Best national geographic explorer episodes spanish,rare earth magnetic fluid,usa today power grid attack - Downloads 2016

From solo diving to the ocean's deepest point to uncovering a hidden sea monster, National Geographic explorers have had an eventful and exciting 2012. Those who were anxious about the 2012 Maya-predicted apocalypse need not worry thanks to a discovery made by archaeologist Bill Saturno.
One of this year's biggest moments in exploration occurred when Explorer-in-Residence James Cameron performed a record-breaking solo dive to the bottom of the Mariana Trench, over seven miles below the surface of the ocean. High up in the Cordillera Blanca and Cordillera Huayhuash mountains in Peru, Sergiu Jiduc spent about a month re-creating photographs from similar expeditions in 1936 and 1939. This charismatic triggerfish was just one of the creatures Explorer-in-Residence Enric Sala encountered on his journey to the Pitcairn Islands this year. In Punta Tombo, Argentina, biologist Dee Boersma shared a special moment with an inhabitant of the local penguin colony. A recent field expedition became an opportunity for photographer Josh Howard to spend time with the person who originally sparked his interest in his craft: his father, pictured above. When eco-epidemiologist Christopher Golden works in Madagascar, he can be found doing anything from collecting human blood samples to observing forest resource extractions like bat or bush pig hunts. What started out as a simple canyoneering trip soon became Eric Leifer's favorite adventure of 2012—and one of the best of his life thus far. In 2012, cultural educator Aziz Abu Sarah began leading a National Geographic expedition that focuses on the history and culture of the Holy Land. At the heart of our explorers program is the quest for knowledge through exploration and the people who make it possible. Browse our different areas of exploration and discover the fascinating people behind the projects. Underground you can still be the first person on Earth to take the small step, or the giant leap. National Geographic Explorer-in-Residence Enric Sala leads a project that aims to identify and protect the worlda€™s most unspoiled marine environments.
Oceanographer Enric Salaa€”a National Geographic explorer-in-residencea€”encounters an endangered dusky grouper.
Enric Sala, leader of National Geographic's Pristine Seas project, took time out from packing for a voyage to the Galápagos Islands to answer a few questions about his goal to protect the ocean's last wild places. A widely published marine ecologist who grew up on Spain's Mediterranean coast, Sala is seeking to identify isolated places that warrant protection from overfishing. With Pristine Seas, do you get the feeling that it's a race against timea€”that you're trying to protect these least-modified parts of the ocean before fishing fleets or mining corporations reach them? It's so frustrating to go to one of these remote places in the hope that it will be totally pristine, and then see sharks with hooks on their mouths. These places have remained pristine until now because of their remoteness, but there are no remote places anymore.
When you think about the successes of the Pristine Seas projecta€”the marine reserves and other forms of protection your group has been able to achieve through working with governmentsa€”are there any particular marine creatures that you feel you've "made a difference" for? The beauty of these large reserves is that it's actually tens, if not hundreds, of thousands of species that benefit. A gray reef shark patrols the waters surrounding Caroline Island, or Millennium Island, one of several uninhabited and protected islands in the Pacific Ocean.
If you believed in reincarnation, what marine creature would you most want to come back as? There are a few studies that suggest that we need to protect between 20 and 50 percent of the ocean to achieve conservation and productivity goals.
You have said that if the world's big industrial fishing powers were to embrace marine reserves, they could change from being hunters to being shepherds of the sea.
Even if the policy of maximum hunting yield were sustainable, it would still be too damaging, because removing species creates complex changes in the entire ecosystem. Enric Sala and his team of scientists visited Caroline Island and the other southern Line Islands in 2009.


