How to make an earthquake for a school project,emi proof enclosure,whats in an emergency go bag contents,how to make a waterproof rabbit hutch cover - Downloads 2016

Every April, the Deseret News runs a series of articles related to Earthquake Preparedness Month.
This would be an excellent opportunity for a class discussion on how the effects our overdue earthquake could have on our communities, cities, and the state as a whole. For you Salt Lake Valley educators, here’s a map that shows the amount of shaking that would be experienced in your area. After you’re done reading the article, set up the projector and show your class this Earthquake simulator from National Geographic and create your own unique earthquake!
This class activity is a spin-off from an earlier post about learning counties and their seats.
Group your students into groups of 4 and move their desks into a table so they all face each other.
The person with the most amount of points at each table is then taken to the next round where he or she will compete with the winners from other groups.
Idea 1: Some teachers like to assign county reports and let students research and share information about an assigned county including its geography, resources, and etc. Make a large copy of the map of Utah’s counties, and cut out the individual counties. The student with Box Elder comes up, give their report, and then tapes their puzzle piece to the board. Idea 2: This is similar to the puzzle idea in Idea 1, only students build their own puzzle of Utah with a partner. Students then proceed to write the names of the counties on one side of the card, with its county seat on the other. To memorize county locations: Using the overhead, show a transparency of the Utah Counties map on the white board, and write in all the county names in marker on the board (not overhead). Create a collage of these photos on your classroom wall for your students to see throughout the semester. For teachers who are from Utah, and are old enough to remember, there used to be a town just south of Spanish Fork called Thistle.
Due to record-setting rain and snow precipitation that year cause a big landslide that blocked a small river from continuing on its way.
This is just a little information on the town of Thistle, but you can find much more, including pictures, online.
While invisibility cloaks are standard fare in science fiction and fantasy, in reality, it is very difficult to create a metamaterial capable of manipulating light waves, which are extremely short and travel very long distances. Last year, physicists at Mokpo National Maritime University in South Korea and the Australian National University in Canberra developed a model for a seismic invisibility cloak. The team simulated an earthquake by using a vibraphone to create 50-hertz acoustic waves across a silty clay alluvial basin, up to 200 meters deep, near Grenoble, France. When the French team re-transmitted the 50-hertz waves, energy levels near the source of the waves almost doubled, indicating that the metamaterial was reflecting the waves, which barely made it past the second row of holes. There is also a danger that seismic waves reflected off a building could damage nearby buildings. Rather than building stronger ocean-based structures to withstand tsunamis, it might be easier to simply make the structures disappear. For the first time, scientists have devised an invisibility cloak material that hides objects from detection using light that is visible to humans.
University of Manchester mathematicians have developed the theory for a Harry Potter style 'cloaking' device which could protect buildings from earthquakes. In a new analysis of the 2004 magnitude 6.0 Parkfield earthquake in California, David Schaff suggests some limits on how changes measured by ambient seismic noise could be used as a pre-earthquake signal.
A metamaterial invisibility cloak that can adapt to hide different sized objects is demonstrated by in Nature Communications this week. Ever since Kepler's observation in the 17th century that sunlight is one of the reasons that the tails of comets to always face away from the sun, it has been understood that light exerts pressure in the direction it propagates.
Martin Thuo likes to look for new, affordable and clean ways to put science and technology to work in the world.
Small objects like electrons and atoms behave according to quantum mechanics, with quantum effects like superposition, entanglement and teleportation. Researches at Stockholm University are getting closer to light dark-matter particle models.
The waves from the earthquake would be directed towards all the building around the one with the holes drilled. Has anybody paused to think that perhaps the structure was actually working to wrap the seismic waves around to echo off the basin wall back around the structure to the source? What if the bore holes were horizontal instead of vertical and offset similar to the steps of staircase, either ascending or descending?Would the 'waves' be diverted up into the atmosphere or down towards the lithososphere? It would seem that the ideal solution would be to develop a method to reflect the waves 180 degrees out of phase, and thus cancel them altogether.Doesn't seem that this would present any more of a challenge, in principle. Better to use policy to make building and staying in such vulnerable areas unattractive The entire globe is a potential earthquake zone. Indeed Antialias, we are but animals on the planet, and cannot protect ourselves or environments from all risks.
