Electromagnetic force field generator,what channel is national geographic on comcast in oregon,emergency survival merit badge holders,american pie 4 full movie sub indo - You Shoud Know

What if we develop the technology to detect laser beams before they’re fired, as in detecting the firing process itself.
Another thought, maybe we can design our crafts alittle differently from what we see in Star Wars, in a way it’s more difficult to land a succesful hit.
Finally, rather than creating shields, we should focus more on the agility of the crafts so that a hit won’t occur in the first place. Since Lasers move with lightspeed and nothing else can move faster, how will the signal “laser is fired” reach you and still give enough time for the calculations and to power up the shield?
I watch A LOT of scifi, but I have the Neil deGrasse Tyson sickness: Knowing too much about science and picking the movies apart because of that.
Every type of directed energy weapon (like a laser) would need huge capacitors that fill up with energy before you can fire. It’s impossible to make a perfectly reflecting surface, so some energy will always come through.
Surprisingly, bullets would still be a very effective weapon in space, especially because there is no air resistance. Nukes are a great weapon in space, since the bad things about them don’t count anymore in the radiation soup that is outer space. I agree with you, that plasma might be a good weapon: Plasma is easy to produce, moves fast and can deliver a lot of energy in a short time. I guess it will come down to a good collection of different weapons, rather than one or two default weapons of choice. So if for example your ship is moving away from the enemy ship, or the enemy is a little bit faster than you, the bullet would not even reach the ship, ever.
But yeah, a larger change in the electromagnetic fields around the enemy ship would probably one of the only thing you could detect before the were firing a laser. Depends on future capacitors: Todays capacitors are very good at taking and giving of huge amounts of energy in very short times. Even though they arent good at storing large amounts of energy, they could hold the charge at a decent rate, and charging them slowly will give the benefit of lower charge current, and therefore lower the losses.
Though, I would guess space-warfare mostly would be won or lost on the premises of who could detect the enemy first. Even if the plasma didnt reflect 100 % of the electromagnetic radiation, it can absorbe the rest of the energy without beeing destroyed. Rail gun might be to sloe also, with the risk of taking hours and days before anything hits the enemy. You are quite right about the speeds and incredible distances in space making most conventional weapons ineffective. One problem in space: Once you hurl a massive object in one direction, you hurl your ship into the opposite direction at the same speed.
You are right, of course: All these ideas depend on the mass (and speed) of your ship and the mass and velocity of your projectiles. The rail gun would be in a seperate compartment, but attached to the station via a swivle or something.
The only way to really wage a war in space is to have large heavily augmented humans who wear special armor, board the enemy ship and chop everyone on board up with chain swords and power axes.
But without guidance from the Codex Astronimican such a thing will have no chance against the powers of the warp.
You forget to take into account the incredible advances in nano-engineering and meta-materials we made in the last years. Hard X-rays can penetrate solid objects, and their largest use is to take images of the inside of objects in diagnostic radiography and crystallography. The roentgen (R) is an obsolete traditional unit of exposure, which represented the amount of radiation required to create one electrostatic unit of charge of each polarity in one cubic centimeter of dry air.
The rad is the (obsolete) corresponding traditional unit, equal to 10 millijoules of energy deposited per kilogram.
The sievert (Sv) is the SI unit of equivalent dose, which for X-rays is numerically equal to the gray (Gy). X-rays are generated by an X-ray tube, a vacuum tube that uses a high voltage to accelerate the electrons released by a hot cathode to a high velocity.
In crystallography, a copper target is most common, with cobalt often being used when fluorescence from iron content in the sample might otherwise present a problem.
X-ray fluorescence: If the electron has enough energy it can knock an orbital electron out of the inner electron shell of a metal atom, and as a result electrons from higher energy levels then fill up the vacancy and X-ray photons are emitted.
So the resulting output of a tube consists of a continuous bremsstrahlung spectrum falling off to zero at the tube voltage, plus several spikes at the characteristic lines.
In medical diagnostic applications, the low energy (soft) X-rays are unwanted, since they are totally absorbed by the body, increasing the dose. To generate an image of the cardiovascular system, including the arteries and veins (angiography) an initial image is taken of the anatomical region of interest.
A specialized source of X-rays which is becoming widely used in research is synchrotron radiation, which is generated by particle accelerators. The most commonly known methods are photographic plates, photographic film in cassettes, and rare earth screens. Before the advent of the digital computer and before invention of digital imaging, photographic plates were used to produce most radiographic images. Since photographic plates are sensitive to X-rays, they provide a means of recording the image, but they also required much X-ray exposure (to the patient), hence intensifying screens were devised. Areas where the X-rays strike darken when developed, causing bones to appear lighter than the surrounding soft tissue. Contrast compounds containing barium or iodine, which are radiopaque, can be ingested in the gastrointestinal tract (barium) or injected in the artery or veins to highlight these vessels. An increasingly common method is the use of photostimulated luminescence (PSL), pioneered by Fuji in the 1980s.
The PSP plate can be reused, and existing X-ray equipment requires no modification to use them. For many applications, counters are not sealed but are constantly fed with purified gas, thus reducing problems of contamination or gas aging. Some materials such as sodium iodide (NaI) can "convert" an X-ray photon to a visible photon; an electronic detector can be built by adding a photomultiplier. What I mean is to detect the process that leads to the firing, seriously you don’t watch enough sci-fi movies. It think we’ll come up with better and especially easier ways to deflect electromagnetic radiation, than to wrap the whole ship into plasma (which would be quite dangerous in itself). But this gives us a very big problem: Once a bullet is fired in space, it just keeps going.
Many people don’t know is that one of the problems for spaceships is too get rid of excess heat. But it is highly charged, so deflecting it is not that hard… How about particle beams?
