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The Interior Minister is the committee?fs chairman and Under-Secretary of State for Interior Ministry is the vice-chairman. At pre-disaster stage, the functional agencies have duty to deal with disaster mitigation and preparedness measures so as to reduce any disasters and damages that are likely to occur. Although varieties of disasters often occur in Thailand, only a few are extremely destructive because Thailand ‘s topography, unlike Bangladesh or the Philippines, is quite safe from catastrophic disasters. The move comes after Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal today held a review meeting to discuss the preparedness of the national capital in dealing with natural and man-made disasters.
According to senior government officials, government has prepared state disaster management plan and district disaster management plans are also being prepared for all the eleven district.State disaster management plan talks of broad guidelines with standard operating procedure. According to the government, manpower is required to deal with any disaster and in the last five years 19,000 civic defense personnel got registered with the government. According to officials, soon Delhi CM and LG will hold a meeting on strengthening disaster management plan.
The World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) and Global Water Partnership (GWP), have launched a joint?Integrated Drought Management Programme?(IDMP), to improve monitoring and prevention of one of the world?s greatest natural hazards – drought. It was launched on March 13, 2013 at the?High-level Meeting on National Drought Policy?(HMNDP) in Geneva, Switzerland, where decision-makers and scientists from around the world met to discuss proactive, forward-looking national drought policies to replace the current piecemeal, reactive approach. For her part, WMO Secretary-General, Michel Jarraud, stated that ?Without coordinated national drought policies, nations will continue to respond to drought in a reactive way.?
Adding his voice to the importance of the programme, Alex Simalabwi, GWP?s global climate change focal point opined that ?The increase in catastrophic events such as droughts and floods will impact lives, livelihoods, land values, and investment incentives, especially in vulnerable areas inhabited by poorer populations.?
According to Sabina Bokal, project manager for the new GWP Central and Eastern Europe drought programme located in Bratislava, Slovakia, ?In co-operation with national hydro-meteorological institutions, river basin authorities, ministries, research institutions and the Southern and Eastern Europe Drought Monitoring Centre (DMC), the project will implement drought monitoring and risk assessments.? The new programme capitalises on the ten years of success with the Associated Programme on Flood Management, a joint project of WMO, the Global Water Partnership, Japan, Switzerland and many other partners and will focus especially on sharing scientific information, knowledge and best practices to advise policies and management approaches. A growing concern worldwide is that droughts are increasing in frequency and severity, due to climate change, which was discussed at the Geneva meeting where a GWP delegation from several regions and the Global Secretariat participated. Better drought management is also one of the priorities of the Global Framework for Climate Services, the GFCS. It is widely held that climate services can be a powerful tool to increase drought resilience, by improving climate information and services, especially for the most vulnerable, and that they will build on fast improving climate prediction capabilities.
GWP is responding to the climate change challenge through a portfolio of programmes and projects aimed at building climate resilience through better water management.?Initial implementation of the regional drought programmes will however, focus on Central and Eastern Europe, the Sahel (GWP West Africa) and the Horn of Africa (through GWP Eastern Africa).
According to the Global Water Partnership, these regional programmes will contribute to the global integrated drought management programme located within WMO?s Water and Climate Department. ABOUT USNews Ghana is Ghana’s leading online news publication for business executives in West Africa and around the continent. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. On April 21, The Asia Foundation’s field advisor in Nepal Ashray Pande will join local experts and development practitioners for a Give2Asia webinar discussion on the progress and challenges facing Nepal after the devastating 2015 earthquakes. Last month, the One Foundation, one of China’s most visible charitable organizations, presented a new strategy to government officials and national researchers that marks a major shift in the approach to disaster mitigation in the country. Historically, most foundations in China have focused almost solely on immediate emergency disaster response.
Until recently, the One Foundation, which was started by actor Jet Li, focused almost solely on immediate emergency disaster response, which has been the main tactic taken by Chinese foundations and the government in coping with disasters. Since 2004, when China issued regulations regarding foundation management, the number of foundations has increased fivefold, totaling over 3,900 nationwide. In the wake of the massive Sichuan earthquake in 2008, for example, several foundations, including CFPA and the Chinese Red Cross Foundation (CRCF), made grants to grassroots NGOs to address local needs and improve local resilience through participatory approaches. In addition, Chinese foundations also see disaster programming as an opportunity to promote transparency and accountability in the charity sector, which was significantly damaged after several scandals involving major government-backed foundations.
While domestic foundations are playing a bigger role in disaster management in China, they are also looking for opportunities to utilize their experiences and to engage in foreign disaster assistance.
