Magnetic pulse ignition system quiz,free public domain lyrics,disaster plan for georgia fail - Easy Way

Gy6 racing CDI (ignition timing adjustable CDI)Gy6 adjustable CDI  racing CDI performance CDI Ignition timing adjustable. Motorcycle ignition coil motorcycle parts electronic ignition coil ignition system motorcycle ignitiSpecifications ignition coil is available 1.With stable frequency, nice appearance. The basic principle of a conventional inductive ignition system has not changed for several decades till it became unable to meet the needs as regards energy output and contact breaker performance. The following descriptions cover the basic principles of the electronic ignition systems used during the period from the start of the changeover from the mechanical breaker to the latest.
This system incorporates a normal mechanical breakers, which drives a transistor to control the current in the primary circuit. The basic principle of a breaker-triggered, inductive, semiconductor ignition system is illustrated in Fig. A small control current passes through the base-emitter of the transistor when the contact breaker is in closed condition. When the spark is required, the cam opens the con­tact to interrupt the base circuit, which causes the tran­sistor to switch-off.
In the closed position of the contact breaker, a small current flows in the control circuit. The power transistor T<i has to be robust to handle the large current and high voltage due to self-induction. An electronic switch in place of the mechanical contact breaker offers the following ad­vantages.
The three main types of pulse generator are (i) inductive (ii) hall generator, and (Hi) optical. The change in the magnetic flux generates an emf in the inductive winding fitted around the iron stator core. As the rotational speed of the trigger wheel controls the rate of change of the flux, the pulse generator output varies from about 0.5 V to 100 V.
A Bosch pulse generator operates on a similar principle but has a different construction (Fig. Once the metal vane is clear of the air gap, the chip is exposed to the magnetic flux and the Hall voltage is applied to CD. This type works on sens­ing the spark point by using a shutter to interrupt a light beam projected by a light-emitting diode (LED) on to a phototransistor. The control module, or trigger box, switches the current of the primary winding of the ignition coil in agreement with the signal received from the pulse generator. The primary circuit of this system is similar to the Kettering system with the exception that a robust power transistor fitted in the control module makes and breaks the primary circuit in place of a contact breaker. The dwell period in this stage is normally varied by altering the start of the dwell period. The voltage supplied to this resistor-capacitor (RC) circuit must remain constant irrespec­tive of the variation in the supply voltage to the control module due to changes in charging output and consumer loads. The sequence of events from the time of receiving the signal from the original pulse generator to the instant of the spark in the cylinder is illustrated in Fig. If the primary circuit is broken, the secondary voltage increases until the spark is initiated. When the system is incorporated on 6- and 8-cylinder engines it becomes necessary to decrease the percentage dwell at speeds beyond 5000 rpm, otherwise the start of the dwell would occur before the end of the spark discharge period. Figure 16.43 represents a simplified control module circuit indicating the four main sections A, B, C and D discussed as follows. Use of the Zener diode (ZD) ensures application of constant voltage to control sections B and C and is not affected by voltage variations occurring in other circuits of the vehicle. Primary current in the coil flows when the pnp transistor T\ is switched-on, which is controlled by T3. At high speed, the T2 is switched-on for a short period thereby allowing only partial discharge of the capacitor. If a forward-biased voltage is applied to the base-emitter circuit of T5, the transistor is switched-on. Another method of achieving dwell-angle control is to superimpose a reference voltage on to the output signal supplied by the pulse generator (Fig. After installation, the distributor is accurately set for the engine and, because it has a breaker-less construction, no further check of the timing is necessary during servicing of the vehicle.
This system, installed on the Accord, contains an inductive-type pulse generator and a control module called an igniter (Fig.
If the ignition switch is closed with the engine stationary, R2 applies a voltage to the base of T\. Zener diodes ZD\ and ZD2, fitted at each end of the primary winding, conduct to earth the high-voltage oscillatory current caused by self induction and thereby protect both transistors from high-voltage charges. This system stores high voltage electrical energy in a capacitor until the trigger releases the charge to the primary winding of a coil. Hi) It provides a constant input current and constant output is available voltage over a wide speed range. Although the CD system is specifically suited for the high performance engines, a spark duration of about 0.1 ms given by this system is normally too short to ignite reliably the weaker mixtures used in many modern engines. The system can be triggered by a mechanical breaker, but a pulse generator, either of inductive or Hall effect type is used to make the system more attractive. A voltage transformer capable of providing either a single- or multi-pulse output is used to charge the 1 uF capacitor to the voltage of about 400 V.
The external appearance of an ignition transformer of a CD system is similar to a normal ignition coil, but internally it is quite different. In Germany and Austria today there are signs of the seriousness with which geopathic stress is taken. If you find time, this geopathic stress documentary is extremely interesting and compliments the work I have been doing over the last 12 years and 30 years my father before me with the same conclusions.
Please scroll down the articles on this page for a more scientific understanding of geopathic stress. There is also an interesting piece of research at the end of the page about the credibility of Vega testing for geopathic stress. The most useful research document is below under the heading a€?Vienna Reporta€™ Read my summary and then either open up the original research document in German or the Poor English translation after the summary. The first studies that proved a link between cancer and geopathic stress were carried out in the early 20th century in Austria and Germany but, so far geopathic stress has been largely ignored in the UK. A A A  Long term exposure in combination with other types of energy such as Hartman lines, high electromagnetic fields or geological faults can give rise to optimistic abnormal cell growth and cancer.
Germany has long been the seat of research in to the biological effects that pathogenic locations can have on both human and plant biochemistry. Historic roots of the investigation are built on claims that pathogenic zones exist at certain locations and that sleeping or spending long periods of time above them are linked to cancer, debilitating diseases of the central nervous system, chronic fatigue and general ill health. The research was conducted by a team of distinguished professors, doctors, engineers, scientists and dowsers. To test this hypothesis the research team used the services of three dowsers known for there expertise in locating earth energies.
At present, these so called a€?Disturbed Zonesa€™ can only be indicated by dowsers, with its presence being then verified with scientific instrumentation. The Project a€?The project involved the testing of 24 different biological parameters involving 985 trial volunteers in 6,943 investigations using 462, 421 individual measurements.
Decoder Analysis of the Total Bioelectric Status a€?This investigation was significant and was carried out on a number of patients from a country medical practice.
Heart Frequency Reaction (HFR) a€?In these investigations measurements from an electrocardiogram (ECG) were used in both sitting and lying down positions. Akrale Re-warming Time a€?The temperature measurement at the finger tips revealed that after standardized cooling on the a€?Disturbed Zonea€™ the Rewarming time is delayed significantly.
Optical Flicker Fusion Frequency a€?This test measures the psycho sensory capabilities of the person.
Coordinative Vegetative Rhythm a€?Passive rhythms such as breath and pulse frequency operate in balanced Coordinative rhythms especially when at rest.
Muscle Frequency Analysis a€?Significant location variations in the distribution of the muscle action frequencies were found in areas of electric muscle potential. Calcium and Potassium a€?On a€?Disturbed Zonesa€™ potassium levels increased with a rising significance and calcium increased significantly. Serotonin a€?Decreased by a factor of 6 on the a€?Disturbed Zonea€™ whilst increasing its metabolism to advance Tryptophan in compensation. The a€?Location Effecta€™ of the a€?Disturbed Zonea€™ on regulatory systems of the human organism is proved without doubt and raises the question of which substratum, subsystem or system the location dependent powers primarily attack. The test results were lined up by Biometric Significance and are valued with the Serotonin and the Blood Corpuscle Decline Speed (BSG) in lead position. Serotonin a€?Serotonin is diminished on the a€?Disturbed Zonea€™ and its metabolism advances the tendency for Tryptophan to be increased. The research team concluded that there was no evidence to relate a€?Location Loada€™ to a specific illness but should be rather determined as a risk factor that can reinforce the effect of different pathogenic factors.
Only rudimental evidence is available today, if such zones could be measured using accepted physical apparatus.
One of the reasons why an incontrovertible physical measurement of the assumedly existing electromagnetic fields appears to be impossible at present could be that these are very variable, broad-banded and at the same time only present in very low power strengths, a€?hiddena€? in the surrounding electromagnetic noise. One can assume that there are many origins for the effects of different locations on humans, animals and plants.
