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Moses is to put limits around the mountain so that no one cam go up the mountain or touch the foot.
The Israelites did as Moses commanded them and there was a very loud trumpet blast on the third day. Then, God commanded Moses to bring Aaron up with him but the priests and others must not come up the mountain. In Exodus 19:4, God rescued the Israelites from the Egyptians, like how he bore them on eagle wings and brought them out of Egypt. God commanded Moses to tell the Israelites to consecrate themselves by washing their clothes and abstain from sexual relations. It is an undeniable fact that we live in a technologically advanced world where information is readily available to anyone, anytime and anywhere. In the Business Communication class, BBA 2 students took on a very engaging topic debating whether Social Media does more harm than good or more good than harm. Franklin University Switzerland joined Eden students to workshop global issues hosted by Armando Zanecchia, Professor of Political Science & Int. Armando incorporates Sustainable Development into his curriculum and has been involved in a number of projects supporting African farmers to move from subsistence farming to sustainable agriculture. Eden students were super excited for the opportunity to meet international students and learn about sustainable farming but feared they would have nothing in common. No matter where you come from, culture, age or race, technology has the power to connect us all. A successful entrepreneur I met yesterday grew up with 27 other people in a three-room house in the Langa township. These people are living examples of the kind of transformation that will create a better world. TSiBA strives to build entrepreneurial leaders by igniting young minds who in turn can become agents of social change.
2.Profiling, screening and selecting entrepreneurs for TSiBA’s student consulting project program, done in collaboration with another university in the US.
3.Guiding a micro-finance project, to roll out a pilot to a group of women from Zimbabwe and test the feasibility of the idea. This is a great learning opportunity, and I have a strong sense that this will be an enriching experience.
Live today as though it is your unique, essential mission to be you and to be doing what you do. NB: TSIBA might not be what you expected but it is a blessing in disguise my friends, my advice to all of you is… Embrace the opportunity, make the best out it, learn as much as you could, love as much as you could and always show gratitude… it’s the beginning of the year and you all see each other as just individuals form indigenous places, and trust me!
My name is Sbahle Lujiva, I’m from a small town on the South Coast of KwaZulu Natal called Harding. Today marks the end of my first week at TSiBA, what I’m truly grateful for is the warm welcome I have received.
To celebrate 2015 at the annual staff party Cape Town staff wrote a haiku to capture the magic of TSiBA. Early in 2015 I got an email from my principal challenging me to do an education assignment in Africa. Upon arrival at Cape Town Airport I had a very warm welcome by Reidwaan, the program responsible and my most important contact person at TSiBA. The Centers play a transformative role by empowering beneficiaries to 1) start up their own businesses or obtain suitable employment, 2) take their existing small businesses to the next level to ensure sustainable livelihoods and 3) strengthen small business to enable job creation and growth. At TSiBA, a volunteer is defined as “a person who offers a specified number of hours to TSiBA without expecting remuneration”. As a non-profit tertiary business school, a great deal of their success rests on the ability to utilise the expertise and experience of volunteers from business and civil society.
TSiBA provides orientation, training and on-going support for volunteers who also gain an opportunity for self-development. In 2014 more than 200 individuals from many diverse fields contributed as volunteers – this can be translated into monetary value of more than a R1.2 million in expertise that would otherwise have to be paid for – which is a challenge for a non-profit organisation. TSiBA is an accredited, not-for-profit business school founded in 2004 focusing on leadership and entrepreneurship.
Lerato Bontsi is only 19 years, but she is already a good example of how access to tertiary education is changing lives for South African youth and how #feemustfall is really impacting the younger generation who are struggling with funding. When Lerato speaks about her peers she says that “I know that my level of education makes me different from others who haven’t been exposed to all the different knowledge, practical skills, leadership and self-development that I have learned at TSiBA. With regard to the recent higher education crisis and the #feesmustfall protests Lerato says “in my opinion I support this movement because already a lot of people are sitting at home unable to study further as they are unable to pay for fees.
Lerato continues “With the many challenges that South African youth are faced with today I’m therefore a strong supporter of youth projects and programmes aimed at empowering our youth.
TSiBA Eden did a great job of showcasing our talent at the new Eden Kite Festival held in Karatara which was held as a fundraiser for Masithandane’s respite centre for elderly and frail people that need a hospice type of facility. Under the fastiduous management of Marilyn Meyer, TSiBA Eden Ignition Centre Administrator), our amazing students manned our food, merchandise and veggie stall, marshalled the event and entertained kids all day long. The cool, funky singing style of TSiBA Eden students, Thabo, Wonga and Melikaya, wowed the crowd!
A big TSiBA thank you to Marilyn for taking this on and to Masithandane for including us from the get go! Growing up in a small township in Durban called Ntuzuma, I never thought I would be where I am today and it wasn’t in my plans to travel around the world. Being a student at TSiBA was one of the best experiences of my life; I learnt and grew to become a very independent woman. When I entered the working world I had absolutely no fear because I knew TSiBA and my IPJ work internship experience at Novartis in Switzerland had prepared me well. Today, I’m proud to say I am ending my stay at Unilever as one of the top performing employees and have been awarded a number of accolades which proves that it is not about the size of the university that you came from but how you transform your knowledge and skills into delivering great results with the ambition and hunger to succeed in everything you do. Wherever I go I always remember the important role that TSiBA has played in helping me accomplish my goals.
We have two undergraduate courses: Higher Certificate in Business Administration and Bachelor in Business Administration.
We are looking for talented people who want to work hard to develop their potential and make a difference in the lives of their communities. The closing date is 30 September 2015 and no application fee is applicable if you submit before this date. TSiBA Education is registered with the Department of Higher Education as Tertiary Institution. Step 3: If you meet the minimum requirement on the TET you will then be invited for an interview- again via sms. Sustainable energy is top-of-mind for all South Africans - with high electricity costs, insufficient power capacity and leveraging our abundant sunshine. To inform students about the possibilities of studying further after matric and present possible tertiary institution options as per their career preferences. On the day three institutions were invited but unfortunately only we (TSiBA) and False Bay College were present. I feel that TSiBA students are very unique to other university students and thus I feel that on exhibitions like such; the opportunity to parade and show off “the TSiBA difference” must be exploited. The 2015 TSiBA Eden Alumni Gathering was all about networking and the start of new beginnings. Alumni came from as far as Mount Fletcher, Grahamstown in the Eastern Cape, as well as some Alumni from Johannesburg who are currently working in Unilever’s head office in Sandton, and Cape Town doing their BBA.
TSiBA will host the 8th Northeastern University Summer Programme (NU - USA) which brings together 22 South African entrepreneurs, 44 American students, and 76 local TSiBA students to promote cultural exchange and global entrepreneurial activity.
Students from both universities form consulting teams and are assigned to local entrepreneurs facing unique business challenges where they will help them to develop viable solutions. Entrepreneurs are selected from a wide range of industries like tourism, transportation, wellness, entertainment and community and youth development.. As the programme is too short for the solutions to be implemented by the consulting teams, TSiBA Ignition Centre will continue engaging with these entrepreneurs to support them in growing their businesses to become sustainable. Following their graduation from the European School of Management and Technology (ESMT) in Berlin three MBA graduates Mariana Helguera, Sergey Ten and Sherzod Abdujabborov spent five months volunteering at TSiBA. Mariana Helguera, who worked in the Marketing Department as well as tutoring and lecturing, said “My volunteering experience at TSiBA was one of the most fulfilling experiences of my life, one from which I learned a lot about leadership, motivation, passion, dedication, understanding and patience. I am writing to show you appreciation for the funding that you have offered me throughout this first semester. Besides all the challenges I have gone through while here in Cape Town, I have managed to pass all my modules prior my mid-exam and I have participated in events at school in singing. I have been having challenges with adjusting in terms of accommodation, I would not like to put that as an excuse for the decrease in the level of my performance but it had an impact. I want to urge you to continue presenting these opportunities to other students too like you have done for me, and I promise that my work will speak for itself how appreciative I am. We are very proud to announce that Sergey Ten, our finance and math tutor, finished first in the 5km route AND Sherzod Abdujabborov was placed fifth!
The third event in the 2015 series of the TSiBA Eden Education Trail Run will be held on Saturday 13 June 2015 at Durbanville Hills. Enjoy this special opportunity to run through beautiful vineyards, taste the wines and stand a chance to win prizes sponsored by Durbanville Hills.
This week we had the launch of our first TSiBA Entrepreneurial Activity Pitch and Poster Competition during the Hero Speaker talk.
Students who want to enter the competition will be required to submit a first draft of their poster for their business idea to the Ignition Centre by May 29th. The challenging route follows seven mountain passes, hence the name, lined by beautiful scenery surrounding the Karatara, Homtini, Barrington and Phantom passes via the indigenous forest roads, dairy farms and pine forests. Following discussions with our students it has become apparent that there’s a burgeoning desire to learn cookery skills among the students. Based on stylistic comparisons such as striations inside body contours and the presentation of horns in twisted perspective, several Paleolithic art experts, including the first curator of the Chauvet Cave, Jean Clottes, have accredited the Portuguese friezes to the early Solutrean of about 20,000 years ago3.
