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This country book focusing on the Thailand is intended to be a reference for individuals deploying to conduct disaster preparedness engagements or disaster response operations in the Thailand, but it is not meant to be a checklist or manual for all disaster response operations. Thailand is less vulnerable to natural hazards than many countries in the Asia-Pacific region. In 2004, the Indian Ocean earthquake off the Java coast in Indonesia generated a tsunami which impacted six of Thailand’s Andaman coastal provinces in the south. The country has reinforced their disaster management structure with the proclamation of the Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Act (DPMA) 2007. For the past 25 years, the Thai-Burma border has been home to nine official camps which house 150,000 Burmese refugees.
After the May 2014 coup, the newly installed military government appointed a committee to draft a new constitution. In 2015, ReliefWeb covered 88 natural disasters, with the Nepal earthquakes the most significant. Frequently Asked Questions - Get answers to common problems and learn more about ReliefWeb. Across the country, thousands each year are affected by large-scale disasters, from wildfires to floods to hurricanes. While most disasters are impossible to predict, you can plan for them and reduce disruptions in your services to youth and families.
This manual teaches the “Ps and Rs” (prevention and preparedness, response, and recovery) of disaster planning. Understanding the demographics of the young people you serve will help you begin to understand the unique needs of your disaster plan. Are you running a single shelter, or are the young people you serve scattered across numerous sites around the community? Adequate disaster planning requires that you stockpile supplies for emergencies that require either an extended period of sheltering in place or an evacuation. While building evacuations will be handled on a site-by-site basis, local and regional evacuations raise additional questions.In the event of a local evacuation, consider the following:If one site is affected by a disaster, could you relocate youth to another of your sites?If the answer is yes, is each site prepared to handle a short-term influx of youth from another site? To effectively plan for a disaster, you must develop individualized response plans for those disasters most likely to affect your facility. All the preparation in the world will not matter if you do not also plan out the specific course of action you will take when a disaster strikes. Poster Competition for Students on “Home Safety & Local Preparedness for Disaster Risk Reduction”October 8 is celebrated as National Disaster Reduction day.
Apart from important policies related to school safety and child welfare in disaster situations, this issue also consists of the experiences and lessons learnt by organizations that are involved with school safety campaign in India and beyond. So much is said about future of cities and yet city planning is not done by those who have a long future: children. AIDMI conducted a track on "School Disaster Preparedness" in the five day long Emergency Management Exercise in Silchar City scheduled from November 25–29, 2013.
A total of 74 school teachers from key schools of Cachar district participated in the training on School Disaster Preparedness on November 25, 2013. This issue covers articles on Promoting Child Rights and Child-Centered Disaster Risk Reduction in India.
The ideas and insights are of use to those who work on local projects and those who advocate rights of children to safety in international policy events such as ADB’s 46th Annual meeting in Delhi or Global Thematic Consultations on Disaster Risk Reduction and the Post 2015 Development Agenda.
In many ways the insights reinforce what is now being documented by Tsunami and Disaster Mitigation Research Centre (TDMRC) of Ache in Indonesia. The Preface is written by Margarita Tileva, Chief Emergency, UNICEF India; contribution from Mihir R. Institute (AIDMI) at Goalpara and Darrang Districts of Assam from 11-13th October 2012. Sensitization Workshop on National School Safety Programme, Port Blair was organized on August 30, 2012 by Directorate of Disaster Mitigation, Department of Education and West Bengal Voluntary Health Association with contributions of All India Disaster Mitigation Institute. What is the All India Disaster Mitigation Institute's (AIDMI) experience of youth in reducing disaster risks? The reality of this situation clearly emphasizes the need to promote actions for risk reduction which can hinder without building DRR education in youth.
It is our younger generation who will find solutions to the risks that have been created over the past two centuries. Mobilizing youth to play key roles in practical community based actions for DRR and Climate Change Adaptation. The research team conducted extensive research and analysis on existing Thai plans, policies, and capabilities related to disaster management and risk reduction. Impacts from flooding vary throughout the country, but the entire country experiences flood damage each year.