Low energy, broad-banded and dynamically changing EMFs, creating resonance with structures of the human organism, may well be part of the geopathy phenomenon.
In addition, the dipolar nature of H2O-molecules can also be part of the origin of such fields. Piezoelectricity is the ability of certain crystals and certain ceramic materials to generate electrical and magnetic signals in response to applied mechanical stress. Inside an ideal quartz crystal, the electrical charge of the elements silicon and oxygen cancel each other out.
Another well known use of piezoelectricity is found in lighters using piezoelectric ignition: There, sudden mechanical pressure onto a synthetic quartz crystal block (containing high amounts of exactly aligned synthetic lattice crystal cells) leads to the generation of high voltage. Another aspect of the geopathy phenomenon, which appears to be largely underestimated in its importance, could be found in the presence of a€?longitudinal scalar wavesa€? (5). The existence of longitudinal wave proportions, as also present in the near field of a dipol antenna, could already be shown experimentally by Nikola Tesla (1856-1943) (16-16).
Proteins and most other bio-molecules are not at all a€?nonrigida€? structures; in order to fulfill their functions, they possess the ability to dynamically change their shapes within certain limits. Huge amounts of very tiny magnetic crystals (magnetite crystals) have been found in the brain, and these could react very sensitively to the slightest changes in magnetic fields (20). Even though in today's popular media, pseudo-scientific and quasi-medical reports on the topic of geopathy are presented to the public, no a€?peer revieweda€? medical journal indexed in MedLine had published statistically firm and sound provable evidence of geopathic effects on humans until most recently. Our first concepts how to address the geopathy phenomenon were based on the descriptions and personal discussions with the late Otto Bergsmann (a€  2004) and Alois Stacher (medical doctors, both from Vienna, Austria) and carried out in close co-operation with Adolf Wiebecke and his team (Salzburg and Oberalm, Austria). For detection geopathic stress, we have followed the design of a randomized, double-blinded non-clinical trial (54-44), following the ethical guidelines of the expanded Helsinki Declaration (56). During the experiments, the complete GDV system was mounted on a trolley, in order to measure the effects of the two different zones in the laboratory room directly a€?on sitea€? without moving the test person to another place. To gain reliable data, we paid careful attention to a number of issues influencing stability, reproducibility and safety (24, 30, 37, 45): Throughout the whole study, the very same GDV system was used. As overlaying technical fields possibly influencing the results may have been present, we used sophisticated calibrated equipment to scan and record low and high frequency EMFs, potential acoustic noxae or vibrations during the whole study period, as well as a variety of additional physical parameters.
Further analyses were carried out for complementary medical parameters included in the GDV software package. Those people who are already in the beginning stages of poor health may sense an added sensitivity for diseases of different kinds when staying longer on geopathic locations, as well as notice that healing processes may take longer than usual.
As there are no reliable measuring instruments available so far, presently it makes sense to take advice from an experienced dowser.
If constructional arrangements are not possible before erecting a building or before starting a reconstruction, which is supposedly the case in most instances, there are also other practical possibilities: provided that there is a will to do so, it should be possible to move beds or desk seats, in order to get them out of interference zones. Everyone can do something to prevent negative influences by sources that cause stress: anything that lowers stress in general also helps one deal with specific stress factors, and zones, from any origin. Furthermore, many studies confirm that people who are a€?living healthilya€? a€“ who manage their weight, refrain from smoking, enjoy the outdoors, participate in sports, etc., - have stronger immune systems and feel definitely less stress than their a€?unhealthy livinga€? fellow men.
For those who cannot (or do not want to) adopt many of the above mentioned choices, due to illness, age, or some other reasons, things could become more difficult. Our studies show that it does matter on which location you stay for a longer period of time. What is the relevance of our findings for hospitals, convalescent homes and rehabilitation centers?
The term a€?wellnessa€?, which is composed of the ideals a€?well-beinga€? and a€?fitnessa€? as well as a€?life-stylea€? and a€?happinessa€?, to a modern point of view denotes a holistic concept of health.
In a pilot study (unpublished findings), we have found indications of more aggressive behavior by children living or working on geopathic locations. Naturally, the negative effects of geopathic stress zones also have considerable commercial impact. The follow-up costs associated with longer a€?chronica€? stays on geopathic interference zones are probably enormous: As said before, geopathy is a matter of a€?burdened work placesa€? leading to decreased ability of the employees to concentrate and to increased probability of employees' illnesses.
So far, the present scientific evidence of effects of geopathic zones on humans has been mainly found using complementary medical methods, with the exception of the GDV a€?area-of-glowa€? parameter. At the same time, we have already started experiments above different geological zones to test such key parameters contained in saliva, using biochemical assaying well accepted by orthodox medicine: various hormones, neuropeptides and immunological relevant substances are going to be tested a€?non-invasivelya€?.
The authors extend thanks for their great help in conducting the quoted research and its essential components to this manuscript. For their innovative and far-seeing pioneering work and active scientific exchange in the field of geopathy we thank Univ.-Doz. When it comes to the topic of earth radiation, water veins and earth dislocations a€“ the so-called geological disturbances a€“ the layperson will usually associate this with hocus-pocus concepts such as a€?Dowsers,a€? often a man with large whiskers and an ironic smile.
Many people do not believe the dowsera€™s tale, and associate it with occult illusion a€“ even if successes have been reported simply by moving a bed to a different area of the room.
The most common reason for the prejudice of the person listening -- who generally considers himself to be moderna€?and intelligent -- is the fact that nowhere do we find soa€?many absurdities, contradictions and a€?silly thingsa€? as in this area. Ten allegedly qualified dowsers generally come to ten different conclusions in the same apartment or building. I am sickened when I am told how people play tricks with the fears and hopes of seriously ill individuals.
I hope to make a contribution in this area so that we may have an objective discussion of this subject. For years, sensitive electronic measuring devices have verified the old knowledge about earth radiations. You can actually measure the natural radioactive radiation from the earth, all over the globe. We are born amid these natural manifold-radiating processes and there is no doubt that they are appropriate, important, healthy, and life protecting. But there are also zones (areas) where radiation intensities are noticeably different from the norm.
I might measure a level of radiation along a long-line, for example, and often the intensity will change suddenly, giving me an entirely different value. Sometimes these higher intensity zones area€?frequent and can be detected every other yarda€?or so.
It is interesting to note that gifted dowsers will show swinging of rods or pendulums exactly where you would measure these significant anomalies too. I do not like to define, prematurely, every swing of a rod by a gifted dowser or every measured peculiarity as a a€?water veina€? or a a€?dislocation.a€? I have never dug into the ground to find the object which I assumed to be in existence while I was measuring on top of the ground.
It is the task of science to connect one thing with another, and to analyze these connections. My practical experience is sufficient for me to know that concentrations of terrestrial radiation can be measured, and the findings will show noticeable differences from natural points of reference in the natural environment. What do we really measure, with our sensitive electronic instruments, if the objects are earth radiation, geological disturbances, water veins and dislocations? I refer to my own personal experiences, with different measuring approaches, and do not pretend exclusiveness.
That means: when you are above geological disturbances you can measure the distortion of the terrestrial magnetic field, similarly to that of magnetic steel. Here the compass is not the appropriate device because the declinations are so small that they cannot generate any substantial swing. This measurement approach is not appropriate for house and bedroom examinations, however, because the artificial distortions coming from steel used in construction, materials, metal fixtures, and even the bed itself, can cause a blur in the measurement or make a reading entirely impossible. I think the argument is exaggerated; that these anomalies of terrestrial magnetic fields above geological disturbances are sufficient to cause biological problems.
Conclusion: Though you can measure geological peculiarities, the application a€“ in rooms a€“ is rarely reliable.
A second peculiarity, as far as earth radiation is concerned, is that air ions often change. Ion measurements are extremely difficult and ambiguous since many factors in your house mix up the air ions even more than the terrestrial radiation is capable of.
This measurement is just impossible under the influence of an electrically radiating wall, or an electrostatically loaded curtain. I have discovered that a plastic bag, within a five-yard distance of the measurement, can change the environment of the air ions more radically than what could be possible from the geological subsoil. Measurements of the VHF field strength often show a drop in the measurement curve when taken above disturbances. Within buildings, however, evaluations are almost impossible as the measurements within walls are highly unreliable. One has to be very critical and attentive so as not to be taken in by too rash and incorrect conclusions. Many manuals say that locating geological disturbances by using the VHF field strength is childa€™s play.
