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A Practical Guide to Free-Energy Devices                                                                               Author: Patrick J.
This chapter covers a number of devices which either are unlikely to work, or which have too little practical information available to assist replication attempts. This device is a perfect example of a free-energy device as it powers itself and provides kilowatts of excess mains electrical power.
The "Swiss M-L Converter" is a fully symmetrical, influence-type energy converter which is essentially based on the Wimshurst electrostatic generator with its twin counter-rotating discs where metallic foil sectors generate and carry small charges of electricity to be stored in matched capacitors. Two brushes collect the accumulating charges and conduct them to the storage capacitor located at the top of this device.
The twin discs are made of acrylic (plastic) and the metallic segments are steel, which causes the Searle Effect with electromagnetic conversion made at the rim of the discs through passive electromagnets. The self-propulsion after hand-starting the discs is achieved through the adoption of the Poggendorff principle (a German scientist of the 1870s) in which slanted conductive brushes produce self-rotation in electrostatic motors (not generators). The special crystal diode module probably provides the dual functions of frequency regulation and capacitance amplifier - to the two Leyden jars - as part of the electrical resonance circuit, since it is connected with the horseshoe magnet coils.
The M-L Converter is completely symmetrical with two acrylic discs, a light metal lattice, insulated copper wires, a secret crystal-diode rectifier, and gold-plated electrical connections.
In electrostatic generators, the air molecules between the two acrylic discs which counter-rotate closely side by side, become electrically activated by friction. The unit is hand started by revolving the two discs in opposite directions until the Converter is charged up enough to synchronise itself and continues to rotate smoothly and noiselessly without any external source of input power.
This suggested explanation of the M-L Converter contains a number of very interesting points. There is a video produced by Don Kelly (presumably, a different person) which puts forward another theory of operation. However, he describes the barium ferrite magnet as being the same type as used in radio receivers, and they are standard "ferrite rods" which are not permanent magnets as far as I am aware.
Another possibility is that the jars also contain a spark gap and surrounding copper pick-up shells and as the machine operates silently, the jars have a vacuum inside them. One very interesting fact which has been reported by the Swiss group is that if a series of copper, aluminium and Perspex sheets are placed in a magnetic field, they generate a high voltage. If you wish to understand the operation of electrostatic discs, then the McGraw-Hill book “Homemade Lightning” by R.A.
If a copper disc is rotated in a magnetic field, then power is developed between the shaft and the outer edge (or any intermediate position). This looks like a very viable starting point to develop a device which can run itself and provide useful additional output, since a motor to rotate the disc will not require anything remotely like 1000A to drive it. It might just be possible to get a reasonable working device by accepting that the current output is not going to be anything like 1000A.
This appears to contradict the “laws” of conventional electricity as there is a very low resistance short-circuit directly across the brushes which pick up the AC voltage output. While the operation of these devices looks impossible at first glance, it needs to be understood that copper has some very unusual characteristics when interacting with magnetic fields.
Using those facts and considerable ingenuity, Tesla proposed an arrangement where the power take-off is from the axle alone, by using two separate copper discs and magnetic fields which moved in opposite directions. While it is possible to use the belt to drive one of the discs, Tesla did not use that method.
The Mini Romag generator from Magnetic Energy uses the principle of moving magnetic flow named "the magnetic current" for generating electrical power. This generator needs to be started by using an external motor to rotate it at 2,100 rpm for some 42 seconds. The starting procedure generates magnetic energy within the six coils of copper wire, the copper tube supporting these coils and the copper coated steel wires wrapped around the magnets. Each of the 12 magnets receives eleven complete turns of 0.032” thick copper coated steel wire. Twelve pieces of mylar insulation, 0.005" thick, are inserted into the cores of the wires (9 above). Plastic insulation paper, 0.002" thick, is to be placed around the inside and outside of Part #14. There are six coils of insulated copper wire, each coil having 72 turns of .014 thick wire. The reason that this generator is included in this chapter is because the construction is quite complex.
