Hypothyroidism can become a very serious condition if left untreated because of the potential complications that may occur with the condition as it continues to progress. Hypothyroidism in children is rare, but when it happens it can result in brain damage, especially among infants with resulting symptoms of intellectual disability and delayed in motor development. When the thyroid gland becomes inflamed, leaving a significant amount of tissue damage, the gland is unable to carry out its function of producing enough hormones to sustain bodily functions. This is carried out in order to regulate the hyperactive production of the thyroid hormones by the thyroid gland which is a condition called hyperthyroidism. Some may complain of the serious symptoms of the condition while others may not be symptomatic at all. The presence of the condition among pregnant women increases the risk for pre-term delivery, pre-eclampsia and miscarriage.
However, it is rarely a life threatening condition once prompt treatment is obtained, otherwise complications like a heart failure and coma can occur.
Most of the time, medication like synthetic thyroxine is prescribed which is a hormonal drug similar to the hormone T4 which is secreted by the thyroid gland. Dietary supplements are also available such as those supplying iodine to the body which is an essential mineral for the thyroid gland.
The resulting consequence is there is not enough portion of the gland to supply the body with thyroid hormones. Certain medications are also identified to result in hypothyroidism with prolonged treatment. It can also have a negative effect on the fetal development of the baby and may result in the slow brain development. It can affect the quality of life that the person lives, however as the person with hypothyroidism easily gets tired and feel fatigued. In adults, untreated hypothyroidism can result in coma, heart failure, difficulty in breathing and stroke.
Foods rich in iodine can also help the body obtain adequate supply of iodine to support the proper functioning of the thyroid gland. When the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormones, vital functions of the body will be affected including an unregulated metabolic process in the body. Some procedures consist of removal of bothersome nodules on the throat without actually causing any injury or removal of the thyroid gland.
A defective pituitary gland is also attributed to hypothyroidism where there is a normal thyroid gland, but the brain center called the pituitary gland that controls its functional activities does not produce the thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) which is insufficient enough to trigger the function of the thyroid gland.
The drugs are known to interfere with the ability of the thyroid gland to produce hormones.
It is important to inform your doctor if you are pregnant about an existing hypothyroidism in order that your doctor can prescribe an appropriate medication for your condition.
Moreover, existing medical conditions are also considered prior to the prescription of the drug. About 10 million Americans are afflicted with this common type of endocrine disorder and the majority of which are women. Known drugs to have a long term side effects of hypothyroidism are lithium (indicated for bipolar disorder), amiodarone (a medication for heart disease), interleuikin-2 (for kidney cancer treatment) and interferon (which is a cancer medication. Postpartum hypothyroidism also occurs, but are usually under diagnosed for being mistaken as postpartum blues.
Hypothyroidism is a disease that needs the proper medical treatment because the failure of the body to regulate the metabolism will result in decreased organ functions and low energy. Using iodized salt when preparing a meal can also provide supply of iodine to help the thyroid gland to carry out its functions more efficiently.
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