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There are 54 countries and one “non-self governing territory”, the Western Sahara, in Africa. Before colonial rule Africa comprised up to 10,000 different states and autonomous groups with distinct languages and customs.
The Pharaonic civilization of ancient Egypt is one of the world’s oldest and longest-lasting civilizations. Arabic is spoken by 170 million people on the continent, followed in popularity by English (130 million), Swahili (100), French (115), Berber (50), Hausa (50), Portuguese (20) and Spanish (10). Over 25% all languages are spoken only in Africa with over 2,000 recognised languages spoken on the continent. Over 25 million people are HIV-positive on the continent and over 17 million have died of the disease already. The Second Congo War claimed over 5.4 million lives and is the deadliest worldwide conflict since World War II. There are fewer people with internet connections in Africa than there are in just New York City. Approximately 90% of all cases of malaria worldwide occur in Africa, accounting for 24% of all child deaths in sub-Saharan Africa.
Africa is the world’s hottest continent with deserts and drylands covering 60% of land surface area (e.g. Nigeria is fourth largest oil exporter in the world, and Africa’s biggest oil producer with about 2.2 million barrels produced every day. The continent has the largest reserves of precious metals with over 40% of the gold reserves, over 60% of the cobalt, and 90% of the platinum reserves. China is Africa’s top trade partner with Sino-African trade volumes now nearing $200 billion per year. Neocolonialism is a real threat with over 1 million Chinese citizens on the African continent. Pigs walk around on top of 20m deep refuse piles at the water’s edge in Freetown (Sierra Leone).
Over 55% of Africa’s labour force working in food production with vast areas of arable and pastoral lands supporting agricultural economies. Over 90% of soils are unsuitable for agriculture and only 0.25% has moderate to low potential for sustainable farming.
The streets of Porto Novo, the capital of Benin, are not paved, all cars are second-hand, and all taxis are motorbikes. Water scarcity impacts the lives of over 300 million Africans, of whom approximately 75% of Africans rely on groundwater as their primary source of drinking water. Productivity of about 65% of the continent’s agricultural lands has declined significantly with vast tracts of land have been degraded by erosion, poor land management practices, mining and pollution over the last 50 years.
Some landscapes are estimated to lose over 50 metric tonnes of soil per hectare per year due to neglect and desertification. Over 30% of Africa’s pastural land and almost 20% of all forests and woodlands are classified as moderately- or heavily-degraded. Deforestation rates in Africa are twice the average for the rest of the world with more than four million hectares of primary forest disappearing every year. Some 60% of the tropical forests in the Congo Basin are considered commercially exploitable. Six of the top ten countries with the largest annual net loss of forested area are in Africa. Primary forests shrink by on average 40,000 square kilometres (or 0.6% of total remaining forest cover) each year with most significant losses in heavily-forested countries such as the Democratic Republic of Congo and Gabon. Hala Village in the valleys below Hogsback Mountain where Cape parrots used to feed on yellowwood fruits, Celtis fruits, wild olives, and wild plums before they were chopped out by greedy colonists or burnt under communal land ownership. Lake Victoria is the largest lake in Africa and the second-largest freshwater lake in the world.
Africa has the most extensive biomass burning in the world, yet only emits about 4% of the world’s total carbon dioxide emissions. Africa has eight of the 11 major biomes and the largest-remaining populations of lion, elephant, rhinoceros, cheetah, hyena, leopard and hundreds of other species. Megafauna like giraffe, zebra, gorilla, hippopotamus, chimpanzee and wildebeest are unique to the continent and only found here. Africa has over 85% of the world’s elephants and over 99% of the remaining lions are on the African continent.
Africa is home to the world’s largest living land animal, the African elephant, which can weigh up to 7 tons. NarinaTrogons are the most widespread and generalist in their habitat preferences of the three Apaloderma trogons.
Today there are few truly wild places left on the continent with 1.1 billion people and a global economy looking to Africa for the resources to sustain development into the next century. I have not been to Africa yet but it would be great for me when i’ll find the chance to try something like this.
Africa is better than this, there is much good to talk about Africa but not much negatives as Steve potrays. I’m currently attending college I’m taking an African diversity class and I love it this point in the semester wish that people would stay out of Africa and stop robbing my motherland of all the materials and quit raping my homeland !!!
The information is good though but next time you potray a good image of our lovely continent,tell us!
Green sea turtles are reptiles whose ancestors evolved on land and took to the sea to live about 150 million years ago.