After the massive earthquake near Japan this morning one wonders if it’s possible to build an earthquake-proof building?
Buildings are basically designed to support a vertical load in order to support the walls, roof and all the stuff inside to keep them standing. Another technique to dampen the swaying of a tall building is to build in a large (several tons) mass that can sway at the top of the building in opposition to the building sway. Here is a great video from WIRED that shows how a large shake platform can be used to test a full-scale structure in response to the motion of an earthquake. For more information about earthquakes in general check out the United States Geological Survey’s earthquake website.
I think that the motion damper would be extremely hard to get right when building but if you are precise with the outline, it would defiantly work.
Is an exhibit space at Imagination Station where you can explore science on your own terms.
Here you will find information about science news, activities and experiments you can do at home. The US offers help, and the media devote column after column to analysing the significance of Iran's acceptance of Western aid to cope with the devastation wrought by the earthquake.
The talk is of reconstruction - and - in the longer term - of building an Iran where constructions are able to withstand earthquakes and thus their potentially deadly consequences. In the past two decades alone, tens of thousands have been crushed to death or died of asphyxiation as they waited for help in their poorly constructed homes. This time, as in the aftermath of Iran's previous earthquakes, the international community has moved to assist and a housing post-mortem is under way. It was the prevalence of poorly designed houses built with primitive materials and in disregard of building codes which meant that a tremor of similar strength killed as many as 50,000 in the Iranian city of Bam but only two in quake-prone California the previous week.
Some 80% of Bam has been destroyed: the city's famous mud-brick constructions collapsed quickly - and crucially left no life-saving air pockets for those crushed as they slept, just suffocating dust. But while a large number of the buildings destroyed in the quake were historical, many were recently constructed, publicly-financed structures, such as the hospital.
The 2000-year-old Arg-e-Bam citadel - one of Iran's major tourist draws - is likely to be reconstructed with the help of agencies like Unesco - but the Bam of the future is likely to have a very different skyline. Iran could well learn from the mistakes and successes of its own post-quake reconstruction efforts in the course of the past few decades.
More than 1,500 people were killed again in 1997 when an earthquake struck the Ghaen region, while in Golbaf, a strong quake which had caused 1,500 deaths in 1981 caused just five in 1991. Indeed, as Professor Ghafory-Ashtiany stresses, Iran does have a seismic building code - drawn up in 1989.
The problem, as many observers agree, is a failure to consistently implement it - not just on an ad hoc basis after earthquakes strike but across the country before disaster hits. It has been suggested that as many as one million people could die in Tehran if there was a repeat of the last big quake to hit the capital, a tremor which killed 45,000 in 1830.

At present, the authorities are busy heaping the blame on sloppy builders, while Iranians are pointing fingers at the authorities.
Call for Papers: Sixth International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering and Symposium in Honor of Professor James K.
Of the 14 competing student teams, Oregon State University took first place in the 4th Annual Seismic Design Competition for Undergraduates, jointly sponsored by the Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center (PEER), Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI), Mid-America Earthquake (MAE) Center and MCEER. A select group of GeoEngineering Earthquake Reconnaissance (GEER) Association members, including PEER representatives, along with EERI LFE and ASCE TCLEE teams, will prepare a unified report on the effects of the Niigata-Ken-Oki Earthquake that occurred on July 16, 2007. The team is composed of both senior and junior geo-engineers including Robert Kayen (team leader) of the U.S. SAN FRANCISCO -- Officials invoked the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, the MacArthur Maze meltdown and Hurricane Katrina in their testimonials Friday for the idea of a waterborne emergency response system for the Bay Area. Transportation officials all the way up to Caltrans Director Will Kempton testified at the San Francisco Ferry Building for a state Senate select committee that included Sen.
Torlakson is the author of Senate Bill 976, which directs the Bay Area Water Transit Authority to focus on operating a regional water transit system and coordinating the system's emergency response in the event of a disaster such as a major earthquake or terrorist attack. Until the replacement of the eastern span of the Bay Bridge -- closed for a month after the 1989 quake -- is expected to be completed in 2013, the existing 71-year-old span will remain vulnerable to failure in another earthquake, warned Jack Moehle, director of the Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center at UC Berkeley. A major temblor along the Hayward fault could also cripple BART and cause devastation on par with the 1995 Kobe, Japan, earthquake, which killed thousands, collapsed expressways and shut down railways and port facilities.