The geo-rhythmogram measures the skin resistance of a person from hand to hand with simple electrodes and a fitting ohm-meter. When the skin resistance of a test person is normal, at 40 kilo ohm (Aschoff), the values can go up to 100, 200, or even higher when you are above zones of disturbance. Even when all pre-conditions are fulfilled some problems remain: All stimuli towards the test person will be included into the measurement.
Only with enough experience can you relate anomalies of the skin resistance to geological stimuli, and totally exclude that they are not produced from radio alarms or a spring mattress. If you can do that, then the physical measurement can be reproduced and give a reliable result. Particularly interesting is the fifth possible approach to measuring terrestrial radiation. That means: As I measure the natural radioactive radiation with a sensitive radiometer, I will get values of 100 percent or more if the measure is above a so-called disturbance zone.
Though the natural basic radioactivity of the earth has some local differences due to climate and the earth level, the base level is generally consistent. From my experience, regular and reproducible increases in radioactivity above geological stimuli areas, in the range of up to 100 percent, are profound and are significant. If you can sleep for the next 20 years with only half the amount of radioactive disintegrations -- after a change of the bedroom position a€“ then, as a matter of caution, I see no reason to stay in the area that is doubly charged. I think it is greatly exaggerated to speak rashly of a€?cancer zonesa€? if you are referring to terrestrial radiation and other corresponding peculiarities. According to my own personal experience, and the findings of innumerable research and test reports, the healing successes after moving the bed cannot be discounted merely as psychological reaction placebo or coincidence. During a meeting in Seattle, USA, I detected this phenomenon in a 22 floor hotel, on six different levels: in the underground garage, at the first floor near the reception, and on the roof -- always the same high values, down below and at the top, on the same premises. As you know, I have found houses in which the radioactive radiation was higher than that which could be found in playgrounds and public swimming pools near the Chernobyl accident. The reason for this is radioactive construction materials: cinders, ashes, chemical gypsum, tiles, pumice and metallurgical stones -- all sorts of possible and impossible industry waste. Additionally, certain antiques, minerals and glazes a€“ in direct range of your body a€“ can radiate so strongly that biological risks can become immense. While visiting three patients with brain tumors, I found just beside the head of one person a very old alarm clock that was radiating radioactivity; with another, a dark green glazed image of St. For measuring terrestrial radiation, I use my most expensive instruments: highly sensitive scintillation counters. My experiences with measurements of radioactivity soon led to the decision to build a measuring device especially well-suited for building, biological, and geo-biological work, and one that was constructed to my own specifications.
The very high sensitivity of the third prototype convinced me: more than 250 impulses per second in a normal radiation background, and more than 500 impulses per second on geologically disturbed surfaces.
Besides its extreme measuring preciseness, the scintillation counter has the particular advantage of being extremely sensitive to gamma rays. With his super-sensitive measuring device (of more than 1,000 impulses per second!), he has shown that you can find water from the ground surface - guaranteed. More than 35 years of experience makes it possible for Stangle to define, with his measurements, the exact depth, the amount a€“ to the very gallon -- the mineralization, and the temperature of the localized water.
The Daimler-Benz company made five expensive unsuccessful drillings before they called Jakob Stangle with his scintillation counter. In 1972 Jakob Stangle walked through Vilsbiburg with his scintillation counter and totally confirmed the work of his sensitive predecessor by exact measurements, in two absolute blind tests.
An architect intended to buy and renovate a large villa at the Baldeney Lake in Essen, Germany. Another time, a doctor recommended to the manager of a concert agency to have her home examined by me.
She also looked into the geological maps and found the disturbance was mapped by the Krefeld agency. After these results, I bought several geological maps from North Rhine Westfalia, Germany, and checked ten plotted geological disturbances with my measuring devices. The introduction of new exhaust emission criteria in 1965 and the demand for improved fuel economy in 1975, have forced to use electronics into ignition system to meet the statutory requirements for a vehicle.
The transistor performs as a relay, which is operated by the current supplied by a cam-operated control switch and thereby called as breaker-triggered.
This switches-on the collector-emitter circuit of the transistor and allows full current to flow through the primary circuit to energize the coil.
With sudden opening of the primary circuit a high voltage is induced into the secondary, which produces a spark at the plug. 16.25) to protect the semiconductors from overload due to self-induction and to minimize radio interference. While most of this current passes through Ri, a very small proportion is passed through the base of T\ to switch-on the transistor. These conditions are more critical when a low-inductance coil is used, especially if the engine is started.
This system is main­tenance free in respect of constant replacement, dwell adjustment and setting of the spark timing. This provides a higher energy output from the coil at high speed, but has no risk of HT erosion at low speed.
The maximum voltage is induced when the rate of change in flux is greatest, which occurs just before, and just after, the point where the trigger tooth is closest to the stator core. This voltage variation, combined with the frequen­cy change, is used as sensing signals by the control module for various purposes except spark trigger­ing. Citroen use a single metal slug called a target, bolted on the periphery of the flywheel and a target sensor mounted on the clutch housing (Fig. When a chip made of semiconductor material carries a signal current across it, and is exposed to a magnetic field, a small voltage called the Hall voltage is generated between the chip edges at 90 degrees to the path taken by the signal current. A typical control performs four functions such as pulse shaping, dwell period control, voltage stabilisation and primary switching (Fig.


16.38 represents the output voltage from an inductive-type pulse generator connected to a control module circuit. Pulse signals received from the dwell period control stage are passed to a driver transistor acting as a control current amplifier. When this occurs the voltage needed to sustain the spark falls to a value, which is then maintained until the output energy is no longer sufficient to support the sparking process. Except for the changes due to mechanical defects, a breaker-trig­gered system has a constant dwell over the whole speed range.
Any increase in dwell start beyond point (3) reduces the spark duration because this limit represents the end of the sparking discharge period. This problem is overcome by using a transistor in the control system to switch on the primary current at a given time after the spark has been initiated. Voltage drop across a diode is constant and this feature is used to provide the regulated voltage to drive the control circuit.
Transistor Ti is switched-on when the pulse generated by the external trigger opposes current flow from the battery to the trigger via the diode D. The switching of T3 is controlled by the current supplied through i?5 and the state-of-charge of the capacitor C.
This allows the capacitor plate, adjacent to T2, to pass the charge to earth that it received from Ra when T2 was switched-off. Consequently, the time taken to charge the capacitor is shorter and the dwell commences at an earlier point providing a longer period.
The pair uses two robust transistors, T5 and Tq, which are integrally put in a metal case having three terminals-base, emitter and collector. This increases the voltage applied to the base of T& and if it exceeds the threshold value, T% is also switched-on. 16.43, which prevent damage to the semiconductors due to high transient voltage and also reduce radio interference.
This voltage is above the trigger voltage and, since the resistance of the pulse generator’s winding is above 700 Q. If the polarity of the generator’s emf at the T\ end of the winding is negative, the resistor R2 supplies current to earth through the winding and diode D\. The coil in this case is a pulse transformer instead of normal energy-storage jdevice (Fig.
Since the speed of build up is about ten times faster than the inductive type of electronic ignition, the CD system reduces the risk of the HT current shorting to earth via a fouled plug insulator or taking some path other than the plug electrodes.
To offset the problem of short spark duration, advantage of the high secondary output is sometimes used to provide a larger spark by increasing the spark plug gap. The AC signal from the generator is applied to a pulse shaping-control circuit, which converts the signal into a rectified rectangular pulse and then changes it to a triangular trigger pulse to fire the thyrister when the spark is required.
A diode is installed in both cases, between the charging stage and the capacitor to prevent the flow of current from the capacitor.
A standard coil in place of an ignition transformer, however, operates without damaging the system, but many of the advantage of a CD system are lost.
If you continue to stay in these areas especially during sleep, then in the long term the stresses on our bodies will emerge as more serious conditions such as, diseases of the central nervous system, Multiple Sclerosis (MS), Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS), miscarriages, and cancer.
