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FOR QUOTEWORLDWIDE MANUFACTURER and  DISTRIBUTOR Since 1941 Magnetic Shield Corporation, a division of Perfection Mica Company, is the premier supplier of custom magnetic shielding alloys and custom Built shields. Whether you are an independent research scientist, inventor or student performing research at a university, national laboratory or design firm, we are here to help.
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After fabricating a magnetic shield, final annealing is generally required to increase grain structure, which improves shielding efficiency. How do you determine field reduction (attenuation) ratios of different thicknesses of shielding alloy? To determining possible attenuation ratios (A), we have developed an automated, online calculator.
Over several decades, Magnetic Shield Corporation has performed hundreds of laboratory tests and calculated thousands of shielding equations - all in an effort to continually validate the theoretical application of magnetic interference control in both AC and DC applications, and to aid engineers in shield design. Our alloys provide interference control of H-fields, DC or AC to 100 kiloHertz, and differ fundamentally from RF shielding. There are numerous important revolutions that have dramatically changed the world that we live in. The decline of feudalism, the emergence of the Renaissance and the Reformation, the expansion of trade with other distant countries and continents, and the discovery and exploration of new cultures awakened a desire to explore the nature and workings of the universe that surrounds mankind. And so, appearing on the scene in Europe at the same time the explorers were searching for new routes to the Spice Islands, to China and India, others were engaged in new scientific studies. In 1491, Nicholas enrolled at the University of Cracow (Poland), where he took an interest in astronomy.
Copernicus is the first to propose a new view of the solar system--the heliocentric view of the solar system in contradiction to the traditional geocentric view.
Because Copernicus merely stated his ideas as a hypothesis, he was not considered dangerous to the Roman Church, as Galileo was a generation later. Even though Copernicus made sense to some, the traditional geocentric scheme simply would not disappear.
Kepler was a German mathematician, astronomer and astrologer, and, although a student of Brahe, disagreed with his teacher.
He was also one of the first to say that Ptolemy was wrong (Ptolemy taught the traditional geocentric view of the solar system) and maintained that Copernicus was correct--the earth did revolve round the sun, and not vice versa. These announcements, published in his work, Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems, brought Galileo (1564-1642) into conflict with the Roman Church.
In 1992, 350 years later, Pope John Paul II stated that errors were made in condemning Galileo. The case of Galileo is perhaps the best-known illustration of the tension between science and religion. Bacon is considered by many historians to be the a€?founder of modern science,a€?A  although by training and vocation he was not a practicing scientist.
Empiricism -- the theory that reality is discovered through the senses, through experimentation and testing. Induction -- drawing conclusions from onea€™s observations and testing and from that developing general principles. By Bacona€™s rejection of ancient authorities, namely Aristotle and Ptolemy, a new science exploded on the scene, producing a plethora of discoveries and inventions that has continued nonstop to this day.A Under Ptolemy, there would likely not be television, iPhones, or space shuttles. What Bacon attacked was medieval scholasticism--the idea that everything we need to know has already discovered in the past. Scholasticism denied the very idea of experimentation and taught that the only thing left for the learned mind to do was to clarify was had already been discovered in the past! Sir Francis believed that, in fulfillment of Daniela€™s prophecy, man would increase in knowledge in the last days by casting off unbiblical authorities like Aristotle and investigating Goda€™s natural revelation (creation) with minds that had been created in His image. His major works were The Advancement of Learning (1605), Novum Organum (1620) [the New Order], and New Atlantis (1627). Harvey was a physician in England and was a lecturer at the Royal College of Physicians in London and a Christian.
Following his death on April 1727, Isaac Newtona€™s body lay in state in great honor n Westminster Abbey for an entire week. He developed the answer, he believed, and published his work in his masterpiece, Principia, published in 1687. Among the greatest scientific geniuses of all times, Isaac Newton made major contributions to mathematics, optics, physics, and astronomy. To Newton, the very orderliness and design of the universe spoke of God's awesome majesty and wisdom. Seeking to further understand God's methods, Newton studied and developed formulas for specific phenomena such as ocean tides, paths of comets, and the succession of the equinoxes. Newton spent a tremendous amount of time studying the Bible, especially the prophetic portions of Scripture.
Though he outwardly conformed to the church of England, Newton privately was an Arian Christian.
List and explain what new social and political conditions existed in Europe to make possible the scientific revolution. Explain why the Copernican hypothesis was so startling to the populace and so threatening to the Vatican and to Luther and Calvin. Explain how the relationship of Galileo to Copernicus was so similar to that between Hubble and Einstein in the 20th century and how they had similar impacts on the thinking of their generations. Describe how the scientific discoveries impacted the world of politics and urged men like Hobbes to pursue a new course of reasoning. The dissatisfaction by many with patterns of government and the practices of absolute monarchies in Europe and Asia created a hunger to find (1) new and better ways to govern, (2) ways that would better cultivate tolerance for diversity in religion and thought, (3) ways that would promote and value progress rather than tradition for traditiona€™s sake, and (4) where processes of social justice would acknowledge and protect natural rights of the individual. In simpler terms revolutionary thinking emerged especially in France, England, Scotland, and Germany which generally sought the following: (1) eliminate absolutism in government, (2) toleration for faith and thought, (3) openness to progress, and (4) freedom for the the individual.
Major events in the late 17th century set the conditions in Europe for a revolution in thought.
The New Attitude: By the 1700s Europeans were quite certain that they could make the world a better, more comfortable place to live.
The New Question: If there are natural laws that govern the physical universe, certainly then must there not also be natural laws that govern the spheres of religion and rationality? The new conclusion: If we must use mathematics and the scientific method to discern the natural laws of the physical universe, we must use the same tools to discover the natural laws of the spiritual world.
In other words, what can be known about God, eternity, spiritual laws and commandments, and other related items, can be discovered through human reason using the tools of the scientific method.
And if we can discover the natural laws of the spiritual world, we can also discover the natural laws of how to live with each other in this world, including how to govern and to be governed.
The Renaissance questioned traditional thoughts and principles and sought to discover better principles by studying the ancient Greek and Roman philosophers. The Enlightenment, likewise, questioned the traditional ideas about how to discover truth and how to live together on earth.
If we are to discover the natural laws governing the spiritual world, how will we discover them?
If human reason with the scientific method as its tool can discover the natural laws of the physical universe, why not the same for the spiritual world? They met to discuss and debate, in the spirit of the scientific revolution, what the natural laws were that were to govern all people in their personal, social, and community lives. There were the common people who knew and cared little about those philosophers fortunate enough to sit around and debate natural laws! The printing press that had aided the Protestant Reformation now became the instrument to spread the ideas of the Philosphes. The Philosphes and their disciples tended to occupy seats in the faculties of the universities.
They also tended to arrive at a new conclusion about religion: If we must use mathematics and the scientific method to discover the natural laws of the physical universe, then we must use the same tools to discover through human reason the natural laws of the spiritual world. The Renaissance questioned traditional beliefs and principles and sought to discover better principles by studying the ancient Greek and Roman philosophers. If we are to discover the natural governing the spiritual world, how will we discover them?
While the leaders the scientific revolution were for the most part orthodox Christians (and believed that they were discovering evidences of Goda€™s intelligent design expressed through the laws they discovered and described), many of those who became leaders in the revolution in thought were deists.
However, as we shall see, the new thinkers in the Age of Reason were not the only people in town. In France the philosophes (a€?the philosophersa€?) gathered often in private homes (salons) hosted by wealthy women to read their latest essays. Although they dealt with a variety of topics, for our discussion we will concentrate primarily on their views dealing with politics and government.
He viewed government to be ideally a function of free and rational men -- not simple-minded men who lived as serfs within feudalism or blindly obeyed the dictates of a prince or king. Obviously, his ideas were a direct threat to Roman authority and to the absolutism of Louis XIII and Louis XIV.
Baron de Montesquieu was a member of nobility in France, a judge in a French court, and one of the most influential political thinkers of the 18th century. In his major work, The Spirit of the Laws (1748), (French, De la€™esprit des lois) he concluded that when all power rests with one leader or even several leaders, despotism inevitably develops and human freedoms disappear.
Yet, Montesquieua€™s political thought was one of several basic ideas that was used to found the Constitution of the United States of America. His openness to ideas and toleration was exemplified in his marriage in 1715 as a Roman Catholic to a French Huguenot woman. Montesquieu believed that if natural laws were found that could best explain the natural world, then certainly there are laws that can teach us how to live with one another in peace and harmony in the world of culture and society. He also believed that educated persons best discover what these natural laws are that produce harmony, and, therefore, educated people govern best. Governments are best shaped by the people and their surroundings, the climate, the environment. Voltaire was an opponent of Roman Catholic religious dogma and spoke strongly against blind obedience to the pope. One of his major and most important works was A Treatise on Toleration (1782) that raised havoc when it was circulated within the last days of the reign of King Louis XVI. After returning to France in 1734 he had to again flee imprisonment due to comments made about the absolutists French government in Letters to the English. These personal examples created in him a hatred for oppression of any kind, whether by a despotic king or a democratic mob rule.