In Portugal, the government did the opposite a€“ plunging ahead with a project destined to destroy the nationa€™s oldest cultural heritage by completing a 300-million-dollar dam whose reservoir will flood a valley packed with dozens of art sites spread over at least 17 kilometers. Yet construction continues - even on holidays - and the water is about to rise another hundred meters. A male ibex with his head shown in two positions, as if he were turning to watch the female behind him.
As we drove up to a sentry box perched on the lip of a road into the vast, unnatural gashing of mountains at Foz CA?a, it was hard to tell if the young guard blocking us in a crisp red and gray uniform represented a well-heeled security service or an elite military unit - but it was plain that bluff and sweet talk wouldn't get us far.
The next time the car eased over the knuckles of a road crisscrossed by up-ended strata, past empty huts built just of stacked slabs, and jostled between overhanging and plunging cliffs until an avalanche of tailings from an old quarry almost blocked the path. Here was one of the places of grandeur where our ancestors had first grasped visions and then concretized them by hewing - and sometimes painting - images into rock panels.
As I pushed forward and the river grew shallower, turtles became so numerous that their stacks toppled like circus acts from the brinks of submerged cliffs. As a draftsman, I could feel empathy for the beast flowing into the hands that had etched her. This first frieze stood at a fitting point, practically where the reservoir yielded to the original rapids and long pools of the virgin river. Far away across the moonscape of rutted ramps, knots of men stood before tunnels as fleets of dump trucks, made so tiny by distance that they only gave away their magnitude by over-sized wheels, eased to the brink of platforms, and added avalanches to tailings. Above us, the titanium-white cleanliness of the cement plant's towers stood in bold contrast to the devastation, like a phalanx of gigantic chess-rooks bunched for the kill. According to press articles, the dam-builders had recognized him as the true discoverer of Portugal's first reported Paleolithic engravings, at nearby Mazouco, even though the doctoral student's mentor, Professor Vitor Oliviera Jorge, had stolen his thunder.7 They had given Rebanda a job as their obligatory salvage archaeologist when the new doctor somehow couldn't get a position on a faculty. In return, all he'd had to do was wait till their concrete curtain had gone up and its reservoir had risen into a sea so voluminous and costly that its drainage would have been unthinkable.
My goateed interlocutor smirked as he told me I could try looking for the doctor at the complex built for the previous dam, 15A kilometers downstream. But I'd hit pay dirt: the fact that I might hear Rebanda's mea culpa was more than Ia€™d hoped for. Sebastian elected to wait outside and embarked on Jules Verne's Journey to the Center of the Earth as I knocked at the locked door. Still, I complimented her on her English, sympathized with them for having to put up with this hierarchical bother, and kept spinning innocuous questions, while she kept waiting for me to go.
When Rebanda's secretary came out again, to see if she could get either me a€“ or her boss - to give up as the wait grew embarrassingly long, I asked her what the round silos with tipped roofs on the hills had been used for. But the next time, after they had gotten used to my rounds, I stepped inside and admired a sequence of two eight-foot-tall maps full of pins.
Something was wrong: in addition to the constellations of pins extending for 17 kilometers upstream from the construction site, there were dozens downstream, along the reservoir behind the dam just outside! Finally, so many hours had passed, and she'd informed the doctor so many times that I was still hanging around, that I was forced by the sheer need for new scenery to vary my route, and drifted through empty rooms. The only thing the reports agreed on was that Rebanda had somehow discovered the flooded portion of Canada do Inferno by the previous autumn22 a€“ asking the EDP to lower the Pocinho reservoir by just 3 meters in November 1994 so he could study the engravings.23 a€?They told me it was too expensive,a€? Rebanda had told the New York Times.
So who had shot these photographs, which looked like they had been taken when the sites were dry vegetated hillsides instead of among the muck and bare banks below a fallen waterline?
I realized that the photos of the dry sites might have been taken before the Pocinho Dam, which had flooded them, had even been completed a€“ over 12 years before! UNESCO had suggested Clottes, who, in an uncanny convergence of good and bad karma, was taken on a whirlwind tour of the tip of the iceberg at Canada do Inferno, then immediately whisked to a press conference in Vila Nova do Foz CA?a on Dec 16th, 199428 a€“ just two days before the discovery of the Chauvet Cave that catapulted him, as its first interpreter and protector, from the summit of the French archaeological establishment to world fame. But Clottesa€™ judgement was mixed, confirming that the art could be dated on stylistic grounds to the early Solutrean or even late Gravettian of twenty to twenty-four thousand years ago while suggesting that flooding the valley might be the best way of protecting it, since Portugal was ill-equipped to protect such widely dispersed panels from vandals!29 a€?There is no easy solution,a€? he told a reporter. What the press forgot to emphasize with quite as much fervor was the fact that Clottes had prefaced his Solomonic verdict by saying, a€?Whatever happens, the engravings must be preserved and not be damaged.a€? Clottes might have felt that he could safely pass the buck because no art conservationist could honestly guarantee the engravingsa€™ fate once they were subjected to currents carrying abrasives, burial under the petrifying alluvia that accumulates behind dams,33 and the worlda€™s most destructive solvent a€“ water, which would dissolve pigments and destabilize rock that had proven its resistance to aerial conditions over tens of millennia. While chatting up the gaunt fellow traveller at the construction site, Ia€™d pretended to make small talk by asking engineering questions, including one about the depth of the sediment that had accumulated behind the Pocinho dam. The irony of it was that Clottesa€™ efforts to be honest without irritating his hosts had been the spark that the French diplomats had dreaded. Despite the fact that the great prehistoriana€™s reputation would remain largely intact, and with good reason, in much of the rest of the world,34 the Portuguese intelligentsia began to shun him.
A€ propos of CA?a, two Portuguese rock art researchers, who couldna€™t stomach Clottes after his press conference, ironically echoed him by telling me, confidentially, that flooding the engravings could still be a blessing since it would save them from graffiti and those boogeymen of archaeologistsa€™ dreams, prowling collectors.
My guess is that he was so beleaguered by advisers that he was just trying to get out of an awkward situation as quickly, judiciously and diplomatically as possible. I mentioned to Rebanda that I had just attended the lecture on Chauvet, that I even had a videotape of it right there in my camera. So it's true, I thought, drowning the site was Rebanda's solution to the problem of ownership of photographic rights.
But then, what about Rebanda's self-serving talk of photo credits, not to mention the engravings already submerged by the dam at the doorstep a€“ and his belief that the engravings were doomed to be flooded?
Strangely enough, I could again see it being both ways, since the roots of tragedy are self-deception and entwined motives.
He must have realized that I was rooting for him to pull himself out of his tailspin, because suddenly he decided. Upon leaving, Sebastian asked to check out the Pocinho dam, so I drove round an interchange into an empty parking lot with planters.
As the sun slanted over the plateau into the wilderness of the CA?a valley, I decided to sneak into a side-valley to the north of our campsite that Rebanda's map had cluttered with pins.
Then, after breaching a wall of rushes, we broke to the reservoir's edge - and were met by a horned skull stuck on a stake. Suddenly, I remembered what Rebanda had said about the engravings' association with witchcraft. Being obstinate (or perhaps because of the prehistoric setting), I started whittling stone, knapping a microlithic surgeon's kit, and then bent single-mindedly to my task - failing till I was disgusted with myself and worried for my victim (which I had bizarrely associated with Rebanda).
This time there were two guards behind an overhanging military fence crested by barbed wire. The guard who beckoned us in was rearing a guard-dog puppy, which scampered around, tumbling over ledges and using its chin to lever itself over steps.
Our guide was a decent young man who couldn't help feeling uneasy blocking access to these bold masterpieces at the source of all our arts. Still, these guards were actually tame as the locals poured down to catch a glimpse of the animals through the fence. After he'd hastened to take up his time-clock again, I wandered if there might not be even more testimonials of man's attraction to this classical Eden with its islets and fords in the flowery river, and browsed through a plowed orchard, along a contour which I judged would have been the valley floor half a million years ago. We knew the next dawn would be our last, so we broke camp in blue light to explore the teeming side-valley beyond the first auroch. Not Portugal's - OURS - because this art is so old, despite its elegance, that we share the blood and genius of those distant ancestors who awoke to the universe, whether our cavalcade of ancestors migrated around the Old World or came across the Bering Straits 14,000 years ago.
Footnotes have been added to the internet version of the article to provide historical perspective and more detail about sources than the versions that were published & distributed in 1995.