Not only are the public more generally aware, but their governments funds aid and continuing research in to the matter. Geopathic Stress is only one of them and it is becoming more difficult to gauge especially when the natural energy field is constantly changed and amplified by man-made electromagnetic fields. The phenomenon has been linked to insomnia, migraine, headaches, loss of balance, short -term memory loss, joint pain, cot death, infertility, miscarriages, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME) and cancer. It has been known for a long time that when there is flowing water under a dwelling the inhabitants always feel more tired, are prone to premature aging and have a loss of vitality than those who sleep above neutral ground. I have the original 134 page research document in German and a badly translated version in English. These pathogenic locations defined in the report as, a€?earth radiation's evoked by a discontinuity of the normal physical parameters on the surface of the earth,a€™ and shortened to a€?Disturbed Zonesa€™ are the subject of the research. Such locations have been termed in China and many European countries as either a€?curseda€™ or a€?cancera€™ houses. The functioning hypothesis of the research was that geophysical characteristics of the surface of the earth are not uniform and that location dependent influences exist that can have a detrimental effect on both human and plant biochemical systems. They were enlisted to independently dowse eight different locations and submit reports and diagrams of the strongest a€?Disturbed Zonesa€™ found, together with a a€?Neutral Zonea€™ at the same location to enable them to carryout double blind experiments with volunteers at each selected location. Technology does not yet exist to do this the other way round; the dowser does not yet appear to be replaceable with scientific instrumentation. However because of the high standard of the research only significant results were accepted.
The stereotypical result on the a€?Disturbed Zonea€™ was deterioration of the electro-biological functioning in the sense of depression or blockage of bioelectric functions.
In the 15 minute time exposure on the a€?Disturbed Zonea€™ the results remained under the significance barrier. An apparatus able to discriminate such low energy broadband EMFs from noise apparently is not yet available. Both, technical and biological systems can be influenced by EMFs, whereby numerous questions are still open, such as the concerning limits and the nature of physical interference fields (5).
As an extremely dielectric medium, water favors the formation of potential vortices, which immediately after their formation contract swiftly. In nature, piezoelectrical dischargings can occur in some areas of geological a€?warpsa€? containing quartz sand particles, and may be another plausible cause of geopathic stress effects (14). When a crystal lattice cell is compressed by mechanical pressure, an imbalance is the result, manifesting itself in the development of a tiny electrical voltage (Fig.
In spite of the fact that scalar waves in the field theory of Maxwell are usually neglected and set to zero, numerous experiments can lead to the conclusion that they do really exist and influence the human organism (5). The presence of pure physical interactions and in addition also of a€?physiologic sensorsa€? located inside the body can be assumed. Physical resonance is defined as a synchronization of two sources which vibrate with the same pulse frequency but with contrary polarity. Internal protein dynamics can potentially affect protein function through a variety of mechanisms, some of which are tautological or obvious in nature while others are subtle and remain to be fully explored and appreciated (18). Black dots on magnetic resonance imaging pictures (MRI) of human brain tissue led researches to the idea that these could be magnetic particles.
Evidence that these microscopically small magnetite particles would function for some kind of sensory perception in humans could not yet been confirmed.
Previously described effects and descriptions of the pioneers (1, 3 and others) in this area unfortunately arena€™t available in the standardized, scientifically acceptable nor reproducible format required for peer-reviewed medical journals, but rather as monographs. Because of the lack of a€?directa€? physical measurement techniques for the doubtlessly existing a€zenergy fieldsa€? at least partly originating in the ground, we decided to use the human body as an indicator.
Being fascinated by its highly sensitive ability to detect stress effects, and also by the fact that this method is being used world-widely for manifold applications combining a€?pure physicsa€? with complimentary evaluation of apparently high accuracy, we could reproducibly show using this method that different zones above ground do exhibit different effects on the human organism.
In addition to the promising data presented in numerous publications before, including our own, we are presently in the middle of an evaluation targeting a validation of GDV mean area-of-glow as a reliable measure of certain aspects of stress. All test persons had been informed about the GDV system and related safety issues, and about the fact that they may feel a slight a€?crawlinga€? in their finger tips.
In practice, to capture one a€?static GDV imagea€?, a very stable high voltage (10 kV, 1.024 Hz, square pulses) is pulsed on and off every 10 ms for a duration of 0,5 s.
For each test person and test phase, 50 single static measurements were performed (each finger tip was measured 5 times for 0,5 s).
Before use, the GDV camera (kept inside the laboratory at constant room temperature) was switched on at least 30 minutes prior to measurement, and careful calibrations were performed. In addition to the calculation of descriptive data (mean, median, standard deviation etc.), we carried out Gaussian normality tests and subsequently used the paired two-sample t-test for dependent variables to determine whether there are significant differences between the 4 experimental sub-period results. The two measurement areas in the laboratory used for the experiments turned out to be indistinguishable from the aspect of technical fields and acoustic background noise, and the field strength and loudness levels present were far below existing (safety) guidelines.
Statistical significance again was enormously high (p < 0,0001) when compared to the results on those zones without the a€?Wavea€? device (24). In later stages, it my not be impossible though that chronic stress caused by geopathic locations may finally even forward the development of malignant disease. However, according to the Munich barn-experiments (66-68) and other independent investigations, only a low percentage of the people claiming to be successful dowsers are actually capable of making reproducible and reliable conclusions. This includes methods of stress-management and relaxation techniques, such as meditation, tai chi, guided imaginative journeying, and also certain hypnotherapeutic approaches (69-73). Para-scientific reports about sleeplessness or higher rates of occurrence of different diseases have been with us for many years. In hospitals, observant physicians and nurses sometimes know from experience that there appear to be locations of sickbeds where, remarkably, many patients have a delayed recovery, or in especially blatant cases they may not recover at all. Wellness enhancing methods and applications aim to increase physical, psychological and spiritual well-being. Individual performance on a€?interference reduceda€? zones increases, and all sides - superintendents, managers and employees - would possibly benefit.
This can produce enormous costs for our social and health systems, and the hidden costs we can only suspect today.
As preliminarily presented in this book, we have already obtained data underlining the validity of GSV as a reliable instrument for measuring stress, provided that all pre-cautions are taken into account and that well-trained and experienced persons use it.
Adolf WIEBECKE (Oberalm bei Salzburg), whom we want to congratulate for his most promising invention of the a€?Wavea€? device, for the possibility of doing experimental research using his device. Seidel P, Schmidl F, Becker C, Springborn U, Biering S, Grosse V, FA¶rster T, Lorenz P, Bechstein R: Planar high-temperature superconducting dc-SQUID gradiometers for different applications. Hong R, Zhang Y, Liu Y, Weng EQ: Effects of extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields on DNA of testicular cells and sperm chromatin structure in mice. Chen P, Yang YQ, Tao HH, Yang HC: Effects of electromagnetic fields of different frequencies on proliferation and DNA damage of gallbladder cancer cells. Nylund R, Leszczynski D: Mobile phone radiation causes changes in gene and protein expression in human endothelial cell lines and the response seems to be genome- and proteome-dependent. Grassi C, Da€™Ascenzo M, Torsello A, Martinotti G, Wolf F, Cittadini A, Azzena GB: Effects of 50 Hz electromagnetic fields on voltage-gated Ca2+ channels and their role in modulation of neuroendocrine cell proliferation and death. Hecker R: Emission elektrischer und magnetischer Signale von Gestein infolge A¤uAYerer mechanischer Belastungen. Baureus Koch CL, Sommarin M, Persson BR, Salford LG, Eberhardt JL: Interaction between weak low frequency magnetic fields and cell membranes. Mathie A, Kennard LE, Veale EL: Neuronal ion channels and their sensitivity to extremely low frequency weak electric field effects.
Dobson P, Oa€™Keefe E: Investigations into stress and its management using the gas discharge visualization technique. Russo M, Choudhri AF, Whitworth G, Weinberg AD, Bickel W, Oz MC: Quantitative analysis of reproducible changes in high-voltage electrophotography.