Concerning politics, if Voltaire could choose one best form of government, it would be an enlightened monarchy. He opposed war of any kind and called it a€?sophisticated murder.a€? This did not sit well with many in France who basked in the glory of Francea€™s hegemony under Louis XIV, which was achieved in large measure through warfare. Perhaps his best known work was the novel, Candide (1758), in which the central character, Candide, is a joyful, optimistic world traveler. Organized religion is led by charlatans who exploit the weak and who foist ignorance on the uneducated.
Religious leaders maintain power by oppressing anyone who disagrees with them on even the simplest theological matters.
Material wealth provides some comforts and power but in the long run drifts away at he hands of corrupt government officials (taxes, bribery) and dishonest merchants. A great earthquake takes place in the story of Candide which was based on a real earthquake that hit Lisbon, Portugal in 1755 with great loss of life. Voltaire expressed in Candide the opinion that God is either indifferent towards, or lacks the power to prevent evil within human history. As a youth he was educated by Jesuits, and was not an atheist, as some maintain, but bitterly opposed religious oppression of individual rights, and who believed that what can be known about God comes not through revelation and church dogma but through human reason.
It can probably be said that Voltaire was at best an agnostic, that the God who was championed by religion, as Voltaire experienced it, was at the core of a suppression of individual thought and freedom and therefore should be discarded. Voltaire maintained that the only places on earth where there was true freedom of religion and speech were in England, the Netherlands, Prussia, and Switzerland. Diderot was an atheist who believed that all mankind are born with a totally free will to live life as they wish, with no accountability to a divine being. His Encyclopedia was a critical attack on and mocking of Christianity and resulted in his flight from France to Russia where he was protected and supported by the a€?enlighteneda€? ruler, Catherine the Great. Born in Geneva, Rousseau was orphaned while young and placed in the care of a strict uncle.
Rousseau was a brilliant thinker who is claimed by Geneva today as one of its most prominent sons. Probably as a result of the harsh upbringing he experienced while living under his strict uncle, Rousseau had much to say about education and how young children develop. He promoted the idea that children develop through specific stages and should be raised and educated accordingly. The truly educated person is one who has been trained to be self-governing by making rationale choices. Rousseau was among the first of the French to promote the ideal family as being a nuclear family (father, mother, and children) with a mother serving at home as the manager of the family affairs. Rousseau promoted the concept of a democratic, Christian Republic where the rights of the individual were carefully protected and where the Christian faith was part of culture. In his Social Contract (1762) Rousseau describes man as being inherently good, born both free and innocent, who is increasingly corrupted by culture and society. He personally had deep religious roots, first as a boy who was born and lived in Calvinist Geneva, then as a Roman Catholic while living in France, and then returned to Calvinism when he moved back to Geneva in his later years. A great faith arose about the ability of human reason to think, weigh, argue, and conclude rather than mere faith on the one hand and the mere gathering of knowledge on the other.
By observing human behavior we can discover natural laws that govern how we are to live together and then use these laws to draw up patterns for communities and patterns for governments that will produce harmony, order, and the preservation of individual rights and dignity. Once these natural laws are discovered and agreed upon, the common people are to be taught these newly found laws and trained in the use of reason.
Once this system is at work, old institutions that rely upon traditions, unjust rules, and unreasonable patterns will be swept away for they keep the human race from progress.
A new world will be created, a new society will be built, governments will be reshaped, and there will follow unlimited human progress. Every person is (1) capable of reason and the human mind can discover any truth and the human spirit can achieve any ambition; (2) innately good, potentially virtuous, and every society can become perfect. While some rejected religion altogether (Descartes and Hume), most still held to the values and principles of traditional Christianity. The printing press, which greatly promoted the ideas of the Reformation, now also greatly enabled the philosophes to spread their ideas quickly, inexpensively, and widely throughout Europe.
Locke lived during the time of the restoration of the monarchy under Charles II and James II and was a strong supporter of the Glorious Revolution of 1688. Locke taught that all people have innate, natural rights that no one has the right to diminish or deny.
Locke transferred these observations about the nature of each person to how he or she is to be governed--each person is to be in charge of how he or she is governed and to participate in how society as a whole is governed. Lockea€™s ideas about government were contained in his work, Two Treatises of Civil Government. He also opposed the idea held by those who supported the divine right of kings, that men are not naturally born to be free. However, in order to preserve his life and his property a man has to choose to enter into society and to live happily with others in a government where the will of the majority rules. Government, therefore, is a social contract between those who govern and those who are governed.
Because men tend to misuse one another, Locke saw the necessity for a government that contained (1) a written code of laws, (2) laws that exist for only one purpose -- to protect the good of the people, (3) legislative and judicial branches in government to enforce and define those laws, (4) no taxation without the consent of the people, and (5) no war or treaty powers are given to anyone without the consent of the people. Together with Montesquieu, Locke provided three of the foundational concepts that formed the new United States: (1) the necessity for a division of powers (Montesquieu and Locke), (2) the necessity of government to protect the natural rights and property of the individual (Locke), and (3) the formation of a commonwealth as a social contract where those who govern are selected by the people and remain in office so long as the people agree to such (Locke). Locke was not an atheist, but he resisted any religion that did not grant freedom of thought and belief, especially the Roman Church. He pictured in his work, Leviathan (1651), the all encompassing necessity of a strong central government that extended into every area of life. And yet Hobbes also called for the preservation by government of the natural rights of all citizens, and viewed the monarchy as existing only at the will of the people through a social contract. The absolute monarchies of Europe, and France in particular under Louis XIV, tended to practice mercantilism in the realm of economics and industry.
Adam Smith took on the mercantilistic establishment with the publication of his work, The Wealth of Nations in 1776.
In his work, Smith maintained that man is at heart selfish in the sense that if given the opportunity, he will use industry to further his own economic well-being. Smith maintained that mercantilism is contrary to human nature and is ultimately destructive to a nationa€™s economy. Rather than the governmenta€™s hand, there would be an invisible hand to guide a free market, marked and fueled by competition.
Competition among producers to acquire the best workers raises the level of salaries of workers. Competition among producers increases not only their own wealth but that of the nation which taxes their profits. Producers, if allowed to reinvest their profits back into increased machinery, workers, research and development, produce a better quality of goods, sell more of their products, and make a greater profit. Money should circulate freely among men as blood does in the human body, a concept he learned from the revolution in science. Colonies in North America where free enterprise was either allowed to occur, or occurred because the people were too remote to be controlled, tended to become more prosperous than the economies they left behind in Europe. Adam Smitha€™s theory became the economic policy of the newly formed United States of America. Deism was a popular religious belief based on a God who created the universe, set it in motion with a set of specific, orderly, natural laws, then stepped back to let it operate itself.
The Deists often compared their view of God to that of a clockmaker who, having once created a clock, then wound it up, moved off, and let it operate in an orderly fashion on its own, governed by natural laws. Deists believed that all religions could be reduced to the worship of an orderly, rational God who does not perform the miraculous in violation of or apart from his natural laws (hence, no virgin birth, no miracles, no resurrection), and a moral code that human reason and common sense can agree on. While some of the philosophes rejected the notion of any kind of God at all and became atheists, most remained loyal to the Christian church. To Diderot and the contributors to the Encyclopedia all religious dogma was absurd and the result of human imagination. Voltaire disagreed with the atheists and said their atheism had a religious dogma of its own.
If religion is either not important for good government or not important for good society, and if principles for living together in society is based upon a commonly accepted set of values derived from common sense, what happens to people who my their own free choice choose not to live by those principles or standards? The general conclusion was that if someone disobeys a€?reasona€? or what the majority decides is a€?natural law,a€? that person has to be either removed from the perfect society or be a€?re educateda€? so that they use more enlightened reason. The Enlightenment thinking led not only to societies and governments where great, unheard of levels of human freedom were to be realized (which took place in Englanda€™s Glorious Revolution and which we will see in the American and French Revolutions), but in reality also produced some of the most cruel and totalitarian governments ever before realized in human history.