1 The three discoverers of the Chauvet Cave were Eliette Brunel Deschamps, Christian Hillaire, and Jean-Marie Chauvet. 2 The IPPAR announced the existence of the valleya€™s engravings on November 19, 1994 but a video was made of them in 1993. 10 Bahn 1995 for a re-capitulation of the same accusations against the IPPAR & Rebanda. 33 Bednarik & Jaffe have been the most outspoken spokesmen about delusions concerning the protective qualities of reservoirs a€“ which not only inundate art panels with water but deep alluvial deposits that make their later recovery dangerous and impractical. 34 Interestingly, a few years after this appeal was written, Clottes came under fierce attack and even ridicule by many representatives of the French intelligentsia, including some of the countrya€™s most prominent prehistorians, after he and David Lewis-Williams published a€?The Shamans of Prehistory: Trance and magic in the painted cavesa€? in 1996. As soon as their results indicating that the art might be only 3,000 to 6,500 years old (if not even younger) were announced a€“ which actually made the engravings even more astonishing, potentially rewriting the history of rock art or even making Portugal the last bastion of the Paleolithic tradition a€“ the most important Portuguese right-wing weekly screamed that the direct-dating results proved that stylistic daters like Clottes had perpetrated a a€?FRAUDa€? (O Independente, 7 July 1995). It should also be noted that the individuals who participated in the debate were often somewhat unwittingly drawn into playing secondary or tertiary roles in a struggle between the Portuguese Ministry of Culture and Ministry of Industry. 40 In November 1995 - six months after this call-toa€“arms was published and circulated to Prehistoric Art Emergencya€™s volunteers (who Ia€™m glad to report included a young actor, Yann Montelle, who went on to earn a doctorate in prehistory) - a book edited by Jorge called a€?Dossier CA?aa€? appeared with 20 contributions by him or his wife.
44 After writing this article in May 1995, it occurred to me that I might have missed one of the main reasons for eliminating Rebanda from Portugala€™s archaeological milieu a€“ the fact that he was so effective at finding rock art that drew international attention, first to Mazouco, then to CA?a. 49 When I wrote the article, I assumed that the two young men were Rebandaa€™s subordinates and referred to them as a€?draftsmena€?.
50 After initially denigrating both the art and the idea of extracting it, the EDP later adopted the idea as one of its three strategies for overcoming opposition to the dam project. And so, Guesthouse & Training chefs Jason Davids and Stuart Anthony volunteered their time to teach TSiBA students some basic cooking skills so they can be able to whip up nutritious, cost-effective meals that they can enjoy both at home and at campus. These [drawings of the surrounding mountains] was all taken from the shape of their tops as appeared from the camp on Tuesday 24 of November, 1846.
We traveled from these hills the same direction as we had the day before, southwest, making 12 in the morning and 18 in the afternoon, making 30 miles. This morning marched 10 miles and came to these hills where we are now passing southwest direction to find a pass, if possible, for the wagons into another valley. We continued our course, southeast, until we make 20 miles and camped on another plain between the mountains on a creek in the center of the flats.
We have had some beautiful plains to pass over as we have come along, but a lack of water and timber.
This morning the whole guard has to go on extra duty because one man run his bayonet in a mule.
We traveled until 10 oa€™clock and I got ahead of all the train and stopped and took a picture of the mountains around. There was in the evening, an Indian Chief come in and told us that we was on the right road and that last summer there was one wagon went down where we was calculating to go yesterday. Accordingly, on Sunday morning the 29th day, all hands was engaged in fixing for a pass to go into the valley.
We left one wagon above and yesterday another as we was descending and we are not yet down and out of this hole that is here marked out. On the north is a hollow where water sometimes rises, putting down from the mountain into the river or creek. The weather is rather cool and the clouds are in the west, hovering over the mountains as far as you can see. This chain of hills or mountains runs from 12 miles southwest from here to the northwest, out of sight running northwest. On the sixth day, the camp traveled through the brush for about 12 miles and passed in among the hills and I found a beautiful grove of young timber of ash and a kind of walnut, a little like black walnut and a great variety of other wood or brush which grows on the mountains and in the valleys, good to burn. This place is where the camp passed through into a small valley, where we found an old yard that we understand from one of our guides was built by the man who owned the little town we passed through. One of the Spanish drovers left and went to the Spanish settlement below here a short distance.
This is a large valley and we are calculating to descend it northwest until we come to the river Saint Padra. I awoke and told my dream and went to sleep and dreamed that I was called up by the brethren to tell it which I did and told them I thought it was for not keeping the covenants, but use the name of the Lord, their God in vain and it had become common language to curse each other. The bottom land here is about one mile wide, with now and then a scrape of bottom much wider. This day, some of our hunters informed me that they have seen a number of bear tracks and one was the width of his hand and length of his thumb.
I understand there is a plenty of wild oxen here among these hills, which is excellent beef.
These bottoms look like the best of soil in these valleys for about one mile wide, some places wider.
Where our camp is, a small town called a€?Barnadenoa€™, once owned by a rich man who built it for himself.
Last night I took a view of our camping ground and saw that it was like the one we had the night before. This is the mountains east are very high, running south until they come against this camp, then they turn east rounding corner and then turns north as I have laid down on another map down the St. As curious a thing as I have seen with thorns, is the large prickly pear or water plant or tree, which is often as high as 20 feet, 16 inches over. On the morning of the 18 of December {LNa€™s note: This day was the 32nd birthday of Levia€™s wife, Clarissa Reed Hancock.
These mountains are from the left of the center line, running southeast to northwest and on the other side of the road is mountains that are as high as these on the left.
This land that we have passed between here and town is baron, desolate waste and nothing grows here and it looks like the best of land, a plenty of wood here, fires.
North, half mile from the road to the foot on the right of this center line as I was facing the mountain, I took this map. I then looked and I stood at the right hand of him and expected he would say something, but did not. I remembered a dream I had before, which was this: I saw him all alone and said I, a€?There is my fathera€? and got him by the hand and said, a€?Bless me, O my father. These mountains are those that are on the right hand and is about the same distance and height of those on the left. Along our last days travel, which is the 21 day and I am now in camp, in the borders of the Pema town or on the east side of town. This, the 22 day of December, on Tuesday morning, we left our first camping ground on the Hely and went down this river 8 miles to the Pemo village and pitched our tents. On the 24th day, I got in conversation with one of our guides and showed him my map of Hely River and the Colorado, Salt and Francisco. Marched at 10 oa€™clock from our camp and the maricopers and raveled southwest by west 8 miles, then by the end of the mountains four miles southwest then west, far enough to make 18 miles and camped on the desert on the left hand side of some hills. This is Christmas Day and yesterday there was watermelon brought in camp for sale and they was good melons, too. I saw the Chief last night and he said that he knew who we was and some time he meant to go and see the Mormons in California.


In one hollow or gully, it is said that this valley is the best of any and that here is a good place for raising any kind of grain, also anything of the fruit kind, and by the looks of the land here, it seems that a nation might be fed here as in Egypt, by watering the land which might be easily done. Early in the morning, the old doctor came to one tent where some had been boiling beans and asked, a€?What is this?a€? a€?Beans and corn.a€? was the answer.
This day I had a talk with Brother Dikes and traveled about 2 miles with him, in which time he told me that he had wanted some conversation for some time and would be glad if I would give him some council and then said that there was considerable feelings existing against him in the Battalion and he would like to do right and that he considered that I was the one to come to get council. I told him I already had that laid to me and I had had a put down for it when there never had been any cause for it and if I should give any council, it would be said again that I sought power and authority and I had concluded not to give any council to any officer, lest it should cause further jealousy. And then he said that he could clear himself of the charges that was against him and that he had defied any man to prove either Eclyseastacle or Military Law against him, for he had kept them both and when he got to the Church things he thought would be differently represented and would not appear as bad as many suppose and then asked me if I did not think that he had better be independent and do the thing strictly according to law.
This day we traveled ten miles and come to the river northwest, then turned west by north and went ten miles further and being 18 miles over the best kind of land. James Pace has now brought in a petrified bone which he wished was in the Church, which must have an enormous large animal, about 9 inches across one end, four inches the other way. We came to the top of the hill and the mountains presented a sight and I stopped and drew the shape of them. This day made 7 miles over the hill, down on the flats near the bank of the river near a mountain which many ascended and viewed the country and I could see the winding Hely for a long distance.
While passing along down the bottoms today, I saw another prickly body of the pear or appears to be a species of the same, in another form here. I tell the brethren to wait until they can have a hearing before the authorities of he Church and to be as patient as possible.
But, thank God we have served 6 months, save eleven days and we will try to heave it as good soldiers, although our shoes are worn out, our torn clothes are all almost gone, the skins of beavers are used for moccasins. Took a northwest course for four miles and turned around a mountain and in two miles further west, I took the shape of the end of the long mountains seen a long way back. Here the river has a bend and the valleys are not so wide as they are above, and sometimes to be narrow down below here, which is a southwest course from here and looks like the worst of going.
