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In 1960 British and Commonwealth forces finally succeeded in defeating a Communist revolt in Malaya.
The Communists of the MNLA were jungle based and supported by the impoverished Chinese population.
The initial British reaction to the crisis was to introduce emergency legislation, allowing suspects to be detained without trial.
In 1950 Lieutenant-General Sir Harold Briggs was appointed Director of Operations in Malaya. In an effort to split the active insurgents from their passive supporters, Chinese squatters were rehoused in purpose built new villages. Despite British attempts to cut off the link between the guerrillas and the Chinese community, fighting continued.
General Templer placed great emphasis on the need to win the 'hearts and minds' of the population.
The flow of new information allowed the British to take the offensive against the MNLA in jungle operations that usually called for stealth and a high degree of patience. From 1954 there were normally 24 infantry battalions in Malaya from a wide variety of Commonwealth countries, including the 2nd Battalion The Royal Australian Regiment and 1st Battalion The New Zealand Regiment.
In August 1957 the Federation of Malaya was granted independence and the insurrection lost its rationale as a war of colonial liberation.
During operations in the Far East the British Army was convinced it needed a lighter, handier rifle for use in the jungle. This belt was captured during the Malayan Emergency and illustrates the type of kit used by the Communist guerrillas. The Owen was an indigenous Australian design developed in 1942 and widely used in World War Two.
Developed as a tropicalised and lightweight man-pack the No 88 set was carried in two webbing pouches, one containing the radio and the other the battery. The M2, unlike its semi-automatic predecessor the M1 carbine, provided full automatic fire when needed, controlled by a single switch.
In February 1952, following the assassination of the local High Commissioner, Templer was sent to Malaya to assume control of both the civil government and military campaign. During the Malaya Emergency jungle patrols were always seeking to supplement their firepower.
This shop uses cookies and other technologies so that we can improve your experience on our sites. Combat service support elements arm, fuel, fix, feed, equip, and provide health service support, transportation, and personnel for the reconnaissance platoon. This paragraph focuses on specific individual responsibilities within the platoon's CSS chain. Participating in CSS rehearsals at the company or battalion level and integrating CSS into the platoon's maneuver rehearsals.
Receiving, consolidating, and forwarding all administrative, personnel, and casualty reports to the first sergeant as directed or IAW unit SOP.
Obtaining supplies, equipment (except Class VIII), and mail from the supply sergeant and ensuring proper distribution. Using the FBCB2 system for recurring reports and coordination of CSS assets moving forward. Compiling personnel and logistics reports for the platoon and submitting them to the platoon sergeant as directed or IAW unit SOP.
Obtaining supplies, equipment (all classes), and mail from the platoon sergeant and ensuring proper distribution. Requisitioning Class VIII supplies, including combat lifesaver bags and first-aid kits, for the platoon's combat lifesavers. Resupply operations fall into one of three classifications: routine, emergency, or prestock. The platoon order should state the sequence for moving teams or portions of teams out of position.
If resupply elements cannot move near platoon positions, platoon members may need to help the resupply personnel move supplies and equipment forward.
The platoon's combat load varies by mission and includes the supplies physically carried into the fight. Ensures all platoon weapons, equipment, and vehicles (NVDs, mine detectors, communications equipment) are combat-ready or reported as non-mission-capable to the commander. Ensures equipment and soldiers have the appropriate technical manuals (TMs) and that soldiers are trained and supervised during maintenance operations.