The Enlightenment that helped to produce both the United States of America also led, as well, to Hitlera€™s Nazi Germany!! The Big Question: Was this really an a€?enlightenmenta€? or is it better called the age of deifying human reason? There was another side to the Age of Reason where Christian men and women lived and taught and where spiritual movements took place at the same time as Locke, Voltaire, and Rousseau. The outbreak of Christian revivals in England and America in the 18th century greatly impacted the social, moral, financial, spiritual, and political aspects of culture in Great Britain and America so that these cultures differed significantly from those of Italy and France. The Great Awakening in America turned the colonies upside-down and prepared the way for independence from Great Britain.
The Baroque Age in Music broke with tradition, and produced a radical departure from the music of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Spener was born in Alsace, whichat that time was a part of Germany, but is now a province in Eastern France.
Later posts in Berlin exposed Spener to much criticism from other Lutheran ministers because of his emphasis upon personal transformation and cleansing through a spiritual rebirth. Although he is called the a€?father of pietism,a€? he, himself, did not teach nor practice what the later pietists called for--an emotional experience of salvation as a proof of conversion and the separation of the Christian from all secular life. Spener founded the University of Halle, a center of opposition to the ideas of the French philosophes. Early in his career Spener became widely known as a vocal opponent of the philosophy of Thomas Hobbes (see Hobbes above). The Age of Reason had begun to infiltrate Lutheran Germany and presented a new threat to the Lutheran churches. Spener taught that the cure for the cold dogma in the Roman Church and the dogma increasingly developing in German Lutheranism was not rationalism or human reason, but a deeper, personal commitment to Christ. His grandfather moved the family to Germany to avoid forced conversion to the state-religion, Catholicism. With wealth received from his family Zinzendorf purchased an estate in East Saxony, Germany (at the intersection of Saxony, Poland, and Czechoslovakia) where his intention was to create a community of people who desired to follow the teachings of Spener and to publish books which might awaken Lutheranism from what he felt was its stupor. Within months a request came from Moravia and Bohemia, now sections of present-day Czechoslovakia, from a group of Protestants who were the dominant group in Moravia and Bohemia before the Thirty Yearsa€™ War (1618-1648), but were now a persecuted minority. Zinzendorf worked diligently to unite the various groups coming from a variety of cultures and Christian backgrounds into a unified Christian community. Zinzendorf continued to view the new community, not as a new reformation, but as a means to breath new life into the Lutheran churches. When civil authorities grew suspicious and concerned about Zinzendorfa€™s community, they banished them from the estate. Zinzendorf is mentioned here because, like his godfather, Spener, he emphasized the necessity of the new birth and of an intimate, personal relationship with Christ as the cure for the cold dogmas of Rome and the increasing coldness of the Lutheran Churches. Rather than an emphasis on human reason, Zinzendorf was faithful to biblical teachings and to cultivating the spirit and the new heart. Edwards is considered to be one of the most brilliant Amercian-born philosophers and theologians. Edwards was a Calvinist minister in Northampton, Massachussetts and preached during some of the first revivals connected with the Great Awakening in (c.
As with pietism in Europe, the Great Awakening emphasized an intensely personal relationship with Christ, brought the Christian faith to the common man, and was marked by prayer, bible study, intense introspection, and a personal commitment to a biblical standard of morality. The Great Awakening impacted the attitudes of the colonists towards authority and especially to the government of England.
The impact of the Awakening produced a revolution in the American colonies that was totally distinct from the revolution in France that occurred about 15 years later. At Oxford he joined the Holy Club, a group of deeply committed Christian students who met regularly to pray and study the Bible. Because he was not assigned a pulpit by the Anglican Church, Whtiefield preached wherever people would gather, in parks, in public squares, in marketplaces.
One of Whitefielda€™s most ardent supporters was Benjamin Franklin, who published all of Whitefielda€™s sermons and tracts in his Gazette. On one occasion in Philadelphia, Franklin walked from the outdoor pulpit area where Whitefield was preaching on Market Street down to the Delaware River, just to see how far his booming voice would carry. Although Franklin did not agree personally with Whtiefielda€™s message of repentance and faith, he nevertheless admired him as a friend.
It is said that Whitefield preached to more people in his lifetime than another other person prior to Billy Graham, and all without the benefit of air conditioning, PA systems, and closed circuit TV!
Whitefield crossed the Atlantic to the American colonies numerous times to conduct preaching campaigns from Massachusetts to Georgia. His preaching in Wales and England did much to prevent English society from being impacted by the humanism of the French philosophes. Earlier, the Wesleys had traveled to Georgia in the American colonies to do missionary work among the native Americans.
It is understandable, therefore, that under the direction of the Wesleys many of their followers became leaders in major service projects and organizations, leading the way in prison, orphanage, hospital, and social reform.
The Wesleys were abolitionists and were friends of William Wilberforce and John Newton, other English leaders in the anti-slavery movement in England. It can be safely stated that the words of John Wesleya€™s hymns have been sung by millions around the world and are words memorized by millions.
List five major members of the Philosophes in France, England, and Scotland and explain their particular contributions to the Age of Reason. Explain the roles that natural reason and the newly discovered laws of nature played on the thinking of the leaders of the Age of Reason. Discuss specific Christian thinkers of the 18th century who opposed the French philosophes. In a brief statement be able to summarize the impact of Montesquieu, Rousseau, and Locke on the framing of the American government.
Explain how Hitlera€™s Nazism and Americas democracy could flow from the same fountain called the Age of Reason. Explain why many of the philosophes had trouble accepting the claims of the Scriptures concerning the virgin birth, the resurrection, Jesus walking on water, etc. And so, appearing on the scene in Europe at the same time the explorers were searching for new routes to the Spice Islands,A  to China and India, others were engaged in new scientific studies. Research: The Connection Between Solar Activity, Volcanic Eruptions and Earthquakes, Weather, Cycles on Earth and Human Behaviour.
Robert Rutledge, a forecaster at the NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center, discusses how NOAA monitors space weather events, models their impact on Earth, and works with commercial sectors to protect lives and property. Professor Raymond Wheeler, from the University of Kansas, at first almost stumbled into the frightening data. The connection was initially discovered by noted Russian scientist Alexander Chizhevsky during 1915: solar storms trigger conflict, wars and death.

Chizhevsky found after intense research that the rise and fall of solar activity — interacting with the earth's magnetic field—causes mass changes in human's perspective's, moods, emotions and behavioral patterns. Building upon the Russian scholar's research, Wheeler applied a numerically weighted ranking system during the 1930s to separate wars and even individual battles assessing them on length and severity. When the 11-year solar cycle peaked, so did human unrest, uprisings, rebellions, revolutions and all-out wars between nations. During 1990 the solar maximum fever pitch initiated skirmishes around the world culminating with Iraq invading Kuwait and the U.S. According to the 11-year solar cycle, as the sun entered its next active peak during late 2010 the disruptions in the earth's magnetic field could be predicted to cause unrest, instability, uprisings, outbreaks of war, destruction and mass death once again.
They determined that intense solar activity leads directly to psychotic outbreaks and mass insanity.
Becker died in 2008 with a warning to the world about the approaching years of 2010 to 2012. Suddenly the news was filled with rising dissent rearing up in Tunisia, Egypt, Yemen, Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. As the flares increase and the sun becomes more violent, expect greater violence on earth as some go mad.
Medical science is only beginning to understand the ways in which the mind influences the body. Chronobiology is a field of biology that examines periodic (cyclic) phenomena in living organisms and their adaptation to solar - and lunar -related rhythms. Chronobiological studies include but are not limited to comparative anatomy , physiology , genetics , molecular biology and behavior of organisms within biological rhythms mechanics. Science of the Heart - The human heart emits the strongest electromagnetic field in our body.
It is in Highly Sensitive People's nature to "pause-to-check" and not to rush into new or different situations, but rather to proceed much more cautiously than their Non-HSP counterparts.
The trait of Highly Sensitivity causes them to process and reflect upon incoming information very deeply. On the positive side, and there is a big positive side, we have learned Highly Sensitive People have wonderful imaginations, are very creative, curious, and are known for being very hard workers, great organizers and problem solvers.
Add to this cruelly delicate organism the overpowering necessity to create, create, create - - - so that without the creating of music or poetry or books or buildings or something of meaning, his very breath is cut off from him.
We have found there is also a strong correlation between the trait of High Sensitivity and being "Gifted." It is probably not incorrect to say that although not all Highly Sensitive People are Gifted, all Gifted people are HSP. We hope you'll recognize that the trait of High Sensitivity is a gift and blessing, albeit a gift that can come with a hefty price tag. As we have come to know, Highly Sensitive People's systems are very porous, meaning that external stimuli seems to be more directly absorbed into their bodies.