These hills was seen west of northwest a long ways back and sometimes the peak that is above, was west.
After we had turned around here, we had to pass through the bottoms, the thickest kind of brush and small cane and cottonwood or poplar, willow and many other kinds of small brush. I have now got in camp and the course we traveled from the bluffs was a northwest course for about two miles and began to bear a little around towards the west and now we are going west and I take some peaks that I can just see on the top of a hill or mountain as we are on the bottoms.
We traveled through sand and over gravel, course and fine, until we made 12 miles and camped on the bank of the Colorado.
There is no chance for any landscape here, only on the other side and up stream is a mountain. I thought I would go and see him myself not knowing it was against orders, as I afterwards heard it was. I am now about 8 miles from our last nighta€™s camp and while on my way here I sometimes discovered something on the ground that looked like a red clear stone.
Hah-yo-de-yah, is all he scrub that grows here on this desert and no grass and in the aroyohs, muskeet and a few other scrubs. This day traveled northwest by west course until we came to where men was digging a well and found water, but it was poor and but little of it and we was ordered to march on to the next, which was 20 miles ahead. This day made 18 miles over some hills of sand and the bottoms or flats was gravel and sand. In the hollow, when we got to the top of this hill, we saw that there was no outlet to this valley, nor inlet.
Last night, one man catched up with us who had been sent back after a p low that had been left on Hely River by the commissary.
Here is a vineyard that looks beautiful and I am told that there have been clusters of grapes that would weigh 14 pounds and that not uncommon. We put up, making 20 miles this day, by a good creek that would make the best of mill seats, not more than two rods to dam in between the mountains of rocks and there might be a lake formed big enough to water all the country below, but lack of building timber here. It made me think of the storm when Joseph Smith was with us between the two Fishing Rivers, only here we had no thunder. Once I felt it in my heart and although our men, many of them had become basically wicked, He would spare them. 4 miles from last nights camp and in plain sight of the snow top mountain described here, which I took yesterday and soon after I took it, I ascended a hill and looked at the northwest and between the hills down a valley, I saw a wide extended plain and an arm of the big waters, putting up a point of land, running into the sea about northwest. At the northeast mountains covered with snow and here it is hot and all things in bloom, birds singing and all around presents a beautiful sight.
Anyone who touch the mountain will be stoned to death or killed by an arrow including human and animal.
Because the Israelites were stubborn and rejected God, the offer of salvation is now being made available to people around the world. This has made life so much easier and convenient for all, but just like everything in life that convenience comes with responsibility.
It was a difficult decision for the judges to make, but based on arguments brought forward, the conclusion was that Social Media does indeed cause more harm than good in society.
Management, organised by Elisabeth Leaning & Nathalie Belet of local NGO Conservation Global.
This project supports development of Eden’s Green Campus Eco-Club & sustainable living practices.
Simiso Manatha a HCBA student explains “As we welcomed students from Franklin University to our green TSiBA Eden Campus a quick rush of excitement and an atmosphere of happiness covered the campus. One student had been an active gangster for years before he decided to change his life for better. Their transformation was ignited by the Tertiary School in Business Administration, TSiBA, a non-profit private business school in Cape Town that offers a bachelors degree in business administration (BBA), to underprivileged children. It has done this by creating a sustainable business model around the idea of paying it forward. I thank TSiBA for the opportunities provided and my alma mater ESMT for the opportunity to pay it forward through the RLF program.
You will go back home knowing that you were not just friends, school mates, roommates nor just partners but a Family. On the trip from the airport to the university campus I got a first impression of the townships and times of Apartheid. I prepared enough teaching material for the whole week but did not include South African business cases. There were students with a Business Administration Education and others with absolutely no knowledge of finance. It is a wonderful and empowering place, from which many countries all over the world can learn.
It was an unforgettable experience and I thank God for the good relationships and especially for new friendship with Reidwaan, with whom I am convinced I will stay in touch.
TSiBA’s model is unique in placing attitude at the heart of a student’s development and surrounding this with layers of knowledge and skills.
TSiBA’s generous volunteer community contribute more than just helping the organisation offer youth access to high quality learning opportunities – they enter into transformative relationships with the next generation of South Africa leaders and thus strengthen the very fibre of society: This is social change in action. This has led to the emergence of a vibrant community of volunteers, including lecturers, tutors and mentors. These role-models are enriched to become exemplars of the values and behaviour that inspire others in the community. Emerging leaders can apply for a sliding scale tuition scholarship and are not required to pay back their education monetarily, but rather to Pay it Forward by transferring the knowledge, skills and resources they gain at TSiBA back into their communities.
Lerato, who grew up in George and currently lives in Bishop Lavis, is a student at the Tertiary School in Business Administration (TSiBA) and has attended both of TSiBA campuses –in Cape Town and Karatara, near Knysna. If youth can grasp these skills too they will be able to better manage their emotions, their fears and decision-making abilities.
I have been watching the news and know that in the future one of the proposed solutions is that students are saying there must be no fees at all and I don’t really agree with this because the money has to come from somewhere like higher taxes, or other citizens. I don’t think students have to stop with protests, but they should lay low till the exams are completed, then look at future and put more thought into solutions to not further add to the education crisis.
I realise how lucky I am to be on a scholarship to study at TSiBA, but if free education becomes a reality then I pray that higher education starts implementing teaching values and including courses that not only make you intelligent, but create character which is part of our curriculum and credit-bearing. I have friends at other universities and I haven’t really seen this aspect in them even though they look impressive and confident, they lack substance without any leadership training and skills.
TSiBA Eden also entered the corporate Kite Battle and Sipho and Thabo held the last kites flying- at their first kite competition ever! However, God had His own plan about me, after completing Grade 12 at Nqabakazulu Comprehensive High School, God opened doors for me that I didn’t even knew that they exist. Having said that, it was not always smooth sailing and very often I had to choose to make sacrifices to keep up with my studies.
I’m now relocating from Durban to Johannesburg to take up a role at Danone SA and again, I know my foundation is strong and I will be able to meet the new challenges. In addition we offer a Certificate in Practical Business Administration at our Eden Campus and a Post Graduate Diploma in Small Business Consulting at our Cape Town Campus. What happens if I have matriculated in another town or province and I am unable to get my high school stamp? For TSiBA Eden, not only do their environmental savvy campus operations save the environment and relieve pressure on the power grid, but they help save electricity costs for this unique not-for-profit tertiary education institution. We gave the students the basic required information about the institution and as part of our exhibition we took them outside to do a few exercises. Us being there, sharing our TSiBA experience and just showing people some of the things we do on campus makes a huge difference because we are a relatively small and institution compared to other universities.
This annual event is important so that students are able to reconnect and new networks can be born. Students, who have been studying entrepreneurship from an academic perspective will get first-hand experience on the daily realities and “bumps in the road” that entrepreneurship entails. This diversity ensures students get to choose to work on ventures they feel passionate about. They will have an opportunity to join our mini-MBA programme, the Business Essentials courses, and find a mentor among our qualified business experts. They were all selected as ESMT’s Responsible Leaders’ Fellows and they truly lived TSiBA’s Pay it Forward ethos sharing their knowledge and wisdom at TSiBA. I would not be able to continue with my degree if it was not for the fund, every time I encounter challenges during my stay here in Cape Town I remember how lucky I am to have been given the opportunity of this scholarship. I have developed an understanding during my integration from HCBA to BBA 1 that the HCBA serves as a preparation for the BBA 1 which tests you more on your intellectual ability and critical thinking.
I am still working on finding the best suitable accommodation for me that will last me till the end of my degree. This was the second trail run meant to raise funds for TSiBA and it brought together several hundred sport enthusiasts. Abe Oliver, the Ignition Centre Manager introduced our sponsors from the Rotary Club of Newlands: Andy Ismay, Jenny Ibbotson and Kenny van Aardt who gave an overview of the Rotary Club and their pledge for continual support if our pilot Pitch and Poster Competition is a success.
Then, they will go on to have consultations in the Ignition Centre in order to polish their ideas for the final Pitch and Poster day in June. Not only were frescoes of rhinos, horses and lions over 30,000 years old found in a cave in the Ardeche on Dec. Although theya€™re probably right, ita€™s worth noting that these same specialists used similar criteria to ascribe the animals of Chauvet to the same period - until carbon 14 results pushed their age back over 10,000 years, shattering the notion that prehistoric art had evolved linearly, like technologies. In France, the Ministry of Culture placed its new treasure under the most draconian protection, despite the fact that the country already has the lion's share of Paleolithic art. Standing right in front of some of the most spectacular engravings, the Secretary of State for Culture dismissed them as being nothing more than a€?childrena€™s doodlesa€? a€“ whereupon the students from Foz CA?aa€™s high school turned the official into a laughing-stock by presenting him with a schist slab covered with their own scribblings4. It's now or never, the author of the following article decided in April 1995, as he set out to evaluate the engravings, find out the truth, and propose solutions.
