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September is National Preparedness Month and According to FEMA, 50% of Americans have not discussed or developed an emergency plan with family members about where to go and what to do in the event of a local disaster. For me, the most important plan I need to have in place is HOW TO GET TO MY CHILDREN in the event of an EMERGENCY!
We are just about a week into National Preparedness Month and already a number of informative articles, social media posts, and even contests have been published providing many great ideas and resources for building, or updating, your preparedness plan.
HealthVault helps you gather, store, and share important health information for you and your family by creating an emergency profile. Holders of the Provincial Nuclear Emergency Response Plan Implementing Plan for the Pickering Nuclear Generating Station are responsible for keeping it updated by incorporating amendments, which may be issued from time to time. This public document is administered by the Minister of Community Safety and Correctional Services of Ontario. The Emergency Management and Civil Protection Act (EMCPA) requires and authorizes the formulation of the plan. Procedures : Based on all of the above plans, procedures are developed for the various emergency centres to be set up and for the various operational functions required.
It is necessary that everyone involved in the preparation and implementation of the Provincial Nuclear Emergency Response Plan employ common terminology.
An accident in which the effects, both actual and potential, are expected to be confined within the boundaries of the nuclear facility. An accident in which the effects are so localized that their impact can be satisfactorily dealt with by local emergency response personnel (police, fire, etc.) with possibly some outside technical assistance.
A declaration of a provincial emergency may also be made by the Premier if the urgency of the situation requires that it be made immediately.
The emergency requires immediate action to prevent, reduce or mitigate the dangers posed by the emergency. The Legislative Assembly may by resolution extend the length of an emergency for additional periods of no more than 28 days, for as many times as required. An emergency declaration made by the Premier lapses after 72 hours, unless confirmed by the LGIC. The PNERP Master Plan sets out the principles, concepts, organization, responsibilities, policies, functions and interrelationships, which will govern all nuclear and radiological emergency management in Ontario.
The PNERP Implementing Plans apply the principles, concepts and policies contained in the Master Plan, in order to provide detailed guidance and direction for dealing with a specific nuclear or radiological emergency. Separate response plans have been developed to deal with accidents at the Pickering, Darlington and Bruce Power nuclear generating stations as well as for the Chalk River Laboratories and the Fermi 2 installation in Monroe, Michigan.
This Plan provides generic guidance on dealing with radiological emergencies caused by sources not covered by the other Implementing Plans. Provincial ministries, agencies, boards and commissions shall develop their own plans and procedures to fulfil the responsibilities as outlined in the appendices to Annex I. The emergency plans and procedures of nuclear installations deal with their onsite responsibilities.
This is a plan jointly developed and adopted by the federal governments of Canada and the United States for early notification, coordination of activities and provision of mutual assistance between the two countries in the event of a nuclear or radiological emergency in North America with transboundary implications. Health Canada administers the Federal Nuclear Emergency Plan (FNEP), which can be activated to manage and coordinate federal response activities for a nuclear emergency requiring a multi-jurisdictional or multi-departmental off-site response. The Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC), an independent agency of the Government of Canada, is the national regulator for the nuclear industry in Canada which includes any actions taken in response to the radiological or nuclear aspects of an emergency. In the event of a nuclear emergency, the federal government will liaise with the provinces and territories as well as with neighbouring countries and the international community as outlined in Appendix 19 to Annex I. The regulation of nuclear energy has been deemed to be a matter of national concern that goes beyond local or provincial interests.
The province has exclusive jurisdiction for matters of property and civil rights in the province and for all matters that affect the public health, safety and environment of the province. Pursuant to section 6, the federal Governor in Council can declare a public welfare emergency, which includes an emergency caused by a real or imminent accident, pollution resulting in danger to life or property, social disruption or breakdown in the flow of essential goods and services, so serious as to be a national emergency. Pursuant to section 14, the Governor in Council must consult the provinces that are affected by the emergency before issuing a declaration of public welfare emergency. Pursuant to section 8, while a declaration of a public welfare emergency is in effect, the Governor in Council may make necessary orders or regulations that are necessary to deal with the emergency.
This act assigns responsibility to the Minister of Public Safety for the coordination of emergency management activities including the development and implementation of federal civil emergency plans in cooperation with other levels of government and the private sector. The Commission is given exceptional powers including the power to make any order in an emergency that it considers necessary to protect the environment or the health and safety of persons or to maintain national security and compliance with Canada’s international obligations.
Compensation to third parties for injury or damage caused by a nuclear incident, as defined in the Nuclear Liability and Compensation Act, would be assessed and paid under the provisions of this Act. This legislation governs the transportation of dangerous goods (including radioactive goods) and the accidental release of ionizing radiation exceeding limits established by the Nuclear Safety and Control Act. The provincial government has jurisdiction over public health and safety, property and the environment within its borders.