If you moved away from the enemy with a speed of more than the muzzzle velocity (high probability), the bullet would not even go in the right direction! And even then, you probably only had a extremly short time before the laser hit you, and you need to get the shields up and running. But they are VERY bad at storing energy (that’s why we still use complicated batteries with rare materials instead of cheap capacitors everyone could make by hand). But epcially if the enemy could detect charging of the capacitors, I know I would charge them forehand. Any type of laser powerful enough to do damage to something like a ship would destroy a regular mirror.
You could easily cover the ship with mirrors, but they would probably only briefly limit the damage.
To my knowlege, plasma have no problem existing at many hundred millions of degrees, or have any real upper limit. If he does have a laser, he would BBQ you and your projectiles long before you could inflict any damage. One thing to remember though: For the math to work out, you have to set your reference frame first. Then we really have the problem where your enemy is moving away faster than the bullets fly.
Tough, not too problematic if you have another rail guns shooting at opposite direction :P, or just turn on thoose rocket boosters. The other one was a mecha series where one of the mechas used something like a giant sniper rifle. Especially since you probably won’t shoot in the exact same direction every time, chances are the mass of a huge, moving ship could take the kickback of a rail-gun without much of a problem. This process produces an emission spectrum of X-ray frequencies, sometimes referred to as the spectral lines. The intensity of the X-rays increases linearly with decreasing frequency, from zero at the energy of the incident electrons, the voltage on the X-ray tube. A second image is then taken of the same region after iodinated contrast material has been injected into the blood vessels within this area.
The contrast compounds have high atomic numbered elements in them that (like bone) essentially block the X-rays and hence the once hollow organ or vessel can be more readily seen.
In modern hospitals a photostimulable phosphor plate (PSP plate) is used in place of the photographic plate.
Present advanced concepts with names such as thermodynamics, entropy, relativity, quantum mechanics, quantum field theory, and string theories are difficult to comprehend.
While these concepts presented are founded on modern accepted scientific information, many of the explanations are different than in present popular books. For example more complex energy concepts in Engineering are often limited to topics involving thermodynamics. Modern scientists and engineers therefore should be more familiar with energy concepts outside of their specific areas. Initially energy was thought of as the ability to do macroscopic work like the work the kinetic energy of a cannonball can do on impact or the work that the potential energy of a hoisted block of granite can do on falling. First of all energy such as matter and photons is not the only "entity" that appears to exist in the universe. Some variations of this theory viewed particles as wavelike while others viewed all microscopic particles as points with probabilistic outcome of their behavior. Perhaps the smallest entity of space will be too small for us to ever measure and identify. For example Einstein's Special Relativity theory renounced the aether as the medium that light traveled in.
Space-time is now composed of fields such as the gravitational and magnetic fields which fill the universe [1c].
It is possible that the entire universe is composed of at least three layers of entities that can be identified. When energy wavicles travel at high speed relative to the space continuum there is a Doppler [6] type effect that occurs. Imagine that exited atoms on this star emit photons of red light, depicting a cold dying star. When a train travels along the tracks and sounds its horn, the frequency of horn vibrations do not change significantly in relation to how fast the train is traveling.
Because of the Doppler effect that occurs when energy wavicles travel in the universe, and because of the speed of light, measuring tools, clocks, and mass all change as an observer moves relative to the space continuum.
In this system, all measurements are considered to be relative to absolute geometric coordinates. This may have been a fine analogy at the time however we presently have identified at least four different force fields that affect energy. The biggest dilemma is that currently most scientists think that forces are produced by the exchange of interactive wavicles such as photons. It appears that there a space continuum which forms a fixed absolute 3-dimensional structure that entirely fills the universe. Commonly there is an indirect transfer of energy through the creation of energy wavicles such as photons. Wavicles are often thought of as being very small, in reality they can cover a huge volume of space otherwise our eyes or the tiny aerials of cell phones would not be able to collide with enough of them. It does not appear that the vibrations of the wavicles are vibrations of the space continuum entities, rather the energy wavicles seem to be vibrating in their own cell like structures, but in relation to the metrical aspect of the space continuum.
These various collections result in the different properties that atoms and molecules possess. The molecules in a person are made from matter and these would contain much more relativistic mass and energy if they traveled at these speeds. Still textbooks continue to use the standard water wave model to represent energy wavicles. In this theory it is said that an energy particle can behave as either a particle or as a wave, but not both.
For example the word frequency in the physical wave model usually means the frequency or number of wave crests traveling past a reference point per unit of time.
This would be equivalent to forming a new photon of larger boson energy which would represent a different color. Because the energy wavicle is vibrating, many phenomena such as interference and diffraction can occur just as they do with water and sound waves. External energy [12] in a very generalized way is directional energy and internal energy is multidirectional energy. These are forms of multidirectional energy that cannot be entirely converted into external energy.
Unless perpetual motion is possible it is impossible to convert most forms of internal energy entirely into external energy. Though there is no basic scientific principle that does not allow perpetual motion, scientists feel that it is not possible.
But while chemistry uses second law evaluation terms like helmholtz energy and gibbs energy, mechanical engineering uses totally different terms like availability and exergy.
Scientists like Gibbs and Helmholtz started the basis of the plural energy system while others like Clausius developed the singular energy system. This makes a second law evaluation more precise as each of these are not really equal in worth when comparing realistic processes. In reality though, most engineers that use the singular energy system also use terms such as chemical energy, nuclear energy, kinetic energy, and potential energy. This is because it is often difficult or impossible to convert certain types of energy into other different forms.
When referring to the fact that energy is conserved in the universe it should be mentioned that it is einstein energy that is conserved, because other forms may not be.
At other times though it is necessary to consider the various forms of energy such as chemical or thermal separately. In the United States, engineers often use the old English system of units, which is now named the American system.
The previously mentioned First Law of Energy says nothing about the ability of different energy wavicles to generate a certain amount of force. For example when a hydrogen atom bonds to an oxygen molecule, not as much total energy is required in the newly formed water molecule as in the separate hydrogen and oxygen molecules. Writers in the post Einstein period of 1920-1950 such as Eddington almost always considered the term mass to be a shortened form for the relativistic mass that an object possessed. If a cannonball is accelerated out of a cannon, the energy required to accelerate it is added to it's total energy content.
