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Experts agree that an all out cyber attack, beginning with an EMP (electromagnetic pulse) attack on our electronic infrastructure, would wipe out 90% of the human population of this country within two years of the attack. In 2009 the congressional Commission on the Strategic Posture of the United States, whose co-chairmen were former Secretaries of Defense William Perry and James Schlesinger, concurred with the findings of the EMP Commission and urged immediate action to protect the electric grid.
The Pentagon is moving the headquarters for the North American Aerospace Defense Command (Norad) back into Cheyenne Mountain near Colorado Springs, Colo., a decade after having largely vacated the site.
An EMP strike, most likely from the detonation of a nuclear weapon in space, would destroy unprotected military and civilian electronics nationwide, blacking out the electric grid and other critical infrastructure for months or years. For years, scientists have been attempting to create such a weapon as part of Champ, or the Counter-electronics High-powered microwave Advanced Missile Project. Now, the US Air Force claims it has advanced the technology, and says it can deploy it using the stealthy Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile-Extended Range (JASSM).
The possibility of man-made EMP events has grown in tandem with the technological sophistication of America’s adversaries. Many are particularly concerned about what Iran has been doing.  In a piece for an Israeli news source, author Dr. Iranian military documents describe such a scenario–including a recently translated Iranian military textbook that endorses nuclear EMP attack against the United States.
Thus, Iran with a small number of nuclear missiles can by EMP attack threaten the existence of modernity and be the death knell for Western principles of international law, humanism and freedom.  For the first time in history, a failed state like Iran could destroy the most successful societies on Earth and convert an evolving benign world order into world chaos.
And even if we are never attacked by an EMP weapon, scientists tell us that it is inevitable that a massive solar storm will produce a similar result someday anyway.  Back in 1859, a massive solar storm that came to be known as “the Carrington Event” fried telegraph machines all over Europe and North America.
NASA is warning that there’s a 12 percent chance an extreme solar storm will hit Earth in the next decade, sending out massive shock waves that would knock out grids across the world. The economic impact of this doomsday scenario could exceed $2 trillion — or 20 times the cost of Hurricane Katrina, according to the National Academy of Sciences. I don’t know why more people aren’t concerned about this.  There are things that the federal government could do to harden our electrical grid, but they aren’t doing them.
Most people have absolutely no idea that the Earth barely missed being fried by a massive EMP burst from the sun in 2012 and in 2013. It amazes me that such a small percentage of the population is taking this threat seriously. An electromagnetic pulse could bring down our entire society in a single moment at any time, and all of the experts assure us that it will happen someday. But our politicians are just sitting on their hands and most Americans mock the idea that we need to be concerned about this. Last month in a speech to his air force commanders, Iran's supreme leader, Ayatollah Khamenei, boasted of Tehran's achievement in enriching uranium to the 20% level.
A BBC transcript of his speech showed that twice the assembled air force commanders chanted, "Death to America." Is there something about this that President Obama does not understand?
This is the same ayatollah, Obama assured us in his speech to the Iranian people five years after he ignored and failed to hear cries during the 2009 Green Revolution, who had issued a fatwa against the development of nuclear weapons.
Iran's true intentions were documented by a column by Peter Vincent Pry, executive director of the Task Force on National and Homeland Security, a congressional advisory board. Written for Israeli news outlet Arutz Sheva just prior to Israel's recent elections, Pry's column revealed the threat found in a translation of an Iranian military handbook of an Iranian electromagnetic pulse (EMP) attack on the U.S.
The Associated Press recently reported that under the best-case scenario, a nuclear deal with Iran would leave as many as 6,000 centrifuges whirring away toward the goal of building an Iranian atomic weapon.
Iran, as Pry notes, also wants to wipe America off the face of the Earth, or at least remove it from the 21st century. Most Americans—whether members of the public or politicians in Congress—ignore or are unaware of the very real threat of an electromagnetic pulse (EMP) attack. An electromagnetic pulse (EMP) attack represents one of the greatest threats imaginable—to the United States and the world.
All past calamities of the modern era would pale in comparison to the catastrophe caused by a successful high-altitude EMP strike. In the end, however, even with farsighted mitigation measures there is little question that a nationwide EMP attack would be crippling.
The direct effects are due to electromagnetic “shocking” of electronics and the stressing of electrical systems. An electromagnetic pulse consists of three components: E1 is a free-field energy pulse that occurs in a fraction of a second. E2 covers essentially the same area as E1 but is more geographically widespread and has lower amplitude than E1.
The timing of the three components is an important part of the equation in relation to the damage that EMP generates. For the past decade, the Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse Attack, chaired by Dr. The Graham commission’s bottom line is that an EMP attack will put an end to the functioning of the U.S. The multiple components of EMP are each highly damaging in their own right and combined have the potential to inflict catastrophic damage to the major infrastructures throughout the United States. Although the altitude necessary for an effective nuclear-based EMP minimizes the likely damage from the nuclear thermal blast and radiation, large numbers of casualties would most likely occur from the sheer loss of power. One crucial commonality is the widespread use of automated monitoring and control systems, which the Graham commission has labeled the “ubiquitous robots of the modern age known as Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems.” These SCADA systems, along with Digital Control Systems (DCS) and Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC) have penetrated into every critical area of the nation’s CIKR. There were many of explanations for the sudden violence in the aftermath of the blackout, with justifications ranging from racial animosities to culture, even to weather, but the simple fact is that during disaster, “‘under stress’ or ‘exceptional circumstances,’ the poor saw ‘no reason to play by the rules.’”[16] This astounding amount of violence occurred in the course of a single day.
The August 2003 Northeast blackout that affected Ohio, New York, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Michigan, and parts of Canada—though marked by less social disorder—also demonstrated the potential effects of a wide-area EMP attack. The vast amounts of electronic and telecommunications systems supporting the financial industry have never been hardened against an EMP attack despite physical attacks posing one of the largest threats to operations.
The banking and finance sector relies on one of the most advanced information-technology systems to transfer millions of transactions daily, and depends on the telecommunications networks to maintain critical voice and data transfers.
The effects of EMP will immediately disable a portion of the 130 million cars and some 90 million trucks.
Mayor Ray Nagin ordered the evacuation of the city too late to effectively mobilize those who did not have access to cars, and instead allowed 10,000 people to stay in the Superdome in order to ride out the hurricane. One day after the hurricane struck, flooding in neighborhoods developed into a massive outpouring that destroyed much of the city. By Tuesday, September 6, more than a week after the landfall of Katrina, 10,000 people remained to be rescued from the city.[29] Moreover, much of the city was destroyed and order had not been restored.
The failure of transportation in New Orleans exhausted emergency generators for use by cell phone towers, hospitals, and police forces because fuel could not be delivered.[31] Electrical failure resulted in widespread looting and the spoilage of food supplies throughout the city.
