Emergency management programs in the united states,canadian wilderness survival guide,best bug out bag for a family - Step 2

This guide was made possible by the collective and collaborative efforts of the National Emergency Management Training Committee (NEMTC) Exercise Design Working Group.
The goal of the Working Group was to produce a nationally recognized beginner’s guide to Exercise Design. We would like to thank the following organizations for their leadership and support in the development of this project: Emergency Management Organizations of Ontario, Manitoba, North West Territories, British Columbia, Newfoundland and Labrador, Public Safety Canada, National Exercise Division and the Canadian Emergency Management College.
While this guide was prepared for a Canadian audience, it draws upon material from the Exercise Design curriculum and best practices of the International Community. The goal of this course is to provide you with an awareness of emergency management exercise programs.
In each part of this guide, you’ll be introduced to some new terminology and acronyms. Examples – that illustrate the concepts are identified by a paperclip so you can easily find them. Test yourself – at the end of each Lesson is a short exercise that will help you to reinforce the concepts that were covered.
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This introductory self-study program will provide you with the basic concepts of exercise program management, including key terms and an overview of the exercise design process. An exercise is a simulated emergency, in which members of various agencies perform the tasks that would be expected of them in a real emergency. It is the level of judgment, care; prudence, determination, and activity that a person would reasonably be expected to do under particular circumstances. To exercise due diligence, a plan needs to identify possible hazards and carry out the appropriate corrective action.
TRAINING - To develop staff competencies, to give staff practice in carrying out their roles in the plans, and to assess and improve performance. Mitigation- actions taken to eliminate or reduce risks and impacts posed by hazards well before an emergency or disaster occur. Prevention- activities performed in advance to lessen the severity and impact of an emergency. Response - activities performed during a crisis to save lives, protect property, and stabilize the situation. Recovery - activities performed after a crisis has been stabilized to return all systems to normal.
Complete the following statement: A simulated emergency during which players from a range of agencies perform tasks required during a real emergency is called a(n) ________________. It’s a risk-based process that includes a cycle, mix, and range of exercise activities of varying degrees of complexity and interaction.
These exercises familiarize participants with current plans, policies, agreements and procedures.
These exercises validate plans, policies, agreements and procedures, clarify roles and responsibilities, and identify resource gaps in an operational environment. Within these 2 types of exercises there are several varieties of exercises that you can use. It’s the formal written documentation analyzing the performance of assigned personnel after an exercise or an actual event.
An Exercise Program’s multi-year exercise plan is a cycle of activity with increasing levels of complexity using discussion based and operations based exercises. In an Exercise Program, all exercises are evaluated so you can see if they have achieved your identified goals and to measure performance.
In an Exercise Program, an After Action Report (AAR) is prepared following every exercise – no matter how big or small. In an Exercise Program, a Corrective Action Plan (CAP) is developed, and implemented, to address the findings and recommendations that you identified in the After Action Report (AAR). Conduct an annual review of the exercise program to make sure that the objectives are being met.
Develop and implement a Corrective Action Plan (CAP) to deal with the findings and recommendations identified in the After Action Report (AAR). This is the first stage in the exercise stage, focusing on developing a project management timeline, establishing milestones, identifying an exercise planning team, and scheduling planning conferences. This is a group of individuals with the overall responsibility for all phases of an exercise.
The exercise planning team is responsible for designing, developing, conducting, and evaluating all aspects of an exercise. The exercise planning team should be chaired, where possible, by an Exercise Coordinator who is nominated from the pre-determined lead organization for the exercise.
It’s the formal beginning of the exercise planning process, held to agree upon already-identified type, scope, capabilities, objectives, and purpose of the exercise. This meeting is attended by representatives of the sponsoring organization, the Lead Exercise Planner, and selected senior officials. Gain agreement and support from the exercise planning team on scope, design requirements, and conditions. Determine objectives, levels of participation, and scenario variables from each participating organization. Before holding this meeting, some groundwork, such as a concept paper, would have been established, based on the Concept and Objectives meeting.
This conference may be held in preparation for more complex exercises, specifically to review the scenario timeline and focus on MSEL development. Depending on the level of complexity of your exercises, all mid-term planning may be accomplished in one Mid-Term Planning Conference. It is the final forum for reviewing exercise processes and procedures before the exercise begins. As a general guideline, you may find that the Final Planning Conference is half day for a discussion-based exercise, and a full day for an operations based exercise.
