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A properly installed, clean burning, UL listed, EPA certified woodstove is good for the environment as they produce no nitrates or sulfates while operating.  They are a great way to save some money on heating, especially if the wood source is free. I have reviewed your comments and yes many stoves have changed the internal air flow designs for cleaner burning. Glad to see you were warm last night:) Yes a larger box and overall size stove would be nice for the overnight burn.
I see the last comment I posted has left the building….did you not like the idea of using water as a potential heat sink on the top of or by the exterior of the stove?
Insulated stainless steel (Class A) chimneys have the advantage of less mass, better insulation and quicker heating times.
A good stainless chimney liner will likely make a wood insert work much better, however, consult the manufacture for more information. I currently have a 30 year old 28000 Buck stove insert that required an 8″ reline pipe.
Some basics are that in a fireplace wood stove insert you want the heat to transfer to the stove surface as quickly as possible to activate the stove fan. So now that I am getting information I have another question, if you all care to entertain. I saw a picture of a small free standing wood stove placed on the hearth and the stove pipe going into the fire place and up the chimney.
Then you have to evaluate the look and function of what you are creating and then any long term resale ramifications caused by your decisions. Another option is possibly to just install and drop a free standing wood stove somewhere else inside the house. I see that your photo includes a flue in the chimney… but it seems to be wide open at the point you are saying it is at operating temp.
I was sold my same stove without a flue, but going into my second winter with this thing, I’m quite surprised at how it seems to put out so little heat. I find that the best way to get heat out of this thing is to leave the door wide open (!) and the air intake completely closed. While the Mail's explanation is a bit suspect, and some of the arrows on their diagram appear to point in the wrong direction, I imagine that this approach would improve the efficacy of a tea light compared to leaving it bare.
As evidenced in this clearer explanation of the claim, by efficiency it is meant that the heat of the candles is retained by the pots and released slowly.
For convection (non-radiant) space heaters, the best types incorporate a heat transfer liquid, such as oil, that is heated by the electric element.
Heating power is measured in BTU [which is a few percent larger than 1 kJ], while the exact details of how many BTU are required per room depend on the size, insulation of it and the efficiency and positioning of the heating unit, there are standard calculations and examples which are used to size heating unit in houses. Space heater capacities generally range between 10,000 BTU and 40,000 Btu per hour, and commonly run on electricity, propane, natural gas, and kerosene (see wood and pellet heating for information on wood and pellet stoves). Unvented combustion units are not recommended for use inside your home, because they introduce unwanted combustion products into the living space—including nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, and water vapor—and deplete air in the space. Electric space heaters are generally more expensive to operate than combustion space heaters, but they are the only unvented space heaters that are safe to operate inside your home. What I got from the original video of the claim is that this only works in a small room (with a computer running) and the amount of heat is subjective.
Well, I managed to find a BTU calculator that shows the amount needed to raise the temperature of a room by a given amount and updated my answer accordingly. The original video and forum post does a much better job explaining what is going on and states that the four (4) tea light candles are being used to warm the smaller inner flower pot which has the top drain hole blocked off while the large outer flower pot is used to create a convection effect that draws air past the warm inner pot and out the top. The video also notes that a computer is also being run at the same time and the room isn't too large, as it only appears to contain a queen sized bed and desk. Stand the candle in a 6-inch flower-pot so that the hole is not covered; put a second flower-pot over the top. Also, it is important to note that tea lights are named such because one of their purposes is to warm tea or in food warmers and products are sold with this in mind. From this standpoint, anything that that allows for the heat put off from the candles to circulate through the space is going to improve the subjective efficiency over just using bare candles.
At this point it is important to draw attention to the fact that the maker of this claim is using it while running a computer in his room.
According to a BTU calculator, 341 BTU (99 watts) are needed to raise the temperature of a 2x4x3 meter room (very rough estimate based upon the apparent queen size bed and desk present in the video) with normal insulation 1°C. I think the big difference is that most of the heat from an open candle is carried to the ceiling by convection, where it is essentially lost. You note that "all heaters are 100% efficient." This is partially true - all heaters convert virtually all input energy into heat, thus achieving near 100% efficiency.