In the aftermath of an EMP strike, the delivery of aid and restoration of order within the first week of catastrophe will be crucial in order to prevent the permanent collapse of the nation’s cities. A key factor in regard to communications in relation to EMP attack and other disaster situations for that matter is that the times when these assets are most needed for emergency services and recovery efforts is also when they are barraged with extra demand. Telecommunications in America consists of four overlapping vital systems that allow the modern economy to function: wireline, wireless, satellite, and radio. The recent transition from copper line to fiber optic cable as the backbone of the wireline infrastructure has given this industry significant protection from EMP shock.
The recent earthquake in Haiti can serve as a model for EMP catastrophe in the United States if the attack destroys a significant portion of the electrical, transportation, and communications infrastructure. Even with heavy foreign involvement, the Haitian government is struggling to maintain its authority. The most critical capacity provided by government in the face of disaster is legitimacy, providing the reassurance that government is functioning. The pieces on the internet about a possible electromagnetic pulse attack read like science fiction.
The attack would be a nuclear missile that exploded not on a city but in the atmosphere above the USA.
A 2004 Congressional Study projected a stunning 90% fatality rate from such an attack… it would cause an almost immediate shortage of potable water, food and medical supplies, and eventually lead to a economic and societal collapse.
Life after an EMP attack “would probably be something that you might imagine life to be like around the late 1800s but with several times the population we had in those days, and without the ability of the country to support and sustain all those people,” Graham says.
Yet life would be far more primitive than even that because in the 1800s, Americans had food from their own farms and police who rode on horseback. In order to have the best chance of causing the type of immediate and certain EMP damage to the United States on a continent-wide scale, as discussed in many media reports, a nuclear weapon (probably in the megaton range) would need to be detonated well above 30 kilometers somewhere over the American Midwest. To harden those transformers against an attack would cost a mere $200 million to $400 million, Pry says. Another thing that worries me is that this scenario is what the most consistent environmentalists want: a decimation of population. The thing I find hardest to believe in all these scenarios is that it would take a year to get America electrified again. But if it took even a month to restore energy, tens of millions could die, and the world would never be the same again. I think the lesson here is that the sun is rapidly setting on the idea that we can simply leave hostile states (and groups) alone.
This certainly makes me an advocate of mini~ and micro~nuclear power stations, and of proper shielding techniques. That is, the necessary stimulus to make them act lies beyond an event horizon of sorts, comparable to someone who starts considering a CCW only when they’re dying in the gutter, having been shot by a mugger. Depending on how true this is and how it translates to the actual effects of a detonation, it could mean that even the most easily designed, constructed and acquired weapon types would be capable of causing cataclysmic destruction. And that $20 billion would probably result in work that creates more actual jobs than the $800 billion did. EMP can damage electronics in the vicinity of a nuclear blast, but deaths are purely blast related.
What EMP does is create a strong ElectroMagnetic Pulse that induces an electric voltage in electrical circuits that have long wires in them (inches). One of the tech ideas I had in a sci-fi novel I was writing in my twenties was the idea of directional EMP, which could selectively fry the electronics in particular targets. At worst, EMP and allied tactics could make hash of communications for a while and fry some electronics, but not much more than that. If EMP depends on long conductors to be effective, then I would guess the power grid is vulnerable. 1.) the power grid is somewhat vulnerable because of long lines, but I suspect too hard to put enough energy on a power line. If they built those microwave devices after 1989, I anticipated them Also, mine were satellite-based rather than vehicle-based for portable.
My favorite psyops conspiracy theory remains: when the government wants to steer mainstream attention away from something, create a conspiracy theory about it, complete with manufactured crazies, until genuine ones take over. One of the reasons anti-ballistic missiles were abandoned in the 1970’s was that they used nuclear weapons to knock out ICBMs. Security Logs of Hillary Clinton’s Email Server Are Said to Show No Evidence of Hacking: said by the former aide who just provided them to the FBI. Political correctness devours yet another college, fighting over mini-sombreros: this is how free speech dies. Triumph the Insult Dog Visits College to Invade Students’ Safe Spaces: vulgar, as expected. Tell the truth about benefit claimants and the left shuts you down: the preening about loving science is a ruse. A nuclear EMP is a very real threat, given what we know about the Iranian and North Korean nuclear weapons and ballistic missile programs. Devices capable of subjecting transformers and other critical infrastructure to localized, but destructive, levels of EMP can be built from readily available equipment. The April 2013 attack on an electrical substation near San Jose, California demonstrates both the vulnerability of our physical grid infrastructure as well as the fact that terrorists also have been thinking about multiple ways to attack us.
In fact, we know that in 1859, a massive solar flare that came to be known as the “Carrington Event” (after the astronomer who explained what happened) struck the earth and generated fires in telegraph offices as well as extraordinary northern lights displays. Because everything in modern life now requires electric power, the 1859 event was nowhere near as catastrophic as the same kind severe geomagnetic storm would be today.
About UsThe Secure the Grid Coalition is an ad hoc group of policy, energy, and national security experts, legislators, and industry insiders who are dedicated to strengthening America’s electrical grid. About the Secure the Grid CoalitionThe Secure the Grid Coalition is an ad hoc group of policy, energy, and national security experts, legislators, and industry insiders who are dedicated to strengthening the resiliency of America’s electrical grid.
Technokontrol has designed via its R&D programme our unique Anti-EMPS technologies which can work in many different sectors for the protection and safety of the military, national security, strategic infrastructures and law enforcement sectors including strategic databases, cyber warfare and information technology bases including satellites, telecommunications, radars,financial services, government databanks and military installations.
Once the EMPS Bomb has been activated which could also include in any mode of transport for example and especially fuel transports systems whom rely on GPS,GMS,satellite technologies as rail, shipping, aircraft and even trucking causing accidents, explosions and full technical failures. Not only would the EMPS Attack deterrent would be effective but it will be required as mandatory by all selected nations to create a balance of powers and not allowing this technology to fall into the wrong hands thus having technologies or safety products as manufactured by Technokontrol to protect and to hinder any type of attack from anywhere or anyone for whatever reason.
The great savings from financial, logistical,military,social,geo-political using these technologies are extremely important and must be considered as another great positive point towards the production of these EMPS technologies and also the safety-security technologies to protect one owns nation, society, family,etc.
We should consider this technology as such as an important military deterrent as the nuclear aramament which has now been effective for more than seven decades and this could be the new long term safer but more strategic deterrent but will be harder to control as too much data and operational units have been shown as effective from private manufacturers without taking into account all the military technological and financial investment also during the last decades into this technology and even more extreme armament as lazers, etc. This present day cyber war can be understood by how the Iranians have suffered months or even years of continuous delays in their nuclear power program having introduced accidentally by purchasing corrupt technology or deliberately downloading internally viral software by anti-Iranian operatives into their operational technological operations industrial software programs which will never be recognized by any foreign military or nation but it?s obvious that cyber warfare  is active and increasing daily from internet fraud, to internet hackers to all types of terrorists.
