Earthquake preparedness and mitigation techniques videos,national geographic hong kong university,japan earthquake preparedness day,psytrance festival in south america - Plans On 2016

The physical damage and human casualties resulting from the January 12, 2010 earthquake in Haiti illustrate the devastating impact of natural hazards on communities that are not adequately prepared.
Specifically, the project team will employ a multi-disciplinary approach to risk reduction by (1) evaluating the hazards in the region, (2) collecting GIS and remote sensing data to determine building types, (3) assessing the vulnerability of the built environment, including the adequacy of building codes and quality of construction materials, and (4) studying the level of emergency response and preparedness plans that currently exist within the countries of the Caribbean and (5) evaluating and developing methods and materials for reconstruction.
The project, which has already received funding from a non-profit organization, is a collaborative effort between the Georgia Tech schools of civil engineering, industrial engineering and the College of Architecture and involves more than 20 students.
DesRoches has been impressed with the performance of Georgia Tech students in the field where they’ve had to overcome cultural and language barriers as they search for ways to improve the quality of life in the Caribbean. As many Tech students will tell you, the ability to get out in the field and gain real-life work experience instead of spending all day every day in a classroom is part of what makes a Georgia Tech engineering degree special. If all goes well that entrepreneurial spirit will be lead to significant improvements in the way Caribbean nations prepare for natural disasters, and that preparation could result in countless lives being saved. Plan a basic first aid class and invite your neighbours to attend.(Contact your local Red Cross for information on first aid training).
Ensure that your community is aware of the hazards that might particularly affect your area. Identify, and give advice and support to more vulnerable persons in your community, including people with disabilities, large or single parent families with infants and small children, elderly (especially those living alone). Support the enforcement or creation of local building regulations which minimize earthquake hazards in new construction. Consider joining the Caribbean Red Cross or International Red Cross, your local Lions Club or Rotary Club. It is important to note that not only old buildings, but many new ones presumably built according to antiseismic standards, were also damaged or destroyed. Immediately after the earthquake an emergency committee was formed with representatives from several agencies under the chairmanship of the Governor of the Department of Cauca. As has been the experience in other earthquakes, the demand for immediate medical care declined after 8-10 hours.
After the immediate problems of assistance to the victims and rescue of the injured were taken care of, the population began to recover their belongings from the rubble and to recover building material that could be used again. Some of the measures taken were unnecessary, such as putting lime on the graves that the earthquake had opened.
Once again drugs were donated that served no purpose whatsoever during the disaster: unsorted products of doubtful use or no use at all, plasma, serum, and blood which for the most part were not used (it will be remembered that there were only 228 injured who were in sufficiently serious condition to be hospitalized). Once again it was seen that large magnitude disasters are not accompanied by epidemics: epidemiological surveillance has demonstrated that there was no marked increase in communicable diseases.


The fundamental problem that PopayA?n, faces is that of relocating approximately 3,000 families that are living in 21 camps and 25 temporary settlements (to this should be added the families occupying temporary shelters, not in groups). The health problems are no greater than those that might have been expected under normal conditions perhaps the dust from the demolition has caused a greater incidence in respiratory diseases and ocular disorders. In addition, one can observe all kinds of temporary shelters: tents and shelters made of zinc-both very impractical, because they lack suitable ventilation and in the course of the day turn into unbearably hot ovens. The following groups and organizations are currently part of the Alaska Earthquake Alliance.
The Alaska Earthquake Alliance, which is composed of member groups and organizations, coordinates earthquake awareness and preparedness activities in Alaska. The Caribbean is a region with an unusually high exposure to both earthquakes and hurricanes. There’s a lot to be said for hands-on problem solving in an environment that forces students to adapt. Though scientists have made significant advances in understanding how, why and where earthquakes and tsunamis may occur, no one knows when they will happen. Set up guidelines to follow in the event of a disaster and design a post-disaster cooperative assistance programme to help get your community back on its feet quickly. If drills are not conducted periodically, suggest that the school contact the local Disaster Committee for assistance in formulating an organizational plan.
A great number of buildings are old, many of them of adobe, with little or no reinforcement. Despite this, and the assistance of the Red Cross, the Social Security Institute, and other agencies, the health services were overwhelmed by the large number of injured, so much so that there is no information on most of the cases that were treated and sent home.
Considering the extent of the destruction of buildings, the number of dead and wounded is surprisingly small, probably because the large majority of the population was awake and going about their business, many of them in the streets. In fact, by 5 o'clock in the afternoon all the cases had been sent to Cali that were to be transferred- many of them in private planes, thanks to the collaboration of the Aeroclub. Soon camps were established for those who had been left homeless, "community stewpots" were cooked, and food was distributed. In the main cemetery spraying with insecticide was necessary, because the opening of many graves caused a mass emigration of roaches.
There were no large problems of water supply or sewerage, and the water samples studied for unusual bacterial content produced negative results. The large majority of the settlements that we have visited are found to be in good condition from the standpoint of environmental sanitation, with running water from spigots, and an average of one latrine installed for every two or three families.


Now it is difficult to tell the buildings totally destroyed by the earthquake from those only half-destroyed and which have to be torn down because they are potentially dangerous. Soon after the earthquake, an increase was observed in the number of reported cases of animal bites (especially dogs). It would seem much more practical for the shelters to have been made of wood or local materials, such as guadua (a species of bamboo). The Alliance is a part of a statewide alliance linking organizations and individuals that provide earthquake information and services. Moreover, much of the infrastructure in this region does not support adequate code considerations for disaster preparedness, and many countries have limited resources to update emergency response plans. CHAMP’s primary role is to develop an understanding of how prepared Caribbean nations are, determine whether they are at risk for a major event, and to come up with recommendations for how to best prepare for an eventual major earthquake or hurricane. Trips have already been taken to Puerto Rico and more are planned for Belize, Trinidad, Jamaica, Haiti, the Dominican Republic and possibly Cuba. The clinical histories and the death certificates of the cases not treated in a health center are being analyzed and will be the subject of a detailed report. A large number of field tents were distributed among the population-perhaps too many, because it is more practical and sanitary to use such local materials as wood and bamboo for the construction of temporary shelters.
We do not know if this represents a true increase in the number of bites or simply an increase in reporting. There are shelters made of plasticized pasteboard and prefabricated concrete, and there could not fail to be shelters made with leftover building materials: old boxes, plastic sheets, and any product humanly imaginable. These factors make the Caribbean region one of the most vulnerable in the world to natural hazards.
Two thousand five hundred dwellings (12% of the total) were completely destroyed and 6,680 (34%) were severely damaged. When, for instance, plans called for a 3 meter-long steel bar to reinforce the concrete, two 1.5 meter bars were used instead and joined by a thin wire in the middle.
Many of these tents were erected on the foundation where a home had existed, or in the patio of one that was half-destroyed, so that the owners could keep an eye on their belongings.
Since the earthquake occurred while services were being held for Holy Friday, and the Cathedral suffered serious damage, 25% of all the deaths caused by the earthquake occurred there.



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