When they write about the more specific mass of matter at rest with an observer, they use the words rest mass or invariant mass. Presently the concept of mass is usually used to calculate the inertia and gravity effects of bodies of matter. In reality it is more precise, especially when relating to the more complex aspects of mass in science, to write or speak using the full two word descriptions at all times. When a cannonball is stationary relative to an observer, it contains an amount of rest mass. It is possible to calculate this mass through a type of relativistic Doppler formulae, which is called the FitzGerald relationship, as shown in Eq (2), which equates the velocity of the rest mass to the new larger relativistic mass of the cannonball. Basically all four forms of energy are related to their own specific forms of mass with variations of Einstein Eq (4). There is a small amount of mass left over that cannot be utilized in the formation of the new collection of wavicles. This is enough energy to power the average house at a normal average electricity use of 1 kw for 2,854 years.
A key characteristic of the space continuum is that energy travels in straight lines if there is no interference from other energy wavicles or force fields. Gravity force fields are traveling towards the center of the earth however and so the moon travels in a circle around the earth. Einstein proposed that the reason why gravity and inertia appear to feel the same is because they are equivalent [8]. Does this mean that when the cannonball is lifted from the floor to the table, the relativistic energy and relativistic mass increase in the cannonball?
In the true physics definition work represents all forms of external energy and internal energy transfer, however in the engineering definition it represents only the external energy transfer. Conversions from one form of external energy to another form of external energy such as this can occur in a single reservoir of energy.
This is why the ambient Reservoir T0 is always considered to be infinitely larger than the Reservoir T unless stated otherwise. However, the shield works equally well in both directions, so you can’t return fire either. When your giant reactors do more damage to your ship than the lasers do to your enemy, you have to come up with a new plan. Every bullet not hitting your target would just keep flying until it finds a target, be it minutes later around the block or a thousand years later in the next solar system. There’s no air around you that could dissipate heat, so you have to come up with other ways to get rid of it.
Antimatter-nukes on the other hand might need an active containment unit for the antimatter. Muzzle velocity would be almost identical in space VS on earth, but obviously it would just keep on going.
And if you could stop the ship (relative to earth) after an hour from you fired the bullet, it would hit you in teh back within the next hour. The field of plasma would effectively reflect the laser away from whatever the shield was meant to protect.
What the authors of the movies don’t tell you: What the hell happens to all the energy that shot carried? Even if they could reflect 90 %, the 10 percent, or even 1 % would destroy the mirror fairly quickly.
For two spaceships moving parallel at the same speed for example, you can ignore the speeds altogether.
At the start of a fight, he would fly to the nearest asteroid and attach the gun to it, giving him some steady shots, before the asteroid began to tumble and he needed a new position. You cultist morons are always making illogical rants like this when it comes to the big bang and evolution and magical life from whatever and poisoning everyone’s thinking. Unlike religion, theories are based off of evidence and they accept the possibility that they may be wrong, follow where the evidence points to (not where we’d like it to), and encourages people to challenge them and improve upon them. The spectral lines generated depend on the target (anode) element used and thus are called characteristic lines. These two images are then digitally subtracted, leaving an image of only the iodinated contrast outlining the blood vessels. Photographic film largely replaced these plates, and it was used in X-ray laboratories to produce medical images. In the pursuit of a non-toxic contrast material, many types of high atomic number elements were evaluated. After the plate is X-rayed, excited electrons in the phosphor material remain "trapped" in "colour centres" in the crystal lattice until stimulated by a laser beam passed over the plate surface. Electrons accelerate toward the anode, in the process causing further ionization along their trajectory.
Concise definitions are provided that can be used in the same way in all disciplines of science and result in a quicker understanding of the concepts presented.
It is beneficial then to group the basic concepts of energy from the different areas of science together. Sometimes an old model is used because it is simpler to understand but this does not result in a knowledge of the latest ideas on the topic. There is a space continuum [26]and there are force fields that are not considered to be made of energy or matter. Aristotle concluded that everything on the earth was made of four substances; earth, water, air and fire. Einstein is also father of the Quantum theory which describes how energy is exchanged on the microscopic level as vibrating particles. Even though we will not know about the biggest picture for some time, it is best that a modern theory such as the Theory of Everything be used. Many people to this day think that Einstein's Special Relativity theory proposed that light and matter traveled in space that was totally void. These fields are considered to be the product of matter, so the argument given is that there would be no fields and so no type of structure in the universe without matter.


As well the force fields of Einstein's General Relativity theory do need to travel in another underlying structure of space. First there is a space continuum which forms a fixed absolute 3-dimensional structure that entirely fills the universe.
In Fig 5 there are two diagrams, one with the star and planet at rest relative to the fixed space continuum, and a second with the star and planet moving relative to the space continuum. If a single atom emitted a single photon in the direction of the planet, it would leave the star and travel at the speed of light relative to the space continuum. Now when a single photon is emitted from the star it is not emitted as a photon of red light, rather it will be yellow light. This is because the horn vibrations are related to the space continuum of space, while the sound it produces is related to the air molecules. Einstein refused to think in terms of an Absolute system that I am sure he must have understood existed. To properly calculate events in the universe we must relate these initially to an absolute system because that is what light speed is constant relative to. Our present day model would need to have four different overlapping warps because each force affects energy in a different way. In this view it is imagined that the magnetic field is actually a flow of virtual photons emanating from one end of the magnet and being returned in the other. At present we have no words in our language to describe such an entity that is not made up of any form of matter.
