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Workplace Emergency Management can assist you with all the necessary steps make your workplace or facility compliant with AS 3745-2010. In broad terms, this Australian Standard lays out the recommended framework for emergency planning in the workplace to meet the Code of Practice on Managing the Work Environment and Facilities. As part of maintaining the health and safety of all occupants in your facility, the Code places as much emphasis on Emergency Plans as it does The Work Environment, Welfare Facilities and Guidance for Specific Types of Works. Continual review of the Emergency Plan and Emergency Response Procedures is necessary to ensure that personnel lists, equipment needed and regulatory requirements are up to date. Workplace Emergency Management will assist with the establishment of your EPC and work with the EPC to establish an Emergency Plan and Emergency Response Procedures. We will develop Emergency Response Procedures specific to the needs of your workplace, facility and personnel. Workplace Emergency Management will consult with key stakeholders, building management and the Persons Conducting a Business or Undertaking ( PCBU ) to form the EPC. This will include evacuation diagrams, identifying an emergency, how to respond in an emergency, in the event of an emergency, response and communication and the location of emergency equipment. The ECO have the responsibility for taking control in an emergency and carrying out the Emergency Response Procedures. Workplace Emergency Management will take care of the whole process of developing a clear and compliant Evacuation Diagram for you and your facility no matter if you are big, small or in between. We will liaise with you to develop and produce a compliant Evacuation Diagram for your facility (or Diagrams for larger facilities) that clearly shows all workers and occupants the routes for evacuation in an emergency, the locations of exits, assembly areas & emergency equipment and where the viewer is located within that facility. We will assess how many diagrams are required for your facility, as well as the most effective locations to install the diagrams so that occupants are as familiar as possible with the information on the diagrams. Evacuation diagrams (also known as fire evacuation diagrams, Evacuation map or plans) are a requirement in all workplaces. Workplace Emergency Management offers all training needed to ensure a competent and compliant response to an emergency in your facility. Regular Emergency Response Exercises are required to check that Emergency Response Procedures are working correctly and that all occupants and the ECO are aware of and correctly implementing these procedures. As part of the Review and Maintenance process, Workplace Emergency Management offers the service of an Emergency Compliance and Life Safety Assessment.
As an example, specific procedures may be required to evacuate your facility in an emergency due to access or egress difficulties, floor plan or equipment layout. Workplace Emergency Management bases all training on Australian Standard 3745-2010 and WHS Regulation 2011.
We are based in Sydney and service all of Australia.Call us on 02 8883 1694 to discuss your needs with one of our consultants today.
Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Respiratory protection is of primary importance since inhalation is one of the major routes of exposure to chemical toxicants. Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBAs) which supply air from a source carried by the user.
Supplied-Air Respirators (SARs) which supply air from a source located some distance away and connected to the user by an air-line hose. Positive-pressure respirators maintain a positive pressure in the facepiece during both inhalation and exhalation. Negative-pressure respirators draw air into the facepiece via the negative pressure created by user inhalation. Federal regulations require the use of respirators that have been tested and approved by MSHA and NIOSH.
WEARING CONTACT LENSES WITH A RESPIRATOR IN A CONTAMINATED ATMOSPHERE IS PROHIBITED (29 CFR Part 1910.134. The level of protection that can be provided by a respirator is indicated by the respirator's protection factor. OSHA's Permissible Exposure Limits (PELs), and the NIOSH Recommended Exposure Limits (RELs) These limits are designed to protect most workers who may be exposed to chemicals day after day throughout their working life. At high breathing rates, positive-pressure SCBAs and SARs may not maintain positive pressure for brief periods during peak inhalation.
Escape-only SCBAs are frequently continuous-flow devices with hoods that can be donned to provide immediate emergency protection. Supplied-air respirators (also known as air-line respirators) supply air, never oxygen, to a facepiece via a supply line from a stationary source. The air source for supplied-air respirators may be compressed air cylinders or a compressor that purifies and delivers ambient air to the facepiece.
Air-purifying respirators consist of a facepiece and an air-purifying device, which is either a removable component of the facepiece or an air-purifying apparatus worn on a body harness and attached to the facepiece by a corrugated breathing hose.
Entry into an unventilated or confined area where the exposure conditions have not been characterized. Identified gases or vapors have inadequate warning properties and the sorbent service life is not known and the unit has no end-of-life (ESLI) indicator.
