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Since our inception following the Gujarat earthquake of 2001, AIF has been invested in relief and rehabilitation efforts in response to major national disasters in India, including rehabilitating communities in Tamil Nadu and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands following the 2004 tsunami and in Kashmir following the 2005 earthquake. The Uttarakhand Relief Fund will utilize a similar model to the rehabilitation campaign undertaken during the Gujarat earthquake in 2001, the tragic event which gave birth to AIF. Please consider making a donation today to the Uttarakhand Relief Fund to rebuild the foundation and heal communities and their families. In the wake of the “Himalayan Tsunami”, where unprecedented floods have created a major disaster in Uttarakhand state of India, many thousand people are missing and presumed dead, towns have been obliterated, and nearly every manmade structure including significant famous pilgrimage sites have been destroyed or damaged.
While natural disasters are inherently environmental, the pace and carelessness of human development in recent decades in this isolated, hilly state magnified the worst disaster in India since the 2004 tsunami.
In this context, ICHARM will vigorously carry out these listed priority activities during the next biennium. KnowledgeHubs, developed under the framework of the Asia-Pacii¬?c Water Forum (APWF), is a network of centers committed to improve water security in the Asia-Pacii¬?c region by promoting knowledge sharing and championing feasible solutions. IFI SecretariatICHARM is serving as the Secretariat for the International Flood Initiative (IFI).
Capacity DevelopmentTo cope with major water-related disasters, it is important to train individual members of disaster management organizations.
Development and Dissemination of IFASAreas where many people are affected by flooding are desperately in need for flood forecasting technology for early evacuation. IFAS is designed to easily create a run-off analysis model by using topographic data and land use data all over the world. In FY2010, the system was further upgraded with several additional functions such as automatically downloading satellite rainfall data, importing external data, executing run-off analysis and sending a flood alert.
In recent years, ICHARM has started providing its expertise in practical technical assistance projects in cooperation with other organizations. ICHARM will be further upgrading IFAS based on problems found through the projects and feedback from training participants.
ICHARM is working on a collaborative project with ADB to implement a flood early warning system based on IFAS in Indonesia's Bengawan Solo River basin. The following components have been developed in this research project: 1) a simple statistical bias correction method for the precipitation output of the super high-resolution Atmospheric General Circulation Model of the Meteorological Research Institute of Japan (MRI-AGCM), 2) a global streamflow network as the basis for global hydrological simulation and hazard analysis, 3) a hydrological (BTOP) model applicable to any river basin in the world, and 4) a new flood risk assessment method based on globally-available extreme river discharge (with the global BTOP model), geophysical and social data. Partnership with WWAPSince even before its official establishment, ICHARM has contributed to the World Water Assessment Programme (WWAP), an UNESCO effort to address global water issues with other UN water organizations. Basin scale water- and material-cycle modelingThe Water and Energy Transfer Processes (WEP) was originally developed as a basin scale hydrologic simulation model. Since application of conventional frequency analysis techniques is disputable under changing climate due to global warming, ICHARM has been developing a new method for hydrological data analysis.ess of flood-risk reduction measures.
Contribution to IRDRIn response to the urgent need to reduce the impacts of natural disasters, the International Council for Science (ICSU) launched the Integrated Research on Disaster Risk (IRDR) in October 2008, co-sponsored by the International Social Science Council (ISSC) and the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR). The IRDR programme is designed to bring together the interdisciplinary talents of the natural, social, health and engineering sciences from around the world to understand the impact of disasters on regional and global scales.