The internal air temperature for radiant heated buildings may be lower than for a conventionally heated building to achieve the same level of body comfort, when adjusted so the perceived temperature is actually the same. This system appears to be a more effective way to heat than an open candle flame, because the flame heats the clay pot, which radiates the heat to the room. Efficiencies can actually be much lower, and even negative if large amounts of room air are drawn out through the chimney. Thus, 17% of the heat produced by an open candle flame is radiated to the surroundings, with the remaining 83% carried away by convection. A much improved design for a fireplace forces the combustion gases to flow through a circuitous path made of masonry materials, which absorb heat from the gases and radiate it to the room. Thus, the tealight and flower pot function as a small-scale masonry fireplace, reducing the convective losses and increasing radiation to the room, as opposed to an open candle which functions like an open fireplace, with most of the heat lost by convection up the chimney.
Tea lights are made of paraffin wax, and are commonly about 38 mm in diameter and 16 mm high, and burn for 3 to 5 hours (per Wikipedia).
If 4 candles are burning at one time, this is 208 watts - probably quite close to the heat being generated by the two computers and two desk lamps in the room shown in the video. This is a theoretical answer, but we expect answers to be based on facts - not to make a speculative prediction. I think the flower pot does improve the heating effectiveness by increasing the radiated heat while reducing the convected heat, although it's still a very small heat output.
Which gives a heating amount of approximately 491 °C if you assume there is no loss of heat from the system.
We can maintain a temperature difference of 12 °C between inside and the outside using the 308 W given off by the four candles combined. Adding in a 2m2 glass window to the room using the heat conductivity value from Wikipedia changes the result drastically. It's complicated, but unless you have a very well insulated room, four candles are barely going to make a difference. I'll also have a go at answering the unspoken question "Are tea lights cheaper than conventional heating?" for interest's sake. The video states that the tea lights last 4 hours so the total for the day comes to 8 candles at a cost of 8p. The same amount of heating using an electric heater (assuming 100% efficiency) would cost approximately 33p. The same amount of heating using a gas heater (assuming 100% efficiency) would cost approximately 10p. Assuming that cheap candles produce the lower rate of heat (68W) the total heat given off by the 8 tea lights over the day would be 2.176 kWh.
Adding in a value based on Mark's calculation that a tea light gives off 52 W, the equivalent amount of gas would cost 7p. Tea lights would be more convenient on a boat or in an attic which may not be supplied with gas and electricity. This answer argues that 4 candles give off about 300 Watts of heat, and that's pretty weak, and that cost per kilowatt is close to other sources.
And four candles burned over 8 h is about an order of magnitude below civil engineering recommendations for installed heating power. The higher heating value HHV is calculated assuming that all hydrogen in the wax will at the end become liquid water, the lower heating value LHV leaves the water as vapor. Heating a room in winter, you'll probably get the HHV, but that means that the room will get damp (unless you air it, and then you loose your precious heat through the air exchange). Already without flower pots, a candle with properly trimmed wick will not soot, so we can assume losses due to incomplete combustion to be negligible. Physico-chemically, if the flower pot construction works like a chimney, and possibly even like a chimney that preheats the air, then the candle can burn faster (higher power). This would be the claim about the judicial positioning helps, which is true (I remember that we learned these heater positioning concepts with the usual convection heaters in elementary school). Physiologically and probably also psychologically, one important difference between convector heating and heating by a stove is that with the stove more of the heat transfer occurs by radiation instead of by conduction and convection (via the air). So in order to get a comfortable amount of heating, with direct radiation we may be able to heat only when we are in the room and need the heat and possibly deliver it better where we need it (as opposed to heat all the air and the walls, with the corresponding increased heat losses). However, I do not see why a flower pot would help with the radiation part (over open candles). Of course, if we could cut still cut this down to airing the room only every hour or so - but we'd already be in an atmosphere were studies (see the paper above) found school children to perform worse on cognitive tasks. August 25, 2012 by Jason 25 Comments Jason's basement, the night after the first day of drywall installation. Your basement framing is done (at least you think your framing is done.)  Your wiring is top-notch and your plumbing rough-in is rock solid. Even if you've wisely followed my advice there's still a lot of prep work to do before your drywall crew comes swooping in.

Before your basement drywall contractor candidates come out to work up an estimate make sure you've added all of the necessary blocking.