Review all exercise logistical tasks (such as schedule, registration, attire, special needs, refreshments, room configuration and set up, audio visual equipment). Conduct a comprehensive final review of and approve all exercise documents and presentation materials. Building on the exercise foundation, the design and development process consists of identifying capabilities, tasks, and objectives, designing the scenario, creating documentation, coordinating logistics, planning exercise conduct, and selecting an evaluation and improvement methodology.
The extent of work and time required for this phase depends on the complexity of the exercise planned.
The next step is to determine the facility or site that the scenario will affect during the exercise.
One key decision you’ll have to make early on in your planning is whether the exercise is to run in real time, or whether the scenario will unfold in a series of events within a timeline. The need for an Exercise Control Centre should be considered by the exercise planning team. It is important to appoint a Safety Officer and carry out a risk assessment for every live exercise to test that structures are safe and no unseen dangers are present on the site.
Exercise participants need identification that is similar to what would be used in a real emergency. It’s a meeting held, before the exercise begins, to inform participants on the ground rules of conduct and their roles and responsibilities.
Dealing with the media is a significant part of any major incident, which means that you should take every opportunity to practice your media plan during an exercise. It’s an immediate debriefing session between players and members of the exercise planning team to discuss their preliminary observations. It’s a post-exercise meeting that is held after a period of time, not immediately after the exercise. Debriefings need to occur both at an individual service level and at the inter-organizational level. It’s the act of observing and recording exercise activity or conduct, by comparing the behaviour or actions against the exercise objectives, while noting strengths and weaknesses. As an exercise is underway it’s a great idea to put in place a process to observe the exercise and follow this up with a constructive critique of the events as they occurred. Evaluations need to record strengths, as well as opportunities for improvement, in an emergency management program.
Successful follow-up to an exercise requires analytical and practical skills in order to turn the lessons learned from an exercise into concrete, measurable steps that result in improved capabilities.
It’s important for the Exercise Planning Team to make sure that all learning points and action items are agreed to by each of the participating organizations. In the next Lesson, let’s take a look at the key roles played by the exercise participants and how they would fit into the phases.
Organizations have a direct responsibility for the training and exercising of their emergency management professionals.
This person has the responsibility for and authority to properly plan and deliver an exercise. The Exercise Coordinator is the person in overall charge of planning, exercising, debriefing and producing the final report.
Prepare a schedule of major exercise activities and regular updates on changes to the plan and schedule.
Coordinate the development and implementation of a multi-year exercise program for the approval of the emergency management committee. Support the planning, conduct, and evaluation of exercises in accordance with the principles and guidance defined in legislation, such as the Emergency Management Act, and regulations. Incorporate lessons learned, and prevention and response needs identified through exercises, into strategy planning and evaluation. The exercise planning team is responsible for the successful handling of all aspects of an exercise, including exercise planning, conduct, and evaluation. Because planning team members have advanced scenario and events knowledge about an exercise, they are ineligible to participate in the exercise as players. The exercise planning team can most effectively be structured using the principles of the Incident Management System (IMS).
This exercise participant is responsible for taking whatever actions are necessary to respond to a simulated emergency. Players, also called Exercise Participants, respond to events according to the Exercise scenario.
This is a person whose role is to ensure the objectives are sufficiently exercised, the level of activity keeps players occupied and challenged, and the pace (flow) of the exercise proceeds according to the scenario.
The key responsibility of the controller is to make sure that the exercise is conducted in accordance with the objectives, the scenario, and the problems identified in the scenario. This is an individual assigned to one or more exercise functions or locations to document and evaluate individual, team, and organizational performance based on the exercise objectives and performance criteria.


An evaluation team is made up of one or many more evaluators, depending on the type and size of the exercise.
Emergency Management is a growing field in uncertain times of natural disasters and terrorism; in response to this, many institutions are offering online emergency management degree programs as a way to prepare professionals for careers in this field. Many schools are beginning to offer these Online Emergency Management Degree Programs for the convenience of people already working in the field that wish to step into an administrative role. Executive Summary: This popular online university enrolls more than 36,000 students in 145 undergraduate and graduate specializations. Unique Features: Undergrad courses cover communication strategies, juvenile justice, public safety statistics, history of violence, homeland security, and more. Executive Summary: This is a completion program that requires the student to have completed the 44 credit hour general education core courses elsewhere.