Ensures unit-level PMCS are performed on assigned equipment IAW the appropriate operator TMs. Coordinates with the designated maintenance element for operator-level repair and requests organizational-level and DS-level maintenance. Collects and consolidates the platoon's maintenance status in the field and gives the appropriate reports to maintenance personnel. Ensures soldiers receive proper training in PMCS procedures and that they perform PMCS on equipment IAW the applicable TM.
Recovery is required when equipment or vehicles are damaged and cannot be quickly repaired on site. When combat begins and casualties occur, the platoon first must provide initial treatment to those wounded in action (WIA).
Before the platoon evacuates casualties to the CCP or beyond, leaders should remove all key operational items and equipment from their persons.
Evacuation of multiple casualties makes the platoon combat ineffective since dismounted soldiers must move the casualty from the injury site to the RV for evacuation.
Check hands and feet regularly to avoid trench foot, blisters, frostbite, or immersion foot.
Duties and responsibilities of key personnel in planning and executing casualty evacuation.
The emergency permit was issued in anticipation of Hurricane Sandy and its impact on the coast.
The Association performed work and discharged dredged material below the high tide line (HTL) of waters of the U.S. The work area is directly in front of One Southern Boulevard and 25 and 27 Annapolis Way in Newbury. Posted on November 21, 2012 with tags Americas, Army, corps, Emergency, island, issues, News, Permit, Plum, Project, USA.
There are any number of ways you can help us raise the funds we need to deliver our programs. On average, The Salvation Army Emergency Services attend an emergency at least once every day of the year. The campaign was one of the few successful counter-insurgency operations undertaken by the Western powers. The Malayan National Liberation Army (MNLA), the armed wing of the Malayan Communist Party (MCP), began attacking rubber plantations, mines and police stations, derailing trains and burning workers' houses.
Although many Chinese lived in the cities, others, known as 'squatters', lived at the fringes of the jungle and could aid the guerrillas.
The guerrillas had the benefit of local knowledge whilst the British Army was hampered by a lack of good intelligence.
He realised the importance of isolating the guerrillas from their sources of food and creating a sense of security in populated areas so that people would be more willing to provide information. He continued to build new settlements and promised independence once the guerrillas had been defeated. Developed from 1944 onwards, the No 5 was basically a lightweight and shortened version of the No 4 Rifle, with a large flash eliminator on the muzzle.
It was much more reliable than the Sten which was regarded with suspicion by many soldiers particularly when used on jungle patrols. Once there, he combined vigorous military operations against the insurgents' jungle bases with political reforms designed to win the 'hearts and minds' (Templer is credited with coining this phrase) of the Malayan community. Based on the nature of the operation and specific tactical factors, what types of support will the platoon need? Will the tempo of the mission permit support elements to conduct resupply operations in relative safety? Based on information developed during the CSS planning process, which resupply technique should the platoon use: routine, emergency, or prestock? This class includes clothing, individual equipment, MOPP suits, tentage, tool sets, and administrative and housekeeping supplies and equipment. This class includes personal-demand items normally sold through the exchange system, which can include candy, soaps, cameras, and film. This class includes repair parts and documents required for equipment maintenance operations. This class includes materials to support nonmilitary programs such as agricultural and economic development. During reconnaissance, the platoon can establish cache points along the intended routes of advance or near the objective.


During security operations, the reconnaissance platoon can set up cache points throughout the AO. The following criteria should be considered when planning to use caches or pre-position supply points. The total area below the high tide line where beach scraping was done is approximately 35,000 square feet.
Still studied today, the Emergency provides many important lessons on how such campaigns should be conducted. The term 'emergency' rather than 'war' was used because insurers would not have compensated plantation and mine owners if the latter label had been used.
Malaya's original military garrison consisted of six Gurkha, three British and two Malay battalions. The authorities were able to prevent the guerrillas from disrupting the economy, overrunning towns or controlling territory but they were unable to completely stop their activities. He also persuaded the High Commissioner, Sir Henry Gurney, to set up committees containing representatives of all civil and military agencies involved in the campaign so that a co-ordinated response to the guerrillas could be formulated.
Shortly after this, Briggs retired and General Sir Gerald Templer was appointed both Director of Operations and High Commissioner. As they were largely made up of National Servicemen they usually had a proportion of new troops who had to be taught how to live and fight in the tropical forests. It continued in use after World War Two, but problems with the fearsome recoil and the zeroing of the sights meant it was not a popular weapon.
The leather pouch is probably Chinese in origin and the associated parang, or knife, was locally made.
During the Malayan Emergency it was useful for communications with aircraft making supply drops in jungle clearings.
As the Malayan Emergency developed it became a much sought after weapon amongst British units as it offered high firepower in jungle engagements. The platoon leader begins development of his CSS plan by determining exactly what he has on hand to accurately predict his support requirements. If no lulls are expected, how can the platoon best minimize the danger to the CSS vehicles providing the required support? Occasionally (normally during combat operations), the platoon might have such an urgent need for resupply that it cannot wait for a routine LOGPAC. In defensive operations and at some other times, as appropriate, the platoon most likely will need prestocked supplies, also known as pre-positioned or "cached" resupply.
The guerrillas were frequently arrested or killed as they approached them in search of food. He embraced Briggs' ideas with energy, ensuring that a co-ordinated command structure was established.
He also involved the local population in the fight against the guerrillas by increasing the number of Malay battalions and strengthening the Home Guard raised to defend the new villages.
Training occurred at a Jungle Warfare School, which also worked out the best tactics based on experience gained in the field. When an area had been swept it was designated a 'White Area' and restrictions on the local population were lifted, encouraging them to oppose the return of any insurgents. Although declared an obsolete in July 1947 it continued to be used in Malaya in the 1950s, where the American M2 carbine eventually supplemented it.
Although its cartridge had no great stopping power it was adequate for short-range actions and its lightness and reliability in humid conditions made it a successful jungle weapon. When he relinquished his post in October 1954, government control over most of the country had been re-established. Many guerrillas surrendered, but these techniques took time to perfect and the insurgents were able to continue their campaign.
In Malaya it was available in considerable numbers and often provided most of a patrol's firepower.
Templer was appointed Chief of the Imperial General Staff in 1955, and created a Field Marshal in 1956. As the new policies began to take effect, the flow of information to the security forces increased.



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