If you want the background details of cold fusion history, then there are several web sites which follow the progress in this field, including “Cold Fusion Times” here where considerable detail is available. This system started with William Lyne’s concept which he published in his book “Occult Ether Systems” in 1997.
The prototype shown in the photograph below, was then built by Alexander and passed to Nikolas where it was tested extensively.
The technique used involves repeatedly converting a quantity of hydrogen gas from its diatomic state (H2 where two hydrogen atoms are bonded together to form a stable molecule), to its monatomic state H-H (where two hydrogen atoms remain as separate atoms, not closely bonded together) and back again to it’s original form. This technical note aims at describing a test which I personally conducted in Izmir, Turkey on 17th July 2005. The apparatus was confined inside a metallic box sized 550 x 380 x 270 mm, weighing some 20 Kg, and I was allowed to inspect everything outside this box.
After a short start procedure, the metallic box and the load were both fully isolated from the environment, ensuring that there was no physical contact or connection to external power sources such as the public electric mains supply, at any time during the whole duration of the measurements.
I had prepared the power measurements with care, by using reliable instruments which I personally brought with me from my own University laboratory. The start-up procedure consisted of connecting a small 12V DC lead-acid battery to two contact points inside the box for a few seconds. Immediately after the start-up procedure, I could hear noise such as would be produced by parts rotating inside the box. From time to time, using my hands, I attempted to find a temperature gradient inside the box, but I could not detect any variation or increase in the temperature compared to the room temperature. For that reason, the OceanStar information is placed here, among the “Unlikely to Result in a Workable Device” section.
This is a portable system that generates electrical power via an accumulator that provides the initial motion for the system. A system which generates electrical power via an accumulator that provides the initial motion for the system This is a portable system that generates electrical power via an accumulator that provides the initial motion for the system.
Below are the explanations of the figures that provide a better understanding about this invention.
An external power source such as a battery is used to initially supply power to start an alternator and generator. A commutator is a single slip ring split into left and right halves that are insulated from each other and are attached to opposite ends of the coil. It is an objective of the present invention to provide an energy source that generates more energy than the energy source requires in order to operate. It is a second objective of the present invention to provide a system that uses the excess energy produced by the energy source to power other various devices.
It is a third objective of the present invention to provide an energy source for supplying power to various devices without the reliance on an external energy source for supplying power to the energy source of the present invention.
The present invention provides an energy source that is capable of producing more energy than it requires to operate.
In the method of the invention an external power source such as a battery is used to initially supply power to start an alternator and generator. Fig.1 is a configuration of an implementation of the internal power generating system of the present invention. Fig.2 is a configuration of an alternate embodiment of the internal power generating system of the present invention. This invention is an electric power-generating device that produces several times more power than it takes to operate this system. Although, Fig.1 shows a lamp device, other loads can be used to accomplish this same a task. In operation, initially, the battery 10 is used to supply power to start the alternator 20 and generator 30. The key aspect of the present invention is the loop between the alternator 20, electric motor 30 and the first inverter 40.
Fig.2 shows an alternative embodiment of the power generating system of the present invention.
This document was originally produced at the request of an Australian man who said that the cell worked well for him but that he was afraid to publish the details himself. Simple arithmetic applied to the claimed performance of this device, shows that much of the claimed mileage has to have been covered without using any fuel at all.
This definitely sounds unbelievable, but as it happens to be the way that things actually are, there is little point in pretending otherwise. In the early days of heavier than air flight, observations were made and based on those observations, practical operating rules were deduced.
One day it was observed that if you apply those laws of aerodynamics to bumble bees, then according to those laws, it was not possible for a bee to fly since there was just not enough lift generated to get the bee off the ground.
Today, people who are trained in science and engineering are fed the idea that internal combustion engines need to consume a fossil fuel in order to operate. The “laws” of engineering say that it is not possible for an internal combustion engine to run without consuming some sort of fuel.
Another thing widely accepted today is that an internal combustion engine can’t use water as a fuel.


