Making a rat cage vancouver,wise food storage commercial use,emirates phone number lahore,emergency checklist a320 neo - PDF Review

Here you will find a collection of articles about rat care, handy tips, and general information about pet rats. Sushi rolls - they're very fond of the avocado rolls, but also like the tuna and egg rolls. With Instructables you can share what you make with the world, and tap into an ever-growing community of creative experts. Hello, this is amazing, I have 2 chinchillas, and a larger cage than you have pictured, but I'm about to add another level to it. This is the part where I'm supposed to tell you to be in a well-ventilated area because of the toxic melted plastic fumes.
Ta Da!All that's left to do is cut your hole for the water bottle (just make 4 of the little squares into one big one), add bedding, a hammock, any toys you like, and then of course the rats! In the past I’ve told you about my research for St Matthew Island, which drove me to learn the exact subspecies of reindeer introduced to the island. As usual, I went overboard with research: tracking down the original scientific papers by the researchers, and reading various books and websites on the broader topic.
I realised that accounts of the Rat Park experiments were often dramatically simplified by writers.
Unimpressed by this misinformation, I decided to write a definitive comic that stepped through the science of the original experiments.
I was lucky enough to have Professor Bruce Alexander, one of the original Rat Park researchers, review draft versions of my comic. Bruce came across as a generous person, as he obligingly answered my questions about the experiments. Though they were conducted over 30 years ago, it is clear that Bruce is still proud of the Rat Park experiments. It is clear that scientific accuracy is important to Bruce, and that he is not simply promoting Rat Park for personal glory.
Although Rat Park’s research was conducted with morphine, Bruce mentioned that this was not the original plan. Unfortunately, there were too many bureaucratic hurdles involved for the university to purchase heroin for the experiments (despite the drug being freely bought and sold on Vancouver streets!) The researchers instead used morphine, buying a quantity of the drug from the federal health department, which they kept in a Bank of Nova Scotia safety deposit box on Simon Fraser University’s campus. An essential part of my research was learning exactly what the Rat Park apparatus and research room looked like. On the other side of the room, the caged rats were provided with food, water, and the option of taking drugs.
Unfortunately only two of the Rat Park team were still alive when I was researching the comic.
Hopefully the team would all appreciate the cartoony way I paid tribute to their research in my comic. My artwork for the comic greatly simplifies the equipment used by the researchers to monitor Rat Park rats’ consumption. Firstly, all rats were painted with coloured dye (not shown in my artwork), with a particular pattern used for each individual rat.
Knowing the intake of each individual rat allowed the researchers to assemble aggregate data for factors such as gender, and whether the rats had lived in social housing their entire lives or not. The positions of the morphine and water tubes on were swapped between left and right at various points in the experiments. I loved learning about these measurement techniques, but spared readers the full details so the story didn’t get too bogged down.
Suzi Beyerstein, the wife of Rat Park researcher Barry Beyerstein, contacted me after the release of my comic to share her memories of the experiments. Suzi described her memories of being interrupted by phone calls (often in the middle of the night!) from the Rat Park auto-dialler. Due to funding constraints, the researchers were not able to fully test all variables of the experiment: was the reduced drug-taking in Rat Park more due to the comfortable enclosure, or the social interactions available to the rats? I drew my comic with the intention of making it a self-contained account of the study’s methods and findings. Firstly, there are the scientific papers themselves: The Effect of Housing and Gender on Morphine Self-Administration in Rats (1978) and Effect of Early and Later Colony Housing on Oral Ingestion of Morphine in Rats (1981).
Alexander notes “The Rat Park housing effect cannot be taken to be as robust as it originally appeared to be.” However, he puts this in context by mentioning that all experiments show that rats naturally avoid opiate drugs. She states that in “kicking the habit”, the researchers gave the rats nothing to drink except morphine for 57 days. We have two and they chew every piece of fibrous and some not fibrous materials in short order. While most people think of large wire cages when it comes to rats, we find that these work much better for us. Some of the tools can really cause some damage if you are careless or they are used improperly.