Top secret and highly classified sensitive military documents as the technical plans of the new generation USA nuclear submarines are just one example how cyber warfare has been effective by the enemy as these plans were stolen from the USA government by means of cyber attacks. We must state that even though the norm for these types of EMPS can also be created by the solar heat, solar flares, solar radiation, etc. Even in most related data to solar radiation may be very precise no one can really predict anything 100% when we can?t even forecast the weather in the next three to five days, how can us humans predict a solar flare or radiation sometime in the near future or ever.
The Earth's magnetic field quickly deflects the electrons at right angles to the geomagnetic field, and the extent of the deflection depends upon the strength of the magnetic field.
This interaction of the very rapidly-moving negatively-charged electrons with the magnetic field radiates a pulse of electromagnetic energy.
There are a number of secondary collisions which cause the subsequent electrons to lose energy before they reach ground level. These 2 MeV gamma rays will normally produce an EMP1 pulse near ground level at moderately high latitudes that peaks at about 50,000 volts per metre. The process of the gamma rays knocking electrons out of the atoms in the mid-stratosphere causes this region of the atmosphere to become an electrical conductor due to ionization, a process which blocks the production of further electromagnetic signals and causes the field strength to saturate at about 50,000 volts per metre.
The EMP2 component is generated by scattered gamma rays and inelastic gammas produced by weapon neutrons. According to the United States EMP Commission, the main potential problem with the EMP2 component is the fact that it immediately follows the EMP1 component, which may have damaged the devices that would normally protect against EMP2. According to the EMP Commission Executive Report of 2004, "In general, it would not be an issue for critical infrastructure systems since they have existing protective measures for defence against occasional lightning strikes.
There are at present proof of small EMPS attack weapons which emit short, high-energy pulses reaching 10 gigawatts, which could destroy complex electronics systems. Any type of EMPS attack from a thermonuclear warhead to a solar flare would cause ionospheric radiation and electronic effects to any national or international region, territory or nations. There are mainly two types of non-nuclear EMP (NNEMP) and one main nuclear High Altitude HEMP devices which have been developed since the Vietnam War mainly. The efficient execution of an Information Warfare campaign against a modern industrial or post-industrial opponent will require the use of specialized tools designed to destroy information systems.
A Radio Frequency Weapon is one that uses intense pulses of RF energy to destroy or degrade the electronics in a target. The high temperatures and energetic radiation produced by nuclear explosions also produce large amounts of ionized (electrically charged) matter which is present immediately after the explosion. The formation EMP begins with the very intense, but very short burst of gamma rays caused by the nuclear reactions in the bomb.
In low altitude explosions the electrons, being very light, move much more quickly than the ionized atoms they are removed from and diffuse away from the region where they are formed.
This creates a very strong vertical electric current which generates intense electro-magnetic emissions over a wide frequency range (up to 100 MHZ) that emanate mostly horizontally. A separate effect is the ability of the ionized fireball to block radio and radar signals. The central idea behind the construction of FCGs is that of using a fast explosive to rapidly compress a magnetic field, transferring much energy from the explosive into the magnetic field. The coaxial arrangement is of particular interest in this context, as its essentially cylindrical form factor lends itself to packaging into munitions. The fundamental principle behind the design of MHD devices is that a conductor moving through a magnetic field will produce an electrical current transverse to the direction of the field and the conductor motion. The fundamental idea behind the Vircator is that of accelerating a high current electron beam against a mesh (or foil) anode. The major problem area in determining lethality is that of coupling efficiency, which is a measure of how much power is transferred from the field produced by the weapon into the target. Front door coupling occurs typically when power from an electro-magnetic weapon is coupled into an antenna associated with radar or communications equipment. Back Door Coupling occurs when the electro-magnetic field from a weapon produces large transient currents or electrical standing waves (when produced by a HPM weapon) on fixed electrical wiring and cables interconnecting equipment, or providing connections to mains power or the telephone network.
A low frequency bomb built around an FCG will require a large antenna to provide good coupling of power from the weapon into the surrounding environment. Microwave bombs have a broader range of coupling modes and given the small wavelength in comparison with bomb dimensions, can be readily focussed against targets with a compact antenna assembly. Mobile or hidden targets which do not overtly radiate may present a problem, particularly should conventional means of targeting be employed. Whilst the demodulation of UE can be a technically difficult task to perform well, in the context of targeting electro-magnetic bombs this problem does not arise.
Because UE occurs at relatively low power levels, the use of this detection method prior to the outbreak of hostilities can be difficult, as it may be necessary to over-fly hostile territory to find signals of usable intensity.
Technokontrol Anti-EMPS Defence against EMPS-bombs and EMPS personal carried device attacks. The most effective defence against electro-magnetic bombs is to prevent their delivery by destroying the launch platform or delivery vehicle, as is the case with nuclear weapons.
The most effective method is to wholly contain the equipment in an electrically conductive enclosure; Technokontrol has developed the Anti-EMPS Protection Panels for such protection systems termed a Faraday cages or TK-EMPS Panel Protected Bunker-Buildings, which prevents the electro-magnetic field from gaining access to the protected equipment. Where an electrically conductive channel must enter the enclosure, electro-magnetic arresting devices must be fitted. Intermittent faults may not be possible to repair economically, thereby causing equipment in this state to be removed from service permanently, with considerable loss in maintenance hours during damage diagnosis.
Electromagnetic damage to any single element of a complex system could inhibit the function of the whole system. Other than hardening against attack, facilities which are concealed should not radiate readily detectable emissions.
Complex and expensive experimental efforts are more timely and cost-effective if they are tested by theoretical and computational modelling. Electro-magnetic bombs are Weapons of Electronical Mass Destruction with applications across a broad spectrum of targets, spanning both the strategic and tactical. The EMP Commission, in 2008, estimated that within 12 months of a nationwide blackout, up to 90% of the U.S. Studies by the National Academy of Sciences, the Department of Energy, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission and the National Intelligence Council reached similar conclusions.
Because the enormous bunker in the hollowed-out mountain, built to survive a Cold War-era nuclear conflict, can also resist an electromagnetic-pulse attack, or EMP.
It is widely known that both Russia and China already have this capability, and both countries have carried out serious work relating to the generation of EMP in recent years as part of their respective military modernization programs.

Iran, for example, is known to have simulated a nuclear EMP attack several years ago using short-range missiles launched from a freighter. And earlier in 2014 there was another huge solar storm which would have caused tremendous damage if it had been directed at our planet. This is in a country awash in fossil fuel that doesn't need nuclear energy but does desire a nuclear bomb to wipe Israel off the face of the Earth.
A nuclear device detonated high in the atmosphere above the American mainland can easily disable the country’s electrical grid—shutting down nearly all communications, transportation, and service systems. An EMP occurs when a nuclear device is detonated high in the atmosphere—a phenomenon of which America’s enemies are well aware.
Still, recent disasters do offer insights into how to mitigate and respond to some aspects of this threat. EMP is a high-intensity burst of electromagnetic energy caused by the rapid acceleration of charged particles. Indirect effects include the cascading damage that occurs because of these shocked, damaged, and destroyed electronics and electronic systems that are embedded in critical infrastructure. The generated “electromagnetic shock” then damages, disrupts, and destroys electronics and electronic systems in a near simultaneous time frame over a very large area. It disrupts long electricity transmission lines and subsequently causes damage to the electrical supply and distribution systems connected to these lines.