Another way to think about this is to visualize the curve on a chart: At the point where the Non-HSP would have little or no stimulation, the HSP would be somewhat stimulated. We have also learned that although many Highly Sensitive People are introverts, reserved, quiet or shy, there is a percentage that are high sensation seekers, or extroverts. So, if you've ever felt you were all alone in having these overwhelming feelings and the need to seek solitude and sanctuary, we hope you find comfort in knowing that you are not alone, and that you will benefit from some of the suggestions we present here. The cycle is predicted to be violent, unpredictable, and may even affect the fragile 21st earth technology. Expected to surge as much as 50 more than the record-breaking solar cycle 23—that saw X-flares larger than ever witnesses by humans—this monster cycle is calculated to reach maximum intensity from 2011 through 2012.
The Earth's northern magnetic pole was moving towards Russia at a rate of about five miles annually. Another federal agency, NOAA, issued a report caused a flurry of panic when they predicted that mammoth superstorms in the future could wipe out most of California.
The Economist wrote a detailed article about the magnetic field and what's happening to it. Arctic Ozone Loss - Recent observations from satellites and ground stations suggest that atmospheric ozone levels for March 2011 in the Arctic were approaching the lowest levels in the modern instrumental era. Each year for the past few decades during the Southern Hemisphere spring, chemical reactions involving chlorine and bromine cause ozone in the southern polar region to be destroyed rapidly and severely. Scientific research confirms a connection between high energy charged particles in the ionosphere and earthquakes. Current prediction for the next sunspot cycle maximum gives a smoothed sunspot number maximum of about 62 in July of 2013. The wave of ionization allowed signals from a terrestrial radio station to bounce over the horizon into Stamme's 23.4 kHz VLF antenna. Alexander Chizhevsky (February 7, 1897 - December 20, 1964) was a Soviet-era interdisciplinary scientist and cosmist, variously described as physiologist, biophysicist and cycles researcher. Raymond Albert Wheeler (July 31, 1885 in Peoria, Illinois - February 9, 1974) was a Lieutenant General in the United States Army . To seriously study cycles requires reliable time series data preferably at regular intervals and for as long a period of time as possible. Hard X-rays can penetrate solid objects, and their largest use is to take images of the inside of objects in diagnostic radiography and crystallography.
The roentgen (R) is an obsolete traditional unit of exposure, which represented the amount of radiation required to create one electrostatic unit of charge of each polarity in one cubic centimeter of dry air. The rad is the (obsolete) corresponding traditional unit, equal to 10 millijoules of energy deposited per kilogram. The sievert (Sv) is the SI unit of equivalent dose, which for X-rays is numerically equal to the gray (Gy). X-rays are generated by an X-ray tube, a vacuum tube that uses a high voltage to accelerate the electrons released by a hot cathode to a high velocity. In crystallography, a copper target is most common, with cobalt often being used when fluorescence from iron content in the sample might otherwise present a problem. X-ray fluorescence: If the electron has enough energy it can knock an orbital electron out of the inner electron shell of a metal atom, and as a result electrons from higher energy levels then fill up the vacancy and X-ray photons are emitted. So the resulting output of a tube consists of a continuous bremsstrahlung spectrum falling off to zero at the tube voltage, plus several spikes at the characteristic lines. In medical diagnostic applications, the low energy (soft) X-rays are unwanted, since they are totally absorbed by the body, increasing the dose. To generate an image of the cardiovascular system, including the arteries and veins (angiography) an initial image is taken of the anatomical region of interest. A specialized source of X-rays which is becoming widely used in research is synchrotron radiation, which is generated by particle accelerators.
The most commonly known methods are photographic plates, photographic film in cassettes, and rare earth screens. Before the advent of the digital computer and before invention of digital imaging, photographic plates were used to produce most radiographic images. Since photographic plates are sensitive to X-rays, they provide a means of recording the image, but they also required much X-ray exposure (to the patient), hence intensifying screens were devised. Areas where the X-rays strike darken when developed, causing bones to appear lighter than the surrounding soft tissue.
Contrast compounds containing barium or iodine, which are radiopaque, can be ingested in the gastrointestinal tract (barium) or injected in the artery or veins to highlight these vessels. An increasingly common method is the use of photostimulated luminescence (PSL), pioneered by Fuji in the 1980s. The PSP plate can be reused, and existing X-ray equipment requires no modification to use them. For many applications, counters are not sealed but are constantly fed with purified gas, thus reducing problems of contamination or gas aging.
Some materials such as sodium iodide (NaI) can "convert" an X-ray photon to a visible photon; an electronic detector can be built by adding a photomultiplier. The European Union SR2S project not only investigates the principles and the scientific problems (of magnetic shielding), but it also faces the complex issues in engineering. Superconducting magnets, commonly found in MRI scanners, produce stronger, more efficient magnetic fields using smaller and lighter magnets than magnets made using conventional materials such as copper or aluminium. On earth, superconducting materials must be cooled to very low temperatures using liquid helium to utilize their superconducting properties, however the project has already found a solution that will work in space. Simulations of the magnetic system suggest that a 10-meter-diameter magnetic field could be produced by a system weighing less than half that of a comparable passive shield.
The SR2S superconducting shield will provide an intense magnetic field, 3,000 times stronger than the Earth’s magnetic field and will be confined around the space craft. An active deflector shield system could never replace passive shielding or biological advances, but it can offer options, particularly for EVAs, extending the longevity of hardware and preventing secondary activation of the ship's hull and systems. There exists a super fine distributed medium called the aether, which allows for the propagation of electromagnetic waves through space. The scope of this paper is a theoretical explanation of observed phenomena involving Ultra Low Frequency waves, the Aether, the Barkhausen effect, the Hodowanec effect, the Schumann resonance and effects that the author calls the ULF E-Field effect and the Aether-Magnetic effect. The theory in essence, is this: There exists ultra low frequency modulation of the aether or "aether waves", which are generated by an unknown natural source, that imprints upon (or modulates) the earth's natural electric and magnetic fields and also the AC power mains.
The author will detail a series of experiments that he has performed and the conclusions that he has drawn from them, to support his theory of ultra low frequency aether waves.
The author will also make available to others, diagrams of his experimental apparatus and construction notes, as well as the virtual instrument programs that he has written and used in these experiments, so independent researchers may make their own investigations.
See bottom of this page to download author's research schematic diagrams, construction notes, software and complete documentation. For the past few decades, physicist Gregory Hodowanec, has experimented with electronic capacitors, that when coupled to an amplifier circuit, could detect very low frequency signals, coming from outside of the circuit. Skeptics have argued that Hodowanec's circuits are actually just low frequency oscillators and also that they simply amplify internally produced circuit noise.
The author has observed ultra low frequency signals as anomalous fluxuations, in various sensitive circuits over the years, that did not appear to be generated by the circuits themselves as self-oscillation, nor did they appear to be the result of ambient temperature fluxuations or similar ordinary phenomena. For the sake of clarification, it should be noted that there is a question over the phrase "Ultra Low Frequency" (ULF) and "Extremely Low Frequency" (ELF) and which of these describes the range of frequencies in question here. For the program used in the series of experiments for the first two detector types, a virtual, two channel chart recorder was chosen to display the amplified detector signal on the PC's monitor. Experiment 1: With no special signal processing, the resulting display looked like, more or less, random low frequency noise. Experiment 2: The capacitor detector circuit was placed in a grounded steel box for shielding and the detected waves were still present. Experiment 3: A second, identical circuit was built and installed on a second personal computer located across the room. Experiment 4A: Configured one of the detectors with a capacitor of 4700 microfarads, the other detector with a capacitor of only 470 microfarads.
Experiment 5: Using the personal computer's sound card as an input from the capacitor detector, and with a similar program to those used before. These tests demonstrate that the detected waves are not the result of self-oscillation of the detecting circuits. Experiment 6: While experimenting with the Hodowanec capacitor detector described above (using the first experimental apparatus with the VM-110 interface), various capacitor values were tried. Experiment 6B: The end of the "antenna" wire was then connected to a metal grid of heavy wire construction, of 2 feet X 4 feet. Experiment 7: Constructed a two channel variation of this ULF E-field effect antenna circuit. Experiment 8: To prove that what being seen is not some type of software shaping of random noise. Experiment 9: To compare simultanious operation of a Hodowanec 4700 microfarad type detector and an ULF E-field effect antenna circuit detector. One of each type of detector was input to the Velleman VM-110 analog to digital PC interface.
Experiment 10: To confirm that the detected signal was not coming from the negative rail generator cmos IC (a tiny switching power supply IC chip), or the computer power supply, the rail generator IC was removed and both the positive and negative 5 volt power rails for the detector circuit, were supplied by 9 volt batteries connected through 78L series five volt regulators, to supply the 5 volts positive and 5 volts negative to power the op-amps.
