Electricity power sector reform act,disaster preparedness documents needed,earthquake emergency plan family,best post apocalyptic movies on netflix streaming - PDF Review

Our nation’s diverse Energy Sector has attracted new technologies to improve efficiency and maintain growth, while simultaneously becoming a major target for cyber criminals looking to inflict harm on the nation.  ICIT experts advise on both ends of the spectrum to ensure the sustainability and security of this important critical infrastructure.
Sign up for the GBG Indonesia Quarterly Business Intelligence Report for the latest news on your sector. Indonesiaa€™s geographical status as an archipelago makes domestic electricity coverage and power generation a particularly daunting challenge. Indonesia holds far reaching opportunities within the renewable energy sector for electricity generation including geothermal, hydropower, solar power and biomass.
Within Indonesiaa€™s electricity system, state body Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN) is the main actor accounting for 84% of total electricity transmission while independent power producers (IPPs) make up 16%. The impending crisis in Indonesiaa€™s electricity sector has led to various measures being taken by legislators to create a favourable investment environment in the sector.
Within the various renewable energy types available to investors, their viability is highly reliant on the surrounding infrastructure and government regulations related to the sector (See Opportunities in Energy: Beyond Fossil Fuels). The issue of electricity pricing is now dominating public discourse on the sector as the government seeks to reduce the burden of electricity subsidies on the state budget. Cada vez sorprende menos los pocos escrupulos que tienen los grandes grupos economicos con tal de mantener su poder. En ese sentido podemos citar al ex presidente de Red Electrica, Jorge Frabra, quien ahora desempena el cargo de presidente de Economistas frente a la Crisis. Frabra ha acusado a las grandes empresas electricas no solo de frenar el desarrollo de las energias renovables sino de querer destruirlas ya que suponen una amenaza para estas companias. Definitivamente la denuncia de Frabra es preocupante y trae a colacion la frivolidad y la ausencia de etica con la cual han actuado muchas grandes companias a lo largo de decadas. Dado que las inversiones que hacen las empresas electricas que utilizan la energia renovable para producir electricidad, es menor, y puesto que la tecnologia que utilizan esta en constante desarrollo, su precio es mayor; por tanto, les cuesta mucho mas entrar en el mercado.
The Nigerian Electricity Management Services Authority (NEMSA) has said the use of wooden electricity poles for installations in the power sector will be outlawed this year, Leadership reports. Managing director of the agency, Peter Ewesor, emphasised that the use of fake or sub-standard materials would no longer be tolerated in the electricity industry, adding that there are no quality wooden pole manufacturing companies in Nigeria.
He said the agency would before the end of the first quarter 2016, make public pronouncements in this regard and direct all electricity distribution companies (Discos) to comply accordingly and discontinue the use of wooden poles for installations in their various networks.
However, stimulating economic development in the regions outside of Java is dependent on ensuring reliable electricity access to improve residentsa€™ standard of living as well as for the establishment of industries which will in turn generate employment. In terms of sources, coal is the dominant fuel source for on grid electricity accounting for 40% of total power plant capacity, followed by oil with 29% and gas at 21% with renewables making up just 10% (Indonesia Infrastructure Report 2010). In Western Indonesia, Aceh has the highest rate of electricity coverage with South Sumatra province holding the least.
Consultancy firm Frost and Sullivan has highlighted the key short term opportunities within Indonesiaa€™s electricity sector as geothermal energy and biomass followed by hydropower over the medium term and solar, wind as well as other sources offering potential for the long term (Investment in Indonesia a€“ what are the upcoming opportunities?
The plan which involves raising the electricity price by a proposed 4.3% each quarter in 2013 is designed to raise funds for further investment by PLN to increase electricity coverage and to purchase more electricity.


