National geographic 2016 february,free movies american sniper online,power outage kansas city north - You Shoud Know

Whether you're looking to relax by nature or indulge your inner history buff, check out our editors' list of ten incredible locations to see this season.
Best Vantage on Vintage FranceWith vineyards first planted by ancient Romans, the Cote d'Or—the most revered winemaking area in Burgundy (Bourgogne)—draws wine pilgrims from around the globe. Blue or Not, It Blows Our MindsFlowing almost 1,800 miles from the Black Forest to the Black Sea, the Danube River has been the main thoroughfare through central and eastern Europe for millennia. Next Great AdventureThe last remaining Himalayan Buddhist kingdom, Bhutan is distant by most standards. To the Manor BornWith a sculptor's discerning eye, the 18th-century landscape designer Lancelot Brown transformed Britain's grand country estates forever. Amped Up With the ArtsIf Edinburgh is the blue-blooded aunt at Scotland's tea party, then Glasgow, just 45 miles to the west, is the T-shirt-clad cousin kicking over the kettle on the way out.A wealthy shipbuilding and trade hub on the River Clyde since the 15th century, Scotland's largest city fell into dereliction, earning a rough-and-tumble reputation that stuck to soot-covered buildings well into the 1980s. Northern ExposureThe Inuit of Greenland call it sila, the immense natural world experienced with all five senses. Absolute PowderThose in the know choose the isle of Hokkaido for a ski experience found nowhere else.
This article is brought to you by the International League of Conservation Photographers (iLCP). In 2001, I packed everything I owned into a station wagon and set out with two friends–one canine, one human–and a vague idea. Wendell Berry once wrote of birds in the urban wild, “they are the remembrance of what is.” It is a strange thing to have to remember what is, but here we are, lost in a world of our own remaking. We can survive this way as humans, cut off from the world we evolved into, walled in by comfort and technology and the distractions of modern media. It isn’t just beauty we see in these places, and in infinite others in the National Park System–it’s memory. To some this unimaginable wild bounty was seen as a storehouse of resources, to be tamed, bought, sold, controlled and sent off to Europe in exchange for wealth, comfort, security.
But others saw this new landscape and encountered for the first time a remembered paradise, a place to be revered, studied, a place to understand ourselves in relation to the world around us. First the national parks were scattered units like Yellowstone, Yosemite, Casa Grande, Devil’s Tower, but eventually, in 1916 they were combined in a federal system that would protect these special places for all time, for the benefit of all.
There is much progress yet to be made in order to realize the true potential of this genius idea, but this year is an opportunity to be proud and thankful for what we have managed to do, to preserve a memory of what we are, and what we can be. Krista Schlyer is a photographer and writer living in the Washington DC area, and a senior fellow in the International League of Conservation Photographers.
Support the work of the International League of Conservation Photographers by donating at this link. National Geographic VoicesResearchers, conservationists, and others around the world share stories and commentary on the National Geographic Society's conversation platform Voices.
Society Field Inspection 2016: Gulf of CaliforniaDescribed by Jacques Cousteau as the "aquarium of the world," the Gulf of California in Mexico is threatened by coastal development, climate change, and other human activities. Support National GeographicWe've supported more than 11,000 grants to scientists and others in the field.Learn more about our work. Two years after being discovered deep in a South African cave, the 1,500 fossils excavated during the Rising Star Expedition have been identified as belonging to a previously unknown early human relative that National Geographic Explorer-in-Residence Lee Berger and team have named Homo naledi.
With at least 15 individuals of all ages and both sexes represented, the find adds an unprecedented amount of information to our understanding of early human evolution in Africa.
In addition, the absence of any other animal remains or large debris in the fossil chamber strongly suggests that these non-human beings intentionally deposited their dead within this cave. Italy 2016 takes you on a tour of celebrated cultural sites and hidden gems in the home of pasta, wine, sunshine and Roman ruins. The jet stream gets most of its energy from the temperature contrast between the air masses it separates.
Small grass yellow butterflies feed on fresh elephant dung in Kenya’s Tsavo West National Park. But it’s also famously poisonous, and its caterpillars are cannibals that eat their siblings. Once you know that a pupa is the butterfly in its chrysalis—in between being a larva and an adult—then pupal rape is pretty much what it sounds like.
Since the female is trapped in the chrysalis and has no choice in the matter, the term pupal rape came about, though some biologists refer to it more charitably as “forced copulation” or simply pupal mating. And don’t think for a minute that zebra longwings are an anomaly—plenty of their kin are bad boys, too. One day in Kenya’s North Nandi forest, Dino Martins, an entomologist, watched a spectacular battle between two white-barred Charaxes. Martins, a former National Geographic Emerging Explorer, wrote about Charaxes, or emperor butterflies, in Swara magazine, published in East Africa where he is now Director of Kenya’s Mpala Research Centre. Top picks You can sign up for The Ed’s Up—a weekly newsletter of my writing plus some of the best stuff from around the Internet.
Her work has also appeared in Science News, NPR, the Philadelphia Inquirer, Story Collider, Environmental Science & Technology, and other magazines and newspapers. DisclaimerThe views expressed are those of the writer and are not necessarily those of the National Geographic Society. Within sight of downtown Seoul, capital of South Korea and a hub of stressful modern life, salesman Sungvin Hong rests after a hike in Bukhansan National Park.
When you head out to the desert, David Strayer is the kind of man you want behind the wheel.
While the enchiladas are cooking, Strayer’s graduate students tuck my head into a sort of bathing cap with 12 electrodes embedded in it.
In 1865 the great landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted looked out over the Yosemite Valley and saw a place worth saving.
In England researchers from the University of Exeter Medical School recently analyzed mental health data from 10,000 city dwellers and used high-resolution mapping to track where the subjects had lived over 18 years.
All this evidence for the benefits of nature is pouring in at a time when disconnection from it is pervasive, says Lisa Nisbet, a psychology professor at Canada’s Trent University.
