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Explore the map of North America, the third largest by area and the fourth most populated continent in the world. About North America Map :-North America is the third-largest continent and is spread over 9,540,000 sq miles.
Anthropologists are of the opinion that early initial inhabitants arrived in North America around 40,000 years ago, possibly through the Bering Land Bridge by using primitive boats. Much before the European exploration, the continent witnessed cultural advances with Aztecs emerging as one of the most advanced pre-Columbian civilizations. Europeans began “exploring and staking claims” in several parts of North America with the advent of the Age of Discovery (from early 15th century). After the 13 British colonies on the North Atlantic coast were declared independent in 1776, they became the USA.
North America is the third largest continent with an area of 24,346,000 square km (9,400,000 square miles). North America is broadly divided into four great regions: the Great Plains stretching from the Gulf of Mexico to the Canadian Arctic, the Rocky Mountains, the Great Basin and Alaska in the west, and the plateau of the Canadian Shield in the northeast. The Great Plains and the Mississippi River System are among the most interesting geographical features of North America.
Canada is one of the oldest regions in the continent with large reserves of iron, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, molybdenum, and uranium.
The richness in biodiversity in Canada and the USA is directly linked to their diverse landscape and large areas. Greenland is the coldest region in the entire continent by virtue of having an Arctic climate. United States is the most populous country in North America with a total population of 320, 806, 576 (as of May 4, 2015). Democracy dominates the political system in the Caribbean with the presence of one-party system, multi-party systems and two-party systems. Like, the US, Mexico has a congressional system of government wherein the President is the head of state and head of government. Mexico is comparatively new to the idea of an industrialized country as it is on the cusp of change from traditional operations to modern operations.
The North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is one of the largest trade blocs in the world with its member nations – USA, Canada, and Mexico – establishing strong economic cooperation to eliminate trade barriers. From Mexican Mariachi to American Rock & Roll, the North America is known for introducing several genres of music to the world.
The Afro-American and European sculptors who migrated to the US revived the classical tradition and gave prominence to the idea of American Expressionism.
The US is distinctly known for its ability to create the tallest and the swankiest buildings of the world.
American literature has wowed the world with its dedicated practitioners dishing out thought-provoking ideas through novels, verses, essays and plays.
The Golden Age of Mexican cinema (1936 and 1969) has left the movie buffs with much to relish.
Pan-American Highway is a network of roads totaling a length of about 48,000 km (30,000 mi). Like Alaska, several North American islands are not linked to continental road network and are served by ferries or private boat.
The popularity of air travel as a feasible mode of transport was felt following the World War II. Situated in the western and northern hemispheres, North America is the third largest continent, covering a total area of about 24,709,000 square kilometers (9,540,000 square miles).
Forget the heart-shaped bathtubs and towel animals: how about a romantic getaway in a secluded tree house in Tanzania? There are few more romantic scenarios than a thatched bungalow poised at the edge of luxuriant jungle and facing an exquisite coast.
The tree house at Rubondo Island Camp is a getaway from a getaway: a treetop refuge set back from the eight cottages of the main camp, where guests are invited to have a a€?sleep outa€? under the stars overlooking Lake Victoria.
Rosalie Bay is the kind of place where people come to get invigorateda€”by the warm sea air, the endless trails through beach and jungle, the yoga and the fresh, healthy food, and the stunning waterside spa. Perched on a hillside just up the coast from Africaa€™s southernmost tip, Grootbos Private Nature Reserve specializes in glorious, expansive sunsets, which you can take in from the privacy of your own veranda or perhaps from atop a horse on a ride through the wildflowers.
Find yourselves enshrouded by thick rain forest in a stunning thatched bungalow set on the banks of the Pacuare River. With fjords and bays, mountaintops and uninhabited islets, therea€™s plenty of wilderness to explore together at Nimmo Bay. Select your travel style--whether it's our signature expeditions, our active outdoors adventures, or our lower-priced journeys.
Our newest small-group trips, provided in partnership with G Adventures, blend fun, hands-on exploration with meaningful cultural encounters, as well as more free time and choices.
Join National Geographic's experts and naturalists to to delve into the vivid cultures and diverse ecosystems of Central America and the Caribbean. Travel the world with our experts on our flagship expeditions by land, train, private jet, or on board our fleet of small ships.