But assembling an adequate emergency water transit system could take 30 years if done in a "business-as-usual way," he added.
The council is backing a major expansion of ferry service in the Bay Area intended to provide alternative transportation during an emergency. Even though the area's transportation arteries rebounded from Loma Prieta fairly quickly, that likely won't be the case in a stronger, closer quake, Moehle said. Many of the area's freeways are on what could literally be called shaky ground -- Bay flats that were filled in and are now subject to liquefaction, Moehle said. He said that although watercraft are capable of transporting medics, firefighters and commuters after a disaster, such transportation will need reliable land access -- not just boats and docks but also roads leading to those docks. Bill McCammon, former Alameda County fire chief, praised the value of centralized control of a water transit system during a disaster, but he cautioned that the Water Transit Authority needs to closely coordinate with local emergency services managers to make sure the system will meet their needs.
Kempton, the Caltrans director, said a water transit system would be helpful during a disaster. In addition, having a larger network of ferries would help keep people moving when there is no disaster, he said outside the hearing room. The journal Earthquake Spectra will be publishing a special issue on results obtained from the Next Generation Attenuation (NGA) project.
The cover letter accompanying your manuscript should clearly indicate that the paper is being submitted for review and possible publication in the NGA special issue of Earthquake Spectra. PS - Past proceedings of University of Missouri ? Rolla, conferences on Case Histories and Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering conferences are offered on discount to clear inventory. The Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center (PEER) Education Program is pleased to offer exciting opportunities for undergraduate students to explore new directions in earthquake engineering studies through the PEER Summer Internship Program and the National Science Foundation-sponsored Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) Summer Internship Program. The internship programs are targeted to upper-division students who have completed junior-level courses in engineering or a related field.
Interns will spend ten weeks (400 hours) at a PEER core university working directly with a faculty mentor on a PEER-funded research project directly related to the PEER mission of Performance- Based Earthquake Engineering. Students will compile technical and anecdotal information throughout the summer and submit a final report by October 1. The California Strong Motion Instrumentation Program (CSMIP) of the California Geological Survey in the Department of Conservation is funding data interpretation projects focusing on the analysis and interpretation of the extensive strong-motion data sets recorded from recent earthquakes. The Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center (PEER) has been awarded a five-year, $3.6 million NEES Grand Challenge grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to study the collapse potential of older nonductile concrete buildings during earthquakes.
The James Roberts Best Paper Award was presented to Brian Chiou of the California Department of Transportation at the Fifth National Seismic Conference on Bridges & Highways, in San Mateo, in September. PEER recently celebrated its move from the Richmond Field Station to Davis Hall on the UC Berkeley campus. UC Berkeley's Earthquake Engineering Research Center ran a series of shake table tests using a three-story tall, braced steel frame to demonstrate the effects of the new type of bearing with a low-friction slider having moderate initial stiffness.
Test results will help understand base isolation applications of the PEER performance-based earthquake engineering methodology. The purpose of the conference is to increase awareness of seismic and geological hazards and to enhance the level of technical expertise of engineering professionals so they can mitigate the risk of failure or damage to our bridges and highways. Of the eight competing student teams, the University of Washington took first place in the 3rd Annual Seismic Design Competition for Undergraduates, jointly sponsored by the Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center (PEER) and the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI). Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center (PEER) was awarded a $2,250,000 research contract from the California Department of Transportation Caltrans). The National Science Foundation's (NSF) 2004 East Asia and Pacific Summer Institutes Program (EAPSI) for U.S. Even today, I know there’s another big earthquake coming to San Francisco Bay Area, my prediction is around 2070 though, I think they hit this area every 90 or so years. Check out more interesting categories: Arduino, Circuits, DIY, Featured DIYs, Hack, HOWTO, Projects, Science. The winners move to sit at the same tables and the round starts over again while the rest of the class can watch or keep quizzing themselves. Give each county’s puzzle piece to the student who is assigned that particular county. I find a map of Utah counties and make copies for half of my students (they work in pairs). Add a few more counties into the mix, and proceed to erase those as well when students have mastered them, remembering to point to previous counties you’ve erased before that round. In the spring of 1983, Thistle was an unfortunate victim of Utah’s ever-changing geography.
