Disaster strategy plan definition,survival stores new york 2014,medical emergency response plan for construction - Tips For You

Learn how to develop disaster recovery strategies as well as how to write a disaster recovery plan with these step-by-step instructions.
Formulating a detailed recovery plan is the main aim of the entire IT disaster recovery planning project. Once this work is out of the way, youa€™re ready to move on to developing disaster recovery strategies, followed by the actual plans. Once you have identified your critical systems, RTOs, RPOs, etc, create a table, as shown below, to help you formulate the disaster recovery strategies you will use to protect them. Youa€™ll want to consider issues such as budgets, managementa€™s position with regard to risks, the availability of resources, costs versus benefits, human constraints, technological constraints and regulatory obligations. Once your disaster recovery strategies have been developed, youa€™re ready to translate them into disaster recovery plans. From Table 2 you can expand the high-level steps into more detailed step-by-step procedures, as you deem necessary. In addition to using the strategies previously developed, IT disaster recovery plans should form part of an incident response process that addresses the initial stages of the incident and the steps to be taken. Note: We have included emergency management in Figure 2, as it represents activities that may be needed to address situations where humans are injured or situations such as fires that must be addressed by local fire brigades and other first responders. The following section details the elements in a DR plan in the sequence defined by ISO 27031 and ISO 24762. Important: Best-in-class DR plans should begin with a few pages that summarise key action steps (such as where to assemble employees if forced to evacuate the building) and lists of key contacts and their contact information for ease of authorising and launching the plan. In parallel to these activities are three additional ones: creating employee awareness, training and records management. Discover whether or not disaster recovery in the cloud is a good choice for your organization, and the pros and cons of different cloud DR approaches. Disaster recovery in the cloud is a relatively new concept, and like many technology trends, there's a lot of hype and misinformation out there. Cloud computing, along with mobile and tablet devices, accounts for much of the high-tech buzz these days. Although the concept -- and some of the products and services -- of cloud-based disaster recovery is still nascent, some companies, especially SMBs, are discovering and starting to leverage cloud services for DR. But disaster recovery in the cloud isna€™t a perfect solution, and its shortcomings and challenges need to be clearly understood before a firm ventures into it. Are passwords the only option or does the cloud provider offer some type of two-factor authentication? And because clouds are accessed via the Internet, bandwidth requirements also need to be clearly understood. If you plan to restore from the cloud to on-premises infrastructure, how long will that restore take? Reliability of the cloud provider, its availability and its ability to serve your users while a disaster is in progress are other key considerations. Just as with traditional DR, there isna€™t a single blueprint for disaster recovery in the cloud.
Triage is the overarching principle used to derive traditional as well as cloud-based DR plans. Identifying critical resources and recovery methods is the most relevant aspect during this process, since you need to ensure that all critical apps and data are included in your blueprint. With applications identified and prioritized, and RTOs defined, you can then determine the best and most cost-effective methods of achieving the RTOs, which needs to be done by application and service. Below is a look at the different types of disaster recovery in the cloud options enterprises can choice from. When contemplating cloud backup and recovery, ita€™s crucial to clearly understand both the backup and the more problematic restore aspects. In case of a disaster, wea€™ll pull VMs [virtual machines] from the cloud; with StorSimplea€™s deduplication we pretty much have to only pull down one full VM copy and the differences for others. On the other hand, depending on the data to be restored, features like compression and, more importantly, data dedupe can make restores from data in the cloud to on-premises infrastructure a viable option. In other words, replication is suitable for both cloud-VM-to-cloud-VM and on-premises-to-cloud-VM data protection.
The cloud greatly extends disaster recovery options, yields significant cost savings, and enables DR methods in SMBs that were previously only possible in larger organizations.
About this author: Jacob Gsoedl is a freelance writer and a corporate director for business systems.