The legislative authority for emergency management, planning and response for Ontario is the Emergency Management and Civil Protection Act (EMCPA). The PNERP is formulated by the Lieutenant Governor in Council (LGIC) under section 8 of the EMCPA.
The LGIC assigns responsibilities for formulating emergency plans in respect of specific types of emergencies to ministers (section 6 of the EMCPA). Pursuant to section 3 (4) of the EMCPA, the designated municipalities shall formulate plans to deal with the off-site consequences of nuclear emergencies caused by the corresponding nuclear installation (Annex A). These plans should also contain, where applicable, arrangements for the provision of services and assistance by county departments, local police services, fire services, EMS, hospitals and local boards.
As required by section 8 of the EMCPA, municipal nuclear emergency response plans shall conform to the PNERP and be subject to the approval of the Solicitor General (this function is fulfilled by the Minister of Community Safety and Correctional Services). As required by section 5 of the EMCPA, plans of lower-tier municipalities shall conform to the plans of their upper tier municipality. Pursuant to sections 2(3) and 3(4) of the EMCPA, every municipality, in developing their emergency management program, must identify and assess the various hazards and risks to public safety that could give rise to emergencies.
Where the upper tier municipality is not the designated municipality under this PNERP it may, with the consent of its designated municipalities, coordinate the nuclear emergency plans for those municipalities.
In the event of a declared emergency, the LGIC or the Premier may order a municipality to provide support or assistance to designated municipalities or to affected municipalities. Support and assistance may include, but shall not be limited to, personnel, equipment, services and material. The responsibilities of provincial ministries, municipalities, federal departments and organizations, nuclear installations and their operators for nuclear emergency response and for the purposes of implementing this plan, are given in Annex I. The Province shall support and coordinate the response to the off-site consequences of a nuclear emergency and may, where warranted and appropriate, issue operational directives and, emergency orders (in the event of a declared emergency) under the EMCPA.
Even though nuclear facilities are designed and operated according to stringent safety standards, emergency preparedness and response must operate on the basis that mechanical failure, human error, extreme natural events or hostile action can lead to nuclear or radiological emergencies. All plans should be so devised as to be able to deal effectively with a broad range of possible emergencies.
An appropriate balance should be struck between risk and cost when assessing the level of emergency preparedness required.
Exposure to radiation should be kept as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA) within the context of the risks and costs of such avoidance. As much preparedness as is practicable should be done in advance to enable a rapid, effective and efficient response to a nuclear or radiological emergency. Preparedness should include a program of public education for people who might be affected, to inform them of plans, and to help them cope with a nuclear emergency.
As far as is practicable, operational measures (especially alerting and notification systems) and protective measures should be devised and implemented to avoid significant radiation exposure. A policy of truth and openness should be followed in providing information to the public and media during a nuclear or radiological emergency.
Remaining indoors with doors and windows closed and external ventilation turned off or reduced. Measures which protect against external contamination and radiation exposure (as a result of a radioactive cloud or plume or deposited contamination).
Measures which protect the food chain from radioactive contamination, and prevent the ingestion of contaminated food and water.
Banning consumption and export of locally produced milk, meat, produce, and milk-and meat-producing animals. The main challenge that Ontario faces in this area would arise from an emergency at a nuclear installation4.

Taking the above into consideration, as well as the various types of nuclear accidents that could potentially occur in Ontario, a basic offsite effect has been selected to serve as the main basis for nuclear emergency management.
Detailed planning and preparedness shall be carried out in Ontario for dealing effectively with the basic offsite effect of a nuclear installation accident. An accident or event could occur which could result in a more severe offsite effect, though the probability of such an occurrence is very low.
Detailed planning and preparedness will establish an effective basis to deal with an emergency caused by any type of nuclear installation accident. The zone around the nuclear installation within which detailed planning and preparedness shall be carried out for measures against exposure to a radioactive plume.
A larger zone within which it is necessary to plan and prepare measures to prevent ingestion of radioactive material. Corporate regulatory compliance can be a complex puzzle and challenging effort for industrial facilities that are subject to hundreds of constantly changing federal, state, and local requirements. Utilize database tools to assign compliance tasks, frequencies, due dates, and persons responsible.
Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasure (SPCC) and Facility Response Plan (FRP) inspections are conducted to fulfill the Oil Pollution Prevention Regulation of the Clean Water Act as amended by the Oil Pollution Act of 1990.