Unlike other sea turtles, female Kemp's ridley turtles come ashore to lay their eggs in the daylight hours.
Leatherback hatchlings make a perilous journey from their nest to the ocean, and are not even safe once they make it. Leatherback sea turtles lay their eggs in nests on shore, where they are vulnerable to scavenging dogs and beach-strolling humans. Olive ridleys get their name from the coloring of their heart-shaped shell, which starts out grey but becomes olive green once the turtles are adults.
Urteaga is working hard and fast to save the marine turtle species with an innovative sea turtle conservation program. A photo of a woman spotlit by the glow of her phone on a crowded train has been chosen as the grand-prize winner of the 2014 National Geographic Photo Contest.Selected from more than 9,000 entries, the photo, titled A Node Glows In The Dark, was shot at Ocean Park in Hong Kong. Playground of the tsars"Russia needs its paradise,” Prince Grigory Potemkin, Catherine the Great’s general, wrote in 1782 urging the annexation of Crimea, and no wonder.The Crimean Peninsula, with its voluptuously curved Black Sea coast of sparkling cliffs, is paradise—with Riviera-grade vistas but without Riviera prices. France’s new capital of cultureOn a once derelict jetty, opposite the stone ramparts of 17th-century Fort St. A vibrant historical mosaic in ItalyAt first glance, there hardly seems to be any comparison between Ravenna and Rome: Ravenna is smaller, sleepier, and without Rome’s domed skyline or ruins.
The fresh face of Ecuador’s old citySurrounded by bunches of bright sunflowers and chamomile, Rosa Lagla gently performs soul-cleansing limpia treatments in a market just a few blocks from Plaza de San Francisco, hub of Quito’s restored Old Town. A spiritual awakening in MyanmarThe once isolated nation at the culturally rich crossroads of India and China is a land that imbues even the most jaded traveler with a sense of wonder.In Myanmar, government reforms since 2010 and the election of democracy activist (and Nobel Peace Prize recipient) Aung San Suu Kyi to parliament have propelled a profoundly gracious land, formerly known as Burma, onto the world stage.
Nova Scotia’s treasured islandDuring the 18th and 19th centuries, fishermen and settlers from France and Scotland came to Cape Breton Island, drawn by its rich fisheries, ample timber, and the chance of a better life. Africa’s new frontierUganda, once the cornerstone of Africa’s Grand Tour, is today bypassed by most visitors.

New York’s original art showNot even Rip Van Winkle could sleep through the cultural clarion of today’s Hudson Valley. WASHINGTON (July 24, 2012)—National Geographic Kids’ bestselling kids’ book series, National Geographic Readers, is now available on Apple iBooks, Barnes & Noble’s Nook, Amazon Kindle and Kobo. Filled with stunning photography, bold text and colorful illustrations, National Geographic Readers e-books explore high-interest nonfiction topics that children — including even the most reluctant readers — can’t get enough of, like dinosaurs, tigers, planes and trains. The titles are leveled from pre-reader to fluent to ensure that choosing books is simple and to help kids along their own paths to literacy. National Geographic Readers e-books are part of the National Geographic Super Readers program that provides fun incentives to keep kids reading, and games and activities that enhance learning and excitement.
The e-book format allows parents and kids portable access to more books and saves bookshelf space. The 34 titles currently available are “Elephants,” “Whales,” “ Butterflies,” “Amazing Animal Journeys,” “Deadliest Animals,” “Cats vs. National Geographic Kids inspires young adventurers to explore the world through award-winning magazines, books, apps, games, toys, videos, events, and a website and is the only kids brand with a world-class scientific organization at its core.
Vice President of the North American Pot Bellied Pig Association Anna Key wasn’t sure how her beloved pig, Ellie, would react after she brought a kitten into the mix.
Nat Geo WILD is gearing up for its second annual BarkFest weekend with an expose on dangerous chihuahuas, an in-depth look at what mutts are made of, why breeds come in different shapes and sizes, a look at the world’s funniest dogs, and the best doggy moments from The Incredible Dr. If you’ve been watching The Story of God with Morgan Freeman, you know that Freeman has traveled the world on his quest to uncover answers to some of mankind’s biggest questions, touching down in 20 cities across seven countries while exploring the spiritual and religious traditions and rituals in each place.
What does apocalypse truly mean – global destruction, inner revelation – or both?  Do you think that people are hard-wired to believe in some sort of apocalypse?