Ah, says somebody with relief, that is not the case, because you are using water and electricity to get the fuel for the engine. But the laws of engineering say that you can’t get enough electricity from the alternator to produce enough gas to run the engine. Unfortunately, there have been several people who have done just that, so we have reached the point in time when these “laws” need to be extended to cover cases not covered by the work of Faraday. Leaving that aside for the moment, there have been at least two people who have managed to power an engine with water as the only fuel, and without using electrolysis. This document describes another system which uses water and air as the primary fuels, but again, does not use electrolysis to generate hydroxy gas for use in the engine. This system may be used with any internal combustion engine, whether used in a vehicle or stationary when powering an electrical generator or other equipment. The versions of this cell design shown in the previous photograph and the following photograph, are early models which were in use before it was discovered that there was a considerable enhancement in gas production if a coil is wrapped around the cylinder.
For vehicle operation, it is more normal to have a shorter cylinder, (or pair of cylinders if the engine capacity is large) as can be seen in the following photograph of a 4-litre, 8-cylinder vehicle engine which uses this system. The construction details are not difficult to follow and the materials needed are not particularly difficult to find nor expensive to buy. The chamber is sealed at each end with 12 mm (half inch) thick discs made from “Lexan” (a very strong polycarbonate resin thermoplastic). The gas outlet pipe is continued from the one-way valve using plastic tubing for a few inches. For the initial testing period, a filling port with a screw cap is mounted on the top of the cylinder, in order to allow the water inside to be topped up as necessary.
There is one further step, and that is to add an inner cylinder of 316L grade stainless steel.
The inner nuts are manoeuvred on inside on of the lugs by hand and then the threaded rod is rotated to move one nut to the inside of the other lug, while the nearer nut is held to prevent it rotating. This gives a 9 mm clearance between the two cylinders and this gap stretches 360 degrees around the cylinders.
The gas outlet pipe is connected directly to a vacuum port directly below the carburettor on the manifold of the engine. The exact method of mounting the cell in a vehicle depends on the vehicle, so this is something which you will need to think out for yourself. The cell is filled to a depth of 25 mm (1 inch) below the top of the outer cylinder and then (on the first occasion only) one or two grains of rock salt are added to the cell.
When the cell is first connected, you will notice that the engine ticks over faster and tends to rev more than it did before. It should be realised that if the vehicle has a fuel-control computer with an oxygen sensor mounted in the exhaust stream, then the oxygen sensor signal will need to be adjusted.
In the diagrams shown earlier, the gas pipe, water-filler cap and the battery positive connection bolt have all been shown on the top of the cylinder.
It is necessary for the gas pipe to be positioned at the top as that gives the best clearance above the water surface. This arrangement has the advantage that it does not require a filler hole to be drilled through the steel cylinder. It is necessary for the electrical connection to be welded to the cylinder, but it is not necessary to have a head on the bolt as that just gets in the way of the electrical coil.
The bolt is kept just clear of the end cap to avoid fouling it when it is clamped on to the cylinder. An alternative to using the rather expensive “Lexan” for the end caps, is to use “UHMWP” - Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene which is cheap and easy to obtain as plastic food-chopping boards are usually made from it.
It has been suggested that the topping up of water in the cell can be automatic if you wish it to be so. When the electrolyte level drops below the upper bolt, the circuit contact to the control circuit is broken and the circuit responds by powering up the water pump, which injects a little water to bring the electrolyte level back up to where it should be. Circuitry suitable for this is shown in Chapter 12, and there is no reason why you should not design and build your own circuit for this. In the initial stages of testing and installation, when adding rock salt, be very sparing indeed. Let me remind you that during the initial cell testing, the air intake needle valve is closed completely and it is not eased open until the engine is running satisfactorily.
