct-dating techniques. Also, would you be able to roughly estimate how long it might take for me to get a flat stomach according to how overweight I am? I tried to lose weight before by drinking juice only than smoothie only but it was not sustainable for me.
To tell you more about the box (tagged #MIZ11), I've decided to answer questions sent to me by Quarterly Co and Mizzfit readers.
I have a chest full of fitness gear and equiptment in my apartment, and OMG, the things I found inside of it had me rolling on the ground. Yes, it's going through it's "boutique salon" stage right now, but people have been "floating" and even installing floating chambers in their homes for the last 20 years. But seriously, it's hard to decide which one is my favorite prize because quite frankly, I own them all.
We often take for granted the wonderful parks and historical sights within the region we live in. A few years ago The New York Times reported that some women were studio-hopping, taking more than 1 class a day to get their fix.
It wasn't an overnight kind of relief, but the pain did completely go away about a day and half later. I know youa€™ve probably heard of many fitness trackers already but this one is the tracker of all trackers. 8 years ago I left a career in corporate advertising to pursue my dream of reporting on health & fitness. Ita€™s risky business juggling a lot in your life, but for me personally, I live for the thrill! I reached out to Hourglass Angel (the most well-known waist training seller online) to see if I could try their products and, of course, come to my own conclusion.
Again, not complaining as worse things have happened in my life, but as all wavy and curly-haired girls know, learning how to style curls is freakin' hard! Louis at The Arch so that Special Olympics athletes from my hometown can train, compete and enjoy a lifetime of their own thrills. BUT, I'm never as exposed to the world of fashion and the mind-blowing creations debuting on runways as I am during NYFW. She presented her "Search Don't Rescue" collection, which really appealed to me because I'm a huge fan of monochromatic, flowy dresses and pairings. Graffiti Beasts leggings feature the art of real street artists whose art can be seen on the streets of Lisbon, Barcelona, Milan, New York City and many more cities across the world. Michelle Austin, founder of the Fluidity Barre, was one of her students among others like Exhale founder Fred Devito, who I interviewed HERE. You will most likely discover parts of your body that you never knew were possible to work out or even move. They have a wayfarer style (which is so classic that they're always IN) and they're made with polarized, UV400 protection lenses. If you set a level of expectation, they will ALWAYS look forward to your gifts and rave about them in conversation. Let me guess, you know how to break a sweat but you also look forward to showing off how well you clean up and glow like a pro. Check it out because I go into detail about why these skincare products should be in your summer gym bag STAT!
This is the yearly event where yogis come together right smack in the middle of Times Square to celebrate the day the sun is at its highest position in the sky for the longest period of time. The tracker itself is a black shiny oval shaped piece that clips into a metal slip-on bracelet. But what you're paying for is great technology, an app that doesn't baffle you but inspires you and a piece of jewelry that looks good with anything you wear. A really astounding young lady and go-getter herself, Katya Meyers, created the interview series to share what happens behind the scenes in the lives of successful health & wellness oriented professionals. Spirit Junkie and the book A Return To Love by Marianne Williamson really helped open her mind and heart to all the amazing possibilities that can happen when someone chooses love over fear.
If you know of a case that shoud be on this list, please add it to the comments section below with a direct link.
It's a 5 day adventure and my sources are telling me that there will be 130 of the most famous Zumba instructors onboard including Beto Perez himself. I used to think of her as just my mom without fully worshipping everything she's accomplished. They're competing in the Volvo Ocean Race, which is considered to be the toughest sailing race in the world. It's a long trip (9 months at sea!) and it's a tremendous challenge for these women, requiring massive teamwork and goal-setting. Of course, you have to train consistently, eat right and get plenty of sleep and hydration. I teamed up with Chrissy's and my bestie, Michelle from YoGoGirls, to bring you these playful and sporty looks. I'm 5'2" with muscular legs and I loved the way these Polka Dot Socks almost seemed to lengthen my legs. Aging lines, sun damage and sagging are major concerns of mine, and I'd like to do the most I can to prevent the visible aging process from coming on faster than it needs to. Because aluminum prevents our underarms from stinking by blocking sweat from escaping through our pores onto the surface of the skin. Since May of 2009, I've been on a mission to take everything I learned and experienced from my advertising career and turn into something truly positive that will help women embrace health & wellness. I also wanted to take a moment to tell all of you that I'm always here to answer your questions about health & wellness so feel free to contact me.
Speaking of sweet, Valentine's Day reared its rosy head and lured me into a chocolate shop last week. As I admired the glossy bonbons (they're literally lacquered with a sugary coating and some are topped with edible gold leaf) my mouth was watering insatiably.
The type of fuel, whether it is fat, sugar or other will depend on the type of exercise, the intensity, the meal consumed before and when and a number of other reasons. However, this doesn’t mean that you should jump to intermediate level when you never exercised before in your life so you get maximum results. The one I usually use to train is a children’s one which I bought from a shop for a couple of dollars. Keep the elbows tacked in your body and the turning of the rope should come from the wrists. Skipping is more of an aerobic exercise and for maximising the fat you burn it is better if you perform resistance exercises 1st and aerobic exercise at the end. Lay prone on the floor with palms flat on the floor placed slightly wider under your shoulders. However, do consult a doctor if you have any previous complaints in that area and don’t take it for granted that every treatment fits everybody.
As time progress, weight loss can slow down, maybe hit a plateau, hit a few parties, or simply lose interest and perspective.
It is common for people to say I had that chocolate at dinner so I will skip supper, or I had a bit extra last night I will eat less today.