These people carry humanity in their hearts; they fight for the truth, strive for perfection and collectively face the challenges that present before the country. The most prolonged flood in Bangkok occurred in 1995 for 2 months, causing property damage over US $400 million. The problems are exacerbated by water demands for agricultural and industrial purposes due to increase in population and economic development. The whole country is vulnerable to tropical storms, but the peninsular southern region is the most vulnerable area. The most destructive one, triggered by a continuously heavy rainfall, occurred in Nakornsrithammarat province in 1983. In 1998 the problems are aggravated by the severely dry climate as a consequence of El Nino phenomenon. In 1993 the Roya Plaza hotel in Nakomrachasima province collapsed because of illegally-added floors without adequate piling, causing 127 deaths and 200 injuries.
In 1993 about 61,339 accidents were recorded, with 8,184 deaths and an estimate loss of 607.7 million bath to the government and non-government budgets.
Different laws are enforced and acted for by different governmental agencies, inducing confusion in unity of command at emergency times. According to the Act, the governmental agencies which are responsible for disaster management are classified into two types: the strategic body and the functional agencies.
Almost all of the severe disasters are generally caused by natural phenomena, particularly tropical storms, floods and droughts. The civil defence centers at regional level are under direction of the regional civil defence directors nominated by the national civil defence director. The provincial civil defence centers are under direction of the governors as the provincial civil defence directors.
The district civil defence centers are under direction of the chief district officers as the district civil defence directors.
The municipal civil defence centers are under direction of the mayors as the municipal civil defence directors. The Pattaya civil defence center is established to deal with all kinds of disaster that occur in the Pattaya area of responsibility.
Three governmental organizations are authorized to formulate disaster management measures and policies which differ from each other as follows. Police Fire Brigades work as main units in Bangkok and district civil defence centers work as main units in province. All governmental agencies concerned, NGOs, regional civil defence centers, and the armed forces work as supportive units in Bangkok.


However, disaster mitigation measures, both structural and non-structural measures, are operated to reduce the probability of the occurrence and the effects of the disasters by many governmental agencies concerned.
Official claims that three districts (New Delhi, North-East and South-East) have prepared the plans while rest are in the final phase. We have also got secured TETRA communication network in case mobile network fails in any disaster," Mr Sharma said.
In any disaster, people can contact this number and response plan is immediately made and concern agencies are alerted, the officer said. Ania Grobicki said; ?Whether because of climate variability or climate change, droughts have a severe impact on water availability and quality, agricultural and energy production, and ecosystem health.? This programme aims to support countries in this endeavor, within their regional contexts,? This framework is now being implemented by governments with support from several partners from the United Nations System. The plan started with a pilot project on disaster preparedness education for children in schools and communities affected by the April 2013 Lushan earthquake that killed 200 people in Sichuan province. However their role is shifting to better preparedness for natural disasters that can mitigate damage in the longer run. However, the Foundation’s new strategy illustrates how major foundations in China have expanded their role in and approach to disaster management in recent years.
One of the 17 grants made by the CRCF funded a social worker group in Mianzhu, a badly hit town, to run a project targeting community members who were physically paralyzed by the earthquake. Shortly after the 2013 Lushan earthquake, the China Foundation Center (CFC) and several leading foundations created an alliance to voluntarily publicize their work and donation spending related to the earthquake response and recovery. Earlier this year, The Asia Foundation organized a workshop on international humanitarian relief in Beijing which brought together representatives from major foundations like the CFPA, One Foundation, and China Youth Foundation to discuss challenges and opportunities confronting their international operations, and shared opportunities to better understand existing standards and become active players in international humanitarian assistance.
The root cause of droughts in Thailand is deforestation associated with soil characteristics and dry climate.
A great deal of land was eroded and conveyed by a huge water flow from the top of the high mountain and then slid down to low-lying land, burying the Phibun town located at the foot of that mountain. Many forest areas in the country totally 129,600 acres are on fire beyond the ability to control, inducing the invaluable losses of forest and wildlife. Deaths and injuries in industrial accidents rose a dramatic 38% from 67,912 reported cases in 1989 to 103,296 in 1992. Some important disaster-related laws that are acted for by the Interior Minister are the Civil Defence Act 1979, the Fire Prevention and Control Act 1952, the Building Control Act 1979, etc.
The civil defence center at national level is under command and direction of the Interior Minister as the national civil defence director.
This plan contains guidelines for functional agencies to make their own operational plan as well as to deal with disasters at emergency times.
Provincial civil defence centers, NGOs, regional civil defence centers, and the armed forces work as supportive ,units in provinces. For instance, the Royal Irrigation Department concerns with flood and drought mitigation, such as the embankment projects, dam or reservoir projects, etc. As a consequence, they ignore any disaster prevention measures for protecting their communities. We will have mock drill to check effectiveness of state plan and make it a regular activity," Mr Sharma said. Also this week, Edward Anderson and Nandita Baruah blog from Kathmandu on where recovery efforts stand today, and the societal issues that are often unmentioned. These efforts were replicated in central and western China where vulnerable communities have few resources to improve resilience. Foundations have gradually learned integral lessons from their relief efforts – better preparedness for natural disasters can mitigate damage in the longer run – and have started to consider a different approach.