Nooshin Razani at UCSF Benioff Children’s Hospital in Oakland, California, is one of several doctors who have noticed the emerging data on nature and health. After two years living in the wild, engineer Matthew Sakae Forkin is back in the San Francisco area. Perhaps no one has embraced the medicalization of nature with more enthusiasm than the South Koreans. At the Twin Oaks Communities Conference in Louisa, Virginia, where people from around the world come to talk about eco-villages, cooperative housing, and how to live closer to nature, a conference attendee immerses herself in the communal mud pit. Saneum is one of three official healing forests in South Korea, but 34 more are planned by 2017, meaning most major towns will be near one. Korea Forest Service scientists used to study timber yields; now they also distill essential oils from trees such as the hinoki cypress and study them for their ability to reduce stress hormones and asthma symptoms. A lot of different things, judging from the neuroscience research that’s starting to come in.
Delaney Doyle holds edible daylilies she picked from her family’s land in the mountains of eastern Kentucky. A few years ago, for example, in an experiment similar to Bratman’s, Stephen Kaplan and his colleagues found that a 50-minute walk in an arboretum improved executive attention skills, such as short-term memory, while walking along a city street did not. Photographer Lucas Foglia grew up on a family farm in New York and currently lives in San Francisco. The Changing Face of Saudi WomenIn a deeply conservative culture, they are carefully redefining the boundaries of public life. POWER BRUNCH, SAUDI VERSION  Aljazi Alrakan (standing), a dentist and self-described lifestyle blogger, joins friends in a fashionable Riyadh restaurant.
Inside her family’s sitting room, where she had plumped onto a sofa to pour us Arabic coffee, Noof Hassan was testing out the word “headhunted.” She had never learned this in her English classes at school, and when she heard me say it, she made me repeat it because she liked it so much. There are women who might consider such a job but are overruled by their parents, or their husbands, or worried relatives saying, no, not you; other Muslim countries may permit such a thing, but in Saudi Arabia this is not what decent women do. GLAMOUR FINDS ITS OWN DISPLAY  In the comfort of no-men-allowed settings, like this fashion show put on by an Italian stylist in a Riyadh store, Saudi women of means explore different styles.
Somewhere along that complicated spectrum, improvising to suit her own ideas about dignity, Noof has established her personal requirements inside the company offices: no physical contact with men, please, no matter how incidental.
Saudi Arabia is the world’s most gender-segregated nation, but amid changes now under way, multiple generations of women are debating how to be truly modern and truly Saudi. I tell you these things here because Sami was about to drive us to the mall so Noof could help me pick out a new abaya, the ankle-length covering garment women must wear in Saudi Arabia, and I want you to see her before she goes to the bedroom closet for one of her own, all of which are black. The litany of “only nation in the world” rules in Saudi Arabia is familiar by now, partly because it provides such provocative news fodder for disapproving outsiders: The only nation in the world that prohibits women from driving cars. In Saudi Arabia all restaurants serving both men and women have divided eating areas, one for “singles,” which means men, and one for “families,” which means women, plus children and any men in their parties who are close relatives. All sorts of practical matters, including the physical layout of buildings, are arranged in deference to mandates that Saudi women be segregated from men. Even the “jobs feminization” campaign to encourage Saudi women to join the labor force, a five-year-old initiative also ordered and championed by Abdullah before his death last year, has come with elaborate segregation rules. This is when they would regard me levelly for a moment, and then sigh and nod, like, OK, here we go. CELL PHONES UPDATE A VENERABLE PASTIME  In winter the Saudi tradition of weekend picnics in the desert—with SUVs, multicourse meals, and dune buggies so the men can roar around on the sand—remains popular.
Because each time I returned to the United States from Saudi Arabia, everybody I knew asked whether I had been forced to wear a burka, some wardrobe clarification may be useful.
And in certain Saudi regions of that era, older women remember, there was nothing shocking about going out in a casual short abaya or wearing modest clothing with no outer cover at all. EDUCATED AND ENTERING THE WORKFORCE  Over the past four decades Saudi Arabia has achieved substantial advances in education for women, most recently under reforms instituted by the late King Abdullah. The change came in the 1980s, as conservative Islamist movements were burgeoning throughout the Middle East. And central to the conservative crusade was the castigation of women: for succumbing to Western influence, for appearing outside the home without male guardians, for speaking in voices that might distract or seduce men, for dishonoring God by failing to drape themselves completely in black. Saudis were amused by my efforts to grasp this “depending” part; it was like a newcomer to American culture interrogating one woman after another about the rules for displaying cleavage. It was Noof Hassan, in fact, who articulated the pithiest veiling explanation I heard, while she was at work one day and caught me watching her deft adjustments as she entered and exited the women-only factory area. FEMALE, SAUDI, AND FIERCE  Long discouraged from sports, especially those that clerics call masculine, urban women are drawn to clubs and home gyms where they can exercise away from men. I wondered about the Prophet Muhammad’s declaration that men have their own obligation to turn away from temptation and disrespect. I said that in many societies it was not uncommon for a man, when troubled by the way another man was contemplating his wife, to threaten to punch his lights out. I needed a new abaya because a female Saudi acquaintance with a mordant wit had suggested that the fraying abaya I’d been wearing for weeks might best be retired by burning it.
An urban Saudi shopping mall can feel like a panoramic stage in which many tiny dramas peculiar to the modern kingdom are all under way at once. That lawyer, a 30-year-old named Aljawharah Fallatah, plays in women-only gyms in girls’ schools or health clubs. Attar, along with other female business and academic leaders from around the kingdom, established Baladi five years ago to persuade Saudi women to accept the prospect of voting and running for office themselves. This obligation to hide the female form from men who are not family, so perplexing and unsettling to outsiders, can be complicated for Saudis too.
The conviction that a society’s virtue and vice can be managed by keeping men and women apart—that by nature men are lustful and women seductive, so that being a good Muslim requires constant attention to the perils of close contact—is so foundational in daily life that it reappears, for the mystified visitor, in one explanation after another. The serious worry, both women and men told me, is for the drivers themselves—the first women who will drive alone, once they are licensed, amid what are sure to be at least some hostile and predatory men. That brother, we wondered—does he plan to protect his sister from harassers, or do the harassing himself? INVISIBLE WALLS ARE EFFECTIVE TOO  With new policies bringing women into some sales jobs, the Families Only sign in this Riyadh mall store tells a lone male shopper he can’t come in.
The female members of the Shura were sworn in on a February morning in 2013, some with black niqabs or scarves over their faces, others without. Obaid spent 35 years with the United Nations, but she is by no means the only Shura member with professional credentials and an international education.