Firstly is best to opt for weight loss regimes which promote a healthy balance diet rather than restrictive diets. Physical activity whether is structured exercise or just going for a walk can increase the amount of calories you burn and kick start the weight loss again. However, if you are always negative about your weight you will only make yourself feel bad and struggle through ‘must do’ weight loss diets. STOT Pilates, modified Pilates APPI technique, contemporary Pilates and so on) using apparatus such as the reformer, with books written about them, and DVDs for people to take home and practice.
In theory, it teaches the body how to use its own mechanisms to recruit the ‘core’ muscles throughout the body. However, due to the limited amount of good quality studies available there is no strong scientific evidence to support a statement such as ‘Pilates will lead to weight loss’. Some mat-based techniques tend to use apparatus such as gym balls and thera-bands (resistance elastic bands) which can similarly increase resistance and muscular effort. At a beginners levels exercises may not appear as they provide any muscular benefits or may seem very easy.
As with every form with exercise if you have any medical conditions consult a medical professional before starting. Additionally, it may be more suitable for those who just want a light firming form of exercise to top up their weight loss or just sustain a firm body shape.
Moreover, any gains will depend on the intensity, duration and frequency of the exercise i.e. Is there such a thing as slow metabolism and if so what can someone do in order to lose weight? The means in which we take in nutrients and deliver energy as required is called metabolic regulation. However, it must be noted that in the general healthy population these differences are very small and metabolic rate on its own will not necessarily lead to measurable weight changes.
Weight gain can be common in hypothyroidism, not only due to the slowing down of the metabolic rate and the hormonal changes but also as a result of other symptoms. It is important to receive the appropriate medical treatment for any medical conditions, as these could have serious implications to health if not treated properly. In order to lose weight decreasing the calorie intake may be necessary and metabolic rate may show some decrease in order for the body to adapt. For a sedentary person whose calorie intake is within the upper recommended limits then a small decrease up to 500 calories should be sufficient and safe.
However, you do need to include carbohydrates as well as very low carbohydrate intake can have negative effects in thyroid hormone production. However, caffeine is a stimulant and can induce a stress response among other negative effects.
If you are actually one of those people who lose weight when under stress you may be tempted to think that is not a bad thing.
Some people have gone as far to create the ‘cold diets’ in which they recommend to drink iced water and turn the heating off in the winter.
Therefore, fried foods are not only bad for your waistline but for the health of your heart as well.
Any low-fat dairy product is helpful in lowering the amount of absorbed fat in the abdominal region and therefore reduces any accumulation of fat. Dark chocolate contains monounsaturated fat, which is produced from plants and is an acceptable food to eat provided you consume only a small portion as it’s also dense calorically. Regardless of your score, remember to keep a healthy perspective, which is the best way to lose belly fat.
For some people it may be a matter of losing a couple of pounds for others it may be a lot more.
These classifications are only a guide and they do come with their flaws so do use them as they intended; as a guide.
Maybe just eating the right foods, or adding some exercise to firm the areas which bother you could be the answer. Or on the other hand you could be exercising and carrying a lot of muscle which can lead to a high BMI (i.e. WHR is another simple way of categorising individuals’ health risk according to the circumference of their waist and hip. Waist Circumference it is often used to determine overall health risks in relation to the circumference of a person‘s waist. Are you overweight, in a risk of having a lot of abdominal fat, within normal weight range? This could be just losing a couple of pounds to feel more comfortable in yourself, or losing some inches of your tummy or losing more weight to get within a normal range of weight. Keep in mind that you did not put on the weight in one day so it is unlikely that you will lose it in one day. A medical professional should provide you with the guidance you need regarding your health and weight.
It also contains genes from bacteria that produce a protein which has never been part of the human food supply. Moreover, some scientists have implicated HFCS as a possible contributor in excess energy consumption (eating too many calories).
In addition, studies suggest that trans fats may exacerbate diabetes as they can increase insulin resistance (in simple words the cells resist the effects of insulin and respond slower or not at all). In general is best to try and avoid processed food, fast food, margarines, and deep fried food.


The studies are more or less in agreement that the level of contaminants is higher in farmed salmon than in wild salmon; the question however is what does that mean in terms of health? A lot of these points, as well as the argument of whether the benefits of consuming salmon outweigh the risk, have not been fully explored and answered. However, this doesna€™t mean that you should jump to intermediate level when you never exercised before in your life so you get maximum results. The one I usually use to train is a childrena€™s one which I bought from a shop for a couple of dollars. However, do consult a doctor if you have any previous complaints in that area and dona€™t take it for granted that every treatment fits everybody. However, if you are always negative about your weight you will only make yourself feel bad and struggle through a€?must doa€™ weight loss diets.
In theory, it teaches the body how to use its own mechanisms to recruit the a€?corea€™ muscles throughout the body. However, due to the limited amount of good quality studies available there is no strong scientific evidence to support a statement such as a€?Pilates will lead to weight lossa€™. Some people have gone as far to create the a€?cold dietsa€™ in which they recommend to drink iced water and turn the heating off in the winter.
Dark chocolate contains monounsaturated fat, which is produced from plants and is an acceptable food to eat provided you consume only a small portion as ita€™s also dense calorically.
It is always best to use a combination of them for a better picture of your bodya€™s weight.
WHR is another simple way of categorising individualsa€™ health risk according to the circumference of their waist and hip. Waist Circumference it is often used to determine overall health risks in relation to the circumference of a persona€?s waist. 18th1, but Europea€™s biggest open-air gallery of Paleolithic animals was reported just a month earlier in the CA?a Valley of northeastern Portugal2.
