Emergency response communications protocols,survival skills during disaster ppt slides,national geographic programs watch online 2014 - PDF Review

This question is for testing whether you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. At the annual meeting of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence last weekend, researchers at MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) presented a new way of modeling robot collaboration that reduces the need for communication by 60 percent. The work could have also have implications for multirobot collaborations that don’t involve humans.
In a multiagent system — the computer science term for any collaboration among autonomous agents, electronic or otherwise — each agent must maintain a model of the current state of the world, as well as a model of what each of the other agents takes to be the state of the world. In some scenarios, a robot’s decision to broadcast a new item of information could force its fellows to update their models and churn through all those probabilities again. The state-of-the-art method for modeling multiagent systems is called a decentralized partially observable Markov decision process, or Dec-POMDP. Dec-POMDPs generally assume some prior knowledge about the environment in which the agents will be operating. Adding the requirement of mapping the environment on the fly, however, makes the problem of computing a multiagent plan prohibitively time consuming. The researchers tested their system on more than 300 computer simulations of rescue tasks in unfamiliar environments.
In a separate research project, members of Shah’s group have asked teams of human subjects to execute similar virtual rescue missions that computer systems did in the experiments reported in the new paper. Kayyem has spent over 15 years managing complex policy initiatives and organizing government responses to major crises in both state and federal government. Are you signed up to attend the #911Summit's panel discussion "Addressing the Heroin and Synthetic Drug Epidemics"? Rave Mobile Safety’s mission is to create innovative data and communication software that public safety agencies trust to help them save lives. Receive insightful product information, industry news, and invites to collaborative product sessions and webinars. It is important for public safety agencies (such as law enforcement, emergency medical services, and fire services) to be able to provide and maintain communications before, during, and after a disaster or emergency.Disasters may require resources beyond what local and state authorities can manage. FEMA's Denver Mobile Emergency Response Support (MERS) provides emergency communications support to the Urban Search and Rescue Incident Support Team White at the Boulder Municipal Airport.


16, 2013 -- FEMA's Urban Search and Rescue teams plan door to door checks in Left Hand Canyon. They believe that their model could make it easier to design systems that enable humans and robots to work together — in, for example, emergency-response teams. Communication consumes some power, which is always a consideration in battery-powered devices, but in some circumstances, the cost of processing new information could be a much more severe resource drain. These days, agents are also expected to factor in the probabilities that their models are accurate.
If the information is inessential, broadcasting it could introduce serious delays, to no purpose. A Dec-POMDP factors in several types of uncertainty; not only does it consider whether an agent’s view of the world is correct and whether its estimate of its fellows’ worldviews is correct, it also considers whether any action it takes will be successful. Because Shah and Vaibhav Unhelkar, a graduate student in aeronautics and astronautics and first author on the new paper, were designing a system with emergency-response applications in mind, they couldn’t make that assumption. So Shah and Unhelkar’s system ignores uncertainty about actions’ effectiveness and assumes that whatever an agent attempts to do, it will do. A version of their system that permitted extensive communication completed the tasks at a rate between 2 and 10 percent higher than the version that reduced communication by 60 percent. Using machine-learning algorithms, the researchers have mined the results for statistics on human communication patterns, which can be incorporated into the new model to more explicitly accommodate human-robot teams. Department of Homeland Security, gives a powerful speech at the 2015 Emergency Communications and Response Summit hosted by Rave Mobile Safety. Most recently, she was President Obama’s Assistant Secretary for Intergovernmental Affairs at the Department of Homeland Security. Rave connects millions to those they trust to protect them, by providing safety officials with innovative tools to prepare better, respond faster, and communicate more effectively during emergencies. We provide disaster emergency communications through six geographically dispersed Mobile Emergency Response Support detachments and a pre-positioned fleet of Mobile Communications Office Vehicles.All personnel, systems, and equipment can be driven or airlifted by a military cargo aircraft. On the basis of those probabilities, they have to decide whether or not to modify their behaviors.
And the MIT researchers’ work suggests that 60 percent of communications in multiagent systems may be inessential.


The robot may plan, for instance, to move forward 20 feet but find that crosswinds blow it off course. Emergency-response teams will usually be entering unfamiliar environments, and the very nature of the emergency could render the best prior information obsolete.
But if an agent incorporates new information into its own model of the world and doesn’t broadcast it, it also incurs a cost, as its worldview becomes more difficult for its fellows to estimate correctly.
Recognized for her contributions both in government and as a journalist and commentator, Kayyem will challenge our nation’s focus for preparing for and responding to terrorist attacks and other disasters.
The amount of time it takes for an asset to arrive on site depends on the distance to the disaster location and the availability of the airlift.Mobile Emergency Response SupportMobile Emergency Response Support provides self-sustaining telecommunications, logistics, and operations support through detachments (staff, equipment, and equipment assets) that are immediately deployable. For every new item of information an agent acquires, Shah and Unhelkar’s system performs that cost-benefit analysis, based on the agent’s model of the world, its expectations of its fellows’ actions, and the likelihood of accomplishing the joint goal more efficiently.
These detachments can be transported nationally and are able to work together to support a large disaster field office and multiple field operating sites within the disaster area. 15, 2013 -- The small mountain town of 300 has been cut off because of Boulder County flood. These vehicles are fitted with work stations and satellite communications to provide voice and data connectivity to the FEMA network to support survivors.Mobile Communications Office Vehicle During initial deployment, Mobile Communications Office Vehicles are guided by operational coordination, control, and communications requirements received from on-scene emergency management personnel. This includes the following personnel and teams:Three Disaster Survivor Assistance Teams going into impacted communities to assist disaster survivors with immediate needs and registering them for assistance. 14, 2013 -- FEMA Urban Search and Rescue Incident Support Team White sets up a base of operations at the Boulder Municipal Airport. Several Urban Search and Rescue teams are supporting the local response to flooding across Colorado.



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