Bascom R, Buyantseva L, Zhegmin Q, Dolina M, Korotkov K: Gas discharge visualization (GDV)- bioelectrography. Korotkov KG, Popechitelev EP: Method for gas discharge visualization and automation of the system of realizing it in clinical practice. Treugut H, Gorner C, Ludtke R, Schmid P, Fuss R: Reliabilitat der Energetischen Terminalpunktdiagnose (ETD) nach Mandel bei Kranken.
Medvedev SN, Mala€™tseva AS, Popkova AM, Serov VV, Igonina NP, Tkacheva OI, Kozin AN: Possibilities of the use of Korean acupuncture Su Jok in the clinical practice. Kato M, Honma K, Shigemitsu T, Shiga Y: Circularly polarized 50-Hz magnetic field exposure reduces pineal gland and blood melatonin concentrations of Long-Evans rats. Burch JB, Reif JS, Yost MG: Geomagnetic disturbances are associated with reduced nocturnal excretion of a melatonin metabolite in humans. Jajte J, Zmyslony M: The role of melatonin in the molecular mechanism of weak, static and extremely low frequency (50 Hz) magnetic fields (ELF).
Torpy DJ, Chrousos GP: The three-way interactions between the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal and gonadal axes and the immune system. This often results in the purchase of expensive screening and de-jamming devices, for which only the unreliable producer and distributor gets any profit. We all know that the earth a€“ in fact, all of life a€“ a€?radiatesa€? as a natural process.a€?There exists a strong terrestrial magnetic field, which guarantees that the top of a compass is always drawn to the north, no matter where you are in the world. It has been known for a long time that underground watercourses and geological dislocation produce spectacular radiation intensities. Sensitive magnetometers can, however, easily make these distortions visible and can be defined as biologically effective by experts.
This method is only justified when you know that artificial fields, from say a€“ magnetic steel, are not in the area.
That is hardly possible because the magnetic field of some spring mattresses equals more than a hundred water veins.
The importance of these findings to the area above the disturbance is very much in dispute. The results of these unqualified statements are that credulous laymen go over their bedrooms with a 30 dollar portable radio and assume there are water veins (and other phenomena of terrestrial radiation) whenever NBC or ABC gets bad reception, or a song by Elvis is jammed by noise. The much more exact electro- geobioscopy measures the skin resistance between one hand and acupuncture points on the other hand. You should consider however, that every response of a human being to the stimuli of his environment is a specific one, ita€™s individual, and cannot be easily transferred to others. This radioactive electromagnetic radiation is considered the most penetrating, strongest and biologically most hazardous kind of all of the known radioactive rays. But no onea€?can deny that an avoidable risk exists undera€?long-term influence, such as sleeping every nighta€?for eight hours in the same physical position, and doing that for many years. Regardless of the kind of radiation, no sensible scientist dares to contradict this opinion. For measuring construction material, I use proportional and Geiger-Muller-counter tubes, and xenon-large-area detectors. The rays are converted into light flashes, boosted as electrical impulses via a photo-multiplier and then calculated and displayed by sophisticated electronics.
Wust had already reported about measurements of gamma rays at a€?geopathic zones.a€? The scientists, physicists and doctors Williams, Weber, Cody, Lorenz and Bickel (the last one from California) had made similar successful experiments. He, more than anybody else, has shown that there is a relationship between subterraneous water sources and ionizing radioactive radiation. All bells rang when the drilling machine cut the granite crack 500 yards below a€“ out of which the curative water came. There turns out to be significant relationships between these zones and cancer patients of the town, as they were sleeping exactly above these zones.
My measurement of the radioactivity, with the scintillation counter, showed a 12-yard wide disturbance that could be detected in the whole house, outside the building, and in the nearby yard.
He found there was indeed a water-bearing dislocation, which was officially plotted on two geological maps made in 1911 and in 1980. In all cases, my scintillation counter showed, for hundreds of yards, values that were well above average. Legislative requirements and driver demands for better engine performance, added to the manufacturer’s marketing strategy to offer a more sophisticated vehicle are the impetus for electronic innovation in this field. When a low inductive coil and ballast resistor are used with this system, excessive contact arcing produced by the high primary current is also eliminated.
The flow of current, at this stage, in the control circuit and transistor base is governed by the total and relative values of the resistors R\ and R2. This sequence is repeated to provide the required number of sparks per each revolu­tion of the cam (Fig.
Also this circuit is unsuitable for use with a conventional contact breaker having a fixed-earth contact.
This sensitive transistor then supplies a current to the base of the power transistor T2 to switch-on this.
In this case a current of about 9 A built up in the primary circuit during normal operation can increase to about 16 A for cold-starting. The distributor unit is similar to a conventional unit except that an electronic switch, called a pulse generator, replaces the contact breaker. Figure 16.31 represents the variation in voltage due to movement of the trigger wheel through one revolution.
Since the reluctance of the magnetic circuit varies with the size of the air gap, the output voltage also depends on the size of the air gap. This is consisted of a circular disc magnet with the two flat faces acting as the N and S poles. The Hall voltage is altered due to the change in the magnetic field strength and this effect can be used as a switching device to trigger the ignition point by varying the Hall current. Moving the vane into the air gap between the magnet and the chip blocks, diverts the magnetic flux away from the chip, which causes the Hall voltage to drop to zero. If the space between the vanes decreases the time of closure of the primary circuit increases. The semiconductor chip in this model is used in an integrated circuit, which also performs the functions of pulse shaping, pulse amplifica­tion and voltage stabilization.
An invisible light, at a frequency close to infra-red, is emitted by a gallium ar­senide semi-conductor diode and its beam is focused by hemispherical lens to a width of about 1.25 mm at the chopping point.
This control feature is used to control the period of time the current flows through the primary winding of the coil to suit the engine speed.
At the proper times, current from the driver is switched-on or switched-off to control the heavy-duty power transistor of the Darlington output stage.
At this instant the secondary volt­age rises slightly before it falls and oscillates two or three times as the remaining energy is dissipated in the coil. As a result at high speed the dwell period is too short, due to which the secondary output is poor because of the comparatively low primary current.
At idling speed the percentage dwell is set large to give a high energy spark to control exhaust gas emissions. During the charging of the capacitor with current from R5 no current passes to the base of T3, and so T3 is switched-off.
At this slow speed, there is sufficient time for the capacitor to fully discharge to a point where the plate potential becomes similar to earth. In this layout the triggering of the spark at the end of the dwell period occurs at the change-over point between the positive and negative waves, but the start of the dwell period is signalled when the pulse voltage exceeds the reference voltage. The supply to the control module is provided through a four-pin multi-plug built into the distributor body.
The switching of the coil’s primary current is executed by two transistors, namely a driver transistor Ti and power transistors, T% The pulse generator uses a reluctor, which is shaped in the form of a saw tooth to produce the AC wave form. At this stage, voltage applied to the base of T\ is less than trigger voltage, and hence T\ is switched-off. Single-pulse charging of the capacitor enables the build up to maximum voltage in about 0.3 ms, whereas the oscillatory charge provided by the multi-pulse is much slower (Fig. On the other hand, if an ignition transformer is used with a non-CD system, damage to control module and transformer occurs immediately after switching on the system. While we are asleep our body should be resting so it can repair body cells, fight infections and absorb nutrients from food. In some schools children are moved at frequent intervals to avoid possible harmful effects. If geopathic stress is suspected, it makes sense to move away from the source or to think about dealing with the threat. Women are more likely to be at risk from geopathic stress because their hormonal systems are more susceptible. While water running beneath a domestic dwelling should be avoided, a stream situated nearby and open to the sky will favourably discharge its negative energies harmlessly into the atmosphere.
The aim of the report is to establish whether these a€?Disturbed Sitesa€™ can produce statistically significant results to support the high degree of topicality the phenomenon is having in both main stream and alternative medical practices.
A number of these were rejected when illnesses (circulation interference and infections) were discovered.
Three silver electrodes were used placed on the forehead, palms and soles; a microprocessor based unit automatically produced the results.
All measured parameters gave reference to location dependence with the integral rake size for Systolic ventricle work showing significantly different behaviour. It was thought however, that if the experiment allowed further time exposure the investigation may have achieved a significant result.
The Biometric analysis showed that on the a€?Indifferent Zonea€™ the pulse-breath quotient remained in balance but was significantly affected on the a€?Disturbed Zonea€™. One of the main functions of Serotonin is to act as a neurotransmitter in the parasympathetic system which controls energy provision.