You're an advocate, an activist, a lobbyist, a scientista€”which one is most important to you?
I am a scientist by training, but after ten years as a professor I left academia to become a communicator, film producer, policy wonk, and many other things. Since 1888, National Geographic has supported exploration and discovery, bringing gems like Machu Picchu, undersea wonders, and new species to light.
National Geographic supports groundbreaking scientific fieldwork and critical expeditions through grant programs and public projects. National Geographic launches the Terra Watt prize, which will award grants to projects that expand energy access. The Young Explorers Grants Program awards grants to scientists and explorers between the ages of 18 and 25. Establishing local support for Northern Europeans' research, conservation, and exploration projects.
Here are just a few examples of the work that's left us looking forward to another year of incredible exploration.
A roughly 1,200-year-old home found in Guatemala features wall art and calculations that refer to dates after the December 21 doomsday.
Now, the DEEPSEA CHALLENGE is in its second phase— scientific analysis of the expedition's findings and the production of a 3-D feature film. Following the honey trail in northeastern Turkey, Jaffee spent her days leading tours and learning about the local beekeeping culture. A study led by paleontologists Meave and Louise Leakey unearthed new information about the products of a 40-year search.
By comparing the two sets of photos, Jiduc could document changes in the area caused by an earthquake, human impact, climate change, and other factors.
Sala, along with fellow Explorer-in-Residence Mike Fay, surveyed the islands as part of his Pristine Seas expeditions, which aim to help protect the last undisturbed places in the ocean. While conducting a population census circle by counting all of the active nests within the area, Boersma was joined by Turbo the penguin, a member of the largest Magellanic breeding colony. The animal, which breeds in water-filled tree hole cavities, is currently only known from a single "special tree" in the montane forests located on the island of Sao Tome.
Together the two traveled to Bonaire to document the island's plan to become 100 percent dependent on renewable energy, as well as the beauty of the surrounding marine sanctuary.
This year, Golden organized what he thought was an isolated grid area of study in Makira Natural Park, monitoring different populations of the tenrec.
When Leifer and his team first dropped their ropes into the unknown depths of Hawaii's Mana Creek, they weren't prepared for the true immensity of the route."In the world of exploratory technical canyoneering, once you pull your ropes, the only way out is down. His unique tour explores sites that include the City of David, Masada, the Sea of Galilee, and Jerusalem—all through the eyes of Christians, Muslims, and Jews. This photo originally appeared in the February 2012 Explorer's Journal section of National Geographic magazine. His expedition to Kiribati's southern Line Islands in the remote South Pacific is featured in the September issue of National Geographic magazine.
Swimming over a pavement of giant clams in the lagoon of Millennium Atoll [also called Caroline Island] and diving with 75 gray reef sharks are two of my most vivid memories.
Next is Palau in September this year, where President Remengesau wants to create a very large marine reserve.
I'm thinking about those fishing hooks your dive team found in the mouths of sharks at Millennium Atoll.
People have said to me that we shouldn't tell the world about these places, that we're inviting disaster. Humans protect a certain percentage of the planet, and that justifies total exploitation of the rest. But if I had to choose, I'd say it's the large animals that benefit the mosta€”the sharks and other predators.


Some marine scientists think that 20 percent isn't enough, that maybe we need 50 percent or more. Can you give any examples of countries, or even communities, that have made that transition? The government of Kiribati recently declared a 12-nautical-mile fishing exclusion zone around each of the five tiny islands. I love that book because, more than a century ago, he was already telling us that we were taking too much from the ocean, and he predicted ecological impacts that have since come to pass. They are all important, but just being a scientist or a photographer or an economist does not get the job done. Storms, the sweltering African sun, and limited access to water were all challenges that Jay Simpson overcame when walking over 400 miles on the Rim of Africa Mountain Passage. Cameron hopes that other scientists will continue to explore the Mariana Trench in his custom-built sub.
After joining a farmer for a day harvesting honey in C?ld?r, Jaffee decided to ask if she could camp outside for the night among the beehives."First baffled and then amused, the beekeepers decided to build us a fortress using the empty hives, a ladder, and a tarp for shelter. New fossils found east of Kenya's Lake Turkana confirm that at least three different human species inhabited the same neighborhood at the beginning of humanity. When paleontologist Jorn Hurum's team went ten days on the chilly Island of Spitsbergen—78 degrees North—without making the sought-after discovery, they didn't let the lack of findings bring their spirits down.
Here, he holds a 1939 Alpenverein photograph of Paron Lake—the largest in Cordillera Blanca-while overlooking the lake itself. Together, Sala and Fay examined both land and sea around the islands of Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno. In an opportunity provided by a California Academy of Sciences expedition, biologist Rayna Bell had the chance to visit the tree and see several clutches of the frog's eggs—as well as a few breeding adults of the endemic species.
An unexpected result revealed that tenrecs not only range much farther than expected, but they were also discovered to possess a previously unknown talent—swimming. And in October we are going to remote Rapa Island, in southern French Polynesia, and to the nearby Marotiri islets, which are a few rocks sticking out of the ocean. We give ourselves five more years to try to get as many of these places protected [as we can].
It would be unrealistic to fight for 50 percent right now since only one percent is really protected. To protect the ocean we need all these different disciplinesa€”and morea€”working together.
After walking alone for 15 days before being joined by others to finish the journey, Simpson became the first person to walk the entire route, aiming to excite and educate South African youth about conservation and the environment. We woke up the next morning to the gentle buzzing of Caucasian bees, coming in to check out the interior, and some fresh flower honey from our hosts for breakfast," says Jaffee's colleague Claire Bangser.
The fossils were discovered within six miles of a disputed skull found by Meave's husband in 1972—confirming that the skull represents a new species.
This optimism paid off when, on day 11, the team found the skull of a plesiosaur, solving a 150-year-old mystery surrounding the so far fragmented remains of the genus Colymbosaurus. After 32 hours of exploring the dark chasm—encountering unparalleled natural beauty, spiritual connection, and dire consequences—the team emerged triumphant.
If I can find out about where the last pristine places are, you can be sure that the long-distance fishing fleets already know. And we also need to reduce fishing capacity by half, and eliminate the perverse government subsidies that perpetuate the collapse of marine wildlife. But the fishing lobbies still push for the commoditization of the ocean, where everything is focused on extracting as much as possible.



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