To ensure that oil storage facilities, refineries, electrical utilities, and oil production fields, among other subject industries, are in compliance with 40 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) part 112. Regional EPA representative(s) conduct both announced and unannounced inspections at facilities.
The EPA has requested $34.4 million of its total budget to be allocated to continue to focus on issues included in the Energy Policy Act of 2005. Leaks, or releases, from underground storage tanks (UST) continue to pose a serious threat to the environment and to public health. Ensuring that tank owners and operators are complying with notification and other requirements. Requiring secondary containment or financial responsibility for tank manufacturers and installers. According to the EPA’s semi-annual report of UST Performance Measures Mid fiscal year 2010, 491,572 releases have been reported since the beginning of the monitoring program in 1984.
The new rules directly regulate vessels carrying oil in bulk and marine transportation related (MTR) oil facilities that are required to have an oil response plan under the current Vessel Response Plan rules. 155.235 Emergency towing capability for oil tankers- An emergency towing arrangement shall be fitted at both ends on board all oil tankers of not less than 20,000 deadweight tons (dwt), constructed on or after September 30, 1997. 155.1050 Response plan development and evaluation criteria for vessels carrying groups I through IV petroleum oil as a primary cargo.
Affected plan holders should review the final rules and take all necessary measures to ensure that an updated response plans are submitted by February 22, 2011 and in compliance. The rule applies to pre-approved areas only, not areas designated for quick approval of dispersant use.
The new regulations will affect facility response plans, vessel response plans, and dock operations manuals. Plan holders to offset their mechanical recovery equipment inventory by as much as 25% in exchange for including dispersants in the response plans. Pre-authorization agreements indicate that dispersant use may be appropriate and will be approved for use in a spill incident meeting certain predetermined criteria that may occur in the covered area. Regulations were modified to clarify that plan holders should plan to have aerial tracking capabilities available to support response operations for entire daily operational periods. Each mechanical loading arm used for transferring oil or hazardous material and placed into service after June 30, 1973, must meet the design, fabrication, material, inspection, and testing requirements in ANSI B31.3. All welding or hot work conducted on or at the facility is the responsibility of the facility operator. Vapor collection system piping and fittings must be in accordance with ANSI B31.3 and designed for a maximum allowable working pressure of at least 150 psig.
Under Appendix C to Part 154: The guidelines for determining daily application capacities for dispersant response systems, evaluating the high-rate required response methods, and calculating cumulative dispersant application capacity has been updated. In addition to the equipment and supplies required, a facility owner or operator must identify a source of support to conduct the monitoring and post-use effectiveness evaluation required by applicable regional plans and Area Contingency Plans. Identification of the resources for dispersant application does not imply that the use of this technique will be authorized. The Coast Guard is also revising the compliance date for updates to vessel response plans required by the Salvage and Marine Firefighting final rule published Dec.
Here you can manage and track your family’s medical contacts, allergies, medication, immunizations, and health conditions.
The Major Organization Plans (as per Figure I on page ii) should be consistent with the requirements under these implementing plans. These plans are based on, and should be consistent with the PNERP and with the Provincial Implementing Plans. The terminology contained in the Glossary, Annex K, should be used for this purpose by all concerned.
In a nuclear emergency, therefore, the Province will take the leading role in managing the off-site response.
The Province may issue operational directives1 and emergency orders (in the event of a declared emergency), where warranted and appropriate, as further detailed in this Plan. Such a hazard will usually be caused by an accident, malfunction, or loss of control involving radioactive material.
It is not possible, without the risk of serious delay, to ascertain whether the resources normally available can be relied upon. This declaration can be renewed for one further period of 14 days, as long as it meets the test of the declared emergency. These are combined in one document since many of the features will be the same for all such potential emergencies. It would be applicable to accidents at nuclear establishments, transportation (of radioactive goods) accidents, satellite (containing radioactive material) re-entry, radiological dispersal devices (RDD), radiological devices (RD) and nuclear weapon detonation. Pursuant to sections 3 and 8 of the EMCPA, municipal nuclear emergency response plans prepared by the designated municipalities in respect of nuclear installation emergencies (Annex A) shall conform to this PNERP and, shall address the agreed-to responsibilities outlined in Appendices 15 and 16 to Annex I. Municipalities in close proximity to, or with nuclear establishments within their boundaries should include, in their emergency response plans, the measures they may need to take to deal with a radiological accident. Other municipalities which have a radiological incident identified as one of their potential risks within their Hazard Identification & Risk Assessment should include, within their municipal emergency response plans, the measures they may be required to undertake to deal with such an emergency (see PNERP Implementing Plan for Other Radiological Emergencies).