Explore by foot, by camel or kayak, and even by dogsled on an active adventure that combines spectacular places, physical challenge, and cultural interaction. Our newest trips, offered with G Adventures, blend fun, hands-on exploration, meaningful encounters, and more free time and choices. All trip prices are per person based on double occupancy, are subject to change without notice and do not include airfare.
Great Horned OwlsMost Alaskans are familiar with the Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus) for it is one of our commonest large raptors and has the most widespread range of all North American owls.
The most notable physical attributes of the Great Horned Owl are its large size and its large, widely spaced ear tufts or ?horns? which are feathers. Great Horned Owls do not construct nests but customarily usurp the nest of some other large raptor.
However Compare Infobase Limited, its directors and employees do not own any responsibility for the correctness or authenticity of the same. Paleo-Indians are thought to be amongst the first to arrive in North America from Asia or migrated down the Pacific coast. Mayan civilization in Central America developed written language, built pyramids and made progress in mathematics.
The native population dwindled owing tothe violent conflicts and introduction of European diseases. This northernmost continent is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Pacific Ocean on the west, Arctic Ocean on the north and the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic ocean on the south. The eastern region of the continent is the fourth great region that comprises the Appalachian Mountains, the Florida peninsula, and the coastal plain.
Except a few hills, the Great Plains is generally a large swathe of treeless areas and shallow river valleys.


The Canadian Shield in the north is also known for its boreal forests, which are the lifeline of the logging industry.
While continental US and Canada are known for their vascular plants and temperate forests, Hawaii is home to more than 1,800 species of flowering plants. White-tailed deer, American mink, American beaver, striped skunk, and red fox add diversity to the fauna of North America. Apart from cougars, Jaguars, and spider monkeys, it is the red brocket (deer) found in tropical forests that make the continent's fauna exclusive. While south Florida and Hawaii have tropical climate, the Great Plains witness semi-arid climate.
While Cuba is a revolutionary socialist democracy with one-party system, Jamaica and Barbados are among the anglophone nations that have two-party systems. Politics of Canada stands out as it is considered a constitutional monarchy, which means the Monarch is the head of the state. Electronic goods, industrial exports, oil and automobiles are revenue-generating sectors of Mexican economy. The Caribbean trade bloc, CARICOM (Caribbean Community), is one of the earliest entities formed in 1973 with an objective of promoting economic integration among the 15 Caribbean nations. While Caribou stew, smoked salmon, roast beef with Yorkshire pudding, and Montreal-style smoked meat are a craze in Canada, the US swears by its hamburgers, pies, and hot dogs.
American pop stars such as Elvis Presley and Michael Jackson are still considered the stalwarts.
After artists such as Jackson Pollock showed interest in Native American art, several American artists followed suit and began to recreate their traditional art.
The immediate impact of Mexican Revolution (1910 to 1920) on Mexican art was 'dramatic', to say the least. Names such as Frank Lloyd Wright and Philip Johnson are associated with the US architecture.
It is closely intertwined with the Canadian cinema which finds a respectable position in the world cinema. Couples in search of a place to retreat will find the dreamy, the exhilarating, and the downright inspirational at the hotels in our National Geographic Unique Lodges of the World collection. Relax in the hammock on your private deck, spotting birds in the surrounding trees, or take walks along the white-sand beaches a short walk from your front door. Spend your day observing wildlife on safari by foot or canoe, and then retreat to your elegant room among the branches to soak al fresco in a copper bathtub, watch the sun set over the lake, and enjoy a romantic evening by lantern light.
Hike to hidden waterfalls and walk empty beaches, treat each other to a couples massage with the peaceful sounds of the river babbling by, enjoy a private dinner in a riverside gazebo, and share your date night with turtle hatchlings (in season). National Geographic guests are treated to an exclusive dinner for two in a unique romantic setting: within a boma of 1,000-year-old milkwood trees. The Canopy Honeymoon Suitea€™s wide screened windows provide a 180-degree rain forest view, while the lush trees ensure complete privacy.
Go kayaking or paddleboard to a secluded beach for a swim, or fly a helicopter high up to the peaks for a picnic for two at the foot of a glacier. Encounter Costa Rica’s incredible array of wildlife in a variety of ways, including on a family adventure or private expedition. Our Journeys are led by knowledgeable local guides, feature small groups and accessible prices, and bring you closer to people and cultures all around the world.
