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Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The occurrence of natural disasters is currently one of the major developmental challenges that the world is facing.
MCGM (Disaster Cell), "The Bombay City Ambulance Corps", and "Mumbai fire Brigade" for faculty and content support. Disaster Management Cell - a Community Based Disaster Risk Management Program to organize people in the community for disaster preparedness, therefore, we are coming up with a training course in Disaster Management. Training of Trainers Programme in Disaster Management -(first aid and life saving techniques).
Volunteers completing the workshop successfully will be awarded Certificates by Nirmala Niketan, United Way of India and MGCM (Mumbai). Disaster preparedness is essential to all citizens, communities and disaster relief organizations whether state, federal or community based. Our catalog of disaster preparedness products include but are not limited to communications equipment, emergency rations, search and rescue equipment, disaster & safety supplies, disaster kits, lighting equipment, sanitation supplies, trauma kits and storage containers for all of your disaster relief equipment and supplies. Emergency supplies, first aid supplies, perishable food, water, clothing and bedding are the six major necessities the Red Cross advises for homeowners, businesses and disaster relief organizations to have on hand at all times in case of medical emergencies due to natural disasters. As in all situations in our life whether good or bad, there is usually a plan we follow to achieve what it is we set out to do. First Respond is your number one source for everything having to do with emergency management or disaster relief efforts in your state or community. Sign up for our newsletter to get exclusive deals you will not find anywhere else straight to your inbox! For many, disaster resilience is all about better infrastructure, efficient early warning systems, and stronger institutions.
In this video, Senior Social Development Specialist Margaret Arnold explains how the World Bank is working with client countries and local communities to bring the social dimension of disaster risk management to the forefront. To help clients achieve their development objectives, the World Bank has established knowledge-sharing "hubs" in countries that have gained valuable experience from dealing with their own challenges. Every 2 to 7 years, the cyclical warming of Pacific Ocean waters triggers a global pattern of weather changes that can be felt across many different parts of the world. Ahead of World Water Day 2016, Lead Disaster Risk Management Specialist Christoph Pusch explains how the World Bank helps client countries anticipate, respond to, and recover from El Nino-related shocks such as droughts or floods. Women are seen in their traditional role of home-makers, but might their ability to take on managerial roles in disaster risk management be underestimated?
As part of the India Disaster Risk Management team, I travelled on the “Road2Resilience” bus journey along the entire coast of India.
It was recorded by the Spanish conquistadors, and triggered famines that have been linked to China’s 1901 Boxer Rebellion and even the French revolution. Named by Peruvian fishermen because of its tendency to appear around Christmastime, El Nino is the planet’s most large-scale and recurring mode of climate variability. The fact that we are undergoing a major El Nino event should cause major concern and requires mobilization now.
But despite its thousand-year history, the devastation associated with El Nino is not inevitable. About 9,000 lives have been lost to the devastating earthquake in Nepal on April 25 and the powerful aftershock on May 12.
As the people of Vanuatu begin the painstaking task of assessing the damage to their homes, businesses, and their communities in the wake of Cyclone Pam, another assessment is underway behind the scenes. The Pacific catastrophe risk insurance pilot stands as an example of what’s available to protect countries against disaster risks. The World Bank Group acts as an intermediary between Pacific Island countries and a group of reinsurance companies – Mitsui Sumitomo Insurance, Sompo Japan Insurance, Tokio Marine and Nichido Fire Insurance and Swiss Re. Japan, the World Bank Group, and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) partnered with the Pacific Island nations to launch the pilot in 2013. Globally, direct financial losses from natural disasters are steadily increasing, having reached an average of $165 billion per year over the last 10 years, outstripping the amount of official development assistance almost every year. The World Bank Group and other partners have been working together successfully on innovative efforts to scale up disaster risk finance.
The Caribbean Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility (CCRIF) is another good example of the benefits of pooled insurance schemes, and served as the model for the Pacific pilot.
We also know that better solutions for disaster risk management are powered by the innovation that results when engineers, sector specialists, and financial experts come together to work as a team. In early 2014 I saw a video circulated by a colleague, wherein someone from Japan had put together all the earthquakes that struck Japan between January 2011 to September 2011, essentially capturing the early tremors, the Great Tohoku earthquake of March 11, 2011 and subsequent aftershocks.
Over a one-year period from May 2013 to May 2014, there were a total of 1,247 recorded earthquake events of 4.0 magnitude or higher. With over 600 million people living along the fault-line across the Himalayan belt, South Asia’s earthquake exposure is very high. We decided to create a video that would become an awareness tool and effectively communicate the risk the region faces.