Ask women from any country what the Main Goal is, and answers will fly at you from many directions. SOMEDAY IT WILL BE JUST A CAR, NOT A FLASH POINT  The kingdom’s refusal to license women drivers has received so much international press by now that despite ongoing pro-driving campaigns, many women have soured on the issue.
The requirement that every woman live under the guardianship of a designated male comes in for special vitriol too.
These are brutal but discrete challenges, women kept telling me, to be taken on one by one, and requiring delicate maneuvering in a place where religious faith, family honor, and state power remain so tightly intertwined. Five years, Noof told me: That’s how long she believes it will be before Saudi women drive. But like a number of women I talked to, Noof said she was relieved that Abdullah never used his royal powers to order the issuing of driver’s licenses for women—and that his successor and brother, King Salman bin Abdulaziz, has made no move to do so. PROPELLING HERSELF, PLAID SNEAKERS AND ALL  Young enough to play in public without cover of abaya and head scarf, 12-year-old Lama Mohammed Bolgari navigates the Jeddah seafront. Expressing Themselves on InstagramSome Saudi women now feel comfortable using social media to celebrate their identities.
Photojournalist Lynsey Addario has covered conflicts around the globe, most especially in the Middle East and Africa. Whether it’s Botswana's Okavango Delta or Brazil's beaches, these 20 go-now destinations will get you packing. Natives here insist there's no place in France with wine traditions more deeply rooted, more consciously cherished. Flying in requires a plane nimble enough to navigate around mountain peaks and land in Paro Valley, the main tourist hub, where the number of hotels has tripled over the past decade as the once isolated country opens to more visitors. Brown reshaped formal gardens into rolling green parklands across the length and breadth of the country. Now scrubbed up and gleaming, Glasgow flexes cultural muscle, artfully burnishing its industrial cityscape.Scotland's self-proclaimed Year of Innovation, Architecture, and Design kicks off in January, with Glaswegians proudly puffing their chests. Said to dwell in Kilauea, one of two volcanoes here that are among the world's most active, Pele has been a busy lady.
Japan's northernmost island—surrounded by misty seas and chilled by nearby Siberia—is blessed in winter with almost daily snowfalls, accumulating on some mountains to an extraordinary 63 feet. Read our other articles on the National Geographic Voices blog featuring the work of our iLCP Fellow Photographers all around the world. I wanted to travel for a year and explore the National Park System and all other places wild and free that we might encounter on the way.
We have restructured almost every inch of Earth to make it more comfortable for us, more productive, more safe and easy to travel over.
Memory of another time, another life, when we lived in seamless connection to the system of nature. Beaver, bison, bird began to disappear, year by year, decade by decade, century by century as more and more people arrived to carve up North America, to name it and claim it for god, country, and king. Today there are more than 400 national parks, the newest units added just this month protect wildlife and their vital travel corridors, landscapes and historic places in the California Desert.
2016 is a year for journeys to these powerful places, to seek out treasure within these maps to our deepest selves and the earth we are connected to whether we remember it or not. Her work has appeared in Newsweek, the BBC, High Country News, and National Parks magazines. Posters and commenters are required to observe National Geographic's community rules and other terms of service.
To learn firsthand what's going on in and around this marine treasure of global importance, the National Geographic Society sent its top scientists and officials to the region in January 2016.
From Milan to Rome to Sicily, the vitality of the country is captured through the lens of National Geographic photographers. When the jet dips far south, it can deliver blasts of cold and snow to temperate latitudes; a north-jutting ridge promotes heat and drought. That weakens the jet, letting Arctic air flow south—over eastern North America, for instance.
They bobble around our gardens, all flappy and floppy, looking so pretty with their shimmering colors. As a female gets ready to emerge from her chrysalis, a gang of males swarms around her, jostling and flapping wings to push each other aside. A fallen log was oozing fermenting sap, and while a fluffy pile of butterflies was sipping and slowly getting drunk, the two white-barred butterflies showed up and started a bar fight. It doesn’t have to be dung, although that’s always nice; you may see flocks of butterflies having a nip of a dead animal (as depicted in this diorama of butterflies eating a piranha), drinking sweat or tears, or just enjoying a plain old mud puddle.
Butterflies start life as caterpillars, which are far from harmless if you’re a tasty plant, and can be carnivorous.
Because I have encountered some trying to come on to my sweaty body or sweat covered bedding during warm nights.


And an interesting fact: if you see a bunch of butterflies mud puddling, often most of them are males. Phenomena is hosted by National Geographic magazine, which invites you to join the conversation. Motivated by large-scale public health problems such as obesity, depression, and pervasive nearsightedness, all clearly associated with time spent indoors, Strayer and other scientists are looking with renewed interest at how nature affects our brains and bodies. They found that people living near more green space reported less mental distress, even after adjusting for income, education, and employment (all of which are also correlated with health). Swedish researcher Matilda van den Bosch stresses her subjects with a math test and a simulated job interview.
Compared with people who have lousy window views, those who can see trees and grass have been shown to recover faster in hospitals, perform better in school, and even display less violent behavior in neighborhoods where it’s common. A real-life experiment is under way at the Snake River Correctional Institution in eastern Oregon. Japanese researchers led by Yoshifumi Miyazaki at Chiba University sent 84 subjects to stroll in seven different forests, while the same number of volunteers walked around city centers.
We love our state and national parks, but per capita visits have been declining since the dawn of email. As part of a pilot project, she’s training pediatricians in the outpatient clinic to write prescriptions for young patients and their families to visit nearby parks. In Finland, a country that struggles with high rates of depression, alcoholism, and suicide, government-funded researchers asked thousands of people to rate their moods and stress levels after visiting both natural and urban areas. It’s autumn, and the changing foliage and crisp air have lured scores of urban refugees to the woods. In the new industrial city of Deajun, I pay a visit to the forest minister, Shin Won Sop, a social scientist who has studied the effects of forest therapy on alcoholics. Korean researchers used functional MRI to watch brain activity in people viewing different images.
Stanford researcher Greg Bratman and his colleagues scanned the brains of 38 volunteers before and after they walked for 90 minutes, either in a large park or on a busy street in downtown Palo Alto. His research builds on the attention restoration theory proposed by environmental psychologists Stephen and Rachel Kaplan at the University of Michigan. The colorful graph charted the power of my brain waves at a range of frequencies and compared them with samples from the two groups that had stayed in the city.