Although tsunamis are rare in Thailand, this incident shows they are capable of landfall and causing damage to the country. Many of these people have fled over the northern Thailand border from Burma with the hopes of obtaining political refugee status, but they have been denied and confined to live in districts with very little rights.
Disasters can also occur on a smaller scale, caused by everyday events such as power outages, kitchen fires, or burst water mains.
It includes worksheets and checklists to guide you step by step through the process of creating an emergency-preparedness plan for your youth-serving agency. You must take stock of your current situation, considering such factors as location, population, and available resources. Each of these scenarios requires different considerations.Single facilityBecause you are only planning for one site, issues such as evacuations, supplies, staff management, and communication become less complex than if you were managing several sites at once. On this event National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) with support of National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM) has organised a Poster Competition for Students on “Home Safety & Local Preparedness for Disaster Risk Reduction” for all schools across India. Therefore, any concerted effort to enhance the resilience of children to disasters must focus on making schools safer from the adverse impact of disasters.
Engagingly written and meticulously researched, this issue seeks to underscore the role of school safety for the overall development of children. Crowd management is extremely important for a country like India that routinely witnesses stampedes. This was the third city level emergency management exercise of AIDMI in Assam and sixth in India. Sessions on Concepts of DRR, Exercise on school level Risk Assessment and Making of School Disaster Management Plan were carried out and explained to the participants following track evaluation. And All India Disaster Mitigation Institute (AIDMI) has realized this in its work with the people of Bihar.
Government officials of departments of Disaster Mitigation, Education and teachers participated in the event. This research study has been carried out in association with Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation.
The points documented in the brochure came up again and again during a dialogue with youth on October 11, 2011, Ahmedabad, India.It is our younger generation who will find solutions to the risks that have been created over the past two centuries. The team also reached out to United States Government (USG) stakeholders and open source research to compile this book.
The country experienced severe flooding in 2011 due to the monsoon season with rainfall over 140 percent of its normal levels.
The military has an integral role in the disaster management planning structure as deemed by the DPMA. Refugee groups are considered a vulnerable population with limited government support and services, and in a disaster, this situation would be exacerbated.
The transient nature of an emergency shelter population means that you will likely not be able to get your young people involved in disaster planning.
One comprehensive disaster guide is almost certainly sufficient.Multiple sitesDo you shelter youth with host-home families? The location should be easy to access, but it should also be locked so that supplies won’t be tampered with. The most effective way to combat these destructive elements is to have a clear, comprehensive, well-practiced response plan in place. Replete with views of experts from the field, this issue provides vital information on Crowd management policies, practices and procedures. Because the fastest growth and the greatest vulnerability has been observed in smaller towns in India. The exercise was inaugurated by Shri Prithbi Majhi, Honorable Minister for Revenue and Disaster Management, Government of Assam on November 25, 2013.
Participants demanded that such trainings should be held twice in a year for their schools.
With this publication AIDMI is promoting Child Rights and Child-Centered Disaster Risk Reduction at the State, National and Regional Levels for Policy Influence and the Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in Yogyakarta follow up. The communities in Bihar know the risk, are eager to find a way out, and focus on both, the process and results of reducing risks.
Arpita Chhatrapati of AIDMI offered insights into ways of making National School Safety Programme more effective at community level.
Floodwater inundated parts of the capital city of Bangkok, 65 of Thailand’s 77 provinces were declared flood disaster zones. The government approved the Thai military to provide disaster assistance to their neighbors in the region such as Bangladesh, Burma, and Laos. At the end of each question, there will be a checklist that breaks down the concrete actions you can take. On-duty staff (especially the emergency manager) should be able to access the supplies at all times.Emergency Supply Checklist What supplies are essential for your emergency stockpile? The teachers pointed out that national and international attention on small towns as victims of disasters as well as engines of preparedness was missing. This flooding was considered the worst in terms of the amount of water and people affected. Thailand is strengthening its renewable energy market and making efforts to promote it in the heating, power, and transport sector. Possible formats for these quick guides might include flash cards, pocket guides, and quick reference lists.