Regardless of how old the CA?aa€™s art turns out to be, it is unique in its richness above ground and astonishing in its illustrations of movement - with animals tossing their heads with the same stop-action dynamism found at Chauvet and only millennia later in photography and Futurist painting.
The Chauvet Cavea€™s prehistoric bestiary was proudly splashed across magazines around the world. Soon, the guard turned into a regular lad, wrote down the chief engineer's name and pointed beyond the ramp-laced moonscape - into the wilderness. In this walled garden, the conflicting passions of archaeologists had exploded around a campfire, set a president and prime minister against each other, and cowed the emissaries of UNESCO. Lizards skidded into fissures, a rusty blade wedged in a nook beside a sliver of cliff garden spoke of an emigrant who had never returned, but the walls seemed barren. Over and over again, the scene seemed set, the rock stretched, but its lines were just fractals. I yanked myself up to a platform less than a step wide and a ten-foot long cow - an auroch! By holding the animal's form and movement vividly in mind, the maker had poured himself into its body and experienced a power beyond abstraction, beyond even tool-making, to thrill to the new power of passing through the looking-glass into another being.
A stream, running pure as its springs over crisp cresses between alternating bull rushes and crags, almost made it to the river unaltered, but met it just below the threshold and sank into an estuary.
We had arrived at Pandemonium and would try to insinuate ourselves into an audience with the Chief Engineer himself. Only one was so spotless and redolent of perks, though, with its rolled lawn incongruous in the desert, that we knew right where to head among forking roads. I was hardly surprised when these well-fed pros passed the buck to the only gaunt and partially toothless fellow traveler among them. So they decided to play it safe by dumping me on their pet nemesis, the organizationa€™s own archaeological a€?hirelinga€?, Dr. He could have added to his hoard of exclusive photos and measurements, imposed interpretations, and generally lorded it over his peers - for who could have naysayed him with his treasures locked a hundred meters deep in so many great watery safes?10 And to think that all the dam-builders' pet archaeologist and his accommodating superiors at the Portuguese Institute for Architectural and Archaeological Heritage (IPPAR)11 in Lisbon - to whom Rebanda had reported his discoveries at least twice12 - had had to do to pull off this economically patriotic (not to say mutually beneficial) stunt was keep their mouths shut! After having suffered at the hands of his mentor, Professor Jorge, why had Rebanda put himself at the mercy of two similar academics and representatives of an international body to boot - Mila SimAµes de Abreu and her archaeologist husband, Ludwig Jaffe, who represented the International Federation of Rock Art Organizations (IFRAO)? At least such nuisances would keep him from getting up to more mischief by turning up new discoveries. But, finally, a secretary answered my summons and let me into a vestibule empty except for a display of postcard-sized photographs of some of the engravings, and a cartoon caricaturing the scandal - which I reckoned had been knowingly posted to co-opt criticism. I couldn't quite make out the man's features through the crack, but it was obvious he was gushing recriminations - and no wonder: the entire archaeological profession had ganged up on the pariah.
We all knew I had crossed a threshold, but, after all, I had paid my dues, and in any case, I padded off to the foyer again. Yet they'd prattled to the press that they had found the art a year ago, and then more like two years ago, and now, word had it, a€?onlya€? three years ago25 - when it was always somehow too late to stop the process leading up to construction, which had only started in September a€™94.26 The gall! Instantly, I whipped out paper and scribbled the fastest copy of the main map that my hand could draw. After SimAµes de Abreu and Jaffe had unleashed the scandal by revealing the conspiracy to flood Europea€™s richest assemblage of open-air Paleolithic art, the IPPAR and Portuguese Ministry of Culture had scrambled to get their own expert witness a€“ and, in a further twist, had asked UNESCO to recommend an expert to challenge the power companya€™s growing efforts to prove the art wasna€™t Paleolithic but recent27 a€“ in which case, the EDP seemed to think that the public would drop the subject as being the relatively recent work of peasants drawing their cows.
For all their heightened sensitivity to having CA?aa€™s fate evaluated by a foreigner, the Portuguese press viewed Clottes as a referee and expected a verdict. Then, as fate would have it, Clottes was back in the headlines within the week, announcing drastic measures to protect Francea€™s new crown jewel, Chauvet.
And as if anyone could even find new art during the two weeks a lake might be emptied (every hundred years) while everything was coated with algae and grime! Opposition editorialists had a field day with Clottesa€™ apparent hypocrisy and dismissiveness towards Portugal - and demonstrators flooded the streets. Two, because people are often driven to produce their greatest work and worst mistakes by similar drives. Rebanda was even fooling himself on this score, I thought - after all, the Foz CA?a photographs would probably end up belonging to Portugala€™s own ministry or even the EDP. Scientists - like lawyers - ply an adversarial trade, but the chance to put Portugal into the archaeological heavens a€“ and to boost their own reputations with it - had given many researchers more ulterior motives than usual. Personally, I couldn't see anybody bedding down for the night and traipsing out the next morning with people who had announced that they were going to expose him.
In essence, my heart a€“ if not my mind - had taken his side for the moment; he was the underdog, on the verge of a nervous breakdown, and I was concerned that he might even attempt suicide. If I didn't mind coming back at 9 the next morning, he apologized, the approval should be there. But basically the dam was a streamlined machine without much need for local intervention or maintenance. My unequivocal certification of their global importance only made him uneasier, as he didn't know whether to feel flattered or upset.