My 13-year old son and I had flown to Porto in Portugal and driven far up the Douro valley into the northeastern mountains, prepared to maneuver around obstructions whether by negotiation or hiking through the back door.
Still, here was our first encounter with the powers that be, so I took this opportunity to probe, and get a first step up the hierarchical ladder.
So I explained how Sebastian and I had come so far to see the Paleolithic glories that Portugal would be displaying with pride, spoke of credentials, and placed us (and our pen) in his hands. Still, we had our bearings, and drove off into the late afternoon to penetrate the heart of the forbidden zone. We were getting closer, very close now, and could spy loops of a trail among the folds of a distant ridge.
And here too was the arena where one of the greatest feuds between discoverers and custodians of the past had exploded since the conflict between Othniel Marsh and Edward Drinker Cope over the fossils of extinct giants in Sioux territory during Custer's battles.
With swifts swirling in up-drafts around our heads, we scrambled and picked our way among sheer precipices and ledges. Its tight horseshoe of cliffs and rubble made the perfect hiding place for our car and tent from the gray guards roaming the surrounding crests with binoculars.
Sebastian snuggled tighter into his sleeping bag, so I set out to reconnoiter alone, systematically working quadrants and contours between our quarry at Fariseu and Piscos brook. Somewhere among the jumble of a thousand rock faces would be an ancient image - perhaps masked by lichen or so faint one had to trace its parts before seeing it whole.
The numbed waters suddenly spangled upstream with glitter and so many flowery white tresses of water plants that the currents looked like sudsy pastures. After all the noisy demonstrations against the dam in Lisbon, how were they to know how much clout a nosy prehistorian might have? Whatever was going to happen to him afterwards in the backwater of Portuguese archaeology had surely been inconsequential, since experience proved that nobody made much fuss over sites that were out-of-sight and out-of-mind - especially with archaeologists beholding to dam-builders and political appointees for access and records. According to the insinuations, he could have continued his documentation right up to the headwaters as his masters worked their way upstream step by step.
I sensed that this crowd felt their doctor deserved to be the one to tell fellow archaeologists that they might as well ask to visit Atlantis. Sure enough, there was the 12 year-old Pocinho dam sweeping the valley with a clean curtain.14 But the silos of this former construction site's cement plant were speckled with rust, the ranks of its offices and dormitories were deserted and almost every window was broken. Fortunately, Sebastian was becoming ever more engrossed in Verne's book, spelunking towards the planet's core, so I began to gravitate down halls for exercise and companionship, coming to the door of the room where the secretary was braiding the blind's cord while two laconic draftsmen labored over tracings of horses, ibexes and aurochs.
It has been insinuated that Rebanda probably discovered Rock 1 at Canada do Inferno as early as November 1991.18 In Dec.
So, quixotically, he had proposed building a dry-dock around the outcropping, and, failing that, underwater exploration. If so, the power utility may have known of incredibly rich sites years before the first blueprint for the new dam!
Clottes was the worlda€™s reigning prehistorian a€“ the man who had risen to the pinnacle of the French archaeological establishment and held the only keys to the holy grail of art caves - the unbelievably strong and ancient Grotte Chauvet.
After inspecting the 15% of the art that remained above water at the site in the rising dama€™s shadow, because the EDP had hardly felt it necessary to lower the water for the visit of the foreigner sent by the now antagonistic IPPAR, Clottes stepped before a highly polarized press corps. The dam-builders and their government backers felt vindicated while much of Portuguese public was crestfallen or furious.
The dam had become a poisonous political issue in a national election with the President and his fellow Socialists attacking the center-right Prime Minister for its willingness to sacrifice both the nationa€™s patrimony and vineyards to a flaky building scheme.
As if the owners of villas built around the new lake would really allow it to be drained 100 meters to its bottom - where almost all of the known panels would soon be drowned a€“ once every decade! Suddenly, the Portuguese public felt that the dam-builders were not only destroying the nationa€™s most ancient claim to world grandeur and civilization, but that they were in league with a man who would never have been so cavalier with Paleolithic masterpieces in his own country!
When I later asked Portuguese archaeologists if they were going to attend an up-coming conference organized by Clottes, they recoiled. First, because Clottesa€™ retinue of hosts, diplomats and reporters was rushing him and putting him in a bind a€“ even if his stature, pride, and role as UNESCOa€™s expert on rock art had led him into it. They even echoed his faith in getting dam operators to regularly empty the vast lake a€“ despite the glaring evidence of the EDPa€™s behavior at CA?a itself.
No sooner had Clottes triggered a public outcry, than he began to explain away his tepid defense of the CA?aa€™s importance by saying that he had not been shown enough art to form a true idea of the valleya€™s richness.35 But the truth is, he was shown Rebandaa€™s trove of drawings from submerged sections and sites upstream36 and could have been more demanding. After all it was a lot of money, the government was inflexible, the controversy had become a campaign issue a€“ which meant that his advice would seem like foreign meddling - and the elections were still far off. When, in fact, the long-term rights for the cave in France would belong to its Ministry of Culture a€“ which was already attacking its discoverer, Chauvet, for the pittance hea€™d received for his pictures. But I could hardly hold my tongue: why on earth had he invited people from this caste of academics back into his life - and the valley - when at least one of them had apparently abused him? The picture was compelling: SimAµes and her husband angelically insisting that the world must be told, while the hireling screamed demonically over the fire, accusing university archaeologists of trying to hog the credit yet again. If Rebanda had known SimAµes and Jaffe were going to paint him into a corner, wouldn't he have raced for the exit? Both Rebanda and SimAµes de Abreu could have been traitors and saviors at once, and as long as I was with this archaeologist, I felt bound to encourage the savior in him. It must have seemed like an insult to him after all his efforts, so with an anarchic gesture, he announced, what the hell, he'd photocopy their fax when it came, so we could enter a second. Huge black derricks hulked atop the dam beside a row of gate-lifting pistons that looked like Big Berthas. We bagged the warning or omen, caught and released a giant water beetle - the kind that injects deliquescing enzymes into living frogs, then sucks out their juice - and worked our way along what was actually the upper tier of a disappearing cliff.
When art panels are located in the CA?aa€™s side valleys, they are apparently concentrated on northern slopes.
I was a willing guide as we skewered corn kernels on hooks, lashed lines around a log and threw the lethal leashes into the dark. They were a hundred yards apart, making perpetual rounds as they kept time clocks happy by cranking them every few paces with keys chained to the fence. It was probably his first job after military service, but he was intelligent enough to realize that hea€™d been hired as a pawn in a vast conspiracy to keep Portugal's greatest cultural wonders out of sight and out of mind, till they could be obliterated. One, because any plan to remove the friezes not only meant assigning a value to them, but keeping the controversy alive. The mountainous dirt road forked, meandered and even skirted an imposing castle,51 but several classes of children were making the long dusty pilgrimage on foot while carloads of adults in their Sunday best made the excursion to see the only engravings to have escaped the censors - either because the site at Penascosa was so far from Lima Montiero's spyglass or because the valley was gentler here and had always been farmed. I hadn't passed the first olive tree when I happened upon a well-knapped hand-axe, and then another! On-line commentary entitled a€?Some corrections about the CA?a petroglyphsa€? in TRACCE no. While Chauveta€™s name was given to the cave itself, the names of his co-discoverers were given to two of its large chambers.
Mila SimAµes de Abreu and Ludwig Jaffe were the founders of the APAAR (AssociaA§ao Portuguesa de Arte e Arqueologia Rupestre), which has been a member of IFRAO (International Federation of Rock Art Organisations) since Sept. In an on-line commentary, Jaffe denounced what he perceived as a continuation of the scandal under new management: a€?In December 1994 IPPAR passed the responsibility for the rock art in the Coa valley to Mario Varela Gomes and Antonio Martinho Baptista.
Their critics often subscribe to the doctrine that modern ethnographic evidence cannot be used to interpret ancient cultures. Although Bednarik was one of the earliest crusaders for CA?a - calling for the EDP to stop building the dam in Nov.
The leftist press and Portuguese archaeological milieu reacted with just as much reflection, ignoring both Bednarika€™s qualifiers and his pioneering role in organizing the world campaign to fight for the whole valleya€™s salvation (see Dossier CA?a p. Of the 66 contributions written by individuals, not one is by Nelson Rebanda, whose ghost a€“ to anyone interested in intellectual property a€“ haunts every line. After the CA?a scandal served its purpose as an electoral issue that helped the Socialists to win power, the new government kept its campaign promise by protecting the CA?a Valley but used the goodwill engendered by the decision to blunt criticism while flooding other huge assemblages of rock art. 3; Catherine Vincent, writing in Le Monde on March 11, 1995, goes into much more detail about one particular vineyard, Ervamoira, that would have been lost, along with its exceptional Port wine. The first was to prove that the engravings were not Paleolithic a€“ an effort that entrapped researchers who wanted to apply experimental direct-dating techniques.
