Meade county emergency management agency ky,first aid supplies st johns ambulance,earthquake preparation powerpoint backgrounds,youtube free american western movies - Step 2

La buena educacion de los jovenes es ciertamente el mejor oficio, el mas digno y mas noble, el que tiene mas merito, el que mas ayuda, el mas necesario, el mas natural, el mas razonable, el mas grato, el mas atractivo, el mas glorioso. One of the worst tornado outbreaks in the history of the western Carolinas occurred on 5 May 1989.
Citing the rapid advancement of the mesolow system into a destabilizing air mass, which was expected to result in a rapid increase in thunderstorm activity, the NSSFC issued Tornado Watch 183 for much of north and central Georgia and the northwest corner of South Carolina at 1821 UTC (Fig. The first violent tornado on 5 May 1989 occurred in association with a discrete supercell thunderstorm that developed ahead of the QLCS over Upstate South Carolina.
The first fatality of the event occurred near the intersection of Martin Camp Road and Parris Bridge Road (about 3 miles WSW of Chesnee) where a 66-year-old man was killed when his home’s chimney fell on top of him (Fig.
The supercell responsible for the Chesnee tornado moved quickly northeast across eastern Rutherford and west central Cleveland County, but no severe weather was reported. Although the tornado began to weaken as it moved across extreme northwest Lincoln County, it continued to produce F2 or F3 damage along Highway 10 (Fig.
Advances in technology have revolutionized all aspects of the weather warning system over the past 25 years. Of equal importance is the improvement in communication technology that has streamlined the warning dissemination process. On the first day of rifle deer season in Pennsylvania, hunters who harvested a deer within the disease management area in Adams and York counties took their deer to a state Game Commission chronic wasting disease sampling site at State Game Lands 249 at Lake Meade Road. In other recent discussions of CWD across the country John Weiss wrote in The Post-Bulletin in Rochester, Minn., "When Minnesota joined the growing number of states with chronic wasting disease detected in wild deer, the (Minnesota) Department of Natural Resources said that the ideal situation would be to follow the path taken in New York. South Buffalo Fire Chief and Armstrong County Emergency Management Director Randy Brozenick said smoke was coming from the structure when firefighters arrived on scene.
South Buffalo Township Detective Jeffrey Kuntz said there was virtually no delay in firefighters getting in position to fight the fire. Detective Kuntz said a fire marshal was called to the scene and his investigation revealed multiple fires were set inside the home. Firefighter Mark Phillippi comforts a cat rescued from under debris in the home’s basement. Volunteer companies responding were South Buffalo, Ford City, Ford Cliff, Freeport and Harrison Hills. While only seven tornadoes were reported across the area during the outbreak, three were rated F4 in intensity (Fig.
Operational implementation of Next Generation Weather Radar (NEXRAD) with Doppler velocity retrieval capability was several years away. According to WSO Greer, SC (GSP) personnel, the cell was very small and not especially reflective in radar data.
Another mobile home lifted and tossed by the tornado, this one on Old Island Ford Road north of Chesnee. Despite the devastation that had occurred near Chesnee, and an awareness of the severe weather potential, emergency preparedness officials in Cleveland County, NC had little inkling that a storm with a history of producing a violent tornado was bearing down on their county (Cook, personal communication).
The tornado appeared to weaken as it left Highway 18, moving along Highway 10 in northwest Lincoln County, but was still producing at least F2 damage. The NEXRAD network, implemented in the mid-90s increased radar coverage across the United States, but more importantly introduced Doppler technology, which provided forecasters with information about the radar-relative wind flow within thunderstorms.
Activation of the Emergency Alert System is automatic and practically instantaneous once a forecaster issues a warning.