If the vehicle is fitted with computer control of the fuel supply, it may be necessary to apply some control to the unit by adjusting the signal coming from the oxygen sensor placed in the vehicle’s exhaust system. Answer: No, you can eventually eliminate petrol altogether but the engine runs so cleanly that old carbon deposits around the piston rings and elsewhere will get cleaned away and the components may rust. Answer: Some years ago, a Mercedes car dealer ran his own emissions test on a new Mercedes diesel, using his own equipment. Other independent gas-analyser tests showed that there is an increase in water emissions and a drop in carbon emissions as less fossil fuel is used. Question 1: Where do we connect the outlet hose from the D18 fuel system to the engine on a late model car with fuel injection system? Response: There is a throttle body on the engine and it is connected to a rubber hose which goes to the air filter. Important Note: Since the practice of using alternate fuels by the public is not widely accepted it would be expedient to locate the fuel inlet opening on the under side of the hose out of plain view. Question 2: What do I do I have to do to make the on-board computer function properly with my new booster? The Negative Electrode: This is the outer cylinder, which is connected via a metal strap to the chassis.
Construction: The inner cylinder is separated from the outer cylinder by spacers made out of ebonite or any other material which will not deteriorate within the cell. Drain: There should be a drain at the bottom of one of the end plates, so that you can drain the cell without having to remove it from the vehicle. Electrical Generation: The cell will continue to produce electricity after engine shutdown which will also lead to gas production, so take the precaution of discharging the cell. Electromagnetic InductionWe have seen previously that when a DC current pass through a long straight conductor a magnetising force, H and a static magnetic field, B is developed around the wire.
The magnetic flux developed around the coil being proportional to the amount of current flowing in the coils windings as shown. Therefore, the magnetic field strength of a coil is determined by the ampere turns of the coil.
But what if we reversed this idea by disconnecting the electrical current from the coil and instead of a hollow core we placed a bar magnet inside the core of the coil of wire.
Likewise, if we kept the bar magnet stationary and moved the coil back and forth within the magnetic field an electric current would be induced in the coil.
Electromagnetic Induction was first discovered way back in the 1830’s by Michael Faraday.
So what Michael Faraday discovered was a way of producing an electrical current in a circuit by using only the force of a magnetic field and not batteries.
Likewise, if the magnet is now held stationary and ONLY the coil is moved towards or away from the magnet the needle of the galvanometer will also deflect in either direction. In other words, Electromagnetic Induction is the process of using magnetic fields to produce voltage, and in a closed circuit, a current. If we were able to move the magnet in the diagram above in and out of the coil at a constant speed and distance without stopping we would generate a continuously induced voltage that would alternate between one positive polarity and a negative polarity producing an alternating or AC output voltage and this is the basic principal of how a Generator works similar to those used in dynamos and car alternators. In small generators such as a bicycle dynamo, a small permanent magnet is rotated by the action of the bicycle wheel inside a fixed coil. The simple dynamo type generator above consists of a permanent magnet which rotates around a central shaft with a coil of wire placed next to this rotating magnetic field.
Faraday’s Law tells us that inducing a voltage into a conductor can be done by either passing it through a magnetic field, or by moving the magnetic field past the conductor and that if this conductor is part of a closed circuit, an electric current will flow. But a changing magnetic flux produces a varying current through the coil which itself will produce its own magnetic field as we saw in the Electromagnets tutorial.
Likewise, if the magnetic flux is decreased then the induced emf will oppose this decrease by generating and induced magnetic flux that adds to the original flux. Lenz’s law is one of the basic laws in electromagnetic induction for determining the direction of flow of induced currents and is related to the law of conservation of energy.
According to the law of conservation of energy which states that the total amount of energy in the universe will always remain constant as energy can not be created nor destroyed.
But the conductor may not actually be part of the coils electrical circuit, but may be the coils iron core or some other metallic part of the system, for example, a transformer.
Eddy currents generated by electromagnetic induction circulate around the coils core or any connecting metallic components inside the magnetic field because for the magnetic flux they are acting like a single loop of wire.
The changing magnetic flux in the iron core of a transformer above will induce an emf, not only in the primary and secondary windings, but also in the iron core.
Eddy current and hysteresis losses can not be eliminated completely, but they can be greatly reduced. These laminations are very thin strips of insulated (usually with varnish) metal joined together to produce a solid core.