Moreover, the sequential and nearly simultaneous delivery of E1, E2, and E3 pose a complicated threat that could destroy much of the electrical infrastructure and other critical services under current conditions. Airplanes would literally fall from the sky, cars and trucks would stop working, and water, sewer, and electrical networks would fail.
While these systems provide increased operational benefits and agility, they also increase vulnerability to an EMP attack. On July 13, 1977, two lighting strikes caused overloading in the electric power substations of the Con Edison power company. The police were outmatched and had no chance of stopping such massive theft, largely having no choice but to stand by watching the looters from a distance.
After an EMP attack, cities will likely lose power for weeks and months, and the National Guard cannot occupy every major city, assuming it is able to mobilize at all. During that incident, more than 200 power plants, including several nuclear plants, were shut down as a result of the electricity cutoff.
During the 1977 and 2003 blackouts, some communications systems remained intact, while motor vehicles and aircraft were not directly affected and rapidly resumed operation after the electrical system recovered a few days later. If these systems were damaged, consumers would be forced to operate a cash economy, or, since cash withdrawals would be impossible without financial records, a barter economy.
Disruptions of these networks could result not only in disruptions of operations, but also a loss of confidence by the public in the national economy.[19] While the banking infrastructure was designed robustly against a wide range of threats, it was not designed to withstand a complete communications shutdown.
Since millions of vehicles are on the road at any given time, there will be accidents and congestion that will impede movement, particularly in large metropolitan areas. Katrina is currently the best model for an EMP attack, since the hurricane and subsequent flooding disabled and demolished the power and transportation infrastructure. The metro area lost power.[28] Katrina turned into a situation in which the resources of military, FEMA, and police forces had been devoted to a failed effort to restore order throughout the city while those displaced and in need of aid languished.
Katrina exposed many flaws in the national capacity to respond to a catastrophic event, and poor advance planning made an effective response nearly impossible.
This partial knockout of both power and transportation created a catastrophe of unprecedented proportions and threatened to destroy one of America’s major cities.
The delivery of aid in a chaotic post-strike environment will be impossible without robust pre-disaster planning that integrates federal, state, local, private-sector, non-governmental organizations, and international support. The EMP commission considers fiber optic cable “highly survivable” and has focused instead on the transmission infrastructure as the source for potential vulnerability to EMP threat.[35] The wireline communications sector is housed in windowless concrete buildings containing significant protective mechanisms. This earthquake destroyed much of the country, and nearly caused the collapse of leadership within the state.
This capability is impossible without the ability to communicate both within the country and with nations providing external support. As Americans have never experienced nationwide disaster, they are completely unprepared for a catastrophe on the scale of an EMP attack.
Regardless of the mitigation and response measures, a massive EMP impact could have a devastating impact on the United States. It would cause an electromagnetic pulse that knocked out everything electronic, with micro chips being also vulnerable, in the line of sight of the explosion.
Should such an attack destroy an unprepared America, history will be less kind to Obama, Bush and Clinton than it is to Hoover.
Could those radical environmentalists be in positions of power, capable of stopping defensive measures with bureaucratic red tape?
They and North Korea have already been testing methods of placing missiles aboard big box cargo transport ships such that we wouldn’t even be able to tell who did it. The tragic thing is that it will take a catastrophic attack to convince the pragmatists that there is anything to worry about. Hence, small pure fission weapons with thin cases are far more efficient at causing EMP than most megaton bombs. Nothing would delight me more than for our enemies to put their resources into a weapon that doesn’t work. Of course, cargo ships and conventional nuclear attacks are still plenty of reason not to tolerate certain enemies’ continued existence. In a more rational political environment, this would have killed his presidential campaign.
Given the leftist leanings of the company and its assembled Council of Goodspeech, I suspect that some groups will get a pass and some will face suppression. Both countries have demonstrated advanced capabilities to create a functioning nuclear warhead as well as to build and test the ballistic missiles that might be used as delivery vehicles for such weapons. While the damage would not be anywhere near as devastating or widespread as a nuclear EMP device might cause, the ease of acquiring and assembling parts obtainable from a local electronics shop means that terrorists have a relatively easy way to cause significant damage to local communities.
Assailants who were never apprehended attacked the Pacific Gas and Electric Metcalf substation with automatic rifle fire on the night of 16 April 2013. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) reports that cyber attacks on the electric grid system are increasing in both frequency and sophistication. Were such a solar storm to strike the earth today, the damage would be in the trillions of dollars, but worse yet, societies all over the world would be devastated. The Coalition aims to raise awareness to the national and international threat of EMP as well as pass legislation to strengthen the grid.
The Coalition aims to raise awareness about the national and international threat of grid vulnerability, and encourage the steps needed to neutralize it. Thus causing the downfall of the nations society, commerce, industry,government and all types of institutions as we understand it in today?s world.
These new types of technological warfare won?t stop terrorism or sabotage attacks against important national infrastructures as pipelines, refineries, factories, jumbo tanks, rail freight transports, police stations, military bases,etc.
Thus being paramount that as many as possible basic infrastructures operations centres must be protected at all costs in the event of the worst possible scenarios, especially power grids, water resources, telecommunications centres, civil protection, armed forces, government institutions,strategic fuel deposits, fuel delivery services and most importantly food and medical services to the general population.
The contra-effect is then the use of IED?s to continue a never ending battle of will but the pyscological drama of all parties doesn?t stop once back home but only begins with the traumatic psychological battlefield stresses of all parties and for the rest of their lives, especially worse for the modern nations where living standards and human lives are more valuable socially.
Who would of thought of modern warefare as todays cyber wars during the 1970?s Vietnam war? However, this type of war can be done from a basement in New York to a specialist underground military bunker in Asia. We must then also take into consideration that even though we have prepared our Technokontrol Anti-EMPS Technology for a direct military, criminal or terrorist attack, we also must consider also natural disasters which may also occur at any time without any real firm precision even though scientific studies state that during 2014-2015 the sun solar activity will be at its highest in many years and we have already suffered in some parts of the world these effects as in Ottawa, Canada and in Australia where the solar radiation brought down many electronic base services. The EMP1 component is a very brief but intense electromagnetic field that can quickly induce very high voltages in electrical conductors.
The electrons generated by these subsequent collisions have such reduced energy that they do not contribute significantly to the EMP1 pulse.
The strength of the EMP1 pulse depends upon the number and intensity of the gamma rays produced by the weapon and upon the rapidity of the gamma ray burst from the weapon. The reality and possible construction details of these weapons are classified, and therefore cannot be confirmed by scientists in the open scientific literature. The most significant risk is synergistic, because the EMP2 component follows a small fraction of a second after the first component's insult, which has the ability to impair or destroy many protective and control features.