When the lines of force in a field system move there are often wavicles such as photons that are formed. In the present string theory, all the different types of energy particles are described as different frequencies of the vibrating strings. When matter travels very fast relative to the space continuum, the wavicles are not traveling at greater than the speed of light. With energy wavicles, frequency does not refer to the number of wavicles traveling by per second but rather the frequency of vibrations of the single energy wavicle. Such light will be incoherent because it does not have a regular spacing between photons as shown in Fig 8.
The amount of energy contained in each photon wavicle is exactly proportional to the wavicle-frequency. While this can occur with water waves, light wavicles cannot be joined together to form one larger one or split apart unless they are absorbed by matter and re-emitted. The energy stored in the iron bar due to the magnet and the energy stored in the cannonball due to the earth's gravitational field are examples of external energy because the energy was added and stored in a directional way. If a country only prints X amount of dollars, then different people and companies will own and trade these dollars, but the total amount will never change.
In engineering the second law evaluation is also called an exergy evaluation or availability evaluation, but this is generally a more specific type of evaluation involving only clausius energy, which will be introduced in Chapter 13.
The chemistry terms such as chemical energy or helmholtz energy are referred to here as the plural energy system.
The plural energy system as described in Chapter 13 has several inherent advantages over the singular energy system and is what is used in this booklet.
In the singular energy system the two entities must be kept separate because energy and exergy are not considered to be the same. So it can be seen that the singular energy system uses names from both systems, which are not really compatible.
The system of energy proposed in this booklet is based on the plural energy naming system where all the different types of energy are two word forms such as nuclear energy. All einstein energy can be logically divided into either external energy, internal energy, or nucleus energy, which was defined in Chapter 10. This is external energy or more specifically expansion energy that is stored in the expanded air volume.
As was just shown however, calculations very often involve mixtures of the two, which can rightfully be added together to comply with the First Law of Energy. In this system the ft-lb is the unit of external energy and the BTU is the unit of internal energy. It is the system that is preferred in engineering and physics and is making quick inroads into chemistry and biology.
As was already mentioned, all forms of external energy can be theoretically converted entirely into other forms of external energy.
Temperature is a term [16] that will be used in this booklet to describe the amount of energy that all types of internal energy has. This total energy content is called the relativistic energy and the mass of this energy is called the relativistic mass.
It turns out however that inertia and gravity effects are really related to how much energy a body possesses. This is because people will never come to an agreement of what the single word mass should mean. When the cannonball is accelerated through the air, it's total relativistic mass increases. In other words, the rest mass of matter is related to an amount of rest energy, or the velocity energy is related to its gain in velocity mass using Eq (4). This small amount of mass results in a great deal of energy being liberated, largely in the form of super high energy photons. Most of the energy contained in the aluminum however could not ever be converted into electricity. In energy systems it is also proper to say there is so much energy at a certain point of a process or that energy is transferred during a process. Converting internal energy such as thermal energy to external energy is much more difficult and a flow between two reservoirs is required. The flow of internal energy is based on the fact that matter wavicles like atoms and molecules with higher temperature emit more photons per second and larger photons of greater photon energy than matter wavicles with lower temperature.
In fact, since the plasma blocks all frequencies at or below the threshold dictated by its density, you probably won’t even be able to see past your own deflector shield. I believe 100 grams encased in a High caliber shell would, combined with railgun tech, be viable soon in the future. A bullet fired from one ship to the next still has its full muzzle velocity, no matter how fast the firing ship moves while firing.
As for peer review, that only works well if you have a rational and objective person doing the reviewing, not just some dumb atheist. The radiologist or surgeon then compares the image obtained to normal anatomical images to determine if there is any damage or blockage of the vessel. In more recent years, computerized and digital radiography has been replacing photographic film in medical and dental applications, though film technology remains in widespread use in industrial radiography processes (e.g. For example, the first time the forefathers used contrast it was chalk, and was used on a cadaver's vessels. This process, known as a Townsend avalanche, is detected as a sudden current, called a "count" or "event".
In Physics the much bigger and modern Einstein picture of energy based on Relativity and Quantum theories is popular. Later in 1830 Joule said that this energy or ability to do macroscopic work was also contained within the molecules. It is the properties of the entire system and how energy behaves in this system that are of most interest in energy science. In 1887 the famous Michelson-Morley test, which used two beams of light traveling perpendicular to each other, failed to detect the motion of the earth through the aether.
With Einstein came the turning point in beginning to fathom the much bigger picture of how the universe behaved. In 1986 the string theory and a little later the superstring theory [27], Membrane theory, and around 1998 the M-theory [29] were proposed which claimed that all matter and force particles are the result of different nodes of vibrating strings or membranes. It is interesting however that even Einstein, who developed both the Relativity and Quantum theories, did not ever combine the two together.
Though it was not mentioned in the theory, Einstein later cleared up this matter by saying that "this rigid four-dimensional space of the Special theory of Relativity is to some extent a four-dimensional analogue of H.A.
There is little explanation given as to what these fields might be however, but it seems clear that Einstein did not envision forces to be the result of photon-like particles. Einstein had explained the structure of space-time to be the mysterious all pervading force fields. The star, planet, and the human observer are made of matter that are really just a collection of vibrating wavicles. When we consider light however, both the light as well as the atom which is producing the emission, are both traveling in relation to the space continuum and change properties the faster they travel.
So it is impossible to get an absolute measurement of distance, time, and mass in relation to the space continuum. He believed that the Observer system was only valid because it is the information that an observer receives [9]. The best solution to this dilemma is to start by understanding the theoretical model of an Absolute measurement system, then relate this to an Observer system. I suggest that an Absolute measurement system using 3-dimensional space is the easiest for most people to comprehend as the "ground floor" for doing calculations. However it is also a well known fact that different types of blackbodies absorb every type of real photon that is emitted.
It is not solid, liquid or gas, because these are words to describe different formations of atomic particles. For example when the electromagnetic field around a radio transmission aerial expands and contracts, real wavicles of low energy called radio wavicles are formed.