All municipal emergency response plans should provide for the development of plans and procedures involving local boards (defined pursuant to the Municipal Act, 2001, S.O. They should also include the measures required to discharge offsite responsibilities in accordance with the Nuclear Safety and Control Act and Regulations and with the responsibilities outlined in Appendix 13 to Annex I. This plan contains an Ontario Annex, which provides for liaison with Ontario, the provision of federal assistance, and provisions for obtaining international assistance, should any be requested by Ontario. In the event of a radiological or nuclear emergency, the CNSC will monitor and evaluate the on-site response of the licensee, or in the case of an event with no identified licensee, the CNSC will oversee and regulate the response activities of the responding organizations to ensure compliance with the Nuclear Safety and Control Act and Regulations, and ensure the health, safety and security of the response staff, the public and the environment, as well as maintain compliance with Canada’s international obligations.
The federal government will also manage nuclear liability issues and coordinate Canada’s response, should Canadians be affected by a nuclear emergency in a foreign country.
Therefore, the federal government maintains exclusive jurisdiction over the regulation of nuclear energy in Canada. However, where the emergency is confined to one province, the Governor in Council may only issue a declaration of public welfare emergency or take other steps when the Lieutenant Governor of the province has indicated to the federal Governor in Council that the emergency exceeds the capacity of the province to deal with it. The orders or regulations made by the Governor in Council should not unduly impair the ability of the province to take measures, under provincial legislation, for dealing with the emergency.
Federal authorities also coordinate or support the provision of assistance to a province during or after a provincial emergency. Once a provincial declaration of emergency has been made (see section 1.3 above), the LGIC has the power to make emergency orders and may delegate these powers to a Minister or to the Commissioner of Emergency Management (CEM)2.
Emergency orders are made only if they are necessary and essential, and they would alleviate harm and damage and are a reasonable alternative to other measures. Emergency orders must only apply to those areas where they are necessary and should be in effect only for as long as necessary.
During an emergency, the Premier or a minister (delegated) is required to regularly report to the public with respect to the emergency. The Premier is required to submit a report in respect of the emergency to the Assembly within 120 days following the termination of the emergency.
Pursuant to section 11(1) of the EMCPA, Ministers of the Crown, Crown employees, members of municipal councils and municipal employees are protected from personal liability for doing any act done in good faith under the Act or pursuant to an Order made under the Act.

Emergency plans authorize crown and municipal employees to take action under those plans where an emergency exists but has not yet been declared to exist (section 9 of the EMCPA).
In the case of those assigned to a position, implementation should also be the responsibility of any substitute, alternate or the person next in line of authority if the permanent incumbent of that position is absent or otherwise unable to take the necessary action.
In addition to the obligation of Cabinet to formulate this plan, nuclear and radiological emergencies are assigned to the Minister of Community Safety & Correctional Services. Pursuant to section 3(4) of the EMCPA, municipalities have been designated to prepare plans in respect of nuclear emergencies.
Appendices 15 & 16 to Annex I address the main responsibilities of the designated municipalities. Municipalities in close proximity to, or with nuclear establishments within their boundaries, should include in their emergency response plans the measures they may need to take to deal with the off-site consequences of a radiological accident. Other municipalities which have a radiological incident identified as one of their potential risks, within their Hazard Identification & Risk Assessment (pursuant to Section 2 (3) of the EMCPA), should include, within their municipal emergency response plans, the measures they may need to undertake to deal with such an emergency (see PNERP Implementing Plan for Other Radiological Emergencies). The Solicitor General may make such alterations as considered necessary for the purpose of coordinating the plan with the Province’s plan. Where a municipality identifies radiological risks (as per PNERP Implementing Plan for Other Radiological Emergencies), the emergency plan for that municipality must include provisions to deal with such an emergency. Once radioactive material enters the body, internal contamination decreases in accordance with the radioactive decay and biological elimination of such material. If there is a risk of radioiodine entering the body, the thyroid’s capacity to absorb it can be reduced or eliminated by taking a compound of stable iodine before, or even shortly after, the radioiodine enters the body. However, because resources are not available to make full preparations for dealing with all possible events, a judicious choice must be made to select the optimum basis for emergency management. Formal risk analysis of nuclear reactor accidents shows that there is generally an inverse relationship between the probability of occurrence of an accident and the severity of its likely consequences. The main hazard to people would be from external exposure to, and inhalation of radionuclides. The aim of this is to ensure, to the extent possible, that no person offsite will be exposed to intolerable levels5 of radiation as a result of such an accident. Radiation doses could be high (greater than 250 mSv [25 rem] for the most exposed person at the facility boundary). Environmental contamination could be quantitatively significant in both extent and duration.