Desde el inicio de la era industrial, los postulados del libre mercado sin el menor control de un Estado como organo regulador (alentando asi el surgimiento de los monopolios), el mundo ha sido testigo de los peores abusos contra el ser humano y el medioambiente que le rodea. Ante todo, entiendase por energia renovable aquellas fuentes de energia que son ilimitadas en la naturaleza, por ejemplo: la energia eolica que a su vez se convierte en electricidad gracias a los aerogeneradores de los parques eolicos, y de los cuales hemos hablado anteriormente en otro articulo en este blog. Sumado a esto estan los continuos recortes de las subvenciones a las renovables que destruye la confianza de los inversores en las normas del Estado. Las pequenas companias electricas que apuestan por la conservacion del medioambiente contra las grandes empresas que pretenden destruirlas. As of the end of 2011, Indonesiaa€™s total installed electricity capacity was 31 GW with electrification coverage of just 71% leaving over 80 million people without access to electricity. In off grid capacity which stood at 6.4 GW in 2010, diesel powered plants are the most relied upon form of power generation within non renewables, yet renewable energy accounts for 50% of total off grid capacity mainly via hydropower generation and Solar Home Systems (SHS) (Indonesia Infrastructure Report 2010).
2 of 2006 obliged state owned PLN to purchase electricity from renewable energy providers with a capacity of up to 10 MW. Yet, by 2010 only a fraction of potential renewable energy sources have actually been developed with a total of 6.13 GW from a potential 155 GW. East Indonesia, despite offering some of the most resource rich areas of the country, is being held back due to poor infrastructure with economic growth below the national average. Indonesian businesses have been particularly critical of this plan due to the burden it places on businesses; yet it is widely agreed that subsidies on electricity need to be eliminated in order to free up funds for investment in the countrya€™s electricity capacity in order to promote even regional development.
Los intentos que se realizaron decadas anteriores para intentar frenar a las grandes companias han tenido resultados funestos a largo plazo. Por otro lado, las no renovables o convencionales son las fuentes de energia que se encuentran en cantidades limitadas en la naturaleza, por ejemplo: el petroleo, cuyo proceso para la obtencion de energia electrica se genera a partir de la combustion del mismo.
En ese momento, entran a batallar las grandes companias electricas contra las que utilizan la energia renovable, ya sea parando sus centrales, bajando los precios del mercado o conspirando para que sigan disminuyendo sus beneficios. In 2003, the government set the target of electricity coverage of 90% while reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 26% by the year 2020. Domestic demand for electricity as a whole is increasing in line with the countrya€™s macro economic growth at approximately 9% per annum which is expected to continue up to 2019.
Given the governmenta€™s target for renewables to account for 15% (or 12.5 GW) of total domestic energy use by 2025 and a planned capacity increase of 55 GW to 2019, investors are being presented with a variety of opportunities in both small and large scale power generation projects. The current regulatory environment supports these predictions given the incentives currently in place to lure investors into the geothermal energy sector (See Investing in Geothermal Energy in Indonesia), however biomass demands greater attention to encourage further investment.
Given the continuing growth of electricity consumption by households and private industry, Indonesiaa€™s electricity sector offers highly lucrative opportunities for investors. De uno u otro modo, estas empresas siempre han sabido apanarselas para no claudicar y las leyes que de vez en cuando surgen para ponerles un freno terminan incluso favoreciendoles. Y es, precisamente, en las energias no renovables donde estan concentradas las grandes inversiones de la mayoria de las companias electricas.


Esperemos que el Estado comprenda la gravedad del asunto, ya que podriamos estar cerrandole las puertas al futuro de las proximas generaciones.
Such targets have served to highlight the need for significant investment in the countrya€™s electricity capacity as well as the vast opportunities for investors in the sector, particularly within renewable energy. However the growth in electricity generation capacity is failing to keep pace with the rate of demand at less than 5% growth annually due to a lack of investment as well as an over reliance on costly fossil fuels. 30 of 2009 ended PLNa€™s monopoly over the electricity sector thereby opening up the industry to IPPs who may also sell their electricity directly to end consumers.
The areas with the lowest rate of electricity coverage tend to be made up of smaller islands such as West & East Nusa Tenggara as well as Riau Islands and Maluku. Indonesia produces an estimated 146.7 million MET of biomass every year particularly from palm oil, rubber wood, coconut and rice residues yet management of this waste still presents challenges (a€?Development of Waste Management Practices in Indonesiaa€™, European Journal of Scientific Research 2010). Recent developments in government policy serve to enhance these opportunities further such as regulations on the domestic processing of mining and mineral products which will require smelters to be constructed across the country. Afortunadamente, cada vez es mas grande la oposicion que tienen estas companias de parte de instituciones que apuestan por la proteccion, el cuidado y la preservacion del medioambiente. IPPs are therefore being encouraged to take on up to 43% of new electricity capacity with a target of 3% of the total being supplied by small scale projects. Such areas are particularly well suited to small scale power generation and renewable energy initiatives as they avoid the need for distribution of fuel sources in hard to reach areas. In mid 2012, the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources sought to address the pricing policy by announcing plans to increase biomass generated electricity tariffs, particularly waste derived from landfills, which should boost the attractiveness of the sector to investors. Now is therefore a key time to enter the market and participate to the countrya€™s burgeoning electricity and renewable energy sector. Desde luego que sigue siendo una lucha desigual, pero al menos los defensores de la vida parecen mas decididos que antes. 31 of 2009 sought to set out the conditions of Power Purchasing Agreements (PPA) between IPPs and PLN followed by the Ministry of Energy Regulation No.7 of 2010 on cross subsidisation to provide electricity at reasonable prices for the public. IPPs have the freedom to operate in areas that are not earmarked for PLNa€™s electrification program and PLN retains a a€?right for first refusala€™. IPPs wishing to sell directly to end users must construct their own transmission grid and those selling directly to the grid must enter into a PPA with PLN which are licensed by the Central Government. Decentralisation has opened up further opportunities for IPPs as regional governments can enter into PPAs provided they have a license (IUPTL). Foreign investors are being actively wooed for the electricity sector through local partnerships in projects above 1 MW to 10 MW and with up to 95% ownership in projects above 10 MW.



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