Do you operate several of your own facilities around town?For programs with multiple sites, the disaster planning process is complex.
You should have enough seating in facility vehicles to guarantee evacuation for every member of your population. This evacuation involves leaving the affected area, in which alternate local facilities are no longer available, and retreating to a removed area, usually outside a 50- to 100-mile radius. It contains articles contributed by disaster risk reduction practitioners from Concern Worldwide India, National Disaster Management Authority, United Nations Development Programme, TAG International Development, Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research and reflects unique multi-stakeholder perspectives.

The increased severity of hazards is being attributed to climate change and the government is addressing this issue through plans and policies. Now that economic activity is slowly returning to normal, growth is expected over the coming years. These quick guides should be included with the orientation materials you hand out.With transitional living youth, who can stay in residence for a year or more, you should conduct disaster training and drills.
The likelihood of small-scale, facility-specific disasters (kitchen fires, basement floods, or power outages, for example) means that each site should have its own unique disaster plan in place. Your staff must, as well.Taking stockJust as you took stock of the young people you serve and the attributes of your facility, it is important to take stock of your staff as well. Each person should have access to a gallon of water a day (2 quarts for drinking, 2 quarts for food preparation and sanitation). For example, if your facility can house 15 youth and, during peak hours, has 3 full-time staff working, you must be prepared to immediately evacuate 18 people—a number that exceeds the capacity of most large vans. Effective disaster planning requires that you consider all three of these evacuation scenarios. And what about smaller-scale disasters, such as medical emergencies and structural fires?By carefully assessing the real-life risks you face from both large- and small-scale disasters, you can allocate your valuable time toward developing detailed plans for only those scenarios you are most likely to face. 87, January 2013 on ‘Creating Awareness Pertaining to Disaster in Assam’ launched at Training on School Safety from February 21-23, 2013 at Dhubri district of Assam by Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA) and All India Disaster Mitigation Institute (AIDMI).
This experiences is not only true when AIDMI team is in Bihar but also when communities from Bihar come to join AIDMI’s work in Gujarat and Tamil Nadu to hold community-to-community direct interaction and learning ways to reduce risks. By walking you through the process of preparing for disasters before they happen, it will help ensure that you have an effective response ready. You might also consider involving them in the planning process.How many youth are present in your facility at any given time? For instance, if your facility has room for 10 youth and typically has 2 staff people on site, you should store 36 gallons of water (3 days x 12 people). There is indeed something special about communities of Bihar.The launch of the platform for and of children in Bihar builds on the above realization. The Forward by Dipankar Datta, Country Director, Concern Worldwide India and way ahead by Mihir R. On a larger scale, though, you must ensure that your disaster plans address how the different sites will communicate with one another, particularly in events requiring region-wide evacuations or the sharing of limited resources (such as transportation). Who is trained to administer medication? How is important information relayed to staff in your facility? Is your staff able to contact one another when off site?
Double that number if your facility is in a very hot climate.Store water in clean, sealed plastic containers. How would you transport the remaining three people?There are three transportation scenarios to consider. The children not only represent the above mentioned strengths of the communities of Bihar but also represent the above mentioned strengths and the huge potential. Since it’s impossible to anticipate exactly how many youth will be present onsite during a disaster, plan for your maximum occupancy.Is your population mixed gender or single-sex? It is critical that you decide early on in the planning process how your sites will work together in the event of an emergency!What if I have multiple sites? Bank accounts, credit card accounts, annual budgets, payroll records.Chances are, you keep most of these documents on paper.
These tracks were carried out from  November 25–27, 2013 with facilitation from Resource Persons from various organizations. The children of Bihar have and can make Disaster Risk Reduction a day-to-day reality in Bihar.The platform must develop its own agenda for short term and for overall vision.