The nightmare scenario would be to replicate what happened in Wisconsin, Colorado and Wyoming." To read that article, click here. Fire crews were alerted to a possible unsafe situation resulting from a previous police call at 3:00 pm. Several dogs and turtles were removed from the residence along with a cat that was rescued by Harrison Hills firefighter Mark Phillippi. In 1989, five WSOs and one WSFO shared warning responsibility for the 46 counties comprising the current Greenville-Spartanburg County Warning Area (CWA; Fig. County Warning Areas of NWS Weather Service Offices (WSOs) in the western Carolinas and northeast Georgia in 1989. A trough with a slight negative tilt extended from the upper low down the Mississippi Valley. Indeed, explosive thunderstorm development occurred in the form of a quasi-linear convective system (QLCS) along the surface boundary across north and central Georgia after 2000 UTC (Fig. It had moved approximately 1000 km in 12 hours, an average speed of  approximately 26 m s-1.


Residents of the area could not explain the origin of the bale of hay (lower left), estimated to weigh as much as 1000 pounds.
All that was left of this home were the concrete stairs, with rubble thrown more than a 100 feet away.
In fact, by the time a Tornado Warning was issued by WSO Charlotte, another F4 tornado had already ravaged portions of the Lawndale and Vale areas in Cleveland and Lincoln counties.
The tornado continued into southwest Catawba County before lifting in the Propst community.
Three of the four fatalities associated with the tornado  occurred in vehicles (all in the Toluca community). This enabled forecasters to detect thunderstorm mesocyclones, which were found to sometimes precede tornado development by 30 minutes or more.
Cell phone technology, the internet, social media, and other technological innovations have expanded access to and timeliness of information, including that of storm damage reports. In order for you to see this page as it is meant to appear, we ask that you please re-enable your Javascript! Phillippi said firefighters had to breach the cellar door to rescue a cat that was hiding under some debris.
This number of violent tornadoes is unprecedented for a single outbreak affecting the region since official records began in 1950[1].
This required personnel at the parent office to proactively communicate significant radar features associated with storms in other CWAs to neighboring WSOs.
The approximate location of an F2 tornado near Toccoa, GA is labeled, having occurred shortly before the time of this image. This would be an extraordinarily rare event for the Carolinas, as these phenomena are usually associated with the dry environs of the central United States’ High Plains.
Several mobile homes were completely destroyed after being tossed hundreds of feet along Turkey Farm Road (Fig.
In addition to the 4 fatalities (all in the Toluca community), the tornado was responsible for 52 injuries. The process of issuing warnings therefore became much more proactive and slightly more forecast-based than in the pre-modernization era. Chief Brozenick said it only took about ten minutes to get a good knockdown on the fire but the structure was a total loss. In addition, the Storm Prediction Center (SPC), now in Norman, OK, was located in Kansas City, MO, and was known as the National Severe Storms Forecast Center (NSSFC).
Overall, the warning process was by necessity much more reactive 25 years ago than it is today. At 1500 UTC[3], a strong area of low pressure was observed at the surface across the northern Great Lakes (Fig. The first tornado of the event, associated with a cell in the northern portion of the QLCS (Jones, personal communication) and eventually rated F1, was reported near Gainesville, GA at around 2030 UTC.
In addition, LP supercells are usually not tornadic, as the storm-scale thermal gradients associated with precipitation are important for tornadogenesis. The result has been vastly improved lead times and detection probabilities of tornadoes (Figs.
Nevertheless, this event, and similar events in the historical record (Table 1) prove that that there is a need for operational forecasters, as well as those in the public to prepare for the inevitability of these types of tornadoes occurring again. Detective Kuntz said the structure was unoccupied when the fires were started and there were no injuries to report.
The 5 May 1989 tornadoes produced around $40 million in damage (adjusted to 2012 dollars), making this the most damaging tornado outbreak in the area since at least 1950. The probability that even a large and destructive tornado would be preceded by a Tornado Warning was only around 50%. The cell responsible for this tornado subsequently produced an F2 tornado near Toccoa, GA in Stephens County, and two F1 tornadoes in Oconee County, South Carolina: one in the Madison community, and the other near Tamassee.
Nevertheless, a funnel cloud was reported with this cell near Boiling Springs, SC at around 1815 EDT.