Historically, the majority of Chinese foundations have channeled their resources through government agencies for disaster response. The group mobilized support from communities, organized training based on needs identified by the beneficiaries, and facilitated networking to increase job opportunities.
Subsequently, the CFC released an unprecedented report online this April on the first anniversary of the Lushan earthquake, detailing how domestic foundations had spent the RMB1.7 billion in donations. We also organized training for these foundations and their partners, participated in the strategic planning exercises for disaster preparedness programs, and assisted them in expanding networking with international partners. The views and opinions expressed here are those of the individual author and not those of The Asia Foundation. A great nation not only rises collectively to save the unfortunate and recover from the damage but also conveys to the world of its invincibility, even in the face of nature’s rage.
The typhoon Gay?h moved inland and crossed the southern region in the area of Chumporn province, causing 602 deaths and property damage at the estimated cost of US $480 million. In November 1988 a severe earthquake registering 7.3 on the Richer scale occurred in the southern China.
Of all the disaster-related laws, the Civil Defence Act 1979 is the most important because it covers all kinds of disasters, prescribes clearly jurisdiction and responsibility of concerned organizations, and also contains systematic process of disaster management.
However, the OCDS has duty not only to put policies into action, but also to provide equipment and tools, technical assistance and training courses to local agencies as well as to coordinate with the other agencies concerned for disaster relief and rescue operations at emergency times. Municipal civil defence centers, sanitary districts, and Tambon Administrative Organizations work as emergency units in provinces. The Meteorological Department involves with public awareness programmes, particularly early warning the people to confront with onset disasters, etc. Habitually, they seem to lack culture of safety, tending to do even their daily activities without carefulness. In addition, the recommendations gained from the meeting will be applied, as a policy framework, to reduce sufferings and losses of people in face of destructive disasters. Ultimately, the Foundation plans to develop broader public education campaigns around the country.
In addition to the One Foundation, other organizations like the China Foundation for Poverty Alleviation (CFPA) are starting to support more disaster mitigation work at the community level. The Chinese government is usually capable of providing emergency relief and rebuilding infrastructure facilities rapidly, but it often fails to engage affected communities and address longer-term recovery issues. These efforts were successful in empowering project participants, who are usually viewed as passive recipients of charity, and helping them to integrate into their communities.
As one of the most vulnerable countries to natural disasters, China will no doubt increasingly rely on these foundations to make sure its citizens are prepared. The North is a mountainous region comprising natural forests, ridges and deep, narrow alluvial valleys.


Over 400 persons lost their lives, approximately 11,422 families or 72,814 individuals were homeless, 17,063 houses were demolished, about 1,499,892 livestock died and lost, and around 265,991 hectares of agricultural area were affected. The Agriculture Extension Department concerns with promoting varieties of crops that are less affected by natural hazards, etc.
Understandably, these foundations are still active in the emergency relief phase since that is a big opportunity for fundraising. Recognizing these constraints, Chinese foundations have started to encourage a more participatory programming intervention with their resources, complementing the government’s top-down rehabilitation projects.
Charitable sector leaders and practitioners are encouraged by this trend of grantmaking from foundations to grassroots NGOs, which number between two to three million in China. All these factors contribute towards mobilising the people into selfless service towards the distressed and the devastated.
The drought-stricken people suffer water shortage, especially water for drinking, cropping and livestock farming. However, the new focus on community-based disaster preparedness programming has big implications for disaster management in China, given the overall growth of foundations in the past decade.
To better work at the community level, these foundations have found it necessary to foster new partnerships with less traditional players in China’s disaster management – grassroots NGOs that understand local conditions but often struggle for resources to survive. This model could well expand into other programming areas and subsequently foster diversity and innovation for China’s civil society in the long run. In 1997 droughts occurred in 63 provinces, affecting 24,804 villages, 3,011,601 families or 14,394,322 individuals, and about 414,313 hectares of agricultural area.
This is due to Bangkok stands on deep soft alluvial soil which amplified incoming seismic waves.
The nature wreaks havoc at the first place and the man by his misadministration adds to the devastation, in his words “Inversion of excellences, absence, a great defect, addiction or affliction constitutes a calamity”. Moreover, many institutes of disaster management, together with disaster-related curriculums, were recently established, Serving to the request of both governmental and non-governmental agencies concerned. The Northeast or the Korat Plateau is an arid region, characterized by a rolling surface and undulating hills. The disasters in form of earth quakes in 1991 at Tehri, 1993 at Latur and 2001 at Gujrat, super cyclone in 1991 that hit Orrisa, Tsunami in 2004, Kosi floods of 2008 in Bihar and the latest in the series being the Uttarakhand tragedy, all these account for more than a lakh deaths and more than 28 lakh people displaced.