When a tornado devastated Joplin in spring 2011, South Joplin Christian Church didn’t have a plan. About 100 clergy and lay people attended a two-day training session in Columbia, Mo., earlier this month focused on how to become a disaster readiness coordinator for a church or faith-based organization. The training also laid the ground work for a new organization: the Association of Local Faith Based Disaster Readiness Coordinators. One of the coordinators, Bill Rose Heim, pastor for the Northwest Area Christian Church Disciples of Christ of Mid-America, said it all started when he and others he works with saw a need that wasn’t being met.
They connected with the State Emergency Management Agency, the American Red Cross and other organizations to put together this pilot program.
This Disaster Readiness Coordinator bag is one of many that got handed out to participants in a disaster preparedness training in Columbia, Mo., on March 28-29. Plans like this one, she said, could be brought back to members of churches and other organizations to help ensure the safety of members at home. For group planning, Dante Gliniecki, the volunteer coordinator for Missouri SEMA, recommended that people start by exploring which potential hazards their communities face. During a disaster preparedness training session for churches and other faith-based organizations, participants did several group activities where they brainstormed about what faith communities could do and need to consider in planning for disasters.
Then, he said, evaluate how each scenario could impact the faith community, and figure out what to do in each situation with both short-term and long-term plans.
Phillip Iman, the disaster specialist for the Heart of Missouri chapter of the American Red Cross, said about one third of businesses and faith-based organizations have no continuity plans for how to move forward after a disaster. Michel, whose church was damaged in the Joplin tornado, shared tips based on her experience: Know the church’s insurance policy. Gliniecki said that after evaluating the impact a disaster would have on the organizational level, the next step is to think about how it would impact the community, and which needs your faith-based organization can fill.

Several presenters stressed the importance of finding a niche, based on the strengths of the group, whether that’s becoming a shelter, helping care for displaced pets, cooking, providing children’s activities or helping remove debris.
Jill Michel, pastor of South Joplin Christian Church, offers a blessing to Barbara Churchill by anointing her hands with oil during the send-off of a Disaster Readiness Coordinator training session in Columbia, Mo., March 28-29. He and others emphasized the importance of collaboration with other groups and agencies – that way, everything is more organized, streamlined and supported. One of the ways faith-based organizations can connect with existing efforts is through a VOAD – Voluntary Organizations Active in Disaster – a network of groups found in every state that come together to fill disaster-related needs. Many cities and counties also have a local version – a COAD, or Community Organizations Active in Disaster.
Churches who become certified through the American Red Cross face fewer liability issues and can secure disaster resources such as food and cots, along with volunteer training.
John Pyron of Lutheran Family and Children’s Services challenged his audience to keep perspective amid all the logistical planning and collaboration. These are just a few of the many disaster preparation and response resources available – check with your city, state and religious group for more. About the Author Latest PostsAbout Kellie MooreKellie Moore (formerly Kotraba) served as the editor and community manager of Columbia Faith & Values through summer 2014.
The State of Disaster PhilanthropyThis report details giving by 1,000 of the largest foundations in the United States.
What happens if you’re pregnant and start hemorrhaging, but the health care center has been destroyed? When disaster strikes, whether it’s a humanitarian crisis or a natural disaster, some of those fleeing for their lives are pregnant and will give birth.
In any population, even in peacetime, about 15 percent of all pregnancies result in life-threatening complications, such as severe bleeding, infections or dangerously high blood pressure.
Tacloban, the provincial capital of Eastern Visayas, was hit by a 20-foot storm surge during Typhoon Yolanda. The Philippines, prone to typhoons, earthquakes and volcanos, is well versed in disaster risk reduction and has integrated reproductive health into Disaster Risk Management policies at the national and sub-national levels. To address this, the New York-based NGO Women’s Refugee Commission conducted a three-day training, with support from the Center for Disaster Philanthropy and in partnership with the New York-based Huairou Commission, of trainers in Tacloban on how to incorporate reproductive health and gender into emergency preparedness. Thirty members of DAMPA, a grassroots, women-led people’s federation of 230 urban and rural poor community groups, participated in the training.
DAMPA trainees, with (center back) Sandra Krause of the Women’s Refugee Commission, who led the training (photo courtesy of WRC).
Community mapping illustrates existing capacities and gaps in barangays, as they relate to reproductive health services and gender protection (photo courtesy of WRC).
A final component of the training was a mini communications course, teaching participants to tell success stories using photographs (teams received cameras) and words. After three days — and concrete evidence that everyone’s knowledge of reproductive health and gender had increased (based on a pre-test and post-test ) — participants returned to their barangays. The Women’s Refugee Commission and DAMPA facilitators will work with participants to revise and implement their action plans, and to tell success stories using photographs and narrative.