The EMP3 component of the pulse is a very slow pulse, lasting tens to hundreds of seconds, that is caused by the nuclear detonation heaving the Earth's magnetic field out of the way, followed by the restoration of the magnetic field to its natural place. This EMPS bomb attacks systems can now already presently take out electronic systems of nuclear or electric power plants, banks, trains, or even a simple telephone switchboard. One uses conventional explosives to induce the EMP; another uses a single-use, high-power microwave generation device.
It destroys the electronics of all computer and communication systems in a quite large area.
High Power Electro-magnetic Pulse generation techniques and High Power Microwave technology have matured to the point where practical electro-magnetic bombs are becoming technically feasible, with new applications in both Strategic and Tactical IW (Information Warfare). Under the right conditions, intense currents and electro-magnetic fields can be produced, generically called EMP (Electro-magnetic Pulse), that are felt at long distances. At the same time, the earth acts as a conductor allowing the electrons to flow back toward the burst point where the positive ions are concentrated.
About 3x10^-5 of the bomb's total energy goes into EMP in this case, 10^11 joules for a 1 Mt bomb.
Enormous induced electric currents are generated in wires, antennas, and metal objects (like missiles, airplanes, and building frames). The initial magnetic field in the FCG prior to explosive initiation is produced by a start current.
In principle, any device capable of producing a pulse of electrical current of the order of tens of kilo Amperes to Mega Amperes will be suitable. In an explosive or propellant driven MHD device, the conductor is a plasma of ionized explosive or propellant gas, which travels through the magnetic field.
Many electrons will pass through the anode, forming a bubble of space charge behind the anode.
Whilst weapons built this way are inherently wide band, as most of the power produced lies in the frequency band below 1 MHz compact antennas are not an option. Firstly, the glide-bomb can be released from outside effective radius of target air defences, therefore minimizing the risk to the launch aircraft.
Mobile and relocatable air defence equipment, mobile communications nodes and naval vessels are all good examples of this category of target. To target such an emitter for attack requires only the ability to identify the type of emission and thus target type, and to isolate its position with sufficient accuracy to deliver the bomb. The use of stealthy reconnaissance aircraft or long range, stealthy Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) may be required.
This however may not always be possible, and therefore systems which can be expected to suffer exposure to the electro-magnetic weapons effects must be electro-magnetically hardened. However, most such equipment must communicate with and be fed with power from the outside world, and this can provide entry points via which electrical transients may enter the enclosure and effect damage. A range of devices exist, however care must be taken in determining their parameters to ensure that they can deal with the rise time and strength of electrical transients produced by electro-magnetic devices.
This factor must also be considered when assessing the hardness of equipment against electro-magnetic attack, as partial or incomplete hardening may in this fashion cause more difficulties than it would solve. Such computations are made tractable by viewing the device as a system consisting of a pulsed power source, microwave source, and an antenna. As such their use offers a very high payoff in attacking the fundamental information processing and communication facilities of a target system. America’s military planners recognize the growing threat from an EMP attack by bad actors around the world, in particular North Korea and Iran.
North Korea, meanwhile, has acquired the blueprints to build an EMP warhead, and in July of 2013, a North Korean freighter made it all the way to the Gulf of Mexico with two nuclear capable missiles in its hold. If any of those storms would have directly hit us, the result would have been catastrophic. The electromagnetic discharge can permanently disable the electrical systems that run nearly all civilian and military infrastructures.
Major urban blackouts, Hurricane Katrina, and the recent earthquake in Haiti illuminate the most daunting challenges.
Faraday cage protection and other mechanisms designed to defend against lighting strikes will not withstand this assault.
In general, it would not be a critical threat to infrastructure, since most systems have built-in protection against occasional lightning strikes. This E3 element of EMP is not a freely propagating wave, but is a result of the electromagnetic distortion in the earth’s atmosphere. The combination of the three components can cause irreversible damage to many electronic systems. The United States has seen the rapid growth in its dependence on electronics, telecommunications, and information technology. Food would rot, medical services would collapse, and transportation would become almost non-existent.
The largest vulnerability in the country’s electrical grid is the power-transmission infrastructure, which will suffer significant damage under an EMP attack and is extremely difficult to repair. The equipment used in the transmission grid is costly, specially produced, and has to be ordered from overseas before replacement in the U.S.
These lighting strikes, the equivalent of a minuscule fraction of E2, caused the Indian Point power plant north of the city to fail, as well as the subsequent failure of the Long Island interconnection—a regional, or larger, synchronized-frequency grid.
In North Brooklyn, a community of more than a million residents, only 189 police officers were on duty.[14] The New York Police Department was completely overwhelmed in its efforts to preserve order. The historical evidence from the 1977 New York blackout bodes poorly for the prospect of maintaining order and the rule of law without electricity. Loss of water pressure led the local authorities to advise affected communities to boil water before drinking it due to contamination from the failure of sewage systems and other health threats. After an EMP attack, however, the damage to power lines, SCADA control systems, and commercial computers would likely be permanent due to fused power lines and lost data, which would necessitate replacing the entire electric system in the affected area.
The August 2003 Northeast blackout is considered a successful test of post–September 11 safeguards, but it happened under ideal conditions for the financial market. The backup power generators and battery backup systems, while allowing for an organized shutdown of the electronic systems, were not designed to last for the amount of time that will likely be required to restore power. Though passenger rail is only lightly developed in this country, America depends heavily on rail for transportation of fuel, food, and unfinished products.
New airline designs, such as the Boeing 777, may fail in flight due to the lack of a direct mechanical or hydraulic link for safety procedures.[24] Airline control towers as well will suffer significant damage, and likely will ground the aviation industry for a significant time. Similar to an EMP attack, a large proportion of the population was not able to leave the disaster zone where power and transportation infrastructures had been completely destroyed. In total, about a fifth of the city was unable to escape before the effects of the hurricane hit the city. FEMA was prepared to respond to a normal disaster, but had not prepared for something as overpowering as Katrina.
Federal, state, and local governments failed to adequately respond to Katrina during the first week of disaster; this lenience will not be possible with EMP, since the entire country’s, not just a city’s, disaster-response capacity may collapse. The overlapping functions within this infrastructure allow the system to operate if one aspect of it has been completely wiped out. For these reasons, wireline communications are considered the most secure against EMP, but that does not mean wireline communications are safe. Not only may GPS and other satellite-dependent devices be damaged by EMP, but the satellites themselves may be affected. Between 100,000 and 230,000 died as a result of the earthquake.[39] It seems that 50 percent to 70 percent of the buildings in Port-au-Prince have collapsed, destroying nearly 250,000 homes and 30,000 businesses.
Certainly the entire world order would change as every country that had been restrained by the threat of American power made its move. Only the United States, United Kingdom, France, Russia and China possess both the mature warhead design and intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) capability to conduct such an attack from their own territory, and these same countries have possessed that capability for decades. I wouldn’t rely on MAD with a country that is willing to sacrifice hundreds of millions of its people to defeat America.