It's a good idea and you really should do this outside or in a garage with door up or something. I am preoccupied with telling the truth, and not misrepresenting the facts for the sake of a good story. Or the fact that the main character of Thin Air, van Helmont, was actually a bad scientist.
But I always appreciate when creative people take time to explain what happens behind their curtains. I was confident there was was enough credibility in the Rat Park story to warrant a full comic treatment. Often writers would make claims about the methodology which weren’t supported by the original papers. I extended the length of the comic from 28 pages to 40 pages, at zero extra cost to my crowdfunding investors. His patience in answering my many questions no doubt made Rat Park a better, more accurate comic.
Having said that, I was pleased whenever he pulled me up for overstepping the limits of the original findings.
However, the team was divided with predictions about what would happen to the colony rats if given free access to opiates. This security meant that the drug cache with a street value of CAD$262,500 (about a thousand times higher than the actual price the university paid for it) thankfully never fell into the wrong hands! The original papers only mentioned the total area of the enclosure (8.8m?), not the exact dimensions, or where the cage racks were located. When I got in touch with Bruce, he was able to send me a handful of additional reference photos. Painting Rat Park with happy colours gave the team something nice to look at during the long hours they would spend inside the room over the next four years. I emailed Bruce and asked him to double-check the 8.8m? figure listed in his 1978 Psychopharmacology paper. I am not sure if the rats in the cages were able to look down into Rat Park, or if that was prevented by some sort of screen. Well-known Canadian psychologist and sceptic Barry Beyerstein died of a heart attack in 2007.
Bruce is not much of a photograph-hoarder, so was only able to provide me with limited pictures of the team at the time of the experiments.
I am sure my comic, and other recent adaptations, will introduce their research to a new generation of readers. In reality, the researchers used a rather sophisticated way of measuring each individual rat’s intake. Food was available to Rat Park rats in the main area of the enclosure, however the only way which the rats could obtain fluids was to climb a ramp and enter a small transparent tunnel through the wall at one end of Rat Park. This was done by an electronic counter which measured the number of fluid drops triggered by the rat via photoelectric sensors attached to each of the two dispensers. Cage rat data from the days when the Rat Park counter was malfunctioning were withheld from analyses. Apparently the electronic measurement equipment was connected to a phone line, and programmed to ring the researchers’ phones to alert them of any problems with the experiment.
Suzi mentioned how touched she was to see Rat Park on my website as a comic, and mentioned that Barry also would have loved my depiction of his experiment. In other words, they were seeing if there was a difference in drug-taking in rats who had always lived in Rat Park, versus those who had recently moved after spending weeks in cages (and vice-versa). Written after some of the dust had settled (including the Rat Park funding running out), the article describes the other experiments which were conducted in Rat Park, and by other similar animal drug experiments around the world.
Extreme experimental pressure is required before laboratory rats want to consume opiates at all (sugar, forced-habituation and isolation). Bruce also dedicates three pages of The Globalization of Addiction‘s Chapter 8 to describing Rat Park.
In reality, this effect was performed in a Robert Coambs side-experiment involving caged rats. They are easy to clean, easy to make, provide adequate ventilation, inexpensive, lightweight, don't allow the rats to get their waste and bedding outside the cage, and are easily customized. The Dremel Tool can easily take a finger off, the soldering iron gets HOT, melted plastic gives off harmful fumes, the wire will cut you to pieces, and melted plastic will be flying everywhere while you make the cuts. It's important to hold the cloth as still as possible so that the holes line up and be sure to flatten it so there are no gaps between the holes. I thought of that after I took the picture, so just imagine that there are loose ties in each hole pairing.
For this reason, I have abandoned numerous stories because I could not verify their accuracy, or because I felt I would be stretching analogies past their breaking point.


However, I didn’t know exactly how long the final comic would be, or how I would structure the story. Despite this direct connection between heroin and morphine, the researchers wanted to conduct the Rat Park experiments using actual heroin: for the symbolic impact-factor associated with researching this well-known street drug. For the rats’ enjoyment, all sorts of desiderata were placed on the fragrant cedar wood-shavings inside Rat Park. He promised he’d go and revisit the original experiment room the next time he was on campus at Simon Fraser University. Anyway, for artistic effect, I made the wire mesh cages unobstructed on the side facing Rat Park. Whenever a new rat entered the tunnel, a video camera was triggered, which revealed the total fluid drunk by the previous visitor. For example, if the fluid levels dropped too low, or if any sort of equipment malfunctioned in Rat Park. If no one answered at that house, the system would call the other researchers’ phone numbers in rotation. Once the correct code was entered, the software would reveal the problem with Rat Park which needed attention. It turned out that the factor with strongest influence on rat drug-taking was the environment that the rats were living in during the experiment. Though due to the technical writing used in scientific papers, these terms are not mentioned.
It is discussed as part of a raft of examples which contradict the myth of inherently addictive drugs.
Slater has an engaging and descriptive writing style, and paints a picture of Bruce Alexander based on her time spent interviewing him. Know how to safely handle the tools, be careful, and always wear eye pro while using the Dremel.How To Make The CageFirst, use the Dremel Tool and cutting wheel to make the holes in the container.
Wiggle the iron around some so the holes are large enough that the zip ties can fit through.The holes need to be done in pairs and not too far apart or too close together. Well, I made this in the middle of a Michigan winter and I don't have a garage or workshop, so I did it in my living room. Then all that's left to do is tighten them up as tight as you can get them, then snip off the excess. Yet he sees the findings of Rat Park as consistent with his larger body of research into human addictions, which he assembled in his book The Globalization of Addiction. Film-maker Jen Di Cresce was also able to help with some scanned 1980s newspaper articles about Rat Park (see below).
Tin cans, balls and running wheels were all added to stimulate the rats’ natural curiosity. The researchers assembled data about the total morphine-water and water drunk by each individual rat by reviewing the pictures and noting the rats’ dye markings and the reading of the digital counter. The unlucky researcher who answered the phone would then have to drive up Burnaby Mountain to Simon Fraser University and restart the system!
I lost my real ones and just used the sharpest scissors I had that weren't my Fiskars) and mark your cuts. I did make sure that the baby was in bed already (can't be turning his precious little baby brain to jello) and I moved my head out of the way of the visible smoke (it's really stinky).I prefer to attach the hardware cloth immediately after making the holes. You can poke all the holes on every side, then attach them all in one go, but I find it's harder to line the cloth up again that way.
I prefer smaller rectangular holes for the long sides and a nice square for the small side, but it's really up to you as long as you're mindful of the space around the hole.
You can do a hole on the other small side if you want, but I like to leave that side solid so that the rats have a place to go that feels more cozy and secure.Don't worry if your cuts aren't perfect. I guess I could get all perfectionist and measure and level everything out, but I don't care to spend that much time on something that a rat is going to poop and pee in. They are pretty easy to please and don't mind if they have some creative windows on their home.While cutting the holes, always wear eye pro!
I had to use swim goggles since my actual eye protection glasses were in the car from when we went to the shooting range and Charlie wasn't home when I made this. Another thing to remember is that the cutting wheel can seriously hurt you if you aren't careful. The clear plastic is tougher than the lid and the Dremel can skip if you are pressing too hard, are being careless, or the wheel is too worn.




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