Gernot PAUSER: University Clinic for Anesthesiology, Perioperative Medicine and General Intensive Care, Landeskrankenhaus Salzburg, University Clinics of the Paracelsus Private Medical University, Salzburg Federal Clinics (SALK), Salzburg, Austria. A recent technological innovation can now aid us in this quest, allowing a sophisticated physical measurability of deviations of the earth's magnetic field: the SQUIDa€“technology. In addition to the discussed weak, broadband transversal electromagnetic and magnetic fields assumed to be originated in the ground, other forms of a€?energiesa€? might exist, such as the often controversially discussed longitudinal scalar waves (5).
There is growing experimental evidence that EMFs - at least those of technical origin a€“ can have significant effects on cells and the entire organism. If you turn a water molecule with its electric charge distribution, then from the moving charge a magnetic field results. The effect was already discovered in 1824 by David Brewster and then experimentally elaborated by Pierre and Jacques Curie in 1880. According to Professor Konstantin Meyl (Furtwangen University, Germany), to a measurement technician scalar waves experimentally manifest as (antenna-)noise, a mixture of frequencies and wavelengths.
However, an extensive discussion of the origin and effects of radioactivity from the ground would go far beyond the scope of this manuscript. In the case of resonance, information is being exchanged, energies are transmitted and, in fact, a component of balance between the sources is being formed (from personal communication, A.
Certain processes of proteins as parts of their 3-D conformation have the ability to oscillate or rotate. From post mortem brains, magnetite crystals of a size of 50 nm could be isolated, and their magnetic field could be measured. However, speculations are that the presence of magnetite crystals in brain might be understood as proof of a a€?submerged magnetic sensora€?, similar to that of carrier pigeons or whales, theoretically easing human orientation and direction a€“ thus a kind of a€?relict of evolutiona€?. Nevertheless, this doesna€™t lower their importance and relevance: Those pioneers in research on the geopathy phenomenon neither had the scientific-medical verifiability methods that are available today, nor was the time mature for such publications in the kind of medical journals we know today. In our first approaches, we utilized methods from complementary medicine (bio-resonance, kinesiology, heart-rate variability, etc.).
Petersburg, Russia), as used in that work, delivers a number of sensitive and reproducible parameters (25-46). Although not yet completed, our tests appear to show that this is indeed the case: Parallel measurements of the diurnal time courses of GDV mean area of glow and of biochemical parameters collected from saliva (50-53) indicate that the diurnal curve progressions of GDV image areas and the levels of immunoglobulin A (IgA) go parallel, whilst another accepted parameter of stress, saliva alpha-amylase, progresses just the opposite to IgA and GDV.
Fifty-two voluntary test persons were measured at two locations, one of which has been identified by a group of six distinguished dowsers as being a a€?geopathic zonea€? and the other a a€?neutral zonea€?.
The electric field produces a visible gas discharge glow around the fingertip (Kirlian image), and such corona discharges have been recorded from each of the 10 fingertips of the test person repeatedly. In addition, we have recorded dynamic GDV images from both ring fingers, repeated 3 times during each test period. Each test person was asked to thoroughly wash their hands using a pH neutral laboratory soap (without re-fattening properties), followed by wiping the fingertips with alcohol.
From the results of our studies it can be concluded that geopathic zones do cause stress in nearly all of the persons tested. Such zones might cause distress (a€?malignant stressa€?) even when present for a short time, but there are also reports that (not scientifically proven) energetically stimulating zones (a€?positive energy zonesa€?) might exist, often also referred to as a€?power placesa€?. During the planning stage in construction of new buildings, the geopathy phenomenon should be taken into account, so as to consciously design and construct buildings and rooms in a manner that, in areas where people will stay for longer periods of time, geopathic exposure should be as low as possible.
Therefore it makes sense to consult with a competent building environment engineer who has experience, skill and expertise in these matters. Interestingly, these positive lifestyle choices may also show up indirectly and in the subconscious: even technically derived EMFs seem to have much less of a negative effect with people who prefer such an a€?awarea€? way of life.


It is clear that the accumulation of different factors stress can have strong effects on humans, animals and even plants. One of the tests, taken in a care center for children displaying behavioral problems, additionally showed, among other changes, that the incidence of bedwetting [nocturnal enuresis] definitely decreased when the a€?Wavea€? was present, and that the learning ability and the quality of sleep changed for the better (unpublished findings).
A serious athlete who doesna€™t sleep well before a competition is far from being as able-bodied as someone who has had a€?a good night's resta€?.
When individuals feel better, they will perform better, and be healthier and happier at work too a€“ facts that would also have economic consequences. Parameters measured in saliva in parallel to GDV, such as IgA, alpha-amylase and cortisol, appear to change in level in direct relationship to the GDV mean area of glow. From an extended vortex and field theory to a technical, biological and historical use of longitudinal waves. Their findings usually provide shockingly different interpretations of the biological effects of natural conditions. Once I move past this zone, the striking radiation intensity can decrease, giving me a a€?normala€™ value again. In all three cases, the radioactivity coming from these items were several times higher than the law allows for workers in nuclear power plants a€“ and for a short period of time only. Some of the well- known mineral waters exist only because he found their origin deep in the earth. They found water, which had the prophesied 17 degree hardness, and which flowed abundantly.
Due to much higher current flow in this coil, the erosive wear of the contact breaker is unacceptable. These resistance values are chosen to provide a control current of about 0.3 A, which is sufficient to provide a self-cleaning action of the contact surfaces without overloading the breaker. Consequently, the collector-emitter of T2 conducts and completes the primary circuit to allow the build up of magnetic flux in the coil. 16.28) with two transistors forms an integrated circuit (IC) having three terminals, E, B and C.
The number of teeth formed on the trigger wheel or reflector matches the num­ber of engine cylinders. A positive and a negative peak are established due to the build up of flux and the decay of flux rspectively. Due to the magnetic effect, a non-magnetic feeler gauge, such as a plastics gauge is used to check the air gap.
A soft iron circular pole piece is placed on the top face of the magnet which has fingers bent upwards to form four stator poles in the case of a 4-cylinder engine.
The target sensor uses an inductive winding placed around a magnetic core in such a way that the core is 1±0.5 mm away from the slug when no.
If the vane is in this flux-blocking position, the switch is off and no Hall current flows in the CD circuit. A steel chopper, having blades to suit the number of cylinders and dwell period, is fixed to the distributor spindle. Once the AC signal is fed to the trigger circuit stage, the pulse is shaped into a DC rectangular form (Fig. However, a low inductance coil improves the output in the upper speed range, but causes erosive wear at the lower speed range. However between idling and 4000 rpm the increase in percentage dwell prevents a reduction in the stored energy. The voltage at the time of switching is controlled by the threshold voltage required to switch-on T\. Once the capacitor is fully charged, current passes to the base of T3 and switches it on to start the dwell period (i.e. This causes the capacitor to attract a large charge from R5 when the transistor T2 switches off. This is dictated by the trigger signal due to which the end of the dwell period always occurs at the same time. If T5 is switched-off by the switching-off T4, the primary circuit is broken and a spark is generated. A reference voltage of 1.5 V acts on the dwell control stage at a low speed, which rises to 5 V at high speed. External LT cables from distributor are limited to two leads, connecting with the coil and ignition switch (Fig. To provide a voltage of about 400 V to the capacitor, the battery current is inverted to AC and then voltage is raised through a transformer. Because of low impedance of about 50 k?l, the CD coil readily accepts the energy discharged from the capacitor, due to which the rise in secondary voltage is ten times faster.
The CD principle is also adopted in some small engines fitted to motor cycles, lawn mowers, etc. However, if we sleep in an area affected by geopathic stress, our body has to use all its energy just to keep its vital organs going. Reports from other countries such as Switzerland, France, the Netherlands, Belgium and Scandinavia indicate that they too have been taking notice.
