Japan earthquake management case study,ultimate wilderness survival kit,urban survival get home bag - New On 2016

Friday afternoon 80 miles off the coast of Japan, the 5th largest earthquake since 1900 rocked the Island nation and then immediately sent a tsunami across the Pacific Ocean. The earthquake released energy equivalent to 425 megatons of TNT, by contrast the largest thermonuclear warhead tested was only 50 megatons which is approximately 3 times a small atomic bomb. It is estimated that part of Islands of Japan shifted up to 8 feet on average over 300 miles.
Over 40,000 buildings damaged or destroyed by earthquake, tsunami or fire in the Tohoku region alone. The tsunami generated waves in excess of 33 feet and had the entire Pacific Ocean on alert.
Multiple nuclear energy plants had tsunami caused power failures causing cooling systems to stop.
Almost 2 million people are without power or water and entire towns have been wiped off the map.
The Islands of Japan are part of the great Ring of Fire which is an area that surrounds the Pacific Ocean. The reasons for the earthquakes and subsequent tsunamis is that this part of the globe has the most active plate tectonics which is the movement and collisions of crustal plates. The major difference between the Japan and the USA is that the geology is different, with most earthquakes occurring on land making the likelihood of a tsunami far less likely. There is a lot of misinformation about the impact of the earthquake in Japan’s nuclear plants. Despite the confusion over the information available to the outside world, Japan has actually reacted very well and experts on Boiling Water Reactors indicate there is no danger of a nuclear explosion. ANS Nuclear Cafe is a site giving continuous media updates on nuclear power stations in Japan.
Fukushima Nuclear Accident, a simple and accurate explanation which details how Boiling Water Reactors are constructed as well as what has actually happened at the plant. There are no man-made structures on earth built to withstand 425 megatons of TNT explosive energy.
Stricter building standards, buildings are designed to withstand earthquakes of higher magnitudes by incorporating special dampening systems, spring systems as well as other technologies to reduce seismic wave susceptibility.
Nuclear Power plant assets are added regularly in Japan versus the USA which has not begun building a new nuclear reactors since 1974. Mother Nature cannot be beat, however, an EAM can help provide the system tools needed to shut down quickly, restart faster as well as minimize the loss of life. Asset management starts by collecting asset detail such as location, description, serial number, vendor and maintenance history so that asset managers always know where their assets are and in what condition they are in. Asset and procedure checklist can be used for emergency drills as well as to make sure redundant assets are secure or functioning properly.
After an earthquake, inspection checklist can be used to identify damaged, destroyed or missing assets.
Transcendent® offers asset managers, engineers and FMs an opportunity to get the most from their assets through better asset management, document handling, work management and increased mobility. To enable businesses and governments to decrease costs by maximizing asset life & utilization through mobile solutions, exceptional customer support with an excellent Return on Investment. When an earthquake strikes, it is extremely important to take appropriate action without panicking.
To achieve this, it is essential that we understand the danger of earthquakes and prepare properly in our daily lives. To see our content at its best we recommend upgrading if you wish to continue using IE or using another browser such as Firefox, Safari or Google Chrome. It has recently come to my attention that there is a challenge when considering the need for a network accessible file management solution during a language documentation project. Data organization for current use in analysis and evaluation of what else to document.It could be argued that a well planned corpus would eliminate, or reduce the need for flexibility to decide what else there is to document.
Notice that this is not the difference between the archive form of the data and the presentational form of the data.
During the course of the project it became clear that tracking meta-data was an extra burden (overhead) rather than something which actually added new insight to the analysis, or even energy to the projectOne aspect of meta-data collection was renaming the files in appropriate ways so that the right files grouped together.
Of these application A Better Finder Rename was determined to be the best price for the options it provided. With a workflow influenced by a language documentation view of a project, it follows that files need to be organized so that they can be submitted to the archive.
This is a visualization of the various xhtml tags on the front page of my wife’s blog. Displaying the complexities of the relationships in the meta-data and the data is something that the file system of modern Operating Systems (OS X, Windows, Linux) can not deliver. Alternatively to organizing a project from a Language Documentation perspective one could organize the project topically according to descriptive interest or explorative process. Initially the target set of users is the language researchers on a language documentation project.
The ability to use the same solution on a personal computer and on a server on a local network, or a Wide Area Network (web hosted). The solution, if browser based had to be IE, FF, Safari compliant (CSS2 minimally, even CSS3). The ability to leverage good UI design on the final product to enable end users to quickly adapt to concepts presented by the work and to intuitively know how to use the tool. The install process of the final product needed to be simple enough to allow for wide spread adaption with a low impact on needed support for customizations. The ability to share information among project users (researchers and contributors, language consultants) in a collaborative environment. The ability to share information with the greater linguistic community via established norms. In addition to these requirements there are certain technologies which are prevalent to the field of Language Documentation.