Life Below Zero returns as an early winter forces Alaskans to go head-to-head with Mother Nature to hunt, gather, and preserve their ability to survive in their corner of the Arctic as the dark, bitter cold closes in. While we may not like to think about our ending, death is a fundamental part of the life cycle—a touchy subject, but an inevitable one.
Subscribe to National Geographic magazine and save. Print and digital editions available for as little as $12. A series of prehistoric creature illustrations demonstrates the evolution of mammals though the ages.
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Top 10 oil producers in order of total exports: Nigeria, Algeria, Angola, Libya, Egypt, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Republic of Congo, Gabon, South Africa. Most people do not use money and prefer to barter for sachets of clean water, the most valuable commodity in Freetown. In the last decade Africa has had the fastest growing economies in the world but Europe is massively on decline.I would like to see similar of Europe and America, stating America has the highest maternal and infant mortality in the developed world and over 1 million people in Britain rely on handouts for food. National Geographic is one of my most favorite TV channels and I enjoy many serials and stories on it. Bytheway right now going to take the, and so damn sure that will have marvelous time there.
Your report of abject poverty is scary but I would have love you to talk about places like Johannesburg in South Africa, Lagos, Ibadan, Port Harcourt and Abuja in Nigeria. Females often return to the same nesting areas where they were born to produce their own offspring. They are one of the few species so ancient that they watched the dinosaurs evolve and become extinct.
The photographer, Brian Yen of Hong Kong, said: "I feel a certain contradiction when I look at the picture. Balmy with 300 days of sun a year (“It is never winter here,” said the writer Anton Chekhov, who had a dacha near Yalta), the place served as the playground of tsars and Politburo fat cats.
Jean, a new glass-and-steel building shimmers behind a lacy spider’s-web facade of finely cast concrete. But back in the fifth century, it was Ravenna that served as capital of the Western Roman Empire. The Great Bear Rainforest, the planet’s largest intact coastal temperate rain forest, is an untamed strip of land stretching 250 miles along British Columbia’s coast that harbors extensive tracts of giant hemlock, Sitka spruce, and red cedar. Rubbing handfuls of stinging nettles, sweet herbs, and rose petals into the skin drives out bad energy, she says, working the plants to a pulp. Originally settled by the ancient ancestors of the Micmac people, this island off Nova Scotia now lures visitors with its abundant wildlife, natural beauty, and assembly of French, Micmac, and Celtic cultures.One-fifth of Cape Breton is preserved as a national park, laced by 25 hiking paths and looped by the Cabot Trail, a 186-mile driving route frequently ranked among the world’s most spectacular.
The nation and its people have been brutalized by dictators, battered by warlords, and negatively portrayed by viral videos.
The legendary snoozer in Washington Irving’s tale might descend from his Catskill Mountains hollow to find some of the country’s best folk musicians at the Clearwater Festival in Croton-on-Hudson. It remains one of the last urban seafronts in southern Europe not hemmed in by a giant marina. Audio narration not only makes reading more fun but also allows greater flexibility for self-guided instruction.
The program includes an interactive website with downloadable posters, incentives, activity pages, book excerpts and games. Kids can collect National Geographic Readers from each level as they increase their reading skills and can keep all of them handy on an e-reader for other family members to enjoy.
National Geographic Kids (10 issues a year) and Little Kids (6 issues a year) are photo-driven publications available on newsstands or by subscription, in print and on tablets. A year after she adopted Ellie, Anna was riding her bike when she found a kitten abandoned in a pile of trash. More fact than fiction, these wild characters followed transitional Jurassic period animals that sported mammalian skull traits and reptilian teeth (composite at top left). Forests used to cover over 20% of Africa’s 30 million square kilometers with almost all currently being destroyed and degraded by commercial and subsistence logging, as well as land conversion to plantations, agriculture, mines, roads and settlements.
We have also launched a micro-nursery program that builds small tree nurseries for ten households in the village, which are stocked with yellowwood seedlings that must be grown up to planting size.
Africa has arrived in the 21st century standing tall and more ready than ever to take its destiny into its hands”. But persistent population declines due to pollution, shrimp trawling, and development in their nesting areas, among other factors, have kept this wide-ranging seagoer on the threatened species list since 1978. The grand-prize winner receives $10,000 (?6,368) and a trip to National Geographic headquarters in Washington, DC, to participate in the annual National Geographic Photography Seminar in January 2015.