Experiment 10A: In order to prove that the detected signal was not generated by the personal computer or the VM-110 interface, A ULF E-field effect antenna circuit detector's analog (first op-amp stage) output was connected to the PC scope based transient recorder as in experiment 8, but this time no Velleman VM-110 interface or second computer and software was used. Ferromagnetic metals possess atomic level magnetic domains as discovered by Heinrich Barkhausen in 1919. The number of Barkhausen effect pulses generated by a detector, over a period of time, is proportional to the number of atomic level ferromagnetic domains contained within the detector and the total amount of magnetic activity within the space occupied by the detector mass. Effectiveness of shielding placed between the magnetic activity source and the ferromagnetic domain (Barkhausen detector), will normally be proportionate to the density of ferromagnetic domains in the shielding. Please Note: The Aether-Magnetic detector apparatus used in the following experiments 11 through 14 was first used by the author at a lab located out in the country, where the magnetic polution common to cities, was not a problem. The transformer was AC coupled to an LF 444 ACN JFET op amp circuit of high gain, through a large electrolytic capacitor (1000 microfarad). The amplifier configuration was as follows: The op amp's non-inverting input was connected to ground. This varying voltage output was then fed to a Velleman VM-110 analog to digital converter and USB Interface module, (identical to that described in experiment 1 above), that connected to a personal computer via the USB interface. A custom written software program displayed virtual storage oscilloscope and meter on the computer monitor.
To provide a source of ultra low frequency magnetic field, two techniques were used: A small power transformer was used as an AC field source, by driving it's primary winding with a low output, low frequency laboratory type signal generator.
Observation 11A: Due to the extreme magnetic sensitivity of the detector and its amplifier, it was necessary to locate the test setup away from those shop walls which contained power wiring.
Observation 11B: Barkhausen detection of ultra low frequency magnetic modulations of the aether (aether-magnetic waves), in terms of distance, seems to indicate conformance to inverse-square law. Experiment 12: A very definite ultra low frequency fluxuation of the virtual meter and ocsilloscope could be seen in the ambient random noise being detected.
Experiment 13: Performed to investigate the effect of the static ambient magnetic field upon the Barkhausen detector. To perform this experiment the secondary amplifier stage gain was reduced to 7, producing an instrument with a full scale sensitivity of 1 Milligauss.
The detector was then tested for its sensitivity to a permanent magnet shaken in hand, a few feet away. Experiment 14: (Performed with the powered secondary winding of the last experiment now disconnected). Experiment 15: Performed to investigate the ultra low frequency wave impressed upon the AC power mains. One detector consisted of a ULF E-Field effect antenna type detector as described previously. Both detector circuits were configured with all other components and op-amp gains identical. One of each type of detector was fed to the Velleman VM-110 analog to digital PC interface. Please Note: experiment 15 was first performed in the quiet AC magnetic environment of a country lab site.
The same antenna setup was used for the ULF E-Field effect antenna type detector, as described in Experiments 6A,B and C. Observations: Both the ULF E-Field effect antenna type detector and the new Aether-Magnetic detector, displayed ULF waves on the virtual chart recorder, that tracked remarkably well. Predicted mathematically in 1952 (and later confirmed by detection), by physicist Wilfried Otto Schumann the Schumann Resonances are a set of spectrum peaks in the extremely low frequency portion of the earth's electromagnetic field spectrum. The Schumann resonances are caused by total world wide lightning activity, producing pulses that propagate in the space between the surface of the earth and the conductive ionosphere. Lower frequency modes seem to have been of less interest to those who study Schumann, for some reason. Traditional equipment to study Schumann resonances is determined by whether one wishes to detect the electrical or the magnetic component of this activity.
The frequency range of the Schumann resonances is for the most part, far above the frequencies being studied in this paper and is mostly outside the frequency range of the apparatus described here.
This commonallity shows that these waves imprint themselves upon (or modulate) the earth's electrical field, magnetic field and have a scalar characteristic as well.
Up to this point, no experiments have been performed, to find whether the ultra low frequency waves are imprinted on phenomena, other than those described above.
It is the author's hope that some who read this will be interested in doing research into this ultra low frequency wave phenomenon.
All written documentation and schematic diagrams, may be freely used or copied by others, for noncommercial distribution, for scientific study purposes, but must retain the name of the author: Tony Devencenzi, and this notice. Disclaimer: This information and any supporting software or documentation, is presented only for educational use and purposes of scientific study and is theory and opinion of the author.
The second detector circuit was very similar, with these differences: circuit used an LF347 IC, a 1000UF integrator capacitor and had a fixed secondary amplifier gain of 17.
Both detector outputs were fed to the same (two channel) Velleman VM-110 interface as used in previous experiments. In this setup the software that was used was not one of the author's compilations as used before, but was a software chart recorder made by Abacom, called RealView 3.0. The RealView software chart recorder does not have software math blocks such as the mean-value soft-components used in the author's own compilations, however it does have a "smoothing" feature adjustable for each channel. The apparatus was positioned so that both detector transformers were facing East-West with respect to their lamination flat sides. Both the Long TC Detector and the short TC Detector tracked each other very well, with slight variations due to the different time constants used. It is currently believed that most of this aether-magnetic wave activity is from the sun but some is from other galactic sources, which during the night time hours, unobstructed by the sun's day time ionospheric influence, is allowed through in greater levels. For those readers who wish to build a simplified version of this apparatus, you may build a single channel version and choose either a short TC or long TC circuit. This time beside using shielded transformers, with each shield grounded, the entire assembly was installed in a grounded steel case.
Two new updated and simplified sensors were built, one Hodowanec Effect Capacitor sensor and one E-Field Effect Antenna sensor. The E-Field Antenna sensor circuit used an LF347 IC, a 1000UF integrator capacitor and had a fixed secondary amplifier gain of 17.
The Capacitor sensor circuit also used an LF347 IC, a 1000UF integrator capacitor but had a fixed secondary amplifier gain of about 55.
The circuitry was enclosed in a grounded steel box to shield it from electro- magnetic influences. During the recording, the two waveforms were seen to track each other part of the time, observing the traces in real time. After recording for 24 hours and compressing the recording into a single page (as shown below), each waveform has its own distinct trace and does not continually track the other, however there are a number of instances where spikes, dips, or other activity, of the two traces, are obviously related. Comparing the two charts, the Capacitor sensor traces are similar, while the E-Field traces are not. Experiment 4 recorded two identical sensors of the Hodowanec Effect type Capacitor Detector. Two new updated and simplified sensors were built, both were identical Hodowanec Effect Capacitor sensors. The Capacitor sensor circuit uses an LF347 IC, a 1000UF integrator capacitor and has a fixed secondary amplifier gain of about 55. The RealView software chart recorder has a "smoothing" feature adjustable for each channel. The circuitry was enclosed in a grounded steel box to shield it from electro-magnetic influences. This dual sensor test, proves that the recorded waves are not the product of random circuit generated noise. Because our shielding alloys are field proven in the research community, and, with our decades of hands-on experience, you can be certain you are not wasting valuable time or funding. We are all affected by, and becoming acutely aware, of the affects electromagnetic interference has on safety and compliance.
By using a Gauss Meter, the electromagnetic source field strength is measured in "Gauss", and output into numeric values.
At the bottom of this page are our Slide Rule Calculator, Online Calculator, and B-H Curve. Depending on strength of the unwanted field (HO) and the amount of field Attenuation you need, one of our three alloys may be selected.
Considered far superior to other alloys because of our Perfection Annealing process, it is used where maximum attenuation is desired. Final anneal is a critical process step and extra care must be taken to avoid dropping or denting as shock may weaken an annealed shield's grain structure.
The first thing to do is estimate the physical size (diameter in inches) of a cylinder required to separate the area you need to protect from the source. Simply input the estimated shield size (diameter in inches) and measured source field strength (gauss value); then click on the calculate button.
Theory behind the B-H curve is well documented, and it remains an effective reference tool. Shielding for E-fields at radio frequencies (RF) above 100 kiloHertz involves use of high conductivity materials such as Copper, Aluminum or certain conductive coatings. No longer were men and women content to simply trust the traditional explanations for what seemed to drive the universe around them. The magnetic compass and astrolabe and new maps were enabling ships captains to better navigate the uncharted waters of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. He then continued his studies at the University of Bologna (Italy) where he met scholars who challenged Aristotle's traditional cosmologya€”that the earth was at the center of the universe known as geocentrism. It was thought to be genuinely a€?Christiana€? and a€?biblical.a€? Brahe came up with a variation of an earth-centered model that was satisfactory to many.
He disagreed with the Copernican idea that the planets travel in circular routes around the earth. He heard of a new spyglass that had been invented in the Netherlands and set out to build his own. The Jesuits saw in his teaching the worst consequences for the Church of Rome--they would be seen to have been in error and that their interpretation of the Bible was in error!