Ultimately what we are looking for is a platform to facilitate the collaboration around a language documentation (research) project.As I was beginning to write this and look into drupal as solution I ran across an experiment in trying to get Drupal to be a virtual research environment.
So, in pursuing what kind of platform can provide this functionality and what that platform might look like, let us look at the first element in design as presented above: What the user wants to get done. Most research projects start with a plan, in fact, most projects accomplish something, but only successful projects have stated what they wanted to achieve, and acknowledge achieving it. This module needs to be able to help users define deliverables (goals), tools used, and locations, costs, etc.
There is one draw back which needs to be addressed in this module, that is there is no way to add another data type to the drupal data base.
In addition to this, it is important to know what other resources on this subject are out there.
These items need to be pulled into a que where the research team can decide if they are relevant or not. Additionally, as items from this project might get introduced to the aggregation (especially via OLAC) it would be important to never show items which are sourced from this project.
At the heart of a collaborative research endeavor is a file management system which makes the right information clump together.
Keeping in mind the three things form, function and organization, (from the users’ perspective) which are mentioned above brings us to a point where we can discuss the file types and the data types of the project and how they need to interrelate. These we scan to PDFs, I assume that they are Tiffs in a PDF wrapper, but for the most part we don’t really care about the archive quality of these documents.

We also have Task Types: Elicitation in writing, oral elicitation, Video events, analysis, publication, Sharing, collaboration, note taking, publicity, engagement of the community, collect, annotate, archive, produce community products, Implementation of the Plan. Suggest related metadata which is already in the system based on input in the upload process. Allows uploading files as a standalone content type and provides a comprehensive file management framework.
Provides WebDAV access to nodes with attached and related files by group, group taxonomy, node type, and file type. This module provides a method to configure number formats (site default and user defined) with configurable decimal point and thousand separators. Export and import complete taxonomies, hierarchical structure or simple lists of terms and properties to or from a CSV file, url or text. In Kamaishi City, Iwate Prefecture, where more than 1,000 people died or were left missing due to the tsunami caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake, 2,911 elementary and junior high school students escaped the tsunami. Since 2004, the Board of Education of Kamaishi City has tried to instill disaster awareness among teachers and schoolchildren under the advice of Professor Toshitaka Katada of Gunma University. All children were safe at Kamaishi Elementary School, situated in the city, where more than 90% of the pupils had gone home.
Kamaishi City has been receiving inquiries from many municipalities across Japan, which hope to take advantage of the citya€™s experience in their disaster management education. Combined, the two events have left over 3,000 dead, tens of thousands more unaccounted for, eradicated coastlines and have brought Japan to the brink of nuclear disaster. Normal emergency procedures shut down 11 of Japan’s 54 reactors without major incident except for the Fukushima Daiichi plant. In the simplest of terms, the Pacific Ocean is getting smaller as the land masses move toward each other or slide by each other. Should the movement occur underwater, the displacement of earth may causes tremendous energy waves to form (like dropping a ball into a bucket of water). Earthquakes have rattled California, Washington and Alaska since records started being kept.
The similarity is that the west coast has nuclear power plants that can be impacted by earthquakes. Early reports had a potential meltdown occurring, later reports indicate that although damaged the nuclear plants are following emergency protocols and under control. Japan’s nuclear power plants have multiple levels of redundancy that should prevent total system failures of aging utility plants. It works by creating a database of assets that gives utility, municipal and plant managers complete knowledge of where their assets are and what condition they are in. By scheduling the inspection of assets on a regular basis there is less chance of having an asset fail at a crucial time due to aging. An EAM will help organize and automate work management including the scheduling of repairs, replacement of assets. This comes with my first introduction to linguistic field experience and my first field setting for a language documentation project.The project I was involved with was documenting 4 Languages in the same language family. This was fallowed by Name Mangler and lastly the one with the fewest features was Batch File Rename.
However, this forces the organizers of the files into a paradigm of viewing their files (this paradigm might be provided by the archive or it might be system of organization created just to survive the onslaught of data during the project).
That is, one might choose a topic of interest and organize the files and name them according to how they relate to the particular topic of interest.
In order to prevent project creep, it is important to clearly identify the needs of the project. A large part of this collaboration revolves around appropriate organization, perhaps the rest of it revolves around access to actionable information; having the right information collected together to and processable so that the right decisions can be made. It needs to be able to help convey these goals to the team members and the language consultants. Researchers needed a place to share citations, and the content that the citations reference (usually PDFs).
If they are relevant then they become part of the research body of literature which the team is collecting. Even as we create the plan and revise the plan with relevant background research we find that there is a need to organize the resources we have collected and then to be able to use the resources and collaborate concerning their implication on the research project.