Thanks to this training and the commitment of the participants, when the next natural disaster hits, at least in this corner of the country, Filipinos will be better equipped to take care of the needs of women and girls, including those who are pregnant. The Society for National Integration through Rural Development (SNIRD), an NGO working with the fisherfolk communities in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India, has long been working towards reducing community vulnerability and strengthening coping mechanisms. The purpose of the course is to build capacity of community groups to handle any disasters effectively and to save lives of maximum people at the time of disasters by initiating support activities. With the effects of recent natural disasters such as the Indian ocean tsunami in 2004, Hurricane Katrina or the atrocious tornado season of 2006 in the Midwest, all of these situations were handled by utilizing a structured and thought out disaster preparedness plan understanding the short and long term affects of such disaster situations. When looking to keep, yourself, your loved ones and your fellow neighbors free from the repercussions of natural disasters, we here at 1st Aid Supplies have set out to accommodate any and all forms of emergency management or disaster preparedness in your state or community.
1st Aid Supplies carries major emergency provisions such as first aid kits, trauma kits, hard hats, latex gloves, sleeping cots, medical backboards, respirators, fire blankets, shake flashlights, megaphones and just about everything else needed in your or your community's time of need. Just the same, during an emergency situation such as a natural disaster, a disaster management plan should already be in place so that individuals have an idea on what to expect and how to react to a specific situation.
While those aspects are obviously crucial, we shouldn’t overlook the role of communities themselves in preparing for and responding to disasters. That is the rationale behind the creation of a Disaster Risk Management (DRM) Hub and Tokyo Development Learning Center (TDLC) in Japan, a country that has developed unparalleled expertise in disaster resilience, quality infrastructure, and sustainable urban development.
This phenomenon, known as "El Nino", translates into intense rainfall and floods in certain areas, and severe drought in others. Along with the team’s mission to provide implementation support to the six coastal disaster management projects, I also focused on women’s participation in the mitigation activities of these projects. However, my interactions with the community - especially women - highlighted how women in coastal India are seriously taking disaster risk management into their own hands. Every 2-7 years, a slackening of trade winds that push sun-warmed water across the Pacific contributes to a rise in water temperature across large parts of the ocean. Meteorologists see a 95% chance of the El Nino lasting into 2016, with its most extreme effects arriving between now and March.
Progress made by many other countries since the last major event, in 1997-98, shows that we can get a grip on its effect – and others caused by climate trends. A conference in Kathmandu on June 25 will bring Nepal together with its international partners to build the country back better and safer.
From Afghanistan to Bangladesh, much of South Asia is located in one of the highest seismically active regions in the world.
Tonga was the first country to benefit from the payout in January 2014, receiving an immediate payment of US $1.27 million towards recovery from Cyclone Ian.
Increasing exposure from economic growth, and urbanization—as well as a changing climate—are driving costs even further upward.
One important priority is harnessing the knowledge, expertise and capital of the private sector. Launched in 2007, this first-ever multi-country risk pool today operates with sixteen participating countries, providing members with aggregate insurance coverage of over $600 million with 8 payments made over the last 8 years totaling of US$32 million. We deliberately steered away from talking about work being undertaken to reduce seismic risks or policy mechanisms that can be adopted.
But in Missouri, faith groups are partnering up with disaster-related agencies to change that. The training was part of an effort to better equip churches and faith-based organizations to respond to disaster.
The group will direct people to training opportunities and other resources, provide support and bring people together to share best practices. She taught the group the concepts of “Ready in 3”: create a plan, prepare a kit and listen for information. He recommended Ready Rating, a free online resource the Red Cross offers for those who want to make a readiness plan and get feedback on how to improve it.

Keep a list of members’ main out-of-town contacts, or places they would go in an emergency.
Those who aren’t sure whether their area has a COAD or want to know how to get involved can reach out to their county’s emergency management director. Although she is originally from the West – Nevada and California – she’s now proud to call Missouri home.
In the aftermath of a disaster, the risk for sexual violence, including rape and sexual exploitation and abuse, also spikes. In many cases, these complications can be routinely addressed and resolved by health care providers. One of the strongest typhoons ever to make landfall, the storm caused an estimated 6,300 deaths, displaced more than 4.1 million people and destroyed more than one million homes. More than 2,500 people were killed and most buildings, including health care facilities, were destroyed or damaged (photo used via creative commons). More than 2,500 people were killed and most buildings, including health care facilities, were destroyed or damaged. However, there are gaps in knowledge and planning at the community level on how to mitigate the unique risks of women and girls in emergencies. Representing eight barangays (municipal districts) from the nearby towns of Tanuan, Tolosa and Lawaan, the 27 women and three men included students, store keepers, health workers, barangay officials, a manicurist, a seamstress and retirees.