If you have a mixed-gender population and must evacuate, how will you handle the need for separate sleeping spaces at your evacuation site?Does your population include single mothers and their children? For example, during the day, when there are usually multiple staff on duty to respond to an emergency, one person might be tasked with calling 911, another with retrieving emergency supplies, and a third with overseeing the building evacuation. Ideally, though, these critical documents will be stored in both paper and electronic formats.
In either of these cases, you will have staff provide their own vehicles to help facilitate an evacuation.The third requires relying on public or third-party transportation. This map might be a store-bought local map that you cut out and highlight, or it might be something you draw from scratch. These tracks were followed by Table Top Exercise on November 28, Mega Mock Drill and Hot Wash on November 29. An evacuation plan must take into account transportation and livable space for young children or infants. Spend an hour or two touring your facility and completing the following worksheet:How many smoke detectors does your facility have? By replacing your food and water supplies regularly, you ensure that what you have will be usable when you need it. This redundancy can help ensure that key documents survive any disaster scenario, including one in which the facility itself is destroyed, such as a fire or tornado. AIDMI has learned from the good work of Save the Children in Bihar that children are able to set agenda that is both realistic and relevant.
That means you must have clear protocols in place for emergency decisionmaking in your absence.
While it is probably not necessary to bring along everything during a building evacuation, plan on having youth bring their Go-Bags with them. AIDMI has found in its work on District Disaster Management Plan with CARITAS in Bihar that it is not easy to institutionalize child centred Disaster Risk Reduction. Special needs can refer to any number of unique issues present among the young people you serve. It also provides space for you to list the people riding in it (including its driver) during an evacuation. It may, in the event of a blizzard or large-scale power outage, simply require that everyone should stay put and wait for the crisis to pass.
In the following pages, you will have the opportunity to answer questions or complete worksheets. If, for example, you have a youth with hearing disabilities, your alarms should be equipped with strobe lights. Focus on keeping canned food, dry mixes, and other staples that do not require refrigeration, cooking, or extensive preparation.
You might also consider storing original copies of critical documents in an offsite, secure location, such as a bank’s safe deposit box. In the event of an evacuation, you can use this list to take attendance at pit stops and ensure that nobody is accidentally left behind. This will allow you to take roll once you reach the rally point, ensure that critical medications are on hand, and provide access to other resources such as your staff list and emergency money.What if there are young children on the premises?Local evacuationsIn a local evacuation, youth and staff will move to another building within the local community for an indeterminate period of time, until the crisis is resolved. Each one of them can also have a significant impact on your facility’s daily operations.
It may also require aggressive action on the part of facility staff (for example, to put out a fire or resolve a medical emergency). This issue explores all these possibilities and more for those who wish to look at Post HFA Agenda from the eyes of the children at risk. Various templates are also included in the appendices to add to your own disaster preparedness binder.This manual is in no way a final word. Avoid salty foods that make people thirsty!?Some good food choices for your emergency stockpile include:ready-to-eat canned meats, fruits, and vegetablesprotein or fruit barsdry cereal or granolapeanut butterdried fruitnutscrackerscanned juicesnonperishable pasteurized milkcomfort foods (chocolate, candy, cookies)Keep in mind special dietary requirements. In addition, duplicate paper documents as electronic files as soon as possible, both to increase their redundancy (and, therefore, security) and make them more easily transportable in the event of an evacuation.Electronic documentsElectronic documents have many advantages over paper documents, particularly when you consider the space required to store them and the ease involved in duplicating them for backup. Preparing to cope with these small-scale disasters is at least as important as preparing for the larger ones.Can you think of other small-scale disasters? Those interested in Post 2015 Development Agenda including members of Expert Reference Group may also find useful insights. You may also have youth with language barriers, strict dietary requirements, or ongoing medical needs, such as daily insulin injections. If, for example, your facility houses young mothers and their infant children, you will need to stockpile infant formula.Date stored food and replace it every 6 months. Regular oil changes as well as inspections to check hoses, belts, brakes, tires, and fluid levels are critical.