We passed over the best kind of land I ever saw and came to another creek, putting down from the west into this river large enough to carry a grist mill continually and might be brought onto a overshot wheel as clear as crystal. While on the mountain, God commanded Moses to tell the Israelites that he has chosen the Israelites to be his priests and holy nation.
Anyone who confess Jesus Christ is Lord and believe that he has risen from the dead on the third day can receive the offer of eternal life regardless of his background, race, nation, tribe and etc.
We must be holy for God and get rid of every bad habits in our lives such as smoking, addiction, and etc. If one is not careful about what they put out for the world to see they are putting themselves in danger of being victims of cyber bullying especially on social networking sites like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram etc. He has been running a successful business for over 6 years and is a motivational speaker for school children. It is also home to TSiBA Ignition Centre, an incubation centre that supports entrepreneurs through business and leadership mentoring and training.
The students and entrepreneurs at TSiBA are from disadvantaged backgrounds who cannot otherwise afford university-level education or professional business mentoring.
RLF is a voluntary program , which gives us ESMT students an opportunity to add value to a social change initiative by leveraging our business skills. I might be just a Marketing Coordinator but the role I play contributes to a bigger picture.
The B&B called The Oval with its hosts, Mike and Louise, was a very nice place to stay at. It is also a component of TSiBA’s delivery of high quality academic education and part of an organisation that is making a measurable impact on nation building and social change. Despite her parents’ lack of education, Lerato always imagined herself educated and she badly wanted to break this trend for her family’s future.
Perhaps a partnership with the private sector and government could make this possible by working together to make this mutually beneficial by focusing on study programmes which are more relevant to what employers and industry really need. Another big TSiBA difference is that even 12 years since being founded students do not need to pay back their scholarships, but rather to Pay it Forward in the community which is what we do. My friends at home have been inspired by me and chosen to attend TSiBA over other universities after they were forced to sit at home after school thinking they were never going to get the opportunity to study. In 2007, I relocated to Cape Town to join TSiBA and this was quite exciting for me and a little bit nervous as I was leaving home for the first time. Eventually all the hard work and sleepless nights began to start paying off when God blessed me with an opportunity to go do my IPJ internship in Switzerland and I was able to travel around Europe and I also went to do research in Malawi. Since joining the company in 2013, I have never been treated differently because I didn’t graduate from a big, well-known institution and I had equal opportunities like everyone else.
Their systems include solar geysers and a solar oven used for the showers and kitchens, simple black pipes installed on the roof to heat water, insulation cooking bags and clay ovens which make use of compressed recycled paper ball coals - both produced by the students on campus” says Susan Donald from WESSA.
The exercises we did changed their perspective about the institution as initially they some level of insecurity about our degree and its curriculum.
They travelled from many areas across South Africa to attend this function to Ignite Opportunity. It’s also an incredible opportunity to keep in touch with our Alumni to see what they’re doing and how they are getting on in life.
It helped me discover and develop parts of me that I didn’t know I had, such as a passion for teaching and understanding how different students learn”. The only challenge I have been facing is NUM 101, I have managed to get a 61% before the exam but I am working very hard to obtain a 70% and above on my exam.
I have been applying for other financial scholarships with the hope of them covering my accommodation and my personal expenses as the whole fund I have been presented by TSiBA goes straight to accommodation. We believe this competition is the recipe for a sustainable partnership with the Rotary Club going forward! Ron Duggins, Director of the Centre for Business Development at Meridian Technology in Oklahoma, USA. It will be the first time students from all classes will be able to work together and compete against one another with their own business ideas! 18th1, but Europea€™s biggest open-air gallery of Paleolithic animals was reported just a month earlier in the CA?a Valley of northeastern Portugal2.
Regardless of how old the CA?aa€™s art turns out to be, it is unique in its richness above ground and astonishing in its illustrations of movement - with animals tossing their heads with the same stop-action dynamism found at Chauvet and only millennia later in photography and Futurist painting.


The Chauvet Cavea€™s prehistoric bestiary was proudly splashed across magazines around the world. Soon, the guard turned into a regular lad, wrote down the chief engineer's name and pointed beyond the ramp-laced moonscape - into the wilderness. In this walled garden, the conflicting passions of archaeologists had exploded around a campfire, set a president and prime minister against each other, and cowed the emissaries of UNESCO. Lizards skidded into fissures, a rusty blade wedged in a nook beside a sliver of cliff garden spoke of an emigrant who had never returned, but the walls seemed barren. Over and over again, the scene seemed set, the rock stretched, but its lines were just fractals.
I yanked myself up to a platform less than a step wide and a ten-foot long cow - an auroch!
By holding the animal's form and movement vividly in mind, the maker had poured himself into its body and experienced a power beyond abstraction, beyond even tool-making, to thrill to the new power of passing through the looking-glass into another being. A stream, running pure as its springs over crisp cresses between alternating bull rushes and crags, almost made it to the river unaltered, but met it just below the threshold and sank into an estuary. We had arrived at Pandemonium and would try to insinuate ourselves into an audience with the Chief Engineer himself.
Only one was so spotless and redolent of perks, though, with its rolled lawn incongruous in the desert, that we knew right where to head among forking roads. I was hardly surprised when these well-fed pros passed the buck to the only gaunt and partially toothless fellow traveler among them. So they decided to play it safe by dumping me on their pet nemesis, the organizationa€™s own archaeological a€?hirelinga€?, Dr.
He could have added to his hoard of exclusive photos and measurements, imposed interpretations, and generally lorded it over his peers - for who could have naysayed him with his treasures locked a hundred meters deep in so many great watery safes?10 And to think that all the dam-builders' pet archaeologist and his accommodating superiors at the Portuguese Institute for Architectural and Archaeological Heritage (IPPAR)11 in Lisbon - to whom Rebanda had reported his discoveries at least twice12 - had had to do to pull off this economically patriotic (not to say mutually beneficial) stunt was keep their mouths shut! After having suffered at the hands of his mentor, Professor Jorge, why had Rebanda put himself at the mercy of two similar academics and representatives of an international body to boot - Mila SimAµes de Abreu and her archaeologist husband, Ludwig Jaffe, who represented the International Federation of Rock Art Organizations (IFRAO)?
At least such nuisances would keep him from getting up to more mischief by turning up new discoveries. But, finally, a secretary answered my summons and let me into a vestibule empty except for a display of postcard-sized photographs of some of the engravings, and a cartoon caricaturing the scandal - which I reckoned had been knowingly posted to co-opt criticism.
I couldn't quite make out the man's features through the crack, but it was obvious he was gushing recriminations - and no wonder: the entire archaeological profession had ganged up on the pariah.
We all knew I had crossed a threshold, but, after all, I had paid my dues, and in any case, I padded off to the foyer again.
Yet they'd prattled to the press that they had found the art a year ago, and then more like two years ago, and now, word had it, a€?onlya€? three years ago25 - when it was always somehow too late to stop the process leading up to construction, which had only started in September a€™94.26 The gall! Instantly, I whipped out paper and scribbled the fastest copy of the main map that my hand could draw.
After SimAµes de Abreu and Jaffe had unleashed the scandal by revealing the conspiracy to flood Europea€™s richest assemblage of open-air Paleolithic art, the IPPAR and Portuguese Ministry of Culture had scrambled to get their own expert witness a€“ and, in a further twist, had asked UNESCO to recommend an expert to challenge the power companya€™s growing efforts to prove the art wasna€™t Paleolithic but recent27 a€“ in which case, the EDP seemed to think that the public would drop the subject as being the relatively recent work of peasants drawing their cows.
For all their heightened sensitivity to having CA?aa€™s fate evaluated by a foreigner, the Portuguese press viewed Clottes as a referee and expected a verdict. Then, as fate would have it, Clottes was back in the headlines within the week, announcing drastic measures to protect Francea€™s new crown jewel, Chauvet.
And as if anyone could even find new art during the two weeks a lake might be emptied (every hundred years) while everything was coated with algae and grime! Opposition editorialists had a field day with Clottesa€™ apparent hypocrisy and dismissiveness towards Portugal - and demonstrators flooded the streets. Two, because people are often driven to produce their greatest work and worst mistakes by similar drives.
Rebanda was even fooling himself on this score, I thought - after all, the Foz CA?a photographs would probably end up belonging to Portugala€™s own ministry or even the EDP.
Scientists - like lawyers - ply an adversarial trade, but the chance to put Portugal into the archaeological heavens a€“ and to boost their own reputations with it - had given many researchers more ulterior motives than usual. Personally, I couldn't see anybody bedding down for the night and traipsing out the next morning with people who had announced that they were going to expose him. In essence, my heart a€“ if not my mind - had taken his side for the moment; he was the underdog, on the verge of a nervous breakdown, and I was concerned that he might even attempt suicide. If I didn't mind coming back at 9 the next morning, he apologized, the approval should be there. But basically the dam was a streamlined machine without much need for local intervention or maintenance. My unequivocal certification of their global importance only made him uneasier, as he didn't know whether to feel flattered or upset.