It was only after the Tsunami of 2004 that we decided to raise the NDMA (National Disaster Management Authority) having the responsibility of Preparedness, Rescue, Recovery and Mitigation.
The NDRF battalions (National Disaster Response Force) were raised as a specialised force knitted and kitted to respond to both natural and manmade disasters. Whatever be the crisis and which ever be the force created to tackle such a challenge, it has finally been proved that there exists no better organisation in India other than its Armed Forces in living up to the expectations of our country men. On 26 Dec 2004 a deadly Tsunami struck the Eastern shores of Tamil Nadu, Andaman Nicobar Islands and other littoral countries in South East Asia, which left 3 lakh dead and another 6 lakh people displaced. The very same day Indian Navy deployed 19 ships and 11 helicopters, this commitment later rose to 32 naval ships, 7 aircrafts and 20 helicopters, conducting relief and rescue in Tamil Nadu, Andaman Nicobar islands, Sri Lanka, Maldives and Indonesia. The ability of the Indian nation to take a call and undertake disaster relief at such a large scale was noticed by the Asian and Western powers and thus we re-established our credentials as a major regional power.
The political strength, military robustness and its operational readiness were displayed during this crisis.
China has recently witnessed two major disasters, first the earth quake of 2008 and later the floods of 2010 and Pakistan had to deal with the earthquake of 2005.In China an earth quake hit South Western Sichuan province that killed 2,40,000 people.
The fastest growing economy in the world, having strong central leadership soon realised the deficiencies of the military and undertook measures to overcome them. What was unusual, disturbing and alarming to the regional security was the inclusion of the Jihadi groups in the relief efforts. Out of the known 24 militant organisations, Lashkar-e- Toiba and Jaish-e-Mohamad took a lead role in carrying out the relief and rescue, thus they virtually established themselves parallel to the state.
Post Tsunami of 2004, NDMA was created under the noble thought of creating a structure which would make our country better prepared, with all the necessary tools and instruments available at the time of crisis. It would not be incorrect to say that this new setup called the NDMA has failed our nation; it is probably yet another bureaucratic organisation that we are suffering with. Our political leaders representing the legislature failed miserably, since their focus was more towards garnering brownie points and exploiting photo opportunity displaying utter disregard to the national sentiments.
The state government and the administration turned a blind eye to rampant destruction of ecology in the name of development. The NDMA failed to map the disaster prone areas of the country and also proved inadequate in monitoring the functioning of the State Disaster Management Authority. Had the vast ex-servicemen population, tapped by the government in creating a potent disaster relief force, which would come really handy to the state in this crisis, many lives could have been saved.
Over politicised Indian society, rampant institutionalised corruption over a prolonged period of six decades is probably the result of this decay.The callousness of our leadership was responsible for delayed requisitioning of the army, had a timely decision been taken, many homes would have been saved from agony and irrecoverable losses.
The time tested Indian Armed Forces proved their worth once again; they carried out one of the largest rescue operation ever in such inhospitable terrain.
This is not only shameful for the civil administration but also a subject of mockery in a democratic society.Whatever be the reason, the world has witnessed poor and shoddy preparedness and response of the Indian nation in this crisis. The regional leadership of India SE Asia today stands questioned, shameless record breaking scams, dwindling economy, fractured polity, week and feeble administration, invisible leadership are some of the factors that may lead to such a conclusion. This drought of leadership and statesmanship has manifested in a number of cases, be it the response after beheading of Indian troops on the LOC or our response to the Chinese intrusion in Ladhak.
Same is the story when it comes to a response to the Naxal threat or the general law and order issue prevailing in the country.To regain the respectability in the international environment and simultaneously restore confidence of the state in its public, India needs to strengthen various response mechanisms and bring into play hard core professionals to head the organisation like the NDMA rather than create bureaucratic institutions one after the other.
The civilian administration ,the IAS did not do their homework for disaster management nor do they have any clue on post trauma strategy also.The work carried out by the ranks now should be furthered by genralmanship . Preparation and response mechanism to such calamities is what has been covered in this article including some innovative ideas.
We all know the consistency of failure of civil administration in times of crisis since independence. But what has been missed is its failure in delivering even in normal times & situations.
Unless the civil administration increases its efficiency in normal times , it will never be able to deliver in crisis. The Armed Forces are able to deliver every time in times of crisis irrespective of the situation, because they try to achieve perfection and deliver with high efficiency even in day today situations.



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