So go ahead and walk around to each corner of every wall and make sure you've got blocking installed. A great drywall contractor will fix some of these for you, because they want their finished work to look great. I put this R11 insulation up to knock down some of the noise from our kitchen above the family room and the HVAC. That's why I spent some extra money and time to install insulation in all of the basement ceiling stud bays (the space between the floor joists). Not so much while they're cutting and nailing the drywall to your basement framing but when they start to sand the drywall mud it gets insane. I used plastic paint drop-clothes to cover up all of my stuff plus the doorway to the house and the HVAC area. My friend Mark, who finished his basement before me, said that drywall dust got into his vent system and spread a fine layer of dust all over their house.
My drywall guys did three finishing passes with the drywall mud and each time required sanding.
You're going to need room to hold all of the drywall once it's delivered.  Plus, room to cut the drywall to size and maneuver pieces around your basement. Click the Button Below to Sign Up Sign Up With Facebook I hate spam, your email is safe. Click the Button Below Click Here for One Click Sign Up! Well James, that is a first, but I’m familiar with your situation as I grew up in a home with a similar style home. I hate to suggest re-doing the drywall but it is a health hazard to breath in too much dust over the long term. I later discovered that the drywall collects the sound waves (for lack of a more technical term) and then transfers them to the ceiling joists (which the drywall is nailed into) and then up through the flooring of the first floor. Hey James – I sent you a private email to follow up and make sure this gets resolved. If you live in the Northern Virginia area I can share my drywall contact with you (shoot me an email).
I have a question, hoping you or one of the commenters here could help me out with this….
This is an instructable detailing how to create a keyboard shortcut so that you can quickly switch to screensaver at any time.
In this video we show you how to fix one of the most common problems that happens with monitors. For a long time I wanted an arcade cabinet to relive the old classic games from my childhood. I wanted to make my computer case light up, but after reading some bad reviews on cold cathode lights I decided to make my own LED lights instead.
The First thing that needs to be done in any design process in decide what you want to include in the design. One of the things that annoys me is when the little legs that prop up the keyboard are missing.
Today, I will be showing you how to make a password protected file that is created and accessed using a Batch (.bat) file. Have you forgotten the password to your Windows 7 machine and don't have a Windows Recovery Disk?This instructable will teach you a step-by-step way to reset the password to your account in roughly 20 minutes.
Printers are one of the most popular tools in the world, because they are inexpensive, yet highly versatile. This Is an easy tutorial for a harmless virus message prank for April Fools or just for your friend and if your lazy use my pre-made one. Here is the easiest tutorial you will find on the web teaching you how to downgrade your Minecraft version!
If you have a standard LCD type monitor, I will show you a cool little DIY hack to turn that baby transparent! Have you ever wanted to start your computer while you are away from home to access some files? This instructable will teach you how to write a simple yet proper lab report for a college level General Chemistry lab course. Earth batteries have been used for centuries, but it more recent times they were used in the 1800's to power telegraph stations.
Have you ever wanted to use a Xbox360 Controller on your PC and not have to buy a $15 receiver? You simply go to your digital thermostat and change the temperature to whatever you desire.
We finally worked around this by getting an exterior wood stove that sits outside the trailer but feeds hot air into the house.
If you did that would have to be torch cut in order to open a hole to make access for a double wall reline pipe extending down to the wood stove insert.
I think if your fireplace has no steel lining inside the only thing you may have to remove is the damper rod area. And like one of the posters commented, the high quality models are built like tanks, so they really do provide lifelong supplemental heat. Convection would give a constant air current going in the bottom and out the top of the outer pot, which might (a) distribute the warmed air better than a naked tea light, and (b) provide plenty of fresh air to the flame, possibly allowing it to burn faster or hotter. There is also a secondary claim that this makes the system efficient enough to heat an open space.
The heat transfer fluid provides some heat storage, allowing the heater to cycle less and to provide a more constant heat source. It is easy to see that the heat released by 4 candles, as in the claim, is 6.5 times smaller than an electric heater and thus vastly insufficient to heat a room. I am adding this even if a bit off topic to make sure that any future visitor gets a warning. Can you quantify the heating power to more familiar units to give an idea of the BTU in a practical sense? I do think that a lot of the answers lost sight of the fact that the original claim was for a very small small room (bed, desk, not much else) and from the looks of the math it seems that a 3°C increase in temperature is possible. This means that under ideal circumstances, that it may be possible for the candles to raise the temperature of the room 3°C with the computer possible contributing another 1°C of heat.