But even if the study bears it out, it won’t offer anything like a full explanation of the brain-on-nature experience.
Medicine and teaching were careers open to Saudi women early on; both suited a single-sex clientele. The apartment she shares with her husband, Sami, and their two small sons takes up one floor of a three-story building in a crowded neighborhood of Riyadh, the capital of Saudi Arabia. The women Noof supervises work in an area off-limits to men, but this company’s managerial offices are “mixed,” as the Saudis say: men and women, unrelated by blood or marriage, in close proximity every day.
There are women at the opposite end of the spectrum too, quite at ease with male colleagues—in the past decade, government scholarship programs have sent tens of thousands of Saudi women to study abroad, and they’re coming home, many impatient to push the pace of change.
Abayas in colors are starting to proliferate in Jeddah, the less conservative port city in the west, but in Riyadh a nonblack abaya worn in public still invites scowls from strangers and possible rebuke by the street-patrolling religious police.
The only nation that requires every adult female citizen to live under the supervision of a legally recognized male guardian, her father or husband or some other family member, who must grant formal permission before she can obtain a passport, complete certain legal matters, or travel abroad. Saudi authorities insist, to an extent unmatched in any other Muslim country, that Islam demands this separation in public and that these rules keep society orderly, honor tradition, and show respect for God. Men and women not tied by blood or marriage can pretend they are, but risk rousting by religious police; law and social dictates prohibit them from sitting together. When King Abdullah declared in 2011 that he would begin appointing women to the royal advisory council, the Shura, the ensuing national clamor—outrage from conservatives, elation from women’s advocates—included serious questions as to how these women could properly be seated.
After decades of an informal prohibition on women taking jobs that might place them in contact with men, certain kinds of retail stores have been ordered to hire female clerks, and the government is offering incentives for putting Saudi women on the payroll. Three of the five al Basri sisters relax as their children romp on this slope outside Riyadh.
That would have been the easiest reply, but no one ever worded it that way; this obligation to hide the female form from nonfamily men, so perplexing and unsettling to outsiders, can be complicated for Saudis too. They’re mothers, aunts, sisters, female passersby who feel free to chide women they don’t know. The Saudi women’s covering robe is the abaya—not the chador (Iran) or the burka (Afghanistan). Speculative explanations abound: because black is unappealing to a man’s gaze, or because there’s an Islamic scriptural reference to women of the Prophet Muhammad’s time wearing clothing that made them resemble black crows. Although he encouraged women to study and work, the nation still lags behind many other Muslim countries when it comes to employment opportunities for women. The Saudi government, its legitimacy threatened by such upheaval, enlisted religious police in a kingdom-wide crackdown that imposed upon all Saudis the rigidity of its most conservative cultures. In Arabic, Muslims use the word awrah to mean the more private parts of the body, those a respectable person always covers in public. Halah Alhamrani, 39, teaches kickboxing at her home in Jeddah; she’s a physical trainer, a career that women are taking up despite some hostile response.
Young women window-shop with cell phones pressed to their ears, angling ice-cream cones or soda drink straws into their mouths beneath their niqabs. This is not to suggest any sort of parity for male and female professionals; Saudi women with advanced educations complain of underemployment and frustration in a society only beginning to accept females into high-level jobs.
Hostility from traditionalists has been part of their challenge, but so has indifference, even from ambitious women: The first time in nearly a half century that Saudi men voted was in 2005, and the only elected offices are municipal council seats, positions of no authority. The reason hotel swimming pools won’t admit women or set aside a ladies-only hour: Men might glimpse women’s moving shapes in the water.
Raising this with Saudi girls and women, I found, elicits an interesting set of reactions, often in the same sequence.
The proposition that women would prove unfit behind the wheel and cause accidents—preposterous; the traffic death rate on Saudi highways is a source of national despair. For men unaccompanied by wives or children, close contact with female clerks is still unacceptable in much of Saudi Arabia. Inside Saudi Arabia it’s not hard to encounter privately voiced anger at the royal family, which maintains unyielding dominion over the kingdom’s oil wealth, uses repressive state power to silence any call for representational government, and regularly receives scorching reviews from international human rights organizations.
She and her colleagues have inured themselves to the steady broadsides characterizing the female Shura members as shills for the West, messengers of the devil, and so on; the criticism crescendos whenever the argument over driving resumes. Officially, a woman is supposed to be able to work, receive medical treatment, or enroll in university without her guardian’s permission.
Any outsider urging her countrywomen to fling off their niqabs, Al-Ahmadi says—or to demand en masse their own car keys, or to rip down the separation walls—must understand how many Saudi women would be unempowered, her word, by disruptions that profound.
Vigorous national argument about the proper behavior of modern Saudi men and women is shaping her generation.
It cost the equivalent of $40 and was elegant, with black snaps to close it down the front, but I didn’t switch into it right away because Sami had proposed bowling, and I didn’t want my shoe tracks all over the hem. Men in thobes and women in abayas and children were bowling together, at each lane, and against one wall a man and a niqab-veiled woman studied a pool table from multiple angles, taking turns shooting for the corner pocket.
Her recent work has focused on Syrian refugees and maternal mortality in Sierra Leone.What makes your photographs so significant?
They have something else to be proud of: In July 2015, UNESCO inscribed the region on its World Heritage List. The state capital, Natal, three hours by air north of Rio de Janeiro, reigns over a coastline that racks up some 233 days of sunshine a year. Winding through ten countries, it's like a medieval version of Route 66, except your stops will be at 13th-century Gothic churches rather than diners, and you'll be treated to views of Transylvania instead of tumbleweeds.Imagine the spires of the palace-bedecked capitals of Vienna and Budapest slowly rising above the trees as your boat glides around a bend. His habit of telling patrons that their grounds had great "capabilities" is said to have earned him the nickname Capability Brown.The tercentenary, in 2016, of Brown's birth (in 1716) offers a compelling reason to visit his landscapes now. The Turner Prize, Britain's most esteemed contemporary art exhibition and award, is in Scotland for the first time, culminating on January 17 at Tramway, Glasgow's former streetcar terminus.But it is music that really pumps Glasgow's cultural heart. Aquamarine rivers squiggle across its white void, feeding a thousand thundering waterfalls that flow into enormous fjords.