We peered into a dovecot, a squat white tower lined inside with empty compartments like a city after a plague. Suddenly, a deeply hammered auroch on the rock stood out boldly as a road sign - alerting us to an entire herd.
The geology, erosion, & silica skins protecting engravings all seem similar on both slopes, so I theorize that this positioning is not simply a taphonomic illusion created by the disappearance of engravings on the southern slopes. I wasn't expecting anything when I ambled down at dawn, but there it was: a big mound under the bank! From what I could tell, even his draftsmen had decided to take the day off 49, once they realized the coast was clear. By God, I thought, if the flooders don't save them, I hope the townspeople storm the valley! If the guards hadn't been under strict orders not to sell admissions, they'd have made a killing; but then any financial association with the art is anathema to the dammers: the next thing they knew, they'd have a revolt on their hands!
And like the first guard, when he realized that I had somehow gotten authorization despite my evident opposition to the reservoir, he let out his pent-up indignation - for we were insiders. As we passed the threshold between the deadened depths and virgin current with its billowing water-foliage, we had to skirt and climb over a sheer wall blocking the side-valleya€™s entrance. The intertwined couple, spanning the length of a single real horse, was still necking in Eden after twenty millennia.
Rock Art and the CA?a Valley Archaeological Park: A case study in the preservation of Portugal's prehistoric parietal heritage. Although it is true that one must be extremely circumspect about doing so, such evidence often opens new perspectives that have more in common with the subsistence systems of ancient cultures than does our own, and the two authors showed considerable originality and courage in exploring it. 1994 - most Portuguese archaeologists with access to the CA?a sites now shun him as thoroughly as they do Clottes and Rebanda. 539, for a resolution, written in defense of CA?a, by Bednarik, in a book filled with vitriole against him). These retractions confirmed that some of ZilhA?oa€™s criticisms of the direct dating attempts were well founded, but dona€™t necessarily reflect on other matters raised in his disputes with Bednarik and Jaffe.
In the English sections, Jorge generously credits numerous associates and generations of Portuguese prehistorians by full name, while studiously avoiding any mention of Rebanda except where it is unavoidable, and then only with his last name between brackets.
The second was to make casts of panels for a museum a€“ which may have damaged some panels. I drink water all day everyday with lemons and I do workout although most of my workouts are more weight lifting, ab workouts, legs, arms you know those types of stuff. I want a flat stomach and bigger butt lol I need someone to basically tell me what to eat, when to eat it and how to exercise and when to do it.
As a vlogger, digital host and tv host, you could say I know a thing or two about producing video content.
The category continues to evolve and expand beyond the fitness tracker we're all familiar with. The prizes I pick for each Booya Fitness challenge are based on my favorite products and gear that I've personally test out for you. I only ate half the bun and the wonderful part about the meal is that the portions are JUST RIGHT. I already have enough gadgets and gizmos in my life that if I'm going to add something to the mix, it better do something spectacular.
Let's just say I ended up falling in love with waist training, which is something I really didn't expect. I made some amazing stopsa€”this one was my favoritea€”and had a lot of time to think along the way. You essentially have to ask yourself whata€™s next in my lifea€¦what road will I take and where do I hope it will lead me? As a fitness trend expert, I never limit myself to just fitness events because EVERYTHING is fusing together these days.
But yes, I have a FLAT approach to skincare that I want to share with you today that literally saves my life every time I travel. Fact of my life: my toiletry bag + makeup bag + hair dryer and roundbrushes = most of the weight in my suitcase. Ia€™m discovering new spots to work out, sharing my favorite places to unwind and scoring face-time with friends.
Not only do they keep you from squinting but they'll save those precious eye corners of yours from sun damage. The 2 pieces together are minimal and sleek in away that far out-styles FitBit, UP by Jawbone, Nike+ Fuelband and similar black band trackers. The 2 metal bracelet finishes--Midnight Purple and Brushed Gold--blend exceptionally well with silver and gold tone jewelry. I'm honored to be a part of her series and my interview is LIVE and ready to be heard by clicking RIGHT HERE.
My mom and I don't always agree on everything but she's been very supportive of my life choices and has taken great care of me throughout my life. It's going to be a fun springtime evening social, if you will, and a great chance to check out the evolution of LimeLight!
Come join our healthy party with cocktails from SkinnyGirl and Juice Press, and wine sorbet from Frosae Wine Sorbae, which is basically FROZEN WINE! So I've put a little something together with a posh studio that's new to the area called Core3 Fitness.
Hopefully they'll inspire you to get creative with something as simple and inexpensive as a pair of socks. So, I did for a little bit but then over time I became empowered by how great my mid-30's felt. I can't perform magic tricks but I can wear Altchek MD's Daily Moisturizer made with SPF30, Ester C and Vitamin E. The plus side is less sweat and stink but the downside is that antiperspirants prevent the human body from doing it's job, which is to rid itself of toxins.
I thought I'd share with you what I've got on my desk today: the March issue of People Style Watch Magazine and my new favorite toy, a Ball Wide Mouth Mason Jar with a fruit infuser lid!
It is always best to train muscles in balance and throughout the body to avoid muscle imbalances and injuries in the long term. The 3 and 5 min may not seem as much but trust me if you never skipped before (being a child was the last time) you will find that is not as easy. If that is too hard then just do 4 and try to build on it or go for one of the easier variations and build on it.
When lowering your arm squeeze the shoulder blades together so when your arms have slide down the shoulder blades have gone back into their place. If you keep dithering about that meal last night, or the party last week and how much you eaten or drank, then you will be spending your energy on things you cannot change. Cycling calories through the days can have a benefit, but torturing or starving yourself to make up for calories will only feel hard and you are likely to give up altogether.