As a result, this river’s back-up eventually created a lake that rose higher and higher, forcing residents to evacuate their homes. Seismic waves, however, are longer than light waves and do not travel as far, so developing a seismic metamaterial could be easier. While a seismic metamaterial like this might eventually save lives during an earthquake, engineers and physicists still need to address some important issues.
This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of Some rare atoms can store quantum information, an important phenomenon for scientists in their ongoing quest for a quantum Internet. Observations rule out some axion-like particles in the quest for the content of dark matter. Yes, there would be a large expense right off the bat, but there is a high chance it could help to save billions in the long run. Now if it then is possible to redirect the waves, perhaps they could also be redirected into some sort of a "container" (an area surrounded by these cloaks set up so as to cause these waves to bounce around until they die out). Earthquakes present a lateral, or sideways, load to the building structure that is a bit more complicated to account for.
Acting like shock absorbers in a car, these systems allow the building to be decoupled from the shaking of the ground.
I love the crazy shot at 1:17 into this video of a ball bearing base isolator scooting around to stabilize a structure! He holds a Masters Degree in Experimental Physics from Michigan State University and has been having fun exploring (exploding?) science in Science Centers for the past 20 years. If you find something you like, give us some feedback via the comment section at the bottom of any article. It is in part due to the expense, but all the studies show that the cost of not planning - and mopping up the aftermath - far exceeds what it costs to make preparations," says Professor Alexander. The event, held during the EERI Annual Meeting, February 7-10, in Los Angeles, was an opportunity to demonstrate performance-based, cost-effective seismic design.
On the other hand, those same waters could also reunite the area with a coordinated use of ferries, he said.

The plan calls for new ferries, floating docks and other facilities and equipment totaling as much as $1.6 billion.
Papers are invited on the ground motion prediction equations developed through the NGA project, the characteristics of the database developed during the project, the simulation exercises conducted to support the development of the prediction models, and other related subjects.
Please visit conference web site to see Table of Contents of available conferences and the order form.
Each program runs from May 15 to September 15, with individual schedules to be arranged between interns and their mentors. Students will also present their summer research results by PowerPoint presentation or poster at an undergraduate research symposium. Khalid Mosalam and the University of California, Berkeley's Earthquake Engineering Research Center to sponsor a unique demonstration that showed an earthquake's destructive power, and described survival tactics.
The event, held during the 100th Anniversary Earthquake Conference, April 18-21, at Moscone Center, was an opportunity to demonstrate performance-based, cost-effective seismic design. This five-year contract is part of PEER Lifelines' Program to carry out various research projects related to seismic performance and reliability of lifelines.
Moehle, professor of civil and environmental engineering at the University of California, Berkeley and director of the Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research (PEER) Center, was chosen as EERI’s 2005 Distinguished Lecturer. Graduate Students will offer just such opportunities for 150 advanced science and engineering students this summer in Australia, China, Japan, Korea, and Taiwan. She brings to her position several years of marketing communications and PR experience in the engineering field. The aim is to build a device which responds to earthquakes being reported in near-real time via the USGS RSS feeds. They wrote about the earthquake as if it actually happened and you are reading about it from somewhere else. Class winner gets a prize (I usually asked them what their favorite candy bar was and then brought it to class the next day). As the students come up (and you may want to do only a few per day), they continue to add their pieces to the puzzle, and the state of Utah begins to form! Some students will bring pictures of themselves enjoying a dip in Lake Powell, others skiing in the Wasatch Mountains, downtown Salt Lake City, Bonneville Salt Flats, biking the red rocks of Moab, etc. This story is a great example of how a simple change in geography can have a great effect on society and the economy.
This disaster cost millions of dollars, not just in loss of property, but this landslide blocked train tracks and the highway! A building design that could support the absorption of the seismic waves would work better. My suggestion of using policy to make areas unattractive for development was in relation to sea level rise.