AIDMI’s city wide mock drills with UNICEF in Guwahati, Chennai, and Mumbai has clearly shown that institutionalizing needs planning, preparations, and direct and long contact with children.
Be sure to consult with your local or regional government and inquire about existing plans.Now, grab a pencil and let’s get started! This is acceptable as long as the drive is password-protected, with access to sensitive files limited only to trusted staff. Consider the large-scale disasters that you selected in the previous chapter-which ones would require evacuation, and which ones would have you sheltering within the facility?On the next page, you will see a completed disaster response plan that uses the template found in Appendix H. However, electronic documents stored on a computer’s hard drive are not secure from disaster.
But what is easy is to receive instant interest of children in building disaster resilience of vulnerable communities.
This space is for breaking down, in as much detail as possible, the steps that you, your staff, and youth will take in response to the disaster at hand. AIDMI’s work with Concern Worldwide India (CWI) in Odisha and West Bengal with ECHO support has shown how eager children are to creatively address risk issues.
Who is trained to administer medication?Since medical emergencies are among the most common crises you can face, having a staff well-trained in basic first aid and CPR is a critical part of disaster planning. The answer to the big question, in this case, is to remain in place—the staff and youth will take shelter in the facility safe room. As Leena Sarabhai, a leading educationist who pioneered “open education” for children in India since 1948 said, “Let us learn from children”. Are they clearly labeled?What area within the facility offers the most protection for a “shelter-in-place” scenario?Where are the water and gas shut-off valves located? If your State doesn’t require that all staff be trained in CPR and first aid, ensure that there is always at least one certified staff person on duty and that all other staff can easily reach that person by cell phone or pager. Consider getting a NOAA (that’s the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) Weather Radio with tone alert. Finally, schedule a regular time to save the most current version of these documents so that your backup files are always up to date.An even better solution than external storage devices, though, is network storage. Staff who might drive the vehicle should be trained to use it.If GPS devices are unfeasible, supply each vehicle with local and regional maps with evacuation destinations clearly marked (and the most direct route to each highlighted in an easy-to-see color).
While the on-duty support staff take responsibility for moving youth there and handing out critical supplies, the director (or lead staff person) takes responsibility for turning off the gas, closing exterior doors and windows, and shutting off lights.

The children have a lot to offer.AIDMI aims to see more girl children in this platform and would be delighted if the platform is run under the leadership of girls.
Storing your electronic documents on a network, either a local network or the Internet, means that your files will not be affected should some disaster befall your computer.
Once the entire facility population is in the safe room, they use their battery-powered radio to listen for weather updates; when the all-clear is announced, they leave the safe room and check the facility for damage. AIDMI aims to see more children from poor communities in Bihar on this platform and would be delighted to see that the platform aims at basic issues of protecting children’s food, water, health, sanitation, and education from disasters. Since certifications expire after a set period of time, you will need to ensure that staff take regular recertification courses. Network file storage also allows you to access your files from anywhere by logging onto the network, which can be very useful in the event of an evacuation.In the best-case scenario, you should protect your electronic files by using both a storage device and network storage. Research various local options—churches and community centers are great places to start, and schools, local hotels, or even apartment buildings can provide other possibilities. If the facility is no longer habitable, the local or regional evacuation plan comes into play.Below the procedures area is a space to list the critical supplies and resources that the specific disaster scenario demands.
In cases of power outage, do you have the means to provide emergency lighting?Do any areas of the facility require repair or extra attention?How many smoke detectors does the facility have? Work on locating a facility (or two) that will agree to become your local evacuation site should an emergency arise.