In either case, the heat will be travelling up - via hot air heated by the terracotta or via hot air heated directly by the candles - and creating a convection current to gradually warm the whole room. Without actually setting things up and doing measurements I have no idea as to how much that circulation would amount to. In other-words, short of actually setting up an experiment and making measurements, I wasn't able to find much more than what I put in my answer. It doesn't address the biggest mystery (at least to me): does the flowerpot help in any way? I don't debate your theoretical physics, but you fail to show that your toy model actually describes the real world. Radiation losses are negligible as well - particularly if you close the curtains because you are in a precarious heating situation.
Therefore, the heat perception can be vastly different even though the air temperature did not change that much. The more consequent implementation of this idea to deliver the heat where we need it are pocket stoves. 1400 ppm is considered the limit for bad indoor air quality (good indoor air quality is with < 800 ppm).
We'd need to air the room completely almost 3 times per hour - that would completely cancel out our heating efforts!
All of your inspections have passed and you find yourself giving people construction advice at cocktail parties.
But an average or poor contractor will just install right over it and you'll be left with lumps.
So it just make the most sense to get as much as possible out-of-the-way, almost everything. Jenn was home with the kids, calling me hourly about the noise and giving me updates on their progress. I was wondering if you could explain the correct steps when it comes to finishing the bathroom. I drywalled, primered, and painted my basement ceiling, but for some reason I keep seeing a lot of drywall powder, even after some months have passed. I did some digging online as well but I couldn’t find anything to really help answer this question. At the very least if someone else runs across this problem they will find your story here and perhaps save themselves some angst. I am installing ceiling insulation next weekend and am doing research on which insulation to buy. The only way to avoid this is to have a drop-ceiling (which I personally despise, but some people love) or install some sound dampening channels before you drywall, which of course, jacks up the cost of your basement quite a bit. The problem with this is that it can be very challenging in terms of timeline and getting things done, and having different groups cooperating, etc.

It is easiest to simply make a list of what you would like the case to do and sort it by importance. Since replacement legs are near-impossible to source, I had to find a replacement and found that a small binder clip (known as bulldog clips here in the UK) is perfect for the job. The thing that surprises me the most, is that people rarely have their power adapters wrapped properly. The system and space requirements are ridiculously small for this stripped-down version of FreeBSD.
If you have a PC (even without moviemaker installed), then here's a quick and easy way to utilize a low-budget version. Or maybe you wanted to start a download of a new game, so that it would be done when you got home.
In order to complete this lab, you will need access to a Microsoft Word program; any versions will work. You can't even watch some Big Bang Theory on TVShack anymore without hundreds of adverts popping up all over the place, and don't even get me started with adverts for streamed programs now. It is built like a tank and the cast iron construction is a great heat sink and conductor of heat. Some of the basics are that any fireplace brick chimney half in and half out of the house was not a good design for anyone anywhere when they were built.
The wood stove insert you buy will determine the size of the reline double wall pipe to buy. This was actually a pretty easy install after torch cutting the hole in the steel heatilator I had in the original fireplace and then removing the damper plate. If this is the case the second concept would save the original chimney tile flue and fireplace for reuse possibly down the line if desired. The problem is the fireplace was installed at one end of the house in a great room kinda and it is a long rectangular ranch.
The fact that it will continue to heat the room after I have turned it off and left the room seems wasteful. I did run across a couple survival tips for the same thing so really the temperature of the room at the beginning is something to note since a 1 to 2°C difference in a cold room could be subjectively more than in a warm room. Take away the flowerpots, and leave the candles: the candles directly heat the air, which causes it to rise, which creates convection currents. Although, the the paper I linked to doesn't really seem to support a convection current being created from the burning of a candle in and of itself. We can thus say that the candle already without flower pot is a 100% energy efficient heater. But, if that would be the desired effect, the stove should be placed on the floor just under the window, where the upward convection from the stove works against the cold downward convection from the window, (or maybe a bit further up in front of the window, so we can get the benefit of the radiation heating).
Just as guideline, I did 3 walk throughs the week prior to them arriving and I found 3 or 4 spots that needed an adjustment. I looked into staggered framing and sound dampening drywall hanging systems and even using thicker drywall.
Be especially vigilant about wrapping electronics like tvs, computers and stereos - drywall dust will definitely destroy those.
I’ve noticed much less dust but there is still some since sealing the other finished flooring areas. My water pipes do bang at times, so I am wondering if that may be causing drywall powder to shake off onto the floor. The real question is where is the dust coming from, you shouldn’t have any if it’s painted, none! Do you have a loose dryer vent or any other source of intake to your basement where dust is getting in?