Air-purifying respirators usually operate only in the negative-pressure mode except for powered air-purifying respirators (PAPRs) which maintain a positive facepiece pressure (except at maximal breathing rates).

IMPORTANT NOTE: Respirators must be fit-tested [Fit-tested means that the facepiece seals around the face so that during inhalation negative pressure is formed and air intake is only possible through the cartridge or air hoses]. Filters may also be combined with cartridges to provide additional protection against particulates.
MSHA and NIOSH have granted approvals for manufacturers' specific assemblies of air-purifying respirators for a limited number of specific chemicals. A substance is considered to have poor warning properties when its odor or irritation threshold is above the applicable exposure limit. Make a written assessment of the worker's capacity to perform while wearing a respirator, if wearing a respirator is a job requirement. The proper use and maintenance of the selected PPE, including capabilities and limitations. The user's responsibility (if any) for decontamination, cleaning, maintenance, and repair of PPE. Chemical-resistant clothing [overalls and long-sleeved hooded jacket, one or two piece chemical splash suit, disposable chemical-resistant one-piece suit]. OPTIONAL: Coveralls, Disposable boot covers, Face shield, Long cotton underwear. OPTIONAL: Coveralls, Disposable boot covers, Face shield, Long cotton underwear, Escape Mask.
The same level of skin protection as Level B, but a lower level of respiratory protection. Measured (or potential for) high concentration of atmospheric vapors, gases or particulates. The discomfort and inconvenience of wearing PPE can create a resistance to the conscientious use of PPE. We will develop the Emergency Plan, Emergency Response Procedures and Evacuation Diagrams for your facility and then provide Training and Exercises in the Emergency Plan and Emergency Response Procedures. This Code of Practice, as issued by Safe Work Australia, provides a practical guide to complying with the WHS Act and the Work Health and Safety Regulations in your workplace or facility. In practice, this means that providing emergency plans and procedures is just as important in the workplace as the provision of the lunch room, toilet facilities, adequate lighting, outdoor shade and the quality & temperature of the air inside your facility.
Records of the type of training and the personnel who have received this training need to be kept so that readiness for an emergency is held at a sufficient level to protect life safety.
We will assist the EPC with the establishment of an ECO and ensure that the ECO receives all necessary training, as well as assisting with maintaining ECO personnel registers and Emergency Contact lists. Procedures will be developed for each type of emergency that is likely to occur in your workplace. The EPC also ensures that relevant training and exercises in the plans and procedures are provided for the ECO and all occupants of the facility. This includes Fire Safety training, Fire Warden training, Warden training and First Attack Fire Fighting training.
Workplace Emergency Management liase with the EPC and ECO to initiate and assist with the observation, reporting, record keeping, briefing and debriefing of these exercises. This is a regular onsite emergency assessment report (Gap Analysis) that shows the likelihood of an emergency occurring in your workplace. In an evacuation, procedures may need to be developed for the safe and correct shutdown of plant and manufacturing equipment. Instead, they utilize ambient air which is "purified" through a filtering element prior to inhalation. The two main types of positive-pressure respirators are pressure-demand and continuous flow.
This number, which is determined experimentally by measuring facepiece seal and exhalation valve leakage, indicates the relative difference in concentrations of substances outside and inside the facepiece that can be maintained by the respirator. For example, at high temperatures excessive sweat may cause a break in the face-to-facepiece seal. Employers should provide and ensure that employees carry and escape SCBA where such emergency protection may be necessary. Air-purifying respirators selectively remove specific airborne contaminants (particulates, gases, vapors, fumes) from ambient air by filtration, absorption, adsorption, or chemical reactions. Face shape and size can vary considerably throughout the human population, therefore it is important that the correct facepiece that fits that particular worker is found and passes the negative pressure test. Warning properties are essential to safe use of air-purifying respirators since they allow detection of contaminant breakthrough, should it occur. Note that the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) respirator standard (29 CFR Part 1910.134) states that no employee should be assigned to a task that requires the use of a respirator unless it has been determined that the person is physically able to perform under such conditions.
Level A is the most stringent and offers the highest available protection of respiratory, skin and eye protection. One essential aspect of training is to make the user aware of the need for PPE and to instill motivation for the proper use and maintenance of PPE.