Heck, the Russians could launch an attack like this in that way and blame it on either of the former, laughing all the way. I thought the same thing back in the early ’80s when I heard the Soviets were working on paranormal weaponry such as telekinesis and ESP. Firing more than 100 shots altogether, they knocked out 17 transformers and, even though electric officials were able to avert a blackout, the damage took 27 days to repair.
Such attacks come from a variety of different sources, including nation states and sub-national terrorist organizations. It is only a matter of time before one of those flares hits the earth straight on with exactly the same EMP-type of effect as if it were a nuclear bomb.
In fact, eleven different studies conducted or sponsored by the federal government over the past decade have concluded the same thing: unless steps are taken – and soon – to secure our electric grid, we risk catastrophic consequences which include horrific loss of life, widespread destruction of property, and complete societal breakdown. This will only increase the spectrum of terror or piracy armament portfolio against normal stable nations, governments or corporations for whatever reason, from economical blackmail to political power control, simple eco-politcial-terrorism or to pure international criminal activities.
The EMP1 component causes most of its damage by causing electrical breakdown voltages to be exceeded. The magnitude of this pulse typically decays to half of its peak value within 200 nanoseconds. The strength of the EMP1 pulse is also somewhat dependent upon the altitude of the detonation.
The EMP2 component of the pulse has many similarities to the electromagnetic pulses produced by lightning, although the electromagnetic pulse induced by a nearby lightning strike may be considerably larger than the EMP2 component of a nuclear EMP. The energy associated with the second component thus may be allowed to pass into and damage systems. The EMP3 component has similarities to a geomagnetic storm caused by a very severe solar flare.[Like a geomagnetic storm, EMP3 can produce geo-magnetically induced currents in long electrical conductors, which can then damage components such as power line transformers.
The EMP bomb can be smaller than a HERF gun to cause a similar amount of damage and is typically used to damage not a single target (not aiming in one direction) but to damage all equipment near the bomb. They are categorized as High Power Microwave Weapons (HPM) and Ultra Wide Band Weapon (UWB).
Living organisms are impervious to these effects, but electrical and electronic equipment can be temporarily or permanently disabled by them. This is because EMP is generated by the asymmetric absorption of instantaneous gamma rays produced by the explosion. The gamma rays emitted downward however are absorbed by the ground which prevents charge separation from occurring. EMP is formed in high altitude explosions when the downwardly directed gamma rays encounter denser layers of air below. Commercial electrical grids are immense EMP antennas and would be subjected to voltage surges far exceeding those created by lightning, and over vastly greater areas. Fireball blackout can cause radar to be blocked for tens of seconds to minutes over an area tens of kilometers across. The start current is supplied by an external source, such a high voltage capacitor bank (Marx bank), a smaller FCG or the MHD device.
Under the proper conditions, this space charge region will oscillate at microwave frequencies. Secondly, the large standoff range means that the aircraft can remain well clear of the bomb's effects.

Buildings housing government offices and thus computer equipment, production facilities, military bases and known radar sites and communications nodes are all targets which can be readily identified through conventional photographic, satellite, imaging radar, electronic reconnaissance and humint operations. While radiating, their positions can be precisely tracked with suitable Electronic Support Measures (ESM) and Emitter Locating Systems (ELS) carried either by the launch platform or a remote surveillance platform. The latter also raises the possibility of autonomous electro-magnetic warhead armed expendable UAVs, fitted with appropriate homing receivers.
While optical fibers address this requirement for transferring data in and out, electrical power feeds remain an on-going vulnerability.
Reports from the US indicate that hardening measures attuned to the behaviour of nuclear EMP bombs do not perform well when dealing with some conventional microwave electro-magnetic device designs.
Older equipment and systems may be impossible to harden properly and may require complete replacement. Indeed, shielding which is incomplete may resonate when excited by radiation and thus contribute to damage inflicted upon the equipment contained within it.
The massed application of these weapons will produce substantial paralysis in any target system, thus providing a decisive advantage in the conduct of Electronic Combat, Offensive Counter Air and Strategic Air Attack. Electrical transformers would have burst into flames, power grids would have gone down and much of our technology would have been fried.
For example, surges might simultaneously cause electrical fires and incapacitate traffic control and emergency dispatch systems. The E2 threat compounds that of the E1 component since it strikes a fraction of a second after the E1 has very likely damaged or destroyed the protective devices that would have prevented E2 damage.
In this regard, E3 is similar to a massive geomagnetic storm, and is particularly damaging to long-line infrastructure, such as electrical cables and transformers. If detonation is too low, most of the electro-magnetic force from the EMP will be driven into the ground, creating deadly nuclear fallout that deprives the weapon of its non-casualty appeal. This technology has infused itself into the nation’s critical infrastructure and key resources (CIKR). The transmission grid is composed of substations and transformers that step power up and down as power lines are switched in order to transfer high-voltage long disaster power to a lower voltage more suitable for consumer use.
Those with the expertise to replace transformers and capacitors are likely to be overwhelmed if much of our infrastructure is damaged, only delaying the replacement of equipment that generally takes two years to be manufactured and delivered.[11] The severe deficiencies in America’s ability to replace its transmission infrastructure must be addressed in order to reduce the catastrophic effect of a successful EMP attack. Failure of the Linden–Goethals 230,000-volt interconnection with New Jersey resulted in the protective devices removing overloaded lines, transformers, and cables from service. It could be weeks or months before services are restored and it remains to be seen what a national shutdown of this vital infrastructure sector would entail long term.
The longer-term effects on the automobile and trucking infrastructure will hinge on the ability to obtain fuel and the recovery of commercial power. The airline industry is not crucial for national survival, but it will be needed for the shipment of international aid, yet all air traffic in and to the U.S. Much of the city was unable to mobilize when disaster struck, deprived of food, water, power, and transportation. Relocation to the Houston Astrodome, the slow arrival of FEMA housing, or a massive nationwide recovery effort would be impossible after an EMP attack.
The crucial role that telecommunication plays in the health and well-being of modern society cannot be overstated. The use of electromagnetic waves for the transportation of communications signals reduces the amount of hardware that can be conceivably damaged by an EMP explosion. The centers directly affected by the blast will suffer some direct damage due to EMP and degrade communications within the area, but the larger issues are the certain loss of portions of the power grid and the lack of sufficient backup generation within the infrastructure.
It highlighted the success of the Government Emergency Telecommunications Service (GETS) that gives priority resources to emergency responders and government officials. Both line-of-sight exposure and residual radiation will degrade satellite performance after an EMP attack. More than a quarter of a million Haitians have been injured.[40] More worrisome for recovery efforts, “the country’s new and only undersea fiber link…suffered major damage from the earthquake”[41] and will likely impede the ability to coordinate relief efforts. The lack of a need for a transmissions infrastructure and the global scope of shortwave radio make it extremely likely that radio communications will continue to function. If you fry those things, there are only a couple of countries in the world that sell them for export, and it takes a year, at least, to make one of them,” Pry says.