I like to think of them as simply wavicles, which can include any kind of vibrating string, membrane, ball, blob or bubble. Such a system does not seem possible because the energy of each individual wavicle is already based on the speed of the vibrations of the wavicles. If a single water wave is generated in the center of a calm body of water, it travels in a spherical pattern from the source.
In fact an energy particle has particle-like and wave-like properties, but it is neither of the two. As well, a certain wavelength does not relate to the spacing between different energy wavicles but rather the distance the wavicle travels in relation to the space continuum during one vibration. Radio and especially laser wavicles on the other hand can be coherent as well as monochromatic. The hotter an object is the larger will be the boson energy of the photon emitted and the higher will be its wavicle-frequency.
When more light wavicles are concentrated on a surface it is only the brightness that has been increased. The energy added increases the velocity of the molecules, however the molecules are traveling in all different directions and this does not result in any forward movement of the collection of molecules. Because external energy is always stored in the same system as internal energy, it is sometimes hard to identify what is the part that is external energy and so some rules need to be made. The pendulum alternates between two forms of external energy, potential energy and kinetic energy, both of which are directional forms of energy. Presently this is called the Law of Conservation of Energy in physics or in engineering is called the First Law of Thermodynamics. If a second law analysis were done in biology, this would for example entail a calculation of the maximum amount of muscle energy that could be obtained from a certain amount of food energy. The mechanical engineering system which uses the terms energy and exergy on the other hand is referred to as the singular energy system. The singular energy system sometimes uses similar subforms of exergy, but words for these subforms are even less recognized than the word exergy.
This is because energy and exergy always overlap each other and do not add up to the total einstein energy. In reality there is really only one form of energy that is conserved in the universe and this is named einstein energy in the plural energy system. External energy is logically divided up between the major forms of kinetic energy and potential energy.
If this was the case, the molecules would quickly loose their energy to the thermal energy system around them, and the molecules would soon disintegrate. The reason these combinations are used is that it is often too much work to separate an internal or external energy addition. The rest of the thermal energy goes into elevating the temperature of the air, a form of internal energy.
Generally in the singular energy system mentioned in Chapter 12, when it is stated that a certain process has a certain exergy, this is equal to an amount of clausius energy.
The joule is the preferred unit of energy in the SI metric system as opposed to the calorie. When the hydrogen-oxygen bonding occurs, the excess energy under ideal conditions can be released as a single package of energy for each newly created bond.
It uses the same energy per wavicle as degrees Kelvin but starts the scale at 0°C which represent the freezing point of water at normal conditions on earth. This gain in external energy usually is very very tiny compared to the total energy locked in the atoms of the cannonball. The four equivalent forms of energy represent the energy contained in each of the four types of mass.
In physics it is usual to only calculate the increase in the relativistic energy which is the increase of it's velocity energy. If this mass is plugged into the well know Einstein Eq (4), it will be found that the energy calculated will be identical with what is calculated with Eq (1). When comparing how much energy is gained due to other forms of mass there are different ratios that apply.
The amount of energy liberated can be calculated with a variation of Eq (4) using absolute mass and absolute energy. Besides wanting to travel in a straight line, another property of the space continuum is that energy wants to travel in the same direction and at the same speed. It is because the acceleration due to moving away from the natural motion of space continuum and the acceleration due to gravity are completely balanced off. Based on the model presented in this booklet, it appears that both inertia and gravity are the result of the space continuum's effect on energy. Compared to the gravity force field, the cannonball is accelerating away from the earth while it sits on the table.
This means that matter wavicles of higher temperature lose energy more quickly than ones of lower temperature.
But even if you double that, that is VERY slow relative to the speed of spacecrafts (yours and the enemy) which would probably be ten or twenty times that. I prefer to think of it as liberating peoples minds from the thousands of years of religious oppression that have been forced on people under the threat of death, torture, war, alienation, and exile.
When the film is developed, the parts of the image corresponding to higher X-ray exposure are dark, leaving a white shadow of bones on the film. In Chemistry the study of energy is often restricted to a small subset of thermodynamic topics mixed with quantum theories.
Sometimes a convenient model is used for ease of understanding only but is not necessarily labeled as such. He suggested that the molecules contained forms of microscopic energy just like that contained in the moving cannonball and the hoisted block of granite. This startled many scientists and they began looking for other theories that would explain the behavior of light. In 1905 Einstein wrote two separate theories regarding the behavior of energy in the universe. Other scientists claim that strings are just ideas at this point and there is not definite proof, we should be thinking more in terms of a broader more open discussion forum where a wide range of possibilities can be discussed. Each of the theories explains a part of how the universe operates by using models that are valid only in a very limited sense. It is better to use such a modern view as opposed to hanging on to theories such as Relativity and Quantum mechanics which hold partial and opposing concepts of the universe.
These force fields provide the structure of space in which matter and other particles such as in photons travel in relation to. Modern theories always use the older theories as a foundation to create new and better ones when better evidence is obtained.
Thirdly there are traveling energy wavicles, which are tiny vibrating entities that contain energy in different forms such as photons and atoms.
When matter is forced to increase its speed relative to the space continuum, the vibrating matter wavicles are forced to vibrate quicker as well. When the photon arrived at the observer on the planet, the observer would see the photon as the same red light relative to the eye of the observer which is at rest relative to the space continuum. So in the Observer system, time is based on clocks the observer has which vary their speed depending how fast they travel relative to the space continuum. It is the way that most scientific measurements are understood and the method of measurement that is used when calculating distance and time with maps.
Most people identify the concept of dimension with the spatial ones and using the word dimensions for these just leads to confusion.
Surely then a blackbody placed in the path of a stationary magnetic field would absorb the virtual photons that were emitted and quickly heat up. We can only use common words such as granularity, cellularity, or metrical to describe the fact that the space continuum must be divided off into very small sub entities.
It is not likely that atoms with wavicles vibrating so quickly and containing so much energy would be stable anymore. Again we do not presently have a common word in our language that describes such an entity. For example it is possible to use a magnifying lens and concentrate light from a large area into a point.
