By following a diet with less total fat, low saturated fat, and low-cholesterol, you can help control your blood cholesterol and reduce your risk of heart attack and stroke. A family history of heart disease, a diet high in saturated fat and cholesterol, smoking, lack of exercise and obesity can all contribute to your risk of hardening of the arteries. Iron is a part of the blood-oxygen delivery system, and without proper levels of iron, you may begin to feel the weakening effects of low iron; tired all of the time, pale, listless and irritable. Heme iron is absorbed better than non-heme iron, so it is best to eat non-heme iron with heme iron to increase absorption. To increase the potassium in your diet, try to eat at least 2 high and 2 medium potassium fruits along with 1 medium potassium vegetable each day (see attached food lists). Eat or drink the foods listed in Group I (green) as often as you like while following an eating plan to stay at a good body weight. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute created the Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes (TLC) diet especially for people with high levels of LDL (the bad cholesterol).The diet caps the percentage of calories you take in from fat, and also places limits on sodium, dietary cholesterol, and total calories.
The material in this site is intended to be of general informational use and is not intended to constitute medical advice, probable diagnosis, or recommended treatments. Divided among three meals and two snacks, low-fat meals should have about 12 to 15 grams of fat per meal with two snacks of about two to five grams of fat each.
If you eat fewer calories than 2,000, then you will want to adjust your fat intake accordingly. For vegetarian, substitute 3 ounces chopped low-fat tofu for chicken and non-fat soy yogurt for non-fat yogurt.
This diet can help those with high blood pressure, heart failure, kidney disease, or other conditions in which swelling or fluid retention can occur. Even if you do not add salt while cooking or do not use the salt shaker at the table, you are probably eating too much sodium. A low-sodium diet can help you feel better and may even keep you out of the hospital. To help you, here are a list of foods and their sodium contents.
Individuals with high triglycerides may also need to reduce foods high in sugar or refined carbohydrate, and avoid alcohol. Not just for exercise, but for everyday life: brushing your teeth energy, walking up the stairs energy, going to work energy, baking cookies energy. If you do not eat animal products, you will need to eat twice as much non-heme iron rich foods.
The following recommendations for low-fat menus are based on the MyPlate suggested 2,000 calories per day.
Stick with grilled sandwiches made from white meat poultry, pile on the veggies, leave off the mayo and cheese, and have fruit or a salad without dressing for a side. The best snacks are raw fruits and veggies, but when you want something more, consider some of the following low-fat snacks. However, because of the high fat content of nuts and seeds, limit them to an ounce or less per day. Instead of snacking on processed foods that are labeled "low-fat" or "fat-free," stick with whole natural foods like fruits, vegetables, and healthy whole grains.
By making smart choices and planning meals and snacks, you'll be well on your way to low-fat living. That is because we eat processed foods, like frozen dinners, fast foods, boxed noodle rice dishes, canned soups, and canned vegetables. When reading food labels, low sodium is defined as 140mg of sodium per serving, 400mg or more is high.
Potassium-rich foods may be needed if you are taking certain medications such as some types of diuretics (water pills), or if you have a medical condition that is causing you to need extra potassium. In the following slideshow, we've put together a day's sample menu that sticks to the TLC guidelines yet gives plenty of love to your taste buds. Although fruits and vegetable tend to contain the most potassium, listed below are other examples of foods that contain large amounts of potassium.
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