Many folks south of the Arctic treeline have at sometime either observed this magnificent bird in the woods or listened on a still evening to its legendary hooting — a soft but vibrant whoo-whoo-whoo-whoo- whoo-whoo. Owls, especially those that hunt at night have extremely sensitive hearing and can locate even faint sounds with remarkable accuracy. Hollow trees are occasionally used and in mountainous or desert terrain, where trees are sparse, they will nest on cliff ledges and promontories and sometimes even on the ground. It is located in the northern hemisphere, between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean, and is home to some major global economies like the United States and Canada.
Mayan culture was present in Mexico and Guatemala till the time the Spanish explorers arrived in 1500. After Britain, Spain, and France had fought against each other and established their presence in North America, several independence movements started across the continent in the late 18th century leading to creation of the modern countries. New Spain (from modern-day southern US to Central America) became the first Mexican empire after it was declared independent in 1810. According to the United States Geographical Survey (USGS), the geographic center of North America is about 24 km (15 mi) from Rugby, North Dakota. Central America is considered the geologically most active zone in the continent with volcanic eruptions and earthquakes frequenting the region.
Laurel forests, which are temperate evergreen cloud forests, could be seen in large swathes in the southernmost point of North America. However, the southern part of the country can witness temperatures rising more than 20° C (68° F) in June, July or August.
The Mediterranean climate in coastal California is in sharp contrast to the sub-Arctic climate of Alaska. In fact, places such as Ontario, Manitoba, and the US state of Louisiana have significant French-speaking population. The country has a multi-party system and follows the principles of parliamentary democracy.
Guatemala has the largest economy in Central America, with bananas, coffee, sugar, and petroleum being its main exports. Apart from murals, paintings with nationalistic and political messages were created on public buildings, and they had established a tradition in other parts of the Americas. Notable filmmakers such as James Cameron, David Cronenberg, and Deepa Mehta have added to the list of glorious movies made in North America. Movies such as 'I Am Cuba' (1964) and 'The Last Supper' (1976) brought limelight on Cuban cinema.
Alaska's state-owned ferry system (Alaska Marine Highway) serves local transportation purpose.
Atlanta International Airport (Atlanta) and O'Hare International Airport (Chicago) are among the major gateways to North America. Think a couplea€™s massage amid the palms in French Polynesia or a private lunch at the foot of a hidden waterfall in Costa Ricaa€”or that Tanzanian tree house, complete with a luxurious outdoor tub, private dining, and a wide veranda built into the branches overlooking Lake Victoria.
And, exclusive to National Geographic guests, hike into the forest with a naturalist and sit down to a catered champagne lunch for two at the foot of a glittering waterfall. Follow a private suspension bridge to your suite, elevated above the forest floor, and relax in a hammock on the covered deck or cool off in your own spring-fed stone pool. Trace Panama’s Pacific coastline and cross its legendary canal by small ship, or kayak among the atolls of Belize's barrier reef on an active adventure. The deep resonant hoots are given in various rhythms by different individuals, but usually it is a four to six-noted hoot with the female?s being softer and higher in pitch.
A number of owl species (at least 8), have asymmetrical openings to their ears, which helps determine the direction and height of a sound.


The pairs typically mate for life, share in the defense of a territory against other Horned Owls, and usually occupy the same territory for several years. The North America map also points to the major rivers in the continent including River Mississippi, River Mackenzie, River Colorado, and River Missouri, the highest peaks such as Mt. It combines with its tributaries – Missouri and Ohio rivers – to become the third largest river system (6,236 km) in the world. Mt McKinley (20,322 ft) in Alaska and the Death Valley (282 ft below sea level) in California are the highest and lowest points in the continent. This region also has several mountain ranges with Sierra Madre de Chiapas and the Cordillera Isabelia being the longest ones.
North Mexico has a dry climate unlike in the tropical lowlands of southern part of the country that witnesses an average rainfall of more than 2,000 mm.
North America is also home to the biggest island, Greenland, which also has the world's lowest population density.