There were others before and since, but whenever the topic of science and Christianity is discussed, Galileo usually is introduced into the argument as the primary example of one who proved the Church wrong. He is credited with being the first researcher in the Western world to describe in exact and correct detail the circulatory system of the human body and the process used by the heart in pumping blood around within the body.
At the funeral, his coffin was carried by three earls, two dukes, and the Lord Chancellor of Great Britain. If the planets revolve around sun in elliptical orbits, and all at different rates of speed and tracking different pathways, how is it that this is all so orderly? Everything tells us mathematically, said Newton, that once on a trajectory, the planets they should continue on out in a straight line, like an arrow or a missile, and never return. He concluded that the same force that drew the apple downward was the same force that kept the planets and the earth in orbit -- gravity. He discovered the law of gravitation, formulated the basic laws of motion, developed calculus, and analyzed the nature of white light. This theory explained quite fully everything from the movement of the planets through the skies, to the movements of the tides, to the velocity of falling objects--and more.
The design of the eye required a perfect understanding of optics, and the design of the ear required a knowledge of sounds. He believed history was under the dominion of the Creator, and prophecy showed how the Creator was to establish His earthly kingdom in the end.
He believed Jesus Christ was the Savior of the world, but he did not believe He was very God.
Whatever forms of government the nations had used to govern, it seemed to the new thinkers that inevitably they always resulted in war. The so-called Enlightenment began in the late 17th century and continued through most of the 18th century. In other words, what can be known about God, about eternity, about spiritual laws and commandments, can be discovered through human reason using the tools of the scientific method.
The Reformation questioned the traditional beliefs, teachings, and authority of the Roman Church. A deist is one who believes in a God who created the universe, wound it up like a clock, and then walked away from it, allowing it to operate on its own under fixed laws. The common people of Europe knew and cared little about the philosophers who could sit around and debate natural laws: a€?We have to work for a living!a€? There were also great ministers and Christian theologians, especially in England and Scotland, who challenged the conclusions of the new thinkers.
It was more or less an undercover exchange of ideas within the context of an absolute French monarchy that was generally opposed to the ideals being discussed by the philosophes. Some were committed to the basic truths of the Bible but knew that something other than absolutism had to be embraced (whether absolutism in government or the Roman Church) if God-given individual rights were to be set free. Although he did not fully develop his ideas concerning government, the later philosophes claimed Descartes as their forerunner. The most fundamental idea of Montesquieu was the idea that all men are prone to evil and men with power are exceptionally prone to evil. For in his day, Rome was enamored with absolutism--especially if the Roman Church was in charge or if one of its hand-picked monarchs was on the throne. Montesquieu was widely read by the American colonists and was the most frequently quoted author in the letters and books of colonial writers in the period 1740-1780. Her belief system greatly impacted his view of government and faith, and he saw no reason why she should be suppressed and censored because of her beliefs. If we can tame the natural world, then we can do the same with government, society and culture. Thomas Jefferson picked up on these ideas from Montesquieu and championed the idea that in the new America only the educated should be given the right to vote and to serve in public office. There is no one system that fits all, he concluded, BUT whatever form of government is used, it MUST grant freedom to all of its citizens.
He advocated religious freedom for all and the guarantee of civil liberties, fair trials and freedom of thought and speech. There he learned to admire the freedoms that the English enjoyed under the parliamentary monarchy, where, he said, "The English, as a free people choose their own road to heaven. He distrusted a democracy as much as a despotic king, because mob rule, to Voltaire, was as despotic as one-man rule.
What he soon finds is hardship, disappointment, and treachery everywhere as part of the human condition.

That it occurred is an indication of to Voltaire of Goda€™s indifference towards mankind and perhaps even his cruelty. The true God of heaven was suppressed by the false gods created by religions--especially the Roman Catholic Church.
Of all the philosophes, Diderot was the most outspoken critic of all religion, not simply because of the arguments raised by Voltaire and others, but simply because he believed that human reason excelled all forms of human religion. She did so in exchange for his willingness to sell to her his extensive and expensive art collection, something needed, she felt, if Russia was to enter the 19th century as an enlightened nation of Europe. As suggested by Locke earlier, both the rulers and those ruled should live by means of a social contract.
His trust in the general will of the majority to do and to rule in a good fashion was viewed as extremely idealistic. They valued the concept that all men were created in the image of God with certain innate, inalienable rights. Each person enters the world as a blank page, a tabula rasa, but as each grows older his or her experiences in life shape their personalities. Second was a mana€™s right to work his property and to own and control what he makes from it.
This was an excuse, per Locke, to justify some men ruling over other men without their consent.
One of his important works was the defense of the Christian faith in his work, On the Reasonableness of Christianity (1695).
Written during the English Civil War (1642-1651), Leviathan presented an absolute monarchy as the only hope to prevent mankind from self-destruction. In this system the government controlled production of goods, the pricing of goods, setting of tariffs and taxes to control the flow of goods in and out of the country, and in general controlled most aspects of the economy. If the government allows its citizens to use personal greed in production and in buying and selling, it will motivate towards great economic progress. The most healthy and prosperous economies, said Smith, would be those were government takes its hands off of the economy.
Investors will purchase stock to enable the producer to even further invest in machinery, workers, and research and development.
When Thomas Paine moved to France from America, where, complained, the new nation was too religious, he joined them. While many of the concepts of Locke and Montesquieu helped shape the new government that was created in the United States of America, the message of the philosophes in France created an increasing agitation that led to the French Revolution and to the European revolutions of 1848. So heavily involved were ministers in this movement towards American independence, that the resulting war between Great Britain and America was called a€?the Presbyterian Revolta€? in the Parliament of England.
Music in England and Germany tended to strengthen the spiritual dimensions of culture and inspired people to faith.
It resulted in new musical forms: polyphonic music, the opera, the ballet, the oratorio, the symphony, and compositions where instruments accompanied vocal music. He was troubled by the worldly attitudes of many Lutherans, by the wide-spread reliance upon infant baptism as a guarantee of salvation, and by the seeming coldness of many towards private communion with God. Any idea that unaided human reason could arrive at absolute truth, or that mankind could achieve harmony and a just society apart from God, were ludicrous for Spener.
He began to advocated communal living and taught that the community was more important to onea€™s spiritual and emotional development than even the nuclear family. Many resettled in other areas of Germany, but many settled in the new colony of Pennsylvania in English America. He was among the first 29 persons to be inducted in 1900 into the Hall of Fame of Great Americans.
Edwards son-in-law, David Brainard, became a missionary to the native Americans in New England.
Because he had no funds, he entered Oxford University as a sevitor, or student of the lowest rank who earned his tuition by serving the needs of tuition-paying students.
There he met the two brothers, Charles and John Wesley, and together with them formed the Methodist movement within the Anglican Church, which later separated and became the Methodist Church.
And on another occasion when Whtiefiled urged the immense crowd to give financially to the spread of the Gospel, Franklin emptied his wallet!
He once admitted to Whitefield that, a€?You have almost persuaded me!a€? Franklin once remarked that after Whitefield had preached in Philadelphia, Franklin walked through the streets and almost everywhere heard families in their homes singing psalms. Together with his brother Charles he framed an outline of Christian disciplines, which, if followed, could lead a person into a deeper, more intimate relationship with Christ. Upon returning home, however, they both realized a deep emptiness in their hearts, and spoke about this with a Moravian in England who was waiting for a ship to sail to Georgia.
They are still sung today and remain to form far more vibrant ideas than anything written by their contemporaries, the French philosophes. It was almost as if the intense magnetic upswing directly affected the human brain and drove Mankind into deadly emotional tantrums and frenzied killing sprees. Robert Becker was a pioneering researcher and leading expert in the field of biological electricity. At key points during the solar cycle—from minimum to maximum activity—the geomagnetic field begins to intensify as it comes under bombardment.
The placebo effect , for example, demonstrates that people can at times cause a relief in medical symptoms or suffering by believing the cures to be effective - whether they actually are or not. This electromagnetic field envelops the entire body extending out in all directions, and it can be measured up to several feet outside of the body. The possibility that solar activity variations and related changes in the Earth's magnetosphere can affect human life and health has been debated for many decades. Highly Sensitive People are also sometimes referred to as Ultra Sensitive People, Super Sensitive People, or People with "Overexcitabilities." HSP's nervous systems are different and are more sensitive to subtleties in their environment, which can be a good or bad thing.
Elaine Aron's book, The Highly Sensitive Person: How to Thrive When the World Overwhelms You . It is not that they are "afraid," but that it is in their nature to process incoming information so deeply. And, although they seek adventure they also get overloaded and become over stimulated with the same results as the rest of the HSP. Tip: From our experience and observations, we have found that Highly Sensitive People function much better and benefit greatly from having and sticking to a regular set routine.