Executive Summary: Designed for emergency services personnel, the degree at this popular online institution aims to increase administrative and management knowledge and safety awareness of its participants.
Unique Features: The program examines technology, human resource management, and fiscal responsibility along with ethics, operations, and research methods. Executive Summary: At Colorado State University’s Global Campus, undergraduate students may choose from many specializations, allowing the student to customize their degree. Executive Summary: A for-profit university, Walden offers online degrees in a number of areas, including Education and Leadership, Management and Technology, Health Sciences, and Social and Behavioral Sciences.
Unique Features: Emphasizes learning how to develop long-term measure for reducing risk and preventing future disasters. Executive Summary: While not a full bachelor’s program, the certificate program at Drexel is intended to complement a bachelor’s degree and all of the certificate’s credits count toward bachelor’s degrees and are transferable from Drexel to other institutions.
Executive Summary: This program from SUNY Canton is a technological approach to Emergency Management. Executive Summary: The University of Central Missouri seeks to fill the need for qualified emergency management professionals created by recent advancements in the field. Unique Features: West Texas University is ranked #72 among western regional universities, and its online bachelor programs are ranked #17 in Student Services and Technology and #23 in Faculty Credentials and Training. Executive Summary: Arkansas Tech University is one of the first universities to institute an entire department of emergency management.
Unique Features: The emergency management program at Arkansas Tech is the first to have received regional, national, and international accreditation.
Executive Summary: The program offered by UA-Fairbanks is one focused on building on the technical skills of its students to prepare them to fulfill an administrative role in the emergency management field. Unique Features: The Bachelor of Emergency Management degree from UA-Fairbanks is offered by UAF School of Management, an AACSB accredited business school. Executive Summary: The program at NLC is designed for union members already working in the field of Fire Service, EMS, Law Enforcement, Public Safety, Homeland Security and other related fields to provide training to those professionals in the intricacies of emergency management. Unique Features: National Labor College was founded to provide education in their field to union members across the country throughout the nation’s various unions and still serves that purpose today. The foundation of the Emergency Management Performance Grant (EMPG) Program was established in 1969 with the enactment of Public Law 91-79, which authorized the President to provide grants to states for the development of disaster relief plans and the development of emergency management agencies. Today, the EMPG is authorized by the Post Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act, as amended, the Robert T.
Title VI of the Stafford Act authorizes FEMA to make grants for the purpose of providing a system of emergency preparedness for the protection of life and property in the United States from hazards and to vest responsibility for emergency preparedness jointly in the Federal Government, States, and their political subdivisions. New Yorkers are always on the go, and being separated from your loved ones is possible during an emergency. Sign up to receive alerts from the City's official source for information about emergencies. Help prepare & respond to emergencies by joining NYC Community Emergency Response Teams.
Organizations can learn how to better prepare its employees, services, and facilities for disasters.
Follow us on Twitter to stay informed before, during, and after emergency, plus tips and information about how to be prepared. Like us on Facebook to stay informed before, during, and after emergency, plus tips and information about how to be prepared. Professional Masters degrees are available in a wide range of medical and health related fields to prepare students for direct entry into the work force or for further graduate study. For further information on program specific curriculum please follow the links below or contact the Program Coordinator directly.  A complete listing of all GMS course offerings can be found here. The Master of Arts Program in Bioimaging trains individuals to fill a rapidly growing need for experts in imaging and allied science and technology career paths demanding a broad exposure to imaging modalities.
This department trains new generations of interdisciplinary scholars and clinicians to study and engage with the growing cultural and medical pluralism that characterizes the United States, as well as other countries around the world.
The Master of Science in Medical Science Program (MAMS) introduces students to a broad range of topics in the medical sciences while strengthening their academic credentials for admission to medical, dental or other professional schools. The program is an intensive 60-credit degree program designed to meet the requirements for an independent mental health-care license in Massachusetts and other states.  The primary objective is to prepare individuals in mental health counseling interventions with a complementary background in behavioral medicine and neuroscience.