Russians practically wept when, after the breakup of the Soviet Union, Crimea was pulled out of the orbit of Russian rule and became part of an independent Ukraine.A trace of Soviet hangover endures in the form of unsmiling babushkas and concrete block architecture. Poised between lapis sea and Marseille’s sun-drenched hills, the National Museum of European and Mediterranean Civilizations (MuCEM) stands at the entrance to the Vieux-Port, the city’s historic heart. In this burgeoning city, Roman rulers built monuments celebrating both Christianity and their own power—monuments famous, then and now, for their sweeping mosaics.Seven of Ravenna’s eight buildings from the fifth and sixth centuries are spectacularly decorated with examples of this ancient art. The mighty trees rise high above a moist and ferny forest floor patrolled by coastal wolves, minks, Canada’s largest grizzly bears, and rare white Kermode spirit bears.This tranquillity has recently been rocked by a proposal to send tar sands crude oil from Alberta to a terminal at Kitimat in the Great Bear Rainforest. Bordering Tanzania, Mozambique, and Zambia, Malawi is an increasingly steady presence within a dynamic continent. With botanicals brimming from plastic bags, Lagla brings the Andean healing practice to guests of the newly restored Casa Gangotena on the plaza.
Safarigoers line up in next-door Kenya and Tanzania, with only a few coming to Uganda to see the famed mountain gorillas.The land mixes savanna, enormous lakes, rain forests, and the glacier-clad Rwenzori Mountains, one of Africa’s tallest ranges.
Instead, wooden caiques still ply the quiet bay while footpaths trace the meandering waterfront of Greece’s second largest city, some 320 miles north—and a world away—from chaotic Athens.Although the euro crisis has caused ripples of discontentment here, it’s the century-old street markets filled with ripe fruits and barrels of fresh feta that symbolize this city.

Moving forward, every new print National Geographic Reader will have an e-book version that will go on sale simultaneously. Be the first to get all the details when we launch the fourth annual Wild to Inspire Short Film Competition this fall by signing up below. We ask not only who or what God is, but if our perception of him has changed over the course of history? While these traditional methods are the most accepted, more creative and environmentally-friendly alternatives have emerged. Visitors can tour the once secret nuclear-blast-proof Soviet submarine base in Balaklava, a piece of Cold War history, now a museum.
And when it opens in May 2013, MuCEM will be a bold symbol of Marseille’s reemergence as a flourishing pan-Mediterranean hub.Cities may rise and fall, but the great ones—and Marseille is among them—always rise again. The project would entail two pipelines crossing some of the world’s largest salmon-producing watersheds and a steady procession of supertankers plying the narrow channels. Last year, a political transition introduced the world to Joyce Banda, a progressive new president and the second female chief of state in sub-Saharan Africa.
The headwaters of the Nile originate here, then burst through a cleft in the rocks at Murchison Falls.
Tucked between relics of Byzantine and Ottoman antiquity are art galleries, bohemian nightclubs, and culinary hot spots, all part of a grassroots vision turned reality by Thessaloniki’s large (about 50 percent of the population) do-it-yourself youth culture. For those devices that support it, readers will have the option to read the e-books with or without accompanying narration. National Geographic Kids Books is the leading nonfiction publisher with as many as 100 nonfiction titles each year, including the New York Times’ bestselling “Kids Almanac.” National Geographic Kids Games engages kids to learn through play with games like the online virtual animal world of Animal Jam and the interactive TV experience of Nat Geo Kinect TV.
Were we created in the image of God, or are we the result of a 13.8 million-year-old singularity? Afterward, retreat to one of the briny health resorts of the west and east coasts for a therapeutic mud bath, or go for a run down to Livadia Palace in Yalta, scene of the 1945 conference that reconfigured postwar Europe.Summer is high season, crowded with Russian and eastern European tourists (North Americans are still rare). Founded by ancient Greeks, France’s second largest city was already 500 years old and a bubbling stew of many cultures when Caesar laid siege in 49 B.C. A mini-archipelago of rain-forest-clad islands, cays, mangroves, and pearlescent beaches off the coast of West Papua, Indonesia, this marine frontier brims with life.
The local First Nations and environmental groups are vehemently opposed, fearing the catastrophic effects of an Exxon Valdez–type spill. More than a domestic shift, this turning point presents an invitation to explore Africa’s best kept secret.“When you make friends with a Malawian, they watch out for you,” says Moses Mphatso Kaufulu, a blogger from the historic British capital of Zomba.
Though its Spanish colonial center has been enshrined as a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1978, the area has more recently undergone a renaissance warranting longer stays. In autumn the air turns soft and it’s harvest time at vineyards like Massandra, built in the 19th century to supply wines for Nicholas II, the last Russian tsar.