Now the magnetic pole is shifting East at a rate of 40 miles annually, an increase of 800 percent. This is worrisome as it significantly affects the ionosphere, troposphere, wind patterns, and atmospheric moisture. It acts as a shield deflecting harmful ultra-violet, X-rays and other life-threatening radiation from bathing the surface of the Earth. The NOAA scientists said it's a plausible scenario and would be driven by an "atmospheric river" moving water at the same rate as 50 Mississippi rivers flowing into the Gulf of Mexico.
It is calculated from the area on the Earth that is enclosed by a line with a constant value of 220 Dobson Units.
In one common damage event, adjacent thymine bases bond with each other, instead of across the "ladder". The results indicate that almost all of the quakes down to a 35 km depth were preceded by distinct electrical disturbances in the ionosphere.
X-rays from the distant explosion broke apart molecules in Earth's upper atmosphere, creating a wave of ionization over Europe.
He did original research in the areas of "heliobiology" (now called chronobiology), astrobiology and the biophysical study of aero-ionification. This process produces an emission spectrum of X-ray frequencies, sometimes referred to as the spectral lines. The intensity of the X-rays increases linearly with decreasing frequency, from zero at the energy of the incident electrons, the voltage on the X-ray tube. A second image is then taken of the same region after iodinated contrast material has been injected into the blood vessels within this area.
The contrast compounds have high atomic numbered elements in them that (like bone) essentially block the X-rays and hence the once hollow organ or vessel can be more readily seen. In modern hospitals a photostimulable phosphor plate (PSP plate) is used in place of the photographic plate.
MgB2 can superconduct at 10 kelvin, or -263 degrees Celsius, which removes the need for liquid-helium cooling as this temperature is comparable with that of deep space.
Magnetic fields with 10 tesla and 10 meters thickness could deflect about 93% of the radiation. This continuous detectable modulation of the earth's electrical and magnetic fields, also suggests that this is more likely a local phenomenon from within our solar system. Gregory Hodowanec who's work is mentioned here, along with the capacitor detector configuration that he originated, did not participate in this research project. Maintaining very low magnetic fields in a cryogenic or vacuum environment is critical for laboratory evaluation and experimentation.
For additional help, network with Universities on Facebook, or contact our Engineering Department with any specific questions. Each day we receive unique inquiries from students, inventors, scientists, engineers and buying professionals - many with limited knowledge of how magnetic shielding materials can be used to avoid unwanted interference.
An example of measuring gauss before and after shielding an electrical panel with our MuMETAL® alloy can be seen on YouTube.
These valuable tools can help you compare our shielding alloys, different thicknesses, and shielding efficiencies, and select the size of shielding required to reduce (attenuate) unwanted fields.
MuMETAL® is not a generic name - it is a proprietary brand that we certify to exacting quality standards and material specifications. Co-NETIC® is fully annealed to exacting specifications in a quality controlled environment which builds grain structure, an important mechanical property for ultimate shielding performance. When Magnetic Shield Corporation provides MuMETAL® magnetic shields, they are Perfection Annealed (fully annealed in a controlled hydrogen atmosphere) to Magnetic Shield Corporation's exacting standards. That is why Magnetic Shield Corporation has developed practical methods of evaluating performance. The online calculator will return possible attenuation ratio values for various shielding alloy thicknesses. They are mankinda€™s achievements as we attempt to fulfill Goda€™s command to subdue the earth and have control over it -- germs, bacilli, water, weather, steam, fire and all the other resources that God has so graciously given to us.
But an increased interest in astronomy to further assist navigation also resulted in a re-thinking of astronomy itself. Medieval theologians embraced the teaching that the earth was the center of the solar system, proof that humankind was the center of God's attention.
He proposed a model in which the eartha€™s moon and the sun revolved around the earth, while the planets revolved around the sun. His mathematical calculations convinced him that the planets moved in elliptical orbits around the sun. Man, created in Goda€™s image, said Bacon, has the responsibility to observe Goda€™s creation and learn from it and learn about it.
Behind all his science was the conviction that God made the universe with a mathematical structure and He gifted human beings' minds to understand that structure. His Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms Amended used astronomical data to argue that the Bible was the oldest document in the world and that the events of Biblical history preceded all other ancient histories.
Newton believed the Athanasian creed and the doctrine of the Trinity diminished the sovereign dominion of the Almighty and corrupted the purity of the church for centuries. The lives of common people were turned upside-down, agriculture and industry destroyed, and all of Europe involved in military buildup. The Enlightenment, or Age of Reason, questioned the traditional ideas about how to discover truth and how to live together in harmony on earth. Some of the philosophes were skeptics, questioning much of everything, including Christianitya€™s basic claims. He also concluded that not only religious people can do this but all can engage in it, hence, religion is not necessary to harmony in society. Here the nobles are great without insolence, and the people share in the government without disorder" (Voltaire, Letters on the English, 1733). In the end, these events do not seem to achieve any apparent good except to point out clearly the cruelty and folly of mankind and the apparent indifference of the natural world and its God. However, he also predicted that Newtona€™s law of gravity would eventually (within one century) overthrow Christianity as it was then known and practiced.
He advocated allowing children to set their own agendas in school and granting them freedom to study what was of interest to them. In his own personal life, Rousseau had four children by his live-in a€?wifea€? who bore him four children.
This was in opposition to the Calvinism of Geneva with its twin doctrines of original sin and predestination. Every person, if allowed to live a life of freedom, has the innate ability and capacity to reach perfection here on earth and to share that perfection with his or her fellow humans!
The duty to preserve onea€™s life is so strong that he neither has the right to end his own life or to subject his life to slavery.
As creatures of God each person has the capacity to take charge of their own destiny and can regulate and improve their situation in life. However, he did not say that a man could amass property without limits or to the hurt of others. The king and queen would be subject to the input, the laws, and the regulations of those who they governed. His view of government, therefore, called for a strong central government necessary to thwart mindless revolts. Although Austria was a Roman Catholic country and Vienna was the seat of the Holy Roman Empire, the Zinzendorfs had converted to Lutheranism. His father was an official in the government of Saxony but died several weeks after Nikolausa€™ birth.
The American War for Independence was heavily impacted by the Great Awakening, and whatever impact the French philosophes and the Enlightenment had on American thinking, it was greatly tempered by Edwards, the Wesleys, and George Whitefield. They later parted company with the Moravians because they rejected the a€?quietisma€? emphasized by the Moravians. The hymns emphasized the free grace of God expressed through the death and resurrection of Jesus, emphasized the personal relationship that the Christian is intended to enjoy with God through Christ, and those practices of the Christian life that Methodism developed.
Twice nominated for the Nobel Prize, Becker was also a full professor at the State University of New York, and a noted author. The triggers are when the activity is accelerating towards the peak, or dropping down towards the minimum. Using processes only poorly understood, the body's ability to heal itself is far more amazing than anything modern medicine could create. Chronobiology comes from the ancient Greek (chrónos , meaning "time"), and biology , which pertains to the study, or science, of life . Research from the Institute of HeartMath shows that this emotional information is encoded in this energetic field.
This problem is being studied extensively in the late 20th and early 21st centuries and it is still being contradictory in some cases. And because they process and reflect upon incoming information so deeply, they are more likely to become over stimulated and overwhelmed than Non-HSP. Highly Sensitive People may even sometimes need until the next day to have had enough time to process the information fully, reflect upon it, and formulate their response. By some strange, unknown, inward urgency he is not really alive unless he is creating." -Pearl S. Dabroski's "OE" theory is that people born with overexcitabilites have a higher level of "development potential" than others and that overexcitabilities feed, enrich, empower and amplify their talents. And, where the Non-HSP is well stimulated, the HSP may be reaching, or might have already reached, a state of being over stimulated, over aroused and overwhelmed, which may manifest itself in Highly Sensitive People as getting upset, frazzled or even angry, needing to get away, or possibly "shutting down" and becoming unable to function. The daily routine we would recommend includes proper diet and nutrition, exercise, meditation, prayer or other spiritual practice, and very importantly, getting enough rest and sleep”. With the field weakening and cracks emerging, the death rate from cancer could skyrocket and mutations of DNA can become rampant.
Near the Earth's surface, those reactions cause rubber to crack, hurt plant life, and damage people's lung tissues. The value of 220 Dobson Units is chosen since total ozone values of less than 220 Dobson Units were not found in the historic observations over Antarctica prior to 1979. This " thymine dimer " makes a bulge, and the distorted DNA molecule does not function properly. He worked mainly as professor at Upstate Medical Center in State University of New York , Syracuse , and as Director of Orthopedic Surgery at the Veterans Administration Hospital , Syracuse, New York.