Canada is close second with its per capita GDP estimated at $44,656 and considerable growth in service, manufacturing, and mining sectors. It is now in a revival mode after it received a setback owing to its adherence to socialist principles. Flying fish, lobster, crab soup, turtle stew, and meat pies are common in almost every island in the region. In fact, the 'Imperfect Cinema' of Cuba has been widely acknowledged as very thought-provoking and ingenious works of art.
While Panama has around 53 airports with paved runways, Cuba's state-owned airline 'Cubana' serves several destinations in North, Central and South America along with Europe and the Caribbean. Soak up the colors, rhythms, and unique heritage of the Caribbean while island-hopping aboard a historic square-rigger sailboat. Here in the Interior we can enjoy their deep hoots rolling across the forest throughout the winter nights. Hearing is enhanced by the facial ruff, a concave surface of stiff dark-tipped feathers which functions as a reflector, channeling sounds into the ears. They are very early nesters, even here in the Interior egg laying and incubation can be well underway by March. Coastal regions, including British Columbia, have a temperate climate with mild winter and warm summers with average temperature ranging from 25 to 30 °C (77 to 86° F). The capital city of Mexico remains pleasant throughout the year with the difference between summer and winter mean temperatures being approximately 6 to 8 °C (11 to 14 °F).
Some of the Caribbean island-nations such as Cuba, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago have large cities with populations greater than one million. Greenland has a significant Danish-speaking population and Dutch is spoken in some of the Caribbean nations. While the democrats support a modern American liberal platform, the Republicans favor a conservative platform. The evolution of Caribbean music is largely attributed to the descendants of African slaves.
The country has witnessed a steady transition from pre-revolution modernist masterpieces to contemporary paintings and sculptures. The colorful colonial buildings on the streets of Cuba are among the most photographed architecture.
Modern playwrights such as Tennessee Williams and Arthur Miller and novelists such as Toni Morrison, Virginia Woolf, William Faulkner and Ernest Hemingway are amongst the doyens of American literature. The Inter-American Highway, which is a section of Pan-American Highway in Central America, runs for 5,470 km (3,400 mi) between Nuevo Laredo, (Mexico), and Panama City, (Panama). Or immerse yourself in Cuba's vibrant culture as you interact with artists and farmers, preservationists and schoolchildren.
The geographic range of the Great Horned Owl encompasses virtually all of the forested and semi- forested regions of North, Central and South America. Also, owls remain in the same area for a long time and become familiar with the environment, such as the heights of favorite perches above the ground and other physical attributes of their territory which provide knowledge of the habitat. Nesting occurs earliest during years of peak snowshoe hare populations and the number of eggs layed will be greater in years of abundance . Besides, the country includes an assortment of styles and influences for creating a uniquely Cuban-style of architecture. As long as available prey are in adequate supply, these owls are usually year-round residents and the young normally will not move very far from the area in which they were born. All owls have a structural modification of the first primary feather (the large outer most flight feather) on the wing. Incubation takes about a month and the young owls are fully feathered and capable of short flights around eight weeks. Celine Dion and Shania Twain are the names that continue to bring the focus back on Canadian music.
There are, however, mass movements of Great Horned Owls following cyclic declines of snowshoe hare populations in the boreal forest.
The forward edge of the feather is serrated rather than smooth which eliminates the vortex noise created when air flows over it, making for a silent hunter, Great Horned Owls have long sharp talons which they quickly kill most of their prey with.
Its themes of freedom and independence got prominence not before the advent of the 19th century.
Because of their large and powerful size, they are capable of handling a wide variety of prey, ranging in size from skunks and porcupines to shrews and songbirds. Scientists suggest the early nesting occurs to maximize the time for developing hunting skills before the next winter.
Sofrito, which is widely used for seasoning, adds a distinctive flavor to the native cuisine. The young are dependent on the parents throughout the summer for food and do not disperse from their natal areas until fall. About 50% of the young which leave the nest die within their first year from various causes. Elbert, and the major landforms such as the Appalachian Mountains, the Rocky Mountains the Great Basin, the Sierra Madre, the Edwards plateau, the Colorado Plateau, the Caribbean island nations, and the Atlantic and Pacific coastal regions. This is a good way to find an owl which can be challenging to see because of its nocturnal habits. Fortunately, the Great Horned Owl remains so widely distributed and remarkably tolerant of major habitat disturbance by man that its future seems secure for now.



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