Two common forms of external energy are used as the reference, the directionally oriented motion energy such as is contained in the cannonball's forward movement known as kinetic energy and the directionally oriented energy such as is contained in the hoisted block of granite which is a form of potential energy.
There are however other forms of internal energy such as chemical energy that also cannot be completely converted into external energy. Many scientists over time have tried to establish single word names like enthalpy, essergy and anergy for the different forms of energy but this is not necessarily desirable as few people would recognize them as forms of energy. The vibrational energy that is being referred to is really the wavicle vibrations inside the building blocks of the atom itself. Because this thermal energy is not added with the intent of extracting any work, all that is generally desired is to know how much thermal energy needs to be added to raise the temperature of the air in the room. The joule or newton-meter was considered the unit of external energy and the calorie was the unit for internal energy. Because the English alphabet has a limited amount of letters to be used as symbols, standard character set designations like the degree symbol can be used to further identify a unit. This would be a very small fraction of a Joule such as 1.23 x 10-23 joules, which are very small numbers indeed.
In other words the excess energy is not dribbled out in multiple randomly sized amounts of energy. If we use a mass that is a very small ratio of the energy content, then the gain in external energy compared to the mass is now more similar. Note that Eq (4) does not look like the usual Einstein equation because it uses the more exact symbols for energy and mass.
For example when rest mass such as in the cannonball is accelerated, its rest mass is related to its velocity energy gain by Eq (1).
Because both matter and photons have both relativistic mass and relativistic energy, it is not proper to say that mass is converted into energy in the system suggested here.
Not only are they balanced but both of these forces are balanced throughout the entire body of the astronaut.
It appears that gravity is caused as a result of a force produced by its field and inertia is caused by a movement relative to the space continuum. Science fiction has the luxury of positing neat technological ideas without necessarily explaining how they work — if they could even work. Photographic plates are mostly things of history, and their replacement, the "intensifying screen", is also fading into history. In Biology the study of energy is severely restricted to a small subset of Chemistry energy topics. In 1905 Einstein suggested that matter such as the molecules and atoms are really very large collections of energy particles. Lorentz felt that the instruments Michelson and Morley had used may have changed in length in the direction of travel relative to the aether. The first is now labeled as the Quantum theory and described how energy is emitted and absorbed on the microscopic level as particles or quanta of energy as opposed to waves such as sound waves.
The Theory of Everything therefore will not be a complete picture presently but it will be filled in slowly over time. So Einstein's space-time in his Special Relativity theory can be thought of as a type of aether. Such a structure is necessary to provide a uniform speed of light and is necessary for inertia to exist. The space continuum is stationary in the universe, but wavicles and force fields probably travel at the speed of light relative to this space continuum. This is the reason matter gains a large amount of relativistic mass [3] when it travels near the speed of light. Distances in the universe are based on how quickly a ray of light can travel from the distant event.


At least the magnet would absorb the photons if the virtual photons were anything like a real photon. It must have sub entities because the speed of energy as well as force fields that travel through space devoid of matter is very uniform. In reality though the new wavicle of energy was created by direct transfer of the energy in the transmission aerial through the fields and to the new energy wavicles. It is more likely that all the different atoms are rather created by the different combinations and groupings of wavicle chains and webs. The basic components of matter such as the proton, neutron, electron, and neutrinos are all fermions. A boat lying far from the source of the wave would experience only part of the energy of the wave as it passes by the boat.
If energy was added to the cannonball by a charge of gunpowder in a closed cannon, the expanding hot gases would be made more directional and so the cannonball would come flying out of the bore of the cannon.
If other forms of energy can be entirely converted into these two types in a simple one-step mechanism, they are also included as forms of external energy. Even a fuel cell theoretically cannot entirely convert chemical energy into electricity, which is a form of external energy. Food is a form of internal energy and cannot be entirely converted into muscle energy, which is a form of external energy.
Exergy is not considered to be a form of energy but a designation of the quality of energy.
It is also confusing for some forms of energy to be two words such as internal energy while others are not such as enthalpy.
The last chart shows the complex forms of energy which are used in more complex energy calculations. It most often represents the combination of electricity and thermal energy available in a co-generation power plant. In a corporation though some money is in the form of actual currency, other money is in the form of land, buildings, shares and even the value of patents. When doing calculations for energy conversion devices such as gas turbines, it is too cumbersome to use dual units for energy. The degree symbol can easily be typed on a PC computer by holding down the Alt key while typing 248. This single package of energy may not ever form a real photon that leaves the confines of the molecule.
The photons entire energy however is velocity energy, and its energy is related to its velocity mass by Eq (4).
It is better to say that a certain amount of matter was converted into other forms of matter and released excess energy in the process .
Energy wavicles have momentum because if they change in velocity relative to the space continuum, the Doppler effect requires that they change their energy content. In a dense fog it would be hard for boys on the raft to tell that they were moving relative to anything else.
To get the cannonball onto the table, there were energy wavicles such as photons transferred to the cannonball during lifting the cannonball to the table.
At that time it was mostly the conversion of thermal energy to external energy that was being studied. When the Reservoir T0 is much larger than the Reservoir T, its temperature does no change appreciably as energy flows into it. The metal silver (formerly necessary to the radiographic & photographic industries) is a non-renewable resource.
As well there existed energy particles such as the photon that transferred energy between different types of matter. The second element's particles made up a fluid called the aether that filled the space in-between the third element. Poincare a leading French mathematician felt that our time system may be altered as we travel through the aether. The second is called the Special Relativity theory and it described how light and matter changed energy as they traveled relative to space-time. Matter wavicles such as atoms can be thought to be merely collections of individual wavicles. It is possible to plan the trip theoretically based on calculations or the scale of the map. If virtual photons aren't at all like real photons then they are a completely different kind of entity than real photons with completely different properties. How would energy wavicles and force fields know how to travel at a certain rate if the space continuum or space were one large entity? The Electromagnetic field holds together atoms and molecules, is responsible for magnetism and electric fields. If the forces in the field collapse slowly, wavicles with slow vibration equal to the vibrations of the magnetic field will be created. There may also be other possible variations within energy wavicles which at present we cannot detect.
