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Five years after the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami, Red Cross recovery efforts continue. Japanese Red Cross Society\'s Disaster Medical Assistance Teams (DMAT) are briefed before being sent to Mount Ontake for rescue operations. At least 31 people are known to have perished following the unexpected volcanic eruption of Japan’s Mount Ontake on Saturday. Over 250 hikers were at the peak when the volcano which lies about 130 miles west of Tokyo, began spewing rocks, ash and thick smoke. The Japanese Red Cross immediately dispatched seven Disaster Medical Assistance Teams (DMAT) to the area to care for survivors.
One of the doctors and a nurse accompanied a mountain rescue helicopter and were able to rescue two severely injured people from a cottage at the peak of the mountain, who were immediately evacuated to the Takayama Hospital. The 23 people who were able to walk down the mountain were taken to the Gero City evacuation center. The hikers evacuated from Mount Ontake came from different prefectures all over Japan; the Red Cross stands ready to provide follow up care through their network of hospitals across the country.
La Federation internationale des Societes de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge constitue, avec ses 190 Societes nationales membres, le plus vaste reseau humanitaire du monde.
From the area where the tsunami originates, waves travel outward in all directions much like the ripples caused by throwing a rock into a pond. Advisory - An earthquake has occurred in the Pacific basin, which might generate a tsunami. Watch - A tsunami was or may have been generated, but is at least two hours travel time to the area in Watch status. Warning - A tsunami was, or may have been generated, which could cause damage; therefore, people in the warned area are strongly advised to evacuate.
Listen to radio or television for more information and follow the instructions of your local authorities.
Immediate warning of tsunamis sometimes comes in the form of a noticeable recession in water away from the shoreline. Do not let the modest size of one wave allow you to forget how dangerous tsunamis are.The next wave in the series may be much larger.
Flood effects can be very local, impacting a neighborhood or community, or very large, effecting entire river basins and multiple states.
Be aware of flood hazards no matter where you live, but especially if you live in a low-lying area, near water or downstream from a dam.
Go to higher ground during floods.Moving water only 6 inches deep can knock you off your feet.
Purchase a NOAA Weather Radio with battery backup and a tone-alert feature that automatically alerts you when a Watch or Warning is issued (tone alert not available in some areas).

Determine how you would care for household members who may live elsewhere but might need your help in a flood. FEMA manages the National Flood Insurance Program, which makes federally-backed flood insurance available in communities that agree to adopt and enforce floodplain management ordinances to reduce future flood damage. There is a 30-day waiting period before flood insurance goes into effect, so don’t delay. Flood insurance is available whether the building is in or out of the identified floodprone area.
Keep insurance policies, deeds, property records and other important papers in a safe place away from your home. Elevate furnace, water heater, and electric panel to higher floors or the attic if they are susceptible to flooding. Construct barriers such as levees, berms, and floodwalls to stop floodwater from entering the building. If there is any possibility of a flash flood, move immediately to higher ground.Do not wait for instructions to move. Listen for news reports to learn whether the community’s water supply is safe to drink. Listen to news reports for information about where to get assistance for housing, clothing and food.
Climate - Vulnerability to Nature, Environmental Disasters and Disaster preparedness - Education - Recovery - Etc. Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration, PAGASA confirmed earlier.
The bodies of the dead were found by rescue teams from the police and fire departments who reached the peak yesterday afternoon in their search for survivors.
Masato Ukita, was the leader of a seven-member team from the nearby Japanese Red Cross Takayama Hospital in Gifu prefecture. From the fire department, we were hearing that patients were in a terrible condition and might be suffering from oxygen deficiency”,  explained Dr. Fortunately their condition was not as severe as expected but we sent three patients by helicopter to the hospital. En tant que membres du Mouvement international de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge, nous sommes guides dans notre travail par sept Principes fondamentaux: humanite, impartialite, neutralite, independance, volontariat, unite et universalite.
A tsunami can move hundreds of miles per hour in the open ocean and smash into land with waves as high as 100 feet or more, although most waves are less than 18 feet high. Do not be fooled into thinking that the danger is over after a single wave - a tsunami is not a single wave but a series of waves that can vary in size.
Even very small streams, gullies, creeks, culverts, dry streambeds or lowlying ground that appear harmless in dry weather can flood.

Plan a place to meet your household in case you are separated from one another in a disaster and cannot return home. Remember a battery operatedNOAA Weather Radio with a tone alert feature and extra batteries. Flash floods can occur in these areas with or without such typical warning signs as rain clouds or heavy rain. Six inches of water will reach the bottom of most passenger cars causing loss of control and possible stalling.
One patient had a left subclavian open fracture and was having breathing difficulties, another broke his left arm and other had severe internal bleeding on his hip and left arm because of falling volcanic rocks”.
If a major earthquake or landslide occurs close to shore, the first wave in a series could reach the beach in a few minutes, even before a warning is issued.
Remember a battery operated NOAA Weather Radio with a tonealert feature and extra batteries.
All tsunamis are potentially dangerous, even though they may not damage every coastline they strike. Areas are at greater risk if less than 25 feet above sea level and within a mile of the shoreline. Flash floods can develop quickly, sometimes in just a few minutes, without any visible signs of rain.
In some emergencies, calling outof- state is possible even when local phone lines are down. Flash floods often have a dangerous wall of roaring water that carries a deadly cargo of rocks, mud and other debris and can sweep away most things in its path.
If floodwaters rise around your car, abandon the car and move to higher ground, if you can do so safely.
Tsunami waves and the receding water are very destructive to structures in the run-up zone. Overland flooding occurs outside a de- fined river or stream, such as when a levee is breached, but still can be destructive. The most destructive tsunamis have occurred along the coasts of California, Oregon, Washington, Alaska and Hawaii.
Other hazards include flooding, contamination of drinking water and fires from gas lines or ruptured tanks.

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