Since 1986, hundreds of acres of new land have been created by molten rock welling up from deep inside Earth and spilling, hissing and steaming, into the Pacific Ocean."Lots of visitors come for the lava," says Clarence "Aku" Hauanio, the third of four generations of his family to have worked at the 520-square-mile Big Island park, which celebrates its centennial in 2016. The yuki (snow) comes down very dry and light, creating a powder Valhalla for skiers and snowboarders.Niseko, on the southwest corner of Hokkaido, may be the most popular of the resorts, but Kiroro, a two-hour drive from Sapporo's Chitose Airport, is the real find. We use terms like “the natural world” and “the environment” to refer to our planet home where we are somehow no longer at home.
They were coming from a land where people had already wiped wildness clean off the landscape–to the point where, in some locations, the concept of the wild was utterly unknown, because there were no places left to help them remember.
Thankfully they spoke of what they saw, they wrote, painted, photographed, and shouted for sanity, for a means to preserve some of the land before it was too late.
The Parks are the sonnets of this land-memory and ultimately, as Henry David Thoreau and Wallace Stegner have expressed, they are pathways to our salvation and sanity as creatures.
Schlyer is the author of three books and winner of the 2013 National Outdoor Book Award and the Sierra Club’s Ansel Adams Award. They toured the desert islands off the southeastern coast of the Baja Peninsula and they listened to presentations by more than a dozen experts, including several whose Baja California research is funded by the Society. The winner of this tussle mates with the female, but he’s often so eager to do so that he uses his sharp claspers to rip into the chrysalis and mate with her before she even emerges.
Spiraling and slicing at one another with serrated wings, the fight ended with the loser’s shredded wings fluttering gently to the forest floor. They uncoil their probosces and slurp away, lapping up the salts and amino acids they can’t get from plants.
Scientists think this is probably because females get salts from the male, in a spermatophore package, when they mate. When we slow down, stop the busywork, and take in beautiful natural surroundings, not only do we feel restored, but our mental performance improves too.
He’ll compare our brain waves with those of similar volunteers who are sitting in a lab or hanging out at a parking lot in downtown Salt Lake City. Wires sprouting from them will send my brain’s electrical signals to a recorder for later analysis.
Olmsted had already designed Central Park in New York City; he was convinced that beautiful green spaces should exist for all people to enjoy.
It went back at least to Cyrus the Great, who some 2,500 years ago built gardens for relaxation in the busy capital of Persia.
Building on advances in neuroscience and psychology, they’ve begun to quantify what once seemed divine and mysterious.
When she delivers them into a virtual forest with singing birds, their heart rate soon recovers its normal rhythm. The forest walkers hit a relaxation jackpot: Overall they showed a 16 percent decrease in the stress hormone cortisol, a 2 percent drop in blood pressure, and a 4 percent drop in heart rate. More than 70 percent say their jobs, which require notoriously long hours, make them depressed, according to a survey by electronics giant Samsung. What’s still needed, he says, is better data on specific diseases and on the natural qualities that make a difference.
Strayer’s students seem more relaxed and sociable than they do in the classroom, he says, and they give much better presentations. When the volunteers were looking at urban scenes, their brains showed more blood flow in the amygdala, which processes fear and anxiety.
But scientific evidence indicates that even a trip to the backyard or a city park provides health and psychological benefits. My theta signals were indeed lower than theirs; the soft fascination of the San Juan River had apparently quieted my prefrontal cortex, at least for a while.
Something mysterious will always remain, Strayer says, and maybe that’s as it should be. Two years ago, the first time I met her, she was a manager in a food-processing factory, overseeing a dozen workers in an experimental all-female wing that was part of a nationwide campaign to draw Saudi women into paying jobs. A woman’s new party dress and eye makeup might be seen only by her husband and female friends; for those who can afford these things, they’re enticing nonetheless.
Noof Not Shaking Hands,” Noof said, and laughed so hard that she almost fell over on the sofa. The abaya Noof pulled out had gray plaid trim, with a flashy hint of red in the plaid—Noof had bought it in Jeddah.
Then, just before crossing the threshold of their apartment building’s front gate, Noof draped the remaining length of tarha completely over her face, which vanished, leaving visible only the skin of her ungloved hands.
The last nation, other than Vatican City, to grant women the vote; the inaugural registration period was just six months ago, and women who lived more than walking distance from the sign-up sites needed men to chauffeur them there. Inside shopping mall food courts, where Middle East brands compete alongside McDonald’s and KFC, gender partitions doubling as menu signs divide each stall’s ordering counter.
In summer, air-conditioned shopping malls are the public destination most inviting to women and families. Nearly every woman who talked to me about covering invoked tradition, social pressure, religious devotion, tribal loyalty, and the primacy Saudi culture places upon respectability, the assurance that a woman’s honor—her fidelity and probity, if she’s married; her modesty and virginity, if she’s not—remains unimpeachable.
Although very conservative women sometimes wear an over-the-head variation, abayas are generally neck-down garments; think of a judge’s robes.
Every society in the world has its own versions of awrah, and the Saudi Arabia of the past few decades has instructed all its faithful to regard as awrah not only a woman’s hair, as is widely taught across the Muslim world, but also her calves, her arms, and perhaps—depending—her face. When our families follow imams who insist the face is awrah, even though other imams say it isn’t.
Dayooth means a man who is not sufficiently vigilant about his wife and other female relatives whose honor he’s supposed to be guarding.
Now we left Sami to stash the car alongside the other husbands and chauffeurs while Noof led me briskly to the abaya wing, where seven shops stood side by side, a plate-glass-fronted lineup of fluttering, shimmering shades of black. Pakistani and Filipino drivers nap in the parking lots or video call their overseas families, waiting for the women who employ them to emerge.
Because that is where the young men go, and it would be cumbersome to play good basketball in an abaya. Insults to Islam or threats to national security—both expediently elastic categories, encompassing blogging, social media, and open defense of the already accused—are among the crimes punishable by imprisonment, flogging, or death.
The reason most Saudi clothing stores have no dressing rooms: Women won’t take their clothes off with male clerks on the other side of the door. First, they say, it is a certainty that Saudi women will be driving sooner or later, despite the thriving subeconomy—taxis, private drivers, the recruiting industry that brings in those drivers from abroad—that feeds off the men-only rules. The proposition that women would have affairs and abandon their families if they could leave home whenever they wished—only the most backward-looking sheikhs still make such claims, replied women I talked with.
