Disaster management and human rights,national geographic watch online documentaries movies,american pie 3 movie free online 2014,survival kits water purification methods - Good Point

DescriptionRecently, there has been a disturbing increase in the number of natural disasters affecting millions of people, destroying property and resulting in loss of human life. Today the world faces unparalleled threats from human-made disasters that can be attributed to failure of industrial and energy installations as well as to terrorism.
The world is facing an increasing frequency and intensity of disasters - natural and man-made - that has had devastating impacts. The November 2004 typhoons in the Philippines claimed over 1,000 lives and devastated the livelihoods of many more. Around the globe, land use and land cover changes are eroding the natural buffers that protect communities from hazard risk. The impacts of disasters, whether natural or man-made, not only have human dimensions, but environmental ones as well.
The high volume of wastes from disasters, from households and debris from forests and rivers, also constitute a major concern for proper disposal. We have only now come to realize that taking care of our natural resources and managing them wisely not only assures that future generations will be able to live sustainably, but also reduces the risks that natural and man-made hazards pose to people living today.
Meteorological and hydrological events, such as typhoons, are hazards that cause heavy rain, high wind and sea surges.
Environmental degradation combined with human activities are at the origin of numerous catastrophes such as flooding, desertification, fires, as well as technological disasters and transport accidents.
There is a clear need to reinforce the importance of environmental concerns in the entire disaster management cycle of prevention, preparedness, assessment, mitigation and response and to integrate environmental concerns into planning for relief, rehabilitation, reconstruction and development. Comprehensive understanding of natural systems coupled with the application of management tools such as environmental evaluation and risk assessment can make a major contribution to a reduction of risks and mitigation of any impacts.
There is a need to highlight the role that comprehensive environmental management can play in reducing the risk of disasters, and to mitigate the consequences if they should nevertheless occur - both on human lives and on the broader ecology.
Specifically, we need to examine the need for a multi-stakeholder partnership that links local governments, private sector entities, and civil society organizations in order to facilitate more effective disaster prevention and mitigation.
Much work needs to be done in facilitating a sustained dialogue between different decision makers in the fields of both disaster and environment at global, regional and national levels.
The focus should be on assessing global environmental conditions in order to identify potential environmental problems and new ways to address the complex effects of environmental change on sustainable development - requiring particular attention to be paid to the broad causes and effects of disasters.

The increasing frequency and severity of man-made and natural disasters may well be changing the global environment. It is clear that further coordination and cooperation on environmental matters depends on the global community's ability to set an environmental agenda for disaster management, and in particular, to pay attention to the environmental conditions that lead to disasters, and to natural resource management for disaster prevention and reduction. There is a clear need to reinforce the importance of environmental concerns in the entire disaster management cycle of prevention, preparedness, assessment, mitigation and response and to integrate environmental concerns into planning for relief, rehabilitation, reconstruction and development.
Added to this is the unparalleled threat of emerging and re-emerging diseases, with scientists predicting events such as an influenza pandemic. She formerly taught corporate social responsibility at the University of Toronto, in the Rotman School of Management, and global environmental processes at Royal Roads University.
Brebbia, Wessex Institute of Technology, UKDisaster Management and Human Health Risk IIC.A.
As reported by the secretariat of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR), the last ten years have seen 478,100 people killed, more than 2.5 billion people affected and about US$ 690 billion in economic losses. The recent Indian Ocean Tsunami was even more distrutive: more than 150,000 lives were lost. Logging, both legal and illegal, contributed to the incidence of flooding and landslides; but this is only the most recent evidence of the importance of wise environmental management for disaster risk reduction.
Environmental conditions may exacerbate the impact of a disaster, and vice versa, disasters have an impact on the environment. A study conducted by Japan's Ministry of Environment also showed that air pollution from urban and industrial sources has lead to increased acid rain by hurricanes and typhoons. Emphasizing and reinforcing the centrality of environmental concerns in disaster management has become a critical priority, requiring the sound management of natural resources as a tool to prevent disasters or lessen their impacts on people, their homes and livelihoods. But the real damage also happens due to the vulnerability of the people who lie in its path.
This will also require the enhancement of capacities to undertake short and medium-term activities in disaster management based on long-term environmental considerations.
An important aspect is the involvement of a broader range of partners in such a process, and to fully engage the resources and interests of the private sector in prevention and mitigation. This dialogue will stem from raising greater awareness of the interface between disaster risk and environmental change, and identifying gaps in the understanding of critical hazards and risks at the local level.

This will require the strengthening of capacities of developing countries and countries in economic transition to deal with environmental emergencies. You are free to share and adapt this piece of work for your own purposes, as long as it is appropriately citied. She has completed work on climate change and human health in North America for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, a joint venture of the United Nations Environmental Programme and the World Meteorological Organization. Disasters triggered by hydro-meteorological hazards amounted for 97 percent of the total people affected by disasters, and 60 percent of the total economic losses.
Other environmental changes, such as anthropogenic global warming, promise to create new challenges to the security and sustainability of communities around the world.
Post-disaster assessment of hurricanes and typhoons have clearly illustrated that, along with disaster preparedness, proper management of the environment - its air, land, water, forests, and wastes, go a long way in reducing the risks and vulnerabilities associated with typhoons. Although the inherent links between disaster reduction and environmental management are recognized, little research and policy work has been undertaken on the subject. Business leadership of ‘prevention’ actions in civil society and industry needs to occur as a complement to government policies and institutional arrangements.
The dialogue will have to lead to new approaches in managing risk, and the environment, at the same time. Global meetings and initiatives, including the ISDR itself, have solidly endorsed the issue of emergency prevention, preparedness, assessment, mitigation and response, and strengthened the need to transfer know-how on environmental emergencies. There are, however, opportunities to reduce disaster risk, and enhance community resilience.
The concept of using environmental tools for disaster reduction has not yet been widely applied by many practitioners." (ISDR). Such an approach relies on industry codes and standards as a supplement to regulations, thus achieving enhanced reduction of civil society’s vulnerability to potential disasters.

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