Geopathic stress - or harmful earth rays - is natural radiation that rises up through the earth and is distorted by weak electromagnetic fields created by underground streams, certain mineral concentrations and fault lines. Foresight, the pre-conception care organisation, even suggests that couples trying for a baby should get their homes checked for geopathic stress and ensure that electrical equipment is not located under their beds as this can cause electromagnetic stress and deplete the immune system.a€?For many of us who fall sick and seek the help of a doctor a few minutes is spent discussing symptoms and lifestyle quickly followed by the doctor scribbling on a proscription pad. In order to rule out possible influences of man made electromagnetic or microwave disturbances at each location an independent report from an electromechanical engineer was requested for each chosen site. Other participants were also used from the Outpatients Department for Physical Therapy in the Rehabilitation Centre, Grobming and from the Surgery of Dr.
This deterioration of the HFR was thought to be due to a€?Location loada€™ from the a€?Disturbed Zonea€™.
Hacker: Head, IGGMB - Research Institute for Frontier Questions of Medicine and Biotechnology, Landeskrankenhaus Salzburg, University Clinics of the Paracelsus Private Medical University, Salzburg Federal Clinics (SALK), Salzburg, Austria. In recent years, the expressions a€?geopathic stressa€? and a€?geopathic interference zonesa€? have been accepted internationally to describe the phenomenon.
At present, for most aspects contained herein, only hypotheses can be formed - and there are many of them. With Super-Conducting Quantum Interference Devices (SQUID), it is possible to quantify variations of one ten billionth [American English] of the earth's magnetic field. Certain ions and metals moved by water can a€“ depending on concentration, composition and flow rate a€“ can indeed lead to geoelectricity. If thus in a pipe a hydrodynamic flow vortex is produced, an electric and a magnetic vortex, the potential vortex and the eddy current, are the result (5). Although also present in tourmaline, topaz, cane sugar and Rochelle salt (sodium potassium tartrate tetrahydrate), the effect became particularly known for quartz.
Vice versa, quartz can be triggered to oscillate by applying a voltage to it (a€?quartz oscillator crystala€?; in use for example in crystal controlled clocks).
In the case of plasma waves, they are charged particles, and in the case of sound waves, they are air particles. Inside our body, there are the a€?intrinsica€? (internal) structures and molecules of the organism, which are either a€?resonatinga€? because of their physical nature (as with stringed instruments: compare the vibration of the string alone versus string with resonator sound box), or create a certain frequency themselves. Such only a few nanometers sized processes have been discussed as possible sites of resonance induced by external EMFs, acting as a€?protein-antennasa€? (19). The research was done in a special laboratory room that was completely shielded from the natural magnetic field of the earth by tons of steel.
But, if it would really be a relict, those particles would not exist in such a high quantity anymore. Nonetheless, what these people achieved, and their courage, as well as of the publishers who rightly published their works, deserve high credits. Although successful in some areas addressed, the effects found had not the high statistical significance required, and the methodology used was not a generally accepted one, guaranteeing medical relevance and reproducibility. For us, the mean a€?area-of-glowa€? was the best possible means for sensitively indicate stress.
In other words, a higher GDV mean area of glow value corresponds to a higher IgA level (to be understood as an sign for lower stress or relaxation), and a lower GDV mean area of glow value can be understood as an indication for higher levels of alpha-amylase, i.e.
In the specific setup for the static GDV images used in our study, the overall GDV image area values calculated are to be understood as mean values of 50 single finger GDV images in total, per test period.
A number of further statistical analyses were performed, also including distribution-independent tests.
Such areas have been dowsed within some churches and other buildings constructed centuries or often thousands of years ago. Mental components are just as important: the more someone lives consciously, and even optimistically, in a state of positive thought, the less external stress factors can influence the person somatically. Possibilities to minimize the effects of geopathy on our organism in general have already been discussed above. Thus, for this practical reason it may be worth considering installing a device that has a balancing effect here.
The results of our research are of great relevance for a€?wellness-centersa€? too: sustainable success in relaxation and stress management methods is essentially dependent upon the particular location of sleeping and of therapy beds. The number of staff on sick leave will probably decrease in the long run, when all employees work at geopathically (and otherwise also) more balanced work places. Soon, we shall have completed those experiments testing a number of test persons sufficiently high for good-practice statistical examination.
Petersburg Division of the Russian Ministry of Culture, State Editing and Publishing Unit a€?Kulturaa€™, Petersburg, pp 58a€“83 (1999). After hundreds of tests, I can say: With special ion meters (electronic instruments that measure the number of small ions in the air) you can detect increased measurement values above the area of a disturbance a€“ particularly in the range of positive air ions.
My electro-geobioscopic measurements use test devices that are well tested in medicine: Aschoff, MORA, and Vega. This reason alone is sufficient to adopt an electronic system in place of the mechanical breaker. At the time of the spark, the contact breaker is opened, which interrupts the current in the control circuit and base circuit of T\. Therefore, the high currents associated with this type of coil can be switched effectively only by electronic means. When a small current is supplied to the base of T\t it switches-on and causes a proportionally larger current to flow to the base of T2. The solid state control module makes and breaks electroni­cally the primary current for the ignition coil by amplifying and processing the signals received from the pulse generator. If a tooth comes close to the soft iron stator core, the magnetic path is com­pleted causing a flux to flow. A similar number of teeth are formed on the trigger wheel to make a path for the flux to pass to the carrying plate supporting the magnet. This controls the time periods of the light falling on the silicon phototransistor detector. The switching of Ti occurs at a very low threshold voltage so, for practical purposes, the switching is considered to take place when the trigger potential changes from positive to negative.
Since the time taken to provide this charge is long, the switch-on point of T3 is delayed and a short dwell period results.
At the instant T2 switches-on, the capacitor starts to discharge, which causes T3 to switch-off to trigger the spark. The stronger pulse signal, combined with the higher ref­erence voltage, provides a longer dwell period (Fig.
If the emf from the pulse generator is reversed, the combined effect of the voltage from R2 and the emf from the pulse generator triggers and switches-on Ti, and switch-off T2 to interrupt the primary current and give a spark at the plug. This short charge-up time overcomes the need for dwell-angle control since the charge time of a CD system is independent of engine speed. As battery is not used in these cases, the energy needed by the CD system is supplied by a magneto. As a result our immune system becomes weakened, which means it has difficulty in absorbing nutrients or fighting off infections as efficiently as it should. Claims and counter claims abound regarding devises to achieve this, leaving the public in total confusion. The wave lengths of the disturbed natural radiation can seriously affect our health, causing cancer, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME) infertility and miscarriage.
It may surprise you therefore, that in many European countries, Germany and Austria in particular, one ofA  the first questions the doctor may ask is about theA  location of your bed and how long have you been sleeping there. Most explanations tried concentrate on the existence of natural electromagnetic fields (EMFs) present at particular locations, a€?interferinga€? with the organisms. Overlapping, or a a€?build upa€? of resonance effects are also part of the geopathic phenomenon. With a proportion of 12 % of the upper eartha€™s crust, quartz is the most frequent mineral after feldspar. In the case of resonance, both sources attract each other, which can be explained and calculated by the occurrence of field changes during that process (5). When experimentally irradiated by EMFs of frequencies in between about 1-2 GHz, they displayed a changing of conformation, respectively changing in their manner of oscillation, even when only very low field strengths had been applied (19). Magnetic particles in the brain could turn out to be one of the reasons why dowsing can work. Furthermore, one can acquire a€?corona diagramsa€? in the manner of complementary medicine from the individual allocation of the a€?coronaa€? gas discharge from the different fingertips, following the principles of the energya€“meridian theory and of acupuncture.
The exact test design, as well as the way how dowsers independently labeled the different zones in the laboratory test room, have been described in detail (24).
The glass plate surface of the GDV camera was cleaned using alcohol frequently, and it was taken care that none of the test persons had wet hands. The corona diagrams directed into a weakening of the energies of the immune system and the pineal organ (which might be understood as an indication of possible changes of the melatonin production) (compare to: 57-60), the cardiovascular and the urinary system in many of the test persons. The a€?Wavea€? device investigated in our study could therefore, by its balancing effect, not only aid in lowering of stress, but also be understood as a tool for disease prevention. Concerning the a€?Wavea€? device especially interesting is the fact, that it substantially reduces stress in people on a€?neutral zonesa€? too, a finding which indicates that there is no real a€?neutral zonea€? existing. In the following, we will briefly show what addressing geopathy do affect health care facilities, public places, and economy. By inference, if these results are applied to public facilities in general, the a€?Wavea€? could probably have a number of desirable effects in schools, offices, banks, supermarkets, etc. Contrarily, at a€?highly burdeneda€? workplaces, performance will decrease, discontentment grows, and the vulnerability to diseases and the resulting rise of employees' illnesses will be greater.