Even if a regime worked for a period of time it may be good to re-evaluate and see what you could change, add, remove adapt. Is it to look good on your wedding, or for health reasons, to fit in an outfit or to feel better about yourself? The first ones tend to allow more freedom in choosing menus and the foods you can eat and so it is harder to feel bored. Planning is a very helpful tool for achieving your goals and it can be your starting point.
A very close friend of mine wanted to lose weight but could never stick to it or stay away from temptations until her husband decide to be her weight loss ‘coach’. Make a list of all the things you may think will be affecting you or do affect you in reaching those weight loss goals.
It is easy to want to jump to a higher level which could provide you with more challenge, more calorie burning, and faster. You can practice some elements of Pilates when sitting in your office, in the car, or watching TV, however, it is not natural to have any muscle contracted constantly. Not trying to undermine the home exercise regimes, however, in the case of Pilates exercises precision and control is vital. A medical professional will be the most appropriate person to advise you in terms of weight loss and exercise which will most suit any medical needs.
Symptoms such as fatigue, depression, and weakness can lead to decreased physical activity and associated bad eating habits. In addition, for some medical conditions it is important to follow the appropriate and recommended diets.
The recommended calorie intake is 1500-2000 kcal per day for women and 2000-2500 kcal for men. Some scientist will argue that the body needs both periods of fasting and periods of feeding. Therefore, it would not be recommended to have large amount of caffeine especially if you are experiencing other day to day stresses.
Chronic stress can have number of implications to health and could actually result in chronic conditions. Foods high in monounsaturated fats are actually good for the abdominals if they are consumed in conservative portions. A cardio workout like running assists in increasing the heart rate and the body’s ability to burn fat and calories. Green tea too is a good beverage to consume if you want to reduce inches from your waist as it’s been proven to boost the metabolism and therefore burn fat. On the other hand it could just be the shape of your body, and learning to love what you got is even better. Well weight loss can be more complicated than just losing weight; your body’s composition can change, as well as other factors.
Waist circumference can be recommended for those people who may be classified within a healthy range with using BMI measurements but may have excess fat on their abdomen. There are a number of changes that your body will make during a day, a month and even more during a weight loss regime. Lowering the risk of developing health conditions and being at the weight you feel satisfied is a good place to start. Do you just want to go down a couple of dress sizes even if you are still in an overweight range? There is such a thing as losing fat mass but not necessarily translating to pounds but more in inches or sometimes it is not as clear at all. For example you want to lose 10lbs in one month, so you will aim for approximately 2lbs per week. A very close friend of mine wanted to lose weight but could never stick to it or stay away from temptations until her husband decide to be her weight loss a€?coacha€™. A cardio workout like running assists in increasing the heart rate and the bodya€™s ability to burn fat and calories.
Green tea too is a good beverage to consume if you want to reduce inches from your waist as ita€™s been proven to boost the metabolism and therefore burn fat. Well weight loss can be more complicated than just losing weight; your bodya€™s composition can change, as well as other factors. While the paintings in the French cave, which became known as the Grotte Chauvet, often have engraved contours, the Portuguese menagerie may also have been painted, but, being outdoors, their pigments have usually weathered away. As shadows welled from the valley, we turned from the scarps and trundled downwards into the cleavage, till the road turned into a path to the water through a profusion of poppies. Finally, I discerned a flock ambling down through dry brush, then a shirt flashed a white dot, and we converged within hailing distance on opposite banks. Even ideal panels on either side of a fig tree bulging titanically from a small cave were barren. A stand of poplar trees crackled like Chinese New Year with small birds, abundant as leaves. It was a good thing we had his name, Lima Monteiro, because the Securitas guard on this side meant business.
Our compact car slid in among Mercedes and I stepped into glare, drawing cool stares from fleshy faces. My interlocutor explained that the Chief Engineer was powerless to help me, so he couldn't be bothered to give me an audience. Of course, the stories went, the honorable witnesses had refused to become accomplices and had immediately denounced the whole plot a€“ writing open letters to the Portuguese President, Vice President and Director of IPPAR - with carbon copies for the press.13 If only his employers had known that Rebanda was so naive! She announced that it was no use disturbing the doctor, who I could see through a jarred door talking to someone over the phone with peevish vehemence. Finally, I suggested that she didn't need to keep me company while I waited for the good doctor to get off the phone. That's strange, I thought as I wandered off again, mulling over a mental photograph of the site distribution.
And here were others, even closer to the construction site, at "RA?go de Vide", which had been submerged by the same old dam! Still, she caught me; whereupon I went on elaborating it, asking questions, and then padded back to the foyer again to continue my vigil. After all, the archaeologists and reporters had allowed the Tagus petrogylphs to be drowned with hardly a whimper. Not only did the contrast with his actions in Portugal now smack of a double standard, but there was a piquant irony. With stakes this high, both parties unleashed their opinion-making machines, making hash of Clottesa€™ carefully weighed words as quickly as theya€™d vilified Rebanda.
