How does the information in my sources mesh with my research questions and help me answer those questions? In this section, you will reflect on your research and review the information you have gathered. Review the research questions and working thesis you developed in Chapter 11 "Writing from Research: What Will I Learn?", Chapter 11, Section 2 "Steps in Developing a Research Proposal".
At this point in the research process, you have gathered information from a wide variety of sources.
While working through Chapter 11 "Writing from Research: What Will I Learn?", Chapter 11, Section 4 "Strategies for Gathering Reliable Information", you used strategies to filter out unreliable or irrelevant sources and details.
Is the link between this information and my thesis obvious—or will I need to explain it to my readers?
It can be tempting to ignore information that does not support your thesis or that contradicts it outright. As you find connections between your ideas and information in your sources, also look for information that connects your sources.
As Jorge reviewed his research, he realized that some of the information was not especially useful for his purpose.
A careful analysis of your notes will help you reevaluate your working thesis and determine whether you need to revise it. You may be wondering how your ideas are supposed to shape the paper, especially since you are writing a research paper based on your research. The final step to complete before beginning your draft is to choose an organizational structure. Review the organizational structures discussed in this section and Chapter 10 "Rhetorical Modes". As you complete step 2, you may find that some points are too complex to explain in a sentence.
Review your notes and determine how the different pieces of information fit into your outline as supporting points.
The structures described in this section and Chapter 10 "Rhetorical Modes" can also help you organize information in different types of workplace documents. An effective research paper focuses on presenting the writer’s ideas using information from research as support. Effective writers spend time reviewing, synthesizing, and organizing their research notes before they begin drafting a research paper. It is important for writers to revisit their research questions and working thesis as they transition from the research phase to the writing phrase of a project. To organize a research paper, writers choose a structure that is appropriate for the topic and purpose. There is significant controversy regarding low-carb diets and little consensus within scientific community on the impact of low-carb diets on health. There is a common misconception that to lose weight you have to cut out carbs completely because carbohydrates cause fat storage.
Another great advantage to low carb diets is that it cuts out the large amounts of starches and sugars that have crept into our diets and now make up most of what we eat. The other problem with eliminating or drastically reducing your carbohydrate intake is that your body adapts to the low levels of carbohydrates it is receiving, becoming more efficient at burning fat. If carbs have been severely restricted, your body is also forced to produce ketone bodies to supply energy to parts of the body that cannot use fat as an energy source. Instead of severely restricting carbs or cutting them out completely, a moderate reduction will suffice.
For those you are very carbohydrate sensitive and have had problems losing the fat or those who have reached a fat loss plateau this may be an approach to try. Having high and low carbohydrate days avoids the “side-effects” of a low carbohydrate diet and avoids your body from adapting to the low carbohydrate intake. Also, if your weight loss is progressing there is no need to reduce carbs or try carb cycling. Over the years, the media has begun to promote low carbohydrate diets in an increased manner.
However, as is true for every diet plan, the low carbohydrate diet must also be embarked upon only after consulting a doctor or a professional. This low carbohydrate diet plan is thought to one of the first diet plans that incorporate a reduced consumption of carbohydrates. This low carbohydrate diet was first discovered in the mid 90’s and advocates the restriction of those carbohydrates that are refined in nature. A number of books are available that present details and explanations of low carbohydrate diets.
Low carbohydrate diets all support the belief that fresh fruits and vegetables are essential and must be included in a regular diet plan. Is there a link between a low carb diet and diabetes? Carbs are a great source of energy for the body. When we eat carbs, they are broken down into glucose, the source of energy for the body.
Low carb diets are believed to be the best choice of diet to prevent or control diabetes. Therefore a low carb diet and diabetes are linked, and a low carb diet could be beneficial for people living with diabetes. Several studies reveal that a low carbohydrate diet can be beneficial for people with diabetes. With a low-carb diet there’s a greater chance for the control and prevention of diabetes. A low carb diet can reduce the risk of certain complications associated with diabetes, such as heart disease, kidney, eye and foot damage, and skin conditions by lowering the blood glucose levels. Following a low carb diet can reduce the need for diabetic medications by reducing blood sugar and insulin levels, improving insulin resistance and promoting weight loss. The best way to control or prevent type 2 diabetes and the complications associated with it is to be aware of the foods we consume. A low carb diet is definitely a great option for people living with diabetes to assist in lowering and maintaining the balance of their blood sugar levels. You have gathered much of the information you will use, and soon you will be ready to begin writing your draft.
Have any additional important questions or subtopics come up that I will need to address in my paper?
Set a timer for ten minutes and write about your topic, using your questions and thesis to guide your writing.
You take notes on any information that looks like it might help you answer your research questions.
They look at multiple perspectives, facts, and ideas related to their topic, and they gather a great deal of information.