Detailed rules specify which products must be sold by which gender: no female clerks for men’s skin care products, for example, and only women may sell lingerie.
Al-Ahmadi is in favor of licensing women drivers, but like Noof and many other Saudis I talked with, she said the West’s fascination with the driving story has created more national defiance than support.
At a Riyadh luxury goods fair, these women pretend to drive while they pose for photos of themselves. But in Saudi Arabia the official law often yields to tradition, individual interpretations of religious obligation, or fear of repercussions from a woman’s family. She likes some of the incremental options being debated, like offering licenses at first only to older married women, whose dignified appearance in the driver’s seat might shame harassing hotheads into behaving themselves. She knew how to loft a bowling ball behind the folds of her abaya and hurtle it just so, with spin. Plans for a new wine center, the Cite des Vins de Bourgogne, will further celebrate this hallowed terroir.A far cry from Bordeaux's flat landscape, historically dominated by aristocratic families, the fabled chalk slopes of the Cote d'Or form a snaking ribbon of land in some places no more than a third of a mile wide. Recently, the state's arid interior region, the historically poor sertao, has been seeing unprecedented love and investment from both the public and private sectors.
From the bagpiper busking top-20 tunes along Buchanan Street to the crooner wooing crowds at storied clubs like King Tut's Wah Wah Hut, Glasgow's sound track is unrivaled."To describe a typical Glasgow musician is quite difficult to do," says Stirling Gorman, who performs with his brother, Cha, in their band, King of Birds. The qajaq (kayak) allows close sightings of spouting whales—and, if you're lucky enough to be on a small ship that can access remote habitats, Greenland may be the best place in the world to see polar bears in the wild.Circumpolar athletes will gather in the capital, Nuuk, for the 2016 Arctic Winter Games, the largest international event ever hosted in the country. Here, youngsters play and learn in the Annie Kids Ski Academy, while ambitious free-riding skiers make endless fresh tracks on Nagamine and Asari peaks.
In reality it was a move of desperation (for more on that read my new book Almost Anywhere: Road Trip Ruminations on Love, Nature, National Parks and Nonsense). We have forged a landscape of forgetfulness by erasing vital clues to our origins, creating a confusing, disjointed time where the ranting words of various Donald Trumps seem to matter more than the silent way an eagle flies through morning fog.
When people arrived in North America, the wild was everywhere, peppered with human settlements that were closer to the wild than anything Europeans had ever seen. And somehow, though so, so much was lost, they managed to build a consciousness that led to one of the world’s first systems of wild land preservation. Schlyer’s newest book, Almost Anywhere, was released October, 2015, by Skyhorse Publishing. The caterpillars make sounds that mimic queen ants, which pick them up and carry them into their colonies like the well-to-do being toted in sedan chairs. A cognitive psychologist at the University of Utah who specializes in attention, Strayer knows our brains are prone to mistakes, especially when we’re multitasking and dodging distractions.


Strayer has demonstrated as much with a group of Outward Bound participants, who performed 50 percent better on creative problem-solving tasks after three days of wilderness backpacking. Feeling like a beached sea urchin, I walk carefully to a grassy bank along the San Juan River for ten minutes of restful contemplation. And in 2015 an international team overlaid health questionnaire responses from more than 31,000 Toronto residents onto a map of the city, block by block.
Miyazaki believes our bodies relax in pleasant, natural surroundings because they evolved there. One recent Nature Conservancy poll found that only about 10 percent of American teens spend time outside every day. To guide the physicians and patients into a new mind-set, she says, “we have transformed the clinical space so nature is everywhere. Forty middle-aged firefighters who have been diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder are paired off on the platforms as part of a free three-day program sponsored by the local government. In contrast, the natural scenes lit up the anterior cingulate and the insula—areas associated with empathy and altruism. Bratman believes that being outside in a pleasant environment (not the kind where you’re getting eaten alive by gnats or pummeled by hail) takes us outside of ourselves in a good way. Now, in the lighting assembly plant that had just poached her away, Noof was in charge of ten times that many. We climbed into their Toyota, Sami and Noof up front, and headed out into the evening to shop. Almost all Saudi schools are single sex, including faculty, and video is how some colleges handle lectures by professors of the wrong gender. Brand-new interior walls snake through department stores, separating male from female clerks. Cover!” a 25-year-old Riyadh woman recited in frustration for me, mimicking scoldings from strangers. Women in public may shed their abayas in and around hospitals, inside certain gated residential areas for foreigners, and on the premises of women-only facilities. When the boys we knew as children would be titillated and embarrassed to see our adult faces exposed. The point, Fallatah reminded me after a practice one evening, is that she’s a working attorney in a nation where, until the early 1960s, most girls had nowhere to attend school. The reason Saudi Arabia has only one movie theater, a new science museum IMAX: The government shut all cinemas during the conservative surge in the 1980s. Some women drive already, in the desert or other areas where no one pays attention; a causeway connects eastern Saudi Arabia to Bahrain, and it’s not unusual for Saudi husbands or chauffeurs to exit the driver’s seat at the border so the madam can take over. The ban is just a stupidity for a working woman trying hard to live a modern life while devoted to both her faith and her nationality; even Saudi scholars have acknowledged that there’s nothing in the Quran or other sacred texts forbidding women to drive. This labyrinthine wine terrain about three hours' drive southeast of Paris is owned by hundreds of farmers, many of them descendants of peasant families and some with just three rows of vines in a field the size of a bowling alley.Rent a bicycle to taste your way along the Route des Grands Crus, which includes oenophile-magnet vineyards in Puligny-Montrachet.
The sertao is rich in local culture (clay figurines, woven palm mats) and cuisine (sun-dried beef, cassava fries). But the arduous two-day journey there by 4x4 delivers many rewards.“You are the first foreigner we have seen in 22 years,” exclaims a surprised monk welcoming an American trekker to his mist-shrouded outpost near Mongar. You can glimpse Brown's developing talent in its undulating Grecian Valley."Capability Brown accentuates the positives of topography," says historic landscapes consultant Kate Felus. Along with skiing and ice hockey, participants will compete in ancient games such as the finger pull and kneel jump."We understand that we are only borrowing this land," says Petersen. During that year we visited more than 80 national parks, including the Everglades in Florida, Big Bend in Texas, Arches in Utah, Grand Teton in Wyoming, Olympic in Washington and many, many more in between.