It also exposes several functions that can be used by other contributed or custom modules to display numbers accordingly.
The tidal waves claimed the lives of five children out of those who were absent from school on that day or who had already gone home, but nearly all of the schoolchildren in the city escaped the disaster by evacuating from their schools.
However, as the evacuation rate of schoolchildren was less than 10% at the time of the 2006 earthquake off the Kuril Islands, each elementary and junior high school reviewed its plan to evacuate children while they are on their way to or from school, and decided to allocate about 10 hours a year for disaster management education, including lessons to learn of the danger of tsunami.
After the earthquake, the students of Kamaishi Higashi Junior High School ran to an evacuation site, shouting a€?a tsunami is coming!a€? At the neighboring Unosumai Elementary School, pupils gathered on the third floor as the school building itself was unharmed and the area was outside a presumed flooding zone. Geographical Survey and NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory to show how much the eartha€™s surface in Japan shifted during the earthquake in March 2011.A firefighter and disaster responder since he was 18, Russ Johnson talks about dealing with life-threatening crises like a veteran plant operations manager might discuss a repeatable business process. Although the Fukushima plant has already had two explosions a Chernobyl type disaster is highly unlikely. The friction (stress) caused by this movement builds up and then snaps like a twig when the rock cannot bear any more stress.
In fact the 1964 earthquake near Prince William Sound is the second largest recorded since 1900 as it measured 9.2 MMS with a TNT equivalent of 948 megatons. The biggest problem seems to be occurring at one of the Fukushima plants that has seen several explosions in the outermost shell over the last few days. Work is accomplished faster by eliminating paper flow through the use of handheld mobile devices. The American Red Cross is accepting donations either online or via text REDCROSS to 90999 to donate $10 from your phone. Structural and nonstructural measures had been implemented to mitigate tsunami damage based on past records of disasters, and these affected areas were known as some of the areas best prepared against tsunami disasters.Yoshihama village suffered serious damage in the 1933 tsunami. However, the data and meta-data are not without relationships; relationships to each other, to the participants, to the local geography, to other languages, to project plans and objectives, to linguistic theory, to community interests (just to name a few).
Yet one more limitation of the files system is that it does not allow for the re-use of metadata (implied meta-data based on associations of files). Students or above, and have proficient command of computing technologies as a computer user (obviously there will be some variation in proficiency). Several important goals were considered before even settling on Drupal as a CMS or base solution.
Also to be taken into account are other technological tools used in a language documentation project. As files are created and held in this content management solution it needs to be able to relate files to multiple deliverables. They needed to be able to share the citation data so that various authors on documents related to the project had a single source of citations they were referencing. The right clumping of collected resources and creations enhances analysis, communication and ultimately helps to achieve the goals set out in the plan. In March 2010, a manual for tsunami disaster prevention, written by teachers, was completed and incorporated into disaster management education at all 14 of the citya€™s elementary and junior high schools. However, after seeing junior high school students fleeing, teachers decided to evacuate the children from the school. He has made a professional career of leading and analyzing responses to large-scale emergencies with an eye toward improving outcomes.

When the waves approach a land mass, the waves slow down, become compressed and the height of the wave grows resulting in a surge of water.
When a natural disaster of this magnitude occurs there is going to be extreme damage and casualties. However it is possible that with a solution which enables a distributed workforce to collaborate on a single project that anyone with a computer and a browser will be able to use the tool. They also needed a way to talk to each other about how a resource is used, relevant to the project or otherwise of interest.
The Data Types and File Types for every project will depend on the tools used and the deliverables. In all, approximately 600 students fled to a group home for the elderly which was about 700 meters away, and had been designated as an evacuation center.
Wild forest fire, flood, earthquake, locust infestation, drought, tsunamia€”Johnson has managed or supported responses to all of these. Not that the points of topical interest are any less valuable to the language documentation project but that the organizational taxonomies are different. After receiving advice from a local resident who saw the cliff behind the group home collapsing, the students, sensing the danger,A  ran up to a nursing care facility on higher ground about 500 meters from the group home while junior high school students held hands with elementary school students.
The total evacuation ratio can be said to be up to 90%, because the population of the area 1 km from the coast line zone was around 450,000, and total casualties were no more than 30,000.
The heart of the language communities were a 2-3 hour drive from where we were staying, so we could make trips to different villages in the language community, and there were language consultants coming to us from various villages. There were several schools of thoughts among the participants, and there were different kinds of objectives for each of the participants.
Due to the limitations of today’s (2011) OSes only one hierarchical structure can be used at a time. However, the capacity and the functions to which the various participants would be involved in using the tool could conceivably change or at least vary.