Ursula DEMARMELS-HACKER, for her love and support, and for abandoning many evenings and weekends of togetherness to find time for investigation and creation of this manuscript.
In this layout the transistor T\ is connected in series with the contact breaker in the control circuit and it acts as a driver for the power transistor T%.
However, the reliability of a normal power transistor is reduced at this high load, hence a Darlington amplifier, a special dual-transistor is used with this coil.
This in turn, switches-on T%, which allows the main current to flow through T2 from the collector to the emitter.
Additionally, the control module senses the engine speed from the pulse frequency and accordingly varies the dwell time to suit the engine speed. The mid-point of change between the positive and negative pulses is used to signal the requirement of a spark. The voltage output is similar to other pulse generators except that the control module (computer) in this case receives only one signal pulse per revolution. Switching action is carried out by vanes on a trigger wheel, which is driven by the distributor spindle. A three-core cable connects the Hall gener­ator with the control module, and the leads form signal input, Hall output and earth. This transistor forms the first part of a Darlington amplifier, which builds up the signal and includes a means of preventing timing change due to variation in line voltage or due to dirt accumulation on the lens. This energy system incorporates a high output coil and is electronically controlled to vary the dwell period suiting to all speeds. Once the thyrister is triggered, it continues to pass current through the switch even after the trigger current has ceased. As the primary winding of the ignition transformer (coil) always receives a similar energy discharge from the capacitor, the secondary available voltage is constant throughout the engine speed range (Fig. From an incredible range of gadgets offered there are many tales about their ineffectiveness or of making the receiver feel much worse. These questions are routinely asked not only by several thousand doctors, but also many cancer specialist hospitals will recommend a Geopathic Surveyor or Geobiologist as they are often called to investigate your home before deciding on a course of therapy or reaching for the prescription pad. It was reckoned with over 95 a€“ percentile certainty that there is a location influence on the governing system of the circulation. Many a€?specialistsa€? presume that the origin to be in the ground a€“ below the earth surface. Furthermore, technically generated EMFs are present on every place on earth; their likely influence on our health is presently the subject of intensive worldwide research. Whittaker already in 1904 showed mathematically that the known and accepted Laplace Wave Equation of the year 1787, besides indicating transversal electro-magnetic waves, also describes longitudinal scalar waves (15).
The magnetite-particles could also be visualized and further analyzed using a high-definition transmission electron microscope.
In any case, magnetite crystals in the brain could possibly be a hint to explain how (certain qualities of) geopathic zones may affect the body: Magnetite reacts more than one million times stronger to an external magnetic field than every other biological material.
Using that particular aspect, we were able to indicate which organ systems of the body might be affected by geopathic stress. A third marker, saliva cortisol, although displaying its very own rhythmicity, also appears to fit into the concept that GDV could be reliably used for biophysical stress measurement (Hacker and Augner, unpublished results). Altogether, more than 137,000 individual fingertip GDV corona images were captured, interpreted by means of computer-aided image analysis and analyzed in detail using bio-statistics. For further calculations and analyses, the GDV Meridian Analysis and the GDV Diagram software (both with version no. The latter device had been mounted or de-mounted in another room at an upper floor, and neither the test persons nor the examiners could see if the device was present or not.
The test persons were advised to keep their fingers still and relaxed during measurements and not to apply undue pressure when putting their fingers onto the glass plate at an angle of approximately 30-degrees to the instrument axis (28). If present for a prolonged time, however, eustress may soon turn to distress and thereby suppress the immune system. We would therefore suggest using a terminology towards a a€?more geopathica€? and a€?geologically more neutrala€? zone in this context. Johanns-Hospital, so far, more than 50 a€?Wavea€? devices have been installed to harmonize critical locations - especially in the intensive care unit and in the entire surgical ward), and at other major hospitals (e.g. Thus, especially in already existing establishments, the purposeful placement of a€?Wavea€? devices can be of great benefit.
The aggregate economic success of a company or institution can very well be in the balance; responsible (and visionary) managers should take heed of the results of our studies in their plans and act accordingly. Petersburg Division of Russian Ministry of Culture, State Editing and Publishing nit, a€?Kulturaa€™, pp 84a€“108 (1999). Similar to the previous systems, resistors limit the base current in T\ and T2, and also the contact-breaker current. For control purposes, Citroen incorporate a second target sensor of identical construction to the other sensor and adjacent to the starter ring teeth on the flywheel. It is possible to generate a spark with the Hall generator when the engine is stationary, which is not possible with the inductive pulse generator.
The signal sent by the generator to the control module switches on the current for the primary coil.
However, the height of the rectangle, or the current output from the trigger circuits, is independent of engine speed. At low speed the percentage dwell is kept relatively small, which is increased progressively with the increase of speed. The RC Time Constant, in this case, is determined by the amount the capacitor is discharged prior to receiving its charge from R5. No pulse signal is generated when the en­gine is stationary, so no current can flow through the coil and hence the dwell control cannot operate.
Due to sudden discharge of the high voltage energy to the primary winding, a rapid rise in the magnetic flux of the coil takes place, which induces a voltage in excess of 40 kV in the secondary circuit to produce a high intensity, short duration spark. There are many products on the market that claim to cure some or all geopathic zones of its noxious energy. However, if we sleep in an area affected by geopathic stress, our body has to use all ita€™s energy just to keepA  vital organs going.
The search, using both dowsing methods to locate geopathic energies and scientific instruments to detect man made electromagnetic energies willA  determine whether your illness is linked to geopathic stress electromagnetic stress or both. Frequencies in between about 0,1 Hz up to the GHz-range are being suggested in public literature. The most exciting result of those experiments was that, most of the regions of the brain appear to contain about five million biogenous a€?single-domaina€? magnetite crystals per gram wet weight on average, and the meninges (pia and dura mater) contain even more than 100 million. Recently, in the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, an article describes possible roles that magnetic ferrous amalgamations could play in neurological disease (21). The accordant calculations and projections were done interactively using specific software for analysis, based on the energy-emission-analysis according to Mandel (47-48), the Su-Jok-System of acupuncture (49) and clinical data of thousands of test persons from the St. In order to minimize chronobiologic influences to a sensible degree, the experiments were carried out only in forenoons, and also in that respect, phase randomization in time was an important prerequisite (24). As already stated above, technical fields and noxae [nocent influences] of different kinds are present everywhere on earth. In the workplace and in the home: this is only part of the whole picture, because a€?ready to goa€? or rested and productive employers and employees should also be able to benefit at peace and harmony at home. The components of this ignition system are similar to those used with a conventional system except for the extra control module containing the power transistor. This sensor signals the passage of each flywheel tooth so that the computer can count the teeth and determine the engine speed to set the ignition advance suiting to the conditions. Care should be taken while handling this system as there is risk of receiving an electric shock.
Therefore, when the chopper cuts the beams the primary circuit is broken and a spark is produced at the plug. Most of these claims are quite dubious and do not stand up to the most rudimental scientific testing. As a result our immune system becomes weakened, which means it doesna€™t absorb nutrients or fight off infections effectively. If so, you will be advised how to avoid or eliminate these harmful energies from your home so you stand a better chance of responding to any treatment given. In our following attempts at explanation, we will concentrate on natural sources possibly originating from the a€?grounda€?, i.e. As we could show, the a€?Wavea€? device in fact can help, and its exceptional promise as a preventive measure is of great interest.
Gerfried BRANDSTETTER (manager of the science department of the Salzburg federal government); Landeshauptfrau Mag.
Fortunately there are now a growing number of dowsers that are equipped with scientific monitoring instruments that can test such claims.
To locate geopathic stress dowsers visit land, offices and homes where theyA  seekA  the location of underground streams, geological faults or the eartha€™s natural grid lines. However, for thousands of years people from all over the world have been finding underground water for wells and mineral deposits to mine by dowsing methods. Remember ita€™s the energy from the water and other artefacts that they first respond to as it rises from deep beneath the ground to the surface.



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