Now you will apply your critical-thinking skills to the information you recorded—analyzing how it is relevant, determining how it meshes with your ideas, and finding how it forms connections and patterns.
A project team may spend months conducting market surveys to prepare for rolling out a new product, but few managers have time to read the research in its entirety.
The process of writing informally helped you see how you might begin to pull together what you have learned from your research. Mark or group these, either physically or using the cut-and-paste function in your word-processing program. Remember, you have spent more time thinking and reading about this topic than your audience. If you have amassed solid support from a reputable source, such as a scholarly journal, there is no need to cite the same facts from an online encyclopedia article that is many steps removed from any primary research. For instance, if one source cites a startling fact that you cannot confirm anywhere else, it is safe to dismiss the information as unreliable. His notes included several statements about the relationship between soft drinks that are high in sugar and childhood obesity—a subtopic that was too far outside of the main focus of the paper. Remember that your working thesis was the starting point—not necessarily the end point—of your research. You have a sense of what major ideas to address in your paper, what points you can easily support, and what questions or subtopics might need a little more thought. Ask yourself whether the sources are reliable and whether the connections between ideas are clear. Integrating your ideas and your information from research is a complex process, and sometimes it can be difficult to separate the two. Working with the notes you organized earlier, follow these steps to begin planning how to organize your paper. Consider whether any major sections of your outline need to be broken up and jot down additional topic sentences as needed. Examine your classmate’s outline and see if any questions come to mind or if you see any area that would benefit from an additional point or clarification. For instance, medical incident reports and police reports follow a chronological structure.
Foods high in carbohydrates, such as bread and pasta are restricted and replaced with protein rich foods (e.g.
Few studies have shown that low-carb diets may adversely affect health, while other research suggests that it may positively influence diseases such as diabetes, cancer and autism. That is, if you ate 200 calories worth of protein, carbohydrate or fat, you would feel most satisfied after eating the protein.
It isn’t normal or natural for humans to be consuming the large quantities of refined carbohydrates that we indulge in today. So, your body catches on to the low carbohydrate intake and when you reintroduce normal amounts of carbohydrate into your diet you pile the weight back on.
The foods people eat day-to-day tend to be high in carbohydrates making it impossible for the body to burn all the carbohydrates eaten, let alone protein and fat. Meals comprising of around 50% carbohydrates (mainly complex carbs) of total calories is a good place to start. This method involves dramatically decreasing carbohydrate intake for three days to a level that would be difficult to maintain for long periods of time, whilst increasing protein intake, followed by an raise of carbohydrates for one day.
Stick with what is working for you and should you hit a weight loss plateau, then try other avenues. It also increases the levels of HDL- that is, the kind of cholesterol that is good for the body.
Low carbohydrate diets are an excellent way to improve and reduce the levels of glucose in the blood stream without resorting to medication. The low carbohydrate diet must especially be supervised by a doctor if one has health problems.
The reason being that these carbs are absorbed by the body in the same way as sugar products are absorbed. It advocates the belief that if you create a balance between sugar levels, you will not only lose weight but also lead a healthier life. It is based on the fact that complex carbohydrates are tempting to consume and are addictive. Contrary to popular belief, they are not based on the consumption of high fat and do not endorse the consumption of only meat. However now I am almost an adult, and I realize that I cannot continue to eat this way without becoming a diabetic or get a heart attack or something terrible.
By reducing the intake of carbohydrates, blood glucose and insulin levels will go way down and you’ll have no need for all of that insulin. Low carb diets have been shown to reduce blood sugar levels, promote weight loss and improve heart health. Since the diet doesn’t have to be too restrictive, low carbing can be easily incorporated into your lifestyle. It’s well-known that consuming carbohydrates causes our blood sugar and insulin levels to rise. Controlling blood glucose levels through a low carb diet can help prevent these complications. Reducing the intake of carbohydrates will result in lower blood glucose and insulin levels. The writer’s original question and thesis may be buried in a flood of disconnected details taken from research sources. Often, new ideas and terms come up in your reading, and these, too, find their way into your notes. As you identify the crucial details that support your thesis, make sure you analyze them critically. We all have personal opinions and experiences that influence our reactions to what we read and learn.
If a given source adds nothing new to your discussion and you can cite a stronger source for the same information, use the stronger source. However, if you find significant disagreements among reliable sources, you will need to review them and evaluate each source. You may decide that the source is unreliable or the information is not relevant, or you may decide that it is an important point you need to bring up.
In short, you have begun the process of synthesizing information—that is, of putting the pieces together into a coherent whole. Analyze how your notes relate to your major research question and the subquestions you identified in Chapter 11 "Writing from Research: What Will I Learn?", Chapter 11, Section 2 "Steps in Developing a Research Proposal".