This Biomedical Forensic Sciences Program trains aspiring and mid-career professionals in a variety of forensic disciplines related to crime scene investigation and evidence analysis.
The Forensic Anthropology Program offers a variety of courses in forensic anthropological techniques and procedures, human anatomy, osteology, pathology, human remains recovery, death investigation, research design, expert witness testimony and forensic science. The number of natural disaster's are on the rise, from hurricanes, earthquakes, tsunami's, volcano's, nuclear disasters, and more. Communication methods and hierarchy of command is another important aspect of emergency management and disaster recovery efforts. Both the public and private sectors employ individuals in a variety of roles in emergency management.
This guide introduces you to the principles, concepts, and terminology needed to be a participant in an emergency management exercise program – wherever you are across Canada, and, with few modifications for changes in legislation, etc, anywhere in the world.
Special mention goes to: UK Resilience, Australia Emergency Management Agency, and US Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Upon successful completion, you will be able to actively participate as a member of an exercise deign team or program committee member. It prepares you to design, develop, conduct, control, evaluate, and implement post exercise requirements for a discussion-based exercise, specifically a Tabletop Exercise. Exercises can be used to validate plans and procedures, and to practice prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery capabilities. As applied to an emergency program, due diligence means that all reasonable precautions are taken to address public safety risks, including during response to an emergency. In an emergency program, this includes the training programs and exercises for employees and other persons who provide necessary services.
Exercises enhance teamwork and encourage the interaction and cooperation that is needed when a real emergency occurs. We’ll briefly take a look at them in Lessons 5-8 and give you a brief explanation of what each is best suited for.
We’ve introduced the types of exercises, shown you some examples of exercises, and given you a definition of an exercise. It is the final product of an exercise and captures observations and recommendations based on the exercise objectives as associated with the capabilities and tasks. It’s a process that follows an exercise to identify program shortfalls and necessary corrective actions to address those shortfalls.
Your plan should note the requirements of your exercise program and include an exercise schedule that is updated annually. For example, if you test evacuation procedures, you want to work with the jurisdiction you will evacuate to so that they, in turn, can test their response to receiving evacuees from another area.
From the foundation the building blocks are added, renewed, and revised on a recurring basis.
The planning team determines exercise design objectives, tailors the scenario to local needs, and develops the documentation used in exercise evaluation, control, and simulation.
The Exercise Coordinator works with the assistance of the planning team, and has overall charge of planning, exercising and debriefing. This paper is then used as a point of reference for future planning meetings and the exercise itself.
The IPC is typically the first step in the planning process and lays the foundation for the exercise (unless a C&O Meeting is held). Additional preparation work prior to the Initial Planning Conference includes a briefing for the exercise planning team that gives an overview of the exercise and briefly explains: the purpose, goals, objective, and a narrative of the scenario contemplated.
It is suggested that meeting minutes are prepared and sent out within a week of the meeting. However, for a more complex exercise, a Master Scenario Events List Conference may be needed to focus on the scenario and all of the events that will drive that scenario. Given the purpose of the conference, it’s a good idea to have the meeting close enough to the exercise site so that your team members can have a final site walk through. Planning a successful exercise requires coordination skills to help you work with participating agencies and officials.
Well-defined objectives provide a framework for scenario development, guide individual organizations’ objective development, and inform exercise evaluation criteria.
When joint exercises are planned, the senior management of all participating organizations need to agree on the overall goal of the exercise.
For discussion-based exercises, a scenario provides the backdrop that drives participant discussion.
Each type of hazard presents its own strengths and weaknesses to be used for evaluating different aspects of prevention, response, and recovery.
A balance needs to be struck between exercising in the area that the scenario problem is likely to affect, and letting the day-to-day activities carry on as normal. All participants – including controllers, evaluators, players, actors, and observers- need to be made aware of any hazards within the area and reminded of safety issues.
All participants need to be reminded to comply with safety requirements and not place themselves, or others, in danger.
For safety reasons, have an agreed procedure for interrupting the exercise, including stopping the exercise if necessary. To avoid confusion, all those who are not actively participating in the exercise scenario e.g. It may be a good idea to give prior public information to members of the public in the surrounding area of the exercise to prevent any undue alarm, particularly for exercises at hazardous sites.