The awe that those first arrivals must have felt would have been beyond anything we can comprehend. Inside, they are literally treated as royalty, with worker ants regurgitating meals to them and nurse ants occasionally sacrificing ant babies to feed them when food is scarce.
Among other things, his research has shown that using a cell phone impairs most drivers as much as drinking alcohol does.
The three-day effect, he says, is a kind of cleaning of the mental windshield that occurs when we’ve been immersed in nature long enough. I’m supposed to think of nothing in particular, just watch the wide, sparkling river flow gently by.
Along with Olmsted, they built the spiritual and emotional case for creating the world’s first national parks by claiming that nature had healing powers. Those living on blocks with more trees showed a boost in heart and metabolic health equivalent to what one would experience from a $20,000 gain in income.
That’s what Richard Mitchell, an epidemiologist at the University of Glasgow in Scotland, thought at first.
Our senses are adapted to interpret in- formation about plants and streams, he says, not traffic and high-rises. According to research by the Harvard School of Public Health, American adults spend less time outdoors than they do inside vehicles—less than 5 percent of their day. In North America groups of men in the woods likely would be hunting or fishing, but here, after a morning of hiking, they practice partner yoga, rub lavender massage oil into each other’s forearms, and make delicate dried flower collages. A hundred-million-dollar healing complex is under construction next to Sobaeksan National Park. Every workplace that includes both genders is required to designate a no-men-allowed area where women can feel more “comfortable”—I heard that word from women, over and over. Four decades ago, older Saudi women told me, protocols for covering and comportment varied across the kingdom, according to region, class, and one’s own family and tribal standards. Couples walking or driving in public together were forced to show police their marriage licenses. The cloth was sheer, evidently woven with this purpose in mind, and outside the car windows things were dimmer and grayer, but visible. Absolute control remains in the hands of the Al Sauds, the now enormous family for whom the nation was named. The organization that runs the religious police (who often operate alongside national police and are authorized to advise, berate, and arrest) is called the Committee for the Promotion of Virtue and the Prevention of Vice. Besides screening problematic Western movies, dark movie theaters make it easier for men and women to mix. Noof and Sami share with other relatives a single hired driver, for a thousand-dollar monthly fee—more than many families can afford. At neighborhood haunt La Grilladine, in the medieval town of Beaune, pair the beef bourguignonne with one of the local vieilles vignes (wine from old vines).
It also is the cradle of forro, a rambunctious musical blend of accordion, triangle, and zabumba drums that sends couples twirling much as it did during World War II, when the area housed U.S.
Founded in 1923, the resort has four private pink-sand beaches and 87 luxurious rooms and suites in its classic pink cottages (including a restored 17th-century sea captain's home). In Lhuntse village, women display their vibrantly hued silk wares to Bhutanese traders, who travel here from the capital city of Thimphu in search of precious kushutara textiles. If anyone had asked me during that year on the road what I was searching for, I doubt I could have produced an answer. Lower mortality and fewer stress hormones circulating in the blood have also been connected to living close to green space. Saudi Arabia is the most profoundly gender-segregated nation on Earth, and amid the fraught, fragile, extraordinary changes under way in the daily lives of the kingdom’s women—multiple generations, pushed by new labor policies and the encouragements of the late King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, are now debating what it means to be both truly modern and truly Saudi—this matter of mixing remains very controversial indeed. The monarchy was a young nation then—established in 1932, newly flush with oil money, and still a patchwork of Arab cultures, from desert tribes with ancient traditions to cosmopolitan cities along the coasts.
Women debate each other about the niqab, which is the word Saudis use for the black, tie-on cloth made specifically for covering the face; I once sat through a table-pounding niqab argument among three Riyadh feminists, one of whom insisted that any modern woman who “chooses” to veil her face does so only under pressure from the oppressive society around her. Three years ago the first women received permission to work as lawyers rather than just consultants.
She sensed, apparently, that she still needed to convince the foreigner in the backseat that placing her own foot on an accelerator was not the thing she most desired from this life. Lower Danube cruises commonly sail east from Budapest to the Black Sea, passing through Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria, and Romania. Family homestays fill in for hotels, offering travelers a place to sleep and dine on traditional dishes, including ema datshi, spicy chilies and cheese, often served with red rice.
Or take a train from the Japan Rail airport station to Niseko (or to Otaru for Kiroro resorts). But 15 years later, and 100 years after the official creation of the National Park Service, I have one. She wrapped her black tarha, the long Arabian head scarf, over her hair and under her chin and once more over her head. Women past adolescence, including expat corporate managers and visiting reporters, wear abayas.
Although Islam of an especially conservative and all-consuming form was the faith of the whole country, its expression varied from place to place. There’s no other nexus of Saudi commerce so steadily populated by women, and after a while I found myself studying passing shoes and handbags, imagining them attached to women I was coming to know: the retired pediatrician, the graphic designer, the market checkout clerk, the business entrepreneur, the sociology professor, the lawyer who plays basketball three nights a week and is six feet tall, with a wicked layup. No.” Then she stopped, her hand on a deep gray sleeve with a black band of satin at the wrist. Sometimes I go places where there are many women, and somebody comes up to me and says, ‘Do you think we care that we drive? Third-generation family owner Jean-Claude Bernard sets the tone, worldly yet down-to-earth.
In season, try the clawless (the meat is in the tail) spiny lobster either stuffed or served in creamy tomato sauce at Wahoo's Bistro and Patio in St. Malmaison, housed in a converted Greek Orthodox church (with a modern wing attached), is home to Scottish superchef Martin Wishart's new brasserie, The Honours. Where to Stay: Sleep in the park at the 33-room Volcano House, built in 1941 (and completely renovated in 2012-13) at the rim of Kilauea Caldera. In her 20s she rejected alternative suitors preferred by her family because she was determined to marry Sami, whom she loved.
When King Abdullah started a royal scholarship program for study abroad in 2005, women were included among its initial scholars; as of 2014, more than 35,000 Saudi women were enrolled in foreign undergraduate and graduate programs, with more than half studying in the United States.