The spectral lines generated depend on the target (anode) element used and thus are called characteristic lines. These two images are then digitally subtracted, leaving an image of only the iodinated contrast outlining the blood vessels.
Photographic film largely replaced these plates, and it was used in X-ray laboratories to produce medical images.
In the pursuit of a non-toxic contrast material, many types of high atomic number elements were evaluated. After the plate is X-rayed, excited electrons in the phosphor material remain "trapped" in "colour centres" in the crystal lattice until stimulated by a laser beam passed over the plate surface. Electrons accelerate toward the anode, in the process causing further ionization along their trajectory.
It is reasonable to conclude that the detected waves are from the sun or are the result of some natural interaction between the earth and the sun. Based on decades of field proven experience, our most popular item used in research is our MuMETAL® Zero Gauss Chambers. But first, we want to familiarize you with our specialty alloys and explain their differences.
Evaluation begins with our Co-NETIC® Slide-Rule Calculator to determine alloy thickness required to attenuate unwanted fields. Now you can see the thickness of material required, and its effectiveness (attenuation ratio).
The B-H curve (below) depicts our materials' capabilities to attenuate and absorb a wide range of magnetic fields.
When both high frequency and low frequency fields are present, our alloys may be most effective if grounded and designed with proper RF shielding practices. Chinese and Arab insights and discoveries often suggested new explanations for natural phenomena.
The telescope, first produced in the Netherlands and improved by Galileo in Italy, led to the discovery and confirmation of the new way to conceive of our solar system--heliocentrism (literally: a€?sun-centereda€™). He was the first to discover the moons of Jupiter, the first to see spots on the sun, the first to realize that the Milky Way is made up of a myriad of stars and to suggest that the moon is mountainous.
If something is empirically true, it has been proven to be so through the senses, through experimentation and testing.
Man is to trust God for new insights and new revelations about Himself and his created universe. They remain in motion due to an immense force that set them into motion and, they remain in their course because of a law that holds them in orbit. Therefore, onea€™s religious beliefs should not be the test of being a good, acceptable citizen. Corrupt government officials work hand in hand with dishonest clergy against the common people. Violating his own stated ideal for children and the family, he required her to place them in homes for orphans. Coupled with this was the notion that a nationa€™s economic health was directly measured by the amount of gold and silver it was able to accumulate. His mother requested Philipp Jakob Spener to serve as Nikolausa€™ godfather, and sent the child to live with her mother, who was a godly, pietistic Lutheran. Memory cells can be compared to the hard drive of a computer because their job function is to store data as memories. The related terms chronomics and chronome have been used in some cases to describe either the molecular mechanisms involved in chronobiological phenomena or the more quantitative aspects of chronobiology, particularly where comparison of cycles between organisms is required.
HeartMath researchers have also seen that as we consciously focus on feeling a positive emotion - such as care, appreciation, compassion or love - it has a beneficial effect on our own health and well-being, and can have a positive affect on those around us. The relations between space weather changes and the human health have global implications, but they are especially significant for habitants living at high geomagnetic latitudes where the geomagnetic disturbances have larger amplitudes. They are also blessed with an incredible aesthetic awareness and appreciation for nature, music and the arts. But ozone also absorbs harmful components of sunlight, known as “ultraviolet B”, or “UV-B”.
Also, from direct measurements over Antarctica, a column ozone level of less than 220 Dobson Units is a result of the ozone loss from chlorine and bromine compounds. The radiologist or surgeon then compares the image obtained to normal anatomical images to determine if there is any damage or blockage of the vessel.
In more recent years, computerized and digital radiography has been replacing photographic film in medical and dental applications, though film technology remains in widespread use in industrial radiography processes (e.g. For example, the first time the forefathers used contrast it was chalk, and was used on a cadaver's vessels. This process, known as a Townsend avalanche, is detected as a sudden current, called a "count" or "event". These scientifically engineered chambers provide a laboratory work space of extremely low magnetic field.
Available as stress annealed (partially annealed for ease of machinability), sheet stock is used for fabricated shields such as enclosures, cylinders, cans, channels or 3D boxes.
For electronics applications requiring corrosion resistance, electro-tin plated stock is available. To insure your shield is annealed properly, we can measure attenuation (a shield's ability to absorb magnetic energy) in our ISO 9001:2008 certified Quality Control Lab using one of our Helmholtz Coils. However, the slide-rule is based on mathematics derived for specific cylindrical shaped shields; therefore it is necessary to further evaluate using our "hands-on" developmental Lab Kits to provide real evidence of success. If human reason coupled with the scientific method can discover the natural laws of the physical universe, why not the same for the spiritual world?
Montesquieu attributed Polybius, ancient Greek philosopher, for many of his foundational principles. Newtona€™s discovery completely overturned ancient superstitions, including those of the Roman Church.
Dead formalism was replaced by excitement, enthusiasm, spiritual fervor, and individual commitment to Christ. The brain also controls the growth rate in a body and the functions of the internal organs.
Nevertheless, the relevant researches are also important for humans living at any geomagnetic latitudes with different levels of geomagnetic activity; recent researches show that weak geomagnetic disturbances can also have adverse effects. High above the surface, above even the weather systems, a tenuous layer of ozone gas absorbs UV-B, protecting living things below. When the film is developed, the parts of the image corresponding to higher X-ray exposure are dark, leaving a white shadow of bones on the film. This shows Barkhausen Effect pulses generated in ferromagnetic domains are produced irrespective to the local ambient DC static magnetic field. Typically, atmospherically controlled annealing is required after stamping, machining, bending, rolling or welding to provide maximum shielding performance. Fully annealed MuMETAL® offers attenuation properties that are considered the best available for most applications worldwide. We would have no plastics, no machinery, no cures for infection, no successful surgeries, we would walk everywhere, and have very limited knowledge about and communication with the rest of the world -- and even with communities that exist only 100-200 miles away! The brain is like the CPU and Motherboard of a computer because it connects everything together and it processes everything voluntary and involuntary. Unfortunately, limited comparison of results of investigations on possible effects to humans from geomagnetic activity exists between studies conducted in high, middle and low latitudes. Photographic plates are mostly things of history, and their replacement, the "intensifying screen", is also fading into history. This educational "hands-on" evaluation is possible with purchase of our Gaussmeter, or Internet Special combination of Evaluation Kit and Meter (saving you 10% when you purchase the Evaluation Kit and Meter).
Knowledge about the relationship between solar and geomagnetic activity and the human health would allow to get better prepared beforehand for any future geomagnetic event and its impacts anywhere.
The metal silver (formerly necessary to the radiographic & photographic industries) is a non-renewable resource.
This is why Magnetic Shield Corporation suggests using one of our hands-on Lab Kits to test, measure and evaluate the affects of low-frequency fields within your physical environment. For these purposes there are conducted collaborative (jointly with scientists from Israel, Bulgaria, Russia and Belgium) and cross-disciplinary space weather studies in the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences for revealing possible effects of solar, geomagnetic and cosmic ray variability on certain technological, biological and ecological systems in different phases of solar cycle 23. Thus it is beneficial that this is now being replaced by digital (DR) and computed (CR) technology.
This paper describes some recently obtained results of the complex (theoretical, experimental and statistical) studies of influence of the periodical and aperiodical changes of solar, geomagnetic and cosmic ray activities upon human cardio-health state as well as human physiological and psycho-emotional state. Where photographic films required wet processing facilities, these new technologies do not. It also covers the conclusions of studies on influence of violent solar events and severe geomagnetic storms of the solar cycle 23 on the mentioned systems in middle-latitude location. In these studies, direct and indirect indicators of space weather influence are used: 1) Indirect indicators are essentially epidemiological data showing the temporal and spatial distribution of defined events or health disturbances involving considerable numbers of test subjects over several years. They are physiological parameters, which can be objectively verified and which are acquired either in vivo, directly on the subject (heart rate and its variability, blood pressure, human brain's functional state, human psycho-emotional state, so on), or in vitro by laboratory diagnostics or tissue investigations. Spectral analyses have revealed certain chronobiological periodicities in the considered data. There are also provided results of daily medical-physiological experiments (acupunctural studies of conductivity of the biologically active points of human body in days with different geomagnetic activity levels) conducted in the Laboratory of Heliobiology, Baku, Azerbaijan, as a part of collaborative studies with Russian institutions such as IZMIRAN and Space Research Institute.
Our complex studies enabled to conclude that not only extremely high, but also very low levels of geomagnetic activity may have signifi- cant influence on human health state, especially, in the cardio-vascular health state and human brain's bioelectrical activity.

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