Yes, government can be maddeningly inefficient, but a nationwide catastrophe would evoke a commensurate urgency to fix the problem. Jon Wellinghoff, chairman of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission at the time, called the attack “the most significant incident of domestic terrorism involving the U.S. EMP1 is the component that can destroy computers and communications equipment and it changes too quickly for ordinary lightning protectors to provide effective protection against it. At intermediate altitudes the air absorbs these rays fairly uniformly and does not generate long range electro-magnetic disturbances.
Although only about 3x10^-10 of the total explosion energy is radiated as EMP in a ground burst (10^6 joules for 1 Mt bomb), it is concentrated in a very short pulse. Modern VLSI chips are extremely sensitive to voltage surges, and would be burned out by even small leakage currents. The electrical properties of the plasma are optimized by seeding the explosive or propellant with suitable additives, which ionize during the burn. If the space charge region is placed into a resonant cavity which is appropriately tuned, very high peak powers may be achieved. Finally the bomb's autopilot may be programmed to shape the terminal trajectory of the weapon, such that a target may be engaged from the most suitable altitude and aspect. These targets are typically geographically fixed and thus may be attacked providing that the aircraft can penetrate to weapon release range.
UE has attracted most attention in the context of TEMPEST surveillance, where transient emanations leaking out from equipment due poor shielding can be detected and in many instances demodulated to recover useful intelligence.
These would be programmed to loiter in a target area until a suitable emitter is detected, upon which the UAV would home in and expend itself against the target. The use of these protective systems with our own electromagnetic power supply as the TK-Omega RF5000 and TK-Orion RF5000 will also not to need to require external energy supply thus closing down all and any leaks thus allowing the base or bunker totally EMPS protected and anti EMPS attack proof. Thus needing to use Technokontrols Anti-EMPS Protection Technology which as being simple and effective will not need to be applied to the internal electronics of any of the devices required for protection as the whole area, zone, section will be protected for all outside EMPS and thus needing to install an antenna to continue to operate with the outside world once the danger has been overcome or passed allowing normal operations to continue if desired.
In simple terms, hardening by design is significantly easier than attempting to harden existing equipment. Communications would collapse, transportation would halt, and electrical power would simply be non-existent.
If the electromagnetic distortion is large enough, the E1 shock will even destroy lightly EMP-shielded equipment in addition to most consumer electronics.[2] Devices that incorporate antennas by nature accept electronic signals and cannot be shielded against E1, meaning trillions of dollars worth of electronics will fail after an EMP assault, regardless of protective measures. These include the energy sector, banking and finance, petroleum and natural gas, transportation, food services, water, emergency services, and space systems.
This grid is essential to maintaining electrical distribution if some power generation is lost, as this system can reroute electricity to where it is needed most. As a result, a power failure spread throughout the New York area.[12] This blackout lasted only one day, yet resulted in widespread looting and the breakdown of the rule of law throughout many New York neighborhoods. The initial day of the blackout brought massive traffic jams and gridlock when people tried to get home without traffic lights. Particularly in the direct aftermath of the EMP attack, banks will find it difficult to provide the public with the liquidity necessary to purchase essential goods. These networks are increasingly incorporating electronics into their systems, so the transportation network is increasingly vulnerable to EMP. Though the rail lines themselves are unlikely to suffer destruction, the control computers onboard the locomotives, traffic signals, and control centers will most likely be disabled. Many of the nation’s seagoing vessels are likely to experience the effects of EMP, and if they do, they will lose communication as a result.
The storage of food is directly dependent on the electrical infrastructure to power refrigerated warehouses, yet the distribution of the nation’s food supply is entirely at the mercy of the trucking industry. The direct impact of the hurricane on the city caused minimal damage, incurring a few casualties and destroying some buildings, such as part of the roof of the Superdome. The loss of this infrastructure would seriously impede the routine communication between individuals, business, and government. This arrangement gives priority cellular service to officials and provides the administrative framework to operate the communications infrastructure in crisis.
The x-rays, gamma rays, and UV radiation emitted during a nuclear explosion will propagate in outer space and affect the performance of satellites within line-of-sight exposure, which is a significant amount of Earth’s orbit.
When dealing with a disaster of this scope, there must be serious collaboration with foreign entities in order to plan the delivery of emergency supplies and alleviate the crisis.
Haiti’s infrastructure is in complete shambles, yet would be in a far worse state were it not for significant international aid.
Ham radios and other communication devices themselves may be destroyed, but the infrastructure itself is nearly invulnerable. An EMP strike can easily obliterate America’s electrical, telecommunications, transportation, financial, food, and water infrastructures, rendering the United States helpless to coordinate actions and deliver services essential for daily life. This means that most of the electrons are stopped by collisions with air molecules before they can complete one full circle of its spiral around the Earth's magnetic field lines.
The charge separation persists for only a few tens of microseconds, making the emission power some 100 gigawatts. The zone can extend all the way to the horizon, to 2500 km for an explosion at an altitude of 500 km. Termed Van Eck radiation, such emissions can only be suppressed by rigorous shielding and emission control techniques, such as are employed in TEMPEST rated equipment.
Thus using Technokontrol Anti-EMPS technology will avoid mass change-over investments and allowing all electronics to continue their normal operations reducing cost, time, burden and protecting classified data, locations or confidential interests to outside operators. These kinds of solar storms have hit the Earth many times before, and experts tell us that it is inevitable that it will happen again. Two of the country’s preeminent national security experts explain how to prevent the worst.
Not even a global humanitarian effort would be enough to keep hundreds of millions of Americans from death by starvation, exposure, or lack of medicine. These technological innovations have brought great benefits, but also make the United States—and its component states and localities—vulnerable to an EMP attack. Substations are exposed to both EMP and the elements while situated in remote areas, are full of cables which can act like antennas, and are dependent on telephone lines in order to function. Additional transportation problems arose when railways, airlines, gas stations, and oil refineries halted operations.
Indeed an EMP attack that shuts down the electronic data retrieval systems would render banking transactions virtually impossible. Any damage to the network has a significant impact on the distribution of goods and will significantly influence the nation’s recovery after a disaster.
These elements of the rail infrastructure must be hardened in order to ensure that power plants will have an adequate fuel supply if disaster strikes. True disaster struck when New Orleans’s levees failed to contain a flooded Lake Pontchartrain from reaching the streets. The vital components that make telecommunications possible include send-and-receive devices for voice and data, such as standard and cellular phones and personal computers.
A number of measures in place, such as grounding, bonding, shielding, and the use of surge protectors, are considered insufficient to protect against an electromagnetic attack.[34] Each of these infrastructures is unique in its ability to suffer injury from EMP, and should be considered a separate system with unique protection plans. However, nationwide network stress coupled with significant infrastructure damage may result in the failure of this system.
Moreover, the Earth’s magnetic field could act as a container to trap energetic electrons and form a radiation belt that would encircle the Earth.[37] Both of these effects will degrade satellite performance. The plight of Haiti demonstrates the need for an international disaster response coordination in which the U.S. Using radio or other means-assured emergency broadcasts as well as interactive communications will be essential. In the words of Arizona Senator Jon Kyl, EMP “is one of only a few ways that the United States could be defeated by its enemies.”[48] The time to prepare is now.