Close to the lifts at the Kiroro Resort, the former Mountain Hotel is now the Sheraton Hokkaido Kiroro Resort.
Moreover, the lowest income people seemed to gain the most: In the city, Mitchell found, being close to nature is a social leveler.
She estimates that she saw Titanic at least ten times when she was a teenager; movie theaters are prohibited in Saudi Arabia, but popular DVDs are easy to come by, no matter what disapproving conservative sheikhs may say. Expand the view by choosing a suite with a French balcony and floor-to-ceiling sliding glass doors.
Tours include all transportation within Bhutan and a licensed guide who accompanies you throughout the trip. Hartwell House and Spa, a National Trust property near Aylesbury, has 30 rooms and suites in the main house and 16 in the adjacent Hartwell Court. And the former Piano Hotel, located a shuttle bus ride from the lifts, is now the Kiroro, part of the upscale Starwoods Tribute Portfolio collection. From Dijon, you can take a walk lasting several days (depending on the amount of wine consumed) or rent a car to follow the 37-mile Route des Grands Crus south to Santenay.
Browse the collections of edgy textiles (such as iguana fabric, surreal Chic Blotch wallpaper, and Union Jackass lampshades). In Beaune, the better option is renting a bike (March through November) to pedal the Voie des Vignes (Vineyard Way) velo (bike) route to Santenay.
To ride along the northern beaches and over the dunes, hire a registered bugueiro—buggy driver—through your hotel. The side-paddle-wheel steamer was built in England and smuggled guns and other supplies into Wilmington, North Carolina.
Opened in 2008, the Wangchuk Hotel Mongar regularly hosts tour groups visiting eastern Bhutan. Meals aren't included, but the cafe does serve local fare such as reindeer and Arctic char. Geological Survey volcanologist Richard Hazlett, includes expert tips on what to look for when visiting Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park. The treats aren't widely available outside of Hokkaido, and a new ice cream version (Marusei ice sand) is sold only at the Rokkatei Sapporo Honten near the Sapporo train station. Where to Stay: After touring the vineyards, relax by the heated outdoor pool or in the sauna at Le Clos de la Challangette in Beaune.
Where to Stay: The oceanfront Serhs Natal Grand Hotel at Ponta Negra Beach is designed for families.
Menus regularly feature Danube River specialties such as Viennese gabelbissen (potato salad topped with egg or pickled herring), Hungarian goulash (meat and vegetable stew seasoned with paprika), and German Wiener schnitzel.
What to Buy: Hand-carved wooden bears, bamboo mukkuri (mouth harps), and other traditional crafts of the Ainu, Japan's indigenous people and the first to inhabit Hokkaido, are typically sold in a few shops near the Shiraoi Ainu Museum (at Shiraoi station, about one hour and 15 minutes south of Sapporo on the Hokuto Line). The sprawling resort has 396 rooms and suites, multiple pools, and organized sports and kids' activities. Today, divers who visit the site can see the steamer's two paddle wheels: one standing upright and the other lying on the ocean floor.
Experience Viennese kaffeehaus culture in the Old World salon of the Demel, an elegant 18th-century confectionery bakery and coffeehouse. Whether red, green, fresh, dried, crushed, powdered, or turned to paste, the fiery pepper is an essential ingredient in most recipes.
Pick up the book at the Stowe gardens gift shop, which also stocks bottles of New Inn Restoration Ale. The city has 90 gardens and parks, including Victoria Park, where you can see remnants of an ancient swamp forest.
Designed as a replica Ainu village, the complex includes a museum building, five thatched houses (some fringed with hanging salmon), and a pen housing snowy white Hokkaido, or Ainu, hunting dogs.
There's far less hubbub at Kana Pousada de Charme, an eight-room bed-and-breakfast that welcomes guests ages 14 and up.
The site, called Fossil Grove, protects 11 fossilized tree stumps estimated to be about 330 million years old. Other local staples include seaweed, musk ox, Greenland halibut, and Greenlandic herbs (like sheep sorrel and knotted pearlwort). What to Read Before You Go: A photo of a sheep in Hokkaido sets in motion the surreal journey at the center of Haruki Murakami's best-selling A Wild Sheep Chase (Vintage, 2002), in which the hero is led to the snowy mountains of northern Japan.
The washed-rind soft cheese originated in Burgundy in the 16th century and is available to sample and buy in the dairy's shop. Shop instead in the village-like Spittelberg, the revitalized Biedermeier district pedestrian zone with cobblestone streets and secluded courtyards. The complex silk-on-silk art form is passed down from mother to daughter (only women weave in Bhutan) in Khoma, where weaving is the primary source of income. Other Gaugry cheeses are sold in the shop, along with regional products such as Dijon mustard and gingerbread. Beach bars up and down the coast serve plates of fried manjuba and fresh camaroes (shrimp). Textile Tour itineraries offered by Access Bhutan Tours and Treks and other operators include visiting the village to watch the weavers and shop for brightly colored scarves, kiras (traditional Bhutanese ankle-length dresses), and other handwoven items.
Before choosing one to take home, learn more about these Greenlandic talismans at the Nuuk Art Museum.
The posts are set up at intervals along the side of the highway, and the arrows point down to mark the edge of the road. Back then, senior staff would show tourists around the gardens when the family was away, expecting a tip for their efforts. The reflective red stripes serve as beacons for motorists in a blinding snowstorm but regularly baffle first-time visitors.
What to Read Before You Go: Translated from Portuguese, the Machado de Assis Prize-winning novel Nowhere People (And Other Stories, 2014) by Paulo Scott shines a rare literary spotlight on Brazil's indigenous Guarani people. Cultural Tip: Always ask your guide before taking any photos or video inside any dzong (fortress), monastery, temple, or other religious institution. What to Watch Before You Go: The award-winning documentary A Year in Burgundy (Kino Lorber films, 2013) is a season-by-season look at the lives of seven Burgundian winemaking families.
A genetic mutation causes the tree's low-hanging branches to take root and sprout new life when they touch the ground. Exterior colors signaled what took place inside, such as yellow for hospitals, black for police stations, and blue for fish-processing houses. Louis Joseph Chevrolet, the race-car driver who designed the first Chevrolet for General Motors, moved to Beaune as a child. During his teen years in Burgundy, he worked as a wine-cellar guide, and built, sold, repaired, and raced bicycles.



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