Insulation helps, I would use it again, but doesn’t solve the bigger issue of drywall noise transfer. Meaning, drop tile ceilings comin down, faux (and crappy) wooden paneling comin off, commercial grade carpeting peacin out, bye bye harshing-my-mellow tube lights. So my other question is if I should just contract out to like 4 different people for different jobs. Capacitors are cheaper than dirt, and with a little practice can be replaced saving you from buying a new monitor. Just thought it would be good info to share and may the instructables crew would actually want to make a Chrome app available in the web store. It's got all manner of features accessible through it's clean web GUI, more than most will ever need.
How long does it take for your stove to heat up and or click on the auto fan and or reach the surface thermometer temperature of 200 to 300 degrees indicating stove surface temperatures and a clean burn rate?
Your clearances are a little wider than others and that would be because of the radiant heat transfer capabilities of the unit. Not sure why they are so common and they are not efficient in holding heat in the heat sink interior walls or keeping chimneys or tile flues up to proper temperature as Paul has explained. I used and cut a piece of galvanized roofing and sealed the entire area directly above the stove insert in an attempt to keep as much heat as possible at the immediate internal stove area. Most stoves do not exit from the rear and this second idea would I think require a rear exit stove pipe. No way can I get this heat to the other end of the house unless I install ducts and slow moving draw fans in the attic etc.
I can see that the flowerpot would tend to heat a greater volume of air a smaller amount compared to the candle, but the mixing of air would presumably make them equivalent within, say, 30 seconds.
However, this calculation does not take into account that if you burn the candles at that rate, you need to start thinking about exhaust gas in your room air: 5 candles are 70 g and need about 150 l of oxygen to burn (and will produce about 100 l CO_2 and another 100 l of water vapor (or 26 ml of liquid water)). The issue didn’t exist prior to doing the work and it is focused to that particular area of my basement, so I know its the drywall work. I've been told that the gunk you can see in the pictures is dead skin cells, but whatever it is, it ain't pretty. Central Air Conditioning Systems takes very little maintenance and can last for over 20 years. Is your stove lined with fire brick and what comprises the baffle system, steel, firebrick and or insulation blanket? What are they using to protect the metal from the internal heat of the fire inside the stove..if anything? Even the heatilators constructed inside some of the interior brink facia in most of them were poor at best in design and function. I will in the future probably install channel and lay firebrick on top of the Buck to reflect heat back to the stove fan.
However, such an effect would be highly dependent upon the size of the room, location of the heater, drafts, and personal preference in room temperatures. You've now accomplished something that many people in the world wouldn't even dare to think about. Give us a call at Atlantic HVAC to give you a FREE Estimate today.Why Choose Atlantic to install your Central Air Conditioning System?Simple, when anyone is doing work on their home or adding upgrades like a central air conditioning, they want it done right.
This will be done directly above the stove and behind the surrounds that enclose the fireplace around the wood stove insert. What were you allowed clearances for install 8″ or more to combustibles back and side etc.?
So a relined fireplace chimney will improve draft just due to the smaller hotter chimney pipe. The fireplace chimney with clay tile will take a longer time to heat up and will generate more creosote buildup on the interior of the chimney.
You might be able to get the brick facia heat sink to heat up a little and this helps radiate some of the heat into the room. You’ll want to have passed your electrical inspection BEFORE you even schedule your drywall crew. I was curious because I own several Quadra-Fires and they are the same stove at varied years of production.
Most new stoves have firebrick installed on the inside and I have found no reason for it except to protect the metal of the stove. I have been researching and getting quotes on this project literally since last October, and at this point it seems really like the best option (economically anyways) is to have an electrician do the lighting work while the contractors take care of the drywall. They have done somethings wrong in the design construction and also restricted airflow in order to reach EPA standards. Some firebrick on the bottom maybe or lower areas if you want protection for the steel otherwise remove it all.
For my situation, I would LIKE for the answer to be: electrical after drywall, because that would be most convenient since the drywallers will be doing demo, drywall etc.
Heat is trying excite the steel and then push heat through it to the other side where the fan wants to activate and pick it up…firebricks are very hard to push heat through and you will be only wasting heat up the flue and burning more wood to get the desired heat you want.

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