It is in these plans that you will set out the detailed steps needed to recover your IT systems to a state in which they can support the business after a disaster. Then, youa€™ll need to establish recovery time objectives (RTOs) and recovery point objectives (RPOs). Here wea€™ll explain how to write a disaster recovery plan as well as how to develop disaster recovery strategies.
Areas to look at are availability of alternate work areas within the same site, at a different company location, at a third-party-provided location, at employeesa€™ homes or at a transportable work facility.
Youa€™ll need to identify and contract with primary and alternate suppliers for all critical systems and processes, and even the sourcing of people. Be prepared to demonstrate that your strategies align with the organisationa€™s business goals and business continuity strategies.
Procedures should ensure an easy-to-use and repeatable process for recovering damaged IT assets and returning them to normal operation as quickly as possible.
This process can be seen as a timeline, such as in Figure 2, in which incident response actions precede disaster recovery actions. The next section should define roles and responsibilities of DR recovery team members, their contact details, spending limits (for example, if equipment has to be purchased) and the limits of their authority in a disaster situation. During the incident response process, we typically become aware of an out-of-normal situation (such as being alerted by various system-level alarms), quickly assess the situation (and any damage) to make an early determination of its severity, attempt to contain the incident and bring it under control, and notify management and other key stakeholders.
Based on the findings from incident response activities, the next step is to determine if disaster recovery plans should be launched, and which ones in particular should be invoked.
A section on plan document dates and revisions is essential, and should include dates of revisions, what was revised and who approved the revisions. Once the plan has been launched, DR teams take the materials assigned to them and proceed with response and recovery activities as specified in the plans. Located at the end of the plan, these can include systems inventories, application inventories, network asset inventories, contracts and service-level agreements, supplier contact data, and any additional documentation that will facilitate recovery.
These are essential in that they ensure employees are fully aware of DR plans and their responsibilities in a disaster, and DR team members have been trained in their roles and responsibilities as defined in the plans. If you reside outside of the United States, you consent to having your personal data transferred to and processed in the United States. In this Storage magazine article from Jacob Gsoedl, you'll learn about the top cloud disaster recovery concerns, like security and data recovery, and whether or not disaster recovery in the cloud is a good choice for your organization.
But when it comes to hype, the cloud seems to absorb more than its fair share, which has had the unintended consequence of sometimes overshadowing its real utility. It can be an attractive alternative for companies that may be strapped for IT resources because the usage-based cost of cloud services is well suited for DR where the secondary infrastructure is parked and idling most of the time.
The choice of a cloud service provider or managed service provider (MSP) that can deliver service within the agreed terms is essential, and while making a wrong choice may not land you in IT hell, it can easily put you in the doghouse or even get you fired. Every company is unique in the applications it runs, and the relevance of the applications to its business and the industry ita€™s in. The process of devising a DR plan starts with identifying and prioritizing applications, services and data, and determining for each one the amount of downtime thata€™s acceptable before therea€™s a significant business impact. By the same token, to control costs and to ensure speedy and focused recovery when the plan needs to be executed, you want to make sure to leave out irrelevant applications and data. In the rarest of cases, youa€™ll have a single DR method for all your applications and data; more likely youa€™ll end up with several methods that protect clusters of applications and data with similar RTOs.
An increasingly popular option is to put both primary production and disaster recovery instances into the cloud and have both handled by a managed service provider (MSP). Applications and data remain on-premises in this approach, with data being backed up into the cloud and restored onto on-premises hardware when a disaster occurs.
With bandwidth limited and possibly terabytes of data to be recovered, getting data restored back on-premises within defined RTOs can be challenging.
A case in point is Michigan-based Rockford Construction Co., which uses a StorSimple appliance for cloud-based protection of its Exchange and SharePoint infrastructures. In this approach, data isna€™t restored back to on-premises infrastructure; instead ita€™s restored to virtual machines in the cloud. For applications that require aggressive recovery time and recovery point objectives (RPOs), as well as application awareness, replication is the data movement option of choice. Replication products are based on continuous data protection (CDP), such as CommVault Continuous Data Replicator, snapshots or object-based cloud storage such as EMC Atmos or the Hitachi Content Platform (HCP). It does not, however, change the DR fundamentals of having to devise a solid disaster recovery plan, testing it periodically, and having users trained and prepared appropriately.


Then consider site security, staff access procedures, ID badges and the location of the alternate space relative to the primary site. Key areas where alternate suppliers will be important include hardware (such as servers, racks, etc), power (such as batteries, universal power supplies, power protection, etc), networks (voice and data network services), repair and replacement of components, and multiple delivery firms (FedEx, UPS, etc).
Then define step-by-step procedures to, for example, initiate data backup to secure alternate locations, relocate operations to an alternate space, recover systems and data at the alternate sites, and resume operations at either the original site or at a new location. Here we can see the critical system and associated threat, the response strategy and (new) response action steps, as well as the recovery strategy and (new) recovery action steps. If staff relocation to a third-party hot site or other alternate space is necessary, procedures must be developed for those activities. This section should specify who has approved the plan, who is authorised to activate it and a list of linkages to other relevant plans and documents. If DR plans are to be invoked, incident response activities can be scaled back or terminated, depending on the incident, allowing for launch of the DR plans. The more detailed the plan is, the more likely the affected IT asset will be recovered and returned to normal operation. And since DR planning generates a significant amount of documentation, records management (and change management) activities should also be initiated. Having DR sites in the cloud reduces the need for data center space, IT infrastructure and IT resources, which leads to significant cost reductions, enabling smaller companies to deploy disaster recovery options that were previously only found in larger enterprises. Therefore, a cloud disaster recovery plan (aka cloud DR blueprint) is very specific and distinctive for each organization. Priority and required recovery time objectives (RTOs) will then determine the disaster recovery approach.
By doing this youa€™re reaping all the benefits of cloud computing, from usage-based cost to eliminating on-premises infrastructure. In other words, the backup in the cloud becomes a substitute for tape-based off-site backups. Some cloud backup service providers offer an option to restore data to disks, which are then sent to the customer for local on-premises recovery. This requires both cloud storage and cloud compute resources, such as Amazona€™s Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2).
Replication to cloud virtual machines can be used to protect both cloud and on-premises production instances. This section defines the criteria for launching the plan, what data is needed and who makes the determination.
Technology DR plans can be enhanced with relevant recovery information and procedures obtained from system vendors. If your organisation already has records management and change management programmes, use them in your DR planning. Instead of doing it yourself, youa€™re deferring DR to the cloud or managed service provider.
Another option is a large on-premises cache of recent backups that can be used for local restores.
Included within this part of the plan should be assembly areas for staff (primary and alternates), procedures for notifying and activating DR team members, and procedures for standing down the plan if management determines the DR plan response is not needed. Check with your vendors while developing your DR plans to see what they have in terms of emergency recovery documentation.
The choice of service provider and the process of negotiating appropriate service-level agreements (SLAs) are of utmost importance. Likewise, cloud gateways such as the Cirtas Bluejet Cloud Storage Controller, F5 ARX Cloud Extender, Nasuni Filer, Riverbed Whitewater and TwinStrata CloudArray, can be used to move data into the cloud.
Pre-staging DR VMs and keeping them relatively up-to-date through scheduled restores is crucial in cases where aggressive RTOs need to be met. By handing over control to the service provider, you need to be absolutely certain ita€™s able to deliver uninterrupted service within the defined SLAs for both primary and DR instances. They straddle on-premises and cloud storage, and keep both on-premises data and data in the cloud in sync. Some cloud service providers facilitate bringing up cloud virtual machines as part of their DR offering.



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