The field strengths for ground bursts are high only in the immediate vicinity of the explosion. Two high-value components of the transmission infrastructure, transformers and capacitors, are very sensitive to both E1 and E3. Telephone lines were overwhelmed due to the high volume of calls, while many radio and television stations went off-air. Even then, some traders could not access the NASDAQ electronic exchange by telephone, ATMs failed all over New York City and elsewhere, transportation systems were interrupted regularly, power outages continued to randomly disrupt business, and many companies had trouble obtaining backup diesel fuel for their generators.
Cargo cranes contain upwards of 100 vulnerable computers and sensors, and the distribution centers linking shipping containers with the U.S. The mayor did not fully realize the scope of the catastrophe, nor did the Louisiana governor or the President, which caused emergency response agencies to lag behind in mobilization to New Orleans.
They also include mediums such as fiber and copper, wireless and cellular transmission facilities, and monitoring and management systems that identify, mitigate, and repair problems that can impact the services that make modern communication possible. The immense proliferation of smartphones in the last few years may cause unprecedented stress for the system, as users try to download data in addition to making calls. It has been demonstrated that large EMP explosions will cause a significant portion of satellites to fail.[38] Generally, old satellites that have been exposed to previous cosmic radiation, satellites in low orbit, and new satellites that are faster and lighter are most at risk of failure.
For smaller bombs they aren't very important because they are strong only where the destruction is intense anyway. The Earth's magnetic field causes the electrons in this layer to spiral as they travel, creating a powerful downward directed electro-magnetic pulse lasting a few microseconds.
Overall, the blackout’s economic cost was between $7 billion and $10 billion due to food spoilage, lost production, overtime wages, and other related costs inflicted on over one-seventh of the U.S. Banks borrowed a total of $785 million from the Federal Reserve System to compensate for imbalances. Immediately after the disaster, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) allowed 1,000 rescue workers to take two days to arrive, while 2,000 more were given an entire week to mobilize to New Orleans.[27] Federal disaster response did not anticipate the near-immediate and complete breakdown of the social order, with looters and gunmen running rampant.
The major elements of the civilian communication equipment networks have electrical systems with circuit boards, integrated circuit chips, and switching equipment such as routers that are inherently susceptible to EMP attack.
There is a workable infrastructure in place in order to provide priority calling in the event of disaster—but the changing nature of wireless communication may cause unprecedented difficulty. This will be impossible without effective communication to provide situational awareness, transmit needs assessments, and organize the delivery of assistance.
In sum, EMP refers to the electromagnetic radiation that can be caused from an explosion (in the aforementioned example, a nuclear explosion) or a widely fluctuating magnetic field.
In the case of a nuclear attack, the scenario typically involves the detonation of a nuclear device miles above the area designed to be damaged. Much of the world’s intellectual brain power (half of it is in the United States) would be lost as well.
EMP attacks: The history Concerns regarding EMP attacks did not sprout up recently with the advent of our war on terrorism.
Further, the fact that our nation was once concerned about such an assault long ago would lead many to believe that our government may have some defense systems to fall back on. In sum, the devastation that such an attack could bring on its target area was looked at very closely during this meeting. How about car damage (actual cars would likely be okay because they are encased in metal, but in order for cars to run they need gas and pumps need electricity), refrigerators on the fritz (immeasurable supplies of food would go bad), water sanitation devices unable to work (dehydration and bacteria infested water), and communication devices going down for starters?
After all, an EMP attack has never really occurred; thus, we’re in somewhat of a theoretical situation here (we know there would be significant damage, but how much is unclear). Further, the United States keeps what military systems are ready for an EMP attack classified. In fact, when EMP is concentrated by metal it can actually be dangerous to man in and of itself.
A new device called the Ovonic Threshold Device (Energy Conversion Devices of Troy, MI) is a solid state switch that opens a path to ground when a massive surge of EMP is encountered by a circuit. So have a lot of that and food on hand (remember that refrigerators and water sanitizing devices would go out). A prompt Solar Radiation Storm reached the S1 (minor) level soon after the impulsive R1 (minor) Radio Blackout at 0641 UTC.
And now the eminent astrophysicist, Alexey Demetriev claims what is happening is worse—much worse—than what NASA and the ESA have admitted.Terrified scientists at NASA discovered on July 14, 2010 that our system is passing through an interstellar energy cloud. In conjunction with Earth’s weakening and moving magnetic shield, the world is becoming defenseless against massive solar flares and intense radiation._________________What is life?It is the flash of a firefly in the night, the breath of a buffalo in the wintertime. First of all, I'm a representative of academia, so do their conclusions only on the basis of specific observations, and based on mathematical calculations.
At the moment, is the accelerated rebuilding of the biosphere and climate maps, and these events are taking place against the backdrop of global geophysical changes. Start at least with what is currently beginning to change its polarity magnetic poles of the earth.
That is, after a while the compass needle, which is indicated at this time to the north will point south. Yes, changing the magnetic poles, it is not second process, but it will not stretch for thousands of years. At the global scale it will all happen quickly enough, it will be enough, hundreds of other years. The very mechanics of the process - it is very deep geophysics, which, unfortunately, has to date been sufficiently studied. About any changes we may judge by the secondary attributes, such as abrupt climatic and tectonic changes that we have to date seen everywhere on the planet, and are these traits. Of course, the paleontological studies indicate that the crash happened 60-70 million years ago, and as a result of which the dinosaurs became extinct, was of this character, advanced the same calculations confirmed that a cataclysm waiting for us now will be stronger at 25%. Events - harbingers of impending changes are visible now, it is abnormally low edge of the aurora.
This shows the change in the optical characteristics of the atmosphere that are already happening.
While they are not very important, but - here I speak as a hard dialectical materialist - the number will certainly grow in quality._________________What is life?It is the flash of a firefly in the night, the breath of a buffalo in the wintertime.
In the 132-page report, experts detailed what might happen to our modern, high-tech society in the event of a "super solar flare" followed by an extreme geomagnetic storm. The prediction comes from a team led by Mausumi Dikpati of the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). If correct, the years ahead could produce a burst of solar activity second only to the historic Solar Max of 1958.That was a solar maximum. In 1958 you couldn't tell that a solar storm was underway by looking at the bars on your cell phone; cell phones didn't exist.
Even so, people knew something big was happening when Northern Lights were sighted three times in Mexico.
The source of the excitement is a modest knot of magnetism that popped over the sun's eastern limb on Dec.
LovettA recent report found that for countries relying on technology for life-sustaining infrastructures, a severe solar flare could be more devastating than any prior natural disaster. National Academy of Sciences in January says that if a coronal mass ejection from the Sun were to hit Earth’s magnetic shield, countries with mass electrical grid systems would experience devastating results.In the past, coronal mass ejections have affected satellites and communication devices on Earth.
On March 10, 1989, a coronal mass ejection erupted from the Sun and reached the Earth’s surface.

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