Round wire is enamelled to provide electrical insulation and has no effect on a coils magnetising properties. 3:How does the relative permeability of ferromagnetic material very with magneto motive force? Draw the relative movement of a conductor in a magnetic field as the current increases and relative movement of a conductor in a magnetic field as the current decreases. It doesn't matter what's used to spin the shaft - How is Electricity Made, is all the same.


When it comes to How Is Electricity made, power stations need large amounts of energy to turn the turbines. Steam turbine generators, gas turbine generators, diesel engine generators, alternate energy systems (except photovoltaics), even nuclear power plants all operate on the same principle - magnets plus copper wire plus motion equals electric current. So, when it comes to How Is Electricity Made, where do all the different fuels come in when it comes to How Electricity Is Made? E-newsletter service - Exciting industry trends, technical developments, product information, forums and electrical training courses.
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A moderate AC amperage circuit provided by the dual horseshoe magnet coils (Searle Effect) as the plus and minus discs pass by them.
A resonant circuit in which the horseshoe magnet coils are connected to the diode capacitor so that frequency regulation is assured. Electrostatic conversion using twin discs for positive output from one and negative output from the other. The evidence of the Searle Effect from the use of multiple, identical steel segments inducing and EMF in electromagnets at the rim of the discs.
Ford (ISBN 0-07-021528-6) gives full details of Wimshurst machines and plans for constructing your own, improved version. According to Magnetic Energy this generator is able to produce 3.5 volts, 7A DC (24 Watts) of free electricity plus sufficient power to sustain itself.
This charging is accomplished while the six coil connection wires, (shown as 22 in the above drawing), are making contact and setting up their alternating magnetic poles.
Each slot (7 above) has 19 pieces of these wires fitted into the Mica, thus these wires do not contact the Brass rotor.
When the unit is driven at start-up (hand crank) for 42 seconds at 2100 RPM, all six jumper wires must be together which means the plus wire goes to the minus wire connected by the start switch. Two batteries are used in this system and the system is kept working via the initial motion provided by these batteries.
There exist two accumulators(1), and the first motion provided by the accumulator is carried to the regulator. You can use it at places where there exist no electricity, or at places such as villages, cities, buildings, greenhouses where there is no network.
If the wire is then wound into a coil, the magnetic field is greatly intensified producing a static magnetic field around itself forming the shape of a bar magnet giving a distinct North and South pole. If additional layers of wire are wound upon the same coil with the same current flowing through them, the static magnetic field strength would be increased. With more turns of wire within the coil, the greater the strength of the static magnetic field around it.
Then by either moving the wire or changing the magnetic field we can induce a voltage and current within the coil and this process is known as Electromagnetic Induction and is the basic principal of operation of transformers, motors and generators. Faraday noticed that when he moved a permanent magnet in and out of a coil or a single loop of wire it induced an ElectroMotive Force or emf, in other words a Voltage, and therefore a current was produced. This then lead to a very important law linking electricity with magnetism, Faraday’s Law of Electromagnetic Induction.
When the magnet stops moving and is held stationary with regards to the coil the needle of the galvanometer returns back to zero as there is no physical movement of the magnetic field. Then by moving the magnet back and forth towards the coil the needle of the galvanometer will deflect left or right, positive or negative, relative to the directional motion of the magnet. Then the action of moving a coil or loop of wire through a magnetic field induces a voltage in the coil with the magnitude of this induced voltage being proportional to the speed or velocity of the movement.
Alternatively, an electromagnet powered by a fixed DC voltage can be made to rotate inside a fixed coil, such as in large power generators producing in both cases an alternating current. As the magnet spins, the magnetic field around the top and bottom of the coil constantly changes between a north and a south pole.
This voltage is called an induced emf as it has been induced into the conductor by a changing magnetic field due to electromagnetic induction with the negative sign in Faraday’s law telling us the direction of the induced current (or polarity of the induced emf).