We peered into a dovecot, a squat white tower lined inside with empty compartments like a city after a plague. Suddenly, a deeply hammered auroch on the rock stood out boldly as a road sign - alerting us to an entire herd. The geology, erosion, & silica skins protecting engravings all seem similar on both slopes, so I theorize that this positioning is not simply a taphonomic illusion created by the disappearance of engravings on the southern slopes.
I wasn't expecting anything when I ambled down at dawn, but there it was: a big mound under the bank! From what I could tell, even his draftsmen had decided to take the day off 49, once they realized the coast was clear.
By God, I thought, if the flooders don't save them, I hope the townspeople storm the valley!
If the guards hadn't been under strict orders not to sell admissions, they'd have made a killing; but then any financial association with the art is anathema to the dammers: the next thing they knew, they'd have a revolt on their hands! And like the first guard, when he realized that I had somehow gotten authorization despite my evident opposition to the reservoir, he let out his pent-up indignation - for we were insiders.
As we passed the threshold between the deadened depths and virgin current with its billowing water-foliage, we had to skirt and climb over a sheer wall blocking the side-valleya€™s entrance.
The intertwined couple, spanning the length of a single real horse, was still necking in Eden after twenty millennia. Rock Art and the CA?a Valley Archaeological Park: A case study in the preservation of Portugal's prehistoric parietal heritage. Although it is true that one must be extremely circumspect about doing so, such evidence often opens new perspectives that have more in common with the subsistence systems of ancient cultures than does our own, and the two authors showed considerable originality and courage in exploring it.
1994 - most Portuguese archaeologists with access to the CA?a sites now shun him as thoroughly as they do Clottes and Rebanda. 539, for a resolution, written in defense of CA?a, by Bednarik, in a book filled with vitriole against him). These retractions confirmed that some of ZilhA?oa€™s criticisms of the direct dating attempts were well founded, but dona€™t necessarily reflect on other matters raised in his disputes with Bednarik and Jaffe. In the English sections, Jorge generously credits numerous associates and generations of Portuguese prehistorians by full name, while studiously avoiding any mention of Rebanda except where it is unavoidable, and then only with his last name between brackets. The second was to make casts of panels for a museum a€“ which may have damaged some panels. God commanded Moses to instruct the people to wash their clothes and abstain from sexual relations.
In 1 Peter 2:5, we are like lively stones, are built up a spiritual house to be a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.
His vision is to create opportunities for young people in townships so they can choose goals over guns.
I was convinced of the value RLF adds to society and had decided to participate in it even before I started at ESMT. It has always been my dream to work in Marketing, so when I got the opportunity I did not think twice. On TSiBA campus I realized soon that there are many different people of different colors and languages.
The family style environment and very good discussions amongst hosts and guests from Africa and Europe were definitely an enrichment.
In the end, I am convinced that we met the goals of the faculty and reached or even exceeded the goals of many students. TSiBA currently operates two Centers located on campuses in Cape Town and at TSiBA Eden in the Southern Cape. Also if fees are eliminated the value of education may decrease in the way that students approach education.
The #feesmustfall situation makes me so grateful to be studying at TSiBA as I know even in my community how study debts are affecting my brothers and sisters once they graduate. There was no greater feeling in the world than the feeling I had when I finally graduated with a BBA in 2012! Also, the campus receives committed support by the Wildlife and Environmental Society of South Africa (WESSA) who is involved in training and execution of various similar sustainable projects. They started to believe in the content of our degree, as the exercises required them to show a lot of leadership and proactivity. The event was held in Sedgefield at the Pelican Lodge on the 19 June 2015, after the campus’s 2015 Graduation Ceremony, and was a great success. It is inspiring to see how these TSiBA Eden graduates are so independent after being at TSiBA for only one year. This competition is part of TSiBA’s strategy and vision to ignite opportunity among its students.
While the paintings in the French cave, which became known as the Grotte Chauvet, often have engraved contours, the Portuguese menagerie may also have been painted, but, being outdoors, their pigments have usually weathered away.
As shadows welled from the valley, we turned from the scarps and trundled downwards into the cleavage, till the road turned into a path to the water through a profusion of poppies.
Finally, I discerned a flock ambling down through dry brush, then a shirt flashed a white dot, and we converged within hailing distance on opposite banks. Even ideal panels on either side of a fig tree bulging titanically from a small cave were barren.
A stand of poplar trees crackled like Chinese New Year with small birds, abundant as leaves. It was a good thing we had his name, Lima Monteiro, because the Securitas guard on this side meant business.
Our compact car slid in among Mercedes and I stepped into glare, drawing cool stares from fleshy faces. My interlocutor explained that the Chief Engineer was powerless to help me, so he couldn't be bothered to give me an audience. Of course, the stories went, the honorable witnesses had refused to become accomplices and had immediately denounced the whole plot a€“ writing open letters to the Portuguese President, Vice President and Director of IPPAR - with carbon copies for the press.13 If only his employers had known that Rebanda was so naive!
She announced that it was no use disturbing the doctor, who I could see through a jarred door talking to someone over the phone with peevish vehemence.
Finally, I suggested that she didn't need to keep me company while I waited for the good doctor to get off the phone.
That's strange, I thought as I wandered off again, mulling over a mental photograph of the site distribution. And here were others, even closer to the construction site, at "RA?go de Vide", which had been submerged by the same old dam! Still, she caught me; whereupon I went on elaborating it, asking questions, and then padded back to the foyer again to continue my vigil. After all, the archaeologists and reporters had allowed the Tagus petrogylphs to be drowned with hardly a whimper. Not only did the contrast with his actions in Portugal now smack of a double standard, but there was a piquant irony.
With stakes this high, both parties unleashed their opinion-making machines, making hash of Clottesa€™ carefully weighed words as quickly as theya€™d vilified Rebanda.
Clottesa€™ words may have been earnest, but with stakes this high and politicized they were about as reasonable as Pontius Pilatea€™s attempts to keep the peace. I prefer to think the latter, and that his only mistake was thinking that people on both sides were lucid and reflective enough to interpret his verdict correctly.
In Rebanda's place, I'd have calmed down and let the traitors fall to sleep, but then I'd have snuck away - trekking fast through the dark, picking myself up when I fell, but getting out - bloody knees and all - and calling that alarm first! Furthermore, I had no doubt - whatever pacts he'd struck - that he would make up for them if only approached constructively.
After we'd faxed it, I was sorry to see him having to still recall and refax, as he nudged the request repeatedly through the unyielding bureaucracy.
Sebastian and I scrambled and tacked among the carious cliffs, till there was nothing left but rock overhanging the water itself.
But a huge horse, leaning over the depths, was both more graceful and cryptic, for someone had wedged a rusty horseshoe into a crack between its hooves.
No sooner had I chipped the thin device and steadily shoved each curve straight, than the hook slipped smoothly free.
Only Rebanda's long-suffering secretary had to keep her post and occupied herself by taking up the relay of calling and faxing. These red and gray devices were not only customized to match the guards' uniforms, but showed off the latest in high-tech materials and molding. As we wound our way down towards the reservoir among towering red cliffs, he took quiet pride in pointing out the hidden elements of scattered engravings.
But then Piscos Brook ran between trees, pastures and cane-groves, with cliffs full of shelters and stone panels at each bend. La Pintura, The Official Newsletter of the American Rock Art Research Association (Member of IFRAO) Volume 21, Number 3, Winter.
In the same book, which Jorge compiled to record the campaign he was spear-heading to save CA?a a€“ a laudatory effort, if there ever was one, that made Jorge synonymous with yet another of Rebandaa€™s finds - Bednarik is repeatedly dismissed as a a€?charlatana€? (pp. Jaffe accused the trio, who had taken over responsibility for the archaeological resources of the valley, of endangering art panels and refusing to allow qualified foreign researchers or even Dr.
Whatever the case may be, the problem of rock art conservation is still as far from resolution in Portugal as it is in most other places in the world.
Moses replied that the people cannot come up the mountain because limits had been set up around the mountain. Since the beginning of February I’ve had the privilege of being an active part of an organisation that strives to make the world a better place.
Their education and mentoring is sponsored by donations, volunteering and consultation services from supporters.
Skilled people who are willing and able to lend their time and effort to TSiBA’s mission are in short supply. My goal definitely was to share my knowledge and experience but also to learn as much as possible from the South African culture.
There is a strong and friendly relationship amongst the board, staff and students at TSiBA.
Overall we left a good impression; some of the students asked to take photos with us and requested that we visit the centre and their schools regularly.