Since there is a possibility that an evacuation will be necessary in the wake of a tornado, this plan calls for distribution of all the facility’s Go-Bags. You can never have too many trained responders!How is important information relayed to staff within your facility?During a crisis, your staff must be able to quickly and accurately communicate with you and each other. The first aid kit, if not already in the safe room, would be brought there as well, in addition to extra flashlights and a battery-powered radio for listening to weather updates as they are broadcast.The area below the supplies and resources section is for listing emergency contact information that applies to the specific disaster scenario.
Ideally, staff should carry walkie-talkies that enable them to contact one another regardless of where they are. Spell out clearly expectations regarding cost, duration of stay, notification requirements, and so forth. For example, a response plan for a medical emergency might list the local fire, rescue squad, and police emergency numbers. What about fire alarms?Your facility should have, at a minimum, one smoke detector per floor.
Carrying extra gas inside your vehicle is dangerous, and a full gas can should not be part of your emergency supplies. Since the only real response to a tornado involves sheltering and riding it out, there is no number listed here.The final area on the form is for detailing the recovery processes that will help return life to normal when the disaster is over.
Depending on the distance to the evacuation facility, walking or public transportation may be an option—but you need to know before a crisis strikes how your population will get there.
If a hurricane is coming, for example, how will your staff know if regional authorities give an evacuation order?
It is critical, however, that you identify these vehicles before an emergency takes place—you do not want to be in a crisis situation with no volunteers to donate their cars! You should also ensure that they are dual-sensor smoke detectors, which combine ionization alarms (which detect flaming, fast-moving fires) and photoelectric alarms (which detect smoldering, smoky fires) into one unit.Every smoke detector in your facility should be tested once a month. Keep a radio or television in a central area of your facility, and ensure that, during a regional disaster, it remains tuned to a local news station so that your staff can remain abreast of developing situations as they occur.If your facility has a voicemail system, consider creating a special extension on which you can record an emergency message. Plastic sheeting and duct tape can be used to secure cracks in or around windows, while towels are excellent for stuffing into the space beneath doors. Because local evacuations last for an indeterminate time, you will probably want to bring the bulk of your emergency supplies with you as well.
Review everything you’ve done so far and consider your facility, your resources, and your staff. In the event of a large-scale emergency, off-duty staff can call in and receive critical information and instructions (such as when and where to bring vehicles). There is room for common sense here—if, for example, your evacuation site has agreed to provide food for your population, there is little reason to bring your stockpile of food and water. Track this regular maintenance in the log in Appendix B.If your facility has pull-handle fire alarms, make sure youth and staff know where they are located. This includes stocking vehicles with supplies, ensuring there is communication between vehicles, using vehicle logs (Appendix D), especially for the purpose of tracking occupants, and so forth.Third-party transportationThird-party transportation includes buses, taxis, rental cars, and trains. If you do not have pull alarms, you must have some other means of sounding a facility-wide alarm (such as a PA system or an air horn) in the event that an immediate evacuation becomes necessary.How many fire extinguishers do you have on site? Regularly update the list to ensure that it is as current as possible.How often does your staff rehearse disaster response scenarios?Once you have completed your disaster plan, develop a schedule of drills so that your staff (and, possibly, the young people you serve) can rehearse one or two disaster responses every couple of months.
Where emergency evacuations are concerned, third-party transportation is the least ideal option, primarily because widespread emergencies that might require regional evacuations will often overwhelm the systems that provide such transportation in the first place.
Once the crisis is resolved, you might return to your normal facility or enter local evacuation mode, if your regular facility is unusable.Planning a regional evacuation is essentially the same as planning a local evacuation.
Evacuating 20 people on a bus may seem feasible now, but in a disaster scenario, when hundreds or even thousands of people may be competing for the same seats, you may find yourself faced with an impossible dilemma.But what if third-party transportation is your only viable option? The complication is that the partnerships you arrange will be with facilities far away from you. In that case, it is vitally important that you secure your travel arrangements well in advance of a disaster.Once again, the first question to ask yourself is how many seats you need.