Clottesa€™ words may have been earnest, but with stakes this high and politicized they were about as reasonable as Pontius Pilatea€™s attempts to keep the peace. I prefer to think the latter, and that his only mistake was thinking that people on both sides were lucid and reflective enough to interpret his verdict correctly. In Rebanda's place, I'd have calmed down and let the traitors fall to sleep, but then I'd have snuck away - trekking fast through the dark, picking myself up when I fell, but getting out - bloody knees and all - and calling that alarm first! Furthermore, I had no doubt - whatever pacts he'd struck - that he would make up for them if only approached constructively. After we'd faxed it, I was sorry to see him having to still recall and refax, as he nudged the request repeatedly through the unyielding bureaucracy. Sebastian and I scrambled and tacked among the carious cliffs, till there was nothing left but rock overhanging the water itself. But a huge horse, leaning over the depths, was both more graceful and cryptic, for someone had wedged a rusty horseshoe into a crack between its hooves. No sooner had I chipped the thin device and steadily shoved each curve straight, than the hook slipped smoothly free. Only Rebanda's long-suffering secretary had to keep her post and occupied herself by taking up the relay of calling and faxing. These red and gray devices were not only customized to match the guards' uniforms, but showed off the latest in high-tech materials and molding.
As we wound our way down towards the reservoir among towering red cliffs, he took quiet pride in pointing out the hidden elements of scattered engravings.
But then Piscos Brook ran between trees, pastures and cane-groves, with cliffs full of shelters and stone panels at each bend. La Pintura, The Official Newsletter of the American Rock Art Research Association (Member of IFRAO) Volume 21, Number 3, Winter. In the same book, which Jorge compiled to record the campaign he was spear-heading to save CA?a a€“ a laudatory effort, if there ever was one, that made Jorge synonymous with yet another of Rebandaa€™s finds - Bednarik is repeatedly dismissed as a a€?charlatana€? (pp. Jaffe accused the trio, who had taken over responsibility for the archaeological resources of the valley, of endangering art panels and refusing to allow qualified foreign researchers or even Dr. Whatever the case may be, the problem of rock art conservation is still as far from resolution in Portugal as it is in most other places in the world. I know u may not know about the pills and cream but I'm wondering if you ever used maca root for your workouts or known of maca root to be good for workouts?
It's drastically changing these industries with more advanced fabrics, lighter and more funtional parts, more accurate tracking and motion sensors, and overall cooler customization. Whether it's my boyfriend coming over to cook with me, my mom visiting from Missouri or my best friend coming to spend the weekend with me to play in New York City, I literally ALWAYS have a meal in the fridge for 2 that only takes 30-45 minutes to whip up. And can you blame them for not caring when they know new members are taking them for joyride? Since I'm the healthy one in my familia, they count on me to contribute an interesting veggie concoction that wows their taste buds. I caught the flu somewhere between rushing to shows and shaking hands with and hugging everyone.
I've been to a few of their events, but this year's New York Fashion Week 2015 showcase was one of my favorites.
Fashion is going sporty on NYFW catwalks and tech is catering more than ever to wellness conscious users. Ia€™m doing it all in a 2015 Ford Explorer to celebrate Tri-State Forda€™s a€?Where To Now?a€? adventure and summer sweepstakes! My products have to be effective, easy to apply, fast working and light (on my shoulder, not just my face!). It's challenging, modern, music-oriented, and doesn't follow all the yoga rules you're used to.
Most people won't even notice you're wearing a tracker because it looks like a fancy bangle. The lotus flower is now bold, proud and sharp looking, which I personally think translates better to fitness and sport.
I learned a lot from them about Team SCA's voyage, race conditions and day to day life at sea during this gorgeous afternoon spent sailing on the Hudson River.
I've been running long distances since highschool and to this day I'm still discovering new tricks for a smoother run. Going to the Big Island this past February was my 3rd time back to the wonderous state and I used a new online travel guide service called Localfu to navigate my way around like a local. However, the length is important, as if it is too short for your height you will be tripping yourself with it. If you are fit and can do a couple of sets or more push up by all means judge it and go for it. Easier variation includes assuming the plank position with placing your elbows bend under your shoulders and resting your forearms on the floor. Maybe the regime you are following has worked for thousands of people or it was great 2 years ago when you did it but this time it may not be what you need. An example is Mediterranean style diets which tend to include foods from all categories and have a vast amount of recipes and menus. Some ideas are: start a class like dancing or Pilates, start swimming possibly as a family activity, join a sport or see if there are running groups in your area.
Set a day for planning, a day for choosing your regime, a day for getting all ready (shopping, clearing cupboards etc) and a day for starting. He supported by eating healthy and even went as far as preparing meals and packed lunches for work. Are you too busy, don’t like weight loss diets, or are there too many biscuit tins in work?
However, one of the principles in which Pilates exercises are based on is precision and this is for a reason. Pilates exercises concentrate on the deep and superficial muscles of the abdomen (tummy), back and gluts (hips). In the average healthy person what makes the difference in having a ‘lower’ or ‘faster’ metabolism is muscle mass (more specifically what is called lean body mass which is the muscle mass and organs).
This could help in improving metabolic flexibility which is the ability of the body to adapt easily in utilizing carbohydrates (sugar) and fats as a fuel and transition between them. On the other hand, coffee dehydrates the system and is not a good choice if you want to lose weight in the abdominal area. If you are however borderline underweight or your goals bring you to an underweight range do reconsider.
It may be that one week you lose 1lb and one week you lose 3lbs but overall you have reached your monthly goal. Are you too busy, dona€™t like weight loss diets, or are there too many biscuit tins in work? In the average healthy person what makes the difference in having a a€?lowera€™ or a€?fastera€™ metabolism is muscle mass (more specifically what is called lean body mass which is the muscle mass and organs).