Another way of dividing all wavicles is into those that contain entirely matter and ones that don't.
This is a factor that Einstein did not take into account in his totally relative Observer system. Hoffman in fact did coin a new name wavicle for this new kind of object but you will not find it listed in most common dictionaries. This is why radio wavicles can induce a current in an electric wire, whereas infrared light wavicles cannot. The wavicle is not hitting a flat surface, but an irregular surface composed of the bumpy parts of the atom and is being deflected by the varying force fields that surround the atom.
The cannonball flying out of a cannon would contain both multidirectional and directional forms of energy. For example if a gas is compressed in a cylinder the molecules get hotter and contain more motion energy of the molecules, but if the gas is allowed to expand again quickly, the piston will return back to the starting point. Then there are other irreversible losses in the muscle itself that result in even less muscle energy being produced than the theoretical amount calculated.
As well there are not enough different names that sound similar to energy that can be used when many forms are used. There are many subforms of external energy like gravitational energy and magnetic energy, which are not listed in the chart because these are commonly just identified with potential energy. These cannot all be exchanged easily for each other but in the books they are all valued in dollars.
We know mass represents the energy of the matter in the cannonball and the gain in energy due to an increase in speed represents the external energy.
Because both the gravity field and travel in the universe are relative to the same space continuum, the effect appears to be identical. There are many other types of internal energy transfer that are not covered in this system. Presently it is said that the difference in total internal energy of two systems results in a flow, but it is easier to deal with a single energy rather than a difference of two energies.
When the word or symbol ambient temperature or ambient reservoir is used, it is implied that the ambient reservoir is infinitely large compared to the other reservoir. Thus it is beneficial that this is now being replaced by digital (DR) and computed (CR) technology. Under some conditions some of these energy particles could be liberated from the atoms in different forms such as light and heat. In 1916 Einstein published the General Relativity theory which described a more complex relationship between space, mass, energy, motion and gravity. Presently we do have modern models or theories that are much more comprehensive so these theories should be talked about only in a historical sense. This was because the aether was commonly thought to be made of a type of gas that was made of matter. This is why quantum field theory, which was developed in the era after 1970, is not based on Einstein's General Relativity theory, but reverts back to the concept of Einstein's Special Relativity theory. Some of these electrons have more than 1,000 times as much relativistic mass than their normal rest mass.
Even today however, this relative Observer measurement system is the only way we have of measuring events in the universe.
The Absolute measurement system is based on an outside theoretical observer in space measuring at what speed energy travels relative to the space continuum without taking into account the speed of light.
Of course it is even possible to create make belief geometric models with many dimensions mathematically, but why? In actual fact force fields do not behave in any kind of way that would suggest that they are made of particles at all. Surely photons do not have a sense of detecting their absolute velocity, a computer, and a throttle to control their speed through empty space to such an exact standard as the speed of light. If the magnetic force field collapse quickly, wavicles with a fast vibration will be created.
For example it appears that energy wavicles have different characteristics such as being open ended, closed loops, and twisting vibrations. His system was based on relative effects that took place in experiments with light at very low speeds such as in the Michelson-Morley test.
A single energy pulse can travel for years in space without spreading out if it does not come in contact with matter wavicles. It is impossible to tell which direction the deflection will be because of the many unknown and changing events within the wavicle that cannot be measured during an experiment. The cannonball however does not contain some molecules that are only traveling forward and some that are multidirectional.
Theoretically the compression and expansion would not result in any loss of external energy. Obviously this law is not very explicit because it will take several pages of words to describe what the limitations on energy conversion are. In Chemistry it is the internal energy liberated in a reaction that is of primary importance rather than how much external energy could be extracted. To be consistent, these single word energy names were converted into two word names in the plural energy system.
Electrical energy and mechanical energy are listed however because it is often desirable to keep these forms of energy separate. Note that because tags are used extensively in this system, when there is multiplication used in an equation, the multiplication symbol, which is a small centered dot "·" should always be used.
It turns out however that in more complex Physics calculations it is very beneficial to use many different forms of both mass and energy.
It is to differentiate between when we are specifically dealing with relativistic effects and when we are not. It seems odd that the gain in velocity energy of matter compared to its absolute energy at low speeds is only one-half of what it is at high speeds. This does not make them equivalent in my view, however both effects could be considered to be very closely related. Force fields are slightly different than the river because force fields result in an acceleration while the river has a steady velocity. The proper definition of absolute mass then relates to its mass without considering any outside forces acting on it.
All of the inertia and kinetic energy of the collision is turned to the motion of thermal energy in the process.
We already make use of the same physics described here when bouncing communication signals off the plasma present in the upper atmosphere — in a layer known as the ionosphere.
Where photographic films required wet processing facilities, these new technologies do not. When we feel the weight of an apple in our hand we are really feeling the weight of the energy particles in the apple. Light was not made of the third element but was rather a vibration that traveled in the aether fluid. If we have a small canvas which is nearly full, we think that there is little left to paint in.
Now the force carrying gauge particles have a rigid structure of space-time to travel in relation to.
Though it is not known exactly where the space continuum is fixed at, it is possible to estimate it from celestial movements. If the space continuum has very small entities, then energy wavicles and force fields could have a uniform speed by jumping from one entity to another or by traveling in relation to these entities. Such effects cannot necessarily be extrapolated to be uniform for all types of energy wavicles all the way to the speed of light. It is difficult for us to achieve a clear understanding of the nature of a wavicle because this object is very remote from our present experience that relates to material objects.