A 20th-century wave of immigrants from Algeria and some other former French colonies led to Marseille’s modern reputation as a city far removed ethnically and psychologically from the rest of France. Expect close encounters with recent discoveries such as Raja Ampat’s walking shark and pygmy seahorse, along with more familiar creatures—manta rays, leatherback turtles, and bumphead parrotfish.
In the past decade, city officials have invested nearly $500 million to make improvements to its historic quarter. At sunset, find a perch and gaze over the panorama of castle-like structures shimmering in the golden light. In 1745 this garrison withstood a 48-day siege by New Englanders, backed by British naval support, before surrendering. Hippos graze along the shores of Lake Edward in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, while lions lounge in the trees of Ishasha, in Queen Elizabeth National Park. Bless it!”Just a couple hours north of New York City, this is a land of mom-and-pop shops, “u-pick” wildflower fields, and organic farm stands where “chain” is a four-letter word.
Despite recent headlines about drug-related crime, Marseille still stands tall as a world-class city.These days Marseille has every right to act the cagou (slang for a show-off) as it and the surrounding Provence region assume the role of 2013 European Capital of Culture.
Not to mention three-quarters of all known coral species.The scenery proves just as spectacular above the surface. At Quito’s heart, cobblestoned streets and pastel-colored mansions hem the revitalized San Francisco Church.
In 2013, the reconstructed fortification celebrates the 300th anniversary of the founding of the French colony of Ile Royale (present-day Cape Breton). The star in Bwindi is the mountain gorilla, a species down to about 720 animals visible in their tiny habitat.Uganda has tough decisions ahead.
Between the Culinary Institute of America grads too enchanted to leave Hyde Park and the influx of NYC chefs realizing the land is greener (and apartments bigger) here, area eateries such as Blue Hill at Stone Barns are stoking locavore passions.Artists of all media find their muses here. This was a time of testing each other out: a few of them had some recent and deep puncture wounds. Private and public bus and train routes connect most cities, and taxis are readily available. Visitors admire pieces by contemporary mosaicists including Chagall, Mathieu, and Vedova at the MAR (Museo d’Arte Ravenna) or poke into cluttered bottegas (workshops) where modern artists use the same methods as their Byzantine forebears. Many restorers of the landmark learned to apply gold leaf, inlay wood, and chisel statuary in a nearby workshop with a mission to teach skills to impoverished teenagers with an aptitude for art.
Take a drive to the newly expanded Hudson River School Art Trail to see 17 sites in New York that inspired America’s great mid-19th-century landscape paintings. Young, multiethnic crowds gather for cutting-edge happenings at La Friche la Belle de Mai, a tobacco factory turned art and performance center. At the Parco della Pace, locals relax beside mosaic sculptures; even the city’s street signs glitter with glass fragments. Major renovations have polished up many of the city’s 20-plus museums, including the Musee Cantini, whose trove of Picassos and Miros is housed in an elegant 1694 town house. Dusty roads connect towns, and mountains give way to plains of green maize punctuated by baobab trees.
Emphasizing storytelling, Casa del Alabado arranges its pre-Columbian art and artifacts thematically to dramatize the mystery of the ancients. But tourism dollars could provide an easier coexistence between banana-loving gorillas and banana farmers in Bwindi. For all the new energy, Marseille’s old pleasures remain as alluring as ever: a stroll along the narrow lanes of the Panier Quarter, the lusty aromas of a good bouillabaisse, a boat ride into the fjordlike inlets called calanques.
Visitors can gawk at new pieces, listen to musicians, and learn to make their own masterpieces. But the nation’s heart is a watery realm where waves lap the sand, leaving streaks of silt.
Or visit museums such as the outdoor Storm King Art Center sculpture park to see the work of contemporary visionaries.Some villages marry art and music famously.
Cruise the region aboard an upscale conversion of a traditional phinisi schooner or stay at a hideaway such as Misool Eco Resort, with its swanky overwater bungalows. In the wonderfully weird and artsy Woodstock, indie performers and music icons rub elbows and grab crusty loaves at Bread Alone Bakery. Budding musicians bring their bongos to the weekly hippie drum circle on the Village Green.Much like Rip, Hudson Valley wanderers often wake up to find this is where they long to rest their vagabond souls. The fictionalized chronicle of the rise and fall of brutal dictator Idi Amin was the first feature film completely shot on location in Uganda.
From New York City, drive north on either side of the Hudson River via I-87 (tolls) or U.S.

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