This could help in improving metabolic flexibility which is the ability of the body to adapt easily inA utilizingA carbohydrates (sugar) and fats as a fuel and transition between them. All that remains, where jagged outcroppings of schist jut from brushy slopes - exposing terminal facets perfect for murals - are hauntingly sinuous outlines of deer, horses, ibexes, and wild cattle called aurochs. The first flurry of press articles had mentioned that many of the engravings were already submerged by the cofferdam holding the river back for the more monstrous wall rising downstream from it. I sent greetings and the shepherd expostulated and gestured animatedly upstream towards towering slabs. For me, all of mankind's later accomplishments, all our later experience of good and evil only become possible after such art. The irrelevant exchange had sparked sympathy as we both waited - and waited, in similar irrelevance to someone too consumed to give us heed.
I would have to go to Lisbon, and no, it wouldn't do any good for him to fax; he didn't have an iota of authority. Despite all the insinuations about Rebanda and IPPAR, they were actually the first to try blocking the philistines with the clout of an institution as important as UNESCO. About thirty years before, Francea€™s equivalent to the EDP had taken the entire Ardeche Gorge, where the Chauvet Cave had just been found, from its entrance at Sauze to a rainbow-huge, natural arch - Vallon Pont da€™Arc, next to Chauvet - by eminent domain, to build a dam.
These conscientious people know that theya€™re barely tolerated by the forces of Mammon - scraping crumbs from the tables of vast enterprises armed with dynamite and bulldozers - and make compacts all the time with them, telling themselves, for instance, that the alluvial strata that cement plants exploit are always too tumbled to contain intact Acheulian hearths. If only he'd announced the discovery, co-opted his employers, and splashed masterpieces across magazine covers while the art's existence was still fresh, he might have won honor, fame, a very small fortune (and maybe even kept his job).
Within weeks, local academics had begun signing their names to Rebandaa€™s discoveries, tracings, and interpretations while forgetting to cite him. I'd have been the one to announce the existence of the largest gathering of open-air Paleolithic engravings in Europe to the world. Slate slabs, thoughtfully laid into a wall as steps, led down through a canopy of fig trees into a cavernous wallow between cliffs. I woke Sebastian in time to see the beast lumber over the bank and glide away, and then it was high time we checked out our other line at the doctor's office. Noon passed as we still waited together like an old couple, talking about the doctor's misery, Australian rock art, translations; whatever. The guards stiffened as Sebastian and I had the gumption to breach a forbidden zone and stride blithely forward. There were so many warblers piping and whistling, there must have been a dozen species with overlapping territories. Botha€? - Baptista and Gomes a€“ a€?were closely involved in the rationale to submerge the rock art (to 'protect it from vandals'); in fact, on 8 November Baptista spoke of how sedimentation behind dams should protect rock arta€? - my italics. After our departure, Bednarik and three other researchers (Alan Watchman from Canada, plus Fred Phillips and Ronald Dorn from the USA), who believed that they had found ways to date rock art directly, studied some of the CA?aa€™s engravings during separate visits. 1995 that was led by Mounir Bouchenaki, the IPPAR formed a scientific committee consisting of Antonio BeltrA?n, Emmanuel Anati and Jean Clottes, who came back for a second round.
It's really amazing to see all the companies being born out of these kind of technological advancements. It's been a whirlwind of a month but I'm finally back at Mizzfit headquarters blogging about all my exciting Fall adventures. Ia€™ve worked really hard to get where I am, but if you had asked me years ago whether Ia€™d be in the drivera€™s seat of my own business and reporting on womena€™s health, Ia€™d think you were nuts. I worry that I won't have what I need and as a frugalista, I don't want to buy what I already own while away from home. Most importantly they have to feel good on and revitalize my skin, whether Ia€™m running to a workout or freshening up right after one. It's simply amazing, so I was thrilled to see her join what has become a yogi cult favorite summer event. But when it comes to fitness--my area of expertise--there's no fooling me or anyone else for that matter. She told me to choose my deodorant wisely because many popular brands pose health risks, especially to women. Check me out in Lacroix Sparkling Water's new campaign called "Start A Healthy Relationship", which can be seen on the Lacroix website and in several fitness & health publications like Oxygen Magazine. You can build different variations as you become more confident, such as alternate legs or cross arms etc. Harder variations include placing your legs on a bench or Swiss ball and also alternating from side with one arm to centre to alternate side.
For more motivation tips also read our ‘I want to lose weight but have no motivation’ article. Carrying out exercises, at the beginning at least, supervised by a certified professional will have the benefit of carrying exercises in the correct technique, keeping safe and working on the appropriate level and routine of exercises. They tend to give a flat tummy effect by conditioning the abdominal muscles and improving posture.
For example if you are a dress size 18 and want to just go down to a size 16 your goal could be losing 1-2 stones. Aiming for a healthy body state, a change towards a healthier diet and lifestyle rather than stressing about how many pounds you should be is probably a better thing to do. For more motivation tips also read our a€?I want to lose weight but have no motivationa€™ article. And so, forgive me, but in comparison to these ancient windows, cathedrals seem to have anti-climatic and overwrought power. Except for the absence now of bigger species, this was how Solutreans had experienced the world - with whistling, mooing, barking, roaring and trumpeting not just on the Serengeti, but to the frozen north!
So much will go unrecorded because of all this fuss.a€? a€“ So, Rebanda is resigned to the inevitability of the flooding, I thought. If the dam had been built, a dozen known art caves would have been flooded or affected by rising water tables. So rather than condemn Clottes, perhaps the Portuguese should simply admit his diplomacy opened the debate, even if one might wish that hea€™d been a crusader.
From Chauveta€™s pinnacle, its gatekeeper was probably right to dismiss the scratchings, which I too thought could have been the kneading of bears, but the contrast between the levels of encouragement was striking.