Methodologies from both Language Documentation and Language Description (Descriptive Linguistics) need to be accounted for, as projects, depending on their purpose, staffing and desired impacts are likely to use methodologies from both sub-fields of Linguistics. A typical case of a successful evacuation was that of the students in Kamaishi City.The tsunami magnitude was exceeded the assumptions of design and caused the damages to the tsunami seawall. Those consultants who came to us were computer literate and were capable of writing in their language. It is unfortunate that when looking at larger projects and packaging content for archives, that these methods of arranging data (with their organizational structures, and necessarily so) are not organized by the way that many researchers would pre-fer to organize their data so that it is useful to them while they work.
The junior high school students also helped kindergarten children and elderly people at the nursing care facility to escape. The method used to account for these was to walk through a Language Documentation project to experience first hand the work-place data handling requirements.
Where is the infrastructure damage that you need to temporarily get it reinstated?a€?That these questions (and many others) all can be expressed in terms of geographic information system (GIS) data has been a mission for Esri since the early years of Johnsona€™s firefighting career.
In a sense, the project was product oriented rather than (anthropological) framework oriented.
But while the principle of the a€?layered maps with intelligencea€? has remained, other aspects of the GIS field have changed.
On the first term of the study period, the study team concentrates collecting pieces of information on disaster event for the purpose of understanding what actually happened.
Subsequently, detailed analysis will be carried out in the second term of the study period using the research results and other information available. The audio file, the video file, the transcription, the translation, the geo coordinates relevant to the recording, etc.
Combining a host of data sources that are both static and dynamic helps responders anticipate what is likely to occur next. The next logical question, if the organization by event option is selected, is to choose how to organize the events.. Typical data sources include images from ground level, satellites and aircraft with heat sensors, population records, weather reports and forecasts, flood zones and topography, road positions,A  locations of homes and other buildings, and seismic data.Timeliness of updates. Although the project study is corresponding pretty much to the primary phase of the strategy, we are looking at the contribution of our experiences and lessons learned from the disaster to international society. Another reason was that files could not be sorted and arranged based on meta-data values associates with the files.
In his last job in the field 10 years ago, Johnson says he received thermal imagery detailing wild fires every morning 5 or 6 a.m.
International organizations, such as UNISDR and World Bank and so on, will discuss some frameworks, strategies and directions of the next generation.
We hope that the project study will give some findings and outputs back to such international trend as well.
Now, he says, web-based maps can display images taken two minutes prior, uploaded to a cloud-based system and displayed on a screen.Wider accessibility, including mobile devices.
The ease-of-use of the systems makes the disaster response data more accessible to more people. Johnson says he once depended on GIS experts who understood how to manipulate data to create paper maps. The challenge now is not getting the data but it is getting the right data that supports the function and the right job,a€? he says.During the Tsunami in Japan, a Data Discovery During the aftermath of the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami in Japan, Johnson says his team assembled a map of the country using aerial and satellite imagery. Effects on the transportation network and power grid.While working with colleagues in Japan, from Esri and two universities, Johnson says that they learned that the Honda Corp.
Such data adds a layer of insight to where survivors could find shelter.Esri also charted social media posts geographically. Additional data from the Pacific Disaster CenterA provided updates about the potential for a second tsunami.
Sometimes ita€™s a problem, he says, but in general field communications continues to improve.A more serious challenge is what Johnson refers to as a€?cultural barriersa€? among government agencies. Some officials fear the technology, or do not understand how it can be useda€”and this prevents them from sharing information that can benefit responders in the field.a€?There are organizations [that] for whatever reason are fearful of sharing their information back and forth and that becomes really critical for disasters. Because, as you know, disasters do not recognize political boundaries so the ability to share information and have a common view of the same data so that you are making coordinated, collaborative type decisions that everybody can execute ona€? can mean lives saved, he says.Some government authorities may have legitimate reasons not to share data, but Johnson says there are techniques available to share data needed for disaster responders while safeguarding the rest.
The UN stands by the people of Japan, we will do anything and everything we can at this very difficult time. Martin Foster says in more than 30 years in Japan, today's quake was the "biggest I have ever experienced at first hand". As we see the scale of what develops, we will continue to hope for the best and prepare for the worst. A spokesman said the company was assessing the impact of power outages and damage to its facilities in the region, which make Blu-ray discs, magnetic heads and batteries. Locals have not enforced evacuations from coast amid hopes impact will not be as bad as feared.
We are in contact with the Japanese government and I have asked our Ambassador in Tokyo to offer all assistance we can as Japan responds to this terrible disaster. Our Embassy and Consulates-General across Japan are in touch with local authorities and making contact with British Nationals to provide consular assistance. Those connected with larger organisations such as companies, schools or church groups should also try to let these organisations know of their situation if possible.

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