As you work, begin jotting down the big ideas you will use to connect the dots for your reader. You should also include sentences and transitions that show the relationship between different facts from your research by grouping related ideas or pointing out connections or contrasts. For instance, if you are asked to explore the impact of a new communications device, a cause-and-effect structure is obviously appropriate. For each major section of your outline, write out a topic sentence stating the main point you will make in that section.
If the company must choose between two vendors to provide a service, you might write an e-mail to your supervisor comparing and contrasting the choices. When a normal diet is resumed, some of the lost muscle tissue is rebuilt, water is restored and weight quickly returns, but mostly as fat. Unfortunately, diets high in protein and fats are associated with abdominal obesity, as well as obesity-related disorders such as heart disease, diabetes and cancer. At this point a person is in a state of ketosis and is noticeable characterized by smelly breath (acetone like smell equivalent to nail varnish) and side-effects such as fatigue and nausea. However, everyone is unique and some may do better with more, others with less. Endomorphs especially tend to be sensitive to carbohydrates and may have to reduce this percentage further.
Even though a number of diets exists and are different from each other, they are similar in a number of ways. It advocates the consumption of those food products that are rich in nutrients and support the belief that whole foods are most nutritional than processed foods. This can be achieved by increasing the consumption of vegetables that are high in fiber, unsaturated fats and also lean meats. Following a low carb diet means fewer carbs in our system and therefore less insulin is produced in response to the change in blood sugar levels.
When writing a research paper, writers synthesize information to arrive at new ideas or conclusions., or put together, different pieces of information that help you answer your research questions. Base your writing on the overall impressions and concepts you have absorbed while conducting research.
You may record facts or quotations that catch your attention even if they did not seem immediately relevant to your research question.
If most of the details that support your thesis are from less-reliable sources, you may need to do additional research or modify your thesis.
More often, however, you will need to provide the analysis or explanation that shows how the information supports your thesis. More importantly, it can help you question and refine your own thinking so that writing your research paper is a true learning process. What key terms or major concepts come up in most of your sources regardless of whether the sources agree on the finer points? Even if your sources generally confirmed your preliminary thinking on the topic, it is still a good idea to tweak the wording of your thesis to incorporate the specific details you learned from research. Synthesizing information is a complex, demanding mental task, and even experienced researchers struggle with it at times. The result is that you are not simply presenting information; you are synthesizing, analyzing, and interpreting it. In other cases, you will need to determine the structure based on what suits your topic and purpose. Understanding when and how to use each organizational structure can help you write workplace documents efficiently and effectively. These higher levels of blood sugar, repeated spikes in blood sugar following high carb meals and greater levels of insulin are thought to cause the body to function sub-optimally, promoting diseases such as type 2 diabetes, atherosclerosis (fatty blood vessels), coronary heart disease and possibly even cancer. Compelling research also suggests that these types of carbohydrates are associated with weight gain and obesity. What you are left with is a decrease in muscle tissue, which will lead to a decrease in the number of calories you need every day to maintain your weight, thus making it significantly harder to keep your weight under control when you stop following the low carb diet. The leftover carbohydrates are converted to fat and get stored around your hips, thighs and other trouble spots.
For example- all are based on the basic principle that white food must be eliminated from the dieter’s diet plan. This can lead to a number of problems such as diabetes, obesity as well as high blood pressure.
This low carbohydrate plan allows you to bring down the level of high insulin and also results in weight loss. Finally, you will determine the organizational structure that works best for your paper and begin planning your outline. They include details that develop or explain their ideas—and they leave out details that do not. As you read through your notes, jot down ideas you have for making those connections clear. Identifying these connections will help you identify important ideas to discuss in your paper.
As you proceed, you might identify some important subtopics that were not part of your original plan, or you might decide that some questions are not relevant to your paper.
Add and answer new questions as appropriate.) You might record these big ideas on sticky notes or type and highlight them within an electronic document. For more information about the structures used in writing, see Chapter 10 "Rhetorical Modes". Furthermore, research suggests that high carb diets may be damaging to health and that some restriction of carb intake will reduce the risk of disease and aid weight loss and weight control. It means you are challenging yourself to work thoughtfully with your topic instead of simply restating the same information. This method also prevents your body from switching into starvation mode and avoids your body from adapting to the low quantities of carbohydrates that it is receiving by slowing your metabolism, decreasing thyroid hormone output etc. Another similarity is that all of them encourage dieters to consume whole foods instead of those that have been processed. So I'm looking for an exercise and eating program that would help me eat right, because I need structure, otherwise I will just buy junk and eat it.
Therefore, low carb diets essentially boil down to low carb dietscalories in versus calories out. One must keep in mind that while low carbohydrate diets do reduce the intake of carbs, they do not eliminate them totally.
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