Although they granted him the discovery of Hella€™s Canyon (in footnotes), other sites that Rebanda had already noted were soon claimed by competitors as Rebanda was effectively silenced.
And Vitor and his wife, Susanaa€? - was it my imagination or did her name stick in his craw? Their stingy hypocrisy and philistinism revolted me: they wouldn't spend a penny on protecting such discoveries, but they'd drown the world up to its headwaters to keep driving Mercedes. Goldfinches sparked into the air, a crested hoopoo flashed orange and black, and the shaggy canes were a tumult of avian chatter.
Jaffe was also the IFRAO representative of the SocietA  Cooperativa Archaeologica, Le Orme della€™Uomo, Italy (Bednarik 1994). But not before signing controversial non-disclosure agreements with the EDP, which was hoping that their techniques would yield dates so recent that they could be used to ridicule stylistic daters who had identified the engravings as Paleolithic (Baptista & Fernandes 2007, p.
I take a lot of criticism for being an outspoken Republican (I'm NOT anti-gay marriage or pro-life though), for wearing waist trainers and even for making a living off of social media.
That being said, I was pretty excited to see which brands would be making their debut at TechStyleNYC! If you live on the West Coast, keep reading because I have details on an amazing fit event happening out there as well. They either burnt out or broke after 1 drop and then it was back to the Apple store for a new one. Find out what's in store for you and please check out this Facebook Invitation (where I'd love for you to RSVP).
I want you to be informed on all the possibilities of fitness instead of believing bogus stories that discourage you. My aunt is no stranger to disease as a survivor of Melanoma tumors and having recently lost her beloved husband to Esophageal cancer, so I decided to take heed and do a little research of my own. Intermittent splashes smacked echoes off the walls, a frog croaked and some beast keened a cry we had never heard.
When I asked if they could intercede on our behalf, she said one had to apply in person, in Lisbon, and have connections.
In fact, paw prints indicated that we had missed cornering another feral dog or fox in its lair. Surgically, it was a nightmare: I'd have to pry its head out, keep its neck extended, wedge open its powerful beak and finally thrust the treble barbs down its throat, so as to carefully extract their burr, without snagging them again!
Finally, they agreed that one of them would walk parallel to us, down the fence-line, to let us in the distant gate. At our feet, frogs skipped like pebbles and painted turtles rowed earnestly in tangled water blossoms - all for the taking. Unless you and I and all of us together add our voices to those of the Portuguese citizenry trekking down for a last look, and reclaim what is OURS! The story of the denunciation is from Bednarik (1994) and Simons in the New York Times (1994). Even if it doesn't (and if so, I'm jealous that you've mastered being a sane packer), I think this tip might come in handy. Many thanks to Altchek MD for all the attention and for making my skin look so great at 36 years old. Even the Chauvet Cave, which was unknown, might have been threatened by the changing water table! Unfortunately, Bednarik, who is one of the worlda€™s most encyclopedically informed, accomplished, and bold prehistorians, walked right into the trap.
Jorgea€™s utter dismissal of Bednarik was clearly motivated by the lattera€™s implicit condemnation of the way that Jorge had appropriated Rebandaa€™s earlier discovery at Mazouco, instigating Rebandaa€™s secrecy that was one component of the CA?a a€?cover-upa€? (Bednarik 1994, p. As I get older, I realize how important it is to poke around and get the inside scoop instead of just taking things at face value.
People are always judging but that's OK, I enjoy the path less traveled if it sparks my curiosity. Around the time I turned 12, my dad took me to get a "Mariah Carey" perm because I wanted Mariah's exact hair from her music video Someday. You'll eventually find yourself clicking on every square on his instagram profile much like I did. Ia€™m a sleeveless-outfit-kind-of-girl and my issue is finding a bra that makes the area where my underarm and side boob meet look shapely. Later, Bednarik spear-headed another campaign to save a Portuguese rock-art assemblage from inundation a€“ this time behind a dam in the Guadiana Valley - and noted that a€?None of this helps the rock art of the Guadiana, condemned to inundation under billions of tonnes of lake sediment as the reservoir silts up over the next 70 yearsa€? a€“ again, my italics. So I've whipped out a larger magnifying glass (aka camera and corresponding film team) and started doing a lot more poking around than usual. Ita€™s frustrating when you work out as much as I do to maintain an athletic physique, to look in the mirror and spot a bulge protruding from under your arm! I discovered there's a lot out there in the world of iPhone cases, and with a brand new iPhone 6 on my hands, I began to test.
Do you think I'm such a fool as to invite the man who deprived me of the credit for my first discovery, to come see my greatest wonders if it wasn't because I needed all the allies I could get; if it wasn't because I even needed the universities to help save them. Ironically, the mandarin in Porto would come out smelling like roses for his campaign while the roles of several well-meaning prehistorians, if I may insist upon the word, were simplified so as to make them better scapegoats. First, because his dating system, which was based on determining the degree of micro-erosion undergone by a rock face, had been developed in Australia, where climate and geological conditions are different from Portugala€™s. So I reached out to him to express my fandom and whadayaknow, he's the nicest guy on earth! This odd statement flies in the face of Bednarika€™s consistent defense of both the CA?aa€™s art and other assemblages, suggesting that it was a ploy to get the EDP to allow them to test their methods. Even though both men concluded that their observations proved that the art was no older than the Neolithic, Bednarik did not repeat the notion, when announcing his results, that a relatively recent vintage diminished the arta€™s importance or the need to protect it a€“ quite the contrary.



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