Quantum Mechanics therefore suggests that microscopic events are based on chance and probabilities. The external energy that was stored was in a system of multidirectional energy but it is called external energy. Expansion energy such as that contained in high pressure air in an automobile tire is also listed because it is an important hybrid form of external energy. Could it be assumed that the tow truck can pull a train up a very steep grade with a total of 10 units of force but only for a very short distance of 10 units? Real photons are created during these collisions, which are equal in energy to each collision as shown later in Fig 17. Such photons have a very limited range in distance that they can cover before they become real photons.
Because it is likely that the earth is traveling very slowly through the space continuum compared to the speed of light, we can closely approximate the absolute mass by using rest mass on earth. This may be due to wavicles having a different Doppler effect when they are traveling in a straight line relative to the space continuum vs traveling in a circular fashion. As the cannonball falls to the floor, some of the rest energy is converted into velocity energy.
Presently it is better to use the 28 names of the standard energy naming system to represent the transfer of many types of energy. If you want to send a radio frequency signal to a location on the Earth’s surface that is over the horizon, scientists have long known it can simply be bounced off the ionosphere. If energy science is taught by mixing up current, old, convenient and competing models along with definitions that are not spelled out, then a lot of confusion can result. In the theory proposed by Isaac Newton around 1676, light as well as all physical objects were made of particles that travel in empty space.
The Theory of Everything can be used to encompass all the different theories as long as they propose to describe the biggest picture possible. Unfortunately his explanations of what space-time really is were often not mentioned in his books.
It turns out that there have been tests done which can determine that the earth is most likely traveling in an absolute space continuum.
Time instead of being fixed to the changing relativistic mass of clocks is based on movements of certain celestial objects in space just as our present time system is. For example in physics and engineering 3-dimensional volume is often separated into three spatial directions of x, y and z for analysis.
This is somewhat similar to how the speed of sound can be constant by traveling in a medium. Not only does the pulse not spread out sideways, the vibration is confined into a small zone as it moves forward. In a cannonball flying through the air, though the molecules may be traveling in all directions, the net direction of all of them is forward. Even so second law analysis is not always part of a standard biology or chemistry course even in university. They bounce off each other in the collision and both momentum and external energy are not converted into internal energy in this process. For example it is more precise to say that helmholtz energy was transferred rather than talking about a heat transfer. Einstein also worked on a Unified field theory, where he hoped to reveal how all forces were really made up of a common entity, but never succeeded. Michelson and Gale first showed this in 1925 when they sent beams of light in opposite directions in a circular path of evacuated pipes. While energy wavicles are vibrating, it appears that force fields are not the result of any sort of vibration. The energy is still moving but rather than traveling in a straight line the energy is circulating within the confines of the matter wavicle similar to the illustration in Fig 7. The wavicles are obeying the law of physics for microscopic wavicles, it is just that scientists do not have equipment that can measure such a tiny individual event. It is difficult to understand how directional energy could be stored in the same wavicles as multidirectional energy. This thinking can be extended to represent the amount of energy in all types of photons and all types of internal energy.
In nuclear reactions photons containing even larger amounts of energy can be created of around 2,000,000°K.
You want the same property in a deflector shield.The students used the ionosphere as the seed for the hypothetical shield described in the paper. Mass does increase as energy travels faster but this is calculated relative to the space continuum. The nucleus energy is the energy contained in energy wavicles that cannot typically be converted into either internal or external energy. This is because all forms of external energy can theoretically be entirely converted into each other so differentiating is not so important. Essentially, if you can wall yourself off with plasma, it can be used to deflect electromagnetic radiation, like a directed energy weapon (a laser or something similar). The maximum speed of light in a single direction is always the speed of light relative to the space continuum.
It is not known whether all force fields are the result of one basic type of interaction or if there are four or even more individual interactions that exist. For example it does not seem possible under normal circumstances to convert any of the energy contained in neutrons or protons into thermal energy or electric energy other than a small amount of nuclear energy. In fact under normal circumstances none of the thermal energy could be converted into nuclear energy.
The design of this s-style shield relies on high-power magnets, which would be used to contain a wall of plasma around the vessel. In 1801 Thomas Young produced an interference pattern with light and pronounced light was a wave traveling in a material aether, so most scientists again changed their views.
Even thought force fields do not contain energy wavicles, they do contain a certain amount of energy.
This does not occur because the energy wavicles do not change direction until acted on by some outside force. To avoid confusion we can use terms such as thermal temperature and chemical temperature to avoid confusion.
This is because energy does not flow naturally from a low temperature to a higher temperature.
Now if we considered all the interactions between external energy to internal energy, the Doppler effects of all four forces, and the possible changes between the 23 forms of energy, it would be enough to make one's head swim. Scientists believed the aether not only provided a medium for light waves to travel in but also did the job of controlling the speed of light just as the properties of air control the speed of sound traveling through it. The direction of the microscopic energy flow is caused by the way photons are emitted as will be shown in Chapter 19, 20. Even so, we haven't even considered energy wavicles changing from one form to another, black holes, and antimatter. Even though the energy wavicles are moving in all directions, the wavicles energy and direction is still perfectly accounted for in the process.
Although, there are some drawbacks that make it impractical without crazy, futuristic technology. It is often thought that the speed of light will always be measured as being constant relative to an observer.
This magnetic field can in turn produce a flow of electrons in another wire some distance away.
If there is a mean direction in the sum of all the multidirectional energy, this will be conserved.
The first roadblock in implementing a plasma-based deflector shield is that a magnet powerful enough to hold a bubble of super-hot plasma in place around your craft would be gigantic and consume a huge amount of power. Some measurements of the speed of light will show that its speed is always constant relative to the observer and other types of tests will show it is not at all. In reality, tests and careful analysis will show that the speed of light must be constant relative to an absolute space continuum only.
If we are traveling relative to this space continuum however, our measuring instruments will be skewed in different ways depending on how the tests are done.



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Comments to “Electromagnetic force field generator”

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  2. EKULYA writes:
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