Preliminary observations and evaluations are discussed and participants have an opportunity to provide feedback that might have been missed in the hot-wash. It is an opportunity to evaluate efficiency, learn from the experience gained and determine how well the emergency management process went. The exercise coordinator and exercise team need to make sure that the necessary debriefing sessions take place. Improvement planning is a process where actions that address the issues observed during an exercise are developed, assigned, implemented and tracked.


The action items identified are documented in the final report, and a time frame agreed for implementation of the action items. Regional exercise scenarios should be developed to include players from multiple agencies and jurisdictions as this would likely reflect actual response to a disaster. Your organization’s Exercise Division coordinates programs that support training and exercise activities for the organization, and any government, private sector, and international partners. It falls to the Exercise Coordinator to control the exercise tempo and make sure there is continuity from one phase to the next, including early termination for safety or other reasons, such as a major incident requiring real action by participants. There are many tasks, ranging from designing the exercise to arranging detailed administrative matters. The team’s project management principles should reflect IMS with clearly defined roles and responsibilities. Players have an active role in responding to an incident by either discussing (in a discussion-based exercise) or performing (in an operations-based exercise) their regular roles and responsibilities. All of these universities are regionally accredited and many are well respected, particularly in the field of emergency management. The university is accredited by The Higher Learning Commission and is a member of the North Central Association of Schools and Colleges (NCA).
The program is offered online by Western Carolina University through the University of North Carolina Online website which collates all the programs available online from 16 North Carolina universities. Discounts may be available for active-duty military, military veteran, current military spouse, and international students. Thus, the Emergency Management Specialization can be a very attractive choice for students looking to serve in the emergency services and management fields, yet wish to have a broader bachelor’s degree to go with their specialized training. The goal of this certificate is to act as something more than a specialization or a minor, certifying the student as an emergency management specialist complementing any other degree the student chooses to earn. The program emphasises student education in the latest emergency management technology, and also in the actual development of exercises and drills. News and World Report ranks SUNY Canton’s online bachelor’s programs at #34 in Student Services and Technology. The focus of the program trains students in the skills needed to fill roles in private and public positions whether it be that of business continuity planner, institutional emergency planner, industrial emergency responder, or jobs in the field of public safety. News and World Report and its online bachelor’s programs are ranked on the online education honor roll.
The Online Emergency Management Degree program is designed to meet the needs of both full time and part-time students and the main focus of the program is on non-traditional students already working in the field of emergency management.
The goal of devoting an entire department to emergency management is to provide students and faculty with the support necessary for creating qualified professionals for this growing field and to make significant contributions to emergency management and emergency management education. Arkansas Technical University’s online bachelor programs are ranked #52 in Student Services and Technology by U.S. The goal is to provide a program primarily geared toward emergency management professionals that will increase their competitiveness in the field and increase their qualifications leading to promotions into administrative roles. The college is a degree completion institution, so students must have 56 credits in order to matriculate into the offered programs, including the Online Emergency Management Degree program.
The 1969 law, which was set to expire one-year after enactment, was made permanent through the Disaster Relief Act of 1970.
Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, as amended, the Earthquake Hazards Reduction Act of 1977, as amended, and the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968, as amended. Setting up meeting places for you and your loved ones to find each other is an important part of your emergency plan.
The curriculum provides an in-depth look at all of the key elements in clinical investigation, including trial design, trial management, biostatistics, ethical issues, and clinical research regulations. Coursework goes into depth in both the theories and methods of medical anthropology and cross-cultural practice, while supporting students’ own research interests and career goals. The MAMS program is a 32 credit program that can be completed in four semesters in either one or two calendar years.  A laboratory or literature-based thesis is required and many students elect to complete the program in two years, using the second year to gain valuable research experience. Professionals trained in these disciplines are crucial to today’s comprehensive forensic investigations. There is also the potential for man made disasters such as terrorist attacks, biological and chemical spills, healthcare epidemics, and more. There is a list of common acronyms towards the end of the guide, and it’s a good idea to use it for your reference.
This duty also applies to situations that are not addressed elsewhere in the occupational health and safety legislation. Training tests the procedures to be followed in emergency response and recovery activities. Planning team members may also assist with developing and distributing pre-exercise materials, conducting exercise briefings and training sessions.