A good starting point is to consider what connections you or other members of your staff have to areas far outside your local community—perhaps some members of your staff have friends or relatives who live far away and could provide ideas about possible evacuation sites. No one plan can account for every possible nuance of every disaster—the best you can hope for is that, by taking the time to anticipate your response, you will be prepared to handle any situation when it arises. Have they been recently inspected?Fire CategoriesClass A: Fires involving ordinary combustible material (wood, paper, most plastic).
Schedule a regular check (at least once every 3 months) of the first aid kit to ensure that it is complete and ready to use.
All evacuation plans should assume that your facility is full to capacity, with a maximum number of youth and staff present. Work from the contacts you and your staff have to choose a good evacuation area, then visit that area and research sites with which you could form partnerships.When you find an evacuation site, create an evacuation site agreement to put your arrangement in writing (Appendix G). But take a few moments now to walk through the fire response plan above.Obviously, the answer to the big question here is evacuation. The first step requires the person responding to the fire to pull the fire alarm, which is the facility’s signal for an immediate building evacuation, the plan for which is referenced in the procedures.
Water will spread these fires!Class C: Fires involving electrical equipment (wiring, outlets, appliances). This shock, called defibrillation, can help the heart to reestablish an effective rhythm of its own. The best (and least expensive) option is to seek out a partnership with individuals in the community or with other agencies (churches, other youth facilities, community centers). This plan, already designed, specifies who is responsible for gathering needed supplies, what the procedures are for getting to the rally point, and so on.Next, the responder must evaluate the situation.
Water can cause electrical shock!There should be at least one easily accessible fire extinguisher in your facility’s kitchen, as well as in any other area where open fires take place. If your staff needs additional training, contact the local chapter of the Red Cross to explore your options. Depending on the extent of the fire, he or she would either attempt to extinguish it using a portable fire extinguisher (step 3) or seal off the affected area to help prevent the fire’s spread to other parts of the facility (step 4).
Up to a quarter of those deaths could have been prevented had an AED been on hand.Ideally, your facility will have at least one AED. You will also need to ensure that you have enough qualified drivers available (either from the person or agency providing the vehicle or your own staff). At least once a year, each extinguisher should undergo a more complete maintenance check, which may require you to contract with a fire safety company or the local fire department. You can schedule and track these monthly and yearly inspections on your maintenance log (Appendix B).How many exits does the facility have? Also place copies of the list with your emergency supplies and inside each facility vehicle. Go-Bags allow individuals, both youth and staff, to carry with them important records and other personal supplies.
Ideally, every sleeping room will also have its own means of emergency exit—typically, a window fire escape.
When one youth leaves your facility, empty his or her Go-Bag and reassign it to the next youth who arrives.Go-Bag for StaffYou only need to have one Go-Bag for your staff. Spare keys should be available to all staff.All exits should be clearly labeled, ideally with a lit sign. Each floor plan should show people where they are in the building and give them two possible ways to get outside. Look for a room that doesn’t have windows and can be closed off from the rest of the facility. Shutting off the gas in the event of disasters like tornados and fires can prevent explosions. Your shut-off valves and the circuit breaker box should be clearly labeled and easily accessible to all staff. Likewise, every circuit in the circuit breaker box should be plainly identified.Are all areas of the facility well lit? In cases of power outage, do you have the means to provide emergency lighting?Good lighting is an important element of disaster prevention. The exterior of your facility should remain lit at night for security.Electrical outages during disaster scenarios are common.
While keeping an emergency generator on site is probably an unnecessary expense (and a potential safety risk as well), having a good supply of battery-powered or hand-crank flashlights is a simple and cost-effective way to provide emergency lighting. Ideally, there will be at least one flashlight in every sleeping room, common room, and office. Minor maintenance problems can lead to larger, more expensive, and potentially more dangerous issues down the road. Take stock of what repairs and general maintenance your facility requires, and then prioritize. Revisit this list regularly, and set a specific timetable for completing each item.Check your facility regularly, at least once every season.

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