ICHARM is expected to make contribution to the programme, representing countries which have achieved economic success despite being hit by frequent natural disasters. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. UN spokesperson Eduardo del Buey told reporters yesterday in New York that the UN Disaster Management Team is monitoring the situation through its field offices. AIF’s multi-phased approach to disaster relief begins with immediate aid, followed by reconstruction and long-term rehabilitation of communities. Working together AIF and UMA are undertaking due diligence to identify the highest-performing NGOs with whom to provide funds and materials in a timely, efficient, effective, and transparent manner. The volume of loss and those missing is still in a state of speculation due to the extreme havoc wreaked in this disaster. Construction of roads and hotels on fragile river banks as well as hydroelectric projects in watersheds have contributed to a higher number of landslides and flooding. IFI is a framework to promote collaboration on flood management among related international organizations such as UNESCO, WMO, UNU and UNISDR. Equally important is organizational capacity development because there is a limit to what each individual can do. However, flood analysis is often difficult in such areas due to insufficient hydrological data. In flood-vulnerable areas, it is often difficult to download large data at once due to a limited internet environment, and an attempt to do so may even interrupt daily work. IFAS projects are typical in that sense where ICHARM offers training for local engineers about the system and assists them in implementing it over local rivers. In addition to the warning system implementation, the centre is also providing practical training to develop local engineersa€™ capacity to cope with water-related disasters. All these components will be compiled to assess the effect of climate change on flood risk over the globe and specific vulnerable areas. For instance, ICHARM has worked together with WWAP in production of the World Water Development Reports (WWDR), other major reports, case studies and side-publications. The project aims to help prepare and implement flood management projects through knowledge and capacity development services that will reduce vulnerability to water-related disasters with national- and regional- level assistance. 2011, Tsukuba-Japan)ICHARM is the main organizer of the International Conference on Flood Management (ICFM5) and, as a member of the ICFM ad-hoc committee, provides online archive services for the past ICFM conferences.
Responding to the necessity of the basin scale management on nutrient materials, the WEP model has been modified into a basin-scale hydrologic and material cycle model by adding simulation components for dissolved and particulate nitrogen and phosphorous. The system includes not only an algorithm for obtaining measured values but also peripheral devices such as a tethered ADCP platform GPS application, and carriage. It is an international research programme on natural disasters that addresses a compelling question facing todaya€™s scientists: Why, despite advances in the natural and social science of hazards and disasters, do losses continue to increase? It also aims to help make practical risk-reduction decisions based on scientific evidence and put them into practice in cooperation with administrative organizations.

To identify long-term solutions to improve the lives of people affected by disaster, AIF works closely with NGO partners and fill gaps in the efforts of government agencies and large international organizations.
By some accounts, up to one million people have been directly and indirectly affected – impacting people as far away as Nepal. While the relief efforts of India’s army and organizations are to be commended, much more is needed.
IFI focuses on research, information networking, education and training, community empowerment and technical assistance and guidance for Integrated Flood Management. Well aware of that fact, ICHARM provides training programs hoping to help improve individual problem-solving capacity and organizational coping capacity.
Hoping to provide an alternative solution, ICHARM has jointly developed the Integrated Flood Analysis System (IFAS) with the Infrastructure Development Institute and civil engineering companies to help predict the time and scale of flooding and reduce its damage by promoting safe evacuation. The new functions were added to avoid those problems by automatically collecting data and conducting calculation on a regular basis so that run-off analysis and flood forecasting and warning will be possible even in areas with limited internet access without creating a large network load.
ICHARM will further advance this project to improve the early warning system at the Bengawan Solo River office of Indonesiaa€™s Public Works Ministry.
It is beneficial for all sectors and groups in the water community, including the general public, governments at all levels, and especially developing nations. The model has been applied to several river basins in Japan, and its applicability has been confirmed towards general use. It has been applied to different rivers and its applicability has been confirmed even in severe hydraulic conditions. In the state of Uttarakhand, rising river levels have resulted in the collapse of buildings and bridges. AIF remains alert, responsive, and committed to providing long-term rehabilitation of communities in the unfortunate event of future emergencies. As the Secretariat, ICHARM organizes annual IFI advisory and management committee meetings, hosts and operates the IFI website, drafts IFI activity reports, and promotes discussions among IFI partners on flood-related topics, as well as some other services. With IFAS alone, it is possible to conduct a series of tasks necessary for flood forecasting including data acquisition, model creation, run-off calculation and result display. ICHARM is hoping that, in the near future, they will eventually be able to independently collect data and carry out calculation with IFAS, develop and maintain a flood forecasting and warning system, and continue improving their technical capabilities. This ICHARM-ADB joint project will implement different types of national- and regional- level intervention mainly through application of the Integrated Flood Analysis System (IFAS) to the Solo River basin in Indonesia, pilot implementation of community-based flood management approaches in Indonesia, technical review of the existing early warning system and recomendation of most feasible interventions in Bangladesh, development of flood vulnerability indices in the Lower Mekong Basin, and capacity development through practical training and knowledge-sharing programs for target as well as other countries in the region. A large number of people are trapped around the holy town of Kedarnath, located in a valley.
Flooding has also affected other parts of India, including Haryana, Mumbai, New Delhi and Pune.

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