We provide ongoing support and assistance with the requirements and obligations that apply to your facility under AS 3745-2010.
Records also need to be kept of inspection, testing and maintenance of all onsite emergency equipment.

Workplace Emergency Management also makes certain that all Reports, Records and Documentation necessary to fulfil compliance obligations are completed and retained for the required time period.
Workplace Emergency Management will work with the EPC to ensure that all obligations and requirements under AS 3745-2010 are met.
As well as Evacuation Exercises, Workplace Emergency Management can conduct exercises in Bomb Threat, Medical, External Threat, Confined Space and Bushfire Emergencies. We will inspect your facility's emergency equipment and check on all aspects of emergency readiness, including the status of emergency personnel (EPC and ECO) and other occupants, as well as any other aspects that could have an effect on life safety. Personal Emergency Evacuation Plans (PEEP) may be required for personnel or occupants that require assistance to evacuate due to physical, intellectual or psychological issues.
In pressure-demand respirators, a pressure regulator and an exhalation valve on the mask maintain the mask's positive pressure except during high breathing rates. Consequently, positive-pressure respirators working at high flow rates may offer less protection than when working at normal rates. At very low temperatures, the exhalation valve and regulator may become ice-clogged due to moisture in the breath and air.
Pressure-demand SARs with escape provisions provide the highest level of protection (among SARs) and are the only SARs recommended for use at hazardous waste sites. All SAR couplings must be incompatible with the outlets of other gas systems used on site to prevent a worker from connecting to an inappropriate compressed gas source (OSHA 29 CFR 1910.134[d]).
They are approved for use in atmospheres containing specific chemicals up to designated concentrations, and not for IDLH atmospheres. Use of a sorbent shall not be allowed when there is reason to suspect that it does not provide adequate sorption efficiency against a specific contaminant.
Once opened, they begin to sorb humidity and air contaminants whether or not they are in use. We will work with the EPC and the key stakeholders to develop the Emergency Plan which documents the systems, strategies, procedures and any other arrangements that pertain to emergency response and emergency management.
These issues can include mobility restrictions, vision or hearing impairment and learning difficulties. If a leak develops in a pressure-demand respirator, the regulator sends a continuous flow of clean air into the facepiece, preventing penetration by contaminated ambient air. This means, theoretically, that workers wearing these respirators should be protected in atmospheres containing chemicals at concentrations that are up to 50 times higher than the appropriate limits. Likewise, a poor facepiece seal - due to such factors as facial hair, missing teeth, scars, lack of or improper fit testing, etc.
Also, SCBAs are bulky and heavy, thus they increase the likelihood of heat stress and may impair movement in confined spaces.
Air-purifying respirators can be used only when the ambient atmosphere contains sufficient oxygen (19.5 percent) (30 CFR Part 1190[a]). In addition, it should be noted that approval testing is performed at a given temperature and over a narrow range of flow rates and relative humidities; thus protection may be compromised in nonstandard conditions.
Their efficiency and service life decreases and there fore they should be used immediately. Overprotection is in itself a unnecessary hazard if adequate protection can be met with a lower level of protection. Specific PEEPs need to be developed for each person who requires assistance in an evacuation. Continuous flow respirators (including some SARs and all powered air-purifying respirators [PAPRs] send a continuous stream of air into the facepiece at all times.
One source of protection factors for various types of atmosphere-supplying (SCBA and SAR) and air-purifying respirators can be found in American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standard ANSI Z88.2-1980. Generally, only workers handling hazardous materials or operating in contaminated zones require SCBAs.
The assembly that has been approved by MSHA and NIOSH to protect against organic vapors is tested against only a single challenge substance, carbon tetrachloride; its effectiveness for protecting against other vapors has not been demonstrated.
Cartridges should be discarded after use but should not be used for longer than one shift or when breakthrough occurs, whichever comes first. There is a tradeoff between protection level and work efficiency, however, employee safety should be the governing issue when the decision to choose protection levels is made. With SARs, the continuous flow of air prevents infiltration by ambient air, but uses the air supply much more rapidly than with pressure-demand respirators. Any cartridges that have been used for short durations only should be stored in a plastic bag to prevent sorption and should not be used longer than the total of one shift. Powered air-purifying respirators [PAPRs] are operated in a positive-pressure continuous-flow mode utilizing filtered ambient air.

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