The goal is that they will share their new expertise and train a further 1,000 people in their communities.
As there were no preparedness measures among the communities, the impact of the disaster was worsened, often destroying their livelihood support mechanisms. This plan would consist of highlighting all scenarios possible in a particular situation and providing all the necessary provisions to citizens affected or in a position to be affected by a natural disaster such as tornadoes, hurricanes, floods, mudslides or blizzards. All of these materials should be easily accessible for yourself or anyone who is given the task of administering first aid, feeding the displaced, accommodating displaced victims or to maintain a person's condition until more appropriate medical attention arrives.
We strive to provide the disaster relief equipment needed while also educating future consumers, victims or medical personnel on what to expect during an emergency due to a natural disaster. After all, the success of both preparedness and recovery efforts depends largely on local residents' ability to anticipate risk, on their relationship with local and national authorities, and on the way they organize themselves when disaster strikes. In this video, Keiko Sakoda Kaneda (DRM Hub) and Daniel Levine (TDLC) elaborate on some of the key elements of their work program, and explain how they collaborate with development partners from around the world. Due to its impact on precipitation, El Nino can seriously undermine water security, decrease agricultural yields and threaten livestock–putting considerable pressure on the livelihoods of affected communities. As the heat rises, a global pattern of weather changes ensues, triggering heat waves in many tropical regions and extreme drought or rainfall in others. More than 600 million people live along the fault-line across the Himalayan belt that runs through Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal and Bhutan.
The category 5 cyclone hit the island of Ha’apai, one of the most populated of Tonga’s 150 islands, causing $50 million in damages and losses (11 percent of the country’s GDP) and affected nearly 6,000 people. Such partnerships in disaster risk assessment and financing can encourage the use of catastrophe models for the public good, stimulating investment in risk reduction and new risk-sharing arrangements in developing countries. As a parametric sovereign risk transfer facility, it provides member countries with immediate liquidity following disasters. While the video was a visual representation of an event, could the same concept be used to create a product that could become a tool for raising awareness to a serious issue?
The region has experienced three large events over the past 15 years, the Bhuj earthquake of 2001, the Sumatra earthquake of 2004 (leading to the Asian tsunami) and the 2005 Kashmir earthquake.
The website for the group,, is under construction, and should be ready sometime in April. Make plans for your building – the sanctuary at Michel’s church had to be gutted, but they already had some long-range building plans drawn up for another reason, so they put those to use and moved back in within six months. Churchill participated on behalf of the church she attends, Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic Church in Columbia. What if you have to give birth on the roadside or in a tent and you have no postnatal care in the critical hours and days after childbirth? Hence SNIRD initiated a project to organize the community and imparted trainings towards disaster coping mechanisms. Many of our trauma kits and first aid kits are available in easy to carry cases, duffle bags or backpacks for easy transport and ease of use during an emergency situation. In the aftermath of a catastrophe, rebuilding not just the physical environment but also the livelihoods of people is also essential, including through effective social protection systems and safety nets. Indeed, Berkeley Professor Soloman Hsiang has used historical data to demonstrate that the likelihood of new conflict outbreaks in tropical regions doubles from 3% to 6% in an El Nino year. While there have been no major earthquakes these past 9 years, the region is akin to a ticking bomb for an earthquake disaster. This is a short 90 seconds video and hopefully communicates the urgency of investing resources and efforts into earthquake safety. The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of ColumbiaFAVS. Ten days after the disaster, the agency reported that nearly 900 women were giving birth each day, with around 130 likely to experience potentially life-threatening complications. The project followed a community-based strategy, making use of Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) techniques by involving the community.
A structured communication plan should also be implemented so that victims, medical personnel, police, volunteers, firefighters and the many different disaster relief organizations are better able to communicate. Keeping this in mind, we mapped a region of 3000 Km radius from the center of India and analyzed earthquake events over a one-year period from May 2013 to May 2014. Most arrived with little or no expertise in reproductive health or gender-based violence issues as they relate to emergency preparedness. This paper deals with the techniques of vulnerability assessment by involving the community and in preparing alternate livelihood income plan towards disaster preparedness and management. This allows for more care and attention to those in need, accommodating and feeding displaced victims and allowing for easy transport of victims and emergency equipment to their respective destinations. Only those earthquakes recorded by the United States Geological Survey’s global earthquake monitoring database (USGS) greater than 4.0 magnitude on the Richter scale were considered.
The project was evaluated using an amended version of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) and found that the project was able to sufficiently increase their alternative livelihood mechanisms and therewith comprehensively and sustainable decrease community vulnerability to natural disasters.

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Comments to “Community based disaster preparedness and mitigation”

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