The Exercise Coordinator controls the exercise tempo, and ensures continuity from one phase to the next, including early termination for safety or other reason.
Having everyone agree on the goals, objectives, and expected actions will help to make sure that the appropriate type of exercise is selected.
Specific objectives for each organization can be set individually but need to be consolidated so that that they don’t conflict with those of another participating organization.
For operations-based exercises, the scenario provides background information on the incident catalyst of the exercise. You’ll need to remember that exercise participants may not be familiar with the location, and control may be needed to make sure that they stay within the exercise area. At complex exercises, or where conditions are particularly hazardous, each participating agency may need its own safety officer.
The exercise planning team needs a codeword for this purpose and a way of relaying it to all participants. All reasonable steps need to be taken to make sure that the public does not think that any live exercise is a real event.
The use of code words helps make sure that everyone involved is aware that they are part of the exercise and not a real incident.
All participant organizations, including the voluntary sector and any private sector involvement, should be represented at an inter-organizational debriefing. This process is monitored by each of the organizations and the results validated during subsequent exercises. The Safety Officer’s primary responsibility is to analyze the entire exercise from a safety perspective in order to identify all possible safety hazards and resolve each one. The Safety Officer does not have the authority to terminate an activity, or even the entire exercise, if a safety problem arises.
The purpose of the final planning conference is to gain agreement and support from the exercise planning team on scope, design requirements, and conditions.
The complex tasks involved in developing exercise content and procedures require the efforts of a dedicated team. While each exercise has its own planning team, the team members may carry over from one exercise to the next, and your organization may find it advantageous to include team members with previous exercise planning experience.
This makes them ideal selections for controller and evaluator positions during the exercise. The program focuses on improving the student’s communication and analytic skills and preparing the student for advancement in career fields like Law Enforcement, Emergency Health Services and more. The program is mapped directly to FEMA’s emergency management system of preparedness, protection, response, recovery, and mitigation. Drexel’s online education methods are steeped in a tradition of devotion to cutting edge technology and the Online Emergency Management Degree program is no exception. Training features virtual disaster simulations, simulated operation of an emergency ops center and an incident command center, as well as hazard modelling. The core of the curriculum revolves around training students in the procedures set forth by FEMA. As always, we recommend contacting universities directly to verify their accreditation status. It remains is the only federal preparedness funding opportunity with a mandate that states offer sub grants to local emergency management agencies.
Select two places to meet up: one located near your home and one located outside of your neighborhood. Other courses cover how basic science discoveries translate into clinical investigation and new therapies. Completing this degree will qualify graduates to work as forensic scientists, DNA analysts, chemists, death investigators and crime scene responders at the local, state and federal levels. Key areas of instruction include crisis and disaster management, risk communication, and crisis management for community based medical care, services, and support systems.
Broad participation from all stakeholders is important for training and exercises if a wide range of preparedness needs will be met. It can be used as an assembly point, for briefings, and where victims, if used, can be prepared.
The Safety Officer must be easily identifiable and have the authority to intervene, as necessary, to ensure the health and safety of personnel.
It is important in all types of exercise to be able to identify which organization each person represents. Control rooms and operation centres of all participating organizations need to know about the codeword - before the exercise.
The membership of an exercise planning team can be adjusted to fit the type or scope of an exercise.
The Homeland Security minor covers emergency situations such as WMD threats, introductions to the topics of terrorism, transportation security and many other topics relevant in our time.
Try to choose places that are indoors and have heating or air-conditioning (depending on the season).
For the first few exercises you run, keep the objectives simple, clear and limited in scope. A code word, which can be used to identify that a real incident has occurred and is not part of the exercise, should also be decided, and given to all participants prior to the exercise. The Exercise Controller must carefully avoid two dangers here: first, self-congratulatory accounts that mask important deficiencies and, second, the creation of an impression that someone or something is to blame. Some ideas are libraries, community centers, and houses of worship closest to you, but feel free to get creative and choose places that matter most like your local pizzeria. Scenarios which fit with local geography, and which could reasonably happen, add realism which, in turn, will add to the interest in, and credibility of, the exercise.



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