This requires planning and preparedness to enable detection and assessment of environmental contamination, protection of the food chain from contamination, and prevention of the ingestion of contaminated food and water. Priority evacuations, if necessary, shall be undertaken within this area because of its proximity to the source of the potential hazard.
Companies must track and document actions items required for compliance and maintain vigilance for new requirements.
The use of Excel spreadsheets is a common way to manage these requirements and may be effective for small operations.
The EPA has conducted such inspections since 1973 in an effort to minimize oil spills from reaching our nation’s waters.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) representatives the opportunity to educate owners and operators about the regulations and ways to ensure compliance. A copy of the facility’s SPCC Plan should be available for inspector(s) to review at all times. Observations are discussed with those accompanying personnel who are familiar with your facility’s SPCC measures, diversionary structures, and standard operating procedures. Coast Guard’s new regulations to improve pollution-response preparedness for vessels carrying or handling oil upon the navigable waters of the United States goes into effect February 22, 2011. For oil tankers constructed before September 30, 1997, such an arrangement shall be fitted at the first scheduled dry-docking, but not later than January 1, 1999. All resource providers and resources must be available by contract or other approved means. This continuing evaluation is part of the Coast Guard's long-term commitment to achieving and maintaining an optimum mix of oil spill response capability across the full spectrum of response modes. For a vessel that carries multiple groups of oil, the required effective daily recovery capacity for each group is calculated and summed before applying the cap.
When planning for the cumulative application capacity that is required, the calculations should account for the loss of some oil to the environment due to natural dissipation causes (primarily evaporation). Coast Guard’s new regulations to improve pollution-response preparedness for facilities carrying or handling oil upon the navigable waters of the United States goes into effect February 22, 2011.
If you have an existing approved facility response plan, you must have your plan updated and submitted to the Coast Guard by February 22, 2011. The new rules directly regulate marine transportation related (MTR) oil facilities that are required to have an oil response plan under the current Facility Response Plan rules.
The regulations will ensure that the dispersant equipment and materials are available, and that the cost of maintaining those resources is shared equitably among all potential private sector users. As operations are not routinely conducted during darkness, these operational periods will be less than 10 hours per day when there is less than 10 hours of daylight, and longer than 10 hours when there is more than 10 hours of daylight.
The COTP may require that the operator of the facility notify the COTP before any welding or hot work operations are conducted. Actual authorization for use during a spill response will be governed by the provisions of the National Oil and Hazardous Substances Contingency Plan (40 CFR part 300) and the applicable Local or Area Contingency Plan.
Through the site your medical providers can securely log in and see a full picture of your history and medical needs. Such action will be taken in order to protect public health and safety and the environment. In either case, the CNSC will implement the CNSC Emergency Response Plan CAN2-1 November 2001. Assistance could include financial assistance where the emergency has been declared to be of concern to the federal government and the province has requested assistance. If the Assembly is not in session at that time, the Premier is required to submit a report within 7 days of the Assembly reconvening.
The planning basis selected must strike an appropriate balance in considering these two factors.
However, larger operations must use an effective relational database to ensure that compliance can be managed on an enterprise level.
Any other relevant documentation of your operating procedures, spill prevention measures, personnel training, inspection procedures, drainage discharges, and spill incidents should be provided to inspector(s), as well as, site plans for tankage, diversionary structures, and drainage patterns.
By having key individuals present, questions can be answered by both parties and ensure that correct information is provided. 109-58 (EPAct) imposed several responsibilities and regulatory requirements on the individual states.
Instead of detailed equipment lists, plan holders can reference OSROs that provide dispersants if USCG classified and whose availability has been ensured by contract or other approved means. As best available technology demonstrates a need to evaluate or change mechanical recovery capacities, a review of cap increases and other requirements contained within this subpart may be performed. Any welding or hot work operations conducted on or at the facility must be conducted in accordance with NFPA 51B. It’s important to make a plan now so that you will know what to do, how to find each other, and how to communicate in an emergency. 25) and police services operating in the area to provide necessary support and assistance required by such plans, or that which may be needed in an emergency.
The inspection and evaluation may be summarized in a letter or a more detailed report containing photographs. Section 1523 of the Act imposed one of the most significant new requirements: States must inspect all regulated underground storage tanks (USTs) every three years.
The 2011 allocated budget will continue to allow the EPA to monitor underground storage tanks. An individual plan holder may choose to plan more precisely, based on actual length of daylight operational periods. The current edition of this plan supersedes and replaces all older versions which should be destroyed. Vessels operating on open waters of the Great Lakes will be required to maintain these capabilities.

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