This self-induced emf opposes the change that is causing it and the faster the rate of change of current the greater is the opposing emf. In other words, an induced current will always OPPOSE the motion or change which started the induced current in the first place and this idea is found in the analysis of Inductance.
We now know that when a relative motion exists between a conductor and a magnetic field, an emf is induced within the conductor.
The induced emf within this metallic part of the system causes a circulating current to flow around it and this type of core current is known as an Eddy Current. Eddy currents do not contribute anything towards the usefulness of the system but instead they oppose the flow of the induced current by acting like a negative force generating resistive heating and power loss within the core.
The iron core is a good conductor, so the currents induced in a solid iron core will be large. The laminations increase the resistance of the iron-core thereby increasing the overall resistance to the flow of the eddy currents, so the induced eddy current power-loss in the core is reduced, and it is for this reason why the magnetic iron circuit of transformers and electrical machines are all laminated. Kelly also suggests that the two cylinders seen on the M-L Converter, are Leyden jar capacitors and that they work together as described by Sir Oliver Lodge (whose book is on this website). After the 42 second start-up time one of these coil connection wires is opened by switch (24 above) leaving the working load in its place. Alnico 4, M-60; 12 AL, 28 Ni, 5 Cobalt Fe, Isotropic permanent magnet material cooled in magnetic field, Cast 9100 TS.
The magnetic flow direction between the upper 6 wraps and the lower 6 wraps is attained by the ‘flow direction’.
To be sure each coil has the exact wire length of 72 turns, a sample length wire is wrapped then unwound to serve as a template for six lengths.
Contactor (6) keeps the starter dynamo working by disconnecting the accumulator (1) once the regulator (2) is put in. This rotational movement of the magnetic field results in an alternating emf being induced into the coil as defined by Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction. This self-induced emf will, by Lenz’s law oppose the change in current in the coil and because of its direction this self-induced emf is generally called a back-emf.
However, there are electromagnetic induction furnace applications in which only eddy currents are used to heat and melt ferromagnetic metals. Furthermore, the eddy currents flow in a direction which, by Lenz’s law, acts to weaken the flux created by the primary coil. The wires are wrapped around the magnet starting at the top ‘north’ half and then after 11 complete turns the wire exits at the lower ‘south’ half. A suggested coil winding method is to fill a small spool with one length then by holding the copper tube at the lower extension, then start at the plus wire in Figure 2 and temporarily secure this wire to the outer surface of the tube. To double check your connections between the coils, note that the finish wire of coil #1 goes to the finish wire of coil #2, which is top layer to top layer.
Our system, which generates electrical power, does not need any other devices and it keeps on generating energy via its own mechanism.
Consequently, the current in the primary coil required to produce a given B field is increased, so the hysteresis curves are fatter along the H axis. 2 What is the maximum induced voltage that could be produced by ordinary or rather domestic magnets and coils, meaning by the magnets and coils you could usually use at home.
The spinning turbine causes large magnets to turn within wire coils - these are the generators. When inserted in the rotor the outer faces of these 12 magnets are not to be machined to a radius. This pattern then has start of coil 2 (bottom layer) going to start of coil 3 (also bottom layer). For balancing procedure, either add brass weights or remove brass as needed by drilling small holes into rotor on its heavy side. Feedback dynamo start sending pure DC current to regulator via shunt (12), capacitor (14) and diode (13). The moving magnets within the coil of wire causes the electrons (charged particles) to move within the coil of wire. When the copper tube with the coils is placed around the rotor, the distance from any magnet to any coil must be identical.
This device can work without connecting it to a network so it is possible to use it at places where electricity does not exist. How many number of coils must one make to insure a current is induced by those ordinary or small temporary magnets.
If it measures different, acrylic holding shapes can be bolted to the aluminium base, protruding upward, and thus push the copper tube in the direction needed to maintain the spacing as stated. This ‘changing magnet spacing’ aids in not only the release cycle but also contributes to rotational movement. After winding this coil, repeat the process, filling the small spool with another length of pre-measured wire. A very important magnetic response happens as all six coils have their second layers spaced in this way.



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