There are of course, engineering techniques that can be used to create a very sound structure that will endure a modest or even strong quake. One way to to make a simple structure more resistant to these lateral forces is to tie the walls, floor, roof, and foundations into a rigid box that holds together when shaken by a quake. On January 12, 2010, a less powerful earthquake, measuring 7.0, killed more than 200,000 in Haiti.
The Taipei 101, formerly known as the Taipei World Financial Center, has just such a giant pendulum mounted between the 88th and 92nd floors. Our Earthquake platform is large enough to stand on, but not nearly as big as the shake tables at some engineering test facilities.
The programs are intended to provide research opportunities for undergraduates who have shown an interest in earthquake engineering, demonstrated a high level of academic performance (generally GPA = 3.0 above), and whose presence would enhance the diversity of PEER.
However, applications will be reviewed as received and will continue on a rolling basis until all internships are awarded.
Research projects under this contract will include engineering characterization of earthquake ground motion, response of soil during severe ground shaking, and seismic analysis and performance of bridges and lifelines systems. NSF will support these students as they conduct research with foreign counterparts in fields such as cancer research, humanoid robotics, computational neuroscience and nanofabrication. She has managed communications programs for Carnegie Mellon University's College of Engineering and research centers, Bayer Corporation's Automotive Polymers Division, and the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). The device responds by illustrating the magnitude of the reported earthquake via two fairly chunky vibration motors of the kind used in video game controllers. Student B then drills Student A, with Student D keeping score on the same sheet of how many Student A answers correctly in 60 seconds. This is a wonderful activity not only because it is informative (about each county), but gives a visual as well to help students remember each county location. If not, prepare students for this activity by asking them to bring a set of 3×5 cards to class (no bigger than a set of 30).
I try to keep things entertaining by speeding up, slow-motion, or trying to trick them (start to point at one county then at the last second switch to another one). Be sure to point out the different features Utah has to offer us, and benefits we receive from them! However, it needs to be determined the strength that that structure could sustain or how the initial shock could be refracted into the air.
Would there actually be enough time and resources to accommodate a whole city and if so which cities would become protected first? However, during a very strong earthquake, even the best engineered building may suffer severe damage. Weighing in at 730 tons and capable of moving 5ft in any direction, it takes the prize as the worlds largest and heaviest building damper. When the manuscript is uploaded, authors must select "Special Issue on NGA" from the drop down list for special issues. Papers without a clear link to the NGA project will not be reviewed for this special issue. Although PEER seeks racial, ethnic, and gender diversity, California law prohibits preferential treatment of individuals or groups on the basis of race, gender, color, ethnicity or national origin. The device is connected to a PC via a virtual com port over USB (thanks to an on board Arduino). Once everyone is done, they exchange their pile of puzzle pieces (the cut out counties) with another pair of students.
A tunnel was built to drain the lake, and the water receded revealing Thistle’s devastation. Now, he never actually says he’s in Utah, but from his surroundings, you can tell that a good part of the episode was filmed in southern Utah from the Delicate Arch, Bryce Canyon, and other landmarks.
That would be a pricey measure, but would be more affective than destroying the buildings around.
Engineers design buildings to withstand as much sideways motion as possible in order to minimize damage to the structure and give the occupants time to get out safely.
In fact, it is so heavy that it had to be constructed on site since it is to heavy to be lifted by a crane. On the PC, an application sits there checking the RSS feed periodically and when a new event it posted to the RSS feed, the desktop app parses the data out of it and presents the magnitude of the quake to the Arduino which interpreters this as rate at which to activate the vibration motors. Thistle is now a ghost town, and if you drive through it, all that’s left to see are foundations, the corner of the Thistle school-house, and rooftops that were lifted from walls and floated away.
Prospective authors are encouraged to send abstracts of their articles by email to the guest editors prior to formal manuscript submission so that the suitability of the paper topic to the special issue can be evaluated. The puzzle pieces can be stored in a small plastic ziploc sack, and put away for future use later in the term. After you finished building one you can go right back and start building a bigger one for all the houses that have been added since then.A billion dollars wouldn't be enough to encompass a small neighborhood.

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Comments to “How to make an earthquake for a school project”

  1. evrolive writes:
    Solely on practice - without prior expertise or practice, making use of a belay device.
  2. TaKeD writes:
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  4. Princ_Baku writes:
    Thank you very much for capacity.