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Getting ready before an earthquake strikes will help reduce damage to your home and business and help you survive. Identify safe places within your home, school or workplace. See the right-hand panel for more information about safe places. Seek qualified advice to make sure your house is secured to its foundations and ensure any renovations comply with the New Zealand Building Code. If you are outdoors when the shaking starts, move no more than a few steps away from buildings, trees, streetlights, and power lines, then Drop, Cover and Hold. If you are at the beach or near the coast, drop, cover and hold then move to higher ground immediately in case a tsunami follows the quake. If you are driving, pull over to a clear location, stop and stay there with your seatbelt fastened until the shaking stops.
If you are in a mountainous area or near unstable slopes or cliffs, be alert for falling debris or landslides.
Listen to your local radio stations as emergency management officials will be broadcasting the most appropriate advice for your community and situation. Be aware that electricity supply could be cut, and fire alarms and sprinkler systems can go off in buildings during an earthquake even if there is no fire. If you smell gas or hear a blowing or hissing noise, open a window, get everyone out quickly and turn off the gas if you can. Somewhere close to you, no more than a few steps or less than three metres away, to avoid injury from flying debris.Under a strong table. You will find other information (not Drop, Cover and Hold) on the Internet about what to do in an earthquake.
Illnesses, injuries, carbon monoxide poisoning, animals & insects, food, water, cleanup, mold, environmental concerns, and coping with a disaster. This infographic includes important tips on being ready before and during an earthquake.Be Ready! The president of the Republic, Michelle Bachelet, declared a State of Constitutional Exception of Catastrophe for Arica, Parinacota and Tarapaca, during the early morning of 2 April. On 2 April at 14.00 hours, the University of Chile Centre of National Seismology signalled that to date they have registered 96 replicas, 8 of which having been perceived by the population. At 02:00 hours SHOA cancelled the tsunami alert for the entire national territory, at which point the public could return to their homes. The number of deaths due to the earthquake and tsunami is reported to be six from the region of Tarapaca; four of these were due to cardio-respiratory arrest, one was due to structural collapse, and one was due to a simple accident associated with the evacuation process (ONEMI). As all efforts were focused on ensuring that evacuations took place in an organized way, little information has been gathered with regard to damages as result of the earthquakes. Shelter: An evaluation conducted by the municipal staff registered one dwelling with damage in the city of Arica. Transportation: Route 5 North is passable with caution and with detours due to the riverbed at the Cuya Bridge. Shelter: There are 2,000 homes in Alto Hospicio with damages, whose assessment is being conducted by the municipality staff.

Water and sanitation: 20% of the population in Iquique and the same percentage in Alto Hospicio are without potable water. Maritime transportation : The marine terminals corresponding to the Port of Patache (Collahuasi I y II, Pastillos I y II) are closed until further inspection.
Context of the region: this region has had a rapid economic growth in the last few years due to the mining industry, which has in part prompted the migration of low-income families from neighbouring countries. In 2015, ReliefWeb covered 88 natural disasters, with the Nepal earthquakes the most significant. Frequently Asked Questions - Get answers to common problems and learn more about ReliefWeb.
Most earthquakes occur at faults, which are breaks extending deep within the earth, caused by movements of these plates. Assemble and maintain your emergency survival Items for your home and workplace, as well as a portable getaway kit. Once the shaking stops, proceed with caution and avoid bridges or ramps that might have been damaged.
If you see sparks, broken wires or evidence of electrical system damage, turn off the electricity at the main fuse box if it is safe to do so. Take measures to protect your animals from hazards, and to protect other people from your animals.
If you rent your property, contact your landlord and your contents insurance company as soon as possible. Hold on to the table legs to keep it from moving away from you.Next to an interior wall, away from windows that can shatter and cause injury and tall furniture that can fall on you.
A few minutes after the earthquake, the National Emergency Office of the Ministry of the Interior and Public Security (ONEMI) requested a preventative evacuation along the coastal border of the affected regions.
With this, the maximum authority in the catastrophe areas is Arturo Merino Nunez, the air force general. Minutes after the earthquake, ONEMI established a second preventative evacuation along the coastal border of the Arica and Parinacota, Tarapaca and Antofagasta regions. At present, there are five shelters operating in the city of Arica with 25 people, and three shelters operating in the city of Camarones that report an occupation of 30 people due to damages to housing located in the interior of the city.
This shortage is fundamentally due to the problems generated in the potable water network as a result of the earthquake. In the same manner, after the latest aftershocks, there have been reports of serious structural damages to condominiums in Las Parinas, Tarapaca and Mirador 1.
The situation is similar in the localities of Camina, La Tirana, and Pica, which are provided with water via jerry cans. Some marine terminals in the Port of Iquique (offshore oil terminals of Copec and Petrobras) are also closed until further inspection is made on site. The Pozo Almonte health post (local basic health service centre) has structural damage and is operating only for emergencies in the patio enclosure. Other elements of the economy are related to the fishing industry, commerce and some tourism.

There are thousands of earthquakes in New Zealand every year, but most of them are not felt because they are either small, or very deep within the earth. In most buildings in New Zealand you are safer if you stay where you are until the shaking stops. One email (which has been widely discredited), often known as the “triangle of life”, goes as far as discouraging people from taking cover under sturdy furniture. At 20:55 hours the Hydrographic and Oceanographic Service of the Navy (SHOA for its Spanish name) declared a tsunami alert, which was extended throughout the entire coastal area of the country. On 2 April at 06:31 the SHOA informed that the tsunami alarm was cancelled for the entire national territory. Subsequently at 00:11 hours, the SHOA declared a tsunami alert, which was extended along the entire coastal border.
The region’s ports are operating even though the Maritime Management indicates that there are smaller vessels with significant damages. The city of Huara presents damages to a large part of the city’s housing and small, rural localities in the region’s interior still need to be assessed. The Regional Government has defined 19 points for water delivery and the Armed Forces have installed an additional 12 points. However, route A-16, which connects Alto Hospicio with Iquique has been affected, and has only limited access for emergency vehicles. According to the Maritime Authority in Caleta Riquelme and Esmeralda sector, there are 80 smaller vessels with minor damage. Outside of the cities, in the desert, there are several indigenous communities that live in very different conditions from the rest of the country. Research from the United States, Taiwan, Japan and Christchurch (all places with modern, earthquake resistant building design codes), supports and recommends the core message for New Zealand: Drop, Cover and Hold is the right action to take in an earthquake. Given the situation, ONEMI declared a national red alert for “High Intensity Earthquake and Tsunami Alarm”.
The president of the Republic, who was in the city of Arica at the time, was transported to a secure area and then to the ONEMI office in Arica.
There are 8 operating shelters in the region with a total of 1,313 people (1,263 in Iquique and 50 in Huara’s interior). Route A-1 between Iquique and Antofagasta is functioning up to the airport, with a detour at Playa Blanca due to fallen debris; it can be used with caution. On 4 April, the Chilean Government declared a sanitation alert for the regions of Arica, Parinacota and Tarapaca. A large, damaging earthquake could occur at any time, and can be followed by aftershocks that continue for days or weeks.Most earthquake-related injuries and deaths result from falling debris, flying glass and collapsing structures such as buildings and bridges.

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