The tornado was most destructive near Highway 11 just northwest of Chesnee (the Arrowood community), where F4 damage was assigned to at least one home (Fig. There have been several close calls throughout the years, most recently during the 27 April 2011 historic tornado outbreak.
Seven people were killed and over 100 injured, reflecting the most casualties during a single western Carolina tornado outbreak since 16 April 1944.


If a warning was issued, lead time was only a couple of minutes at best for the initial point of touchdown. The explosive convective development and reports of these initial tornadoes prompted NSSFC to issue another Tornado Watch (185) at 2033 UTC for much of South Carolina and portions of western and central North Carolina (Fig. Although several weak tornadoes occurred in the western Carolinas during this event, including a killer EF-3 tornado that ravaged portions of the northeast Georgia Mountains, the area was spared the brunt of this event. The tornado that moved through portions of northern Cleveland, northwest Lincoln, and southwest Catawba counties in North Carolina was arguably the strongest tornado known to have affected the region, as 4 fatalities, over 50 injuries, and $10 million in damage (adjusted to 2013 dollars) occurred, despite this being a largely rural area. A large tornado (more than 400 yards in diameter, referred to hereafter as the Chesnee Tornado) touched down around 1820 EDT about six miles southwest of Chesnee, between Parris Bridge Road and Peachtree Road, just south of Rainbow Lake. The intense tornado moved rapidly (estimated 50 to 60 mph) toward extreme northwest Cherokee County, crossing the county line near Old Island Ford Road. Since the vast majority of strong tornadoes are preceded by strong mesocyclones, the probability of an EF3 or stronger tornado being preceded with a Tornado Warning is over 90%. However, an objective examination of the data indicates that this was likely only a matter of timing. The paucity in violent tornado occurrence observed across the area during the past 25 years may have created a false sense of security, not only among the public, but among forecasters responsible for warning the public of the threat (long term and immediate) of destructive tornadoes.
Nevertheless, the very strong shear parameters were resulting in composite parameter values very favorable for supercells and significant tornadoes.
Typical Tornado Warning lead time for these strong tornadoes is over 20 minutes, which is about a 300% improvement from 25 years ago. Since the storm system responsible for the outbreak began to affect the area during the late evening and early morning hours, instability had begun to wane, allowing the severity of the storms to diminish. However, these radars were sometimes located too far from CWAs to provide quality data (Fig. 8) was the sounding that was most likely representative of the synoptic scale conditions associated with tornadic convection across the western Carolinas late in the day on 5 May 1989. By the time it reached Rainbow Lake, it had expanded to near 1000 yards and was producing at least F2 damage (Fig. In other words, it would now be extremely rare for the types of violent tornadoes that affected the region on 5 May 1989 to occur with little or no warning.
An historical overview of the nature of National Weather Service (NWS) operations in 1989 will be included in Section 2.
Low infrared (IR) satellite temperatures implied large scale forcing for upward vertical velocity (UVV) across much of the Tennessee Valley and southern Appalachians (Fig. The tornado continued to produce significant damage after crossing into Rutherford County, NC in the vicinity of Montgomery Drive.
Section 3 will contain a scientific discussion of the synoptic and mesoscale environmental characteristics that supported intense tornadoes on 5 May 1989. However, wind profiles were very strong, with strong clockwise turning observed in the lowest 1.0 km AGL. 12), although visible imagery did not reveal any areas of intense convection over the region at this time (Fig. Section 4 will detail the public impacts of two of the three violent tornadoes, including witness testimony. Network radars providing primary coverage to the Western Carolinas were located in Bristol, TN and Athens, GA.
Manual operation of the radar by NWS personnel at the parent office was a tedious process that often resulted in a 15-20 minute delay in data availability.
Forecasters essentially used this obsolete data to estimate the current location of the storm and to forecast its movement. It should be noted that the winds in the JAN sounding were anomalously strong at 1200 UTC, especially for sounding locations downstream of the upper trough axis.
This may have been an indication that wind speeds were locally enhanced in the vicinity of the mesolow and an associated mesoscale vorticity center (MVC).



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