It was a good exercise for the TSiBA Eden Alumni’s to gather and share their stories, discuss possible networking opportunities and ask “why are we here”- hopefully leading us to a bigger pay it forward purpose for our next gathering . Be sure to stay in touch with Marilyn Meyer .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address) to ensure that you are part of our next Alumni gathering so that we can Capture the Magic that happens at these events together! It will be the beginning of a hatchery within the Ignition Centre for student ideas, which will lead to incubation within the centre and eventually a new business start-up.
All that remains, where jagged outcroppings of schist jut from brushy slopes - exposing terminal facets perfect for murals - are hauntingly sinuous outlines of deer, horses, ibexes, and wild cattle called aurochs.
The first flurry of press articles had mentioned that many of the engravings were already submerged by the cofferdam holding the river back for the more monstrous wall rising downstream from it.
I sent greetings and the shepherd expostulated and gestured animatedly upstream towards towering slabs. For me, all of mankind's later accomplishments, all our later experience of good and evil only become possible after such art. The irrelevant exchange had sparked sympathy as we both waited - and waited, in similar irrelevance to someone too consumed to give us heed.
I would have to go to Lisbon, and no, it wouldn't do any good for him to fax; he didn't have an iota of authority.
Despite all the insinuations about Rebanda and IPPAR, they were actually the first to try blocking the philistines with the clout of an institution as important as UNESCO. About thirty years before, Francea€™s equivalent to the EDP had taken the entire Ardeche Gorge, where the Chauvet Cave had just been found, from its entrance at Sauze to a rainbow-huge, natural arch - Vallon Pont da€™Arc, next to Chauvet - by eminent domain, to build a dam.
These conscientious people know that theya€™re barely tolerated by the forces of Mammon - scraping crumbs from the tables of vast enterprises armed with dynamite and bulldozers - and make compacts all the time with them, telling themselves, for instance, that the alluvial strata that cement plants exploit are always too tumbled to contain intact Acheulian hearths. If only he'd announced the discovery, co-opted his employers, and splashed masterpieces across magazine covers while the art's existence was still fresh, he might have won honor, fame, a very small fortune (and maybe even kept his job). Within weeks, local academics had begun signing their names to Rebandaa€™s discoveries, tracings, and interpretations while forgetting to cite him.
I'd have been the one to announce the existence of the largest gathering of open-air Paleolithic engravings in Europe to the world. Slate slabs, thoughtfully laid into a wall as steps, led down through a canopy of fig trees into a cavernous wallow between cliffs.
I woke Sebastian in time to see the beast lumber over the bank and glide away, and then it was high time we checked out our other line at the doctor's office. Noon passed as we still waited together like an old couple, talking about the doctor's misery, Australian rock art, translations; whatever.
The guards stiffened as Sebastian and I had the gumption to breach a forbidden zone and stride blithely forward.
There were so many warblers piping and whistling, there must have been a dozen species with overlapping territories. Botha€? - Baptista and Gomes a€“ a€?were closely involved in the rationale to submerge the rock art (to 'protect it from vandals'); in fact, on 8 November Baptista spoke of how sedimentation behind dams should protect rock arta€? - my italics.
After our departure, Bednarik and three other researchers (Alan Watchman from Canada, plus Fred Phillips and Ronald Dorn from the USA), who believed that they had found ways to date rock art directly, studied some of the CA?aa€™s engravings during separate visits. 1995 that was led by Mounir Bouchenaki, the IPPAR formed a scientific committee consisting of Antonio BeltrA?n, Emmanuel Anati and Jean Clottes, who came back for a second round. Every Christian believer has the responsibility to spread the gospel to the people around them.
The beneficiaries do not pay back, rather pay it forward by creating jobs and driving social change by empowering other underprivileged people. There is ample scope for leveraging the skills and knowledge I gathered from my professional and MBA experience. All had a chance to introduce themselves and tell the others what they are currently doing after completing their studies at TSiBA Eden.
Hopefully, the TSiBA Pitch and Poster Competition can lead to many student initiated businesses and a stronger connection between the Ignition Centre, TSiBA students and the Entrepreneurship Curriculum! And so, forgive me, but in comparison to these ancient windows, cathedrals seem to have anti-climatic and overwrought power. Except for the absence now of bigger species, this was how Solutreans had experienced the world - with whistling, mooing, barking, roaring and trumpeting not just on the Serengeti, but to the frozen north! So much will go unrecorded because of all this fuss.a€? a€“ So, Rebanda is resigned to the inevitability of the flooding, I thought. If the dam had been built, a dozen known art caves would have been flooded or affected by rising water tables. So rather than condemn Clottes, perhaps the Portuguese should simply admit his diplomacy opened the debate, even if one might wish that hea€™d been a crusader. From Chauveta€™s pinnacle, its gatekeeper was probably right to dismiss the scratchings, which I too thought could have been the kneading of bears, but the contrast between the levels of encouragement was striking. Although they granted him the discovery of Hella€™s Canyon (in footnotes), other sites that Rebanda had already noted were soon claimed by competitors as Rebanda was effectively silenced.
And Vitor and his wife, Susanaa€? - was it my imagination or did her name stick in his craw?
Their stingy hypocrisy and philistinism revolted me: they wouldn't spend a penny on protecting such discoveries, but they'd drown the world up to its headwaters to keep driving Mercedes. Goldfinches sparked into the air, a crested hoopoo flashed orange and black, and the shaggy canes were a tumult of avian chatter.
Jaffe was also the IFRAO representative of the SocietA  Cooperativa Archaeologica, Le Orme della€™Uomo, Italy (Bednarik 1994). But not before signing controversial non-disclosure agreements with the EDP, which was hoping that their techniques would yield dates so recent that they could be used to ridicule stylistic daters who had identified the engravings as Paleolithic (Baptista & Fernandes 2007, p. Through initiatives at Ignition Centre there is opportunity to engage and work with entrepreneurs and other organisations, to share my experiences with them, and to be part of their learning journey.
This inspiring strategy is an analogy for a basketball game when a player “posts up” in preparation for receiving the ball and scoring! We are so excited to see what the students come up with for our TSiBA Pitch and Poster Competition! Intermittent splashes smacked echoes off the walls, a frog croaked and some beast keened a cry we had never heard. When I asked if they could intercede on our behalf, she said one had to apply in person, in Lisbon, and have connections. In fact, paw prints indicated that we had missed cornering another feral dog or fox in its lair.
Surgically, it was a nightmare: I'd have to pry its head out, keep its neck extended, wedge open its powerful beak and finally thrust the treble barbs down its throat, so as to carefully extract their burr, without snagging them again! Finally, they agreed that one of them would walk parallel to us, down the fence-line, to let us in the distant gate.
At our feet, frogs skipped like pebbles and painted turtles rowed earnestly in tangled water blossoms - all for the taking. Unless you and I and all of us together add our voices to those of the Portuguese citizenry trekking down for a last look, and reclaim what is OURS! The story of the denunciation is from Bednarik (1994) and Simons in the New York Times (1994).
Interactions with TSiBA students is another exciting opportunity to learn and understand the South African culture. Even the Chauvet Cave, which was unknown, might have been threatened by the changing water table!
Unfortunately, Bednarik, who is one of the worlda€™s most encyclopedically informed, accomplished, and bold prehistorians, walked right into the trap. Jorgea€™s utter dismissal of Bednarik was clearly motivated by the lattera€™s implicit condemnation of the way that Jorge had appropriated Rebandaa€™s earlier discovery at Mazouco, instigating Rebandaa€™s secrecy that was one component of the CA?a a€?cover-upa€? (Bednarik 1994, p.
Later, Bednarik spear-headed another campaign to save a Portuguese rock-art assemblage from inundation a€“ this time behind a dam in the Guadiana Valley - and noted that a€?None of this helps the rock art of the Guadiana, condemned to inundation under billions of tonnes of lake sediment as the reservoir silts up over the next 70 yearsa€? a€“ again, my italics. For our TSiBA Pitch and Poster competition the Ignition Centre will a receive 15,000R grant from the Rotary Club of Newlands.
Do you think I'm such a fool as to invite the man who deprived me of the credit for my first discovery, to come see my greatest wonders if it wasn't because I needed all the allies I could get; if it wasn't because I even needed the universities to help save them. Ironically, the mandarin in Porto would come out smelling like roses for his campaign while the roles of several well-meaning prehistorians, if I may insist upon the word, were simplified so as to make them better scapegoats.
This is an amazing opportunity for TSiBA students to win seed funding for their business ideas!
First, because his dating system, which was based on determining the degree of micro-erosion undergone by a rock face, had been developed in Australia, where climate and geological conditions are different from Portugala€™s.
This odd statement flies in the face of Bednarika€™s consistent defense of both the CA?aa€™s art and other assemblages, suggesting that it was a ploy to get the EDP to allow them to test their methods. Even though both men concluded that their observations proved that the art was no older than the Neolithic, Bednarik did not repeat the notion, when announcing his results, that a relatively recent vintage diminished the arta€™s importance or the need to protect it a€“ quite the contrary.



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